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Actinidiaceae

Saurauia Willd.

Edited by James V. LaFrankie & Pieter B. Pelser, 29 August 2016

Photos
 
  1. Saurauia alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: FB 25202 Alvarez (US, iso), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lanao-Cotabato trail, in dipterocarp forest, c. 1000m, 21-Mar-1916. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Primary forest, c. 1000m.
  2. Saurauia ampla Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 521; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Phil. Pl. 1694 Ramos (L, NY, US, iso), Samar: Cauayan Valley, along small streams in forests, c. 100m, Apr-1914. --Saurauia succulenta Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2617; --Type: Elmer 13408 (BISH, MO, NY, U, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Lowland forests in damp ravines.
  3. Saurauia avellana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 498; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Elmer 10055 (L, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, “thicketed ridges at 3000ft”, May-1908. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forested slopes, 700-900m. Photos [or S. benguetensis. Name not in IPNI].
  4. Saurauia bakeri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 521; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: CF Baker 3259 (syntype), Luzon: Quezon prov., near Malinao, on forested slopes, May-1914. LUZON: Quezon, CATANDUANES. Lowland primary forests.
  5. Saurauia bicolor Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 32; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: BS 28735 Ramos & Edaño (A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Binuang, on forested ridges, 12-May-1917. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Forested ridges, 300m or more.
  6. Saurauia bontocensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 453; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Vanoverbergh 2555, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco, in forests, c. 1700m. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Kalinga, Ifugao. Thickets and forests, 1200-1800m. Photos
  7. Saurauia cinnamomea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 42; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Whitford 779. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon. Lowland primary forests.
  8. Saurauia clementis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 208; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Clemens 57, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Jan-1906. PANAY, LEYTE, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan, Surigao del Norte. Lowland damp forests, ascending to 900m.
  9. Saurauia confertiflora Merr. & Quisumb; --Type: PNH 6290 Sulit (L), Samar: Western Samar prov., Concord, Bagacay, Km. 57.5, along banks of Kansulatan Creek, under shade of dipterocarp forest, c. 200m, 25-Apr-1948. SAMAR: Western Samar. Lowland dipterocarp forest along creek embankment, c. 200m.
  10. Saurauia confusa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 522; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Merrill Phil. Pl. 1134, leg. Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Dahican River, Sep-1912. LUZON: Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland primary forests.
  11. Saurauia copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2613; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Elmer 10555 (BISH, L, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, May-1909. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Primary forests, c. 1000m. Photos.
  12. Saurauia cordata Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 48; --Type: Ramos & Edano BS 75267 (A, NY), Catanduanes: Mt. Abucay, c. 1300m, 9-Sep-1928. CATANDUANES. Only known from the type.
  13. Saurauia denticulata C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 205; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: RS Williams 2167 (NY, holo; NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 240m, 14-Feb-1905. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Primary forests, 200-800m.
  14. Saurauia elegans (Choisy) Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 19; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Scapha elegans Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 15 (1855) 119, t. 1. --Saurauia santosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 65, syn. nov; --Type: BS 31937 JK Santos (A, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Pauai, on slopes, c. 2200m, 16-May-1918. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan (Mt Cetaceo), Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Aurora, Bataan, Camarines, Albay, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, 700m). In forested ravines and exposed forested ridges, 700 to 2300 m. Photos.
  15. Saurauia elmeri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 523; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Elmer 9225 (A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, Mt Banahaw, May-1907. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Banahaw). Medium elevation primary forests.
  16. Saurauia erythrotricha Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2614; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Elmer 13821 (BISH, MO, NA, NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Mossy forest, c. 1600m.
  17. Saurauia fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 524; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Merrill 9508 (US, iso), Palawan: Mt Capoas, forested ridges and talus slopes, c. 800m, 21-Apr-1913. PALAWAN (Mt Capoas; Mt Beaufort). Forested ridges, c. 800m.
  18. Saurauia gigantifolia Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 49; --Type: BS 83716 Ramos & Convocar (A, iso), Mindanao: Agusan prov., Diwata Mtns, forested slopes, c. 1000m, 10-Apr-1931. MINDANAO: Agusan (Diwata mtns). Forests, c. 1000m.
  19. Saurauia glabrifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 33; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Wenzel 1866, Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Placer, in forest, c. 150m, 4-Jul-1916. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Lowland primary forests.
  20. Saurauia gracilipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 33; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Clemens 849, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur, Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Apr-1907. CATANDUANES, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Surigao del Norte. Lowland primary forests.
  21. Saurauia involucrata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 41; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Copeland 1237 (US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Apr-1904. MINDANAO: Davao. Forests, c. 800m.
  22. Saurauia klemmei Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 525; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: FB 6640 Klemme (US, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., near Ilagan, in open level forests, Mar-1907. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela. Lowland forests. Photos.
  23. Saurauia knemifolia Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 50; --Type: BS 77764 Edaño (A, holo), Palawan: Mt Manalsal, forested slopes, c. 1200m, 13-May-1929. PALAWAN. Note by L.L.Co: Apparently known only from the type.
  24. Saurauia lanaensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Clemens 868, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley, forested slopes of Sacred Mountain, c. 800m. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Forested slopes, 700-900m.
  25. Saurauia latibractea Choisy in Zoll. Syst. Verzeich. (1854) 148; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Syntypes: Cuming 944 (L) & Cuming 1302 (L), Luzon: Albay prov. --Saurauia cumingiana de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient. (1856) 38. --Saurauia exasperata de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient. (1856) 56; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 19; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 96; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip (1886) 56; --Type: Cuming 455 (L, iso). --Saurauia ramosii Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 51, syn. nov; --Type: BS 75497 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo), Catanduanes: Catanduanes prov., Mt Abucay, in damp forests, c. 1500m, 9-Sep-1928. --Saurauia irosinensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3727; --Syntypes: Elmer 14581 (L, NY, U), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Oct-1915; Elmer 15219 (NY, U), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Nov-1915. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, 100-700m), CATANDUANES, CEBU. In primary forests at low elevation, often common. Photos.
  26. Saurauia laxa Merr., ined.; --Voucher: BS 22645 Ramos & Deroy (NY), Luzon: Batangas prov., Apr/May-1915.
  27. Saurauia leytensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 526; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 15240 Ramos (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, Aug-1911. BILIRAN, LEYTE, BUCAS GRANDE. Primary forests, c. 500m.
  28. Saurauia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 36; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --Type: Loher 12300, Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Sumag, May-19xx. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban; Mt Sumag). 
  29. Saurauia longipedicellata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 407; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 36897 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, in forests along streams at low elevation, Nov-1919. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Lowland forests along streams.
  30. Saurauia longistyla Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 209; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Merrill 835 (GH, iso), Palawan: San Antonio Bay, in forests at c. 500m, 18-Feb-1903. PALAWAN. Primary forests, 450-500m.
  31. Saurauia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 209; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Syntypes: FB 2902 (US) & 3101 Ahern’s Collector, Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso, Mar & Apr-1905, respectively. LUZON: Zambales, Rizal (Bosoboso; Mt Irig), Laguna, Quezon. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  32. Saurauia macgregorii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 11407 RC McGregor, Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, Campote, Mar-1912. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. In forests at medium elevation. 
  33. Saurauia merrillii Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 321; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Elmer 7530 (NY, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Palo, in woods at 200m, Jan-1906. LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests.
  34. Saurauia mindorensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: FB 6849 (US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., S of Lake Naujan, in forests, c. 100m. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental. Lowland primary forests.
  35. Saurauia negrosensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 499; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Elmer 10139. PANAY, NEGROS. Primary forests, c. 450m.
  36. Saurauia oblancilimba Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 332, t. 9; --Type: BS 44738 Ramos & Edaño (A), Luzon: Zambales, Mt Tapulao (=High Peak). Along forested stream, 900m. Not by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection.
  37. Saurauia oligantha Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 18; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 23426 Ramos (NY, US), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bagacaua, in the mossy forest, 20-Aug-1915. --Saurauia bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3726, not validly published, no Latin description; --Syntypes: Elmer 14369 (NY, U); Elmer 16407 (NY, U); Elmer 16580 (NA, NY, U), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Oct-1915, Jun & Jul-1916, respectively. LUZON: Sorsogon. Primary forests, c. 450m. 
  38. Saurauia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 30323 Ramos (US, iso), Catanduanes: Catanduanes prov., mtns back of Calolbong, 10-Dec-1917. CATANDUANES. Lowland primary forests.
  39. Saurauia palawanensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 527; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 681 Foxworthy (US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Mt Victoria, moist slopes along streams, c. 1100m, 23-Mar-1906 PALAWAN. Forests along streams, 1100m.
  40. Saurauia panayensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 528; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Merrill 6701 (US, iso), Panay: Capiz prov., Dumarao, shaded ravines along small streams, c. 100m. PANAY: Capiz. Forests along streams, 100-800m. Photos
  41. Saurauia panduriformis Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 580; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Elmer 9209 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, “in woods bordering meadows at 750m”, May-1907. LUZON: Kalinga, Benguet, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon. Primary forests, 650-1400m. Note by L.L.Co: Very similar to S. polysperma (Blanco) Merr.
  42. Saurauia papillulosa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 529; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: BS 19640 RC McGregor (US, iso), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, 1900-2000m, Feb-1913. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao. Montane thickets or forests, 1500-1900m.
  43. Saurauia philippinensis Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 282; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Merrill 5633 (L, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, in forests, 700m, Nov-1906. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Primary forests, 540-1400m.
  44. Saurauia polysperma (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 263; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Gordonia polysperma Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 549; ibid. ed. 2 (1845) 384; ibid. ed. 3 (1879) 342. --Saurauia subglabra Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 43; PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 95; --Type: FB 2767 Meyer (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, “forests in river canon at 800m”, Feb-1905. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, La Union, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Bataan. In primary forests, 750-1400m. 
  45. Saurauia samarensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 530; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: BS 17484 Ramos (US, iso), Samar: Yabong & Cauayan Valley, damp forests along small streams, Mar-1914. SAMAR. Lowland damp primary forests. 
  46. Saurauia sampad Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2616; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Elmer 13825 (BISH, L, NY 2 sheets, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Damp ravines, c. 1600m.
  47. Saurauia sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1492; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 12535 (BISH, NY, US, iso), Sibuyan: Magallanes (=Magdiwang), Mt Giting-giting, “in red moist soil of shrubby creek banks at 500ft”, May-1910. SIBUYAN. Along streams, c. 150m.
  48. Saurauia sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 17; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: BS 23681 Ramos (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, in mossy forest, 5-Sep-1915. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan). Mossy forests, at or above 900m.
  49. Saurauia sparsiflora Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 8364 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, “woods at 6500ft”, Mar-1907 LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas), Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Quezon. Mossy forests, 1700-2200m. Photos
  50. Saurauia tayabensis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 333, t. 10; --Type: BS 45701 Ramos & Edaño (A), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Alzapan, 2000m, 7-Jun-1925. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Alzapan; Casiguran). Streamside lowland forest to montane (mossy) forest, 2000m.
  51. Saurauia trichophora Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 335, t. 11; --Type: BS 45711 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Alzapan, along streams in damp forests, 1000m, 24-May-1925. LUZON: Aurora-Quirino provincial border (Mt Alzapan). Along streams in damp forests and on forested slopes in the mossy forest, 1000-1300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type locality. Photos.
  52. Saurauia trunciflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 285; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: FB 3918 Hutchinson (US, iso), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., near Camp Keithley, 9-Mar-1906. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forested slopes and thickets, 700-1100m.
  53. Saurauia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2619; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 13638. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Wet ravines, c. 1050m.
  54. Saurauia vanoverberghii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 91; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1014 (L, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Malamey, in forests, c. 1550m, 3-Dec-1910. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Forests, c. 1550m.
  55. Saurauia wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 376; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Wenzel 324 (A, GH, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, in forests c. 60m, Jul-1913. LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests.
  56. Saurauia whitfordii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 42; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Whitford 1006 (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Banahaw, Oct-1904. LUZON: Quezon, POLILLO. Primary forests up to c. 800m.
  57. Saurauia zamboangensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 471; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 36607 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tabuan.

Literature

Steenis, CGGJ van. 1948. Actinidiaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series 1, 4: 37-39

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Last updated 2 July 2017