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Amaranthaceae

including Chenopodiaceae

Achyranthes L.

Photos 
 
  1. Achyranthes aspera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 204; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 195; EPFP 2 (1923) 131; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88. Photos.
  2. Achyranthes bidentata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 131; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88.

Aerua =Aerva

Aerva Forssk.

Photos 
  1. Aerva lanata (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 11 (1808) 131; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 130; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 84, f. 5. Photos.
  2. Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 547; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 85. --Aerva scandens Wall., Cat. (1829) 6911, nomen; --Moq. in DC, Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 302; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130. Photos

Allmania R.Br. ex Wight

No Photos
  1. Allmania nodiflora (L.) R Br. [in Wall., Cat. (1832) 6890, nom. nud.] ex Wight in Hook., London J. Bot. 1 (1834) 226, t. 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 74, 593. --Allmania albida R Br. in Wall., Cat. (1832) No. 6981, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127.

Alternanthera Forssk.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 January 2015

Photos
 
  1. Alternanthera bettzickiana (Regel) Nichols, Illust. Dict. Gard. 1 (1884) 59 (‘bettzchiana’); --Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 169. --Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R.Br. ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 5 (1819) 555, nom. illegit., non A. ficoides P.Beauv., Fl. Oware & Benin (1818). --Alternanthera ficoides var. versicolor (Regel) Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 93; --Alternanthera versicolor Regel, Gartenfl. (1869) 101; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 132. Native of Brazil. Photos
  2. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 537; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 94. --Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Scheygr. Native to tropical America. Photos
  3. Alternanthera paronychioides St. Hil., Voy. Brésil 2, 2 (1833) 43; --Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 167, f. 6-8; --Bakh.f. & Veldk., Addenda & Corr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 916, f. 1.
  4. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. in Goett, Abh. 24 (1879) 36; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1949) 93. Native of Brazil.
  5. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC, Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813) 77; R Br. ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. (1818) 48; Roth in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 5 (1819) 554; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 92, f. 7; op. cit. p. 594. Native of Old World. Photos

Amaranthus L.

Photos 
  1. Amaranthus caudatus L.; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 76. Photos
  2. Amaranthus gracilis Desf., Tabl. Enc. Bot. (1804) 43; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 76. Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1405; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193; EPFP 2 (1923) 128. There is as yet no unanimity of opinion as to the correct name for this species. Photos
  3. Amaranthus hybridus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990 ssp. incurvatus (Gren. & Godr.) Brenan var. paniculatus (L.) Mansf. Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. cruentus (L.) Thell. var. paniculatus (L.) Thell. in Asch. & Gr. Syn. 5, 1 (1914) 247; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 79. Amaranthus paniculatus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1406; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128. Amaranthus caudatus Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193, non L. Photos .
  4. Amaranthus lividus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 77.
  5. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 991; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 78. Pantropic ubiquist. Throughout Malesia and the Philippines where it is probably introduced. Weed in open waste lands, roadsides, fields, gardens, etc., gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams, 0-1400 m. Photos .
  6. Amaranthus tricolor L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 989; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 77, f. 2.

Celosia L.

Photos 
  1. Celosia argentea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190; EPFP 2 (1923) 127; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 73. var. argentea. Pantropic ubiquitous weed, wild but non-native, possibly introduced from tropical Africa. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium altitudes in the settled areas. Very common along sandy-gravelly river banks, open dry roadsides, fields, gardens, etc. var. cristata L. Photos.
  2. Celosia cristata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127.Pantropic in cultivation for ornamental purposes. Also sometimes running wild but not far from human habitation. Photos (non-Philippines).

Chenopodium L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012

Photos
 
  1. Chenopodium acuminatum Willd., Ges. Nat. Fr. Neue Schr. 2 (1799) 124, t. 5, f. 2; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Siberia, China, Japan, Taiwan, Malesia: N Philippines: BATAN. In waste places.
  2. Chenopodium album L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Europe, Continental Asia, Africa, Australia, America. In Malesia: introduced in Java and naturalized in the E part of the island; N Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. A casual weed in temperate vegetable gardens, c. 1300-1400m. Photos .

Cyathula Blume

Photos 
 
  1. Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 549; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 129; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 82, f. 4. Photos

Deeringia R.Br.

Photos 
 
  1. Deeringia amaranthoides (Lam.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amb. (1917) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 71, f. Deeringia baccata Moq. in DC, Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190. Photos .
  2. Deeringia polysperma (Roxb.) Moq., Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; -- Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 72. Deeringia polysperma var. pubescens (Schinz) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Kabaena, Moluccas, New Guinea. BATANES to MINDANAO and PALAWAN. Thickets, light forests, forest edges, low to medium altitudes, ascending to 1800 m in Benguet. Much rarer than D. amaranthoides. Photos.

Digera Forssk.

No Photos
  1. Digera muricata (L.) Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 77, no. 2; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 80, f. 3.

Dysphania R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012

No Photos

  1. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants; --Fuentes-Bazan et al. 2012; --Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 189; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Native of the neotropics, introduced in many other regions: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia. In Malesia naturalized in Java, N Sulawesi, E New Guinea as well as ‘throughout’ the Philippines (although now seem to be common only in Benguet prov. of N LUZON, c. 1400m). 

Gomphrena L.

Photos
  1. Gomphrena celosioides Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 93; Native of tropical America, introduced in tropical and S Africa, India and Australia. Now widespread in Malesia. Throughout the Philippines. Gregarious mat-forming weed along roadsides, abandoned fields, wastelands, and other similar hot, dry and dusty sites at low altitudes.
  2. Gomphrena globosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 224; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 95, f. 8. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. Introduced long ago in Malesia, either cultivated or semi-naturalized. Throughout the settled areas of the Philippines in cultivation, often occurring as an escape. Lowlands to c.1300 m. Photos (non-Philippines).

 Iresine P.Browne

Photos
  1. Iresine herbstii JD Hook., Gard. Chron. (1864) 654, 1206; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer,   Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 97.

Lipandra Moq.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012

No Photos

  1. Lipandra polysperma (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch, Willdenowia 42 (2012) 14; --Chenopodium polyspermum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 220; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Europe, Continental Asia; elsewhere locally introduced. Merrill, loc. cit., records the plant as a casual weed in the Philippines.

Psilotrichum Blume

Photos
  1. Psilotrichum ferrugineum (Roxb.) Moq. in DC, Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 279; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 90, f. 6. Psilotrichum trichotomum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130.

Pupalia Juss.

Photos
  1. Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 2 (1803) 132; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 129; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 83. --Pupalia atropurpurea (Lam.) Moq. in DC, Prodr. 132 (1849) 331; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193.

Non-naturalized cultivated plants:

  1. Beta vulgaris L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103.
  2. Spinacea oleracea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 222; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 100. Occasionally cultivated in LUZON. Photos.
 

Literature

Backer, CA. 1949. Amaranthaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 69-98; idem, 1, 6 (1972) 915-917

Backer, CA. 1949. Chenopodiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 99-106


Fuentes-Bazan, S, P Uotila & T Borsch. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia - Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem 42: 5-24.

Veldkamp, JF. 1971. Alternanthera paronychioides St Hil. (Amaranthaceae) in Indo-Malesia. Blumea 19: 167-169


Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated July 12, 2015