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Amaranthaceae

including Chenopodiaceae

Achyranthes L.

Photos 
 
  1. Achyranthes aspera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 204; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 195; EPFP 2 (1923) 131; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88. Photos.
  2. Achyranthes bidentata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 131; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88.

Aerua =Aerva

Aerva Forssk.

Photos 
  1. Aerva lanata (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 11 (1808) 131; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 130; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 84, f. 5. Photos.
  2. Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 547; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 85. --Aerva scandens Wall., Cat. (1829) 6911, nomen; --Moq. in DC, Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 302; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130. Photos

Allmania R.Br. ex Wight

No Photos
  1. Allmania nodiflora (L.) R Br. [in Wall., Cat. (1832) 6890, nom. nud.] ex Wight in Hook., London J. Bot. 1 (1834) 226, t. 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 74, 593. --Allmania albida R Br. in Wall., Cat. (1832) No. 6981, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127.

Alternanthera Forssk. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 January 2015

Photos
 
  1. Alternanthera bettzickiana (Regel) Nichols, Illust. Dict. Gard. 1 (1884) 59 (‘bettzchiana’); --Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 169. --Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) R.Br. ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 5 (1819) 555, nom. illegit., non A. ficoides P.Beauv., Fl. Oware & Benin (1818). --Alternanthera ficoides var. versicolor (Regel) Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 93; --Alternanthera versicolor Regel, Gartenfl. (1869) 101; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 132. Native of Brazil. Photos
  2. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 537; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 94. --Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Scheygr. Native to tropical America. Photos
  3. Alternanthera paronychioides St. Hil., Voy. Brésil 2, 2 (1833) 43; --Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 167, f. 6-8; --Bakh.f. & Veldk., Addenda & Corr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 916, f. 1.
  4. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. in Goett, Abh. 24 (1879) 36; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1949) 93. Native of Brazil.
  5. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC, Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813) 77; R Br. ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. (1818) 48; Roth in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 5 (1819) 554; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 92, f. 7; op. cit. p. 594. Native of Old World. Photos

Amaranthus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2017

Photos 
  1. Amaranthus blitum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990. Native to the Mediterranean region.
  2. Amaranthus caudatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 76. Native to American tropics. Photos
  3. Amaranthus cruentus Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 1269; --Amaranthus hybridus L. ssp. cruentus (L.) Thell., Fl. Adv. Montpellier (1912) 205. --Amaranthus paniculatus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1406; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128; --Amaranthus hybridus ssp. cruentus var. paniculatus (L.) Thell. in Asch. & Gr. Syn. 5, 1 (1914) 247; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 79. --Amaranthus caudatus Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193, non L. Native to Americas. Photos
  4. Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell., Fl. Adv. Montpellier (1912) 203. Not native. Invasive species (CABI 2017).
  5. Amaranthus hybridus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990. --Amaranthus hybridus ssp. incurvatus (Gren. & Godr.) Brenan, Watsonia 4 (1961) 268. Native to North America. Photos
  6. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 991; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 78. Pantropic ubiquist. Throughout Malesia and the Philippines where it is probably introduced. Weed in open waste lands, roadsides, fields, gardens, etc., gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams, 0-1400 m. Photos .
  7. Amaranthus tricolor L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 989; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 77, f. 2. Native to South America.
  8. Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1405; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193; EPFP 2 (1923) 128. --Amaranthus gracilis Desf., Tabl. Enc. Bot. (1804) 43; --Backer, Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 76. Photos

Celosia L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 July 2017

Photos 
  1. Celosia argentea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190; EPFP 2 (1923) 127; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 73. --Celosia cristata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127; --Celosia argentea var. cristata (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 541. Pantropic ubiquitous weed, wild but non-native, possibly introduced from tropical Africa. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation in the settled areas. Very common along sandy-gravelly river banks, open dry roadsides, fields, gardens, etc. Photos

Chenopodium L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012

Photos
 
  1. Chenopodium acuminatum Willd., Ges. Nat. Fr. Neue Schr. 2 (1799) 124, t. 5, f. 2; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Siberia, China, Japan, Taiwan, Malesia: N Philippines: BATAN. In waste places.
  2. Chenopodium album L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Europe, Continental Asia, Africa, Australia, America. In Malesia: introduced in Java and naturalized in the E part of the island; N Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. A casual weed in temperate vegetable gardens, c. 1300-1400m. Photos .

Cyathula Blume

Photos 
 
  1. Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 549; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 129; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 82, f. 4. Photos

Deeringia R.Br.

Photos 
 
  1. Deeringia amaranthoides (Lam.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amb. (1917) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 71, f. Deeringia baccata Moq. in DC, Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190. Photos .
  2. Deeringia polysperma (Roxb.) Moq., Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; -- Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 72. Deeringia polysperma var. pubescens (Schinz) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Kabaena, Moluccas, New Guinea. BATANES to MINDANAO and PALAWAN. Thickets, light forests, forest edges, low to medium altitudes, ascending to 1800 m in Benguet. Much rarer than D. amaranthoides. Photos.

Digera Forssk.

No Photos
  1. Digera muricata (L.) Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 77, no. 2; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 80, f. 3.

Dysphania R.Br. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2017

No Photos

  1. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants; --Fuentes-Bazan et al. 2012; --Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 189; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Native of the neotropics, introduced in many other regions: Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia. In Malesia naturalized in Java, N Sulawesi, E New Guinea as well as ‘throughout’ the Philippines (although now seem to be common only in Benguet prov. of N LUZON, c. 1400m). Invasive species (CABI 2017).

Gomphrena L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Gomphrena celosioides Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 93; Native of tropical America, introduced in tropical and S Africa, India and Australia. Now widespread in Malesia. Throughout the Philippines. Gregarious mat-forming weed along roadsides, abandoned fields, wastelands, and other similar hot, dry and dusty sites at low altitudes.
  2. Gomphrena globosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 224; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 95, f. 8. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. Introduced long ago in Malesia, either cultivated or semi-naturalized. Throughout the settled areas of the Philippines in cultivation, often occurring as an escape. Lowlands to c.1300 m. Photos (non-Philippines).

 Iresine P.Browne

Photos
  1. Iresine herbstii Hook.f., Gard. Chron. (1864) 654, 1206; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 132; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 97.

Lipandra Moq. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012

No Photos

  1. Lipandra polysperma (L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch, Willdenowia 42 (2012) 14; --Chenopodium polyspermum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 220; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Europe, Continental Asia; elsewhere locally introduced. Merrill, loc. cit., records the plant as a casual weed in the Philippines.

Psilotrichum Blume

Photos
  1. Psilotrichum ferrugineum (Roxb.) Moq. in DC, Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 279; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 90, f. 6. Psilotrichum trichotomum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130.

Pupalia Juss.

Photos
  1. Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 2 (1803) 132; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 129; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 83. --Pupalia atropurpurea (Lam.) Moq. in DC, Prodr. 132 (1849) 331; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193.
 

Literature

Backer, CA. 1949. Amaranthaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 69-98; idem, 1, 6 (1972) 915-917

Backer, CA. 1949. Chenopodiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 99-106


CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Fuentes-Bazan, S, P Uotila & T Borsch. 2012. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia - Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem 42: 5-24.

Veldkamp, JF. 1971. Alternanthera paronychioides St Hil. (Amaranthaceae) in Indo-Malesia. Blumea 19: 167-169


Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 22 July 2017