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Anacardiaceae

Anacardium L. [Not native]

Photos 
  1. Anacardium occidentale L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 383; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 299; EPFP 2 (1923) 469; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 421. Introduced from Tropical America during the Spanish colonial times. Widely cultivated in the tropics for its nut, the cashew. Naturalized throughout the seasonal parts of the Philippines in settled areas at low and medium elevation, often on sandy soils in villages near seacoasts. Cashew. Photos

Buchanania Spreng.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 April 2014

Photos 
  1. Buchanania arborescens (Blume) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 183; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 300; EPFP 2 (1923) 465; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 415; --Coniogeton arborescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17 (1827) 1156; --Type: from Java. --Buchanania platyphylla Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 33; EPFP 2 (1923) 467; --Type: Miranda [Forest. Bur.] 20274 (PNH, holo, lost; US, K, iso), Mindanao: Misamis, Mar-1913. --Buchanania pseudoflorida Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 24; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 467; --Type: Merrill 2061 (NY, iso), Quezon: Tayabas. Tenasserim, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, Taiwan, across Malesia from Sumatra to New Britain, Solomon Isls and NE Australia. Throughout the Philippines, chiefly in lowland forests, along river banks, near beaches, secondary forests, etc. up to 300m. Photos
  2. Buchanania heterophylla K.Schum., Nachtr. Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee (1905) 300; --Type: from New Guinea. --Campnosperma philippinensis Merr., PJS 60 (1936) 31. New Guinea, East Indonesia, Philippines. BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur. Photos
  3. Buchanania insignis Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 184; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 415; --Type: from Borneo. --Buchanania nitida Engl. in DC., Monog. Phan. 4 (1883) 193; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 466; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 418. --Buchanania acuminatissima Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 34; EPFP 2 (1923) 465; --Type: Ramos 10932, Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, 1910. --Buchanania conglomerata Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3679, nom. illeg. no Latin descr.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 467. --Buchanania sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3681, nom. illeg., no Latin descr. Moluccas, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Kalimantan, Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, CATANDUANES, BUCAS GRANDE. Lowland forests generally, up to 400m. Occasionally on limestone. Photos
  4. Buchanania microphylla Engl. in DC., Monog. Phan. 4 (1883) 185; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 466; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 4; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 413; --Type: Cuming 1125 (K, holo; L, iso), Luzon: Albay. Hainan, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, Zambales, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, PALAWAN, PANAY, GUIMARAS, CEBU. In seasonal parts of the archipelago, on dry slopes, thickets and secondary forests at low elevation. Photos

Dracontomelon Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017

Photos
  1. Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 108; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 471; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 470, excl. syn. D. edule, D. lamiyo, & D. brachyphyllum; --Paliurus dao Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 174. --Dracontomelon sylvestre Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 231; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 472. --Dracontomelon mangiferum Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 231. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, S China, scattered throughout Malesia and the Solomon Isls. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato, Agusan, Surigao. Common in primary and secondary forests from near sea-level to 500-1000m. In high rainfall areas, although sometimes with a short dry season. Common name: Dao. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Dracontomelon edule (Blanco) Skeels, US Dept. Agr. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 261 (1912) 52; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 471; --Paliurus edulis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 173. LUZON: Isabela, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, Sorsogon, TABLAS, CEBU, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Common in lowland primary forests, along riverbanks and on hills. This species is widely considered a synonym of Dracontomelon dao, but is considered distinct in the Philippines. It is mostly a smaller tree with larger fruits, and lacks the great sweeping buttresses of Dracontomelon dao. Common name: Lamio.

‘Dracontomelum’ = Dracontomelon 

Koordersiodendron Engl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos 
  1. Koordersiodendron pinnatum (Blanco) Merr., Philip. Bur. For. Bull. 1 (1903) 33; EPFP 2 (1923) 470; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 486. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Lowland forests, rarely up to 450m elevation, on dryland or occasionally inundated areas. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Mangifera L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos 
  1. Mangifera altissima Blanco, Fl. Filip (1837) 181; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 467; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 430. --Mangifera parvifolia auct. non non Boerl. & Koord.; --Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 401; EPFP 2 (1923) 469. Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Alor), Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei, Halmaheira, Seram), New Guinea (scattered in W and N part), S New Britain, Solomon Isls (Guadalcanal). LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Chiefly in lowland primary forests whether inland or sometimes coastal, ascending to 400m. Common. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Mangifera caesia Jack in Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Wall. 2 (1824) 441; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 468; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 438. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Agusan, Surigao. Lowland primary forests, swamp or periodically inundated areas along rivers up to c. 450m. Also in semicultivated state. 
  3. Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 200; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 300; EPFP 2 (1923) 468; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 427. Probably a native of Indo-Myanmar region and widely cultivated throughout the tropics of both hemispheres. Generally planted as a village tree and cultivated commercially in Peninsular Malaysia, Java and the Philippines. Seemingly indigenous or naturalized in India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and some islands of West Malesia. Generally cultivated below 500m. Photos
  4. Mangifera longipes Griff., Notul. 4 (1854) 419; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 468; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 428. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests. Fl./fr. Feb-Nov. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  5. Mangifera merrillii Mukherji, Lloydia 12 (1949) 108. --Mangifera parvifolia auct. non Boerl. & Koord.-Schum.; --Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 401. LUZON: Zambales. Lowland forest. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  6. Mangifera monandra Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 28; EPFP 2 (1923) 468; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 432. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, TICAO, GUIMARAS, LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  7. Mangifera odorata Griff., Notul. 4 (1854) 417; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 468; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 26; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 437. Native country not known, possibly of cultivated (hybrid?) origin, sometimes found in lowland forest in Sumatra, Borneo and Java, but possibly from planted or naturalized trees. Chiefly found in cultivation. BALABAC, JOLO, BASILAN, MINDANAO (Zamboanga). Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Oncocarpus A.Gray = Semecarpus 

Parishia Hook.f.

No Photos
  1. Parishia maingayi Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1876) 30; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 543. --Parishia oblongifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 413; EPFP 2 (1923) 473. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. SIBUYAN, PANAY. Lowland primary forests including ultramafics and inundated riverbanks. 
  2. Parishia malabog Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 281; EPFP 2 (1923) 472; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 545. --Spondias romblonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3683, nom. illeg., no Latin descr. LUZON: Zambales, Quezon, MINDORO, ROMBLON, TABLAS, TICAO, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, SIBUTU. Forested slopes or coastal rocky cliffs.

Phlebochiton Wallich = Spondias

Pistacia L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 August 2012

Photos 
  1. Pistacia chinensis Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor. (1833) 15; Mém. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb. 2 (1835) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 472; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 547. --Pistacia philippinensis Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 (1908) 107. China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. 1350m. Photos

Pleiogynium Engl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Pleiogynium timoriense (A.DC.) Leenh., Blumea 7 (1952) 159; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 474; --Icica timoriensis A.DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 78. --Pleiogynium solandri (Benth.) Engl. in DC., Monog. Phan. 4 (1883) 255; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 472, as ‘solanderi’; --Spondias solandri Benth., Fl. Austral. 1 (1863) 492. Borneo, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Australia (Queensland), Tonga, Cook Is. LUZON: Rizal (one record).

Rhus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 August 2012

Photos
  1. Rhus borneensis Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4 (1894) 142. ?LUZON: Zambales.
  2. Rhus taitensis Guill., Ann. Sc. Nat. 2, 7 (1837) 361; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1953) 473; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 537. E Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, New Britain, Australia (Queensland), Micronesia, Polynesia. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao. Photos

Semecarpus L.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017

Photos 
  1. Semecarpus bunburyanus Gibbs, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 42 (1914) 67; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 512. --Semecarpus subsessilifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 411; EPFP 2 (1923) 475. Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines. PALAWAN, PANAY. Usually at low and medium elevation. 
  2. Semecarpus cuneiformis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 220; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 299; EPFP 2 (1923) 473; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 517. --Semecarpus anacardium Blanco Fl. Filip. (1837) 21, nom. illeg., auct. non L.f. --Semecarpus perrottetii March., Rév. Anac. (1869) 169. --Semecarpus microcarpa Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 55, nom. illeg., auct. non Wall. --Semecarpus pubescens Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 55, nom. illeg., auct. non Thwaites. --Semecarpus sideroxyloides Perk., Frag. Fl. Philip. (1904) 28. --Semecarpus elmeri Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 26; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 473. --Semecarpus taftiana Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 27. --Semecarpus ferruginea Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 412; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474. --Semecarpus megabotrys Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 285; EPFP 2 (1923) 474. --Semecarpus pilosa Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) 287. --Semecarpus merrilliana Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 27; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474. --Semecarpus micrantha Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 27; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474. --Semecarpus obtusifolia Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 286; EPFP 2 (1923) 475. --Semecarpus philippinensis Engl. in DC., Monog. Phan. 4 (1883) 481; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 475. --Semecarpus thyrsoidea Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3179. --Semecarpus whitfordii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 288; EPFP 2 (1923) 475. Taiwan, Philippines, Borneo (Sabah), Sulawesi (and adjacent small islands), Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumbawa). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra, Mountain Province, Benguet, La Union, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, ROMBLON, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Davao. In dry thickets, primary and secondary forest in the lowland, sometimes up to 600-700m, occasionally up to c. 1200m. Photos
  3. Semecarpus densiflorus (Merr.) Steen., PJS 91 (1962) 508; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 516; --Oncocarpus densiflora Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 476. Scatttered in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Sorsogon, SAMAR. Lowland forests, open woods, near the shore, sometimes on limestone. Photos
  4. Semecarpus forstenii Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1850) 188; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 509. Solomon Isls, Bismarck Arch., New Guinea, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO 
  5. Semecarpus glauciphyllus Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1501; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 35; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 518. --Semecarpus acuminatissima Merr., PJS 7 (1912) Bot. 282. --Semecarpus oblongifolius Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 43, nom. illeg., auct. non Thwaites. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Cagayan, Zambales, Quezon, Laguna, SIBUYAN, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan. In forests, sometimes along rivers, up to c. 200m. 
  6. Semecarpus longifolius Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1850) 188; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 507. --Semecarpus euphlebia Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 283; EPFP 2 (1923) 473. --Semecarpus lanceolata Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 284; EPFP 2 (1923) 474. --Semecarpus gigantifolia S.Vidal, Sinopsis (1883) 22; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474. Taiwan (E part), Lanyu, Philippines, Sulawesi, E Java, Timor, Moluccas (Sula Isls, Halmaheira, Buru). LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO (Mindoro Oriental), MINDANAO (Zamboanga peninsula). Lowland forests, sometimes up to 300m. Photos
  7. Semecarpus macrophyllus Merr., Bull. For. Bur. Philipp. 1 (1903) 33; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 36; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 516; --Oncocarpus macrophylla (Merr.) C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 340; EPFP 2 (1923) 475. --Semecarpus surigaensis Merr., PJS 17 (1921) 272; EPFP 2 (1923) 475. SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao. Forests on dryland, along streams at low elevation. Photos
  8. Semecarpus paucinervius Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 286; EPFP 2 (1923) 475; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 36; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 510. --Semecarpus obtusata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1752; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 475. Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. PALAWAN: Mt Pulgar and Mt Victoria. Lowland primary forests, along streambank, 100-225m. Fl. Feb, fr. May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Semecarpus stenophyllus Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 407; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 37; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 507. LUZON: Isabela, SAMAR. Riverbank thickets, 150m. 
  10. Semecarpus trachyphyllus Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 29; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 508; --Oncocarpus trachyphylla (Perkins) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 476. --Semecarpus macrothyrsa Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 26; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 474. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan. Primary lowland forests. 

Doubtful species: 

  1. Semecarpus obovatus (Elmer) Steen., PJS 91 (1962) 508; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 37; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 518; --Oncocarpus obovatus (Elmer) Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 413; EPFP 2 (1923) 476; --Dichapetalum obovatum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 483. “Described from a specimen with one immature fruit from Mt Banahao, Lucban, Tayabas Prov., Luzon (Elmer 7931), later supplemented with a male flowered collection from the type locality (Quisumbing 1346. It cannot be properly placed from the descriptions and no material has been traced”, Ding Hou (1978). 

Spondias L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 July 2017

Photos
 
  1. Spondias dulcis Parkinson, J. Voy. South Seas (1773) 39. --Spondias cytherea Sonn., Voy. Ind. Or. & Chine 3 (1782) 242; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 481. Indo-Malesia. Not native, cultivated in the Philippines and other tropical countries. Lowlands.
  2. Spondias malayana Kosterm., Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 34 (1981) 108; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. PALAWAN: MALAPAKAN IS. (SMHI 825, L, PNH).
  3. Spondias mombin L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 371; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 484. Native of the Neotropics. Not native, widely cultivated in Malesia. Photos
  4. Spondias negrosensis Kosterm., Spondiadeae (Anac.) Asia & Pacific (1991) 28; --Type: Merrill 639, Luzon: Rizal prov., Pasay, Apr-1913 (US, iso). LUZON.
  5. Spondias philippinensis (Elmer) Airy Shaw & Forman, Kew Bull. 21 (1967) 15; --Ding Hou, Blumea 24 (1978) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 485; --Phlebochiton philippinense (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 472; --Solenocarpus philippinensis (Elmer) Kosterm., New & Crit. Malays. Pl. 3 (1955) 1; --Pegia philippinensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3100.
  6. Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz, Prelim. Report. For. & Veg. Pegu (1875) App. A xliv & B 42; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 470; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 483. Indo-Malesia, especially in Java and the Philippines, but difficult to ascertain where it is precisely native because of its wide cultivation and tendency to naturalize. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, CULION, PANAY, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Cotabato, Davao, Agusan. Besides in the cultivated state, found in both primary and secondary forests, clearings, and in dry areas, sometimes on limestone, typically in the lowlands. Photos
  7. Spondias purpurea L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 613; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 301; EPFP 2 (1923) 471. Native of the Neotropics. Not native, now cultivated throughout the tropics. Photos

Swintonia Griffith

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Swintonia acuta Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 1 (1880) 44; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 444. --Swintonia acuminata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 35; EPFP 2 (1923) 469. --Swintonia foxworthyi Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1752; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 469; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 443. Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, Nunukan Is), Sumatra, Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Isabela, Aurora, Camarines, PALAWAN: Mt Pulgar and other sites in Palawan, PANAY. Primary lowland forests, along riverbanks, on coral limestone, ultrabasic rocks. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Swintonia luzoniensis Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 109; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 470. LUZON: Aurora (Baler). Only known from a single tree (J.V. LaFrankie, pers. com. 4-Dec-13). 

Acknowledgements

Jonah van Beijnen kindly provided some of the photos on this web page.


Literature

Barkley, FA. 1942. A key to the genera of Anacardiaceae. Amer. Midl. Nat. 28: 465-474.

Barkley, FA. 1957. Generic key to the sumac family (Anacardiaceae). Lloydia, 20: 255-265.

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Ding Hou. 1978. Anacardiaceae. Flora Malesiana 8: 395-548

Ding Hou. 1978. Florae malesianae praecursores LVI. Anacardiaceae. Blumea. 24: 1-41

Kochummen, KM. 1996. Anacardiaceae in Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 2: 1-93.

Wannan, BS. 2006. Analysis of generic relationships in Anacardiaceae. Blumea 51: 165-195


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 13 October 2017