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Annonaceae

Alphonsea Hook.f. & Thomson

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 December 2016

Photos
  1. Alphonsea javanica Scheff. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 31 (1870) 340. Widespread in Sunda Shelf. Represented by Ramos 36671 (L), Mindanao: Zamboanga, 1919, and Rollet 319 (L), Mindanao, 1971. MINDANAO: Zamboanga.
  2. Alphonsea monogyna Merr. & Chun, Sunyatsenia 2 (1934) 26. China, Philippines? LUZON: Aurora. Possibly represented in the Phillippines by photos by Jay Edneil Olivar & Rudolph Docot. Photos

Anaxagorea St.Hil.

Edited by James V. LaFrankie & Pieter B. Pelser, 20 April 2016

Photos 
  1. Anaxagorea luzonensis A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 27; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 158. Ceylon, Burma, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Indo-China, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Bataan, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Camarines, GUIMARAS, PANAY, MINDORO, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, NEGROS, N. MINDANAO. In forests, chiefly at medium elevation, locally abundant. Photos.
  2. Anaxagorea radiata C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 66, 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 158; --Type: Williams 3018, Jolo. --Polyalthia williamsii C.B.Rob., PJS 3 (1908) Bot. 181; --Type: Williams 2306, Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan Norte, BASILAN, PALAWAN, JOLO.

Annona L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 September 2016

Photos
  1. Annona x atemoya Mabb., Paradisus (1998) 143. Hybrid between Annona cherimola and Annona squamosa.
  2. Annona cherimola Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) 5. Native to tropical America. Photos
  3. Annona glabra L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 537. Native to America and west Africa. Photos
  4. Annona montana Macfad., Fl. Jamaica 1 (1837) 7. --Annona marcgravii Mart., Fl. Bras. 13 (1841) 5. Native to Central and South America, and the Carribean.
  5. Annona muricata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 536; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 207; EPFP 2 (1923) 177. Native to Central America and the Carribean. Photos
  6. Annona reticulata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 537; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 207; EPFP 2 (1923) 177. Native to Central and South America, and the Carribean. Photos
  7. Annona squamosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 537; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 208; EPFP 2 (1923) 177. Native to tropical America. Photos


Artabotrys R.Br.

Photos
  1. Artabotrys cumingiana Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 92; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172.
  2. Artabotrys luteus Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 290; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172. --Artabotrys cumingiana Vidal var. reticulata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1706. LUZON: Quezon, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Forests up to 1100m.  
  3. Artabotrys cagayanensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 384; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172. LUZON: Cagayan. Forested slopes at low elevations. 
  4. Artabotrys corniculatus (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 150; EPFP 2 (1923) 173, under synonymy of A. suaveolens; --J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 258, under A. suaveolens; --Unona corniculata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 469; ed. 2 (1845) 326; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 240. --Artabotrys rolfei Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 39; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 173, under synonymy of A. suaveolens.
  5. Artabotrys monogynus Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 383; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 173; --Type: BS 26826 Edaño. LUZON: Zambales. Lowland forest.
  6. Artabotrys suaveolens Blume, Fl. Jav. Annon. (1828) 62, t. 30; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 173; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 256, f. 12 & 13. India (Assam), Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia to the Moluccas. LUZON: Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO. In dry thickets and in second growth forests at low elevations. Photos
  7. Artabotrys uncinatus (L.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 234; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 206; EPFP 2 (1923) 173. Native of Sri Lanka and S India. Non-naturalized. Occasionally cultivated. LUZON to MINDANAO. 
  8. Artabotrys vidaliana Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1707; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 173; --Type: Elmer 13007. PALAWAN. Low elevation forest, c. 150m.

Invalid Name:

  1.   Artabotrys stolonifera Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3684. no Latin descr. 

Cananga (DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson [Not native]

Photos 
  1. Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1 (1855) 130; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 324; --Canangium odoratum (Lam.) Baill. ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 612 (1892) 41; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 208; EPFP 2 (1923) 158. E tropics from India to N Queensland. Planted in most of the tropics. Throughout the Philippines in cultivation, occurring in some forested areas up to an elevation of 800m. Photos.

Canangium Baill. = Cananga

Cyathocalyx Champ. ex Hook.f. & Thomson

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2012

No Photos
  1. Cyathocalyx globosus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 17; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 174. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Bataan, Rizal, Quezon. In primary forests at low and medium elevations.  

Cyathostemma Griff. = Uvaria

Dasymaschalon (Hook.f. & Thomson) Dalla Torre & Harms

Photos 
  1. Dasymaschalon clusiflorum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 237; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175; --Unona clusiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 1; --Type: Merrill 2521(NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, 11-14-Jun-1903. --Dasymaschalon clusiflorum var. megalanthum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 237; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175; --Type: FB 10686 Curran (L, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Caramoan peninsula, Jun-1908. --Dasymaschalon oblongatum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 237; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175; --Type: Merrill 9703 (L, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, May-1914. BABUYAN ISLS to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Common in forests and thickets at low and medium elevations, sometimes on limestone, ascending to 1300m in the Cordillera Highlands of N Luzon. Photos.

Desmos Lour.

Photos
  1. Desmos chinensis Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 352; --J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 266; --Desmos cochinchinensis Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 158, non Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 352. E Himalayas, S China, Hainan, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines. PALAWAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests. Photos

Drepananthus Maingay ex Hook.f.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2012

No Photos
  1. Drepananthus acuminatus (C.B.Rob.) Surveswaran & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 59 (2010) 1730; --Cyathocalyx acuminatus C.B. Rob. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35 (Feb. 1908) 66–67, 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 173; --Type: RS Williams 2143. --Drepananthus philippinensis Merr. in Philipp. J. Sci., C 3 (July 1908) 137; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175; --Cyathocalyx philippinensis (Merr.) J. Sinclair in Gard. Bull. Singapore 14 (1955) 239. --Drepananthus longiflorus C.B. Rob. in Philipp. J. Sci., C 6 (1911) 201–202. Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, POLILO, SAMAR. Low-medium elevation forests. Photos
  2. Drepananthus apoensis Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 5 (1913) 1708; --Cyathocalyx apoensis (Elmer) J. Sinclair in Gard. Bull. Singapore 14 (1955) 239; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 174. --Drepananthus convocarii Quisumb. in Philipp. J. Sci., C 76 (1944) 196; --Type: BS 84112 Ramos & Convocar, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Asiga River, in damp forest, elevation c. 1000m, 23-Apr-1931. LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong; Asiga River). Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 900m.
  3. Drepananthus crassipetalus (R.J.Wang & R.M.K.Saunders) Surveswaran & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 59 (2010) 1730; --Cyathocalyx crassipetalus R.J. Wang & R.M.K.Saunders in Syst. Bot. 31 (2006) 291; --Type: Dutierin et al. 105 (L 2 sheets, holo; PNH 117088), Samar: Mt. Coneoul, May-1969.
  4. Drepananthus samarensis (R.J.Wang & R.M.K.Saunders) Surveswaran & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 59 (2010) 1731; --Cyathocalyx samarensis R.J. Wang & R.M.K. Saunders in Syst. Bot. 31 (2006) 293–295; --Type: D. Madulid et al. 1457 (L, holo; PNH 118420, annotated "vel 1" isotype L PNH 118420, no annotation), Samar: Bo. Sta Rosa, East Samar, May-1971.

Enicosanthum = Monoon 

Fissistigma Griff.

Photos 
  1. Fissistigma fulgens (Hook.f. & Thomson) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 131; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 353. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines.  
  2. Fissistigma latifolium (Dunal) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 132; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 359. --Fissistigma rufum (C.Presl) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 136; EPFP 2 (1923) 174. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Bataan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, MINDANAO. In forests at low and medium elevations. 

Friesodielsia Steenis

Photos
  1. Friesodielsia auriculata (Elmer) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 358; --Oxymitra auriculata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1725; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175. PANAY, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Lowland and medium elevation forests. 
  2. Friesodielsia bakeri (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 358; --Oxymitra bakeri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 259; EPFP 2 (1923) 175. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Laguna, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, ALABAT, CATANDUANES. Lowland damp forest.  
  3. Friesodielsia glauca (Hook.f. & Thomson) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 358; --Oxymitra glauca Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1 (1855) 146; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: Whitford 1484. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Borneo, C Philippines. NEGROS. Lowland dipterocarp forest. 
  4. Friesodielsia lagunensis (Elmer) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 360; --Oxymitra lagunensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 293; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 176. LUZON: Pangasinan, Bataan, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation forests. 
  5. Friesodielsia lanceolata (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 360; --Oxymitra lanceolata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 260; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: BS 15342 Ramos. LEYTE. Lowland and medium elevation forests. 
  6. Friesodielsia longiflora (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 360; --Oxymitra longiflora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 134; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: Clemens 689. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur. Forests along streams, elevation c. 700m. 
  7. Friesodielsia mindorensis (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 360; --Oxymitra mindorensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 455; EPFP 4 (1925) 248. 
  8. Friesodielsia multinervia (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 360; --Oxymitra multinervia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 388; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: BS 30456 Ramos. CATANDUANES. Lowland forests. 
  9. Friesodielsia obtusifolia (Elmer) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra obtusifolia Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 294; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 176. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). 
  10. Friesodielsia oligophlebia (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra oligophlebia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 250; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: BS 35068 Ramos & Pascasio (US, iso), Bucas Grande: dry forest at low elevation, 10 June 1919. BUCAS GRANDE. Dry forest at low elevation. 
  11. Friesodielsia paucinervia (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra paucinervia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 135; EPFP 2 (1923) 176. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Forest, elevation 700-1200m. 
  12. Friesodielsia philippinensis (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra philippinensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 261; EPFP 2 (1923) 176. LUZON: Cagayan, PALAWAN. Lowland forests. 
  13. Friesodielsia platyphylla (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra platyphylla Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 388; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: FB 26360 Mabesa. LUZON: Laguna. Forests, 400-500m. 
  14. Friesodielsia pubescens (Merr.) Steen., Blumea 12 (1964) 361; --Oxymitra pubescens Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 267; EPFP 2 (1923) 176; --Type: BS 13870 Ramos. Jan-1912. LUZON: Cagayan. Lowland forests.  

Goniothalamus Hook.f. & Thomson

Edited by James V. LaFrankie & Pieter B. Pelser, 18 April 2016

Photos
  1. Goniothalamus amuyon (Blanco) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 264; EPFP 2 (1923) 169. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Batangas, NEGROS, BOHOL, MINDANAO. Forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  2. Goniothalamus catanduanensis Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 39; --Type: BS 75183 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo; NY, iso), Catanduanes: Simamla, low elevation. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Mt Potianai; Agosais), CATANDUANES (Simamla; Dakulangpatag). Along streams and forested slopes, low elevation to 900m. 
  3. Goniothalamus copelandii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 262; EPFP 2 (1923) 169. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forests, c. 900m. 
  4. Goniothalamus dolichopetalus Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 221; EPFP 2 (1923) 170.
  5. Goniothalamus elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 13; EPFP 2 (1923) 170. --Goniothalamus brunneus Merr., PJS C 11 (1916) 9; --Type: Ramos 23680 (K, P, as Goniothalamus oblongipetalus ined.), Sorsogon. Photos
  6. Goniothalamus lancifolius Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 385; EPFP 2 (1923) 170. LUZON: Cagayan, Pangasinan. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  7. Goniothalamus longistylus Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 386; EPFP 2 (1923) 170. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan). Forests at low and medium elevations. 
  8. Goniothalamus mindorensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 453; EPFP 4 (1925) 248. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Bacauan, near Pinamalayan). On forested slopes, c. 700m. 
  9. Goniothalamus obtusifolius Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 9; EPFP 2 (1923) 170. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Bongabong), PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Agusan. Dry forests at low elevations. Photos
  10. Goniothalamus palawanensis C.C.Tang & R.M.K.Saunders, PhytoKeys 32 (2013) 28; --Type: C.C. Tang TCC10 (L, holo; PNH, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Corrigutor, 31-May-2012. PALAWAN. Photos
  11. Goniothalamus panayensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 251; EPFP 2 (1923) 171; --Type: BS 35290 Martelino & Edaño (not seen), Panay: Aklan prov. (formerly part of Capiz prov.), Libacao, in forest, Jun-1919. PANAY: Aklan (Libacao and Mt Salibongbong). Forests at low and medium elevations. Accoring to Merrill, distinctly allied to G. amuyon. 
  12. Goniothalamus philippinensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 135; EPFP 2 (1923) 171.
  13. Goniothalamus puncticulifolius Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 383; EPFP 2 (1923) 171; --Type: BS 39660 Ramos. MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Paluan). Dry forests at low elevations. 
  14. Goniothalamus suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 393; --Type: BS 44350 Ramos & Edaño (NY, iso), Tawi-tawi: Along Malum River near mangrove swamp. TAWI-TAWI. Known only from the type collection.  
  15. Goniothalamus trunciflorus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 10; EPFP 2 (1923) 171; --Type: Whitford 774, Luzon: Quezon prov., Infanta, Tinuan (=Tignoan) River, in hill forest, 120m, 6-Sept-1904. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta). Forests at low elevations. 

Insufficiently known:

  1. Goniothalamus epiphyticus Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1711; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 170. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Terrestrial on forested ridges, and pseudoepiphytic in the mossy forest, 900-1500m. According to Merrill (1923, l.c.), a species of uncertain status of which the flowers are unknown; perhaps not distinct from G. elmeri Merr.  
  2. Goniothalamus sibuyanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 171. SIBUYAN. Forests, c. 300m. Flowers unknown, and thus a species of uncertain status. Apparently allied to G. elmeri Merr. 

Griffithianthus = Neouvaria; Enicosanthum

Haplostichanthus = Polyalthia

Huberantha Chaowasku

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 December 2016

Photos
  1. Huberantha flava (Merr.) I.M.Turner, Webbia 71 (2016) 229; --Polyalthia flava Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 12; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: Ahern’s Collector 2135 (P, lecto; K, NY, US, isolecto), Luzon: Rizal, Bosoboso, Dec-1904. Endemic to the Philippines? LUZON: Bataan, Rizal. In forests at low and medium elevations.
  2. Huberantha jenkinsii (Hook. f. & Thomson) Chaowasku, Kew Bull. 70 (2015) 23; --Polyalthia jenkinsii (Hook.f. & Thomson) Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. Ind. 1 (1872) 64; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 305. --Polyalthia cumingiana Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 71. --Polyalthia agusanensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 250; --Unona agusanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1743; --Type: Elmer 13654, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta. --Polyalthia rumphii sensu Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 162, [non Blume], pro parte, excluding syn. Guatteria canangioides Reichb.f & Zoll. ex Miq. (and others based on this). India (Assam), Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Philippines.
  3. Huberantha palawanensis (Merr.) I.M.Turner, Webbia 71 (2016) 230; --Polyalthia palawanensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 162; --Type: Merrill 9469 (BM, lecto; L, NY, P, isolecto), Palawan: Lake Manguao, dry forested ridges, c. 80m, 27-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines? PALAWAN. Dry forests, low elevations.
  4. Huberantha rumphii (Blume ex Hensch.) Chaowasku, Kew Bull. 70 (2015) 23; --Polyalthia rumphii (Blume) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 162, excluding synonyms of P. jenkinsii, vide supra; --Guatteria rumphii Blume ex Hensch., Vita Rumphii (1833) 153. --Polyalthia glandulosa Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 247; EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: BS 16460 Reillo, Mindanao: Zamboanga del Norte prov., Sta Maria, near Mt Pulongbato, 4-Oct-1912. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Java, Ambon. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation forests. (as P. glandulosa). See also H. jenkinsii.

Maasia Mols, Kessler & Rogstad

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 August 2014

Photos
  1. Maasia glauca Mols, Kessler & Rogstad, Systematic Botany 33 (2008) 493; --Polyalthia glauca (Hassk.) Boerl., Icon. Bogor. 1 (1899) 104; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 321; --Uvaria glauca Hassk., Flora 25 (1842) 31. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Sulawesi, Java, Kei, and New Guinea. LUZON (Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Camarines), MINDORO, SIBUYAN, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. In forests at low and medium elevations. 

Meiogyne Miq.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 December 2016

Photos
  1. Meiogyne cylindrocarpa (Burck) Heusden, Blumea 38 (1994) 495; --Mitrephora cylindrocarpa Burck, Nova Guinea 8 (1911) 433; --Type from New Guinea. --Papualthia mariannae Safford, J. Wash. Acad. Sc. 2 (1912) 459; --Polyalthia mariannae (Safford) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 83; --Guamia mariannae (Saff.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 243; --Type from Marianas Isls. --Alphonsea sessiliflora Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 233; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 165; --Type: Alvarez 22118 (B, lecto; BM, US, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Sabini, Dec-1910; additional specimen: Ramos 13617 (BM), Rizal, c. 1911 (with adjacent collecting number from “Mount Masungi”). Sumatra, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei), the Philippines, Java, Madura, Bali, Nusa Tengara, Timor, Tanimbar Island, New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua); New Hebrides, Guam and Marianas Islands. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Rizal, PALAWAN. In rain forest, on limestone or on red or sandy soil, from sea level up to 1450m elevation. Photos
  2. Meiogyne mindorensis (Merr.) Heusden, Blumea 38 (1994) 501; --Desmos mindorensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 159; --Unona mindorensis Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 273; --Type: Merrill 5568 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Binabay River, Mt Halcon, in forest at 180m. --Desmos palawanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923)159; --Unona palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1742; --Type: Elmer 13125 (holo PNH, lost; L, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Apr-1911, fr. --Desmos elegans Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3070; --Type: Elmer 17649 (holo PNH, lost; L, MO, U, iso, distributed as Papualthia elegans Elmer, nom. illeg., non Desmos elegans (Thwaites) Safford), Luzon: Laguna prov., Los Banos (Mt Makiling), Jun/Jul-1917, fr. --Papualthia irosinensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3689; --Lectotype: Elmer 15884 (NY), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin (Mt Bulusan), on very steep woody slopes of wet stony ground at 1000m, Apr-1916. LUZON, ALABAT, MINDORO PALAWAN, PANAY, ?CEBU (fide Bicknell). In (primary) rain forest, in PALAWAN sometimes on ultrabasic soils, 0-1000m elevation.
  3. Meiogyne virgata (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1865) 12; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 277, f. 17. --Meiogyne lucida Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1714; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172; --Type: Elmer 13984 (PNH, holo, lost; A, F, K, L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Oct. 1912. --Meiogyne philippinensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1714; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172; --Type: Elmer 11318 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, BO, K, L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. --Meiogyne paucinervia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 241; --Type: BS 15381 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; iso in B, BM, K, US), Leyte: near Dagami, in forest, 23-Aug-1912. Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Java and the Philippines. LUZON, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary or secondary rain forest, up to 1300m elevation. 

Mezzetiopsis Ridl. = Orophea

Miliusa Lesch. ex A.DC.

Photos
  1. Miliusa horsfieldii (Benn.) Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. (1881) t. 38; --Mols & Kessler, Blumea 48 (2003) 440, f. 4. --Miliusa arborea (Elmer) J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 378; --Saccopetalum arboreum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1739; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 165; --Type: Elmer 12677 (A, lecto; B, BM, BO, E, G, L, MO NSW, NY, P, U, US, Z, iso). 
  2. Miliusa vidalii J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 378; --Saccopetalum longipes Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 43, non M. longipes King (1893); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 165. --Polyalthia pacifica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3690, invalid name, no Latin descr.

Mitrephora Hook.f. & Thomson

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 February 2014

Photos
  1. Mitrephora basilanensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 251; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: D.P. Miranda FB 20060 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, lecto; BM, L, iso), Sulu Archipelago: near the Barrio of Balobato, Basilan, 4-Oct-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO, BASILAN, PALAWAN. Forest near mangrove. Only known from three old collections (Weerasooriya & Saunders, 2010).
  2. Mitrephora cagayanensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 387; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: M. Adduru 143 (PNH, holo, lost; A, letco), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Penablanca, Jun-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela. In thickets and forests at low elevations. Only known from five collections (Weerasooriya & Saunders, 2010).
  3. Mitrephora fragrans Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 252; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: Merrill 9217 (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; BM, GH, L, NY, SING, iso), Palawan: Taytay, Apr-1913. Borneo and Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests. 
  4. Mitrephora lanotan (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 71; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Uvaria lanotan Blanco, Fl. Filip. (ed. 1) (1827) 464; --Unona latifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip. (ed. 2) (1845) 234, non DC.; --Type: Merrill "Species Blancoanae" 940 (US, photo, neo; A, BM, K, L, MO, NY, isoneo), Luzon: Bataan prov., Jun-1915. --Mitrephora caudata Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 454; EPFP 4 (1925) 248; --Type: FB 29112 Cenabre (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto), Palawan: near Puerto Princesa, Feb-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Apayao, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, POLILLO, MINDORO, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Dry forests at low and medium elevations. Photos.
  5. Mitrephora multifolia Elmer ex Weeras. & R.M.K.Saunders, Systematic Botany Monographs 90 (2010) 86; --Mitrephora multifolia Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3685, invalid name, no Latin descr.; --Type: Elmer 16152 (MO, holo; A, BM, C, GH, K, L, MO, NY-2 sheets, SING, WELC, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin (Mt. Bulusan), May-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan del Norte. Low and medium elevation forests. According to Weerasooriya & Saunders (2010) only known from the type.
  6. Mitrephora pictiflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1718; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 169; --Type: Elmer 13731 [erroneously as 13781 in protologue] (PNH, holo, lost;
    BM, lecto; A, B, C, K, L, NY, iso), Mindanao: Agusan prov., Cabadbaran (Mt. Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, BILIRAN. Forests, c. 750m. Only known from four collections (Weerasooriya & Saunders, 2010).
  7. Mitrephora reflexa Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 10; EPFP 2 (1923) 169; --Type: Ahern's collector FB 2882 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; K, PDA, SING, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso, Mar-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Quezon, Tayabas, Isabela, MINDORO, PANAY: Iloilo, SAMAR, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Surigao, Davao, SIARGAO In forests at low and medium elevations. 
  8. Mitrephora samarensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 253; EPFP 2 (1923) 169; --Type: M. Ramos 1666 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; B, BM, GH, L, MO, SING, iso), Samar: Cauayan Valley, Apr-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, SAMAR. Lowland forest, c. 300m.
  9. Mitrephora sorsogonensis Elmer ex Weerasooriya & R.M.K.Saunders, Systematic Botany Monographs 90 (2010) 113; --Mitrephora sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3687, invalid name, no Latin descr.; --Type: Elmer 17178 (NY, holo; A, B, BM, C, OR, L, MO, NY, U, WELC, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin (Mt. Bulusan), Sep-1916 . Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, Tayabas, Ilocos Norte, Rizal. Secondary forests, 80-1000m.
  10. Mitrephora weberi Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 266; EPFP 2 (1923) 169; --Type: C. M. Weber 1550 (PNH, neo; A, B, BM-2 sheets, K, L, MIN, MO, NY, SING, isoneo), Busuanga: Calamian Islands, Mar-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, BUSUANGA. Lowland forests. 
  11. Mitrephora williamsii C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 68, 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 169; --Type: RS Williams 2188 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; GH, K-2 sheets, NY, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga prov., Sax river, 3-Mar-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, LEYTE, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao. Lowland forests. 

Monoon Miq.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2012, following Xue et al., 2012

Photos
  1. Monoon barnesii (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1030; --Polyalthia barnesii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 15; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 159; --Type: P.T. Barnes Forestry Bureau 596 (holo: PNH, lost; K K00691640, lecto; NY, US, iso), Luzon, Bataan, Lamao River, Mar-1904. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Cagayan, Bataan, MINDORO. In forests at low elevations.
  2. Monoon elongatum (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1031; --Polyalthia elongata Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 222; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: H.N. Whitford & W.I. Hutchinson FB 9456 (holo: PNH, lost; US US00098661, lecto), Mindanao, Zamboanga, Port Banga, alt. 50 m, Feb-1908. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation forests.
  3. Monoon gigantifolium (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1031; --Enicosanthum gigantifolium (Merr.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 277; --Polyalthia gigantifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: F.W. Foxworthy, A. Demesa & A. Villamil FB 13763, Mindanao, Zamboanga,
    near Margosatubig, 11-May-1912. MINDANAO: Zamboanga.
  4. Monoon grandifolium (Elmer) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1031; --Enicosanthum grandifolium (Elmer) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 277; --Polyalthia grandifolia Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 291; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 7358, Leyte, Palo, Jan-1906. --Polyalthia nickersonii Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 5 (1913) 1733-1734. --Polyalthia pinnatinervia Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 5 (1913) 1736-1738. Borneo and the Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan) to MINDANAO and PALAWAN. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  5. Monoon klemmei (Elmer) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1032; --Enicosanthum klemmei (Elmer) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 277; --Polyalthia klemmei Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1735; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 12644 (PNH, holo, possibly losy; NY NY00026207, lecto; BISH , K, L, MO, P, US, iso), Palawan, Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar), Feb-1911. Borneo and the Philippines. N LUZON to MINDANAO and PALAWAN. 
  6. Monoon mindanaense (Elmer) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1033; --Enicosanthum mindanaense (Elmer) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 278; --Polyalthia mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1734; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 11642 (NY NY00026210, lecto; A, BISH BISH500494, K K000691402, MO, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Sep-1909. MINDANAO: Davao.
  7. Monoon oblongifolium (C.B.Rob.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1033; --Polyalthia oblongifolia C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 202; EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --Type: BS 9259 Robinson, Polillo: beach N of Burdeos. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Tayabas, Camarines, POLILLO, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO. In forests at low and medium elevations.
  8. Monoon ramiflorum (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1033; --Polyalthia ramiflora Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 244; EPFP 2 (1923) 162; --Type: FB 5160 Bridges (PNH, holo, lost; K, K000691625, lecto; B, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Sugod Bay, forests from sea level to c. 75m, 6-Aug-1906. LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Sorsogon, SAMAR. In forests at low and medium elevations.
  9. Monoon zamboangaense (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1034; --Polyalthia zamboangaensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 245; EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Type: FB 13276 Foxworthy, de Mesa & Villamil (PNH, holo, lost; US US00098686, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., near Margosatubig, hill forests, c. 120m, 11-May-1912. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation forests.

Neo-uvaria Airy Shaw

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 August 2014

Photos
  1. Neo-uvaria acuminatissima (Miq.) Airy Shaw. Borneo and the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Bataan (Mt Mariveles), Rizal, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Misamis, Cotabato, Davao, Agusan del Norte. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos.
  2. Neo-uvaria merrillii (C.B.Rob.) Chaowasku, Phytotaxa 32 (2011) 34; --Griffithianthus merrillii (C.B.Rob.) WH Brown ex Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 231; --Mitrephora merrillii C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 67; --Type: Merrill 3728 (PNH, holo, destroyed; NY, lecto; BM, P, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan Province, Mt. Mariviles, Jan-1904. --Mitrephora ferruginea Merrill, Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 16, nom. illeg. LUZON: Bataan.
  3. Neo-uvaria viridifolia (Elmer) Chaowasku, Phytotaxa 32 (2011) 35; --Mitrephora viridifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1716; --Type: Elmer 14184 (PNH, holo, destroyed; NY, lecto; BM, BP, DS, E, G, GH, L, NA, P, U, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan Province, Cabadbaran (Mt. Urdaneta), Oct-1912. MINDANAO: Agusan.

Orophea Blume

Photos
  1. Orophea corymbosa (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. i, 2 (1859) 29; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Kessler, Blumea 33 (1988) 42. --Orophea enterocarpoidea Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 93; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 167. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Low elevation forests. 
  2. Orophea creaghii (Ridley) Leonardía & Kessler, Blumea 46 (2001) 149; --Mezzetiopsis creaghii Ridl., Kew Bull. (1912) 389. --Orophea palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1721; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: Elmer 12858 (NY, lecto; BM, BO, G, GH, K, L, P, US, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, densely forested slopes along Balsahan River. 
  3. Orophea cumingiana Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 93, 170; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 166. --Orophea aversa (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 10; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 166. --Orophea bracteolata Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 223; EPFP 2 (1923) 166. --Orophea polyantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 257; EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: Merrill Phil. Pl. 1673. --Orophea submaculata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1723; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: Elmer 13018. --Orophea tarrosae Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 258; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: FB 14927 Tarrosa & Almagro. --Orophea vulcanica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3688. --Orophea williamsii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 259; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: Williams 2311. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon), MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  4. Orophea dolichocarpa Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 479; --Type: BS 43211 (SING, iso), Bohol. BOHOL 
  5. Orophea glabra Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 14; EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Kessler, Blumea 34 (1990) 513. --Orophea samarensis Merr., in sched. --Sageraea parvifolia Merr. & Quisumb., in sched; --Type: WW Clark 1017 (PNH, lost; iso not seen by Kessler). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Apayao, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Quezon (Kinatakutan), Sorsogon, CATANDUANES (Mt Nagmakdit; Simanla; Virac); TICAO (type locality); SAMAR (Kadapnan, Barrio Bantayan). In forests at low elevations. 
  6. Orophea leytensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 181; EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: BS 24468 Ramos. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE, SAMAR. Low elevation damp forests. 
  7. Orophea megalophylla Kessler, Blumea 33 (1988) 52; --Type: BS 36585 Ramos & Edaño (L, holo; BM, GH, K, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tubuan. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation forests. 
  8. Orophea merrillii Kessler, Blumea 33 (1988) 33; --Type: Merrill 9212 (L, holo; A, BM, GH, K, P, iso), Palawan: Taytay. Borneo (Sabah; Sarawak; Kalimantan) and the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Puerto Galera), PALAWAN (Taytay), MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mati). Low elevation forests. 
  9. Orophea sericea Kessler, Blumea 33 (1988) 49. MINDANAO: Surigao. Low elevation forests. 
  10. Orophea wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 356; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: Wenzel 682. LUZON, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Forests, c. 500m. 

Oxymitra Hook.f. & Thomson = Friesodielsia 

Papualthia Diels = Haplostichanthus

Phaeanthus Hook.f. & Thomson

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 April 2016

Photos
  1. Phaeanthus ophthalmicus (Roxb. ex G.Don) J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Singapore 14 (1955) 374; --Uvaria ophthalmica Roxb. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1 (1831) 93; --Type from India. --Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C.Presl) Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 225, 406; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 165; --Uvaria ebracteolata C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. ii. (1835) 77; --Type: Haenke s.n. (PR, holo), Luzon: Sorsogon. --Uvaria tripetala Blanco, Flora de Filipinas ed. 1 (1837) 465; --Unona tripetala (Blanco) Blanco, Flora de Filipinas ed. 2 (1945) 324; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 305 (US, neo; A, BM, K, L, P, UC, W, isoneo), Luzon: Camarines. --Phaeanthus cumingii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. i. II. (1858) 51; --Type: Cuming 525 (L, lecto; BM, K, MEL, MO, P, SING, W, isolecto), Philippines. --Phaeanthus nigrescens Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1728; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 166; --Type: Elmer 13727 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; BM, DS, E, GH, K, L, MO, U, US, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta. --Phaeanthus nitidus Merr., PJS c 11 (1916) 8; --Type: Ramos BS 23477 (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, NY, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Sorsogon. --Phaeanthus pubescens Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 390; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 166; --Type: Ramos BS 27333 (K, lecto; A, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Burgos. India, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS and N LUZON to MINDANAO. Common in forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  2. Phaeanthus villosus Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 391; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 166. PANAY. Damp forests along small streams, low and medium elevation. 

Platymitra Boerlage

No photos
  1. Platymitra arborea (Blanco) Kessler, Blumea 33 (1988) 473; --Alphonsea arborea (Blanco) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 233; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 165; --Mocanera arborea Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 431; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 838 (L, neo; NY, US 2 sheets, isoneo), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, Mar-1915. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, MASBATE, TICAO, CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation forests. 

Polyalthia Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 December 2016

Photos
  1. Polyalthia dolichophylla Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 391; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 159. Borneo. PANAY. Forests along small streams at low elevations. 
  2. Polyalthia elmeri Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 160. PALAWAN. Thin forests near the seashore. 
  3. Polyalthia gracilipes Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 248; EPFP 2 (1923) 160; --Type: BS 20792 Escritor. Luzon: Quezon prov., Quinatacutan, Mar-1913. LUZON: Quezon. Low elevation forests. 
  4. Polyalthia insignis (Hook.f.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 279. --Unona miniata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1740. PANAY. Photos
  5. Polyalthia lanceolata Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 170; --Haplostichanthus lanceolata (Vidal) Heusden, Blumea 39 (1994) 226; --Papualthia lanceolata (Vidal) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Type: Cuming 450 (K, holo; G, L 2 sheets, MO, NY fragm., iso). --Papualthia bakeri Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3069; --Type: Elmer 17775 (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, F, G, K, L, MO, NY, U, US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling. --Papualthia boholensis Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 479; --Type: BS 43095 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, G, US, iso), Bohol: Valencia, damp forest, alt. 300- 600m. --Papualthia loheri (Merr.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Polyalthia loheri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 268; --Type: FB 18437 (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Luzon: Culasing Mt, in dipterocarp forest. --Polyalthia loheri Merr. var. cagayanensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 269; --Type: BS 13948 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; L, lecto; B, G, K, NY, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta). --Papualthia longipes Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 323; --Type: BS 45281 Ramos & Edano (holo PNH, lost; NY, lecto), Luzon: Aurora prov., Casiguran (Cabulig River), in damp forest at low elevations. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Laguna (Mt Makiling), Batangas, Sorsogon, POLILLO, ALABAT, CATANDUANES, ROMBLON, BOHOL (Valencia), LEYTE, SAMAR, SIARGAO, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). In primary forest, up to 600m elevation. --Papualthia reticulata (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 164;--Polyalthia reticulata Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 292; --Type: Elmer 7272 (holo PNH, lost; NY, lecto), Leyte: Palo. --Papualthia samarensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1916) Bot. 180; EPFP 2 (1923) 164; --Type: BS 24180 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, US, iso), Samar: Catubig River at Camaniwan, in damp forest at low elevations. --Papualthia sympetala (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 242; EPFP 2 (1923) 164; --Unona sympetala C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 203; --Type: BS 10352 MacGregor (PNH, holo, lost; B, lecto), Polillo. POLILLO. Photos
  6. Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook.f. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1 (1872) 62. Cultivated. Native in India and Sri Lanka. Often planted here as a shade tree. Photos
  7. Polyalthia lucida Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 249; EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --Type: BS 13338 Ramos, Luzon: Quezon prov., Tagkawayan, in forests, c. 100m, 15-Mar-1911. LUZON: Quezon, ALABAT, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation forests.
  8. Polyalthia luzonensis (Merr.) B.Xue & R.M.K.Saunders, Taxon 61 (2012) 1035; --Haplostichanthus heteropetala (Merr.) Heusden, Blumea 39 (1994) 224; --Papualthia heteropetala Merr., PJS 14 c (1919) Bot. 389; EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Type: BS 32853 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Burgos. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, S Luzon and Bicol. In dry forests at low elevation; on riverbank in forest.  
  9. Polyalthia mindorensis Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --Phaeanthus acuminatus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 11; PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 273, non Polyalthia acuminata Thwaites. MINDORO. Low elevation forests. 
  10. Polyalthia obliqua Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1 (1855) 138; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 161; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 290. India, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi and the Philippines. PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 450m. 
  11. Polyalthia rubra (Merr.) Tien Ban, Bot. Zhurn. 59 (1974) 1779; --Desmos rubra (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 159; --Unona rubra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 224; --Type: BS 480 Mangubat (NY, US, iso), Balabac. In forest, 1-Mar-1908. BALABAC. Low elevation forests. 
  12. Polyalthia suberosa (Roxb.) Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 398; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 209; EPFP 2 (1923) 162; --J Sincl., Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 298. S India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Hainan, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan to Laguna, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Rather common in lowland and medium elevation thickets. 
  13. Polyalthia venosa Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 222; EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Type: FB 9108 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, isosyn; FB 9232 Whitford & Hutchinson, syntype). Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, in dipterocarp forest, alt. 15-30m, Dec-1907. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, Misamis Occidental. Low elevation forests. 
  14. Polyalthia williamsii C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 181; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 163; --Type: RS Williams 2306 (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 14-Feb-1905. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation dipterocarp forests. 

Possible ined. names 

  1. Polyalthia pubescens Merr., This name is not in IPNI. MS name?
  2. Polyalthia ramosii Merr., mere MS name? See type image from NY, BS 1660 Ramos, SAMAR, Apr-1914 

Popowia Endl.

Photos
  1. Popowia lanceolata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 252; EPFP 2 (1923) 164; --Type: BS 35186 Ramos & Pascasio (L, US, iso), Dinagat Island, low elevation forest, 12-May-1919. DINAGAT. Low elevation forests. Perhaps not specifically distinct from the next entry. 
  2. Popowia pisocarpa (Blume) Endl. in Walp., Repert. 1 (1842) 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 164; --Type from Java. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation forests. 

Pseuduvaria Miq.

Edited by James V. LaFrankie & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 June 2016

Photos
  1. Pseuduvaria luzoniensis (Merr.) Y.C.F.Su & R.M.K.Saunders, Blumea 46 (2001) 590; --Orophea luzonensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 224; EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: T.E. Borden FBN 2389 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; E, K, SING, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Lamao River, Jan-1905. --Orophea maculata Merr. non Scort. ex King, Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 35 (1906) 11. --Pseuduvaria grandiflora Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 392; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: Ramos BS 27514 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; A, BM, L, P, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Bangui, 9-Mar-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan. Low and medium elevation forests. Conservation status 2006: VU B1ab(iii). Photos.
  2. Pseuduvaria macgregorii Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 392; --Type: BS 43714 McGregor (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; UC, iso), Samar: Western Samar prov., Loquilocon, apparently in primary forest, c. 250m, Jun-1924. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Western Samar (Loquilocon). Conservation status 2006: EN B1ab(iv).
  3. Pseuduvaria mindorensis Y.C.F.Su & R.M.K.Saunders, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 79 (2006) 117; --Type: M.Ramos BSN 46374 (BM, holo; NY, iso), Mindoro: Puerto Galera, Nov/Dec-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, MINDANAO: Agusan. Dry deciduous forests and secondary growth. Conservation status 2006: VU D2.
  4. Pseuduvaria pamattonis (Miq.) Y.C.F.Su & R.M.K.Saunders, Blumea 46 (2001) 591; --Orophea pamattonis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. i. II (1865) 24; --Type from Borneo. Borneo and Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary lowland to upper montane mixed dipterocarp forest, on limestone and clay soils, 70-670m. Conservation status 2006: LC.
  5. Pseuduvaria philippinensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 256; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: FB 20182 Aguilar (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Hinabaan, 22-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon, PALAWAN, SAMAR. In forests at low and medium elevations. Conservation status 2006: CR A1(d).
  6. Pseuduvaria unguiculata (Elmer) Y.C. F.Su & R.M.K. Saunders; --Orophea unguiculata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1724; --Type: Elmer 13286 (PNH, holo, lost; B, lecto; BM, BO, E, K, L, NY, P, U, iso), Mindanao: Agusan prov., Cabadbaran (Mt. Urdaneta), Jul-1912. --Mitrephora ellipanthoides Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1715; --Orophea ellipanthoides (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 167; --Type: Elmer 13987 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, lecto; B, BM, BO, C, L, NY, U-photo, iso), Mindanao: Agusan prov., Cabadbaran (Mt. Urdaneta), Oct-1912. --Pseuduvaria caudata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 251; EPFP 2 (1923) 168; --Type: BS 25533 Cenabre (PNH, holo, lost; P, lecto; K, US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Sipocot, forested slopes, c. 80m, 15-May-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Sipocot), SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan. Low elevation primary forest. Conservation status 2006: CR A1(d).

Uncertain taxa:

  1. Pseuduvaria unonifolia (Elmer) ined.; --Hydnocarpus unonifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1779; --Type: Elmer 12936. Various duplicate types bear dets from Sinclair and Sleumer that this is an Annonaceae, probably a Pseuduvaria (J.V. LaFrankie, 4-Jun-16).

Saccopetalum Benn. = Miliusa

Sageraea Dalz

No photos
  1. Sageraea glabra Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 155. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Tayabas, Camarines, POLILLO, PANAY, BILIRAN, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Forests at low and medium elevations.

    Sphaerocoryne Scheff. ex Ridl.

Edited by James V. LaFrankie & Pieter B. Pelser, 20 April 2016

No photos
  1. Sphaerocoryne affinis (Teijsm. & Binn.) Ridl. J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 75 (1917) 8. --Dasymaschalon scandens Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 238; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 175; --Type: Merrill 9277, Palawan: Taytay-Bantolan trail, forested slopes, c. 150m, May-1913. PALAWAN (Taytay; Puerto Princesa). Low and medium elevation forests. 

Uvaria L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 August 2014

Photos
  1. Uvaria alba Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 155. LUZON: Apayao, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan. Low and medium elevation forests.
  2. Uvaria cordata (Dunal) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (1931) 4. 1931; --Guatteria cordata Dunal, Monogr. Anonac. (1817) 129, fig. 30. Widespread from India to New Guinea, Philippines.
  3. Uvaria elliptifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 229; EPFP 2 (1923) 155; --Type: BS 18878 McGregor (L, US, iso), Biliran: forests, alt. c. 300m, Jun-1914. LUZON: Sorsogon, BILIRAN, LEYTE. Low and medium elevation forests. 
  4. Uvaria glabra Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 162; --Cyathostemma glabrum (Span.) Jessup ex Utteridge, Blumea 45 (2000) 385. N Australia and Malesia: Timor; Philippines. PALAWAN.
  5. Uvaria goloensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 456; EPFP 4 (1925) 248. 
  6. Uvaria grandiflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 665; --J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 202; --Type from Sumatra. --Uvaria rubra C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 68, 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 156; --Type: R.S. Williams 3042 (NY, holo), Mindanao: Davao, Sanata Cruz, 29-Jun-1905. --Uvaria purpurea Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 11; --Merr. EPFP 2 (1923) 156; --Type from Java. Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java and the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Cavite, PALAWAN, Mindanao. Low and medium elevation thickets. Photos
  7. Uvaria lancifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 155; --Type: Gates 5495, Luzon: Zambales prov., San Antonio, Jan-1913. LUZON: Zambales, Tayabas, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests. 
  8. Uvaria littoralis (Blume) Blume, Fl. Javae (Annonaceae) 1 (1830) 26, fig. 7; --Unona littoralis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1825) 16; --Type from Java. --Uvaria sorzogonensis C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 76; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 157. Borneo, Java, Philippines. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Low to medium elevation thickets and forests. 
  9. Uvaria lurida Hook.f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1 (1855) 101; --Type from India. --Uvaria stellata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 14; EPFP 2 (1923) 157. --Uvaria nudistellata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1746; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 156; --Type: Elmer 13015 (PNH, holo, destroyed; A, BM, BO, BP, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princessa (Mt. Pulgar), Apr-1911. --Uvaria leytensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 230; EPFP 2 (1923) 155; --Unona leytensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1744; --Type: Elmer 13880 (L, NY), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Australia, Borneo, India, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna,  LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan del Norte, PALAWAN.
  10. Uvaria macgregorii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 394; EPFP 2 (1923) 155. PANAY, MINDANAO: Misamis. Low elevation thickets.
  11. Uvaria micrantha (A.DC) Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 1 (1855) 103; --EPFP 2 (1923) 155; --Cyathostemma micranthum (A.DC) J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 225; --Type from Myanmar. Myanmar and the Andaman Isls through Malesia into N Australia, Philippines: LUZON: Batangas, Sorsogon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Puerto Galera), PALAWAN (Taytay), PANAY. Low elevation thickets and open forests, on or near the seashore.
  12. Uvaria musaria (Dunal) A DC, Mém. Annon. (1832) 29; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 156. Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines. Forested slopes at low elevations. 
  13. Uvaria panayensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 394; EPFP 2 (1923) 156. PANAY. Low and medium elevation forests along small streams. 
  14. Uvaria peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3691. 
  15. Uvaria rufa Blume, Fl. Jav. Annon. (1828) 19, t. 4; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 206; EPFP 2 (1923) 156; --J Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 14 (1955) 211. Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, the Philippines and New Guinea. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets. Photos
  16. Uvaria scandens C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 69, 74; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 157. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Laguna, POLILLO, BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan. Low and medium elevation forests.
  17. Uvaria valderramensis Cabuang, Exconde & Alejandro, Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 6 (2012) 7; --Type: Cabuang, Exconde & Lemana VI011 (USTH, holo; PNH, USTH, iso), Panay: Antique prov. Valderrama, Brgy. Bugnay, 14-May-2011. Endemic to Philippines. PANAY.
  18. Uvaria zschokkei Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 292; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 157. LUZON: Tayabas, Sorsogon, MINDORO, BILIRAN, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Low and medium elevation forests. 

Xylopia L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 April 2016

Photos
  1. Xylopia dehiscens (Blanco) Merr., Philip. Bur. Forest. Bull. 1 (1903) 20; EPFP 2 (1923) 171. Indonesia, Philippines. N LUZON (Cagayan) to MINDANAO. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  2. Xylopia densifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1915) 1749; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 172. Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, MINDORO, SIBUYAN. In forests at low and medium elevations. Photos
  3. Xylopia ferruginea (Hook.f. & Thomson) Hook.f. & Thomson; --Rojo, FORPRIDE Digest 4 (1975) 26-35; Rev. Lex. Philip. Trees (1999) 22.
  4. Xylopia sumatrana (Miq.) D.M.Johnson & N.A.Murray, Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67 (2015) 361; --Unona sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste bijv. 3 (1861) 377. Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur.

Dubious species:

  1. Papualthia tenuipes (Merr.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 243; EPFP 2 (1923) 164; --Polyalthia tenuipes Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 269; --Type: BS 13472 Foxworthy & Ramos (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Quezon prov., Kabibihan. In forest at low elevations, non Polyalthia tenuipes Merr. (1922) from Borneo. LUZON: Quezon. In forests at low and medium elevations. No material identified as this species nor its type could be traced by Heusden. 

Literature

Airy-Shaw, HK. 1939. Additions to the Flora of Borneo and Other Malay Islands: XII. The Annonaceae of the Oxford University Expedition to Sarawak, 1932. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Gardens, Kew) 1939: 275-290.

Attanayake, AMAS. 2010. Systematics of Uvaria (Annonaceae) in Borneo and the reproductive biology of a Sri Lankan endemic, Uvaria semecarpifolia. PhD thesis, University of Hong Kong

Cabuang, PGD, BS Exconde, VIM Lim, DKM Padilla, SR Salas, APG Macabeo, BOC Lemana & GJD Alejandro. 2012. Morphological and molecular identification of a novel species of Uvaria (Annonaceae) with potential medicinal properties. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 6: 1-16.

Chaowasku, T, PJA Kessler, S Punnadee & RWJM van der Ham. 2011. Taxonomic novelties and pollen morphological studie in the genus Neo-uvaria (Annonaceae). Phytotaxa 32: 27-42

Chaowasku, T, DM Johnson, RWJM van der Ham & LW Chatrou. 2015. Huberantha, a replacement name for Hubera (Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae). Kew Bulletin 70: 23.

Couvreur, TLP, PJM Maas, S Meinke, DM Johnson, PJA Kessler. 2012. Keys to the genera of Annonaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 74-83.

Erkens, RHJ, EA Mennega, LYT Westra. 2012. A concise bibliographic overview of Annonaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 41-73.

Guo, X, PH Hoekstra, CC Tang, DC Thomas, JJ Wieringa, LW Chatrou & RMK Saunders. 2017. Cutting up the climbers: Evidence for extensive polyphyly in Friesodielsia (Annonaceae) necessitates generic realignment across the tribe Uvarieae. Taxon 66: 3-19.

Heusden, ECH van. 1992. Flowers of Annonaceae: morphology, classification, and evolution. Blumea 37: 1-218


Heusden, ECH van. 1994. Revision of Haplostichanthus. Blumea 39: 215-234

Heusden, ECH van. 1994. Revision of Meiogyne (Annonaceae). Blumea 38: 487-511

Heusden, ECH. van 1997. Revision of the southeast Asian genus Sageraea (Annonaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 17: 39-54.

Johnson, DM & NA Murray. 2015. A contribution to the systematics of Xylopia (Annonaceae) in Southeast Asia.
Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67: 361-386

Kessler, PJA. 1988. Revision of the genus Orophea (Annonaceae). Blumea 33: 1-80


Kessler, PJA. 1988. Studies on the tribe Saccopetaleae (Annonaceae) I. Revision of the genus Platymitra Boerlage. Blumea 33: 471-476

Kessler, PJA. 1990. Studies on the tribe Saccopetaleae (Annonaceae) II. Additions to the genus Orophea Blume. Blumea 34: 505-516
 
Koek-Noorman, J, LYT Westra & PJM Maas. 1985. Studies in Annonaceae. XIII. The role of morphological characters in subsequent classifications of Annonaceae: A comparative survey. Miscellaneous publications of the University of Utrecht Herbarium 2: 16-32


Koek-Noorman, J & W Berendsen. 1985. Studies in Annonaceae. III. The leaf indument in Anaxagorea. Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 543III: 39-45

Leonardía, AAP & PJA Kessler. 2001. Additions to Orophea subgenus Sphaerocarpon (Annonaceae): revision and transfer of Mezzettiopsis. Blumea 46: 141-163

Maas, PJM & LYT Westra. 1985. Studies in Annonaceae. II. A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A.St.Hil. Part 1. Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 543II: 73-134

Maas, PJM & LYT Westra. 1985. Studies in Annonaceae. II. A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A.St.Hil. Part 2. Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 543II: 73-204

Mols, JB & PJA Keßler. 2000. Revision of the genus Phaeanthus (Annonaceae). Blumea 45: 205-233

Mols, JB & PJA Ke
ßler. 2003. The genus Miliusa (Annonaceae) in the Austro-Malesian area. Blumea 48: 421-462

Mols, JB & PJA Keßler. 2004. The genus Miliusa in the Austro-Malesian area (Annonaceae), a rectification. Blumea 49: 350

Mols, JB, PJA Keßler, SH Rogstad & RMK Saunders. 2008. Reassignment of six Polyaltia species to the new genus Maasia (Annonaceae): molecular and morphological congruence. Systematic Botany 33: 490-494.

Steenis, CGGJ van. 1964. An account of the genera Richella A.Gray and Oxymitra (Bl.) Hook.f. & Th. (Annonaceae). Blumea 12: 353-361


Su, YCF & RMK Saunders. 2001. New nomenclatural combinations in Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). Blumea 46: 589-593

Su, YCF & RMK Saunders. 2006. Monograph of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 79: 1-204 + pl. 1-3.

Surveswaran, S, RJ Wang, YCF Su, RMK Saunders. 2010. Generic delimitation and historical biogeography in the early-divergent 'ambavioid' lineage of Annonaceae: Cananga, Cyathocalyx and Drepananthus. Taxon 59: 1721-1734.

Tang, CC, B Xue & R Saunders. 2013. A new species of Goniothalamus (Annonaceae) from Palawan, and a new nomenclatural combination in the genus from Fiji. PhytoKeys 32: 27-35

Turner IM. 2016. New combinations and new synonyms in Asian Annonaceae with a bibliographical note. Webbia 71: 229-232.

Turner, IM & JF Veldkamp. 2011.
William Roxburgh’s eye plant and its relevance in the nomenclature of Phaeanthus (Annonaceae). Kew Bulletin 66: 571-579.

Utteridge, TMA. 2000. Revision of the genus Cyathostemma (Annonaceae). Blumea 45: 377-396

Wang, RJ, RMK Saunders. 2006. The genus Cyathocalyx (Annonaceae) in the Philippines. Systematic Botany 31: 285-297.

Weerasooriya, AD & RMK Saunders. 2010. Monograph of Mitrephora (Annonaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 90. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The American Society of Plant Taxonomists, 167 pp.

Xue, B, YCF Su, DC Thomas, RMK Saunders. 2012. Pruning the polyphyletic genus Polyalthia (Annonaceae) and resurrecting the genus Monoon. Taxon 61: 1021-1039.

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Last updated 19 March 2017