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Begoniaceae

Begonia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Begonia acclivis Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 67(1) (2010) 125; --Type: Pipoly & Romero et al. PPI38054 (holo BRIT), Palawan: District of Tindogan, Mantalingajan Mt. Range, Mt. Gantung, 19-Aug-1996. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On ultramafic soils. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Begonia acuminatissima Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 395; EPFP 3 (1923) 119. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), BALUT. Lowland primary forests and stream embankments up to 400m. Photos
  3. Begonia aequata A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 658; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 119. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling). In primary forests, 400-1000m, climbing on tree trunks. Locally common. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Begonia affinis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 119. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Damp forests, c. 900m.
  5. Begonia agusanensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 377; EPFP 3 (1923) 119; --Type: BS 7312 Merrill (US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Agusan River. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon. Along small streams in lowland primary forests.
  6. Begonia alba Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 19963 McGregor (US, iso), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Feb-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Probably in forests above 1000m.
  7. Begonia alvarezii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 377; EPFP 3 (1923) 120. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Quezon. Low and medium elevation forest stream embankments.
  8. Begonia androturba Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66 (2009) 206. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Begonia angilogensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 477; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 40777 Ramos (US), Luzon: Rizal, Mt Angilog. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Mt Angilog). Forested slopes, 1200m.
  10. Begonia anisoptera Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 5482 Merrill (NY, iso; US, isosyn), Mindanao: Zamboanga prov., 10-Oct-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Semi-shaded cliffs and boulders in low elevation forests.
  11. Begonia apayaoensis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 39; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 28403 Fenix (PNH, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Apayao prov., Mt. Sulu, 22-May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao. Rocky shaded slopes, c. 1000m. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11).
  12. Begonia biliranensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 18822 McGregor (US, iso), Biliran, Jun-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, SAMAR. Epilithic in low and medium elevation forests.
  13. Begonia binuangensis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 40; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 28813 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt. Binuang, 11-May-1917. --Begonia hemicardia Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 120, nom. nud. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), PANAY. Climbing on tree trunks in primary forests at medium elevation. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos
  14. Begonia blancii M.Hughes & C.I Peng, Bot. Stud. (Taipei) 52 (2011) 204; --Type: P. Blanc & R.R. Rubite 09-201 (PNH, holo; E, SING, iso), Palawan: En route to Bulalakaw Falls, about 25 km east of El Nido, 300-400m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On small boulders in the shade of primary forest. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  15. Begonia bolsteri Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 387; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: Bolster 310 (US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Apr-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao. Along streams in primary lowland forests. Photos
  16. Begonia brevipes Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 378; --Type: BS 7431 Ramos (PNH, lecto, K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Mar-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, MINDANAO: Lanao. Lowland forests. Note by Pelser (27-Aug-14): according to Rubite (2013), this species is endemic to Cagayan Province. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11). Photos
  17. Begonia calcicola Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 400; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 7062 Merrill (US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Jan-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Batangas. Cliffs at low elevation. Photos
  18. Begonia casiguranensis Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 172; --Type: BS 45277 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo; B, BM, NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Casiguran, Cabulig River, 28-May-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Casiguran, Cabulig River). Along streams in open places at low elevation. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  19. Begonia castilloi Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 38; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 22723 Castillo (US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Apr/May-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Streamside cliffs, c. 100m. Photos
  20. Begonia caudata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 41; EPFP 3 (1923) 120; --Type: BS 28414 Fenix (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Apayao prov., Mt. Sulu, May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao. Rocky forested slopes, climbing on trees.
  21. Begonia chingipengii Rubite, Phytotaxa 164 (2014) 177; --Type: C.-I Peng, C.-I Huang, Rubite & J.R.C. Callado 23368 (PNH, holo; CAS, E, HAST, HUH, MO, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Gabaldon, Barangay Malinao, Maplud River, ca. 415m, 25-Oct-2011. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  22. Begonia chloroneura P.Wilkie & Sands, New Plantsman 6 (1999) 132. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Photos
  23. Begonia ciliifera Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 376; EPFP 3 (1923) 121; --Type: FB 9318 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, Jan/Feb-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Damp shaded ravines up to 400m.
  24. Begonia cleopatrae Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 67 (2010) 128; --Type: P. Wilkie, M. Mendum, G.C.G. Argent, Q. Cronk, D.J. Middleton, R. Fuentes & R.V. Chavez 25373 (holo E), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 19-Jan-1998. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  25. Begonia collisiae Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 424; EPFP 3 (1923) 121; --Type: BS 31469 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Panay: Aklan prov. (formerly part of Capiz prov.), Libacao, Apr/May-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Aklan. Forested stream embankment, c. 100m. Photos
  26. Begonia colorata Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 51; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121. Endemic to the Philippines.
  27. Begonia contracta Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 54; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121; --Type: Warburg 13085 (B, holo), Luzon: Tayabas, Sampaloc, Feb-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Quezon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, NEGROS, SAMAR. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos
  28. Begonia copelandii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 401; EPFP 3 (1923) 121. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  29. Begonia coronensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 480; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 41164 Ramos (P, lecto; BO, L, US, isolecto), Coron Island, 17-Sep-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. CORON, CULION. Lowland forests on limestone, on rocks and ledges along small streams. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  30. Begonia crispipila Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 737; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121; --Type: Elmer 8687 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, Mar-1907. Endemic to the Philippines.
  31. Begonia culasiensis C.I Peng, Rubite, C.W.Lin & K.F.Chung, Botanical Studies 58 (2017) 28; --Type: C.-I Peng 23759, with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang & R.R. Rubite (PNH, holo; HAST, iso), Panay: Antique Prov., Culasi, Brgy. Buenavista, Kipot Falls, c. 50m, 18-Jun-2012. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Conservation status: Vulnerable D2 (Peng et al. 2017).
  32. Begonia cumingiana (Klotz.) DC., Prodr. 151 (1864) 320; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121; --Type: Cuming 856 (K, lecto; B, BM, E, FI, K, P, isolecto), Luzon: Albay. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, Sorsogon. Conservation status: Vulnerable (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11).
  33. Begonia cumingii A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 658; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121. --Begonia philippinensis A.DC., Prodromus 15 (1864) 320; --Type: Cuming 1897 (K, lecto; FI, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas, Mt. Banahaw, 1811. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos
  34. Begonia dolichotricha Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 292; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: BS 33926 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Mt. Bagacay, Nov/Dec-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur.
  35. Begonia edanoi Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 314; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: BS 29374 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt. Susong-Dalaga, Aug-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Primary forests at medium elevation, climbing on trees.
  36. Begonia elatostematoides Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 309; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: BS 8232 Merrill (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga prov., Nov/Dec-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Damp shaded ravines and forested slopes, 800-1000m.
  37. Begonia elmeri Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 39; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Begonia peltata Elmer, LPB  7 (1915) 2556, nom. illeg., auct. non A.DC.; --Type: Elmer 14183. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Cliffs in shaded ravines, c. 1050m. Photos
  38. Begonia esculenta Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: BS 9449 C.B.Rob. (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Infanta, Aug-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Mossy forests, c. 800m. Photos
  39. Begonia everettii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 122. Endemic to the Philippines.
  40. Begonia fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 376; EPFP 3 (1923) 122. Endemic to the Philippines.
  41. Begonia fenicis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 421; EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: BS 3619 Fenix (US, isosyn), Batanes: May/June-1907. S Ryukyus, Taiwan (Lanyu), Philippines. BATAN and BABUYAN ISLS. Photos
  42. Begonia georgei Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66 (2009) 209. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  43. Begonia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 738; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 122; --Type: Elmer 12368 (US, NY, iso), Sibuyan: Mt. Guiting-guiting, Apr-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting). Shaded ravines along small streams, c. 525m.
  44. Begonia gracilipes Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 405; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: BS 7395 Ramos (PNH, lecto; B, K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Claveria, 13-Mar-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, CATANDUANES. Climbing on trees in damp primary forests at low elevation. Note by Pelser (27-Aug-14): only known from Cagayan according to Rubite (2013). Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11).
  45. Begonia gutierrezii Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 67(1) (2010) 131; --Type: H. Gutierrez & R.A. Espiritu PNH80739 (PNH, holo), Palawan: Lipuun Point, May/Jun-1963. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  46. Begonia halconensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: Merrill 5515 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt. Halcon, Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Photos
  47. Begonia hernandioides Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: BS 7393 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Mar-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Tayabas. On cliffs and bowlers in shaded ravines at low or medium elevation. Photos
  48. Begonia hirtella Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2 (1822) 296. Naturalized in the Philippines. Photos
  49. Begonia hughesii Rubite & C.I Peng, Botanical Studies 56 (2015) 19; --Type: C.-I Peng 23466, with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang, R.R. Rubite (PNH, holo; HAST, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa City, Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, c. 5m, 2-Nov-2011. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite et al. 2015). Photos
  50. Begonia incisa DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iv, 11 (1859) 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 123. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, PANAY. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos
  51. Begonia isabelensis Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 173; --Type: BS 47207 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., San Mariano, 14-Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (San Mariano). On rocks along forested streams, c. 400m. Photos
  52. Begonia jagorii Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 54; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 123. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, MINDORO. In primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  53. Begonia klemmei Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: FB 5677 Klemme (US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Prov. (prev. Lepanto), Oct/Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Prov.
  54. Begonia lacera Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 49; EPFP 3 (1923) 123. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Low elevation primary forests.
  55. Begonia lagunensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 735; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: Elmer 9327 (PNH, lecto, BM, E, L, US, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO. Note by Pelser (27-Aug-14): according to Rubite (2013) endemic to Luzon. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Rubite 2013). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  56. Begonia lancifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 48; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: BS 16162 Reillo. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Low elevation primary forests.
  57. Begonia lancilimba Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 424; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: BS 32232 McGregor (US, iso), Panay: Antique prov., May/Aug-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY.
  58. Begonia latistipula Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 51; EPFP 3 (1923) 123; --Type: BS 15367 Ramos (US, iso), Leyte: Dagami, Aug-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Photos
  59. Begonia leptantha C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 211; EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines.
  60. Begonia leucosticta Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  61. Begonia littleri Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 379; EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines.
  62. Begonia loheri Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  63. Begonia longibractea Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 293; EPFP 3 (1923) 124, as ‘longibracteata’; --Type: BS 34870 Ramos & Pascasio (US, iso), Siargao, Jun-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. SIARGAO. Forested slopes at low elevation. 
  64. Begonia longinoda Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 397; EPFP 3 (1923) 124; --Type: BS 13372 Ramos, Luzon: Quezon prov. Tagkawayan, c. 200m, Mar-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Tagkawayan). Lowland primary forests, c. 200m. 
  65. Begonia longiscapa Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 52; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  66. Begonia longistipula Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 379; EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  67. Begonia longivillosa DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iv, 11 (1859) 130; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 124. Endemic to the Philippines.
  68. Begonia luzonensis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 52; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 1. --Begonia bakeri Elmer, auct. non C.DC. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos 
  69. Begonia macgregorii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 124; --Type: BS 11334 McGregor (PNH, lecto; B, BM, L, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya prov., Dupax, Mar-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya. Along small streams in primary forests at medium elevation. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11). Photos 
  70. Begonia malindangensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 125; --Type: FB 4563 Mearns & Hutchinson (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt. Malindang, May-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental. Photos
  71. Begonia manillensis DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iv, 11 (1859) 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 125. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  72. Begonia mearnsii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 125. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  73. Begonia megacarpa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 125. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Camarines, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan. Climbing on trees in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  74. Begonia megalantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 47; EPFP 3 (1923) 125; --Type: McGregor BS 19860 (PNH, lecto), Luzon: Ifuago, Mt. Polis, Feb-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Ifuago, Mountain Province. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11). Photos
  75. Begonia merrillii C.I Peng, Rubite, C.W.Lin & K.F.Chung, Botanical Studies 58 (2017) 28; --Type: C.-I Peng 23765, with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang & R.R. Rubite (PNH, holo; HAST, iso), Panay: Antique Prov., Culasi, Brgy. Flores, c. 225m., 19-Jun-2012. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Conservation status: Vulnerable D2 (Peng et al. 2017).
  76. Begonia merrittii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 365; EPFP 3 (1923) 125; --Type: Elmer 6254 (K, lecto; B, BO, K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt. Sto. Tomas, May-1904. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos 
  77. Begonia mindanaensis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 125. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  78. Begonia mindorensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 396; EPFP 3 (1923) 125; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 12857 (B, neo; BM, BO, E, FI, K, MICH, P, U, isoneo), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt. Pulgar, Mar-1921. --Begonia pinamalayensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 482; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 40856 Ramos (B, lecto; L, P, US, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Pinamalayan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDORO. Along forest streams. Photos 
  79. Begonia negrosensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 736; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 125; --Type: Elmer 9903 (NY, MO, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns., Jun-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Photos 
  80. Begonia neopurpurea L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52 (1983) 4. --Begonia purpurea Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3707, nom. illeg., auct. non Sw.; --Type: Elmer 16565 (NY, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt. Bulusan, Jul-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Photos
  81. Begonia nigritarum Steudel, Nomencl. (1821) 104; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 126. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  82. Begonia oblongata Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 126; --Type: Merrill 8166 (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga District, Nov/Dec-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga.
  83. Begonia obtusifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 425; EPFP 3 (1923) 126; --Type: BS 30803 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Panay: Capiz prov., Mt. Macosolon. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Capiz. On boulders in damp forests, c. 150m.
  84. Begonia oligantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 126; --Type: BS 15733 Fenix (US, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  85. Begonia oxysperma DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iv, 11 (1859) 122; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 126. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao (Mt Polis), Benguet (Baguio; Mt Sto. Tomas), Rizal, Quezon (Mt Banahaw & San Cristobal), Laguna (Mt Makiling), MINDORO. Primary forests, on trees or cliffs, 400-1900m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  86. Begonia palawanensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 380; EPFP 3 (1923) 126; --Type: BS 7232 Merrill (US, L, iso), Palawan (west coast): Puerto Princesa, Napsahan, c. 4m, 19-Sep-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Along small streams in low elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  87. Begonia panayensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 428; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: BS 32309 McGregor (US, iso), Panay: Antique prov., Culasi, May/Aug-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Antique. Along shaded streams, c. 250m. Photos
  88. Begonia parva Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: BS 5551 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Rio Trinidad (Balili River), Dec-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (La Trinidad, along Balili River). On stream boulders, c. 1400m.
  89. Begonia parvilimba Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 481; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 36936 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, Oct/Nov-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur.
  90. Begonia perryae L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52 (1983) 445. --Begonia robinsonii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 375, nom. illeg., auct. non Ridl.; --Type: BS 6340 Robinson, Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Maagnas, 28-Aug-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines. Low elevation forests.
  91. Begonia platyphylla Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: BS 20074 McGregor (PNH, lecto; BM, K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya prov., Jan-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Nueva Vizcaya. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11).
  92. Begonia polilloensis Tebbitt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61 (2005) 99. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  93. Begonia polyclada C.-I Peng, C.W.Lin & Rubite, Phytotaxa 296 (2017) 93; --Type: C.-I Peng 23553 (PNH, holo; HAST, iso), Luzon: Aurora Prov., Baler, 25-Oct-2012. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Photos
  94. Begonia pseudolateralis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: Warburg 11793 (B, holo; B, iso), Luzon: Isabela Prov. --Begonia aptera var. calleryana (A.DC.) Fern.-Vill., Fl. Filip. 4 (1880) 99; --Mezierea salaziensis var. calleryana A.DC., Prodr. 15 (1864) 408; --Type: Callery s.n. (P, holo), Luzon: Laguna Prov., Calauan, 1840. --Begonia lateralis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 127, nom. nud. Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. Widespread in the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao, SAMAR. Conservation status: Least Concern (Rubite 2013). Photos
  95. Begonia quercifolia DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iv, 11 (1859) 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 127. Endemic to the Philippines.
  96. Begonia ramosii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: Ramos 10942 (PNH, lecto; B, BM, isolecto), Luzon: Laguna Prov, San Antonio, Aug-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Conservation status: Endangered (Rubite 2013; DAO 2017-11). Photos
  97. Begonia rizalensis Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: BS 12109 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., San Isidro, Jun-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal.
  98. Begonia rubiteae M.Hughes, Edinburgh J. Bot. 67(1) (2010) 134; --Type: R.R. Rubite 357 (PNH, holo; E, SING, iso), Philippines, Palawan, Busuanga Island, Coron municipality, Mabentangen Forest Park, 28-Feb-2007. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Busuanga Isl. At streamsides at c. 100m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  99. Begonia rubrifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 426; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: BS 32430 R.C. McGregor, Panay: Antique prov., Culasi, c. 1000m, 7-Jun-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Antique (Culasi). Forests, c. 1000m. Photos
  100. Begonia rufipila Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 393; EPFP 3 (1923) 127; --Type: FB 5665 Klemme (US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Sur prov., Dolores (NB: this is now part of the province of Abra), 31-Oct-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Range along W Abra. Damp limestone boulders in shaded places, c. 200m. Photos
  101. Begonia samarensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 413; --Type: BS 43757 McGregor (NY, US, iso), Samar: Western Samar prov., Loquilocon, hillside forests, c. 250m. Jun-1924. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR (Loquilocon). Low elevation forests on limestone. 
  102. Begonia sarmentosa L.B.Sm. & Wassh., Phytologia 52 (1983) 4. --Begonia elegans Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2554; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 122, nom. illeg., auct. non Kunth; --Type: Elmer 13672 (MO, NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Cawilanan, 4250ft (1295m), Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Forested ravines, 1250m. Note by L.L.Co: Probably not distinct from the very close Begonia aequata A.Gray of Luzon. Photos
  103. Begonia serpens Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: BS 32588 McGregor (US, iso), Panay: Antique prov., May/Aug-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY.
  104. Begonia sorsogonensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 121. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon
  105. Begonia suborbiculata Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: Merrill 7229 (BM, lecto; B, BM, K, P, US, isolecto), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Sep-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On rock ledges in forest, c. 40m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  106. Begonia subprostrata Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 478; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 36977 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, Oct/Nov-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur.
  107. Begonia subtruncata Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: Loher 6076, Luzon: La Union (Castilla), Mar-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union. In forests.
  108. Begonia sykakiengii Rubite, C.-I Peng, C.W.Lin & K.F.Chung, Botanical Studies 58 (2017) 28; --Type: C.-I Peng 23836 with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang, R.R. Rubite, L.L. Lastimosa & K. Lopez (PNH, holo; HAST, iso), Panay: Capiz Prov., Maayon, Brgy. Tapulang, Igang Cave, c. 15m, 22-Jun-2012. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Conservation status: Endangered B2ab(iii) (Peng et al. 2017).
  109. Begonia tagbanua M.Hughes, C.I Peng & Rubite, Botanical Studies 56 (2015) 19; --Type: C.-I Peng 23471, with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang, R.R. Rubite (PNH, holo; A, E, HAST, MO, iso), Palawan, Puerto Princesa, Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, c. 35m, 2-Nov-2011. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Photos
  110. Begonia tandangii C.I Peng & Rubite, Phytotaxa 145 (2013) 34; --Type: C.-I Peng 23400 (HAST, holo), Luzon: Aurora, Baler, Barangay Zabali, 27-Oct-2011. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  111. Begonia taraw C.I Peng, Rubite & M.Hughes, Botanical Studies 56 (2015) 19; --Type: C.-I Peng 23464, with K.-F. Chung, C.-I Huang, R.R. Rubite (PNH, holo; E, HAST, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, c. 5m, 2-Nov-2011. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable D2 (Rubite et al. 2015). Photos
  112. Begonia tayabensis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 38; EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: BS 29054 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Tayabas prov., May/Jun-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas.
  113. Begonia titoevangelistae Tandang & Rubite, Phytotaxa 282 (2016) 276; --Type: D.N. Tandang 1994 (PNH, holo; CAHUP, iso), Catanduanes: Catanduanes Prov., Mun. Gigmoto, Brgy. San Pedro, Nahulugan Falls, moist rocks under trees and shrubs near the waterfalls, elevation c. 93m, 28-June-2015. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (Tandang et al., 2016). Photos
  114. Begonia trichochila Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 53; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 128. Endemic to the Philippines.
  115. Begonia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2559; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: Elmer 13819 (NY, MO, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt. Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Primary forests, c. 1500m.
  116. Begonia vanoverberghii Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 403; EPFP 3 (1923) 128. Endemic to the Philippines.
  117. Begonia wadei Merr. & Quisumb., Addisonia 17 (1932) 57; --Type: BS 78301 WH Brown (NY, lecto), Coron Island, Dec-1929. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, CORON, MINILOC. Near the coast on exposed coralline limestone. Photos
  118. Begonia weberi Merr., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 381; EPFP 3 (1923) 128; --Type: Weber 1210, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Hilong-hilong, rocky slopes in ravines, c. 450m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Rocky slopes in forested ravines, c. 450m.
  119. Begonia wenzelii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 277; EPFP 3 (1923) 128. Endemic to the Philippines.
  120. Begonia wilkiei Coyle, Edinburgh J. Bot. 67 (2010) 138; --Type: cult. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh acc. no. 19980279, grown on from R. Fuentes, R.V. Chavez, G. Argent, Q. Cronk, M. Mendum, P. Wilkie & D. Middleton 25416, 21-Jan-1998, vouchered in 2007 as C. Coyle s.n. (E, holo; SING, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra's Needle. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. c. 960m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  121. Begonia woodii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 478; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: Merrill 11589 (L, lecto; B, P, US, isolecto), Palawan: Malampaya Bay (Sound), 8-Oct-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary forests on cliffs, c. 50m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  122. Begonia zamboangensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 481; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 37371 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, Nov-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur (Malangas). Forested small stream banks at low elevation.
Dubious taxon:
  1. Begonia porteana van Geert, Cat. (1881) 90, descriptione inchoata; --L.B.Sm. et al., Smiths. Contr. Bot. no. 60 (1986) 218. 

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Doorenbos, J, MSM Sosef & JJFE de Wilde. 1998. The sections of Begonia including descriptions, keys and species lists (Studies in Begoniaceae VI). Wageningen Agricultural University Paper 98-2.

Elmer, ADE. 1910. New species of Begonia. Leaflets of Philippine Botany 2 43: 735-740.

Golding, J & DC Wasshausen. 2002. Begoniaceae, Edition 2. Part. I: Annotated species list; Part II. Illustrated key, Abridgement and supplement. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 43: 1-289.

Hughes, M. 2008. An annotated checklist of Southeast Asian Begonia. Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh.

Hughes M & C Coyle. 2009. Begonia section Petermannia (Begoniaceae) on Palawan (Philippines), including two new species. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 66: 205-211.

Hughes, M, C Coyle & RR Rubite. 2010. A revision of Begonia section Diploclinium (Begoniaceae) on the Philippine island of Palawan, including five new species. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 67: 123-140.

Hughes, M, RR Rubite, P Blanc, K-F Chung & C-I Peng. 2015. The Miocene to Pleistocene colonization of the Philippine archipelago by Begonia sect. Baryandra (Begoniaceae). American Journal of Botany 102: 695-706.

Hughes, M, RR Rubite, Y Kono & C-I Peng. 2011. Begonia blancii (sect. Diploclinium, Begoniaceae), a new species endemic to the Philippine island of Palawan. Botanical Studies 52: 203-209.

Merrill, ED. 1912. The Philippine species of Begonia. Philippine Journal of Science, Section C, Botany 6: 369-406.

Nakamura, K, RR Rubite, Y Kono, JRC Callado & CI Peng. 2013. Begonia tandangii (Begoniaceae, section Baryandra), a new species from Luzon Island, the Philippines. Phytotaxa 145: 27-37

Peng, C-I, RR Rubite & C-W Lin. 2017. Begonia polyclada (sect. Petermannia, Begoniaceae), a gracile new species from Luzon, Philippines. Phytotaxa 296: 93-97.

Peng, C-I, RR Rubite, C-W Lin, M Hughes, Y Kono & K-F Chung. 2017. Three new species of Begonia sect. Baryandra from Panay Island, Philippines. Botanical Studies 58: 28


Rubite, RR. 2012. Delimitation of Begonia L. Sections Diploclinium and Baryandra (Begoniaceae) in the Philippines. Asia Life Sciences 21: 363-373.

Rubite, RR. 2013. Begonia section Petermannia of Luzon Island, the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 142: 183-197.

Rubite, RR & DA Madulid. 2009. The rediscovery of Philippine Begonia. Blumea 54: 267-268

Rubite, RR, M Hughes, GJD Alejandro & C-I Peng. 2013. Recircumscription of Begonia sect. Baryandra (Begoniaceae): evidence from molecular data. Botanical Studies 54: 38

Rubite, RR, M Hughes, P Blanc, K-F Chung, H-A Ang, Y Kono, GJD Alejandro, LB De Layola, AGN Virata & C-I Peng. 2015. Three new species of Begonia endemic to the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, Palawan. Botanical Studies 56: 19

Smith, LB, DC Wasshausen, J Golding & CE Karegeannes. 1986. Begoniaceae. Part. I: Illustrated Key; Part II. Annotated species list. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany no. 60: 1-584.

Souhtheast Asian Begonia Database

Tandang, DN, RR Rubite, RT Angeles Jr. & MC de Guzman. 2016. Begonia titoevangelistae (sect. Baryandra, Begoniaceae) a new species from Catanduanes
Island, the Philippines. Phytotaxa 282: 273-281.

Acknowledgements

Derek Cabactulan, Michael Calaramo, Alma Gamil, Alvin Goloran, Ravan Schneider, and Kurt Tan kindly provided some photographs of Begonia.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 21 October 2017