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Bignoniaceae

Catalpa Scop. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos

  1. Catalpa longissima (Jacq.) Dum.-Cours., Bot. Cult. 2 (1802) 190; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182; --Bignonia longissima Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 25. Photos

Crescentia L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Crescentia alata Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3 (1818) 158; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182. Photos
  2. Crescentia cujete L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 626; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182. Photos

Dolichandra Cham. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017

Photos
  1. Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann, Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela (2008) 273; --Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H.Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; --Bignonia unguis-cati L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 623. Native to Central and South America and Carribean. LUZON. Introduced and invasive on Mt. Banahaw and Mt. Makiling. Photos

Dolichandrone Fenzl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017

Photos
  1. Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) K.Schum., Fl. Kaiser Wilhelms Land (1889) 123; --Merr., Fl.  Manila (1912) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 444; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 142; --Bignonia spathacea L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 283. Throughout tropical SE Asia and Malasia, eastward to Solomon Isls, Vanuatu, Micronesia and New Caledonia. Widespread in the Philippines. Confined to back mangrove and banks of tidal streams and estuaries. Photos

Fridericia Mart. [Not native, not naturalized]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

Photo
  1. Fridericia mollissima (Kunth) L.G.Lohmann, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 99 (2014) 440; --Arrabidaea mollissima (Kunth) Bureau & K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 8, 2 (1896) 46; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182; --Bignonia mollissima Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3 (1818) 133. Mexico to Venezuela.

Handroanthus Mattos [Not native, not naturalized]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

No Photos
  1. Handroanthus chrysanthus (Jacq.) S.O.Grose, Syst. Bot. 32 (2007) 664; --Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacq.) Nichols, Dict. Gard. 4 (1881) 1; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; --Bignonia chrysantha Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 2 (1797) 45. Central and South America.

Jacaranda Juss. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don, Bot. Reg. 8 (1822) t. 631; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977). --Jacaranda ovalifolia R.Br., in Curtis’ Bot. Mag. (1822) t. 2327; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 444. Photos

Kigelia DC. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos

  1. Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. (1849) 463; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; --Bignonia africana Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 424.

Mansoa DC. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) A.H.Gentry, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66 (1980) 782; --Pachyptera hymenaea (DC.) A.H.Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; --Bignonia hymenaea DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 158. Photos

Nyctocalos Teijsm. & Binn.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 May 2017

Photos
  1. Nyctocalos cuspidatum (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 249; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 123; --Tecoma cuspidata Blume, Rumphia 4 (1849) 35. India (Assam), Philippines, Sulawesi. CEBU, LUZON, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Lowland rainforests. Photos

Oroxylum Vent.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017

Photos
  1. Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent., Dec. Gen. Nov. (1808) 8; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 428; EPFP 3 (1923) 444; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 128; --Bignonia indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 625. From Sri Lanka, the Deccan and Himalayas, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou) through SE Asia and Malesia eastwards to the Philippines, Sulawesi and Timor. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. A characteristic, short-lived nomad tree, nowhere gregarious, never in mature rainforest but always in openings, secondary growths and thickets, rather indifferent to climate and soils, at low to medium elevation below 1000m. Photos

Pachyptera DC. ex Meissn. = Mansoa

Parmentiera DC. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Parmentiera aculeata Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1854) 183; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. --Parmentiera cerifera Seem. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3 (1851) 302; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184.

Podranea Sprague [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Podranea ricasoliana (Tanfani) Sprague, Fl. Cap. 4, 2 (1904) 450; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184; --Tecoma ricasoliana Tanfani, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 17 (1887) t. 1-2. Photos

Pyrostegia C.Presl. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos

  1. Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3 (1863) 188; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184; --Bignonia venusta Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3 (1801) t. 249. Photos

Radermachera Zoll. & Moritzi

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Radermachera coriacea Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Divilacan; Palanan), Aurora (Baler). Ultramafic forests, usually near the coast. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Radermachera gigantea (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 250; --Steenis, Fl.  Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 155; --Spathodea gigantea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 761. --Radermachera biternata Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 238; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera elliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 48; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera fragrans Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2561; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446. --Radermachera palawanensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 446. --Radermachera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1485; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 447. India (Assam), Myanmar (Manipur, Tavoy), Sumatra, W to E Java (common in C and E parts), Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Sumbawa, Flores, Alor), Bawean I, SE Borneo, Philippines. Primary and secondary forests, in various soil types including ultramafic-derived, also in areas subject to a dry monsoon, from the lowland up to c. 1600m. Not rarely a pioneer in secondary forest, cuttings sometimes used for strengthening terracing on unstable slopes. Early flowering and fruiting as a shrub. Photos
  3. Radermachera glandulosa (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3 (1867) 250; --Spathodea glandulosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 762. India to S China and W and C Malesia, Philippines.
  4. Radermachera quadripinnata (Blanco) Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147, as ‘quadripinna’; --Millingtonia quadripinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501; --Type: Cuming 1182 (K, neo; CGE, K, MO, P, iso), Luzon: Albay. --Millingtonia pinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501, nom. illeg., auct. non Roxb.; --Radermachera pinnata Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 337; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 153; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 834 (leg. M. Ramos) (A, neo; BO, GH, K, L, MO, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Bosoboso, 9-Mar-1915. --Radermachera pinnata var. glabra (Seem.) Blanco, PJS 3 (1908) 337. Photos

Spathodea P.Beauv. [Not native]

Photos

  1. Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv., Fl. Oware Benin 1 (1804) 47; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 429;  EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185. Native of tropical Africa. Photos

Tabebuia Gomes ex DC. [Not native, not naturalized]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

Photos

  1. Tabebuia rosea (Bertol.) Bertero ex A.DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 215; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; --Tecoma rosea Bertol., Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 4 (1840) 425. Photos

Tecoma Juss. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 July 2017

Photos
  1. Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 13 (1828) t. 1117; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; --Bignonia capensis Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. (1794) 105. Not naturalized. Photos
  2. Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3 (1819) 144; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912)  428; --Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 135; --Stenolobium stans (L.) D.Don, Edinburgh Philos. J. (1823) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 444; --Bignonia stans L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 871. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos

Literature

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Steenis, CGGJ van. 1977. Bignoniaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 114-186

Turner, IM. 2012. The correct name of Radermachera pinnata (Bignoniaceae). Phytotaxa 71: 34-35.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 21 October 2017