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Bignoniaceae

Dolichandra Cham.

[Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 May 2017

Photos
  1. Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann, Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela (2008) 273; --Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) AH Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183. Native to Central and South America and Carribean. LUZON. Introduced and invasive on Mt. Banahaw and Mt. Makiling. Photos

Dolichandrone Fenzl

Photos
  1. Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) K Schum., Fl. Kaiser Wilhelms Land (1889) 123; --Merr., Fl.  Manila (1912) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 444; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 142, Fig. 14 (map), 15-16. Throughout tropical SE Asia and Malasia, eastward to Solomon Isls, Vanuatu, Micronesia and New Caledonia. Widespread in the Philippines. Confined to back mangrove and banks of tidal streams and estuaries. Photos

Nyctocalos Teijsm. & Binn.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 May 2017

Photos
  1. Nyctocalos cuspidatum (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 249, t. 8, Fig. B; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 123, Fig. 1-2, 3 (map); --Tecoma cuspidata Blume, Rumphia 4 (1849) 35. India (Assam), Philippines, Sulawesi. CEBU, LUZON, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Lowland rainforests. Photos

Oroxylum Vent.

Photos
  1. Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent., Dec. Gen. Nov. (1808) 8; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 428; EPFP 3  (1923) 444; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 128, Fig. 5, 6 (map), 7. From Sri Lanka, the Deccan and Himalayas, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou) through SE Asia and Malesia eastwards to the Philippines, Sulawesi and Timor. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. A characteristic, short-lived nomad tree, nowhere gregarious, never in mature rainforest but always in openings, secondary growths and thickets, rather indifferent to climate and soils, at low to medium altitudes below 1000m. Photos

Radermachera Zoll. & Moritzi

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Radermachera coriacea Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Divilacan; Palanan), Aurora (Baler). Ultramafic forests, usually near the coast. Photos
  2. Radermachera gigantea (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 250; --Steen., Fl.  Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 155. --Radermachera biternata Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 238; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera elliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 48; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. --Radermachera fragrans Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2561; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446. --Radermachera palawanensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 446. --Radermachera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1485; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 447. India (Assam), Myanmar (Manipur, Tavoy) and Malesia: Sumatra, W to E Java (common in C and E parts), Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Sumbawa, Flores, Alor), Bawean I., SE Borneo and the Philippines. Primary and secondary forests, in various soil types including ultramafic-derived, also in areas subject to a dry monsoon, from the lowland up to c. 1600 m. Not rarely a pioneer in secondary forest, cuttings sometimes used for strengthening terracing on unstable slopes. Early flowering and fruiting as a shrub. Photos
  3. Radermachera glandulosa (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3 (1867) 250. India to S China and W and C Malesia, Philippines.
  4. Radermachera quadripinnata (Blanco) Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147 (‘quadripinna’); --Millingtonia quadripinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501; --Type: Cuming 1182 (K!, neo; CGE, K, MO, P, iso), Luzon: Albay. --Millingtonia pinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501, nom. illeg., non M. pinnata Roxb.; --Radermachera pinnata Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446,  incl. var. glabra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 337; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 153; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 834 (leg. M. Ramos) (A, neo; BO, GH, K, L, MO, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Bosoboso, 9-Mar-1915. Photos

Spathodea P.Beauv.

[Not native]

Photos

  1. Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv., Fl. Oware Benin 1 (1804) 47, t. 27; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 429;  EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185. Native of tropical Africa. Photos

Non-naturalized cultivated taxa:

Arrabidea DC.

Photo
  1. Arrabidaea mollissima (Kunth) Bureau K Schum., Fl. Bras. 8, 2 (1896) 46; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182.

Catalpa Scop.

Photos

  1. Catalpa longissima (Jacq.) Dum.-Cours., Bot. Cult. 2 (1802) 190; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182. Photos

Crescentia L.

Photos
  1. Crescentia alata Humb., Bonpl. Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3 (1818) 158; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182. Photos
  2. Crescentia cujete L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 626; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182. Photos

 Jacaranda Juss.

Photos
  1. Jacaranda mimosifolia D Don, Bot. Reg. 8 (1822) t. 631; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977). --Jacaranda ovalifolia R Br., in Curtis’ Bot. Mag. (1822) t. 2327; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 444. Photos Photos (non-Philippine)

Kigelia DC.

Photos

  1. Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth., in Hook., Niger Fl. (1849) 463; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183. 

Mansoa DC.

Photos
  1. Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) AH Gentry, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66 (1979, publ. 1980) 782; --Pachyptera hymenaea (DC.) AH Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183. Photos (non-Philippine)

Pachyptera DC. ex Meissn. =Mansoa

Parmentiera DC.

Photos
  1. Parmentiera aculeata Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1854) 183; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. --Parmentiera cerifera Seem. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3 (1851) 302; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. 

Podranea Sprague

Photos
  1. Podranea ricasoliana (Tanf.) Sprague, Fl. Cap. 4, 2 (1904) 450; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. Photos

Pyrostegia C.Presl.

Photos

  1. Pyrostegia venusta (Ker) Miers, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3 (1863) 188; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. Photos

Tabebuia Gomes ex DC.

Photos

  1. Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacq.) Nichols, Dict. Gard. 4 (1881) 1; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185.
  2. Tabebuia rosea (Bertol.) DC, Prodr. 9 (1845) 215; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185. Photos

Tecoma Juss.

Photos
  1. Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 13 (1828) t. 1117; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185. Photos
  2. Tecoma stans (L.) Humb., Bonpl. Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3 (1819) 144; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912)  428; --Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 135; 186. --Stenolobium stans (L.) D Don, Edinburgh Philos. J. (1823) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 444. Photos

Literature

Steenis, CGGJ van. 1977. Bignoniaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 114-186

Turner, IM. 2012. The correct name of Radermachera pinnata (Bignoniaceae). Phytotaxa 71: 34-35.


Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 May 2017