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Brassicaceae

= Cruciferae

Brassica L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. Pl. Chark. (1859) 8; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 214; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 545; Fig. 1. --Brassica integrifolia (West) OE Schulz in Urban, Symb. Antill. 3 (1903) 509; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 207. Origin not known, possibly E Europe or SW Asia. Widespread in cultivation in S Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. Cultivated in the Philippines.
  2. Brassica oleracea L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 667. --Brassica pekinensis Skeels, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. No. 227 (1911) 51. Photos
  3. Brassica rapa L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 666. Photos

Capsella Med. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Capsella bursa-pastoris Med., Pflanzengatt. 1 (1792) 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 192; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 550. Cosmopolitan weed, probable native in Europe, introduced in Malesia and recorded from the highlands of E Java, Philippines (Luzon), and E New Guinea. Probably more widespread. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio, c.1400m), Mountain Province (Bontoc, c. 900m). A common weed in Bontoc.  Photos

Cardamine L.

Photos
  1. Cardamine flexuosa With., Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 3, 3 (1796) 578; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 554. --Cardamine regeliana Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1865) 73; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208. Circumpolar in N temperate region. Also in some montane areas further south. In Malesia: N Sumatra (Aceh), Java, Philippines, Sulawesi (Menado), Moluccas (Buru; Seram). LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, MINDANAO. Occasional in open damp places, 1200-1800m. Photos
  2. Cardamine hirsuta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 655; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 191; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 554. Native at least in Europe, and probably in some tropical mountains (Ethiopia, E Africa, Cameroon). Not native. Widespread weed and naturalized in many areas including the Philippines. Lowlands up to c. 2200m in the Cordillera Highlands of N Luzon. Photos

Lepidium L.

Photos
  1. Lepidium virginicum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 645; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 207; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 187; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 548. Native of North America. Widespread as a weed in all warm countries. In Malesia known from E Java and N Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya. A weed in towns, in some regions occurring along sandy seashores. Photos

 Nasturtium R.Br. = Rorippa

Raphanus L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Raphanus sativus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 669; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 214; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 546. Only known in cultivation, said to be probably originated from hybrids between forms of R. rapahanistrum L. In Malesia reportedly escaping and becoming weedy at least in Java, probably elsewhere. Widely cultivated in the Philippines, from the lowlands to 2400m. Raddish; labanos. Photos

Rorippa Scop.

Photos
  1. Rorippa hybosperma (OE Schulz) Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 559; --Nasturtium hybospermum OE Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. 55 (1918) 268, Fig. 1B. Philippines, New Guinea. MINDANAO: North Cotabato (Dulawan). Lowland streams and rivers in marshes. 
  2. Rorippa heterophylla (Blume) Williams, Fl. Trin. & Tobago (1929) 24; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser.   1, 10 (1988) 559; --Nasturtium heterophyllum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 50. --Nasturtium indicum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 27 (1905) 17; Fl. Manila (1912) 213; EPFP 2 (1923) 208, non (L.) DC. Native to E Asia, at least from Myanmar to Japan; introduced in other tropical areas (incl. Africa and America); in Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Ambon; Buru; Seram), Papua New Guinea. LUZON, MINDANAO. Near sea-level to 2000m, in open moist ground in cultivated lands and water courses, 250-1500m.
  3. Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek, Sched. Fl. Str. Exs. 3-4 (1905) 22; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 555, Fig. 4. --Nasturtium officinale R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 4 (1812) 110; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Quisumb., Med. Pl. Philip. (1951) 335; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 191. Native in Europe and W Asia, perhaps also in Ethiopia. Widely cultivated and spread with European settlements to temperate and montane areas throughout the world. In the Philippines commonly cultivated in the Cordillera Highlands of N LUZON, where it also escapes from cultivation, following water courses, and establishing themselves as weeds. Photos

Literature

Jonsell, B. 1988. Cruciferae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 10: 541-560

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 9 June 2016