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Byttneriaceae

Alternative classification: Malvaceae s.l. - subfam. Byttnerioideae

Abroma Jacq.

Photos
  1. Abroma augusta (L.) L.f., Suppl. (1781) 341 (Ambroma); --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48. India to S China and Malaya. BATANES and N LUZON to MINDANAO. Thickets, waste places, and open secondary forests at low and medium altitudes. Photos

Buettneria Loeffling = Byttneria

Byttneria Loefl.

No Photos
  1. Byttneria echinata Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1149, nom. nud.; --Gagnep. in Lecomte, Fl. Gén. Indo-Chine 1 (1911) 520; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48. Nepal, Myanmar, Indochina, Philippines. MINDORO, BS 21268 Escritor. Thickets and second growth forests at low altitudes.

Commersonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Photos
  1. Commersonia bartramia (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 48. Indochina, across Malesia to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Common in thickets and second-growth forests at low and medium altitudes. Photos

Kleinhovia L.

Photos
  1. Kleinhovia hospita L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1365; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 52.

Leptonychia Turcz.

Photos
  1. Leptonychia banahaensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 48; Veldkamp & Flipphi, Blumea 32 (1987) 448; --Grewia banahaensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 319.

Melochia L.

Photos
  1. Melochia concatenata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 46. --Melochia corchorifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330. Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium altitudes in the settled areas, occurring as a ruderal along waysides, waste places, open grasslands, rice paddies, etc. Photos
  2. Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf. Mauritius to India, Indochina (S Vietnam), Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines (distribution most likely more widespread, recheck). Throughout the Philippines. A common and characteristic shrub or treelet in old clearings, secondary forests, etc. at low and medium altitudes. Photos

Theobroma L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Theobroma cacao L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 782; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 49. Widely cultivated at low and medium elevations but nowhere spontaneous. Introduced in the Philippines from Mexico. Cacao. Photos

Waltheria L.

Photos
  1. Waltheria americana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 673; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330; EPFP 3 (1923) 47. Pantropical weed. Throughout the Philippines. In dry open places in the settled areas at low and medium elevation. Photos

Non-naturalized

  1. Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 52; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 427. Native of tropical America Introduced recently in the Philippines. Occasionally cultivated. Photos

Literature

Veldkamp, JF & RCH Flipphi. 1987. A revision of Leptonychia (Sterculiaceae) in Southeast Asia. Blumea 32: 443-457


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Last updated 17 May 2016