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Cannabaceae

including Celticidaceae, Ulmaceae

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 February 2013

Aphananthe Planch.

Photos
  1. Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch. in DC, Prodr. 17 (1873) 209; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8  (1977) 69, Fig. 24a-i, 25 (map); --Cyclostemon cuspidatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 599; --Gironniera cuspidata (Blume) Kurz, Forest Fl. Brit. Burma 2 (1877) 470; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; Backer & Bakh.f. Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12. --Gironniera curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 251. Sri Lanka, India, Andaman Isls, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, ?China, Hongkong, Hainan, NE Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls  (Bali; Sumabawa; Flores; Timor), Borneo (Mt Kinabalu), S Philippines, Sulawesi.
  2. Aphananthe philippinensis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 337; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 34; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 67, Fig. 24j-n, 25 (map). N Philippines, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland; New South Wales). LUZON. Primary and secondary forest subject to rather strong seasonal climate. Photos

Celtis L.

Photos
  1. Celtis latifolia (Blume) Planch. in DC, Prodr. 17 (1873) 186; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977)   63, Fig. 20j, 23k; --Solenostigma latifolium Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 67. Solomon Isls, New Guinea, Moluccas and the Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary and secondary forests on sandy clay soils, 0-400m.
  2. Celtis luzonica Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 164; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 61, Fig. 23c. LUZON, MINDORO, MASBATE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland thickets and forests. Flowering & fruiting Mar-Jul.
  3. Celtis philippensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 197; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 248; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 42; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 122; EPFP 2 (1923) 32; --Soepadmo in Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 62, Fig. 18a-k, 22. --Celtis mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2842. --Celtis multifolia Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3796, invalidly published, no Latin diagnosis.
  4. Celtis rigescens (Miq.) Planch. in DC, Prodr. 17 (1873) 182; --Soepadmo, in Whitmore (ed.), Tree   Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 58, Fig. 20e, 23a-b; --Solenostigma rigescens Miq., Sumatra (1861) 411. --Celtis asperifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 32. C & S Sumatra, Anambas Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java, E Borneo, S Philippines, NE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Seram; Buru; Sula; Morotai), New Guinea (incl. New Britain). MINDANAO: Davao. Lowland thickets or forests.
  5. Celtis rubrovenia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 464; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65, Fig. 23j. --Celtis rubrovenia Elmer var. nigra Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) xx Philippines, New Guinea LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet. Primary forests on hills and ridges, 500-1800m.
  6. Celtis timorensis Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 343; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65. --Celtis cinnamomea Lindley in Wall., Cat. (1831) No 3696, nomen nudum; Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 303; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32. --Celtis crenato-serrata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 174. Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, C Sumatra, Java, Christmas Is, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores; Timor), Borneo (Sabah: Mt Kinabalu), Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan. Open forests at low altitudes. Common in areas with rather prominent seasonal climate, in open forests at low altitudes. Fl. Fr. Nov-Apr.

Cannabis L.

Photos
  1. Cannabis sativa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1027; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1948) 223, Fig. 1. Native of C Asia, cultivated either as a fiber plant or as a narcotic in many other countries. Photos (non-Philippine)

Gironniera Gaudich.

Photos
  1. Gironniera celtidifolia Gaudich., Bot. Freycinet’s Voy. (1844) t. 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 73, Fig. 26a-g. --Gironniera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1845; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35. Philippines, Moluccas (Morotai; Halmaheira), Misima, Sudest, Rossel Isls, New Guinea, Admiralty. Fl. fr. Jan-Dec. Photos
  2. Gironniera subaequalis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 339; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; --Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya (1940) 690; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 419, Fig. 2; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 75, Fig. 26h, m, p-r. Andaman Isls, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, China (Yunnan; Guangdong; Hongkong), Hainan, throughout Malesia (except Lesser Sunda Isls).  Lowland primary and secondary forests. Photos

Parasponia Miq.

(Yang et al. 2013 show that Parasponia is nested within Trema. Its species therefore need to be transfered to Trema)

Photos
  1. Parasponia rugosa Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 66; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 44, Fig. 10-11, 12 (map). --Trema vulcanica Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 260. --Trema philippinensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3218. E Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Ternate; Banda), New Guinea, New Britain. LUZON, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Often dominant or co-dominant in seral vegetation on various soil types including volcanic ash, altitude 50-1900m. Photos. Note by Pelser 25-Jun-13: The name Trema rugosa is not available for this taxon.

Trema Lour.

Photos
  1. Trema cannabina Lour., Fl. Cochin. 2 (1790) 563; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50. --Trema amboinensis (Willd.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 61, quoad syn., excl. descr.!; --Celtis amboinensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 4, 2 (1805) 997. Burma, Thailand, Indochina, China, Hainan, Taiwan, throughout Malesia to Australia, Melanesia (Solomon Isls, Vanuatu), New Caledonia, W Polynesia (Fiji; Samoa), and Micronesia. Sea-level to 1200m, along roadsides, forest edges, thickets, early re-growth secondary forests, a common pioneer in newly opened sites. Photos
  2. Trema orientalis (L.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 62; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 171; EPFP 2 (1923) 34; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12, pro parte, excl. syn. T. amboinensis auct. non (Willd.) Blume; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 51, Fig. 13, 16; --Celtis orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1044. ?Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, China, Hainan, Taiwan, S Japan, Sumatra (rare), Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (rare), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi (rather rare), Moluccas (rare), New Guinea (including New Britain, rare), Australia (Queensland), Solomons, Marianas, Polynesia (Fiji; Tonga; Tahiti). Photos
  3. Trema tomentosa (Roxb.) Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2 (1971) 19; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 423; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 53, Fig. 16; --Celtis tomentosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2 (1832) 66. Celtis lima (non Sw.) Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1837) 139. --Trema orientalis Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 121, non (L.) Blume. Tropical E Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, China, Hainan, Hongkong, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls (Okinawa), throughout Malesia to Queensland, New Caledonia, Micronesia, Polynesia (Fiji; Tonga, and Hawaii). Photos

Literature

Backer, CA. 1951. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 222-223

Soepadmo, E. 1977. Ulmaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 31-76


Yang, M-Q, R van Velzen, FT Bakker, A Sattarian, D-Z Li & T-S Yi. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics and character evolution of Cannabaceae. Taxon 62: 473-485.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 October 2016