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Capparaceae

= Capparidaceae

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 July 2013

Capparis L.

Photos
  1. Capparis callophylla Blume, Bijdr. 2 (1825) 53; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 81. --Capparis tylophylla Spreng., Syst. Nat. 4 (1827) 204; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 213. --Capparis cumingii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 101. --Capparis turczaninowii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1755. --Capparis mucronata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1757. Taiwan (a distinct variety there), Sumatra (Palembang), W Java, Madura, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BOHOL, MINDANAO. Low elevation dry thickets, secondary forests, sometimes on limestone-derived soil, to about 700m.
  2. Capparis cantoniensis Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 331; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 76. India (Sikkim, Khasia and Assam), Andaman Isls, Myanmar, S China, Hainan, C Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Lombok), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls: Mangoli, Buru). MINDANAO. Forest and forest edges, frequently in shade, seems to prefer moist places.
  3. Capparis floribunda Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1 (1840) 35, t. 14; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 78.
  4. Capparis lanceolaris DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 248; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 77. --Capparis copelandii Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 680; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis oblongata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 15; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. --Capparis viridis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3076. C & E Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor, Damar, Jamdena), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluucas (Seram, Nusa Laut), New Guinea, New Ireland. Throughout the Philippines except Palawan. Photos
  5. Capparis lobbiana Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211;  --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79, Fig. 13; --Type: Lobb 467 (L, MO, iso), Philippines, no specified locality; locality in isotype sheets labeled (erroneously) as from Java. --Capparis ilocana Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 13; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: BS 27120 Ramos. --Capparis littoralis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: FB 11111 Curran. --Capparis loheri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. --Capparis palawanensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 304; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, Quezon, PALAWAN. Dry rocky sites, coastal and bamboo thickets, also in primary forests, up to 600m. Photos
  6. Capparis micracantha DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 247; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 85. --Capparis venosa Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 305; EPFP 2 (1923) 213.
  7. Capparis pubiflora DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 246; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 82, Fig. 16-17. --Capparis cerasifolia A Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis lasiopoda Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323. Thailand, Indochina, Hainan, C & S Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Madura, N Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Lombok, E Sumbawa, Timor), Moluccas (Seram, Ambon, Halmaheira), W New Guinea (Bird Head Peninsula). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Cagayan, PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Davao, Agusan, Surigao, PUJADA. Low elevation thickets.
  8. Capparis sepiaria L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1071; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79. --Capparis affinis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 303; EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis emarginata C Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Sri Lanka, India (Deccan, Sind, Punjab), SW Myanmar, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, S China (Guangdong), Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah), Java, Madura, Kangean Archipelago, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Nusa Penida, Sumbawa, Alor, Timor, Leti, Babar, Wetar), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmaheira, Buru, Ambon, Kai Isls), New Guinea (S Papua), Australia (Arnhem Land, Queenslans, New South Wales to 32 N Lat. BABUYAN ISLS and N LUZON to PALAWAN, MINDANAO and SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Dry lowland or coastal thickets, bound to seasonal climatic conditions. Deciduous when fruiting. Photos
  9. Capparis spinosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 503.
  10. Capparis tagbanuorum Fici, Phytotaxa 267 (2016) 146; --Type: Ridsdale SMHI 1792 (L, holo), Palawan: Narra, Victoria Peaks, Trident Mining Company concession area, 21-May-1984. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: VU D2 (Fici 2016).
  11. Capparis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 720; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 87, Fig. 5. --Capparis horrida L.f., Suppl. (1781) 264; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Sri Lanka, E half of India S of the Himalayas, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Hainan, E Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Semau, Timor), Sulawesi, Philippines. BATANES, LUZON, MINDORO, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation dry thickets, altitude up to 700m. Photos

Incompletely known

  1. Capparis longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: BS 26980 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Abra prov., Mt Posuey, Feb-1917. Holotype destroyed in 1945, and extant isotypes are sterile. Possibly a deviant C. pubiflora according to Jacobs.

Crateva L.

Photos

  1. Crateva odora Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. 15 (1827) 118.
  2. Crateva religiosa G Forst., Prodr. Fl. Austr. (1786) 35; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210; --Jacobs, Fl.  Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 65, Fig. 2a. India (E Himalaya), Myanmar, Peninsular Thailand, Indochina, Ryukyu Isls, Micronesia (Marianas and the Carolines), Melanesia (Solomon Isls), Polynesia (Fiji, Samoa, Society Isls, Gambier Isls), Sumatra, Riouw Archipelago, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi (also Kabaena & Muna Is), Moluccas (Talaud, Sula, Buru, E Seram, Ambon, Kai, Aru, Tinambar), New Guinea, New Ireland. PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Photos

Literature

Fici, S. 2016. A new narrow-leaved species of Capparis (Capparaceae) from central Palawan, Philippines. Phytotaxa 267: 146-150.

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 61-105

Jacobs, M. 1964. The genus Capparis (Capparaceae) from the Indus to the Pacific. Blumea 12: 385-541


Su, J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang & Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 5 February 2015