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Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Casuarina L.

  1. Casuarina equisetifolia L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 143; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 169; EPFP 2 (1923) 1. Also referred to as C. litorea L. Old World tropics from Africa to Polynesia. Pantropic in cultivation. Photos

Ceuthostoma L.A.S.Johnson

No Photos
  1. Ceuthostoma palawanense L.A.S.Johnson, Telopea 3 (1988) 137; --Type: Merrill 785 (A, holo), Palawan: Ewiig (=Iwahig) River. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Aborlan: Malasgao River, along stream to 160m.
  2. Ceuthostoma terminale L.A.S.Johnson, Telopea 3, 2 (1988) 135. Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas (Halmahera), New Guinea (Irian Jaya). PALAWAN. Primary and secondary forest on ultramafic soils, 100-1500m.

Gymnostoma L.A.S.Johnson

  1. Gymnostoma nobile (Whitmore) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6 (1982) 84; --Casuarina nobilis Whitmore, Trop. Rain Forests of the Far East (1975) 134. Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei and Kalimantan) and Philippines. PALAWAN. Ultramafic sites, to 1000m.
  2. Gymnostoma rumphianum (Jungh. ex Vriese) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6 (1982) 85; --Casuarina rumphiana Miq., Flora 48 (1865) 23, 38; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 1. --Casuarina nodiflora Merr. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Britain, New Ireland. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. In montane forests, often gregarious, 100-1000m. Photos
  3. Gymnostoma sumatranum (Miq.) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6  (1982) 86; --Casuarina sumatrana Jungh. in Hoev. & Vriese, Tijdschr. 11 (1844) 115; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 1. Myanmar to Sumatra, Borneo, Java Sulawesi, New Guinea, and the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, PALAWAN, LEYTE, BOHOL, MINDANAO. In forests behind mangrove swamps.

Uncertain Name

  1. Gymnostoma mesostrobilum ined. Name not in IPNI. Used in several publications on the web. Photos


Johnson, LAS. 1982. Notes on Casuarinaceae. II. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Garden 6: 73-87.

Johns, RJ. 1988. The Flowering Plants of Papuasia, Dicotyledons 2: 121-125.

Steane, DA, KL Wilson and RS Hill. 2003. Using matK sequence data to unravel the phylogeny of Casuarinaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 47-49.

Torrey, JG and RH Berg. 1988. Some morphological features for generic characterization among the Casuarinaceae. American Journal of Botany 75(6): 864-875.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 24 July 2017