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Cleomaceae

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 July 2013

Cleome L.

Photos
  1. Cleome gynandra L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 671; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101; --Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genève 17 (1914) 382; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209. --Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. Sri Lanka and India, throughout SE and E Asia to as far north as Beijing. Throughout Malesia and the Philippines. Widely introduced in the Neotropics. A common roadside and rice field weed, from the lowlands up to c. 500m.
  2. Cleome rutidosperma DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 241; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103, Fig. 30, 33b. Native in W tropical Africa. First recorded in Malesia around 1920 (in Manila around 1948). Now a very common lowland weed along roadsides, waste places, etc. Photos
  3. Cleome speciosa Raf., Fl. Ludovic. (1817) 86; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101. --Gynandropis speciosa (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth,) DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209. Native of the Neotropics, now pantropic. Cultivated as an ornamental in SE Asia. LUZON: La Union, Manila, Cavite, LEYTE. Occasionally escaping.
  4. Cleome spinosa Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. (1760) 26; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 102. Native of the Neotropics, occasionally cultivated in the tropical and temperate zones. In the Philippines thoroughly naturalized and very abundant along streams in Benguet. Photos
  5. Cleome viscosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 672; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103, Fig. 32c-d; --Polanisia viscosa (L.) DC, Prodr. 1 (1824) 242; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. --Polanisia icosandra (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 22; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome icosandra L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 672. Native in the Old World, from tropical Africa and S Arabia to tropical Australia. Common throughout Malesia. Adventive in the Neotropics. A very common weed along roadsides, wastelands, rice fields, etc. at low and medium altitudes. Photos

Literature

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 61-105. [Contains Cleome]

Su, J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang & Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611.

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Last updated July 21, 2013