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Clusiaceae

= Guttiferae

Garcinia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2018

Photos
  1. Garcinia benthami Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 1 (1889) t. 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. S Vietnam, Philippines. PALAWAN, BALABAC. Low elevation primary forests.
  2. Garcinia bicolorata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1790; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Forests along streams, c. 600m.
  3. Garcinia binucao (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83; --Cambogia binucao Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 434. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon), MINDORO, BURIAS, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS. Low elevation primary forests, often common. Photos
  4. Garcinia brevirostris Scheff., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 31 (1870) 353; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. --Garcinia eugeniifolia Wall. ex T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. India 1 (1874) 268. --Garcinia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1053. --Garcinia microphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 20; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Andaman Isls, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Banka, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, CEBU, LEYTE, BASILAN. Primary forests at low and medium elevation up to c. 1000m.
  5. Garcinia busuangaensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 472; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 41243 Ramos (NY, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA. Dry forests at low elevation.
  6. Garcinia celebica L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 7. --Garcinia cumingiana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 5 (1883) 11; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Java, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Cagayan. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  7. Garcinia cordata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 199; EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Low elevation forests along streams.
  8. Garcinia dives Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 35; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. --Garcinia palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1791. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  9. Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43(2) (1874) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Peninsular Malaysia to the Moluccas. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon) to PALAWAN, BALABAC and MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  10. Garcinia garciae Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1048; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting). Forested ridges, c. 750m.
  11. Garcinia heterophylla Merr., PJS C 12 (1917) 285; --Type: Ramos 26457, Luzon: Nueva Ecija (Mt Umingan), 13-Aug-1916, c. 300m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija.
  12. Garcinia ituman Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, AMBIL, PANAY, BOHOL. On rocky forested slopes in limestone regions.
  13. Garcinia lateriflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 214; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Java, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Abra, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  14. Garcinia linearifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1051; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Forests along streams, c. 225m.
  15. Garcinia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 37; --Type: Loher 12339 (K), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  16. Garcinia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Atimonan), SIBUYAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  17. Garcinia macgregorii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 198; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  18. Garcinia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 367; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Forests at medium elevation.
  19. Garcinia moseleyana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 10; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. --Garcinia sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1487. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao, MALAMAUI, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  20. Garcinia multibracteolata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Primary forests, c. 150m.
  21. Garcinia murdochii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82 (1920) 169. Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN (Ridsdale 154, L).
  22. Garcinia nervosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 208; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation.
  23. Garcinia pacifica Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 28649 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov. (Mt Binuang), 300m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Primary lowland forest, 300m.
  24. Garcinia ramosii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  25. Garcinia rhizophoroides Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1049; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, SIBUYAN, LEYTE. Primary forests, 150-500m. Photos
  26. Garcinia rubra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 366; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: R.C. McGregor 192 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Baco River, Apr-1905. --Garcinia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: C.A. Wenzel 632 (A, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Jaro, in forest, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  27. Garcinia samarensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 197; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Damp primary forests at low elevation.
  28. Garcinia subelliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Java, Ryukyu Isl, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon (Mauban), Camarines, POLILLO. Forests immediately behind sandy beaches. Photos
  29. Garcinia sulphurea Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1789; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  30. Garcinia tetrandra Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 20; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  31. Garcinia venulosa (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87; --Cambogia venulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 435. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon, in most or all provinces), MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low elevation, often abundant.
  32. Garcinia vidalii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 360; EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  33. Garcinia whitfordii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 474; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: FB 9142 Whitford & Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. In lowland rainforest.
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Garcinia brasiliensis Mart., Flora 24 (2, Beibl.) (1841) 34; --Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310. Photos
  2. Garcinia intermedia (Pittier) Hammel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76(3) (1989) 927. --Rheedia edulis (Seem.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310; --Calophyllum edule Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1853) 89. Photos
  3. Garcinia mangostana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 635; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Planted in some parts of the Philippines, particularly Mindanao and Sulu. Introduced from Malaya. Mangosteen. Photos

Acknowledgements

 Richard F. Clemente kindly provided some of the photos on this web page.

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 September 2018