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Clusiaceae

= Guttiferae

Garcinia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos
  1. Garcinia benthami Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 1 (1889) t. 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. S Vietnam, Philippines. PALAWAN, BALABAC. Low elevation primary forests.
  2. Garcinia bicolorata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1790; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. PALAWAN. Forests along streams, c. 600m.
  3. Garcinia binucao (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83; --Cambogia binucao Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 434. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon), MINDORO, BURIAS, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS. Low elevation primary forests, often common. Photos
  4. Garcinia brevirostris Scheff., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 31 (1870) 353; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. --Garcinia eugeniifolia Wall. ex T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. India 1 (1874) 268. --Garcinia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1053. --Garcinia microphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 20; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Andaman Isls, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Banka, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, CEBU, LEYTE, BASILAN. Primary forests at low and medium elevation up to c. 1000m.
  5. Garcinia busuangaensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 472; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 41243 Ramos (NY, iso). BUSUANGA. Dry forests at low elevation.
  6. Garcinia celebica L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 7. --Garcinia cumingiana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 5 (1883) 11; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Cagayan. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  7. Garcinia cordata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 199; EPFP 3 (1923) 83. LUZON: Cagayan. Low elevation forests along streams.
  8. Garcinia dives Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 35; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. --Garcinia palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1791. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  9. Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43(2) (1874) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Peninsular Malaysia to the Moluccas. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon) to PALAWAN, BALABAC and MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  10. Garcinia garciae Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1048; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting). Forested ridges, c. 750m.
  11. Garcinia heterophylla Merr., PJS C 12 (1917) 285; --Type: Ramos 26457, Luzon: Nueva Ecija (Mt Umingan), 13-Aug-1916, c. 300m. LUZON: Nueva Ecija.
  12. Garcinia ituman Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249. MINDORO, AMBIL, PANAY, BOHOL. On rocky forested slopes in limestone regions.
  13. Garcinia lateriflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 214; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Java, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Abra, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  14. Garcinia linearifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1051; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. SIBUYAN. Forests along streams, c. 225m.
  15. Garcinia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 37; --Type: Loher 12339 (K), Luzon. LUZON.
  16. Garcinia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. LUZON: Quezon (Atimonan), SIBUYAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  17. Garcinia macgregorii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 198; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  18. Garcinia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 367; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Forests at medium elevation.
  19. Garcinia moseleyana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 10; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. LUZON: Sorsogon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao, MALAMAUI, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  20. Garcinia multibracteolata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. MINDANAO: Surigao. Primary forests, c. 150m.
  21. Garcinia murdochii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82 (1920) 169. PALAWAN (Ridsdale 154, L).
  22. Garcinia nervosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 208; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation.
  23. Garcinia pacifica Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 28649 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov. (Mt Binuang), 300m. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Primary lowland forest, 300m.
  24. Garcinia ramosii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. LUZON: Cagayan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  25. Garcinia rhizophoroides Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1049; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. LUZON: Camarines, SIBUYAN, LEYTE. Primary forests, 150-500m. Photos
  26. Garcinia rubra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 366; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: R.C. McGregor 192 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Baco River, Apr-1905. --Garcinia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: C.A. Wenzel 632 (A, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Jaro, in forest, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1914. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  27. Garcinia samarensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 197; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. SAMAR. Damp primary forests at low elevation.
  28. Garcinia subelliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon (Mauban), Camarines, POLILLO. Forests immediately behind sandy beaches.
  29. Garcinia sulphurea Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1789; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  30. Garcinia tetrandra Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 20; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  31. Garcinia venulosa (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87; --Cambogia venulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 435. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon, in most or all provinces), MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low elevation, often abundant.
  32. Garcinia vidalii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 360; EPFP 3 (1923) 87. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  33. Garcinia whitfordii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 474; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: FB 9142 Whitford & Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. In lowland rainforest.
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Garcinia brasiliensis Mart., Flora 24 (2, Beibl.) (1841) 34; --Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310. Photos
  2. Garcinia intermedia (Pittier) Hammel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76(3) (1989) 927. --Rheedia edulis (Seem.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310; --Calophyllum edule Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1853) 89. Photos
  3. Garcinia mangostana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 635; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Planted in some parts of the Philippines, particularly Mindanao and Sulu. Introduced from Malaya. Mangosteen. Photos

Acknowledgements

 Richard F. Clemente kindly provided some of the photos on this web page.

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 22 October 2017