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 Aclisia E.Mey. = Pollia

 Amischotolype Hassk.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 April 2014

  1. Amischotolype hispida (Less. & A Rich.) Hong, Act. Phytotax. Sin. 12 (1974) 461; --Forrestia hispida Less. & A Rich., Sert. Astrolab. (1834) 2, t. 1; --Type from New Guinea. --Forrestia hispida var. philippinensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 197; --Type: Merrill 4051 (PNH, holo; K, photo iso). S China, Taiwan, Ryukyus, Indochina, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan. Low and medium altitude forests, thickets and old clearings at the vicinity of primary forests. Photos
  2. Amischotolype marginata (Blume) Hassk., Flora 46 (1863) 392; --Campelia marginata Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1827) 7; --Type from Indonesia. Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia , Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, PALAWAN: Puerto Princesa, Brooke’s Point. Photos

Aneilema auctt., non R.Br. (no Philippine representative; = various genera)

Belosynapsis Hassk.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2012

  1. Belosynapsis ciliata (Blume) RS Rao, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 25 (1964s) 187; --Cyanotis ciliata (Blume) Bakh. f., Blumea 6 (1950) 399. --Cyanotis capitata (Blume) CB Clarke, in DC, Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 243; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 198. India, S China, Taiwan, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea. Photos
  2. Belosynapsis moluccana (Roxb.) C.E.C.Fisch., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1928) 406; --Cyanotis moluccana (Roxb.) Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 266; Fl. Manila (1912) 139; EPFP 1 (1922) 199. Java, Borneo, Moluccas. LUZON: Mountain Province, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Low and medium altitudes, on boulders in ravines, along small streams, etc.

Commelina L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

  1. Commelina benghalensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 41; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 138; EPFP 1 (1922) 195. Tropical Africa and Asia to Japan and Malaya. Introduced in the Americas. Throughout the Philippines. Lowland and medium elevation grasslands, waste places in the settled areas. Often common. Photos
  2. Commelina caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. (1788) 68. Himalaya to India. Not native in the Philippines.
  3. Commelina diffusa Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 18, t. 7, Fig. 2. Photos
  4. Commelina suffruticosa Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1 (1827) 3. Himalaya to W. Malesia, Philippines. CULION (Merrill 531, US).
  5. Commelina undulata R.Br. Prodr. (1810) 270; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 195. Throughout SE Asia, Australia, Philippines. LUZON (Loher s.n., US).
Doubtful taxa:
  1. Commelina chamissonis Klotz. ex CB Clarke in DC, Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 186; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 195. “The type is a specimen from Luzon, collected by Chamisso, probably from either Cavite or Batangas Province or possibly from the vicinity of Manila. I have seen no specimens I can with certainty refer to it, but some may have been distributed sub C. nudiflora L.” –Merr. (1922: 195). Endemic to the Philippines.

Cyanotis D.Don

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

  1. Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 46; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 140; EPFP 1 (1922) 198. India to China through Malaya to Australia. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Low to medium elevation in clearings, open places along streams, rice paddies, etc. Photos
  2. Cyanotis cristata (L.) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 72 (1830) 1150; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 140; EPFP 1 (1922) 198. India to Mauritius to Malaya. LUZON (most or all provinces), BASILAN. Old clearings, open places along streams, about cliffs, etc. At low and medium elevation. Photos
  3. Cyanotis pedunculata Merr., PJS c 10 (1915) 266. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE.

 Floscopa Lour.

  1. Floscopa scandens Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 193; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 199. India to China through Malaya to tropical Australia. N LUZON (Cagayan) to the CALAMIANES and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. In wet places along small streams at low and medium elevation. Photos

 Forrestia Rich. non Raf. = Amischotolype

 Murdannia Royle

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & James V. LaFrankie, 16 April 2016

  1. Murdannia edulis (Stokes) Faden India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S China, Taiwan, Java, Kangean Is., Timor, Philippines, Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Pangasinan, Rizal. Lowlands, in shaded places along streams.
  2. Murdannia gigantea (Vahl) Brückn. Tropical Africa and Asia through Malesia to tropical Australia. SEMIRARA, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Low and medium elevation open grasslands.
  3. Murdannia loriformis (Hassk.) RS Rao & Kammathy. Photos
  4. Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan. India to China, the Ryukyu Isls, and Malaya. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation, in open grasslands, waste places, etc. Common.
  5. Murdannia spectabilis (Kurz) Faden. Extra-Philippine range? LUZON: Bulacan, SEMIRARA. Low elevation open wet grasslands.
  6. Murdannia spirata (L.) Brückn.  India to Indochina, China, and Java.
  7. Murdannia versicolor (Dalz) Brückn. India. LUZON: Rizal, CULION. Lowlands. Open wet grasslands, fallow rice paddies, etc. Photos
  8. Murdannia vaginata G.Brückn., Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2 15a (1930) 173. Throughout Southeast Asia, Australia, Philippines.

Pollia Thunb.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 April 2014

  1. Pollia macrophylla (R.Br.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 90; --Aneilema macrophyllum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 270. --Aclisia cumingiana Hassk.. Commelin. Ind. (1870) 47. Australia, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Mt. Apo. Photos
  2. Pollia secundiflora (Blume) Bakh.f. in Backer, Beknopte Fl. Java Afl. x a. Fam. 211 (1949) 10, in clavi; --Type from Indonesia. --Pollia sorzogonensis (E.Mey.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 2 (1841) 368; --Aclisia sorzogonensis E.Mey., Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1827) 138, t. 25. India, Sri Lanka, Sikkim, Bhutan, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, S China, Taiwan, Ryukyus, Philippines, Indonesia and the Philippines. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Low and medium altitude forests. Photos
  3. Pollia thyrsiflora (Blume) Steud., Nomencl. ed. 2, 2 (1841) 368; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 195; --Tradescantia thyrsiflora Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1 (1827) 6; --Type from Indonesia. --Pollia philippinensis Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. i. (1908) 275; --Type: Elmer 9162, Luzon: Tayabas prov, Lucban, May-1907. Andaman Isls to Java and Sulawesi.  LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon), to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation forests. Photos
Note by P.B. Pelser (1-Apr-14): the name Pollia sumatrana Hassk. has been incorrectly applied to Philippine plants according to LaFrankie (pers. comm. 2014).

 Rhoeo Hance  = Tradescantia sect. Rhoeo (Hance) DR Hunt

 Rhopalephora Hassk.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & James V. LaFrankie, 16 April 2016

  1. Rhopalephora scaberrima (Blume) Faden, Phytologia 37 (1977) 480. Himalaya to W and C Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal.
  2. Rhopalephora vitiensis (Seem.) Faden, Biosyst. Study Gen. Aneilema (Commelinaceae) 2 (1975) 395; --Aneilema vitiense Seem., Fl. Vit. (1865-73) 314, t. 96; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 197. --Aneilema vitiense var. petiolata CB Clarke in DC. Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 220; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 197. Philippines, Fiji, Samoa. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO, in most islands and provinces. Lowlands and medium elevation, ascending to 1400m, shaded ravines along creek gullies. Photos

 Setcreasea Schumann & Sydow  = Tradescantia sect. Setcreasea (Schumann & Sydow) DR Hunt

 Tradescantia L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

  1. Tradescantia pallida (Rose) DR Hunt, Kew Bull. 30 (1975) 452. Setcreasea purpurea Boom, Acta Bot. Neerl. 4 (1955) 167; --Type from Mexico. Native of SE US, Mexico and Central America. Widely grown as an ornamental in the tropics. Photos
  2. Tradescantia spathacea Sw., Prodr. 57 [June-July] 1788; --Rhoeo spathacea (Sw.) Stearn, Baileya 5 (1957) 195. --Rhoeo discolor (L’Her.) Hance ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3 (1853) 660; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 139; EPFP 1 (1922) 195; --Tradescantia discolor L’Her., Sert. Angl. 8 (late 1788 or Jan 1789) t. 12 Indigenous to Central America, now widely cultivated in the tropics, easily escaping and often becoming naturalized. Photos
  3. Tradescantia zebrina Heynh., Alp. Aufz. Gew. (1847) 735; --Type: not known, based on material cultivated in Europe. Photos

Tricarpelema JK Morton

No Photos
  1. Tricarpelema philippense (Panigrahi) Faden, Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 76 (1991) 153; --Dictyospermum philippense Panigrahi, Phytologia 29 (1975 publ. 1974) 338. --Aneilema humile Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 4; EPFP 1 (1922) 196, non Warb., 1891; --Type: Merrill 10459. ALABAT. Lowland forests on wet slopes.

Zebrina Schnizlein = Tradescantia sect. Zebrina (Schnizlein) DR Hunt


Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1968. Flora of Java 3: 12-22.

Brennan, JPM. 1966. The classification of Commelinaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 59: 349-370.

Duistermaat, H. 2012. A taxonomic revision of Amischotolype (Commelinaceae) in Asia. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 64: 51–131

Wang JC, Chen YJ & Peng CI. 2000. Commelinaceae. Flora of Taiwan 2nd. edition 5: 153-178.


Jonah van Beijnen and Ravan Schneider kindly contributed some of the photographs for this web page.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 November 2016