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Convolvulaceae

Aniseia Choisy

[Not native]

No Photos
  1. Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) Choisy, Conv. Rar. (1838) 144; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 435, Fig. 21. Native to tropical and subtropical America.

 Argyreia Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Argyreia apoensis (Elmer) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 344; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Rivea apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2604; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Mt Apo. In forests, c. 450m, forming dense tangled masses. Possibly only a variety of A. barnesii (Merr.) Ooststr.
  2. Argyreia barnesii (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 343; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Rivea barnesii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 40; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Argyreia boholensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 345; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Lettsonia boholensis Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 485. Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL. Forest clearings and along streams, 300-600m.
  4. Argyreia luzonensis (Hallier f.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 505; --Rivea luzonensis Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 714, t. 19; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Lanao. Common in thickets and forests, especially along mountain streams at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1500m.
  5. Argyreia nellygherya Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1833 publ. 1834) 414. India, Philippines.
  6. Argyreia nitida (Desr.) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 6 (1833) 424; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 339; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 498. --Argyreia mollis Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386, non Choisy. --Argyreia purpuricarpa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1766; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 372. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna, CULION, PALAWAN, PANAY. In thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation.
  7. Argyreia paucinervia Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347, Fig. 1, a; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510, Fig. 2. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moises). Forest slopes, c. 1000m.
  8. Argyreia pedicellata Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379, note, Fig. 2, h-j; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 500. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  9. Argyreia philippinensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 341; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499; --Lettsomia philippinensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 488; EPFP 4 (1925) 251. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES. Damp forests at low elevation.
  10. Argyreia samarensis Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347, Fig. 1, b; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510, Fig. 61 c; --Type: BS 17489 Ramos (L, US, iso), Samar. Mar/Apr-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR.
  11. Argyreia sorsogonensis (Elmer) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 340; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 503; --Rivea sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3721. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan). In light woods among shrubberies at 300m.

Non naturalized cultivated plant:

  1. Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Boj., Hort. Maurit. (1837) 244; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386; EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499. Native in India from Assam and Bengal to Belgaum & Mysore. Cultivated in other tropical countries and occasionally escaped. In the Philippines cultivated as a garden plant but not naturalized. Photos (non-Philippine)

Excluded:

  1. Rivea leucocarpa Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3720. According to Ooststroom (Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 512), this belongs to Ehretia (Boraginaceae).

 Bonamia Thouars

No Photos
  1. Bonamia semidigyna (Roxb.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 528; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 398, Fig. 6.

 Calonyction Choisy = Ipomoea

Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. 

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

Photos
  1. Dichondra micrantha Urb., Symb. Antill. 9 (1924) 243. --Dichondra repens auct. non J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. (1776) 39, t. 20; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395, Fig. 3. Ubiquitous in the warmer regions of the world, everywhere local. In Malesia: LUZON: Mountain Province. Dry slopes, c. 1300m.

 Erycibe Roxb.

No Photos
  1. Erycibe forbesii Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 73, 2 (1904) 15; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 420. Sumatra (Lampongs), Java (W & E), Kangean Isls, Borneo (Balikpapan) and the Philippines.
  2. Erycibe malaccensis CB Clarke in JD Hook., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1883) 182;--Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 428. --Erycibe dubia Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 589; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358. Peninsular Malaysia, W Java(?), Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, NEGROS. Low and medium elevation forests.
  3. Erycibe micrantha Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 524; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 412. --Erycibe griffithii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358, non CB Clarke. --Erycibe lateraliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1767. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas (local in all these islands). PALAWAN, LEYTE. Low elevation forests.
  4. Erycibe ramosii Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 316; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 419. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, LEYTE.
  5. Erycibe sargentii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 56; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 413. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, PANAY, MINDANAO. Forested slopes at low elevation. Fl. Feb.-May.
  6. Erycibe sericea Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 317; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 416, Fig. 8-9. Endemic to the Philippines. MALAMUI (island close to N BASILAN). Known only from the type collection.
  7. Erycibe terminaliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1768; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 418. --Erycibe rheedii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358, pro parte, non Blume (1826). --Erycibe hallieriana Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe pararan Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe copelandii Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3077. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, MASBATE, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 1200m.
  8. Erycibe tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. 16 (1826) 1048; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 426, Fig. 18. --Erycibe princii Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1335, ‘princei’ nom. nud.; ex Choisy in DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 464; -- Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358.

 Evolvulus L.

Photos
  1. Evolvulus alsinoides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 392; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395, Fig. 4-5. Photos
    Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines. Open dry grasslands at low and medium elevation. Often common. The four varieties in the Philippines distinguished by Ooststroom intergrade to a high degree, hence the recognition here of just one highly variable species.

Hewittia Wight & Arn.

Photos
  1. Hewittia malabarica (L.) Suresh, Interpret. Rheede’s Hort. Malab. (1988) 88; --Staples & Yang SZ in TC Huang (ed.) Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 353, photo 207; --Convolvulus malabaricus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. --Hewittia sublobata (L.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 441; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 359;--Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 438, Fig. 22. Tropical Africa (S to Natal) and tropical Asia, across Malesia to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in open grasslands and waste places, low and medium elevation, often common. Photos

Ipomoea L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

Photos
  1. Ipomoea aculeata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 715; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 486.
  2. Ipomoea alba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 547; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 480, Fig. 53. --Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 590; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369. Originally from the Neotropics, now pantropic. LUZON: La Union, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, PALMAS, JOLO, MINDANAO. Settled areas, thickets, hedges, along trails at low and medium elevation. Also often near the sea. Photos
  3. Ipomoea aquatica Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. (1775) 44; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 528; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 473, Fig. 47, 47A, 48. Pantropic.
  4. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir., in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1804) 14; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 512; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 469. Cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.
  5. Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1 (1805) 183. --Ipomoea plebeia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 492; Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 463, Fig. 37; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. Australia (Queensland), Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok; Sumbawa; Timor), S Sulawesi, Java, Kangean, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, only known from one collection, Vanoverbergh 1410.
  6. Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. (1827) 287; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 542; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478.
  7. Ipomoea campanulata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 160; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558. --Ipomoea illustris (CB Clarke) Prain, Beng. Pl. 2 (1903) 735; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 566; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 485. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Moluccas (Seram), New Guinea (Papua). LUZON. Seashores and along coastal thickets and forest edges near the sea.
  8. Ipomoea diversifolia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 487; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 545; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 479, Fig. 52. India to NE Australia. In Malesia: Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Dry open places at low elevation.
  9. Ipomoea eriocarpa R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 462, Fig. 35-36; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 490. --Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 4 (1819) 238, non Zuccagni, 1809; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, and tropical Asia to N Australia. In Malesia: Sumatra, Java, Madura, Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Timor, Wetar, Moa), Papua New Guinea.
  10. Ipomoea hederifolia L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 (1759) 925; --Ooststr., Nova Guinea n.s. 6 (1955) 28; --Addenda, corrigenda et emendanda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 563. --Ipomoea angulata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 464; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 553; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481, Fig. 54. --Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxb.) Choisy, Conv. Or. (1834) 51; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. In Malesia cultivated for ornamental purposes but has run wild in waste places, fields, grasslands, thickets and thin forests. Photos
  11. Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. (1866) 203. --Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyr.) JF Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13, 2 (1791) 345; --Merr., EPFP 3(1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 540; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478, Fig. 51-52, nom. superfl. Tropical and subtropical countries of both hemispheres. In Malesia: apparently rare, Peninsular Malaysia, Madura, and the Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Cagayan. On sandybeach along seashore. Photos
  12. Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 445. --Ipomoea acuminata (Vahl) Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 4 (1819) 228; --addenda& corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 939. --Ipomoea congesta R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 885; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 500; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465, Fig. 39A. Pantropical. Throughout Malesia but yet to be found in Borneo. Photos
  13. Ipomoea littoralis Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 713; --Ooststr., --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. --Ipomoea gracilis Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365, non R.Br. (1810); --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 516; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 470, Fig. 42. Madagascar and adjacent islands, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, throughout Malesia, eastwards to N Australia and the Pacific islands. Sandy beaches and coastal thickets.
  14. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq., Collect. 4 (1791) 216; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea digitata auctt., non L. (1759); --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 558; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 483, Fig. 55; non L. (1759). Pantropic; throughout Malesia. LUZON: La Union, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, CULION, CORON, MINDANAO. Along coastal thickets and along streams at low elevation. Photos
  15. Ipomoea muricata (L.) Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 3 (1798) 40, t. 323, non Cav. 1799; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 551; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481. --Calonyction muricatum (L.) G Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 264; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370. From Mexico to Colombia and Brazil, the West Indies, tropical Africa and adjacent islands to India, China, and Japan. In Malesia: cultivated in the Philippines.
  16. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, Cat. Bot. 1 (1797) 36; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 497; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465. --Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq., Icon. Pl. Rar. 1 (1781) t. 36; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365. Circumtropical. Throughout Malesia but yet to be found in Borneo.
  17. Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker, Bot. Reg. T. 239; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 519; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 471, Fig. 44. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, throughout Malesia to N Australia and Fiji. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste areas, etc. Photos
  18. Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. in Tuckey, Narr. Exp. Zaire (March 1818) 477, non (L.) Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. (July 1818) 35; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 538; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 475, Fig. 49-50; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941; --Convolvulus pes-caprae L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159.  Photos
  19. Ipomoea pes-tigridis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 162; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 504; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467, Fig. 40. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia, throughout Malesia. Grasslands, waste places, thickets, fields, sea level to 1000m.
  20. Ipomoea pileata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366, under synonymy of I. involucrata; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 507; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467. --Ipomoea involucrata sensu Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366, non P. Beauv. (1807). E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia from India to China, Indochina and Hainan, in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia (Perlis), Banka, Java, Borneo, Philippines. CULION. Photos
  21. Ipomoea polymorpha Roemer & Schultes, Syst.4 (1819) 254; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 493; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 464, Fig. 38-39. Ethiopia, ?India, Indochina, and Taiwan to NE Australia. In Malesia: Philippines, E Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba; Flores; Timor), New Guinea and Thursday Is. Regions with marked dry season.
  22. Ipomoea quamoclit L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 555; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 482. --Quamoclit pinnata (Desr.) Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 224; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370 (as ‘pennata’). Pantropic. Cultivated and runs wild all over Malesia. Photos
  23. Ipomoea rubens Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 463; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea riparia G Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 265; --Ooststr.; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 484. --Ipomoea fragrans Bojer ex Choisy in DC, Prodr. 9 (1845) 393; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Oostsr., Blumea 3 (1940) 564; Guianas, tropical Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands, Malesia: Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali). LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Thickets in and bordering freshwater swamps.
  24. Ipomoea setosa Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4 (1819) t. 335. --Ipomoea campaniflora Hallier f., Meded. Rijksherb. Leiden no. 46 (1922) 20; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 580; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 488. --Calonyction campanulatum Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5 (1897) 1050, t. 18, Fig.2; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 369.  Native of Mexico and Central America. Beach and coastal thickets. 
  25. Ipomoea triloba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 509; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 468, Fig. 41. Native of tropical America, now a pantropic weed. Throughout Malesia. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste places, etc. Sea level to 300m elevation. Photos
  26. Ipomoea violacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161.--Ipomoea macrantha Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4 (1819) 451; --xxxx, Addenda & Corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558, nom. superfl. --Calonyction album (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 591; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369. --Ipomoea tuba (Schlechtend.) G Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 271; --Ooststr., Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 487. Tropical America, E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, and tropical continental Asia to Polynesia, throughout Malesia, tropical Australia.

Cultivated only:

  1. Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, Bot. Abhandl. (1787) 27; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 496; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465. Native in the Americas from New Mexico and Virginia to as far S as Argentina and Uruguay. In Malesia occasionally cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes, but showing no tendency to become naturalized. Photos

 Jacquemontia Choisy

Photos
  1. Jacquemontia paniculata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 95; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 432, Fig. 19.

Lepistemon Blume 

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Lepistemon binectarifer (Wall.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 446; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 489, Fig. 56. ?Hainan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Kei Is). LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, La Union, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation thickets, often common.

 Lettsomia Roxb. = Argyreia

Merremia Dennst. ex Endl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

Photos
  1. Merremia dissecta (Jacq.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16 (1893) 552. Tropical and subtropical America. Not native to Philippines.
  2. Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 312; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 444; ibid. 5 (1958) 560. Tropical Africa, tropical Asia, in Malesia: SE Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor; Sumbawa), New Guinea (Irian). LUZON. Confined to regions with strong to very strong dry season, on rather heavy soils, in open areas from sea-level to 200m. Photos
  3. Merremia gemella (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441, Fig. 23c. Photos
  4. Merremia hederacea (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 168; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 302, Fig. 1, e-f, m-n; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441, Fig. 23 a-b; 24 c-d. Tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia from the Himalayas southwards to Sri Lanka and eastwards to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, S China, throughout Malesia, to Queensland, and the Carolines (Yap). Also in Christmas Is. Photos
  5. Merremia hirta (L.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 244; Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 307, Fig. 1, k; Fig. 2, P-W; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 442, Fig. 25. --Ipomoea reptans (L.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1814) 460; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 368.
  6. Merremia peltata (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 441; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 452, Fig. 31. Madagascar, Mascarene Isls, Seychelles, Thailand, throughout Malesia, N & E tropical Australia, Polynesia. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Often common in secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Philippine forms are apparently uniformly yellow flowered. Photos
  7. Merremia pulchra Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 348, Fig. 3, a-c; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 451. Borneo (N Sarawak), a specimen collected in the Philippines by GT Lay without exact locality (BM) seems to be conspecific. [Fl. Males. 4 (1953) 451b].
  8. Merremia quinata (R.Br.) Ooststr., J. Arnold Arb. 29 (1948) 417; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447. --Ipomoea quinata R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 486; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367. N Australia, Queensland, NE New Guinea, Philippines. Also mentioned from Myanmar & S China, but not certainly conspecific. LUZON: Benguet. Grasslands or thickets.
  9. Merremia similis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 335; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360, under synonymy of M. distillatoria; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454. --?Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 325; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Misamis, Surigao. Thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Merrill assumes this species to be conspecific with Convolvulus distillatorius Blanco. If this is accepted, the correct name for the species would be Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr. However, in Ooststroom’s opinion, this identity is not quite certain.
  10. Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle in Fl. Trop. Afr. 4, 2 (1905) 104; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447, Fig. 29; --Operculina tuberosa (L) Meissn. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 212; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363. Probably of tropical American origin; distributed through tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, India, Sri Lanka; in Malesia cultivated and rarely escaped.
  11. Merremia umbellata (L.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389, incl. var. occidentalis Hallier f. & var. orientalis; EPFP 3 (1923) 362. Photos
  12. Merremia vitifolia (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 448. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls to Indochina, throughout Malesia. In regions with rather pronounced dry season. LUZON: Laguna, PALAWAN, BALABAC, NEGROS. Open grasslands, abandoned clearings, thickets at low elevation. Photos

Uncertain distribution in the Philippines:

  1. Merremia mammosa (Lour.) Hallier f., Teysmannia 7 (1897) 164; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 450. Ascribed to the Philippines by Rumphius.

Operculina Silva Manso

Photos
  1. Operculina riedeliana (Oliv.) Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 366; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 457. --Operculina bufalina (Lour.) Hallier f., Meded. Risjks Herb. 1 (1910) 26; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 363. Indochina (?), in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia (Negri Sembilan), W Java, Philippines, S Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores; Timor; Wetar), Moluccas (Kei; Buru), W-E New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Bataan, Rizal, CEBU. Low elevation thickets and secondary forests.
  2. Operculina turpethum (L.) S Manso, Enum. Subst. Braz. (1836) 16; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454, Fig. 32a-b, 33. Tropical E Africa, Mascarene Isls, Seychelles, S & SE Asia to tropical Australia and Polynesia. In Malesia: not yet recorded from Sumatra, extremely rare in Borneo; introduced in Peninsular Malaysia and the West Indies. Photos

Porana Burm.f.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Porana volubilis Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 51, t. 21, Fig. 1; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 402, Fig. 8-9; --Staples, Blumea 51 (2006) 456, Map 10. Probably native in Thailand, S Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Kalimantan), Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi; seemingly introduced and naturalized in S India, Myanmar, and the Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS. Disturbed forests and thickets.

Porania = Porana

Poranopsis Burm.f. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Poranopsis paniculata (Roxb.) Roberty, Candollea 14 (1952) 26; --Porana paniculata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3 (1819) 31; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1938) 87; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 404, Fig. 10, Native of N India and N Myanmar. Cultivated as an ornamental elsewhere in the tropics, occasionally escaping.

Quamoclit Moench = Ipomoea

 Rivea Choisy = Argyreia

Stictocardia Hall.f. [Not native]

No Photos
  1. Stictocardia tiliifolia (Desr.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 159; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; --Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 346, Fig. 1, g-h; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 491. --Stictocardia campanulata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 133; EPFP 3 (1923) 372, non House (1909). Pantropic. Throughout Malesia (except New Guinea). Introduced in the Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Benguet, Cagayan, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Albay, ALABAT, TICAO, NEGROS, MINDANAO.

 Turbina Raf.

No Photos
  1. Turbina corymbosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4, 1836 (1838)81; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 493; --Legendrea corymbosa (L.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 355; --Rivea corymbosa (L.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 157; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 387; EPFP 3 (1923) 371. Native of tropical America, introduced here and there in the Old World. Naturalized in the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna. In some places now spontaneous in thickets and secondary forests.

Xenostegia D.F.Austin & Staples

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

Photos
  1. Xenostegia tridentata (L.) D.F.Austin & Staples, Brittonia 32 (1981) 533. --Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 552. Tropical E Africa, tropical Asia from India (Khasya Hills) and Bangladesh southwards to Sri Lanka, eastwards and southwards to China, Hongkong,Taiwan, throughout Malesia, and tropical Australia. Open grasslands including cogonals, thickets, along trails, etc. Photos

Literature

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1934. A monograph of the genus Evolvulus. Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14: 1-267.

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1953. Convolvulaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 388-512


Ooststroom, SJ van. 1958. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 558-564


Ooststroom, SJ van. 1972. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 936-941.

Staples, GW. 2006. Revision of Asiatic Poraneae (Convolvulaceae) – Cordisepalum, Dinetus, Duperreya, Porana, Poranopsis, and Tridynamia. Blumea 51: 403-491.

Acknowledgements

Ravan Schneider kindly contributed some of the photographs on this webpage.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 November 2016