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Convolvulaceae

Aniseia Choisy [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) Choisy, Conv. Rar. (1838) 144; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 435; --Convolvulus martinicensis Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. (1763) 26. Native to tropical and subtropical America.

 Argyreia Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Argyreia apoensis (Elmer) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 344; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Rivea apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2604; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Mt Apo. In forests, c. 450m, forming dense tangled masses. Possibly only a variety of Argyreia barnesii (Merr.) Ooststr.
  2. Argyreia barnesii (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 343; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Rivea barnesii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 40; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Argyreia boholensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 345; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Lettsonia boholensis Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 485. Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL. Forest clearings and along streams, 300-600m. Photos
  4. Argyreia luzonensis (Hallier f.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 505; --Rivea luzonensis Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 714; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Lanao. Common in thickets and forests, especially along mountain streams at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1500m.
  5. Argyreia nellygherya Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1833 publ. 1834) 414. India, Philippines.
  6. Argyreia nitida (Desr.) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 6 (1833) 424; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 339; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 498; --Convolvulus nitidus Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 544. --Argyreia mollis auct. non (Burm.f.) Choisy; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386. --Argyreia purpuricarpa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1766; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 372. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Pampanga, Rizal, Laguna, CULION, PALAWAN, PANAY. In thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation.
  7. Argyreia paucinervia Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moises). Forest slopes, c. 1000m.
  8. Argyreia pedicellata Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 500. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  9. Argyreia philippinensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 341; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499; --Lettsomia philippinensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 488; EPFP 4 (1925) 251. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES. Damp forests at low elevation.
  10. Argyreia samarensis Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510; --Type: BS 17489 Ramos (L, US, iso), Samar: Mar/Apr-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR.
  11. Argyreia sorsogonensis (Elmer) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 340; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 503; --Rivea sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3721. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan). In light woods among shrubberies at 300m.

Non naturalized cultivated plant:

  1. Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 244; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386; EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499; --Convolvulus nervosus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 48. Native in India from Assam and Bengal to Belgaum & Mysore. Cultivated in other tropical countries and occasionally escaped. In the Philippines cultivated as a garden plant but not naturalized. Photos

 Bonamia Thouars

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Bonamia semidigyna (Roxb.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 528; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 398; --Convolvulus semidigynus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 47.

 Calonyction Choisy = Ipomoea

Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. 

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

Photos
  1. Dichondra micrantha Urb., Symb. Antill. 9 (1924) 243. --Dichondra repens auct. non J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395. Ubiquitous in the warmer regions of the world, everywhere local. Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Dry slopes, c. 1300m.

 Erycibe Roxb.

No Photos
  1. Erycibe forbesii Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 73, 2 (1904) 15; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 420. Sumatra (Lampongs), Java (W & E), Kangean Isls, Borneo (Balikpapan), Philippines.
  2. Erycibe malaccensis C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1883) 182; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 428. --Erycibe dubia Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 589; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358. Peninsular Malaysia, ?W Java, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, NEGROS. Low and medium elevation forests.
  3. Erycibe micrantha Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 524; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 412. --Erycibe griffithii auct. non C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358. --Erycibe lateraliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1767. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas (local in all these islands). PALAWAN, LEYTE. Low elevation forests.
  4. Erycibe ramosii Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 316; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 419. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, LEYTE.
  5. Erycibe sargentii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 56; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 413. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, PANAY, MINDANAO. Forested slopes at low elevation. Fl. Feb-May.
  6. Erycibe sericea Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 317; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 416. Endemic to the Philippines. MALAMUI (island close to N BASILAN). Known only from the type collection.
  7. Erycibe terminaliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1768; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 418. --Erycibe rheedii auct. non Blume; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358, pro parte. --Erycibe hallieriana Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe pararan Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe copelandii Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3077. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, MASBATE, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 1200m.
  8. Erycibe tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. 16 (1826) 1048; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 426. --Erycibe princii Wall. ex Choisy in DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 464; --Wall, Cat. (1829) No. 1335, as ‘princei’, nom. nud.;  --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358.

 Evolvulus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Evolvulus alsinoides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 392; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395. --Evolvulus var. hirsutus (Lam.) Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 29; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Evolvulus hirsutus Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 538. --Evolvulus var. philippinensis Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Type: BS 27435 Ramos (SING, ?holo), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Bangui, Feb/Mar-1917. --Evolvulus var. decumbens (R.Br.) Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Evolvulus decumbens R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 489. Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines. Open dry grasslands at low and medium elevation. Often common. The four varieties in the Philippines distinguished by Ooststroom intergrade to a high degree, hence the recognition here of just one highly variable species. Photos

Hewittia Wight & Arn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Hewittia malabarica (L.) Suresh, Interpret. Rheede’s Hort. Malab. (1988) 88; --Staples & Yang in Huang (ed.) Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 353; --Convolvulus malabaricus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. --Hewittia sublobata (L.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 441; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 438; --Convolvulus sublobatus L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 135. Tropical Africa (S to Natal) and tropical Asia, across Malesia to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in open grasslands and waste places, low and medium elevation, often common. Photos

Ipomoea L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Ipomoea aculeata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 715; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 486.
  2. Ipomoea alba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 547; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 480; --Calonyction album (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 591; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369. --Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 590; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369; --Convolvulus aculeatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. Originally from the Neotropics, now pantropic. LUZON: La Union, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, PALMAS, JOLO, MINDANAO. Settled areas, thickets, hedges, along trails at low and medium elevation. Also often near the sea. Photos
  3. Ipomoea aquatica Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. (1775) 44; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 528; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 473. Pantropic.
  4. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir., in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1804) 14; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 512; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 469; --Convolvulus batatas L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 154. Cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.
  5. Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1 (1805) 183; --Convolvulus biflorus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1668. --Ipomoea plebeia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 492; Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 463; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. Australia (Queensland), Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok; Sumbawa; Timor), S Sulawesi, Java, Kangean, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, only known from one collection, Vanoverbergh 1410.
  6. Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. (1827) 287; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 542; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478. Not native to the Philippines. Photos
  7. Ipomoea campanulata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 160; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558; --Stictocardia campanulata (L.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 133; EPFP 3 (1923) 372. --Ipomoea illustris (C.B.Clarke) Prain, Beng. Pl. 2 (1903) 735; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 566; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 485; --Ipomoea campanulata var. illustris C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4 (1883) 211. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Moluccas (Seram), New Guinea (Papua). LUZON. Seashores and along coastal thickets and forest edges near the sea.
  8. Ipomoea diversifolia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 487; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 545; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 479. India to NE Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Dry open places at low elevation.
  9. Ipomoea eriocarpa R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 462; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 490. --Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 238, nom. illeg., auct. non Zuccagni; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Convolvulus hispidus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 29. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, and tropical Asia to N Australia, Sumatra, Java, Madura, Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Timor, Wetar, Moa), Papua New Guinea.
  10. Ipomoea hederifolia L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 (1759) 925; --Ooststr., Nova Guinea n.s. 6 (1955) 28; --Addenda, corrigenda et emendanda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 563. --Ipomoea angulata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 464; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 553; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481. --Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Choisy, Conv. Or. (1834) 51; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370; --Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 433. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. In Malesia cultivated for ornamental purposes but has run wild in waste places, fields, grasslands, thickets and thin forests. Photos
  11. Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. (1866) 203; --Convolvulus imperati Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1 (1790) 17. --Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyrillo) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13, 2 (1791) 345; --Merr., EPFP 3(1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 540; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478, nom. superfl.; --Convolvulus stolonifer Cirillo, Pl. Rar. Neapol. 1 (1788) 14, nom. superfl. Tropical and subtropical countries of both hemispheres. Apparently rare in Malesia. Peninsular Malaysia, Madura, Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Cagayan. On sandybeach along seashore. Photos
  12. Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 445; --Convolvulus indicus Burm., Auctuarium (1755) 2 verso. --Ipomoea acuminata (Vahl) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 228; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 939; Convolvulus acuminatus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 26. --Ipomoea congesta R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 885; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 500; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465. Pantropical. Throughout Malesia but yet to be found in Borneo. Photos
  13. Ipomoea littoralis Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 713; --Ooststr., addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. --Ipomoea gracilis auct. non R.Br.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 516; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 470. Madagascar and adjacent islands, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, throughout Malesia, eastwards to N Australia and the Pacific islands. Sandy beaches and coastal thickets.
  14. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq., Collect. 4 (1791) 216; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea digitata auct. non L.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 558; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 483. Pantropic; throughout Malesia. LUZON: La Union, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, CULION, CORON, MINDANAO. Along coastal thickets and along streams at low elevation. Photos
  15. Ipomoea muricata (L.) Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 3 (1798) 40; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 551; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481; --Calonyction muricatum (L.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 264; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370; --Convolvulus muricatus L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 44. From Mexico to Colombia and Brazil, the West Indies, tropical Africa and adjacent islands to India, China, and Japan. Cultivated in the Philippines. Naturalized?
  16. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, Cat. Bot. 1 (1797) 36; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 497; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465; --Convolvulus nil L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 219. --?Ipomoea hederacea Jacq., Icon. Pl. Rar. 1 (1781) t. 36; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365. Circumtropical. Throughout Malesia but yet to be found in Borneo. Not native to the Philippines?
  17. Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3 (1817) t. 239; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 519; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 471; --Convolvulus obscurus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 220. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, throughout Malesia to N Australia and Fiji. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste areas, etc. Photos
  18. Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br. in Tuckey, Narr. Exp. Zaire (1818) 477; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 538; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 475; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941; --Convolvulus pes-caprae L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159. Photos
  19. Ipomoea pes-tigridis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 162; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 504; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia, throughout Malesia. Grasslands, waste places, thickets, fields, sea level to 1000m.
  20. Ipomoea pileata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 507; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467. --Ipomoea involucrata auct. non P. Beauv.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia from India to China, Indochina and Hainan, Peninsular Malaysia (Perlis), Banka, Java, Borneo, Philippines. CULION. Photos
  21. Ipomoea polymorpha Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 254; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 493; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 464. Ethiopia, ?India, Indochina, and Taiwan to NE Australia, Philippines, E Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba; Flores; Timor), New Guinea and Thursday Is. Regions with marked dry season.
  22. Ipomoea quamoclit L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 555; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 482. --Quamoclit pinnata (Desr.) Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 224; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370, as ‘pennata’; --Quamoclit pinnata Bojer, Hortus Maurit. (1837) 224, as ‘pennata’, nom. superfl. Pantropic. Cultivated and runs wild all over Malesia. Photos
  23. Ipomoea rubens Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 463; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea riparia G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 265; --Ooststr.; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 484. --Ipomoea fragrans Bojer ex Choisy in DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 393; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 564. Guianas, tropical Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali). LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Thickets in and bordering freshwater swamps.
  24. Ipomoea setosa Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4 (1819) t. 335. --Ipomoea campaniflora Hallier f., Meded. Rijksherb. Leiden no. 46 (1922) 20; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 580; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 488. --Calonyction campanulatum Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5 (1897) 1050; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 369. Native of Mexico and Central America. Beach and coastal thickets. 
  25. Ipomoea triloba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 509; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 468. Native of tropical America, now a pantropic weed. Throughout Malesia. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste places, etc. Sea level to 300m elevation. Photos
  26. Ipomoea violacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161. --Ipomoea macrantha Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4 (1819) 451, nom. superfl.; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558. --Ipomoea tuba (Schltdl.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 271; --Ooststr., Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 487. Tropical America, E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, and tropical continental Asia to Polynesia, throughout Malesia, tropical Australia.

Cultivated only:

  1. Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, Bot. Abhandl. (1787) 27; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 496; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465; --Convolvulus purpureus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 219. Native in the Americas from New Mexico and Virginia to as far S as Argentina and Uruguay. In Malesia occasionally cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes, but showing no tendency to become naturalized. Photos

 Jacquemontia Choisy

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Jacquemontia paniculata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 95; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 432; --Ipomoea paniculata Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 50.

Lepistemon Blume 

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Lepistemon binectarifer (Wall.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 446; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 489; --Convolvulus binectariferus Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 47. ?Hainan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Kei Is). LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, La Union, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation thickets, often common.

 Lettsomia Roxb. = Argyreia

Merremia Dennst. ex Endl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Merremia dissecta (Jacq.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16 (1893) 552; --Convolvulus dissectus Jacq., Observ. Bot. 2 (1767) 4. Tropical and subtropical America. Not native to Philippines.
  2. Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 312; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 444; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 5 (1958) 560; --Evolvulus emarginatus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 77. Tropical Africa, tropical Asia, in Malesia: SE Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor; Sumbawa), New Guinea (Irian). LUZON. Confined to regions with strong to very strong dry season, on rather heavy soils, in open areas from sea-level to 200m. Photos
  3. Merremia gemella (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441; --Convolvulus gemellus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 46. Photos
  4. Merremia hederacea (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 168; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 302; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441; --Evolvulus hederaceus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 77. Tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia from the Himalayas southwards to Sri Lanka and eastwards to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, S China, throughout Malesia, to Queensland, and the Carolines (Yap). Also in Christmas Is. Photos
  5. Merremia hirta (L.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 244; Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 307; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 442; --Convolvulus hirtus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159. --Ipomoea reptans (L.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1814) 460; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 368; --Convolvulus reptans L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 158.
  6. Merremia peltata (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 441; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 452; --Convolvulus peltatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1194. Madagascar, Mascarene Isls, Seychelles, Thailand, throughout Malesia, N & E tropical Australia, Polynesia. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Often common in secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Philippine forms are apparently uniformly yellow flowered. Photos
  7. Merremia pulchra Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 348; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 451. Borneo (N Sarawak), a specimen collected in the Philippines by G.T. Lay without exact locality (BM) seems to be conspecific (Oostroom 1953).
  8. Merremia quinata (R.Br.) Ooststr., J. Arnold Arb. 29 (1948) 417; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447. --Ipomoea quinata R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 486; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367. N Australia, Queensland, NE New Guinea, Philippines. Also mentioned from Myanmar & S China, but not certainly conspecific. LUZON: Benguet. Grasslands or thickets.
  9. Merremia similis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 335; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454. --?Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 325; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Convolvulus distillatorius Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 95. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Misamis, Surigao. Thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Merrill assumes this species to be conspecific with Convolvulus distillatorius Blanco. If this is accepted, the correct name for the species would be Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr. However, in Ooststroom’s opinion, this identity is not quite certain.
  10. Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle, Fl. Trop. Afr. 4, 2 (1905) 104; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447; --Operculina tuberosa (L.) Meissn. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 7 (1869) 212; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Ipomoea tuberosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 160. Probably of tropical American origin; distributed through tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, India, Sri Lanka; in Malesia cultivated and rarely escaped.
  11. Merremia umbellata (L.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Convolvulus umbellatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. Photos
  12. Merremia vitifolia (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 448; --Merremia umbellata var. orientalis Hallier f., Verslag Staat 's Lands Plantentuin Buitenzorg 1895 (1896) 132. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls to Indochina, throughout Malesia. In regions with rather pronounced dry season. LUZON: Laguna, PALAWAN, BALABAC, NEGROS. Open grasslands, abandoned clearings, thickets at low elevation. Photos
Uncertain distribution in the Philippines:
  1. Merremia mammosa (Lour.) Hallier f., Teysmannia 7 (1897) 164; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 450; --Convolvulus mammosus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 108. Ascribed to the Philippines by Rumphius.

Operculina Silva Manso

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Operculina riedeliana (Oliv.) Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 366; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 457; --Ipomoea riedeliana Oliv., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 15 (1883) t. 1424. --Operculina bufalina (Lour.) Hallier f., Meded. Risjks Herb. 1 (1910) 26; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Convolvulus bufalinus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 109. ?Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia (Negri Sembilan), W Java, Philippines, S Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores; Timor; Wetar), Moluccas (Kei; Buru), W-E New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Bataan, Rizal, CEBU. Low elevation thickets and secondary forests.
  2. Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso, Enum. Subst. Braz. (1836) 16; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454; --Convolvulus turpethum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. Tropical E Africa, Mascarene Isls, Seychelles, S & SE Asia to tropical Australia and Polynesia, not yet recorded from Sumatra, extremely rare in Borneo; introduced in Peninsular Malaysia and the West Indies. Photos

Porana Burm.f. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Porana volubilis Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 51; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 402; --Staples, Blumea 51 (2006) 456. Probably native in Thailand, S Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Kalimantan), Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi; seemingly introduced and naturalized in S India, Myanmar, Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS. Disturbed forests and thickets.

Porania = Porana

Poranopsis Burm.f. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

No Photos
  1. Poranopsis paniculata (Roxb.) Roberty, Candollea 14 (1952) 26; --Porana paniculata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3 (1819) 31; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1938) 87; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 404. Native of N India and N Myanmar. Cultivated as an ornamental elsewhere in the tropics, occasionally escaping.

Quamoclit Moench = Ipomoea

 Rivea Choisy = Argyreia

Stictocardia Hall.f. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Stictocardia tiliifolia (Desr.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 159; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; --Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 346; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 491; --Convolvulus tiliifolius Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 544. Pantropic. Throughout Malesia (except New Guinea). Introduced in the Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Benguet, Cagayan, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Albay, ALABAT, TICAO, NEGROS, MINDANAO.

 Turbina Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Turbina corymbosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4, 1836 (1838)81; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 493; --Legendrea corymbosa (L.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 355; --Rivea corymbosa (L.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 157; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 387; EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ipomoea corymbosa (L.) Roth in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4 (1819) 232; --Convolvulus corymbosus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 923. Native of tropical America, introduced here and there in the Old World. Naturalized in the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna. In some places now spontaneous in thickets and secondary forests.

Xenostegia D.F.Austin & Staples

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

Photos
  1. Xenostegia tridentata (L.) D.F.Austin & Staples, Brittonia 32 (1981) 533; --Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 552; --Convolvulus tridentatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 157. Tropical E Africa, tropical Asia from India (Khasya Hills) and Bangladesh southwards to Sri Lanka, eastwards and southwards to China, Hong Kong,Taiwan, throughout Malesia, and tropical Australia. Open grasslands including cogonals, thickets, along trails, etc. Photos

Literature

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1934. A monograph of the genus Evolvulus. Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14: 1-267.

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1953. Convolvulaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 388-512


Ooststroom, SJ van. 1958. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 558-564


Ooststroom, SJ van. 1972. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 936-941.

Staples, GW. 2006. Revision of Asiatic Poraneae (Convolvulaceae) – Cordisepalum, Dinetus, Duperreya, Porana, Poranopsis, and Tridynamia. Blumea 51: 403-491.

Acknowledgements

Ravan Schneider kindly contributed some of the photographs on this webpage.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 23 October 2017