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including Alangiaceae

Alangium Lam.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 August 2017

  1. Alangium brachyanthum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 319; EPFP 3 (1923) 240; --Bloem., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 16 (1939) 162; --Type: FB 1034, Luzon: Quezon prov., Pagsalam, in beach forest, 5m, 9-Apr-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Forests along seashore, 5m.
  2. Alangium chinense (Lour.) Rehder, in Sargent Pl. Wils. 2 (1916) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 240; --Bloem., Blumea 1 (1935) 255, Fig. 2 a-c; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 16 (1939) xxx. Tropical Africa, India, Tibet, Indochina, Thailand, S China, Taiwan, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls and the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, PALAWAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Mainly in primary lowland forests, usually near forest edges, sometimes occurring at high elevation. Photos
  3. Alangium kurzii Craib, Kew Bull. (1911) 60; --Bloem., Blumea 1 (1935) 262, Fig. 2 g-i; --Type from Thailand. --Alangium chinense ssp. tomentosum (Blume) Merr. var. vulgare (Wang.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 240. --Alangium chinense var. tomentosum Merr., PJS 21 (1922) 505. China, S Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah), and the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Forests, c. 650m.
  4. Alangium longiflorum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 319; EPFP 3 (1923) 240; --Bloem., Blumea 1 (1935) 253, Fig. 1i; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 16 (1939) 159; --Type: FB 14773 Darling (L, holo; BO, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Malueg, on slopes along streams, c. 60m, 16-Apr-1909. Borneo (Sabah: Mt Kinabalu; Sarawak: Kuching) and the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte (Bangui), Apayao (Mt Duraragan), Cagayan (Malueg; Casambalangan), Quezon (Mauban; Sampolan), Laguna (Mt Makiling; San Antonio, Mabitac), Batangas, Camarines Sur (Minalabat; Mt Isarog; Caramoan), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Pinamalayan), PALAWAN (Thumb Peak), NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), LEYTE, SAMAR (Catubig River), TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), South Cotabato (Nutol; Buayan), Agusan del Norte (Jabonga: Kitsarao), Surigao del Norte (Placer), Davao Oriental (Mati). Forests at low and medium elevation, sometimes along streams. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Alangium meyeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 54; EPFP 3 (1923) 241; --Alangium javanicum var. meyeri (Merr.) Berhaman, Sandakania 4 (1994) 34; Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 10, Fig. 1-F & G; --Type: FB 2284 Meyer (PNH, holo, lost; BO, lecto; B, K, NY, S, SING, US, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan, Lamao River, Mt Mariveles,
    Dec-1904 --Alangium tutela Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 61 (1912) 10; --Type from Singapore. Thailand, Singapore, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests. Photos
  6. Alangium pilosum Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 417; EPFP 3 (1923) 241; --Alangium villosum (Blume) Wang. ssp. pilosum (Merr.) Bloem., --Bloem., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 16 (1939) 205; --Type: FB 3307 Ahern’s Collector (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1905. --Alangium pilosum Merr. var. subglabrum Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 418; EPFP 3 (1923) 241; --Type: FB 23399 Contreras (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; K, isolecto), Negros: no exact locality given, but presumably Negros Occidental prov., rocky places on slopes, c. 300m, 14-Jul-1914. Lesser Sunda Islands, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, NEGROS. Medium elevation forests. Photos
  7. Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wang.

Mastixia Blume [also placed in Nyssaceae]

  1. Mastixia macrocarpa Matthew, Blumea 23 (1976) 75; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 94; --Type from Sarawak. Borneo (Sarawak) and the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban). Based on BS 12389 Loher (UC).
  2. Mastixia pentandra Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 654. Photos
  3. Mastixia tetrapetala Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 42; EPFP 3 (1923) 242; --Matthew, Blumea 23  (1976) 76, Fig. 5; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 95; --Type: BS 28575 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; BO, K, NY, P, US, iso). --Mastixia crassifolia Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 486; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: BS 40377 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, K, L, P, US, iso). --Mastixia pachyphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 325; EPFP 3 (1923) 241; --Type: BS 30399 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; BO, NY, P, US, iso). LUZON: Benguet (Mt Tabayoc; Mt Pulog), Quezon (Mt Binuang; Mt Tulaog), CATANDUANES. Specimens doubtfully referred by Matthew to this species were from the following localities: MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Claveria, Summit of W Mtn); Lanao del Norte. Lowland to montane primary forests up to 2300m. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Sept-Feb.
  4. Mastixia trichotoma Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 655; --Matthew, Blumea 23 (1976) 68; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 92, Fig. 3g-h (galls), Fig. 5 (map).


Berhaman, A. 1995. Alangiaceae. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 1: 5-14.

Bloembergen, S. 1935. The genus Alangium in the Netherlands Indies. Blumea 1: 241-350

Bloembergen, S. 1939. A revision of the genus Alangium. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg ser. 3, 16: 139-235, 10 fig.

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Matthew, KM. 1977. Cornaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 85-97

De Wilde, WJJO & BEE Duyfjes. 2017. Taxonomy of Alangium section Conostigma (Alangiaceae). Blumea 62: 29-46

De Wilde, WJJO & BEE Duyfjes. 2017. The species of Alangium section Rhytidandra (Alangiaceae). Blumea 62: 75-83


Greg Rule kindly provided some of the photographs on this webpage.

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Last updated 23 August 2017