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Cucurbitaceae

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 March 2013, following De Wilde & Duyfjes 2010

Alsomitra (Blume) Spach

Photos
  1. Alsomitra macrocarpa (Blume) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 117; --Zanonia macrocarpa Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 937; --Macrozanonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1 (1893) 612; Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 262; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 578; --Type: from Java. --Macrozanonia philippinensis (Merr.) Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 264; --Zanonia philippinensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 141; --Type: Clemens 324 (PNH, holo), Philippines. --Erythropalum triandrum Merr. & Quisumb., PJS 37 (1928) 142; --Type: Ramos & Edaño BS 49096 (PNH, holo; K, iso), Philippines, Mindanao, Mati. Southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Aru, Moluccas, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Laguna, BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation primary forests. Photos

Benincasa Savi [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Benincasa pruriens (Parkinson) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12 (2008) 268; --Cucurbita pruriens Parkinson, J. Voy. South Seas (1773) 44. Note by P.B. Pelser (23-Oct-2017): Some seem to consider Cucurbita pruriens Parkinson an invalid name, and therefore use Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. for this species, but it is unclear to me why this would be the case.

Bryonopsis = Diplocyclos

Citrullus Schrader [Not native]

Photos
  1. Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai, Cat. Sem. & Spor. Hort. Bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo (1916) 30; --Momordica lanata Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. (1794) 13. --Citrullus vulgaris Schrad., Linnaea 12 (1838) 412; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 460; EPFP 3 (1923) 582. Africa. Cultivated pantropically. Grown in many parts of the Philippines, not uncommonly escaping. Watermelon. Photos

Coccinia Wight & Arn.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 August 2015

Photos
  1. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. (1845) 59; --Bryonia grandis L., Mant. Pl. (1767) 126; --Type: from Sri Lanka. Widely distributed in Africa and Asia, incl. Philippines. Native? Not reported for the Philippines by Holstein (2015). CEBU. Photos

Cucumis L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Cucumis javanicus (Miq.) Ghebret. & Thulin, Novon 17 (2007) 177; --Mukia javanica (Miq.) C.Jeffrey in Hooker's Ic. Pl. 37  (1969) t. 3661; --Karivia javanica Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 661; --Type: from Java. India east to China, Borneo, Java, Philippines.
  2. Cucumis melo L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1011; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 775; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 534; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 179; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 482; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 460; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 372; EPFP 3 (1923) 583. West Africa? Cultivated in all warm countries. Cultivated in several forms or varieties in the Philippines, occasionally escaping. Common melon.
  3. Cucumis sativus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1012; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 299; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 460; EPFP 3 (1923) 583. Sino-Himalayan. Planted in all warm countries. Generally cultivated in the Philippines. Cucumber. Not naturalized?

Cucurbita L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne in Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 151; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 457; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 373; EPFP 3 (1923) 585. --Cucurbita sulcata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 773; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 532; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 177. Tropical and warm Americas. Planted in all warm countries. Widely cultivated in the Philippines, occasionally escaping. Squash. Kalabasa. Photos
  2. Cucurbita moschata Duchesne ex Poir., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 11 (1819) 234. Tropical and warm Americas. Cultivated in Philippines. Not naturalized?
  3. Cucurbita pepo L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1010. Tropical and warm Americas. Squash, pumpkin. Cultivated. Not naturalized? Photos

Diplocyclos (Endl.) T.Post & Kuntze

Photos
  1. Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 15 (1962) 352; --Bryonia palmata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1012. --Bryonopsis laciniosa auct. non (L.) Naudin; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 583; --Steen., Mountain Fl. Java (1972) pl. 18-2. Widely distributed in Afria and SE Asia. Photos

Gymnopetalum Arn.

No Photos
  1. Gymnopetalum chinense (Lour.) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 256; EPFP 3 (1923) 584; --Euonymus chinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 156. --Gymnopetalum cochinchinense Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 40, 2 (1871) 57; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 391; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 116; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 142. India to S China and Malaya. LUZON: Quezon, BALABAC, MASBATE, PANAY, CEBU, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Lowland clearings, open waste areas, etc.
  2. Gymnopetalum scabrum (Lour.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12 (2008) 268; --Trichosanthes scabra Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 589. --Trichosanthes lucioniana Naves ex Fern.-Vill., Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1880) Nov. App.: 95, pl. 460; --Merr. Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 13.

Gynostemma Blume

Photos
  1. Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16 (1902) 179; --Vitis pentaphylla Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 105; --Type: from Japan. India, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Korea, Tropical SE Asia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea. Photos

Ilocania Merr. = Diplocyclos

Lagenaria Ser. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, Bot. Ser. 3 (1930) 435; --Cucurbita siceraria Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili (1782) 133. --Lagenaria leucantha (Duchesne) Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6 (1896) 43; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 458; Interp. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 493; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 373; EPFP 3 (1923) 584; --Cucurbita leucantha Duchesne in Lam., Encycl. 2 (1782) 150. --Cucurbita lagenaria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1010. --Cucurbita lagenaria-oblonga Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 772; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 531; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 175. --Cucurbita lagenaria-villosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 772; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 532; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 175. --Lagenaria vulgaris Ser. in Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 3 (1825) 25; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 96; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 417. Africa, Madagascar. Cultivated throughout the tropics. Planted throughout the archipelago, in some parts naturalized.

Luffa Miller

No Photos
  1. Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 70; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 96; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 459; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 372; EPFP 3 (1923) 582; --Cucumis acutangulus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1011; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 776; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 534; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 179. --Luffa foetida Cav., Icon. 1 (1791) 7; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 96. Cultivated in the Old World tropics. In the Philippines commonly grown for its edible fruits. Patola
  2. Luffa aegyptiaca Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768); --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 96. --Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem., Syn. 2 (1846) 63; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 138; Fl. Manila (1912) 459; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 372; EPFP 3 (1923) 582; --Momordica cylindrica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1009. --Momordica luffa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1009. --Luffa petola Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 303; --Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 334. Pantropic in cultivation. Commonly grown for its edible fruits, the fruits being larger than the very common wild form which occurs in thickets in the settled areas throughout the Philippines.

Macrozanonia = Alsomitra

Melothria L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Melothria pendula L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 35; --de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 10. Native of the Americas from Texas to Argentina. Introduced into tropical Asia: S China (Macau), Taiwan, Bali, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi. Low elevation along roadsides, cultivated lands, etc. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Photos

Momordica L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Momordica charantia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1009; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 138; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 84; Fl. Manila (1912) 461; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 370; EPFP 3 (1923) 581. --Momordica balsamina auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 768; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 539; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 172. Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines in cultivation and also thoroughly naturalized in thickets, waste places, etc. at low and medium elevation. Photos
  2. Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng., Syst. 3 (1826) 14; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 97; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 445; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 116; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 142; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 461; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 371;--Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 581; --Muricia cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 596. --Momordica sphaeroidea Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 771; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 453; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 174. --Passiflora saponaria Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 650. --Modecca ?saponaria Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 453; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 53. --Momordica ovata Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 446; --Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 213; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 116; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 143. India to Indochina, China and Taiwan through Malesia to the Moluccas. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Tarlac, Bulacan, Rizal,  Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, PANAY, GUIMARAS, BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Agusan. Low and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests. Photos

Mukia Arn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 47; --Cucumis maderaspatanus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1012; --Melothria maderaspatana (L.) Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 623; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 580. Tropical Africa and Asia through Malaya to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Cavite, Laguna, MASBATE, PANAY, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation grasslands, old clearings, etc. 

Neoachmandra W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes 

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Neoachmandra boholensis (Merr.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 15; --Melothria boholensis Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 495; --Type: BS 42779 (UC, holo, lost; K, iso), Bohol: Kalingohan, in recent clearings, c. 600m, 26-Aug-1923. Endemic to Philippines. BOHOL, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO. Low elevation up to 600m, in newly opened clearings, also reported from mangrove. Fl. & fr. throughout the year.
  2. Neoachmandra indica (Lour.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 21; --Melothria indica Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 35; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 98; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 116; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 143; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 589; in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 98; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 439; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 392; Fl. Manila (1912) 456; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 370; EPFP 3 (1923) 579; --Zehneria indica (Lour.) Keraudren, Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 15 (1975) 52; --Type: from Vietnam (neo). --Cucumis luzonicus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 861; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 470; --Type: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 848 (US, neo; K, L, W, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal prov., between Guadalupe and Pasig, Dec-1914. Widespread from S India and S China, east to W Malesia (Java, Borneo, Philippines). BATANES, LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, POLILLO, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Lanao. Low and medium elevation clearings and along streams.
  3. Neoachmandra leucocarpa (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 23; --Melothria leucocarpa (Blume) Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 601; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 580; --Steen., Mountain Fl. Java (1972) pl. 18-4; --Bryonia leucocarpa Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 924--Type: from Java (lecto). Sumatra. Note by L.L. Co: Check identity of Philippine materials named by Merrill as Melothria leucocarpa; note by P.B. Pelser, 11-Mar-13: not listed for Philippines by De Wilde & Duyfjes 2010.
  4. Neoachmandra macrantha W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 25; --Type: BS 40215 Ramos & Edaño (P, holo; K, UC, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data), c. 2200m. Known only from the type collection.
  5. Neoachmandra nesophila W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 26; --Type: from Java. E Java, Philippines, N Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor), Moluccas (Halmahera, Banda). LUZON, MINDORO. Photos
  6. Neoachmandra scaberrima (Merr.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 29; --Melothria scaberrima Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 330; EPFP 3 (1923) 581; --Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 97; --Type: Elmer 5862 (PNH, holo, lost; L, lecto; BO, K, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Rizal. Thickets, shrubbery, along streams, grassy roadsides, 300-1000m.

Neoalsomitra Hutch.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Neoalsomitra clavigera (Wall.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. N-S, 6 (1942) 101; --de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 48 (2003) 105; --Zanonia clavigera Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1831) 28. --Neoalsomitra integrifoliola (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. n.s. 6 (1942) 99; --Alsomitra integrifoliola (Cogn.) Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 (1911) 121; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 579; --Gymnostemma integrifoliola Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 916; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1883) 353; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (185) 116; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 143; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 138; --Type: Cuming 517 (K, lecto; L, P, iso) (According to L.L. Co: Cuming 767). --Hemsleya elongata (Merr.) Cogn. in Engl. Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 26; --Gymnostemma elongatum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 267; --Type: Curran FB 5474I (B, lost), Philippines, Luzon. --Alsomitra pubescens Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 64; EPFP 3 (1923) 579; --Type: Mabesa FB 26346 (PNH, lost). India, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Taiwan, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Australa, Pacific, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, CEBU. Low and medium elevation thickets, ascending to 1200m.
  2. Neoalsomitra sarcophylla (Wall.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. N-S , 6 (1942) 100; --de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 48 (2003) 111; --Alsomitra sarcophylla (Wall.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 118; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 352; --Zanonia sarcophylla Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1831) 28. --Alsomitra philippinensis Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 15; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 579; --Neoalsomitra philippinensis (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 100; --Type: Copeland 255 (B, lost). Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands. LUZON: Bataan. Lowland and medium elevation thickets or forests, PALAWAN.

Pylogyne = Zehneria

Scopella = Scopellaria

Scopellaria W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

No Photos
  1. Scopellaria marginata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 297; --Scopella marginata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes; --Zehneria marginata (Blume) Keraudren, Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 15 (1975) 55; --Melothria marginata (Blume) Cogn. in DC., Monog.  Phan. 3 (1881) 573; in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 93; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 580; --Bryonia marginata Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 924; --Type: from Java.

Sechium P.Browne [Not native, not naturalized?]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw., Fl. Ind. Occ. (1800) 1150; --Sicyos edulis Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 32. Tropical America. Widely cultivated. Chayote.  Photos

Thladiantha Bunge

No Photos
  1. Thladiantha nudiflora Hemsl. in Forbes & Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 23 (1887) 316; --Type: from China. China, Taiwan, Philippines. MINDANAO. Only known from the Philippines from one collection: Schwabe s.n. (B).

Trichosanthes L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calc. (1845) 58; --Cogn. in DC., Monog.  Phan. 3 (1881) 375; --Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 64; EPFP 3 (1923) 584; --Modecca bracteata Lam., Encycl. 4(1) (1797) 210. India, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Timor.  LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cavite. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and streamside forests. [Note by P.B. Pelser, 11-Mar-13: not clear from De Wilde & Duyfjes 2010 what species the Philippine specimens belong to].
  2. Trichosanthes cucumerina L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1008; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 95; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 337; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 138; Fl. Manila (1912) 457; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 373; --EPFP 3 (1923) 584. --Trichosanthes amara auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 774; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 533; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 178, pro parte. --Trichosanthes luçoniana Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 450. India through Malaya to tropical Australia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Pangasinan, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna. Lowland to medium elevation thickets, ascending to 1200m. Photos
  3. Trichosanthes edulis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11(4) (1999) 254; --Type: from PNG. New Guinea, Philippines.
  4. Trichosanthes ellipsoidea Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 332; EPFP 3 (1923) 585; --Type: Ramos BS 30364 (PNH, holo: lost; K, US, iso). Borneo, Philippines. CATANDUANES. Lowland forests near abaca plantations.
  5. Trichosanthes elmeri Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 299; --Type: Elmer 20298 (PNH, holo; BR, L, NSW, U, iso), Borneo. Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  6. Trichosanthes philippinensis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11(4) (1999) 271. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, Albay, Benguet, PANAY, MINDANAO: Davao. Photos
  7. Trichosanthes pilosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1 (1790) 588. Photos
  8. Trichosanthes planiglans Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11(4) (1999) 273; --Type: Ramos & Edaño BS 29110 (US, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Mt Tulaog. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON. Only known from type.
  9. Trichosanthes quinquangulata A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 645; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 378; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 138; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 84, 439; Fl. Manila (1912) 458; EPFP 3 (1923) 585; --Type: Wilkes s.n. (GH-A, holo), Mangsi Is., Sulu Sea. China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, MASBATE, PANAY, MANGSI, MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets, clearings, etc., ascending to 1500m. Photos
  10. Trichosanthes refracta C.H.Yueh, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 10(4) (1996) 500; --Type: Ramos BS 43279 (UC, holo; K, L, iso), Bohol: Valencia. Borneo, Philippines. BOHOL.
  11. Trichosanthes samarensis C.H.Yueh & Lu Q.Huang, Trichosanthes (2009) 110; --Type: A. Castro 2099-4 (A, holo), Samar: Eastern Samar, Oras, Brgy. Bantayan, Sitio Kadapnan. SAMAR.
  12. Trichosanthes valida Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11(4) (1999) 277; --Type: from Sulawesi. Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls., Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON, CEBU.
  13. Trichosanthes villosa Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 934; --Cogn. in DC., Monog. Phan. 3 (1881) 366; --Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 458; EPFP 3 (1923) 585; --Type: from Java. China, Indochina, Thailand, Borneo, Java, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls. LUZON: Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Thickets or forests up to 1000m.

Zanonia L.

No Photos
  1. Zanonia indica L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 1292. India, Sri Lanka, China, Indochina, Malesia.

Zehneria Endl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

Photos
  1. Zehneria bodinieri (H.Lev.) W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 32 (2004) 17; --Pilogyne bodinieri (H.Lev.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; --Melothria bodinieri H.Lev., Fl. Louy-Tcheou (1914) 122; --Type: from China. Sri Lanka, India to China, Indochina, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  2. Zehneria mucronata (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1856) 656; --C.Jeffrey Kew Bull. 15(1962) 371; --Simmonds & W.J.deWilde Blumea 45 (2000) 237; Blumea 51 (2006) 65; --Pilogyne mucronata (Blume) W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12(5) (2009) 410 (Note by L.L. Co: not validly published; nom. inval.); --Melothria mucronata (Blume) Cogn. in DC., Monog.  Phan. 3(1881) 608; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 580; --Bryonia mucronata Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 923; --Type: from Java. --Melothria lobata Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 104; EPFP 3(1923) 580; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1241, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco, along trails, c. 1300m, 11-Jun-1911. --Melothria leucocarpa Cogn. var. philippinensis Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 66 (1916) 102. India to Taiwan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Christmas Is, Philippines, New Guinea, NE Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Apayao, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, TICAO, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets, along trails, etc., ascending to 2300m.
  3. Zehneria repanda (Blume) C.Simmons, Blumea 45 (2000) 240; --W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51(2006) 75; --Pilogyne repanda (Blume) W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12(5) (2009) 410; --Bryonia repanda Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 923; ser. (1828) 305; --Type: from Java (lecto). Taiwan, Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls. LUZON, MINDORO. Montane scrubs and forest edges.
  4. Zehneria rizalensis (W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes) ined.; --Pilogyne rizalensis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12(5) (2009) 411 (410); --Type: Ramos BS 2023 (BM, holo; BRI, PNH, iso), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Only known from type.
  5. Zehneria trichocarpa W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12(4) (2008) 271; --Pilogyne trichocarpa (W.J.deWilde & Duyfjes) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12(5) (2009) 411; --Type: Ramos & Edaño BS 84954 (GH, holo), Mindanao: Cotabato, Nutol. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato. Only known from type.

Literature

Cogniaux, A. 1916. Pflanzenreich Heft 66: 1-277.

Cogniaux, A & H Harms. 1924. Pflanzenreich Heft 88: 1-246.

de Boer, HJ, HB Cross, WJJO de Wilde, BEE Duyfjes & B Gravendeel. 2015. Molecular phylogenetic analyses of Cucurbitaceae tribe Benincaseae urge for merging of Pilogyne with Zehneria. Phytotaxa 236: 173-183.

de Wilde WJJO & Duyfjes BEE. 2003. Revision of Neoalsomitra (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 48: 99-121


de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2006. Redefinition of Zehneria and four related genera (Cucurbitaceae), with an enumeration of the Australasian and Pacific species. Blumea 51: 1-88

de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2006. Review of the genus Gymnopetalum (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 51: 281-296


de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2006. Scopellaria, a new genus name in Cucurbitaceae. Blumea 51: 297-298


de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2006. The subtribe Thladianthinae (Cucurbitaceae) in Indochina and Malesia. Blumea 51: 493-518


de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2007. Gynostemma (Cucurbitaceae) in Thailand and Malesia. Blumea 52: 263-280

de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2007. Diversity in Zanonia indica (Cucurbitaceae). Blumea 52: 281-290


de Wilde WJ.JO & Duyfjes BEE. 2010. Cucurbitaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series 1 19, 1-333

de Wilde WJJO & Duyfjes BEE. 2012. Trichosanthes (Cucurbitaceae) in Malesia: additions and corrections, including a new species and a new variety. Reinwardtia 13(3): 221-228

Flora Malesiana online key to Cucurbitaceae

Ghebretinsae, AG, M Thulin & JC Barber. 2007. Nomenclatural changes in Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae). Novon 17: 176-178.

Holstein, N. 2015. Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae). Phytokeys 54: 1-66

Jacobs, M. 1954. Notes on some Malaysian Cucurbitaceae. Blumea 7: 617-622

Jeffrey, C. 1962. Kew Bulletin 15: 337-371.

Schaefer, H. 2007. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) must include Cucumella, Dicoelospermum, Mukia, Myrmecosicyos, and Oreosyce: a recircumscription based on nuclear and plastid DNA data. Blumea 52: 165-178



Acknowledgements

Ravan Schneider kindly contributed some of the photographs on this webpage.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 24 October 2017