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Ebenaceae

Diospyros L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Diospyros brideliifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 507; --Merr.; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 464; --Type: Elmer 9722 (A, BISH, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, ‘in moist dense woods at 4000ft’, Apr-1908. --Diospyros hypoleuca Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2623; --Type: Elmer 14203 (BISH, L, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Oct-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, Benguet, Quezon, Laguna, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Mossy forests, 1250-2000m.
  2. Diospyros buxifolia (Blume) Hiern, Trans. Cambr. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 218; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 97; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 47; --Leucoxylum buxifolium Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 1169; --Type from Java. India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Bali, Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation forests, 0-1000m. Photos
  3. Diospyros calcicola Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 487; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 99; --Type: BS 41167 Ramos (A, L, US, iso), Coron: Abundant along small streams in dry forests on limestone formation, 17-Sep-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. CORON. Low elevation dry forest on limestone.
  4. Diospyros cauliflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 668; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 134; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 48. --Diospyros fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Type: BS 16101 Reillo (US, iso), Basilan: Aug-1912. --Diospyros pulgarensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 295. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Laguna, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, CEBU (Asturias), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Lowland to medium elevation dipterocarp and limestone forests.
  5. Diospyros curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) ) Bot. 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 136; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 52.
  6. Diospyros diepenhorstii Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. Sum. (1860) 250; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 142; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 55;--Type from Sumatra. --Diospyros copelandii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Syntypes: Copeland 246 (US), Luzon: Bataan prov., Lamao River, Jan-1904. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan) and the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna. Lowland and hill dipterocarp forests.
  7. Diospyros discolor Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 1108; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 364; EPFP 3 (1923) 291; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 145. --Diospyros blancoi A.DC, Prodr. 8 (1844) 237; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 42; --Type: Unknown. -Diospyros philippensis (Desr.) Guerke in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 41 (1890) 164, nom. illeg. (Barrie 2006). --Diospyros merrillii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1775; --Type: Elmer 12895 (L, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (=Thumb Peak), ‘in deep soil of densely forested flat at 250ft’, Mar-1911. Borneo and the Philippines. BATAN, N LUZON to PALAWAN. In most or all islands and provinces. Introduced in other tropical countries. Primary and secondary forests at low and medium elevation, including limestone. Also commonly planted in and about towns for its large and edible fruits, called mabolo.
  8. Diospyros elliptifolia Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 421; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 232; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 57; --Type: BS 44020 Ramos & Edaņo (NY, SING, US, iso), Tawi-tawi: damp forests along small streams at low elevation, Jul-Aug 1924.
  9. Diospyros eriantha Champ. ex Benth., Kew J. Bot. 4 (1852) 302; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 183; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 58, Fig. 3F; --Type from Hongkong. --Diospyros eriantha var. velascoi (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 183; --Diospyros velascoi Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) ) Bot. 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 296; --Type: FB 23278 Velasco, Luzon: Cagayan prov., Camalaniugan, Patlao, on slopes, elevation c. 100m, 18-Oct-1914. S China, Indochina, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah; Kalimantan), N Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  10. Diospyros euphlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) ) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 289?; --Maba euphlebia Merr. BS 13335 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Tagcawayan. Forests, c. 90m. LUZON: Quezon (Tagcawayan). Lowland primary forest.
  11. Diospyros everettii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 307; --EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 167; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 60; --Type: FB 7261 Everett (US, iso), Negros: Negros Occidental prov., Mt Silay, in ridge forests, c. 650m. Borneo (Sabah; Kalimantan) and the Philippines. NEGROS, BASILAN. Low and medium elevation primary forests to 650m.
  12. Diospyros ferrea (Willd.) Bakh., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7 (1933) 162; --Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 50; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 61; --Ehretia ferrea Willd., Phytogr. 1 (1794) 4; --Type: Not known. --Diospyros ferrea var. buxifolia (Rottb.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 50; --Maba buxifolia (Rottb.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 5 (1804) 418; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Pisonia buxifolia Rottb., Nov. Act. Hafn. 2 (1783) 536. W Africa to India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, across Malesia to Australia, Melanesia and Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Lowland forests and thickets. Photos
  13. Diospyros hebecarpa Cunn. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 4 (1869) 286; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 221. --Diospyros alvarezii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: FB 21417 Alvarez (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte prov., Lanot, forested slopes at about sea-level, 12-May-1914. --Diospyros pellucida Hiern., Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 209; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 294. Fiji, New Caledonia, Australia, New Guinea, Moluccas, Sulawesi and the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, BASILAN. Lowland primary forests.
  14. Diospyros korthalsiana Hiern, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 168; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 356; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 67, Fig. 5H. --Diospyros korthalsiana Hiern var. mirandae (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 356; --Diospyros mirandae Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 292, pro syn. D. inclusa; --Type: FB 18752 Miranda (US, iso), Mindanao: South Cotabato prov., SE ridge of Mt Glan, 90-125m, 6-Jun-1912. --Diospyros triflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan; --Type: BS 15652 Fenix (US, iso), Balabac: Cape Melville, along trails at low elevation, 18-Jul-1912. Borneo (Sarawak: Brunei; Sabah; Kalimantan) and SW Philippines. PALAWAN (Brooke’s Point), BALABAC, TAWI-TAWI. Lowland and hill mixed dipterocarp forests.
  15. Diospyros lanceifolia Roxb., Fl. India (Carey ed.) 2 (1832) 537; Hort. Beng. (1814) 93.
  16. Diospyros littorea (R Br.) Kosterm., Blumea 23 (1977) 461; --Diospyros ferrea var. littorea (R Br.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 50. --Maba cumingiana A.DC.. Prodr., pro syn. Maba buxifolia (Rottb.) Pers. in Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Type: Cuming 1694 (L, iso), Samar. Thailand, Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia. PALAWAN, PAMALICAN (CUYO ISL GROUP), SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Littoral thickets and forests. Photos
  17. Diospyros longiciliata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 303; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 463; --Type: BS 35189 Ramos & Pascasio (A, US, iso), Dinagat, in forests at low elevation, 11-May-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao, DINAGAT. Lowland primary forests. Photos
  18. Diospyros macrophylla Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 670; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 242; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 73, Fig. 2F; --Type from Java. --Diospyros suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 422; --Type: BS 44068 (NY, US, iso), Tawi-tawi, in forests along small streams at low elevation, Aug-1924. Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests.
  19. Diospyros maritima Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 669; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 265; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 76; --Type from Java. --Diospyros camarinensis Merr, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: FB 21443 Alvarez (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte prov., Mt Calinigan, May-1914. Lanyu, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor; Lombok), Moluccas, New Guinea, tropical Australia, Samoa. BATAN ISLS, N LUZON to PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. Often common in coastal thickets and forests, also occurring inland to medium elevation. Photos
  20. Diospyros mindanaensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 309; EPFP 3 (1923) 293; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 349; --Type: FB 9453 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, Feb-1908. Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah; Kalimantan) and the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Guinayangan), Laguna, Camarines, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS: Gimagaan River; Negros Occidental (Cadiz), BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, Lanao, Agusan. Lowland primary forests.
  21. Diospyros montana Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1 (1795) 37, t. 48; --Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 293; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 200.
  22. Diospyros multibracteata (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 76; --Maba multibracteata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 295; EPFP 3 (1923) 289. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Quezon, ALABAT, PANAY. Lowland forests.
  23. Diospyros multiflora Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 303; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 271. Endemic to the Philippines.
  24. Diospyros myrmecocalyx (Hiern) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 359. --Diospyros inclusa Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 292, excl. syn. D. mirandae Merr; --Type: Whitford 1682 (cited by Merrill, 1909), Masbate: Masbate prov., Aroroy, on hillsides, c. 240m, Oct-1906. Borneo and the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, PALAWAN, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Lowland forests.
  25. Diospyros nigra (J.F.Gmel.) Perr., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 3 (1825) 113; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 316; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 93; --Sapota nigra J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2 (1791) 750. --Diospyros nigra Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1945) 211; --Exemplary specimen: Species Blancoanae 618, Manila. A Mexican species introduced in the Philippines and escaped from cultivation and became wild.
  26. Diospyros nitida Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1905) 57; EPFP 3 (1923) 294; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 176; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 93; --Syntypes: Merrill 1737 (NY, US), Luzon: Rizal prov., Antipolo, Mar-1903; --Merrill 2976 (US), Luzon: Zambales prov., Botolan, Jun-1903; --FB 230 Gamill (NY, US), Guimaras, Jan-1904; --Elmer 6713 (NY), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Nov-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Benguet, Pangasinan, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Camarines, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, GUIMARAS, MINDANAO: Misamis, Davao. Secondary and primary lowland and hill forests, sometimes on limestone. Photos
  27. Diospyros philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. Syst. Nat. 8 (1844) 231; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 112; --Type: Cuming 1142 (L 2 sheets, MO, NY 2 sheets, WU, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., 1841. --Diospyros bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3807, not validly published, no Latin description; --Voucher: Elmer 15893 (L, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, Apr-1916. N Sulawesi and the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, MINDORO, MINDANAO. Lowland primary forests to 100m. Photos
  28. Diospyros pilosanthera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 304; -- Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 294; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 243; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 83; --Type: Not extant. Illustrative specimen: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 820 leg. M Ramos (US). Luzon: Batangas prov., Punta Santiago, in dry forest, 5m, 11-Feb-1915.
  29. Diospyros polyalthioides Korth. ex Hiern, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 198; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 241. --Diospyros plicata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Type: FB 13281 Foxworthy, de Mesa & Villamil (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., near Margosatubig, 11-May-1912. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo and the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Camarines, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, South Cotabato, Davao. Lowland primary forests.
  30. Diospyros poncei Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 131; --Type: BS 22842 Ponce (A: 2 sheets, NY, US), Mindanao: Surigao prov., Combot, on semi-open slopes, c. 15m, 28-Aug-1914. Endemic to the Philippines.
  31. Diospyros pyrrhocarpa Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. (1860) 250, 583; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 305; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 87; --Type from Sumatra. --Diospyros ahernii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Syntypes: FB 3071 Ahern’s Collector (NY, US), May-1905; --BS 3298 Ramos (not seen), Jun-1907, the above from Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso); --Elmer 9110 (not seen), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, May-1907. India (Assam), Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo (Sarawak), Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Agusan. Lowland and medium elevation mixed dipterocarp forests.
  32. Diospyros rigida Hiern, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12 (1873) 257. --Diospyros pauciflora C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 213; EPFP 3 (1923) 294, nom. illeg. (non Diospyros pauciflora King & Gamble). India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Sulawesi and Moluccas. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland primary forests up to 300m.
  33. Diospyros streptosepala Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 322; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 261; --Type: BS 30481 Ramos (US, iso), Catanduanes: Mt Mariguidon, forest near summit, c. 400m. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Medium elevation primary forests.
  34. Diospyros tenuipes Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 483; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 261; --Type: FB 29432 Salazar (PNH, holo, possibly lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Gonzaga, Bawa Barrio. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Lowland primary forest. Known only from the type collection.
  35. Diospyros toposia Ham.-Buch., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15 (1827) 115; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 291. --Diospyros foveo-reticulata Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) ) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Type: Ahern 278 (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Pasacao, Jan/Jun-1902. India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo and the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Palanan), Camarines Sur (Pasacao; Lupi), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga (San Ramon), Zamboanga del Sur (Port Banga), Cotabato, Davao. Lowland primary forests. Photos
  36. Diospyros transita (Bakh.) Kosterm., Blumea 23 (1977) 473; --Diospyros maritima Blume var. transita Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1941) 416. --Type: Elmer 12951 (A, F, GH, L, iso); paratypes: Elmer 12939 (A, F, GH, L), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  37. Diospyros ulo Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 30; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 312. Moluccas, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests.
  38. Diospyros whitfordii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 311; EPFP 3 (1923) 296; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 466; --Syntypes: FB 9019 Whitford, Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, Nov-1907; --FB 4811 Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Ayala, on forested ridges, c. 30m, Jul-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, Surigao. Lowland primary forests.
  39. Diospyros wrayi King & Gamble, Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. In J. As. Soc. Beng. 74 (1905-06) 209; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 174. --Diospyros alata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1774; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 290. Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt Pulgar, Bacungan, Aborlan). Lowland thickets and secondary forests.

Cultivated:

  1. Diospyros andamanica (Kurz) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1937) 34. --Diospyros malayana (Hiern) Bakh., Gard. Bull. Str. Sett. 7 (1933) 163; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 75; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 91. Andamans, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Lombok, Timor. Cultivated in the Philippines.
  2. Diospyros ehretioides Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 4137, nomen, ex G Don, Gen. Hist. 4 (1837) 40, descr., --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 89. Distribution?
  3. Diospyros kaki L.f., Sp. Pl. suppl. 2 (1781) 439; --Co (1989) Common Med. Pl. Cordillera Region, 214; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 90. Native of Japan and possibly China. Introduced in India, Indochina, Java, and the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, chiefly in the vicinity of Sagada and Bauko, where it is grown quite extensively. Fruiting from July to November. Photos
  4. Diospyros revoluta Poir., Encycl. (Lamarck) 5 (1804) 435. --Diospyros digyna Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3 (1798) 35; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 89. --Diospyros ebenaster Retz., Obs. 4 (1789) 31; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 291. Introduced from Mexico during the Spanish colonial period. Widely cultivated in the Philippines (LUZON, PALAWAN) in and about towns for its large ediblefruits.
  5. Diospyros virginiana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1057; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 95. Introduced from North America. Persimmon. Photos

Maba J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. = Diospyros


Literature

Bakhuizen van den Brink, RC. 1936-55. Revisio Ebenacearum Malayensium. Contributions ā Etude de la flore des Indes Nčerlandses XXXIII. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg ser. 3, 15: 1-515, +92 plates.

Barrie, FR. 2006. Report of the General Committee: 9. Taxon 55: 795-800. [Diospyros philippensis]

Brummitt, RK. 2002. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 53. Taxon 51: 795-699. [Diospyros philippensis]

Brummitt, RK. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57. Taxon 54: 1093-1103. [Diospyros philippensis]

Knapp, S & MG Gilbert. 2002. (1548) Proposal to conserve the name Diospyros discolor against Cavanillea philippensis (Ebenaceae). Taxon 51: 579-580.

Ng, FSP. 2002. Ebenaceae in: Tree Flora of Sabah & Sarawak 4: 29-100.

Copyright Š 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 November 2016