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Fabaceae 

= Leguminosae

Subfamily Caesalpinioideae

Afzelia Sm.

Photos
  1. Afzelia rhomboidea (Blanco) Vidal, Cat. Pl. Prov. Manila (1880) 28; --Ding Hou, Blumea 38 (1994) 318; Ding Hou in Ding Hou et. al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 441, Fig. 3a-f; --Pahudia rhomboidea (Blanco) Prain, Sc. Mem. Med. Off. Army India 12 (1901) 46; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 257; --Eperua rhomboidea Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 260; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 119, t. 281. --Intsia acuminata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 20; EPFP 2 (1923) 257. Sumatra, Borneo (Sabah, Kalimantan), and the Philippines. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Low to medium elevation primary forests. Photos

Bauhinia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 February 2014

Photos
  1. Bauhinia acuminata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 375; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 230; EPFP 2 (1923) 258; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 393, Fig. 1; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 445, Fig. 4. Continental SE Asia, Java, Timor, Borneo, Philippines, indigenous to the monsoon area. Also widely cultivated and a frequent escape from gradens. Photos
  2. Bauhinia dolichocalyx Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 231; EPFP 2 (1923) 259; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 448; --Gigasiphon dolichocalyx (Merr.) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 420, Fig. 6; --Type: FB 7756 Curran & Merritt (PNH, holo, lost; US, candidate for lecto), Luzon: Batangas prov., 28 Oct 1907. --Bauhinia grandiflora Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 332; ed. 2, 1 (1845) 231; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 67, non Juss.; --Type: non extant; possible candidate for neotype: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 531, leg. M Ramos (US, neo; NY, isoneo), Luzon: Batangas prov., Mt San Pedro, slopes, dry forest, 55m, 20-Aug-1914. LUZON: Batangas. Dry slopes at low elevation. Known only from the type locality and vicinity.
  3. Bauhinia monandra Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 42, ii (1873) 73; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 260; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 401; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 450; --Type from Myanmar. Origin unknown, only known in the cultivated state. Closest relatives from South America and hence may be neotropic. Widely cultivated in the tropics on account of its showy flowers. In Malesia grown all over, but not commonly. Photos
  4. Bauhinia purpurea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 375; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 261; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 406; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 452; --Neotype: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 1050 (L, designated by de Wit, 1956; isoneo: US). Native of tropical Asia, probably only in the continental monsoon area NW to Nepal. Cultivated throughout S and SE Asia. Photos
  5. Bauhinia tomentosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 375; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 261; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 409; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 454. Origin in tropical Asia, probably spontaneous in India. Cultivated in the Philippines, sometimes escaping. Photos
  6. Bauhinia variegata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 375; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 411; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 454. Indigenous to S China, Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Widely cultivated in the tropics, also in Malesia. Photos

Caesalpinia L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 September 2013

Photos
  1. Caesalpinia crista L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 380, pro parte; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 232; EPFP 2 (1923) 266 (excluding syn. Guilandina bonduc L., G. bonducella L. & Caesalpinia bonducella Flem.); --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 20, Fig. 4/3; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 542; --Type from Sri Lanka. --Caesalpinia nuga (L.) Aiton, Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 3 (1811) 32; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 54; Fl. Manila (1912) 232; EPFP 2 (1923) 267; --Guilandina nuga L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 546; --Type from Ambon. --Caesalpinia laevigata Perr., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3 (1824) 104; --Type: Perrottet sn., Philippines. Coastal parts of SE Asia, from India through Malesia to Ryukyu Isls, Australia (Queensland), Palau Is & New Caledonia. All over Malesia except E Sumatra and E Borneo. Throughout the Philippines. Coastal thickets, tidal swamps, sandy beaches, in and behind the sandy parts of mangroves, etc. To be assigned to a different genus (Gagnon et al. 2013). Photos
  2. Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston, Fl. Ceylon, Suppl. (1931) 89; --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 24; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 543; --Reichardia? decapetala Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. (1821) 212; --Type from India. --Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb. [Hort. Beng. (1814) 32, nom. nud.], Fl. Ind. ed. Carey, 2 (1832) 360; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 55, 371; EPFP 2 (1923) 268; --Type from India. --Mezoneuron benguetense (Elmer) Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 362; --Caesalpinia benguetensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 226; --Type: Elmer 8720 (BO, K, L, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, Mar-1907 India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Japan, Sumatra (N half), Peninsular Malaysia (Penang Is), Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok; Flores; Timor), N Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Pacific islands (Tahiti; Oahu, indigenous?). LUZON: Isabela, Benguet. Also cultivated in other tropical countries and then run wild. Thickets about limestone cliffs and boulders, c. 1200m. To be assigned to a different genus (Gagnon et al. 2013).
  3. Caesalpinia parviflora Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, ii (1897) 230 (descr.), 470, incl. var. typica; --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 45; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 549; --Type from Peninsular Malaysia. --Caesalpinia minutiflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1803; --Type: Elmer 12969 (iso: BM, K, L, NY, P, PNH, U, US), Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar [=Thumb Peak], ‘over riverbank woods at 250ft in red stony soil’, Apr 1911. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests and clearings. To be assigned to a different genus (Gagnon et al. 2013).
  4. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw., Obs. Bot. (1791) 66; --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 50; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 551; --Poinciana pulcherrima L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 380; --Syntypes from India. Native of tropical America, now distributed pantropically. Cultivated as an ornamental throughout the Philippines, naturalized in some regions. Photos
  5. Caesalpinia sappan L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 381; -- Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 51; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 551; --Type from Sri Lanka. Origin unknown. Cultivated in S & SE Asia, Malesia, Africa and America. Sometimes escaped from cultivation. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation. In dry thickets, parang, etc., locally abundant. Photos

Cassia L.

Photos
  1. Cassia fistula L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 377; de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 207; Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 339; ed. 2 (1845) 237; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 77; t. 124 bis; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 116; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 14; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 63; ibid. 3 c (1908) Bot. 82; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 50; Fl. Manila (1912) 234; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 174; EPFP 2 (1923) 262; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 557, Fig. 21 Probably native of India and Sri Lanka and perhaps in Myanmar and N Thailand, now widespread in the tropics, also in the Neotropics. Most certainly introduced to China, Peninsular Malaysia and the Philippines. Photos
  2. Cassia grandis L.f., Suppl. (1781) 230; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 559; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. Native of tropical America. Introduced as an ornamental all over the tropics. PALAWAN (Aborlan; Puerto Princesa). Photos
  3. Cassia javanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 378; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 70; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 24, t. 42, Fig. D; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 116; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 14; -- Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 63; ibid. 3 c (1908) Bot. 82; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 48; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 174; EPFP 2 (1923) 263; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 561, Fig. 22.

Chamaecrista Moench

Photos
  1. Chamaecrista mimosoides (L.) Greene, Pittonia 4 (1899) 27; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 567, Fig. 23; --Cassia mimosoides L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 379; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 51; EPFP 2 (1923) 263; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 283; --Type from Sri Lanka. Origin probably in continental SE Asia. Usually regarded as introduced in Malesia, Africa and the neotropics. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation grasslands, in some regions ascending to 1500m. Photos
  2. Chamaecrista mindanaensis (Merr.) K Larsen, Nord. J. Bot. 13 (1993) 404; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 569; --Cassia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 388; EPFP 2 (1923) 264; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 286; --Type: FB 28245 Mataya (NY). Mindanao: Davao, Mt Bulan, along banks of streams, c. 40m, 23-Nov-1920. MINDANAO: Davao. Low elevation, along streams.

Crudia Schreber

No Photos
  1. Crudia blancoi Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 309; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 118; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 39; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 170; EPFP 2 (1923) 256; --de Wit, Bull. Bot. Gard. Buitenzorg III, 18 (1950) 419, Fig. 2; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 579; --Type: extant? Illustrative specimen: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 882 (L). Luzon: Apataloa blancoi (Rolfe) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 19. Crudia spicata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 261; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 121, t. 244 (as ‘Crudya’). Philippines, Moluccas (Tanimbar Isls), Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Pangasinan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests, chiefly along streams.
  2. Crudia cauliflora Merr., J. Arn. Arb. 35 (1954) 136; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 581; --Type: BS 34092 (A, holo). SIARGAO. Known only from the type.
  3. Crudia subsimplicifolia Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 39; EPFP 2 (1923) 256; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 592; --Type: FB 4287 Klemme (K, iso; L photo). Luzon: Cagayan prov., San Vicente, c. 10m, Jun-1906. Borneo (Sabah; Sarawak), Philippines, Aru Isls. LUZON: Cagayan, LEYTE. Lowland forests.

Cynometra L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2013

Photos
  1. Cynometra cebuensis Seidenschwarz, Blumea 58 (2013) 18; --Type: Seidenschwarz s.n. (L0820723, holo; L0820722, L0820721, iso), Cebu: Tabunan forest. Endemic to Cebu. Dry forest on limestone.
  2. Cynometra copelandii (Elmer) Elmer., LPB 8 (1915) 2734; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 254; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 17; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 601; --Type: Elmer 12234 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, L). SIBUYAN. Only known from the type collection. Forests, 250m.
  3. Cynometra elmeri Merr., Pl. Elmer. Born. (1929) 98. --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 29, Fig. 3; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 602, Fig. 29. Borneo (Sabah) and the Philippines: LUZON (Rizal prov, 1 coll.). Only known from fruiting materials. In Sabah, recorded from forests near mangrove swamps, 50-300m.
  4. Cynometra inaequifolia A Gray, Bot., in Wilkes, U.S. Expl. Exped. I (1854) 473; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 254; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 26, Fig. 1a; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 603; --Type: Wilkes, U.S. Expl. Exped., Luzon: Laguna prov., Los Banos (holo not located in GH and US; paratype Cuming 1297 seen in BM, K by Meeuwen). LUZON: La Union, Cagayan, Isabela, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Cavite, Batangas, PANAY; NEGROS. Forests at low and medium elevation. Differs from the vegetatively similar C. ramiflora by its ± smooth pods. Photos
  5. Cynometra iripa Kostel., Allg. Med. Pharm. Fl. 4 (1835) 1341; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 21, Fig. 1d; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 603. Sri Lanka, India (Bengal, Sundribuns), Andaman Is., Myanmar (near Rangoon, Tenasserim), Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Micronesia, Marianas (Guam), Australia (N Queensland). TABLAS, PANAY, MINDANAO. Mangrove swamps, littoral scrub; on or near beach, but also found in the hills up to 500m.
  6. Cynometra mirabilis Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 25, Fig. 1b; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 605; --Type: FB 20528 Miranda (L, holo; BO, UC, US). --Cynometra bijuga var. mimosoides sensu Merr. (1923) non (Baker) Merr., which is = C. iripa. As to FB 20528 Miranda and FB 20504 Rafael & Ponce. Borneo (Sabah, Banggi Is.) and S Philippines. MINDANAO (Agusan del Norte, Butuan; Surigao); TAWI-TAWI. Near the seashore or along rivers, 0-150m.
  7. Cynometra ramiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 382, excl. syn. Iripa Rheede; –Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 23, Fig. 1c; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 606. --Cynometra bijuga Span. [Linnaea 15 (1841) 201, nom. nud.] ex Miq., Fl. Bat. Ind. I, I (1855) 78; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 254.
  8. Cynometra simplicifolia Harms, Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl. 3 (1902) 186; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 16; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 607; --Type: Cuming 1134 (PNH, holo, lost; BM, C, G, K, L, M, NY). --Cynometra simplicifolia var. oblongata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 37; EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Lectotype: FB 2978 Ahern’s coll. (PNH, holo lost?; K, NY, US). --Cynometra luzoniensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 266; EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Type: Merrill 2128 (PNH, holo, lost?; US). LUZON (throughout), MINDORO, MINDANAO, BASILAN. In thickets and open, dry forests on the slopes of mountains, up to 1300m.
  9. Cynometra warburgii Harms, Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl. 3 (1902) 187; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 28; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 607; --Lectotype: Warburg 12427 (B, holo, lost; no iso seen by Meeuwen). LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Note by L.L.Co: known from 2 collections only, apart from the type. In forests chiefly near streams, at low and medium elevation. Photos

Cultivated

  1. Cynometra cauliflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 382; –Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 254. --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 20; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 601. Only known in cultivated state, possibly a cultigen, according to Burkill probably derived from E Malesia from where it spread since Europeans arrived in the archipelago.

Doubtful occurrence in the Philippines

  1. Cynometra dongnaiensis Pierre, Fl. Cochin. 5 (1899) t. 389; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 254 (‘dongnainsis’). Merrill (loc.cit.) cited three collections from the Philippines, viz. ‘CEBU, MINDANAO (Butuan, Davao), FB 6488 Espinosa, 20563 Miranda, 26244 Ceballos’. Unfortunately, Knaap van Meeuwen failed to see any duplicates of this numbers in the herbaria consulted, nor other Philippine collections which can be referred to this species, so the record remains questionable.

 Erythrophloeum Afzel. ex R.Br. = Sympetalandra

 Gigasiphon Drake = Bauhinia

Gleditsia L.

Photos
  1. Gleditsia rolfei Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 115, (as Gleditschia’); --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 63; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 51; EPFP 2 (1923) 265; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 621, Fig. 34; --Type: Vidal 1826 (K). Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov. Laos, Vietnam, Taiwan, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Medium elevation forests. Two sheets of RS Williams 564 in NY (barcode 00004392 & 00004393) labeled as neotype and iso(neo)type, respectively. Is the K type lost? Photos

Guilandina L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 September 2013

Photos
  1. Guilandina bonduc L., Sp. Pl. 1: 381; --Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2 (1832) 362; emend. Dandy & Exell, J. Bot. 76 (1938) 179; --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 17, Fig. 3; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 541. Pantropic. All over Malesia but distinctly scarce in the rainforest areas in Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines and W New Guinea. Often in thickets along or near the seashore. Photos

Intsia Thou.

Photos
  1. Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 192; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 235; EPFP 2 (1923) 257; --Ding Hou, Blumea 38 (1994) 324, Fig. 1; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 623, Fig. 35e. Madagascar, Indian Ocean islands, tropical Asia through Malesia to N Australia, Melanesia and Micronesia. Throughout the Philippines from BABUYAN ISLS, N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Usually along the seashore, edge of rivers (including tidal), back of mangroves, in some localities occurring in inland forests, both primary and secondary. Photos
  2. Intsia palembanica Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860) 107, nomen; (1861) 289, descr.; --Ding Hou, Blumea 38 (1994) 326, Fig. 1; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 623, Fig. 35 a-d. Andamans, Myanmar, Thailand; throughout Malesia (except Java?). LUZON: Isabela (Palanan, ISU 147, L), PALAWAN: Taytay (Pagdanan Range, Ibangley; Lake Manguao), San Vicente (between Roxas & Port Barton). Primary and secondary lowland forests.

Kingiodendron Harms

No Photos
  1. Kingiodendron alternifolium (Elmer) Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 4 c (1909) 267; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 255; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 46; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 627, Fig. 37; --Hardwickia alternifolia Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 362; --Type: Elmer 7356 (Merr. &  Rolfe ‘7366’) (PNH, holo, lost; BO). Solomon Isls, New Guinea and the Philippines: LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon (Guinayangan; Mulanaw; San Narciso), Camarines, Albay, MASBATE; TICAO, PANAY: Iloilo (Miag-ao), NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur (Port Banga). In forests, up to 800m.

Koompassia Maingay

Photos
  1. Koompassia excelsa (Becc.) Taub. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 3 (1891) 156; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 262; --de Wit, Bull. Bot. Gard. Buitenz. 3, 17 (1947) 311; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 632. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN: Puerto Princesa Subterranean River Natural Park; Aborlan (Sagpangan). Lowland primary forests. Photos

 Lysiphyllum (Benth.) de Wit

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 February 2014

No Photos
  1. Lysiphyllum binatum (Blanco) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 432, Fig. 10; --Bauhinia binata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 331 (‘binnata’); --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 43; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 172; EPFP 2 (1923) 258; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 502; --Type: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 998 (L, neo; isoneo: K, MO, US, W), Luzon: Quezon prov., Pagbilao, Oct 1916. --Bauhinia blancoi (Benth.) Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2 (1878) 278; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1 (1904) 8; --Phanera blancoi Benth. In Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 264; --Type: Cuming 1518 (E, PRC, W). Thailand, throughout Malesia (excepting Sumatra and Malay Peninsula) to N Australia. LUZON: Zambales, Quezon, CORON, PALAWAN, DUMARAN, PANAY, NEGROS, CEBU, BOHOL, SIBUTU, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Restricted to coastal areas, in sandy soil as well as among rocks and in tidal forests. Prefential to seasonal areas.

 Mezoneuron Desf.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 September 2016

Photos
  1. Mezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 283; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 268; --Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb., [Hort. Beng. (1814) 32, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 2 (1832) 358; --Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1974) 22; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 543. India, China, Vietnam, Thailand, N & W Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Borneo (Kalimantan: Banjarmasin), Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Medium elevation forests along streams and lakes. Not mentioned for the Philippines by Clark (2016).
  2. Mezoneuron hymenocarpum Wight & Arnott ex Prain, Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66 (1897) 233, 472; --Type from Myanmar. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Australia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Conservation status: LC (Clark 2016).
  3. Mezoneuron latisiliquum (Cav.) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 268; EPFP 2 (1923) 268; --Caesalpinia latisiliqua (Cav.) Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1973) 37; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 547; --Bauhinia? latisiliqua Cav., Ic. 5 (1799) 5, t. 408; --Type: Cavanilles’ plate excl. bauhinioid leaves, from Luzon; Cuming 1193 (K, epi; K, L, isoepi), Luzon: Albay. --Caesalapinia torquata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 336; --Type: lost. --Mezoneurum procumbens Blanco, Fl. Filip. II (1845) 235; --Type: lost. --Mezoneurum glabrum auct. non Desf.: Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 70. --Mezoneurum rubrum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 7; --Type: Merrill 805 (PNH, holo, lost; K, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Point Separacion, 20-Feb-1903. --Mezoneurum cabadbarense Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3757; --Type: Elmer 13386 (BM, BO, GH, K, L, NY, P, PNH, U, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. --Mezoneuron sumatranum Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 269, non (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. (1834). Vietnam, Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Kalimatan), Philippines (widespread), Sulawesi (N, C & SE), Papua New Guinea (Morobe). Rocks on sunny hot dry slopes, riverbanks and roadsides, secondary forest fringes and thickets, 50-1500m. Conservation status: LC (Clark 2016). Photos
  4. Mezoneuron mindorense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 232; EPFP 2 (1923) 268; --Caesalpinia mindorensis (Merr.) Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1973) 41; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 548; --Type: Merritt s.n., For. Bur. no. 479 (L, neo), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Pinamalayan, 20-Oct-1906. --Mezoneuron mindorense Merr. var. inermis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 232; EPFP 2 (1923) 268; --Type: BS 1514 J Bermejos (BO, GH, K, NY, PNH, US, syn), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Bulalacao, 8-Sep-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, BILIRAN, MINDANAO. Lowland secondary forests, edge of swamps, thickets. Conservation status: VU (Clark 2016).
  5. Mezoneuron pubescens Desf., Mém. Mus. Paris 4 (1818) 245; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 56; Fl. Manila (1912) 230; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 176; EPFP 2 (1923) 269; --Caesalpinia pubescens (Desf.) Hattink, Reinwardtia 9 (1973) 47; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 550; --Type from Java. N Vietnam, Peninsular Thailand, Bangka, Java, Madura, Kangean Isls, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok; Sumbawa; Flores; Timor; Wetar), Sulawesi (SW and Salajar), Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal. Lowlands in open dry grasslands, thin thickets, etc. Prefers seasonal drought and flowers at the end of the wet season. Conservation status: LC (Clark 2016).

Peltophorum (Vogel) Benth.

Photos
  1. Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC) Backer ex K Heyne, Nutt. Pl. Ned.-Ind., ed. 2 (1927) 755; -- Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 651, Fig. 41. Peltophorum inerme (Roxb.) Llanos in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83), t. 335; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 69 in syn.; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 57; Fl. Manila (1912) 233; EPFP 2 (1923) 269; -- Caesalpinia inerme Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 90; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2 (1832) 367; --Type: Unknown Peltophorum ferrugineum Benth., Fl. Austral. 2 (1864) 279; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 69; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 110; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 114; --Type from Timor. Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam, throughout Malesia to N Australia. LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales, Batangas, MINDORO, CORON, PALAWAN, BALABAC, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS. Usually along coastal forests and behind mangroves. Now extensively cultivated elsewhere in parks and roadsides as an ornamental shade tree. Photos

 Phanera Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 March 2015

Photos
  1. Phanera aherniana (Perkins) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 448; --Bauhinia aherniana Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1 (1904) 8; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 258; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 461; --Type: Merrill 1237 (A, lecto; BM, K, NY [2 sheets], SING, TI, US, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Baco, Jan-1903. --Bauhinia halleriana Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 691; --Type: Elmer 12172 (NY, lecto; C, P, US, W, isolecto), Romblon, Mar-1910. Sabah, Philippines. Photos
  2. Phanera ferruginea (Roxb.) Benth., Pl. Jungh. [Miquel] (1852) 26; --Bauhinia ferruginea Roxb. Fl. Ind. (Roxburgh) 2 (1832) 331.
  3. Phanera finlaysoniana (Grah. ex Benth.), Pl. Jungh. [Miquel] (1852) 262; --Bauhinia finlaysoniana (Grah. ex Benth.) Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1878) 278. Borneo, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. Photos
  4. Phanera integrifolia (Roxb.) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 263; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 478; --Bauhinia integrifolia Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 90, nom. nud., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 2 (1832) 331; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 480. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. Photos
  5.  Phanera lingua (DC.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. i. I. 67; --Bauhinia lingua DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 516; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 483. --Bauhinia warburgii Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1 (1904) 12; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 46; EPFP 2 (1923) 261; --Type: Warburg 12823. --Bauhinia pinchotiana Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 1 (1904) 12; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 45; --Type: Cuming 1119 (K, lecto; E, G, L [2 sheets], P, W, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Sur prov. --Bauhinia semibifida auct. non Roxb.: Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 24, pl. 43, Fig. 1; --Fern-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 73.
  6. Phanera merrilliana (Perkins) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 461; --Bauhinia merrilliana Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1 (1904) 10; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 45; EPFP 2 (1923) 260; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 485, Fig. 10a; --Type: Merrill 694 (A, holo; BM, NY, SING, US), iso, Palawan: Palawan prov., I-wi-ig (=Iwahig) River, 18-Feb-1903. Borneo, Philippines. Photos
  7. Phanera pachyphylla (Merr.) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 461; --Bauhinia pachyphylla Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 25; EPFP 4 (1925) 252; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 487; --Type: Loher 12978 (K, lecto; M, isolecto), Luzon: Rizal prov., Balintingan, c. 1400m, Apr-1915. Endemic to Philippines.
  8. Phanera pauciflora (Merr.) de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 462; --Bauhinia pauciflora Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 13; EPFP 2 (1923) 260; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 488; --Type: BS 13113 Foxworthy & Ramos (K, lecto; L, US, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Dapdap Point, in forest, Mar-1911. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Lowland forest. Note by L.L.co: Known only with certainty from the type. De Wit (1956) and Larsen (1996) cite several collections from Mountain Province (actually Ifugao), Zambales, Rizal, and Quezon as probably conspecific with this species.
  9. Phanera semibifida (Roxb.) .) Benth. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. (1852) 263; --de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 465, Fig. 15; --Bauhinia semibifida Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 31, nom. nud.; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 2 (1832) 330; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 490, Fig. 11a, b. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. Photos

 Piliostigma Hochst.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 February 2014

Photos
  1. Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth., Plantae Junghuhnianae enumeratio plantarum 1852; --Bauhinia malabarica Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 31, nom. nud., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 2 (1832) 321; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 260; --K & SS Larsen in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 456. --Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Benth. var. acidum de Wit, Reinwardtia 3 (1956) 531, Fig. 30. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, Java to Timor, the Philippines, Australia (Queensland). A typical species of the more seasonal parts of the archipelago. Photos

Pterolobium R.Br. ex Wight & Arnott

Photos
  1. Pterolobium membranulaceum (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 22; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 52; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 175; EPFP 2 (1923) 266; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 658, Fig. 42 j; --Mimosa membranulacea Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 739; --Type: non extant; Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 454, leg. M Ramos (L, neo; L, isoneo). Luzon: Bulacan prov., Angat, 1 Sept 1913; --Syn(neo)type: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 664 (L, iso). Luzon: Bulacan prov., Angat, Dec 1913. Reichardia pentapetala Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 233; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 71, nom. nov; --Type: as the preceding. LUZON: Pangasinan (Hundred Islands), Bulacan, Rizal. Low and medium elevation thickets about cliffs. Also on coralline limestone. Fl. Sept.; fr. Nov., Dec. Photos

Saraca L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2012

Photos

  1. Saraca thaipingensis Cantley ex King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66 (1897) 211. Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines. Not native? Photos

Senna Mill.

Photos
  1. Senna alata (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2 , 2 (1832) 349; --Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 460; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 675, Fig. 47; --Cassia alata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 378; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 234; EPFP 2 (1923) 262; --Corner, Wayside Trees (1940) 388; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 231; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 540. Native of tropical America, now pantropical. In Malesia: Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali), Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation, in the settled areas, secondary forests and clearings. Sometimes planted. Photos
  2. Senna divaricata (Nees & Blume) K Larsen, Nordic J. Bot. 13 (1993) 404; --Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) xxx;--K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 677; --Cassia divaricata Nees & Blume, Syll. Ratisb. 1 (1824) 94; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 116; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 49; EPFP 2 (1923) 262. Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Java), Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Zambales. Medium elevation forests and thickets to 1600m.
  3. Senna fruticosa (Mill.) Irwin & Barnaby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 121; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 678; --Cassia fruticosa Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8, no. 10 (1768); --Corner, Wayside Trees (1940) 388; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 247; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 537. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America. Pantropically cultivated as ornamental. In the Philippines grown as an ornamental tree from the lowlands to c. 1400m. Said to rarely escape cultivation and becoming naturalized. Seed-setting is also reportedly poor.
  4. Senna hirsuta (L.) Irwin & Barneby, Phytologia 44 (1979) 499; Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 425; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 679; --Cassia hirsuta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 378; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 70; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 30; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 50; Fl. Manila (1912) 234; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 173; EPFP 2 (1923) 263. Cassia longisiliqua Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 338, non L.f.; --Cassia sulcata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 236; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 76, non DC; --Type: none extant.
  5. Senna obtusifolia (L.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 252; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 681; --Cassia obtusifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 377; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 6 (1904) 30; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1955) 254; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 540. Origin uncertain, widespread throughout the tropics. In Malesia collected from Singapore, Java, the Philippines and New Guinea, but probably occurs all over. Lowlands.
  6. Senna occidentalis (L.) Link, Handb. 2 (1831) 140; --Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 436; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 681; Fig. 48; --Cassia occidentalis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 377; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 338; ed. 2 (1845) 236; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 75, t. 73; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 70; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 110; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 115; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 50; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 173; Fl. Manila (1912) 234; EPFP 2 (1923) 264; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 256 Native of South America, now widespread pantropically. A long-time immigrant in the Malesian region. Throughout the Philippines, from sea-level to 1200m, often a weed in waste places in and about towns. Fl. throughout the year. Photos
  7. Senna siamea (Lam.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 98; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 685; --Cassia siamea Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 648; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 71; --Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 116; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 51; --Merr., Fl Manila (1912) 233; EPFP 2 (1923) 264; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 263. Cassia florida Vahl, Symb. 3 (1794) 57; --Merr., Philip. Bureau Forestry Bull. 1 (1903) 24. Cassia arayatensis Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1877-83) t. 426, non Llanos. Native to Myanmar, Thailand and probably Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Widely planted throughout the tropics. Commonly planted shade tree in the Philippines at low elevation.
  8. Senna sophera (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2 , 2 (1832) 347 (‘sophora’); --Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 440;--K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 686; -- Cassia sophera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 379; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 50; EPFP 2 (1923) 264; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1956) 265; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 538; --Type from Sri Lanka. Origin in the neotropics, now pantropically distributed. N to C LUZON. An occasional weed in the settled areas at low and medium elevation.
  9. Senna spectabilis (DC.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 600; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 686; --Cassia spectabilis DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813) 90; --Corner, Wayside Trees, ed. 2 (1952) 727; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1955) 267. Native of tropical America. A widely grown ornamental all over Malesia. Photos
  10. Senna timoriensis (DC.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. NY Bot. Gard. 35 (1982) 98; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 689; --Cassia timorensis DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 499; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 264; --Corner, Wayside Trees (1940) 390; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1955) 273; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 541. Cassia arayatensis Llanos, Fragm. (1851) 71; --Fern.-Villar & Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1880) 55; -- Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 173; --Type: not known, based on description. Cassia montana Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 452; Sp. Blancoaonae (1918) 173, non Heyne. Sri Lanka throughout SE Asia to N Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Pampanga, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna. Low and medium elevation thickets. Fl. throughout the year.
  11. Senna tora (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2 , 2 (1832) 340; --K Larsen & Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 689; --Cassia tora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 376; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 337; ed. 2 (1845) 235; ed. 3, 2 (1878) 74, t. 122; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 70; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 110; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 115; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 49; Fl. Manila (1912) 234; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 173; EPFP 2 (1923) 265; --de Wit, Webbia 11 (1955) 276; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 539; --Type from India. Origin not certain, but strictly limited to the Old World tropics. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation, a very common weed in the settled areas.

 Sindora Miq.

With additions by James V. LaFrankie, 26 June 2012

No photos
  1. Sindora coriacea (Baker) Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66 (1897) 206; --Afzelia coriacea Baker, Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 2 (1887) 275.
  2. Sindora inermis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 314; EPFP 2 (1923) 256; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 700; --Type: FB 23054 Ferraris (iso in US), Mindanao: Saranggani prov., Saranggani Bay, Sapu, near mangrove, 3-Oct-1914. S LUZON: Camarines, SIBUTU, JOLO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Saranggani, DINAGAT. Forest along the seashore and at low elevation inland.
  3. Sindora supa Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 198; EPFP 2 (1923) 256; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 706; --Type: Merrill 2611 (NY, US, iso). Luzon: Quezon prov., Pagbilao, May-1903. LUZON: Aurora (Baler), Nueva Ecija, Quezon (Lagumanoc; Pagbilao; Atimonan, Guinayangan), Camarines, Albay, MINDORO. Forests at low and medium elevation.
  4. Sindora wallichii Benth., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 11 (1867) t. 1017-18.

 Sympetalandra Stapf

Photos
  1. Sympetalandra densiflora (Elmer) Steen., Blumea 22 (1975) 165; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 711; --Erythrophloeum densiflorum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 267; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 35; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Meeuwen, Blumea 18 (1970) 31; --Cynometra densiflora Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 222; --Type: Elmer 9014 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, in humid woods at 500m near Sampaloc, May-1907. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Quezon (Lucban; Bulin; Dugatan; Guinayangan), Camarines, Sorsogon, PALAWAN, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao. In forests from the lowland up to 500m. Flowering in Apr, May; fr. July. Photos
  2. Sympetalandra unijuga (Airy Shaw) Steen., Blumea 22 (1975) 163; --Ding Hou in Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 713, Fig. 51 a-c; --Erythrophloeum unijugatum Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1939) 180; --Type from Sabah. --Erythrophloeum densiflorum auct. non (Elmer) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 267; EPFP 2 (1923) 253. Sumatra (E coast, Indragiri, Bengkulu), Peninsular Malaysia (Johore), Borneo (Kalimantan; Sarawak; Sabah), Philippines. LUZON. Photos

Tamarindus L.

Photos
  1. Tamarindus indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 34; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 29; ed. 2 (1845) 20; ed. 3, 1 (1877) 39, t. 14; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 71; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 110; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 118; Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 24, t. 43, Fig. D; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 40; Fl. Manila (1912) 235; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 179; EPFP 2 (1923) 257; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 728; --Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 728, Fig. 55. Perhaps indigenous in Africa. Widely cultivated all over the tropics. Throughout the settled areas of the Philippines, of prehistoric introduction. Tamarind; Sampalok.   Photos

Non-naturalized, cultivated taxa:

  1. Amherstia nobilis Wall. In Taylor & Philips, Phil. Mag. n.s. 3 (1828) 223; --Corner, Wayside Trees, ed. 2, 1 (1952) 378; 2 (1952), t. 78; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 530; --Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 717. Native of Myanmar. Introduced and cultivated in the Philippines.
  2. Brownea grandiceps Jacq., Collectanea 3 (1791) 287, t. 22, Fig. a-i; --Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 720. Native of Venezuela. Cultivated in Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines and possibly elsewhere in Malesia.
  3. Brownea hybrida Hort. ex Backer (‘Hort. Bog.’), Schoolfl. Java (1911) 418; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 530; --Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 720. Hybrid of unknown origin and uncertain descent. Cultivated in some places in Sumatra, Java and the Philippines.
  4. Delonix regia (Boj,) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2 (1836) 92; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 231; EPFP 2 (1923) 266; -- Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 721, Fig. 53. Native of Madagascar. Cultivated throughout the tropics for the magnificent flowers. Photos
  5. Haematoxylum campechianum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 384; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 543; -- Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 723. Native of tropical America, now widely cultivated in the tropics.
  6. Hymenea courbaril L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1192; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 528; -- Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 724. var courbaril Native of the neotropics, widely distributed from S Mexico and the West Indies to Brazil. Cultivated elsewhere in the tropics.
  7. Schizolobium parahybum (Vell.) Blake, Contr. US Nat. Herb. 20 (1919) 240; Sp. Pl. (1753) 384; --Ding Hou et al., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 728; --Schizolobium excelsum Vogel, Linnaea 11 (1837) 399; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 542. Native of the neotropics, from Central America to Brazil. In Malesia cultivated as an ornamental: seen from Sumatra, Java, Philippines.

Acknowledgements

Lydia Robledo kindly provided some of the photos on this webpage.

Literature

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