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Fabaceae 

= Leguminosae

Subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia Mill.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 June 2015

Photos
  1. Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. ex Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 377; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 58; --Racosperma auriculiformis (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 247. Australia, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea. Introduced elsewhere in SE Asia, including the Philippines where it is also now thoroughly naturalized. Photos
  2. Acacia confusa Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 27; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 61; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Racosperma confusum (Merr.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 215; --Type: Merrill 2114 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Subig (Subic) and vicinity, Apr-1903. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. On slopes and dry forest at low elevation. Very local. Planted in other parts of the Philippines. Photos
  3. Acacia mangium Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1053; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 59; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Racosperma mangium (Willd.) Pedley, Austrobaileya 2 (4) (1987) 152. E Australia (N of 18°S but absent from C York Peninsula), S New Guinea, Aru Isls, S Moluccas (Ambon; Buru; Seram), Sula Isls; introduced and naturalized in the Philippines as a reforestation crop. Photos

Adenanthera L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Adenanthera intermedia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 228; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Nielsen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 102; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 169. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Lowland primary forests, ascending to 700m. Fl. & fr. probably throughout the year. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Albizia Durazz.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Albizia acle (Blanco) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 46; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 71; --Pithecellobium acle (Blanco) S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 121; --Serialbizzia acle (Blanco) Kosterm., Bull. Org. Sci. Res. Indonesia No. 20 (1954) 16; --Mimosa acle Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 738; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 509; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 140. Philippines, SE Sulawesi. N LUZON to PALAWAN and NEGROS. Lowland forests, humid forests, 0-150m. Fl. Mar-Apr; fr. Sep-Oct, Jan-Feb.
  2. Albizia corniculata (Lour.) Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4 (1917) 603; --Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 140; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 45; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 73; --Mimosa corniculata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 651; --Type: from S China. --Albizia scandens Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 265; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 21; PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 87; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 185. S China (Guangdong), Indochina, Thailand, Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah), Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests.
  3. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 87; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 75; --Mimosa lebbeck L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 516. Probably native of E Africa and mainland Asia; cultivated and naturalized throughout Malesia including the Philippines.
  4. Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 76; --Acacia lebbekoides DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 467. Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi (Sumbawa; Kisar; Sumba; Komodo; Flores, Bali; Timor), Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. LUZON to MINDANAO. In dry thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Mar-Jun, Sep; fr. Oct-Dec, Mar, May. Photos
  5. Albizia pedicellata Baker ex Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 563; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 78. --Albizia magallanensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 693; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: Elmer 12089. --Albizia myriantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 8. Sumatra, Bangka, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Lowland forests.
  6. Albizia philippinensis Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 42; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79. --Albizia marginata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 23. --Albizia julibrissin Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 5. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO. Hill forest, 250(-?)m. Fl. Aug-Sep; fr. Apr, Jun. 
  7. Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79; --Mimosa procera Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2 (1799) 12. India, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Hainan, Taiwan, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Kai Isls, Tanimbar, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland). LUZON: Cagayan to Batangas, MINDORO, BUSUANGA. Second-growth forests, thickets, parang vegetation at low and medium elevation in regions subject to a long dry season. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Photos
  8. Albizia retusa Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 80. Photos
  9. Albizia saman (Jacq.) F.Muell, Select Pl. ed. 2 (1876) 12; --Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6 (1916) 47; EPFP 2 (1923) 242; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 156; --Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 662 (1897) 352; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225; --Mimosa saman Jacq., Fragm. Bot. (1800) 15. Native of N tropical South America, now naturalized pantropically. Introduced to the Philippines c. 1860, now widely planted as a shade tree. In many places spontaneous. Rain-tree; akasya. Photos
  10. Albizia saponaria (Lour.) Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1855) 19; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 32; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 82; --Mimosa saponaria Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 653. Photos
  11. Albizia splendens Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2 (1861) 280.

Ined. names:

  1. Albizia butarek Co & LaFrankie. LUZON: Isabela prov., Palanan Forest Dynamics Plot. Allied to Albizia kostermansii from Borneo, differing mainly in having a ferruginous inflorescence axis. Photos

Archidendron F.Muell.

Photos
  1. Archidendron apoense (Elmer) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 46; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 95; --Zygia apoensis (Elmer) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 31; --Pithecellobium apoense Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 694; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Humid montane forest, 1100-1350m.
  2. Archidendron clypearia (Jack) Nielsen, Adansonia ser. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 15; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 97; --Abarema clypearia (Jack) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 42; --Inga clypearia Jack, Malayan Misc. ii. VII. (1822) 78. --Aberema angulata (Benth.) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 47; --Albizia angulata (Benth.) Kurz, Rep. Pegu, App. B (1875) 47; --Pithecellobium angulatum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 208; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242.
  3. Archidendron ellipticum (Blume) Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 21; Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 68; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 100; --Abarema elliptica (Blume) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 53; --Pithecellobium ellipticum (Blume) Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Inga elliptica Blume, Cat. (1823) 88. Photos
  4. Archidendron fagifolium (Blume ex Miq.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 38; --Pithecellobium fagifolium Miq., Fl. Bat. i. I. 35.
  5. Archidendron falcatum Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 104. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, TICAO, GUIMARAS. Level land at low elevation. Fl. Jun-Jul, Oct, fr. Jan, May-Jun.
  6. Archidendron merrillii (MacBr.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 48; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 108; --Pithecellobium merrillii MacBr., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Bot. 11 (1931) 26; --Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 1779 (L, NY, SING, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., railroad grade W of Baguio, in ravines along small streams, c. 1300m, May-1914. --Abarema multiflora (Merr.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 62, comb. inval.?; --Pithecellobium multiflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 11, nom. illeg., auct. non (Kunth) Benth.; EPFP 2 (1923) 243, pro parte (BS 31142). Philippines, ?Borneo (Sabah). LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO, PANAY. Forest, 800-1300m.
  7. Archidendron pauciflorum (Benth.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 41; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 112; --Abarema pauciflora (Benth.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 60; --Pithecellobium pauciflorum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 212; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244.
  8. Archidendron scutiferum (Blanco) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 43; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 113; --Pithecellobium scutiferum (Blanco) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244; --Mimosa scutifera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 735; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 507; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 138. LUZON to MINDANAO (widespread). Primary and secondary forests, 0-900m. Common. Photos

Calliandra Benth. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 July 2017

Photos

  1. Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn., Linnaea 21 (1848) 251; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Central America and Mexico. Cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized? Photos
  2. Calliandra haematocephala Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 216; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 555; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Tropical South America. Widely cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized? Photos


Entada Adans.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Entada parvifolia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 229; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; EPFP 2 (1923) 252, pro parte; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179. --Entada philippinensis Gagnep., Not. Syst. 2 (1911) 58. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Zambales, Bataan, GOLO, BUSUANGA, CUYO. Lowland thickets. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Dec. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 86; EPFP 2 (1923) 252; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179; --Lens phaseoloides L. in Stickm., Herb. Amboin. (1754) 18. S China, N Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Wetar; Flores), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Ternate; Ambon; Tanimbar Isls), New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Pacific area. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  3. Entada rheedii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2 (1825) 325; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 180. Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, Australia and a small part of the Pacific; in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, Alor), Moluccas (Wetar), New Guinea. LUZON, MINDANAO. Primary and secondary forest, especially along rivers, behind mangroves and beach forests, lowlands to medium elevation. Closely related to Entada phaseoloides and mixed up with that species by Merrill. Distinct by 3 or 4 (or 5) pairs of leaflets per pinna, a woody tough endocarp and slightly less asymmetric terminal leaflets. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Enterolobium Mart. [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2017

Photos
  1. Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. West Indies (1860) 226; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 213; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255; --Mimosa cyclocarpa Jacq., Fragm. Bot. (1800) 30. C and N tropical South America. Widely cultivated in all tropics. Earpod. Photos

Falcataria (I.C.Nielsen) Barneby & J.W.Grimes [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2017

Photos
  1. Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & J.W.Grimes, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74 (1996) 255; --Albizia moluccana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1855) 26. --Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) I.C.Nielsen, Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 4, 5, sect. B; Adansonia no. 3 & (1983) 327; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 151; --Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosb., Reinwardtia 7 (1965) 88; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 187; --Adenanthera falcataria L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1 (1762) 550. Moluccas, New Guinea. Introduced and naturalized in the Philippines. Photos

Inga Mill. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 July 2014

Photos
  1. Inga edulis Mart., Flora 20 (2, Beibl.) (1837) 113. Photos
  2. Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1018; --Mimosa laurina Sw., Prodr. (1788) 85.
  3. Inga spectabilis (Vahl) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1017; --Mimosa spectabilis Vahl in Skrift. Nat. Selsk. Kjoeb. ii. (1792) I. 219.

Leucaena Benth. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2017

Photos
  1. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit, Taxon 10 (1961) 53; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 560; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 182; --Mimosa leucocephala Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 1 (1783) 12; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 256. --Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth. in Hook., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 416; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Mimosa glauca auct. non L. (1753); --Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2 (1763) 1504. Native of tropical America; introduced and naturalizad in most tropical areas of the World. Throughout the Philippines. Ipil-ipil. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos

Mimosa L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 July 2017

Photos
  1. Mimosa diplotricha C.Wight ex Sauvalle, Anal. Real Acad. ci. Habana 5 (1868) 405; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 184. --Mimosa invisa auct. non Mart. ex Colla; --Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 436.
  2. Mimosa pudica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 518; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. Photos
  3. Mimosa quadrivalvis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 522; --Schrankia quadrivalvis (L.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 30; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Hopkins, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 205. Introduced from Mexico. LUZON (Batangas), MINDANAO (Misamis). In open grassland and waste places. “Apparently introduced to the Philippines by the Spanish from Mexico (Merrill 1910, 1918). I have seen only the specimens cited by Merrill (1923) and doubt that the species ever established in Malesia, though it has shown some persistence at Bauan, Batangas prov., LUZON, where it was recollected in 1915 by Merrill, the first collection from that place being that of Blanco before 1837 (Merrill 1918)” (Hopkins 1992). Photos

Neptunia Lour.

Photos
  1. Neptunia gracilis Benth., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 355; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 414; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 188. --Neptunia depauperata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 251.
  2. Neptunia oleracea Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 654; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 401; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 189. Mexico to northern S America, Brazil (Bahia), Africa (Sudan, Angola and Zimbabwe), Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan), S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Buru). MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur (Bunawan). Shallow lakes and swamps at low elevation.

Paraserianthes I.C.Nielsen = Falcataria

Parkia R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Parkia speciosa Hassk., Flora 25 (1842) 55, 105; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 198. --Parkia harbesonii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1804; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 253. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN: Taytay; Lake Manguao; Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar = Thumb Peak; Mt Beaufort; Mt Iraan; Irawan, Impapan), Aborlan (Sagpangan). Lowland forests, 0-150m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Parkia sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat., Suppl. 1, Sumatra (1861) 284; --Hopkins, Blumea 37 (1992) 77; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 199.
  3. Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 201; --Inga timoriana DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 442. --Parkia roxburghii G.Don, Gen. Syst. 2 (1832) 397; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 564. --Parkia javanica auct. non (Lam.) Merr.; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Corner, Wayside Trees 1 (1940) 415; Wayside Trees ed. 3 (1988) 458; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1972) 281; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 191. NE India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (W Sumbawa; Timor), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (W Irian). LUZON: La Union to Laguna, PALAWAN. Low and medium elevation forest, especially in the more seasonal parts of W Philippines. Briefly deciduous. Photos

Insufficiently known:

  1. Parkia sherfeseei Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 9; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 204; --Type: FB 21962 Sherfesee, Cenabre & Ponce (US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, May-1914. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Tidal streams and Nipa swamp at sea-level. “Described from incomplete material, but some collections cited by Merrill (1923) have not been traced. The leaves resemble Parkia sumatrana, but the habitat suggests a different ecology. Pods are needed to assess whether it is morphologically distinct or not” (Hopkins 1992).

Pithecellobium Mart.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 199; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225; EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 155; --Mimosa dulcis Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1(4) (1798) 67. Native of Mexico, now cultivated and naturalized in most of the tropics. Throughout the Philippines in the lowlands to medium elevation, particularly common in the more seasonal regions. Wastelands, dry river beds, brushwoods, etc. Photos
  2. Pithecellobium platycarpum Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 244. “Topotypic material needed from Twin Peaks, prov. of Benguet, Luzon before the identity of this taxon can be known” (Nielsen 1992).

Prosopis L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 447; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 215; --Mimosa juliflora Sw., Prodr. (1788) 85. --Prosopis vidaliana Naves, Ephem. “Oriente” (1877) fide Fern.-Vill.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. SW United States to Central and South America. Widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics. Widespread and thoroughly naturalized in the Philippines, often forming dense thornbushes behind the beach. Photos

Samanea (Benth.) Merr. = Albizia

Schleinitzia Warb.

No Photos
  1. Schleinitzia megaladenia (Merr.) Guinet & Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 20 (2) (1980) 166; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 191; --Albizia megaladenia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: BS 29023 Ramos & Edaño (US, holo; NY, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Umiray, in forest along the Umiray River, Jun-1917. LUZON: Quezon (Umiray). Lowland damp forest along rivers.

Schrankia Willd. = Mimosa

Senegalia Raf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Senegalia merrillii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia merrillii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 9; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 51; --Type: PNH 18680 Conklin (P, holo; A, L, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Yagaw, SE slopes, 330m, 27-Jul-1953. --Acacia philippinarum auct. non Benth.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte (BS 1431, 4578, 26291; Elmer 18159, FB 5267; Merrill 2812, 3796; Williams 478). --Acacia caesia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 6; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29. --Acacia intsia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 74; --S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) t. 45; Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 111; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 120; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 62. --Acacia concinna auct. non DC.; --Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 374. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls, Halmahera). MINDORO. Hill forest, lowland rainforests, secondary forest; at riverbanks, in clearings and cultivated areas; also on limestone, up to 330m. Fl. mainly Jun-Sep; fr. Nov-Jan(-May).
  2. Senegalia palawanensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia palawanensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 16; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 52; --Type: PNH 12528 MD Sulit (L, holo; A, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Aborlan, Mt Iraan, SE slopes, vicinity of Ibato River, forest edge, 100m, 5-Jun-1950. --Acacia pennata var. arrophula auct. non (D.Don) Baker; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29; EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Endemic to Philippines. PALAWAN. Forest along rivers, forest margins, c. 100m. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Apr.
  3. Senegalia pluricapitata (Steud. ex Benth.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia pluricapitata Steud. ex Benth., Nomencl. ed. 2, 1 (1840) 7; --Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 531; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 53; --Type: G. Porter in Wallich Cat. no. 5255A (K-WALL, holo). --Acacia pennata var. arrophula (D.Don) Baker in Hook.f, Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1878) 298; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Myanmar, Thailand, S Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, SAMAR. In forest. Fl. fr. throughout the year.
  4. Senegalia pluriglandulosa (Verdc.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia pluriglandulosa Verdc., Kew Bull. 32 (1978) 472; --Type: from New Guinea. New Guinea, Philippines.
  5. Senegalia rugata (Lam.) Britton & Rose, North American Flora. Mimosaceae 23 (1928) 120; --Mimosa rugata Lam., Encycl. 1(1) )1783) 20; --Type: from India. --Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 464; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 48; --Mimosa concinna Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1039; --Type: from Ind. Or. --Acacia philippinarum Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 514; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte. --Acacia quisumbingii Merr., PJS 82 (1953) 316; --Type: PNH 6572 Quisumbing (L, iso), Luzon: Batangas prov., Calatagan, 16-Jan-1949. --Acacia pennata auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29, pro parte; EPFP 2 (1923) 249. --Mimosa tenuifolia auct. non L.; --Blanco. Tropical Asia. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Flores, Banda), Moluccas (Ambon, Kai Isls), Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Benguet, Batangas. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  6. Senegalia sulitii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Acacia sulitii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 55; --Type: PNH 8082 MD Sulit (L, holo), Samar: Western Samar prov., Wright, Loquilocon, Apr/May-1948. Philippines, ?Sulawesi (endemic to the Philippines according to Maslin 2015). Forests, thickets, roadsides, creek banks, sea-level to 550m. Fl. May-Aug.
  7. Senegalia tawitawiensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Acacia tawitawiensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 22; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 56; --Type: BS 44167 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; SING, iso), Tawi-tawi, Jul/Aug-1924. Endemic to the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI.

Non-naturalized cultivated species:

  1. Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb., Mabberley's Pl.-Book (2008) 1021; --Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1079; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 206; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 247; --Mimosa catechu L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 439. Native in Pakistan to Myanmar. Introduced in Philippines.

Serialbizzia Kosterm. = Albizia

Serianthes Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Serianthes grandiflora Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 241; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 160. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (West Irian), and Manus Is. PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Beach forests and behind mangroves. Photos

Vachellia Wight & Arn. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 June 2015

Photos
  1. Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1 (1834) 272; --Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 1083; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 249; --Pedley, Austrobaileya 1 (1979) 102; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 44; --Mimosa farnesiana L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 521; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. 1 (1837) 729. Pantropical, probably originating in the N part of tropical America, where the closest related species are found; now introduced to all tropical and subtropical regions. Introduced to the Philippines from Mexico. Naturalized, scattered in open grasslands, thickets, waste grounds, etc., sea-level to 400m. Especially common in regions with long dry season. Fl. throughout the year. Photos

Wallaceodendron Koord.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Wallaceodendron celebicum Koord., Meded. Lands Plantent. 19 (1898) 446; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 164. --Pithecellobium williamsii Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 223; --Type: Elmer 8833 (L, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, on a ridge of the Sablan canyon, Mar-1907. N Sulawesi, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, BURIAS, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, SAMAR. Lowland forests, especially near the seashore, but also inland to a considerable elevation, 0-850m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Zapoteca H.M.Hern. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 July 2017

No Photos

  1. Zapoteca portoricensis (Jacq.) H.M.Hern., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73(4) (1987) 758; --Calliandra portoricensis (Jacq.) Benth., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 99; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 554; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255; --Mimosa portoricensis Jacq., Collectanea 4 (1791) 143. Central America, Caribbean and tropical South America. Cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized?


Acknowledgements

Liezel Molina-Magtoto and Greg Rule kindly provided some of the photographs on this webpage. Bruce Maslin provided taxonomic advice for the treatment of Senegalia.


Literature

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

De La Estrella, M, GM Calabrese, B Cámara, M Velayos. 2007. Leguminosae of Philippines in the Vidal herbarium at Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. Nordic Journal of Botany 25: 41-52.

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Maslin, BR. 2015. Synoptic overview of Acacia sensu lato (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in East and Southeast Asia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67: 231-250.

Maslin, BR, DS Seigler & J Ebinger. 2013. New combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for Southeast Asia and China. Blumea 58: 39-44.

Nielsen, I. 1985. The Malesian species of Acacia and Albizia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). Opera Botanica 81: 5-52.

Nielsen, IC. 1992. Mimosaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 11: 1-126.


Windler, DR. 1966. A revision of the genus Neptunia (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 14: 379-420.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 3 November 2017