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Fabaceae 

= Leguminosae

Subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia Mill.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 June 2015

Photos
  1. Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. ex Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 377; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 58; --Racosperma auriculiformis (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 247. Australia, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea. Introduced elsewhere inn SE Asia, including the Philippines where it is also now thoroughly naturalized. Photos
  2. Acacia confusa Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 27; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 61; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Racosperma confusum (Merr.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 215; --Type: Merrill 2114 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Subig [=Subic] and vicinity, Apr 1903. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. On slopes and dry forest at low elevation. Very local. Planted in other parts of the Philippines. Photos
  3. Acacia mangium Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1053; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 59; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Racosperma mangium (Willd.) Pedley, Austrobaileya 2 (4) (1987) 152. E Australia (N of 18°S but absent from C York Peninsula), S New Guinea, Aru Isls, S Moluccas (Ambon; Buru; Seram), Sula Isls; introduced and naturalized in the Philippines as a reforestation crop. Photos

Adenanthera L.

Photos
  1. Adenanthera intermedia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 228; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Nielsen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 102, Fig. 10; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 169. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Lowland primary forests, ascending to 700m. Fl. & fr. probably throughout the year. Photos

Albizia Durazz.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 March 2012

With additions by James V. LaFrankie, 26 June 2012

Photos
  1. Albizia acle (Blanco) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 46, t. 27; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 71; --Pithecellobium acle (Blanco) Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 121; --Serialbizzia acle (Blanco) Kosterm., Bull. Org. Sci. Res. Indonesia No. 20 (1954) 16; --Mimosa acle Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 738; idem. ed. 2 (1845) 509; idem. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 140. Philippines, SE Sulawesi. N LUZON to PALAWAN and NEGROS. Lowland forests, humid forests, altitude 0-150m. Fl. Mar, Apr; fr. Sept; Oct; Jan; Feb.
  2. Albizia corniculata (Lour.) Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4 (1917) 603; --Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 140; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 45, Fig. 26; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 73; --Mimosa corniculata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 651; --Type from S China. --Albizia scandens Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 265; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 21; ibid. 11 c (1916) Bot. 87; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 185. S China (Guangdong), Indochina, Thailand, Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah), Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests.
  3. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 87; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 75. Probably native of E Africa and mainland Asia; cultivated and naturalized throughout Malesia including the Philippines.
  4. Albizia lebbekoides (DC) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 38, Fig. 20; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 76, Fig. 11 (map). Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi (Sumbawa; Kisar; Sumba; Komodo; Flores, Bali; Timor), Philippines, Sulawesi, and New Guinea. LUZON to MINDANAO. In dry thickets and secondary forests at low and medium altitudes. Fl. Mar-Jun, Sept; fr. Oct-Dec, Mar, May. Photos
  5. Albizia pedicellata Baker ex Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 563; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 44, Fig. 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 78. --Albizia magallanensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 693; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: Elmer 12089. --Albizia myriantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 8. Sumatra, Bangka, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Lowland forests.
  6. Albizia philippinensis Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 42, Fig. 19, 22: 1-6; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79. --Albizia marginata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 23, in synonymy of Albizia chinensis sensu Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246. --Albizia julibrissin Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 5; in synonymy of Albizia chinensis sensu Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO. Hill forest, altitude 250 (-?) m. Fl. Aug, Sept; fr. Apr, Jun. 
  7. Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30, Fig. 12; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79; --Mimosa procera Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2 (1799) 12, t. 121. India, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Hainan, Taiwan, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Kai Isls, Tanimbar, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland). LUZON: Cagayan to Batangas, MINDORO, BUSUANGA. Second-growth forests, thickets, parang vegetation at low and medium altitudes in regions subject to a long dry season. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Photos
  8. Albizia retusa Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30, Fig. 12; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 80. Photos
  9. Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.; --Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6 (1916) 47; EPFP 2 (1923) 242; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 156; --Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 662 (1897) 352; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225. Native of N tropical South America, now naturalized pantropically. Introduced to the Philippines c. 1860, now widely planted as a shade tree. In many places spontaneous. Rain-tree; akasya. Photos
  10. Albizia saponaria (Lour.) Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1855) 19; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 32, Fig. 15; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 82; --Mimosa saponaria Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 653.
  11. Albizia splendens Miq.

Ined. names

  1. Albizia butarek Co & LaFrankie. LUZON: Isabela prov., Palanan Forest Dynamics Plot. Allied to A. kostermansii from Borneo, differing mainly in having a ferruginous inflorescence axis. Photos

Archidendron F.Muell.

Photos
  1. Archidendron apoense (Elmer) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 46, Fig. 18; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 95; --Zygia apoensis (Elmer) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 31; --Pithecellobium apoense Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 694; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Humid montane forest, altitude 1100-1350m.
  2. Archidendron clypearia (Jack) Nielsen, Adansonia ser. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 15; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 97; --Abarema clypearia (Jack) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 42, pro parte. --Aberema angulata (Benth.) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 47, Fig. 29, 30; --Albizia angulata (Benth.) Kurz, Rep. Pegu, App. B (1875) 47; --Pithecellobium angulatum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 208; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242.
  3. Archidendron ellipticum (Blume) Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 21; Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 68, Fig. 38, 39; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 100, Fig. 13 A-C; --Abarema elliptica (Blume) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 53; --Pithecellobium ellipticum (Blume) Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Inga elliptica Blume, Cat. (1823) 88. Photos
  4. Archidendron fagifolium (Blume ex Miq.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 38.
  5. Archidendron falcatum Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 104. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, TICAO, GUIMARAS. Level land at low altitudes. Fl. Jun, Jul, Oct, fr. Jan, May, Jun.
  6. Archidendron merrillii (MacBr.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 48, Fig. 18; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 108; --Pithecellobium merrillii MacBr., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Bot. 11 (1931) 26; --Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 1779 (L, NY, SING, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., railroad grade W of Baguio, in ravines along small streams, altitude c. 1300m, May 1914. --Abarema multiflora (Merr. non Benth.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 62, comb. inval.; --Pithecellobium multiflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 11, non Benth. (1875); EPFP 2 (1923) 243, pro parte, quoad BS 31142. Philippines, (?) Borneo (Sabah). LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO, PANAY. Forest, altitude 800-1300m.
  7. Archidendron pauciflorum (Benth.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 41; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 112; --Abarema pauciflora (Benth.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 60, Fig. 43; --Pithecellobium pauciflorum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 212; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244.
  8. Archidendron scutiferum (Blanco) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 43; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 113; --Pithecellobium scutiferum (Blanco) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244; --Mimosa scutifera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 735, pro parte; ed. 2 (1845) 507; ed. 3, 3 (1879) 138, t. 438. LUZON to MINDANAO (widespread). Primary and secondary forests, 0-900m. Common. Photos

Calliandra Benth.

[Not native]

Photos

  1. Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn., Linnaea 21 (1848) 251; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Central America and Mexico. Cultivated as an ornamental. Photos
  2. Calliandra haematocephala Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 216; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 555; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Tropical South America. Widely cultivated as an ornamental. Photos
  3. Calliandra portoricensis (Jacq.) Benth., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 99; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 554; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Central America, Caribbean and tropical South America. Cultivated as an ornamental.


Entada Adans.

Photos
  1. Entada parvifolia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 229; ibid. 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; EPFP 2 (1923) 252, pro parte; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179, Fig. 31 (Map). --Entada philippinensis Gagnep., Not. Syst. 2 (1911) 58. LUZON: La Union, Zambales, Bataan, GOLO, BUSUANGA, CUYO. Lowland thickets. Fl. Jul-Sept, fr. Dec.
  2. Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 86; EPFP 2 (1923) 252; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179, Fig. 31 (Map); --Lens phaseoloides L. in Stickm., Herb. Amboin. (1754) 18. S China, N Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Wetar; Flores), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Ternate; Ambon; Tanimbar Isls), New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Pacific area.
  3. Entada rheedii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2 (1825) 325; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 180. Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, Australia and a small part of the Pacific; in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, Alor), Moluccas (Wetar), New Guinea. LUZON, MINDANAO. Primary and secondary forest, especially along rivers, behind mangroves and beach forests, lowlands to medium altitudes. Closely related to E. phaseoloides and mixed up with that species by Merrill. Distinct by 3 or 4 (or 5) pairs of leaflets per pinna, a woody tough endocarp and slightly less asymmetric terminal leaflets. Photos

Enterolobium Mart.

[Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. West Indies (1860) 226; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 213; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. C and N tropical South America. Widely cultivated in all tropics. Earpod.
  2. Photos

Inga Mill.

[Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 July 2014

Photos
  1. Inga edulis Mart., Flora 20 (2, Beibl.) (1837) 113. Photos
  2. Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4 (1806) 1018; --Mimosa laurina Sw., Prodr. [O. P. Swartz] (1788) 85.
  3. Inga spectabilis (Vahl) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4 (1806) 1017; --Mimosa spectabilis Vahl in Skrift. Nat. Selsk. Kjoeb. ii. (1792) I. 219.

Leucaena Benth.

Photos
  1. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit, Taxon 10 (1961) 53; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 560; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 182; --Mimosa leucocephala Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 1 (1783) 12; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 256. --Leucaena latisiliqua (L.) Gillis, Taxon 23 (1974) 190. --Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth. in Hook., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 416; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Mimosa glauca L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2 (1763) 1504, non 1753. Native of tropical America; introduced and naturalizad in most tropical areas of the World. Throughout the Philippines. Ipil-ipil. Photos

Mimosa L.

Photos
  1. Mimosa diplotricha C. Wight ex Sauvalle, Anal. Real Acad. ci. Habana 5 (1868) 405; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 184. --Mimosa invisa auct. non Mart. ex Colla; Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 436.
  2. Mimosa pudica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 518; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. Photos

Neptunia Lour.

Photos
  1. Neptunia gracilis Benth., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 355; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 414, Fig. 18; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 188. --Neptunia depauperata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 251.
  2. Neptunia oleracea Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 654; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 401, Fig. 10 and 12; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 189. Mexico to northern S America, Brazil (Bahia), Africa (Sudan, Angola and Zimbabwe), Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam, Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan), S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Buru). MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur (Bunawan). Shallow lakes and swamps at low altitudes.

Paraserianthes I.C.Nielsen

Photos
  1. Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) I.C.Nielsen, Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 4, 5, sect. B; Adansonia no. 3 & (1983) 327, 357, p. 9, 10; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 151, Fig. 23 (Map); --Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosb., Reinwardtia 7 (1965) 88; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 187, Fig. 41, pl. 12.

Parkia R.Br.

Photos
  1. Parkia speciosa Hassk., Flora 25 (1842) 55, 105; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 198, Fig. 35C. --Stryphnodendron harbersonii (Elmer); --Parkia harbesonii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1804; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 253. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN: Taytay; Lake Manguao; Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar =Thumb Peak; Mt Beaufort; Mt Iraan; Irawan, Impapan), Aborlan (Sagpangan). Lowland forests, 0-150m. Photos
  2. Parkia sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat., Suppl. 1, Sumatra (1861) 284; --Hopkins, Blumea 37 (1992) 77; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 199, Fig. 36 (Map).
  3. Parkia timoriana (DC) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 201, Fig. 36 (Map), 35B, 37; --Inga timoriana DC, Prodr. 2 (1825) 442. --Parkia roxburghii G Don, Gen. Syst. 2 (1832) 397; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 564. --Parkia javanica auct. vix (Lam.) Merr.: Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Corner, Wayside Trees 1 (1940) 415; ibid. ed. 3 (1988) 458; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1972) 281, Fig. 13; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 191, Fig. 42. NE India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (W Sumbawa; Timor), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (W Irian). LUZON: La Union to Laguna, PALAWAN. Low and medium altitude forest, especially in the more seasonal parts of W Philippines. Briefly deciduous. Photos

Insufficiently known:

  1. Parkia sherfeseei Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 9; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 204, Fig. 35 E; --Type: FB 21962 Sherfesee, Cenabre & Ponce (US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, May 1914. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Tidal streams and Nipa swamp at sea-level. “Described from incomplete material, but some collections cited by Merrill (1923) have not been traced. The leaves resemble P. sumatrana, but the habitat suggests a different ecology. Pods are needed to assess whether it is morphologically distinct or not”. –Hopkins, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 204.

Pithecellobium Mart.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 December 2016

Photos
  1. Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 199; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225; EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 155. Native of Mexico, now cultivated and naturalizad in most of the tropics. Throughout the Philippines in the lowlands to medium altitudes, particularly common in the more seasonal regions. Wastelands, dry river beds, brushwoods, etc. Photos
  2. Pithecellobium platycarpum Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 244. “Topotypic material needed from Twin Peaks, prov. of Benguet, Luzon before the identity of this taxon can be known.” –Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 155.

Prosopis L.

Photos
  1. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC, Prodr. 2 (1825) 447; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 215. --Prosopis vidaliana Naves, Ephem. “Oriente” (1877) fide Fernandez-Villar; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. SW United States to Central and South America. Widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics. Widespread and thoroughly naturalized in the Philippines, often forming dense thornbushes behind the beach. Photos

Samanea (Benth.) Merr. = Albizia

Schleinitzia Warb.

No Photos
  1. Schleinitzia megaladenia (Merr.) Guinet & Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 20 (2) (1980) 166; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 191; --Albizia megaladenia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: BS 29023 Ramos & Edaño (US, holo; iso NY), Luzon: Quezon prov., Umiray, in forest along the Umiray River, Jun 1917. LUZON: Quezon (Umiray). Lowland damp forest along rivers.

Schrankia Willd.

Photos
  1. Schrankia quadrivalvis (L.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 30; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Hopkins, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 205. Introduced from Mexico. LUZON (Batangas), MINDANAO (Misamis). In open grassland and waste places.
“Apparently introduced to the Philippines by the Spanish from Mexico (Merrill 1910, 1918). I have seen only the specimens cited by Merrill (1923) and doubt that the species ever established in Malesia, though it has shown some persistence at Bauan, Batangas prov., LUZON, where it was recollected in 1915 by Merrill, the first collection from that place being that of Blanco before 1837 (Merrill, 1918)” –Hopkins, loc. cit.

Senegalia Raf.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2013

Photos
  1. Senegalia merrillii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia merrillii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 9, Fig. 2-3; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 51; --Type: PNH 18680 Conklin (P, holo; A, L, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Yagaw, SE slopes, altitude 330m, 27 Jul 1953. --Acacia philippinarum auct. non Benth. (1842); --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte, quoad BS 1431, 4578, 26291; Elmer 18159, FB 5267; Merrill 2812, 3796; Williams 478. --Acacia caesia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 6; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29, non Willd., quoad BS 1431, 4578, 26291; FB 3255, 5267; Merrill 2812, 3796; Williams 478. --Acacia intsia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 74; --Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) t. 45, Fig. D; Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 111; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 120; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 62. --Acacia concinna auct. non DC; Fern.-Villar in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83), t. 374. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls, Halmahera). MINDORO. Hill forest, lowland rainforests, secondary forest; at riverbanks, in clearings and cultivated areas; also on limestone, altitude up to 330m. Fl. mainly Jun-Sept; fr. Nov-Jan (-May).
  2. Senegalia palawanensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia palawanensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 16, Fig. 14; 6: 7-11; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 52; --Type: PNH 12528 MD Sulit (L, holo; A, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Aborlan, Mt Iraan, SE slopes, vicinity of Ibato River, forest edge, altitude 100m, 5 Jun 1950. --Acacia pennata var. arrophula auct. non (D Don) Baker (1878); --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29; EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Endemic to Philippines. PALAWAN. Forest along rivers, forest margins, altitude c. 100m. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Apr.
  3. Senegalia pluricapitata (Steud. ex Benth.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia pluricapitata Steud. ex Benth., Nomencl. ed. 2, 1 (1840) 7; --Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 531; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 53; --Type: G. Porter in Wallich Cat. no. 5255A (holo K-WALL). --Acacia pennata var. arrophula (D. Don) Baker in Hook.f, Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1878) 298; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Myanmar, Thailand, S Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, SAMAR. In forest. Fl. fr. throughout the year.
  4. Senegalia pluriglandulosa (Verdc.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia pluriglandulosa Verdc., Kew Bull. 32 (1978) 472; --Type from New Guinea. New Guinea, Philippines.
  5. Senegalia rugata (Lam.) Britton & Rose, North American Flora. Mimosaceae 23 (1928) 120; --Type from India. --Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC, Prodr. 2 (1825) 464; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 48; --Mimosa concinna Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1039; --Type from Ind. Or. --Acacia philippinarum Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 514; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte. --Acacia quisumbingii Merr., PJS 82 (1953) 316; --Type: PNH 6572 Quisumbing (L, iso), Luzon: Batangas prov., Calatagan, 16 Jan. 1949. --Acacia pennata auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29, pro parte; EPFP 2 (1923) 249, quoad syn. --Mimosa tenuifolia Blanco, non L. Tropical Asia. In Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Flores, Banda), Moluccas (Ambon, Kai Isls), Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Benguet, Batangas. Low and medium altitude thickets.
  6. Senegalia sulitii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Acacia sulitii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 24, Fig. 8; 10: 6-10; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 55; --Type: PNH 8082 MD Sulit (L, holo), Samar: Western Samar prov., Wright, Loquilocon, Apr-May 1948. Philippines, Sulawesi? (endemic to the Philippines according to Maslin 2015). Forests, thickets, roadsides, creek banks, sea-level to 550m. Fl. May-Aug.
  7. Senegalia tawitawiensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Acacia tawitawiensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 22, Fig. 8; 10: 1-5; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 56; --Type: BS 44167 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; SING, iso), Tawi-tawi, Jul-Aug 1924. Endemic to the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Habitat not known.

Non-naturalized cultivated species:

  1. Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb., Mabberley's Pl.-Book (2008) 1021; --Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1079; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 206; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 247. Native in Pakistan to Myanmar. Introduced in Philippines.

Serialbizzia Kosterm. = Albizia

Serianthes Benth.

Photos
  1. Serianthes grandiflora (L.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 241; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 160, Fig. 25. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (West Irian), and Manus Is. PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Beach forests and behind mangroves. Photos

Vachellia Wight & Arn.

[Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 June 2015

Photos
  1. Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1 (1834) 272; --Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 1083; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 249; --Pedley, Austrobaileya 1 (1979) 102, Fig. 308; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 44; --Mimosa farnesiana L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 521; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. 1 (1837) 729. Pantropical, probably originating in the N part of tropical America, where the closest related species are found; now introduced to all tropical and subtropical regions. Introduced to the Philippines from Mexico. Naturalized, scattered in open grasslands, thickets, waste grounds, etc., sea-level to 400m. Especially common in regions with long dry season. Fl. throughout the year. Photos

Wallaceodendron Koord.

Photos
  1. Wallaceodendron celebicum Koord., Meded. Lands Plantent. 19 (1898) 446; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 164, Fig. 26-27; 28 (Map). Pithecellobium williamsii Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 223; --Type: Elmer 8833 (L, NY, iso). Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, ‘on a ridge of the Sablan canyon…’, Mar 1907. N Sulawesi and the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, BURIAS, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, SAMAR. Lowland forests, especially near the seashore, but also inland to a considerable altitude, 0-850m. Photos

Acknowledgements

Liezel Molina-Magtoto and Greg Rule kindly provided some of the photographs on this webpage. Bruce Maslin provided taxonomic advice for the treatment of Senegalia.


Literature

De La Estrella, M, GM Calabrese, B Cámara, M Velayos. 2007. Leguminosae of Philippines in the Vidal herbarium at Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. Nordic Journal of Botany 25: 41-52.

Maslin, BR. 2015. Synoptic overview of Acacia sensu lato (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in East and Southeast Asia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67: 231-250.

Maslin, BR, DS Seigler & J Ebinger. 2013. New combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for Southeast Asia and China. Blumea 58: 39-44.

Nielsen, I. 1985. The Malesian species of Acacia and Albizia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). Opera Botanica 81: 5-52.

Nielsen, IC. 1992. Mimosaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 11: 1-126.


Windler, DR. 1966. A revision of the genus Neptunia (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 14: 379-420.

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Last updated 25 March 2017