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Gesneriaceae

Aeschynanthus Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Aeschynanthus arctocalyx Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 52 (1995) 343. PALAWAN.
  2. Aeschynanthus asclepioides (Elmer) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 480; --Trichosporum asclepioides Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 952; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Type: Elmer 10492. --?Trichosporum brachysepalum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 449. --Aeschynanthus stenocalyx Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 166. --Trichosporum dolichosepalum Merr,, nom. nud. pro syn. EPFP 3 (1923) 449. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte. Damp primary forests, low elevation to 1200m. Photos
  3. Aeschynanthus batakiorum Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 56 (1999) 269. PALAWAN.
  4. Aeschynanthus breviflorus (S.Moore) K.Schum., Just. Bot. Jahresb. 271 (1901) 534; --Trichosporum breviflorum S.Moore, J. Bot. 37 (1899) 173; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449. --Trichosporum mindorense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 83. MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE. Mossy forests, 1000-1500m.
  5. Aeschynanthus cardinalis (Copel. ex Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum cardinale Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Albay, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1400m.
  6. Aeschynanthus copelandii (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum copelandii Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Boulders and tree trunks in low elevation primary forests.
  7. Aeschynanthus crassifolius (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum crassifolium Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 343; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450. --Trichosporum foxworthyi (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; --Aeschynanthus foxworthyi Kraenzl., PJS Bot. 8 (1913) 163. --Aeschynanthus glomeriflorus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 312. ("glomeriflora"). --Aeschynanthus polillensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, NEGROS(?). Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  8. Aeschynanthus cuernosensis (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum cuernosense Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 566; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: Elmer 9522. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  9. Aeschynanthus curvicalyx Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 435, Fig. 1a-e; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25434 (PNH, holo; E, iso), grown from seeds cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981826, Palawan: on path from Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, just above bamboo thicket, epiphyte closely appressed to tree trunk, 1500m, 22-Jan-1998. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Cleopatra’s Needle. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  10. Aeschynanthus elmeri Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439; --Trichosporum grandiflorum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667, non D.Don (1822); --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: Elmer 14154. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Exposed peaks, c. 1500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Aeschynanthus everettianus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; --Trichosporum everettianum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: FB 5585 Everett. NEGROS, PANAY. Forests along streams at low elevation.
  12. Aeschynanthus firmus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; --Trichosporum firmum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: MS Clemens s.n. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Forests at or above 500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  13. Aeschynanthus irigaensis (Merr.) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; --Trichosporum irigaense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --Trichosporum bulusanense Elmer ex Merr., nom nud. pro syn., EPFP 3 (1923) 451. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Mt Iriga), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Forested ridges and peaks, 1000m or higher.
  14. Aeschynanthus leucothamnos Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; --Trichosporum leucothamnos (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --Trichosporum clementis Merr. ex Elmer, nom. nud. LPB 2 (1908) 567. LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao del Sur. Low to medium elevation primary forests.
  15. Aeschynanthus littoralis Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum littorale Merr., LPB 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: Copeland 647. MINDANAO: Davao. On trees overhanging the seashore. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  16. Aeschynanthus loheri Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; --Trichosporum loheri (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --?Trichosporum bakeri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 449. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon. Camarines, SAMAR. Epiphyte in primary forests at medium elevation.
  17. Aeschynanthus macgregorii (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum macgregorii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Probably from forests at or above 800m.
  18. Aeschynanthus madulidii Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 436, Fig. 1f-i; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25512 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19980282, Palawan: Thumb Peak, on path from base camp to peak, 850m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Puerto Princesa, Thumb Peak. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  19. Aeschynanthus malindangensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum malindangense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 440; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: FB 4660 Mearns & Hutchinson. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Primary forests, c. 900m.
  20. Aeschynanthus mindanaensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum mindanaense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 440; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Mossy forest, 1100-1800m.
  21. Aeschynanthus miniaceus B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; --Trichosporum miniatum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2668; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451, non (Lindl.) Kuntze; --Type: Elmer 13529. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Forested ridges, c. 900m. According to Merrill (1923) very closely related to T. crassifolium (=Aeschynanthus crassifolius). Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  22. Aeschynanthus nervosus Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum nervosum LPB 1 (1908) 344; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp shaded ravines and in the mossy forest, 1400-2400m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  23. Aeschynanthus ovatus (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum ovatum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Clemens 316. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Forests, c. 600m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  24. Aeschynanthus panayensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum panayense Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 316; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: BS 35720 Martelino & Edaño. PANAY: Aklan (Mt Bulilao, Mt Salibongbong and Libacao). Forests along streams, ascending to 600m. 
  25. Aeschynanthus pergracilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; --Trichosporum pergracile (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Merrill 7047. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Canlaon Volcano). Primary forests, c. 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  26. Aeschynanthus philippinensis (Kuntze) C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 39; --Trichosporum philippinense Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1791) 478; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. LUZON: Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon. Mossy forests, 1000-2200m.
  27. Aeschynanthus rizalensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum rizalense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 82; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: BS 13775 Ramos. LUZON: Rizal. Mossy forests at or above 1000m.
  28. Aeschynanthus truncatus (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum truncatum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 567; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Elmer 9426. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental prov. (Cuernos Mtns). Forested ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  29. Aeschynanthus urdanetensis (Elmer) ined.; --Trichosporum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2670. --Trichosporum sorsogonense Elmer, nom. nud. pro syn., LPB 10 (1939) 3810.  As T urdanetense: MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Primary forests, c. 1200m. Close to T. copelandii. As T sorsogonense: LUZON: Sorsogon.
  30. Aeschynanthus zamboangensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; --Trichosporum zamboangense (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forests, c. 200m. According to Merrill(1923), closely allied to Trichosporum crassifolium Elmer (=Aeschynanthus crassifolius).

Agalmyla Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Agalmyla biflora (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 53, Fig. 10: 15a, b; --Dichrotrichum biflorum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1785; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453, descr. emend.; --Type: Elmer 13210 (lost?), Palawan: Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar), 3750ft,  May-1911; --Neotype: Mendum et al. 25435 (E), Palawan, near summit Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m, 10°07’N, 118°58’E, 22-Jan-1998. --Dichrotrichum pauciflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 80; --Type: Merrill 9497 (US, iso), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Mt Capoas, c. 950m, 21-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Mt Capoas; Tagimburg (possibly a misspelt locality); Thumb Peak; Mt Mantalingahan, 1000-1725m. Palawan. Tagimburg: Sandermann Olsen 1052 (C), 1000-1200m, 11-Sep-1961, Thumb peak: Mendum et al. 25517 (E), on path towards summit of 29-Jan-1998. Mt Mantalingahan: Edano PNH 53 (A), 5660ft, 13-May-1947; Edano PNH 285 (A), 5600ft, 13-May-1947. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Agalmyla bilirana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 122, Fig. 18: 54a, b; --Type: PNH 21614 Sulit (L, holo), Biliran: Mt Suiro, 5-May-1954. BILIRAN: Mt Suiro (N slope) and Naval, Libtong, 880-1030m. Possible variants in LEYTE. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Agalmyla calelanensis (Elmer) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 119, Fig. 18: 52a, b; --Dichrotrichum calelanense Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 955; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: Elmer 11347 (E, holo; GH, K, L, NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt. Apo, Lake Linao. Aug-1909, fl. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo), N Cotabato (Kidapawan Mun., Ilomavis, Mt Apo above Marber Hot Springs). In mossy forest, 1800–2600m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Agalmyla chorisepala (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 116, Fig. 1 & 18: 51a, b; --Dichrotrichum chorisepalum C.B.Clarke, in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 53; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453. --Type: Cuming 938 (K, lecto; L, isolecto), Luzon: Albay prov. --Dichrotrichum minus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314, non K.Schum. & Lauterb. (1906). LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Quezon (Lucban), Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog), Albay (Mt Malinao), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan); Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental (San Teodoro, Sibuang River; Mt Halcon; Mt Ilong), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Canlaon; Mt Malbug), Negros Oriental prov. (Cuernos de Negros area); Matangwa River, PANAY: Aklan (Mt Macosolon =Magosolon), MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphytic on tree trunks in forest, 550-1400m. Photos
  5. Agalmyla clarkei (Elmer) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; --Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 105, Fig. 17: 43a, b; --Tetradema clarkei (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Dichrotrichum clarkei Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345; --Type: Elmer 7499 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, epiphytic herb in woods, 1000m, May-1906. --Dichrotrichum praelongum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 170; --Type: Merrill 7518 (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Banahaw, Feb-1911. --Tetradema praelongum (Kraenzl.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7 (1920) 18. --Dichrotrichum crassicaule Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 169. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY(?), BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Photos
  6. Agalmyla glabra (Merr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 123, Fig. 18: 55a, b; --Dichrotrichum glabrum Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: Copeland 998 (K, lecto), Mindanao: Davao prov., Mt Apo, Apr-1904. --Dichrotrichum coriaceum Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 439; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: BS 38924 Ramos & Edaño (A, K, US, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mt Candoon, mossy forest, c. 1600m, 3-Jul-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad; Mt Candoon), Davao (Mt Apo; Mt McKinley), South Cotabato (Lake Parker). Montane forests, 1160-2000m. Some specimens from CAMIGUIN, BS 14483 Ramos, and Mt Matutum, viz. PPI 5190 Gaerlan et al. & PPI 5293 (PNH) and BS 85095 Ramos & Edaño (A) are probably referable to this species. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Agalmyla montis-tomasii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 111; --Type: Sands 3149 (K, holo; A, L, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, 16º20’N, 120º32’E, in ‘stunted ridge forest with Ericaceae and ?oak spp.’, 1800m, 18-Feb-1976, fl. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas). Stunted ridge forest, 1800m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Agalmyla parvilimba Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 115, Fig. 18: 50a, b; --Type: Mendum et al. 99202 (E, holo), Leyte: near Dagami, Mt Lobi, 11º02’N, 124º48’E, submontane forest, 800m, 7-Nov-1999, fl. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE: Mt Lobi, submontane forest, 800m. Only known from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Agalmyla persimilis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 120, Fig. 18: 53a, b; --Type: PNH 10767 Mendoza & Convocar (A, holo), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Hilong-hilong, steep slope in mossy forest, 1166 m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong; Mt Urdaneta), Diuata Mtns. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  10. Agalmyla rotundiloba Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 125; --Type: PNH 11551 Edaño (A, holo; L, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mt Kampalili, summit, 750m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili). Summit, 750m. Thus far known only from three collections from the type locality. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Agalmyla rubra (Merr.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; --Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 108, Fig. 17: 45a, b; --Tetradema rubrum (Merr.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 7 (1920) 17; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Trichosporum rubrum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; --Type: Merrill 4581 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Nov-1905. LUZON. Photos
  12. Agalmyla samarica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44 (1999) 388; Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 112, Fig. 17: 48a, b; --Type: PNH 117472 Gutierrez et al. (K, holo; L, iso), Samar: Eastern Samar prov., Wright municip., near summit of Mt Apoy, 11º24’N, 125º25’E, May-1969. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Eastern Samar (Mt Apoy), Mt Calbiga. In forest, 180-300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  13. Agalmyla sibuyanensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 110, Fig. 17: 46a, b; --Type: Argent & Reynoso 8986 (E, holo), Sibuyan: Camp 3 above Magdiwang on ridge leading to Mayo’s Peak, on steep slope in submontane forest, 1300m, 24-Aug-1989, fl. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Submontane forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  14. Agalmyla urdanetensis (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 113, Fig. 17: 49a, b; --Tetradema urdanetense (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Dichrotrichum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667; --Type: Elmer 13710, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Surigao del Norte (Mt Kabatuan). In mossy forest, 700-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Boea Comm. ex Lam. = Dorcoceras

Codonoboea Ridl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Codonoboea corrugata (Mendum) D.J.Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 389; --Henckelia corrugata Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439, Fig. 2A-F; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25558 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981788, Palawan: side of ravine above Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, 940m, 22-Jan-1998. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Cleopatra’s Needle. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Codonoboea woodii (Merr.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 393; --Henckelia woodii (Merr.) Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70 (“1997”, publ. 1998) 359; --Didymocarpus woodii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 489; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; --Type: Merrill 11587 (G, K, L, P, PNH, US, W), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, 8-Oct-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On cliffs in primary forest at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Cyrtandra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Cyrtandra aclada Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 443; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: BS 36616 Ramos & Edaño. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation forests.
  2. Cyrtandra aeruginosa Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 345, t. 16; --Type: BS 47320 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, possibly lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Mt Moises, on forested slopes, c. 1200m, 1-Mar-1926. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moisés). Forests, c. 1200m. Known only from the type collection.
  3. Cyrtandra agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2658; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: Elmer 13497. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao del Norte. Low elevation forests along streams, ascending to 225m.
  4. Cyrtandra alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: FB 25214 Alvarez. MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forests, c. 1000m.
  5. Cyrtandra antoniana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 561; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: Elmer 9642. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Mossy forests, c. 1800m. Photos
  6. Cyrtandra apoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 962; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 11557. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). On cliffs along small streams, 1700m and above.
  7. Cyrtandra atropurpurea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 19852 McGregor. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis). Probably from the mossy forest above 2000m.
  8. Cyrtandra attenuata Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 558; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 9623. --Cyrtandra stenophylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325. NEGROS, PANAY. On wet cliffs along streams, and in the mossy forests, 50-1200m. Closely allied to C. humilis.
  9. Cyrtandra auriculata C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 252; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Cuming 1328. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya. Primary forests along small streams.
  10. Cyrtandra barnesii Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: FB 920 Barnes (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Tonglon (=Mt Sto Tomas), very damp shaded ravines in the mossy forest, c. 2000m, May-1904. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp shaded ravines, c. 2000m.
  11. Cyrtandra bataanensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 20035 Topacio, Luzon: Bataan prov., in forests, c. 100m. LUZON: Bataan, MINDORO. Low elevation primary forests along streams, c. 100m.
  12. Cyrtandra benguetiana Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 281; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Loher 4237 (US, isosyn), Luzon: ‘Luzon Central’, no further data. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, NEGROS. Damp shaded ravines, 900-1700m.
  13. Cyrtandra callicarpifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 966; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 11497 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, dense woods on a steep  ravine along the Cati Creek, 5750ft, Aug-1909. --Cyrtandra miserrima Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; --Type: De Vore & Hoover 317 (US, holo), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo. In forests, May-1903. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Forested banks of streams, c. 1750m.
  14. Cyrtandra castanea Merr., PJS 13 (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 26606 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Dingalan (Mt Dalingdingan, according to original protologue), on forested slopes, c. 120m, 25-Aug-1916. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan). Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  15. Cyrtandra cauliflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 315; EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: BS 35342 Martelino & Edaño (US, iso), Panay: Aklan prov., Libacao, along streams at low elevation, 3 Jun-1919. PANAY: Aklan (Libacao). Low elevation primary forest along streams.
  16. Cyrtandra chiritoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: BS 10257 McGregor, Polillo. Low elevation forest. POLILLO. Low elevation forest. Known only from the type.
  17. Cyrtandra cleopatrae H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 451. --Type: Cronk et al. 25437A (PNH, holo; K, L, E, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  18. Cyrtandra constricta Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2660; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 14196 (MO, NA, NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, ‘humid  forest of a stony soil along the Masay Ridge at 6000 ft’, Oct-1912. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Mossy forest, c. 1800m.
  19. Cyrtandra cumingii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 263; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458. BATANES ISLS, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon (Mt Banahaw), Camarines, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Medium elevation primary forests along streams. Especially common on Mt Banahaw. 
  20. Cyrtandra cyclopum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Banks s.n. NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Canlaon). Primary forests, probably at medium elevation.
  21. Cyrtandra davaoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 968; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 10595 (GH, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, trunk epiphyte at dense woods, S of Mt Calelan, c. 4000ft, May-1909. --Cyrtandra scandens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; --Type: Bolster 326 (US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., no further locality data, 120m, Apr-1906. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigaodel Norte. Low and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1200m.
  22. Cyrtandra decussata Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 961; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 11704 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, densely wooded flats at 4000ft, Sep-1909. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao (Mt Apo). Wet mossy forests, c. 1200m.
  23. Cyrtandra disparifolia Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 347, t. 17. --Type: BS 46751 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, possibly lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., San Mariano, along forested streams, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1926. LUZON: Isabela prov., San Mariano. Forested stream, c. 500m. Known only from the type collection.
  24. Cyrtandra elatostemoides Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1781; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458  (‘elatostemmoides’), later corrected in errata by Elmer; --Type: Elmer 13207, Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (=Thumb Peak), May-1911. --Cyrtandra kraenzlinii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 76; --Type: Merrill 7294 (NY, US, iso), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Binaloan, in forest at sea level, on damp shaded banks, Sep-1910. Borneo (Sabah: Mt Kinabalu) and Philippines. PALAWAN (Malampaya Bay; Mt Pulgar). Primary forests from sea level to c. 750m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  25. Cyrtandra ferruginea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Merrill Phil. Pl., 1548 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Camarines prov., Mt Cauayan, 9-Dec-1913. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES. In very damp forests, probably at medium elevation.
  26. Cyrtandra florulenta Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 173; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459 (as ‘florentula’); --Type: Vanoverbergh 855, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. In shaded ravines along streams, c. 1300m.
  27. Cyrtandra fusconervia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Wenzel 88 (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, on forested foothills, c. 60m, 31-Mar-1913. PANAY, LEYTE (Dagami). Low elevation primary forests, chiefly along small streams.
  28. Cyrtandra geantha Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: MS  Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., along Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forests, c. 650m.
  29. Cyrtandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 956; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 12369 (MO, NY, US, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (=Magdiwang), España side, moist earth banks near densely wooded streamlets, at 1750ft, Apr-1910. SIBUYAN. Forested banks along streams, c. 525m. Very similar to C. cumingii Clarke, but the leaves sessile or subsessile.
  30. Cyrtandra glabrifolia Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Cyrtandra glabra Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317, non Jack.; --Type: Merrill 5770 (US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, undershrub in forest, c. 1500m, Nov-1906. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya (Palali Range, Bartolome 3068, PUH), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY. Mossy forests, c. 1300-1500m.
  31. Cyrtandra glabrilimba Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 349, t. 18; --Type: BS 47263 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Mt Moisés, forested slopes, 1250m, 2-Mar-1926. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moises). Forested slopes, 1250m. Known from two specimens from the type collection.
  32. Cyrtandra grandifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2663; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 13711 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, in very damp, more or less stony soil of steep wooded slopes, 3500 ft between Duros and Cawilanan, Sep-1912. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Damp primary forest, c. 1050m.
  33. Cyrtandra hirtigera H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452; --Type: Cronk et al.  25433 (PNH, holo; E, K, L, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle. --Cyrtandra woodii Merr. [in Atkins & Cronk], Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452, nom. nud. pro syn. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  34. Cyrtandra humilis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 8855 (A, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, Mar-1907. --Cyrtandra arbuscula Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 326; --Type: BS 7428 Ramos, Luzon: Cagayan prov., no further data. --Cyrtandra pallidifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 172; --Type: BS 13379 Ramos, Luzon: Quezon prov., Tagkawayan, no further data. --Cyrtandra glaucescens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 328; --Type: Merrill 6702, Panay: Capiz prov., Dumarao. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon (Tagkawayan), Camarines, MINDORO, PANAY: Capiz (Dumarao), BILIRAN, SAMAR, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Low and medium c. primary forests in damp shaded ravines along streams. Photos
  35. Cyrtandra hypochrysea Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 276; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Loher 4233 (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., no further data. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp forested ravines, c. 1400m.
  36. Cyrtandra hypochrysoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; --Syntypes: BS 650 & 687 Foxworthy. LUZON: Zambales, PALAWAN. Mossy forests, 1000-1700m. Photos
  37. Cyrtandra hypoleuca Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Mossy forests, c. 1000m.
  38. Cyrtandra ilicifolia Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 282; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. LUZON: Benguet. Montane thickets in damp ravines, c. 1500m,
  39. Cyrtandra ilocana Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 460. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Mossy forest, c. 1000m.
  40. Cyrtandra inaequifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1782; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Seepage slopes in forests along streams, c. 225m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  41. Cyrtandra incisa C.B.Clarke, in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 250; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra philippinensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 250. LUZON: Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO. Low and medium c. primary forests, often common. Photos
  42. Cyrtandra infantae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta). Ledges along rivers.
  43. Cyrtandra lagunae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 125; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra maquilingensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3083. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), PANAY. Mossy forests, elevation 900-1800m.
  44. Cyrtandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 454; EPFP 3 (1923) 460. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Quezon E coast. Along streams in lowland forests.
  45. Cyrtandra limnophila Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra umbrina Elmer ex Merr., nom. nud. pro syn. LUZON: Pampanga (Mt Abu), Sorsogon, CATANDUANES. Mossy forests, c. 1400m in Pampanga.
  46. Cyrtandra livida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 781 Foxworthy. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. In ravines, c. 150m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  47. Cyrtandra lobbii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 282, t. 2; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra curranii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 176. --Cyrtandra ramosii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 177. --Cyrtandra wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 385. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, NEGROS(?). Primary forests, 300-1000m.
  48. Cyrtandra loheri Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 351, t. 19; --Type: Loher 12939 (PNH, holo, possibly lost; UC(?), iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban, Mt Paningtingan. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban, Mt Paningtingan). Known from two collections both by Loher from approximately the same locality.
  49. Cyrtandra longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 30353 Ramos. CATANDUANES. Low elevation primary forest.
  50. Cyrtandra macrodiscus Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 279; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra grossedentata Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 346. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna. Thickets, damp ravines, and forests, 800-1500m. Closely allied to Cyrtandra incisa. Photos
  51. Cyrtandra macgregorii Kraenzl., LPB 8 (1913) 328; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 10576 RC McGregor. LUZON: Cagayan east coast. Lowland forests.
  52. Cyrtandra maesifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 556; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra talonensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 959. --Cyrtandra bulusanensis Elmer ex Merr., nom. nud. pro syn., EPFP 3 (1923) 457. Bibliographic Notes: synon. under Cyrtancra callicarpifolia by Merrill, but later under Cyrtandra williamsii by Elmer (1939, LPB 10 (1939) 3807, based on same specimen). --Cyrtandra chavis-insectorum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 318. --Cyrtandra nervosa Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178. --Cyrtandra williamsii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 315. NEGROS, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO, BASILAN.
  53. Cyrtandra membranifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 963; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. MINDANAO.
  54. Cyrtandra microphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 328; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. LUZON.
  55. Cyrtandra mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 958; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. MINDANAO.
  56. Cyrtandra mucronatisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 352, t. 20; --Type: BS 49427 Ramos & Edaño, Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mt Mayo. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Mayo; Mt Galintan). Forested slopes and streams, 1000-1300m.
  57. Cyrtandra multifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. LUZON.
  58. Cyrtandra nana Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 79; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. MINDANAO.
  59. Cyrtandra oblongata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 78; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. LUZON: Mountain Province, Sierra Madre Range from Isabela to Quezon and Laguna. Photos
  60. Cyrtandra oblongifolia (Blume) Benth. & Hook.f. ex C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 206, t. 24; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462; --Whitia oblongifolia Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. (1823) 17; Bijdr. (1823) 774. --Cyrtandra oblongifolia var. nervosa C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 206. --Cyrtandra angularis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 960; --Type: Elmer 10698 (A, K, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya, Mt Apo, 3500ft, May-1909. Sumatra, Mentawi Isls, Siberut, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan; Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1100m.
  61. Cyrtandra pachyneura Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 175; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. --Cyrtandra alnifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 329. LUZON.
  62. Cyrtandra pachyphylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. LUZON.
  63. Cyrtandra pallida Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 559; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra laxa Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 967. NEGROS, MINDANAO.
  64. Cyrtandra panayensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. PANAY.
  65. Cyrtandra pantothrix Kraenzl. in Fedde, Repert. 24 (1928) 221. LUZON (Laguna prov., Maheihei =Majayjay).
  66. Cyrtandra parva Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 446; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. MINDANAO.
  67. Cyrtandra parviflora Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra micrantha Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. 37 (1906) 280. LUZON.
  68. Cyrtandra parvifolia Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra fragilis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 557. MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Mossy forest, 1000-1800m.
  69. Cyrtandra peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3741, invalid name, no Latin description. LUZON.
  70. Cyrtandra pinatubensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3191. LUZON.
  71. Cyrtandra plectranthiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 332; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. LUZON.
  72. Cyrtandra pulgarensis Elmer ex H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 450; --Type: Elmer 13204 (E, holo), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  73. Cyrtandra quisumbingii Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3193 .
  74. Cyrtandra ramiflora Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 964; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. MINDANAO.
  75. Cyrtandra roseoalba Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. LUZON.
  76. Cyrtandra rufotricha Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 442; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. MINDANAO.
  77. Cyrtandra rupicola Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1784; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  78. Cyrtandra saligna Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 324; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. MINDANAO.
  79. Cyrtandra santosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 453; EPFP 3 (1923) 465. LUZON.
  80. Cyrtandra sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 969; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PANAY.
  81. Cyrtandra similis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 354, t. 21; --Type: BS 45572 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, possibly lost; A, iso), Luzon: Quirino prov. (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya), Mt Alzapan. Forested stream at low elevation. LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan). Known only from the type collection.
  82. Cyrtandra sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. LUZON.
  83. Cyrtandra strongiana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325; --Cyrtandra mirabilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 321; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462, non C.B.Clarke. MINDANAO. Synonymized under C. mirabilis Kraenzl. (nom. illeg.) by Merrill (1923); this is next available name if taxa are synonymous.
  84. Cyrtandra subglabra Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 447; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. MINDANAO.
  85. Cyrtandra tagaleurium Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 176; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO.
  86. Cyrtandra tayabensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 347; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. LUZON, NEGROS(?).
  87. Cyrtandra tecomiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. MINDANAO.
  88. Cyrtandra tenuipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 330; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. --Cyrtandra longipedunculata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 77, non Rech. LUZON.
  89. Cyrtandra tenuisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 356, t. 22; --Type: BS 45579 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, possibly lost), Luzon: Quirino (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya) prov., Mt Alzapan. Forested slope in mossy forest, 1300m. LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan). Mossy forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection.
  90. Cyrtandra trivialis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 331; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. LUZON.
  91. Cyrtandra umbellata Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330, nom. illeg., non de Vriese; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. LUZON.
  92. Cyrtandra umbellifera Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 435; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; --Li ZY & Kao MT in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 695, pl. 319, photo 357; --Type: Taiwan (Lanyu & Lutao). BATAN and BABUYAN Islands. Photos
  93.  Cyrtandra urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2664; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. MINDANAO.
  94. Cyrtandra vanoverberghii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 174; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. LUZON.
  95. Cyrtandra villosissima Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 465. --Slackia philippinensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171. LUZON, PALAWAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Photos
  96. Cyrtandra vulcanica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3743, invalidly published (No Latin diagnosis). LUZON.
  97. Cyrtandra zamboangensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 445; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. MINDANAO.

Other Taxa

  1. Cyrtandra sp. B, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; --Vouchers: Cronk et al. 25389 (E, PNH), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m. PALAWAN. 500m.
  2. Cyrtandra sp. C, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; --Vouchers: Cronk et al. 25520 (E, PNH), Palawan: Thumb Peak. PALAWAN. 1200m.
  3. Cyrtandra sp. D, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 455; --Vouchers: PNH 77433 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Panalingajan River. PALAWAN. 650-800m.
  4. Cyrtandra sp. E, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 456; --Vouchers: PNH 50 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Mt Mantalingahan. PALAWAN. Elevation not recorded.
  5. Cyrtandra nom. nov. ined.; --Cyrtandra copelandii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458, non Elmer (1915); --Type: Merrill 8224. --Didymocarpus pallida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 167, non Cyrtandra pallida Elmer (1908). MINDANAO: Zamboanga. On damp banks in shaded ravines, 400-800m. Unfortunately, Merrill’s nomen novum is again antedated by Cyrtandra copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2661, which is Rhynchotechum copelandii (Elmer) Elmer. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. On damp banks in shaded ravines, 400-800m.
  6. Cyrtandra nom. nov. ined., --Cyrtandra inaequifolia Merr. & Quisumb., ined., non Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1782; --Based on PNH 7814 Celestino (L), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, on rocks along stream-summit, 2042m, 10-May-1948.

Dichrotrichum Reinw. = Agalmyla

Dorcoceras Bunge

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 May 2016

Photos
  1. Dorcoceras philippense (C.B.Clarke) Schltr., ("philippinense") Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58 (1923) 259; --Boea philippensis C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 146; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448 ‘philippinensis’; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 418. --Boea pseudoglandulosa Elmer ex Merr., ‘pseudoglandulosum’ nom. nud. pro syn., EPFP 3 (1923) 448, based on Elmer 17398, Luzon. S China, Hainan, Laos, Vietnam, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Batangas, Sorsogon (Irosin, Mt Bulusan), MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Shaded places along small streams and on forested slopes at low and medium elevation. Photos

Epithema Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 August 2015

Photos
  1. Epithema benthamii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456 (as ‘benthami’); --Type: Cuming 1265 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Indonesia, Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Conservation status: LC (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015).
  2. Epithema ceylanicum Gardner, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist 6 (1846) 492; --Type from Sri Lanka. --Epithema brunonis var. fasciculatum C.B.Clarke in A.DC. & DC., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Epithema taiwanense S.S.Ying var. fasciculatum (C.B.Clarke) Z.Y.Li & M.T.Kao, in TC Huang (ed.) Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 697, (as ‘fasciculata’); --Type: Cuming 823 (K, lecto; BM, G-DC, K, L, P, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas, 1841. India, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Conservation status: LC (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  3. Epithema dolichopodum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; --Type from Malaysia. Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: LC (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  4. Epithema madulidii B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; --Type: PPI 11563 Madulid, Agoo, Reynoso & Fuentes (PNH, holo; E, iso), Coron: Bariol. Endemic to the Philippines. CORON. Conservation status: DD (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  5. Epithema philippinum (Hilliard & B.L.Burtt) Bransgrove, Garden's Bulletin Singapore 67 (2015) 200; --Epithema strigosum subsp. philippinum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 113; --Type: PNH 10434 Mendoza & Convocar (PNH, holo; A, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Mt Kabatuan, 83 m, 18-Mar-1949. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao del Norte. Conservation status: DD (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015).

Gloxinia L'Hér. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 11 April 2015

Photos
  1. Gloxinia perennis (L.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles 1913, iii (1914) 418; --Martynia perennis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 618. Central and South America. Not native to Philippines. Naturalized in Philippines? Photos

Henckelia Spreng. = Codonoboea (for Philippine species)

 Isanthera Nees = Rhynchotechum

Monophyllaea R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Monophyllaea longipes Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela (Palanan). On cliff in damp shaded ravines at low elevation, on damp limestone ledge along a stream, 40m in Palanan (Co 5178, PUH). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Monophyllaea merrilliana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456. Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Philippines. SAMAR, BOHOL (Pilar, Lundag Cave), MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan, Surigao. On damp cliff along small streams in forested ravines at low and medium elevation, ascending to 800m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Paraboea (C.B.Clarke) Ridl.

Photos
  1. Paraboea luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 432; --Type: Merrill 4178 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite prov., Maragongdon (=Maragondon), 100-400m, Jul-1905. LUZON: Cavite. On cliffs in ravines, 100-400m.
  2. Paraboea ridleyi Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 949; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 435; --Type: Elmer 11145 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo).
  3. Paraboea swinhoii (Hance) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 439; --Boea swinhoii Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. v, 5 (1866) 231; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Li ZY & Kao MT in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 702, pl. 322; photo 360-361 (as ‘swinhoii’). S China (Guangxi; Guizhou), Taiwan, N Vietnam, NE Thailand, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mounatin Province, Benguet, Pampanga, Rizal. Boulders and ledges on forested slopes, 300-1400m. Photos

Rhynchoglossum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 April 2016

Photos
  1. Rhynchoglossum klugioides C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 163; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type: Cuming 824 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas. Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Photos
  2. Rhynchoglossum obliquum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 741; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 432; EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type from Java (lecto). India to South China, throughout Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS, MINDANAO?, PALAWAN. Photos
  3. Rhynchoglossum spumosum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 564; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Type: Elmer 9929 (BO, lecto; A, E, L, NY, PNH, US, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete (Cuernos Mts.). --Rhynchoglossum merrilliae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type: Merrill 8187 (B, holo, lost; K, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, NEGROS, PANAY. Photos

 Rhynchotechum Blume

Photos
  1. Rhynchotechum copelandii (Elmer) Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Cyrtandra copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2661. MINDANAO.
  2. Rhynchotechum discolor (Maxim.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24 (1962) 37; --Isanthera discolor Maxim., Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 19 (1874) 538; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Li ZY & Kao MT in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 706, pl. 324, photo 362. S Japan, Ryukyus, Taiwan, S China (Fujian, Guangdong), Hainan, the Philippines, New Guinea(?), Bismarck Archip.(?). LUZON, ALABAT, NEGROS(?), LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO.

Seemannia Regel [Not native]

Edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 11 April 2015

Photos
  1. Seemannia sylvatica (Kunth) Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1 (1887) 708; --Gloxinia sylvatica (Kunth) Wiehler, Selbyana 1 (1) (1975) 33; --Gesneria sylvatica Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. [H.B.K.] 2: 393 [ed. quarto], 316 [ed folio]. 1817 publ. 1818. Not native to Philippines. Naturalized in Philippines? Photos

Stauranthera Benth.

Photos
  1. Stauranthera caerulea (Blume) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455. --Stauranthera philippinensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 950, "philippinense". Vietnam, Java, Sulawesi and the Philippines: MINDANAO. Photos

 Tetradema Schltr.  = Agalmyla


Literature

Atkins, H & QCB Cronk. 2001. The genus Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 58: 443-458.

Bramsgrove, K & DJ Middleton. 2015. A revision of Epithema (Gesneriaceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67: 159–229

Burtt, BL. 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXIV. Tentative keys to the tribes and genera. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 205-220.

Burtt, BL. 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXI. Rhynochotechum and Isanthera. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 35-39.

Burtt, BL 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXIII. Rhynchoglossum and Klugia. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 167-171.

Burtt, BL & PJB Woods. 1975. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXXIX. Towards a revision of Aeschynanthus. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 471-489.

Burtt, BL 1978. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLV. A preliminary revision of Monophyllaea. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 1-59.

Burtt, BL. 1984b. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLVII. Revised generic concepts for Boea and its allies. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 401-452.

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Gillet, GW. 1975. Kew Bull. 30: 371-412.

Hilliard, OM & BL Burtt. 1999. Towards a revision of Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae). Blumea 44: 381-389


Hilliard, OM & BL Burtt. 2002. The genus Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae-Cyrtandroideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 1-210.

Kartonegoro, A. 2013. A revision of Rhynchoglossum (Gesneriaceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia 13: 421-432

Kiew, R. 1990. Reassessment of the generic status of Codonoboea (Gesneriaceae) and its species. Blumea 35: 167-176


Mayer, V, M Moeller, M Perret & A Weber. 2003. Phylogenetic position and generic differentiation of Epithemateae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. American Journal of Botany 90: 321-329.

Mendum, M. 2001. Three new Gesneriaceae species from Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 58: 435-441.

Middleton, DJ, A Weber, TL Yao, S Sontag & M Moeller. 2013. The current status of the species hitherto assigned to Henckelia (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70: 385-404.

Puglisi, C, TL Yao, R Milne, M Möller & DJ Middleton. 2016. Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae), as inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data. Taxon 65: 277-292.

Roalson, RH, JK Boggan & LE Skog. 2005. Reorganization of tribal and generic boundaries in the Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae: Gesnerioideae) and the description of a new tribe in the Gesnerioideae, Sphaerorrhizeae. Selbyana 25: 225-238.

Acknowledgments

Jonah van Beijnen, Jamie Dichavez, and Ravan Schneider kindly provided photographs for this page.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 18 August 2017