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Gesneriaceae

Aeschynanthus Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Aeschynanthus arctocalyx Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 52 (1995) 343. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  2. Aeschynanthus asclepioides (Elmer) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 480; --Trichosporum asclepioides Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 952; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Type: Elmer 10492. --?Trichosporum brachysepalum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 449. --Aeschynanthus stenocalyx Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 166. --Trichosporum dolichosepalum Merr, EPFP 3 (1923) 449, nom. nud. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte. Damp primary forests, low elevation to 1200m. Photos
  3. Aeschynanthus batakiorum Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 56 (1999) 269. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  4. Aeschynanthus breviflorus (S.Moore) K.Schum., Just. Bot. Jahresb. 271 (1901) 534; --Trichosporum breviflorum S.Moore, J. Bot. 37 (1899) 173; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449. --Trichosporum mindorense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 83. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE. Mossy forests, 1000-1500m.
  5. Aeschynanthus cardinalis (Copel. ex Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum cardinale Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Albay, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1400m.
  6. Aeschynanthus copelandii (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum copelandii Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Boulders and tree trunks in low elevation primary forests.
  7. Aeschynanthus crassifolius (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum crassifolium Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 343; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450. --Trichosporum foxworthyi (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; --Aeschynanthus foxworthyi Kraenzl., PJS Bot. 8 (1913) 163. --Aeschynanthus glomeriflorus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 312, as 'glomeriflora'. --Aeschynanthus polillensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, ? NEGROS. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  8. Aeschynanthus cuernosensis (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum cuernosense Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 566; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: Elmer 9522. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  9. Aeschynanthus curvicalyx Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 435; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25434 (PNH, holo; E, iso), grown from seeds cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981826, Palawan: on path from Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, just above bamboo thicket, epiphyte closely appressed to tree trunk, 1500m, 22-Jan-1998. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Cleopatra’s Needle. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  10. Aeschynanthus elmeri Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439; --Trichosporum grandiflorum auct. non D.Don; --Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: Elmer 14154. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Exposed peaks, c. 1500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Aeschynanthus everettianus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; --Trichosporum everettianum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: FB 5585 Everett. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, PANAY. Forests along streams at low elevation.
  12. Aeschynanthus firmus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; --Trichosporum firmum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; --Type: M.S. Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Forests at or above 500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  13. Aeschynanthus irigaensis (Merr.) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; --Trichosporum irigaense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --Trichosporum bulusanense Elmer ex Merr., nom nud. pro syn., EPFP 3 (1923) 451. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Mt Iriga), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Forested ridges and peaks, 1000m or higher.
  14. Aeschynanthus leucothamnos Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; --Trichosporum leucothamnos (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --Trichosporum clementis Merr. ex Elmer, nom. nud. LPB 2 (1908) 567. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao del Sur. Low to medium elevation primary forests.
  15. Aeschynanthus littoralis (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum littorale Merr., LPB 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: Copeland 647. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. On trees overhanging the seashore. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  16. Aeschynanthus loheri Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; --Trichosporum loheri (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. --?Trichosporum bakeri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 449. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon. Camarines, SAMAR. Epiphyte in primary forests at medium elevation.
  17. Aeschynanthus macgregorii (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum macgregorii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Probably from forests at or above 800m.
  18. Aeschynanthus madulidii Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 436; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25512 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19980282, Palawan: Thumb Peak, on path from base camp to peak, 850m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Puerto Princesa, Thumb Peak. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  19. Aeschynanthus malindangensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum malindangense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 440; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: FB 4660 Mearns & Hutchinson. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Primary forests, c. 900m.
  20. Aeschynanthus mindanaensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum mindanaense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 440; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Mossy forest, 1100-1800m.
  21. Aeschynanthus miniaceus B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; --Trichosporum miniatum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2668, nom. illeg., auct. non (Lindl.) Kuntze; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451; --Type: Elmer 13529. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Forested ridges, c. 900m. According to Merrill (1923) very closely related to Aeschynanthus crassifolius. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  22. Aeschynanthus nervosus (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum nervosum Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 344; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp shaded ravines and in the mossy forest, 1400-2400m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  23. Aeschynanthus ovatus (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum ovatum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Clemens 316. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Forests, c. 600m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  24. Aeschynanthus panayensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum panayense Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 316; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: BS 35720 Martelino & Edaño. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Aklan (Mt Bulilao, Mt Salibongbong and Libacao). Forests along streams, ascending to 600m. 
  25. Aeschynanthus pergracilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; --Trichosporum pergracile (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Merrill 7047. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Kanlaon Volcano). Primary forests, c. 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  26. Aeschynanthus philippinensis (Kuntze) C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 39; --Trichosporum philippinense Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1791) 478; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. ?Himalayas, Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon. Mossy forests, 1000-2200m.
  27. Aeschynanthus rizalensis (Merr.) ined.; --Trichosporum rizalense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 82; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: BS 13775 Ramos. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Mossy forests at or above 1000m.
  28. Aeschynanthus truncatus (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; --Trichosporum truncatum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 567; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; --Type: Elmer 9426. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental prov. (Cuernos Mtns). Forested ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  29. Aeschynanthus urdanetensis (Elmer) ined.; --Trichosporum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2670. --Trichosporum sorsogonense Elmer, nom. nud., LPB 10 (1939) 3810. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Primary forests, c. 1200m.
  30. Aeschynanthus zamboangensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; --Trichosporum zamboangense (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forests, c. 200m. According to Merrill (1923), closely allied to Aeschynanthus crassifolius.

Agalmyla Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 May 2018

Photos
  1. Agalmyla biflora (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 53; --Dichrotrichum biflorum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1785; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: Elmer 13210 (lost?), Palawan: Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar), 3750ft,  May-1911; Mendum et al. 25435 (E, neo), Palawan, near summit Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m, 10°07’N, 118°58’E, 22-Jan-1998. --Dichrotrichum pauciflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 80; --Type: Merrill 9497 (US, iso), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Mt Capoas, c. 950m, 21-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt Capoas; Tagimburg (possibly a misspelled locality); Thumb Peak; Mt Mantalingahan). Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Agalmyla bilirana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 122; --Type: PNH 21614 Sulit (L, holo), Biliran: Mt Suiro, 5-May-1954. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN (Mt Suiro (N slope); Naval, Libtong). Possible variants in LEYTE. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Agalmyla calelanensis (Elmer) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 119; --Dichrotrichum calelanense Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 955; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: Elmer 11347 (E, holo; GH, K, L, NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt. Apo, Lake Linao, Aug-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo), N Cotabato (Kidapawan Mun., Ilomavis, Mt Apo above Marber Hot Springs). In mossy forest, 1800–2600m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Agalmyla chorisepala (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 116; --Dichrotrichum chorisepalum C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 53; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453. --Type: Cuming 938 (K, lecto; L, isolecto), Luzon: Albay prov. --Dichrotrichum minus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314, nom. illeg., auct. non K.Schum. & Lauterb. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Quezon (Lucban), Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog), Albay (Mt Malinao), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (San Teodoro, Sibuang River; Mt Halcon; Mt Ilong), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon; Mt Malbug), Negros Oriental prov. (Cuernos de Negros area); Matangwa River, PANAY: Aklan (Mt Macosolon = Magosolon), MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphytic on tree trunks in forest, 550-1400m. Photos
  5. Agalmyla clarkei (Elmer) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; --Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 105; --Tetradema clarkei (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Dichrotrichum clarkei Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345; --Type: Elmer 7499 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, epiphytic herb in woods, 1000m, May-1906. --Dichrotrichum praelongum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 170; --Type: Merrill 7518 (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Banahaw, Feb-1911; --Tetradema praelongum (Kraenzl.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7 (1920) 18. --Dichrotrichum crassicaule Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 169. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, ?PANAY, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Photos
  6. Agalmyla glabra (Copel. ex Merr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 123; --Dichrotrichum glabrum Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: Copeland 998 (K, lecto), Mindanao: Davao prov., Mt Apo, Apr-1904. --Dichrotrichum coriaceum Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 439; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; --Type: BS 38924 Ramos & Edaño (A, K, US, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mt Candoon, mossy forest, c. 1600m, 3-Jul-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad; Mt Candoon), Davao (Mt Apo; Mt McKinley), South Cotabato (Lake Parker). Montane forests, 1160-2000m. Some specimens from CAMIGUIN, BS 14483 Ramos, and Mt Matutum, viz. PPI 5190 Gaerlan et al. & PPI 5293 (PNH) and BS 85095 Ramos & Edaño (A) are probably referable to this species. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Agalmyla montis-tomasii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 111; --Type: Sands 3149 (K, holo; A, L, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, 16º20’N, 120º32’E, in stunted ridge forest with Ericaceae and ?oak spp., 1800m, 18-Feb-1976. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas). Stunted ridge forest, 1800m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Agalmyla parvilimba Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 115; --Type: Mendum et al. 99202 (E, holo), Leyte: near Dagami, Mt Lobi, 11º02’N, 124º48’E, submontane forest, 800m, 7-Nov-1999. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE: Mt Lobi, submontane forest, 800m. Only known from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Agalmyla persimilis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 120; --Type: PNH 10767 Mendoza & Convocar (A, holo), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Hilong-hilong, steep slope in mossy forest, 1166 m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong; Mt Urdaneta), Diuata Mtns. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  10. Agalmyla rotundiloba Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 125; --Type: PNH 11551 Edaño (A, holo; L, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mt Kampalili, summit, 750m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Kampalili). Summit, 750m. Thus far known only from three collections from the type locality. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Agalmyla rubra (Merr.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; --Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 108; --Tetradema rubrum (Merr.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 7 (1920) 17; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Trichosporum rubrum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; --Type: Merrill 4581 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Nov-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Photos
  12. Agalmyla samarica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44 (1999) 388; Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 112; --Type: PNH 117472 Gutierrez et al. (K, holo; L, iso), Samar: Eastern Samar prov., Wright mun., near summit of Mt Apoy, 11º24’N, 125º25’E, May-1969. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Eastern Samar (Mt Apoy), Mt Calbiga. In forest, 180-300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  13. Agalmyla sibuyanensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 110; --Type: Argent & Reynoso 8986 (E, holo), Sibuyan: Camp 3 above Magdiwang on ridge leading to Mayo’s Peak, on steep slope in submontane forest, 1300m, 24-Aug-1989. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Submontane forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  14. Agalmyla urdanetensis (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 113; --Tetradema urdanetense (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Dichrotrichum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667; --Type: Elmer 13710, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Surigao del Norte (Mt Kabatuan). In mossy forest, 700-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Boea Comm. ex Lam. = Dorcoceras

Codonoboea Ridl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Codonoboea corrugata (Mendum) D.J.Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 389; --Henckelia corrugata Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439; --Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25558 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981788, Palawan: side of ravine above Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, 940m, 22-Jan-1998. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Cleopatra’s Needle. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Codonoboea woodii (Merr.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 393; --Henckelia woodii (Merr.) Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70 (1998) 359; --Didymocarpus woodii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 489; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; --Type: Merrill 11587 (G, K, L, P, PNH, US, W), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, 8-Oct-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On cliffs in primary forest at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Cyrtandra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 May 2018

Photos
  1. Cyrtandra aclada Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 443; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: BS 36616 Ramos & Edaño. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation forests.
  2. Cyrtandra aeruginosa Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 345; --Type: BS 47320 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, ?lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Mt Moises, on forested slopes, c. 1200m, 1-Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moises). Forests, c. 1200m. Known only from the type collection.
  3. Cyrtandra agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2658; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: Elmer 13497. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao del Norte. Low elevation forests along streams, ascending to 225m.
  4. Cyrtandra alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: FB 25214 Alvarez. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forests, c. 1000m.
  5. Cyrtandra antoniana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 561; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Type: Elmer 9642. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Mossy forests, c. 1800m. Photos
  6. Cyrtandra apoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 962; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 11557. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). On cliffs along small streams, 1700m and above.
  7. Cyrtandra atropurpurea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 19852 McGregor. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis). Probably from the mossy forest above 2000m.
  8. Cyrtandra attenuata Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 558; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 9623. --Cyrtandra stenophylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, PANAY. On wet cliffs along streams, and in the mossy forests, 50-1200m. Closely allied to Cyrtandra humilis.
  9. Cyrtandra auriculata C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 252; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Cuming 1328. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya. Primary forests along small streams.
  10. Cyrtandra barnesii Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: FB 920 Barnes (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Tonglon (Mt Sto Tomas), very damp shaded ravines in the mossy forest, c. 2000m, May-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp shaded ravines, c. 2000m.
  11. Cyrtandra bataanensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 20035 Topacio, Luzon: Bataan prov., in forests, c. 100m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MINDORO. Low elevation primary forests along streams, c. 100m.
  12. Cyrtandra benguetiana Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 281; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Loher 4237 (US, isosyn), Luzon: ‘Luzon Central’. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, NEGROS. Damp shaded ravines, 900-1700m.
  13. Cyrtandra callicarpifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 966; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: Elmer 11497 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, dense woods on a steep  ravine along the Cati Creek, 5750ft, Aug-1909. --Cyrtandra miserrima Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; --Type: De Vore & Hoover 317 (US, holo), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, in forests, May-1903. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Forested banks of streams, c. 1750m.
  14. Cyrtandra castanea Merr., PJS 13 (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; --Type: BS 26606 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Dingalan (Mt Dalingdingan, according to protologue), on forested slopes, c. 120m, 25-Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan). Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  15. Cyrtandra cauliflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 315; EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: BS 35342 Martelino & Edaño (US, iso), Panay: Aklan prov., Libacao, along streams at low elevation, 3 Jun-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Aklan (Libacao). Low elevation primary forest along streams.
  16. Cyrtandra chiritoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: BS 10257 McGregor, Polillo. Endemic to the Philippines. POLILLO. Low elevation forest. Known only from the type.
  17. Cyrtandra cleopatrae H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 451; --Type: Cronk et al. 25437A (PNH, holo; K, L, E, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  18. Cyrtandra constricta Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2660; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 14196 (MO, NA, NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, humid  forest of a stony soil along the Masay Ridge at 6000ft, Oct-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Mossy forest, c. 1800m.
  19. Cyrtandra cumingii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 263; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458. Endemic to the Philippines. BATANES ISLS, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon (Mt Banahaw), Camarines, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Medium elevation primary forests along streams. Especially common on Mt Banahaw. 
  20. Cyrtandra cyclopum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Banks s.n. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon). Primary forests, probably at medium elevation.
  21. Cyrtandra davaoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 968; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 10595 (GH, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, trunk epiphyte at dense woods, S of Mt Calelan, c. 4000ft, May-1909. --Cyrtandra scandens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; --Type: Bolster 326 (US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., 120m, Apr-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao del Norte. Low and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1200m.
  22. Cyrtandra decussata Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 961; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; --Type: Elmer 11704 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, densely wooded flats at 4000ft, Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao (Mt Apo). Wet mossy forests, c. 1200m.
  23. Cyrtandra disparifolia Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 34; --Type: BS 46751 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, ?lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., San Mariano, along forested streams, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela prov., San Mariano. Forested stream, c. 500m. Known only from the type collection.
  24. Cyrtandra elatostemoides Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1781; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458, as ‘elatostemmoides’; --Type: Elmer 13207, Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), May-1911. --Cyrtandra kraenzlinii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 76; --Type: Merrill 7294 (NY, US, iso), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Binaloan, in forest at sea level, on damp shaded banks, Sep-1910. Borneo (Sabah: Mt Kinabalu), Philippines. PALAWAN (Malampaya Bay; Mt Pulgar). Primary forests from sea level to c. 750m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  25. Cyrtandra ferruginea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Merrill Phil. Pl., 1548 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Camarines prov., Mt Cauayan, 9-Dec-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES. In very damp forests, probably at medium elevation.
  26. Cyrtandra florulenta Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 173; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459, as ‘florentula’; --Type: Vanoverbergh 855, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. In shaded ravines along streams, c. 1300m.
  27. Cyrtandra fusconervia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Wenzel 88 (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, on forested foothills, c. 60m, 31-Mar-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, LEYTE (Dagami). Low elevation primary forests, chiefly along small streams.
  28. Cyrtandra geantha Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: M.S. Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., along Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forests, c. 650m.
  29. Cyrtandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 956; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 12369 (MO, NY, US, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (Magdiwang), España side, moist earth banks near densely wooded streamlets, at 1750ft, Apr-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Forested banks along streams, c. 525m. Very similar to Cyrtandra cumingii Clarke, but the leaves sessile or subsessile.
  30. Cyrtandra glabrifolia Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Cyrtandra glabra Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317, nom. illeg., auct. non Jack; --Type: Merrill 5770 (US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, undershrub in forest, c. 1500m, Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya (Palali Range; Bartolome 3068, PUH), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY. Mossy forests, c. 1300-1500m.
  31. Cyrtandra glabrilimba Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 349; --Type: BS 47263 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Mt Moises, forested slopes, 1250m, 2-Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Mt Moises). Forested slopes, 1250m. Known from two specimens from the type collection.
  32. Cyrtandra grandifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2663; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 13711 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, in very damp, more or less stony soil of steep wooded slopes, 3500ft between Duros and Cawilanan, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Damp primary forest, c. 1050m.
  33. Cyrtandra hirtigera H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452; --Type: Cronk et al.  25433 (PNH, holo; E, K, L, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle. --Cyrtandra woodii Merr. in Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452, nom. nud. pro syn. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  34. Cyrtandra humilis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Elmer 8855 (A, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, Mar-1907. --Cyrtandra arbuscula Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 326; --Type: BS 7428 Ramos, Luzon: Cagayan prov. --Cyrtandra pallidifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 172; --Type: BS 13379 Ramos, Luzon: Quezon prov., Tagkawayan. --Cyrtandra glaucescens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 328; --Type: Merrill 6702, Panay: Capiz prov., Dumarao. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon (Tagkawayan), Camarines, MINDORO, PANAY: Capiz (Dumarao), BILIRAN, SAMAR, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Low and medium c. primary forests in damp shaded ravines along streams. Photos
  35. Cyrtandra hypochrysea Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 276; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; --Type: Loher 4233 (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp forested ravines, c. 1400m.
  36. Cyrtandra hypochrysoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; --Type: BS 650 & 687 Foxworthy (syn). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, PALAWAN. Mossy forests, 1000-1700m. Photos
  37. Cyrtandra hypoleuca Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Mossy forests, c. 1000m.
  38. Cyrtandra ilicifolia Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 282; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Montane thickets in damp ravines, c. 1500m.
  39. Cyrtandra ilocana Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Mossy forest, c. 1000m.
  40. Cyrtandra inaequifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1782; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Seepage slopes in forests along streams, c. 225m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  41. Cyrtandra incisa C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 250; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra philippinensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 250. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO. Low and medium c. primary forests, often common. Photos
  42. Cyrtandra infantae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta). Ledges along rivers.
  43. Cyrtandra lagunae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 125; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra maquilingensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3083. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), PANAY. Mossy forests, elevation 900-1800m.
  44. Cyrtandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 454; EPFP 3 (1923) 460. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Quezon E coast. Along streams in lowland forests.
  45. Cyrtandra limnophila Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460. --Cyrtandra umbrina Elmer ex Merr., nom. nud. pro syn. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga (Mt Abu), Sorsogon, CATANDUANES. Mossy forests, c. 1400m in Pampanga.
  46. Cyrtandra livida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 781 Foxworthy. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. In ravines, c. 150m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  47. Cyrtandra lobbii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 282; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra curranii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 176. --Cyrtandra ramosii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 177. --Cyrtandra wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 385. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, ?NEGROS. Primary forests, 300-1000m.
  48. Cyrtandra loheri Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 351; --Type: Loher 12939 (PNH, holo, ?lost; ?UC, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Montalban, Mt Paningtingan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban, Mt Paningtingan). Known from two collections both by Loher from approximately the same locality.
  49. Cyrtandra longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 30353 Ramos. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Low elevation primary forest.
  50. Cyrtandra macrodiscus Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 279; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra grossedentata Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 346. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna. Thickets, damp ravines, and forests, 800-1500m. Closely allied to Cyrtandra incisa. Photos
  51. Cyrtandra mcgregorii Kraenzl., PJS 8c (1913) 328; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; --Type: BS 10576 R.C. McGregor. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan east coast. Lowland forests.
  52. Cyrtandra maesifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 556; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. --Cyrtandra talonensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 959. --Cyrtandra bulusanensis Elmer ex Merr., nom. nud. pro syn., EPFP 3 (1923) 457. Bibliographic notes: synon. under Cyrtancra callicarpifolia by Merrill, but later under Cyrtandra williamsii by Elmer (LPB 10 (1939) 3807), based on same specimen). --Cyrtandra chavis-insectorum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 318. --Cyrtandra nervosa Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178. --Cyrtandra williamsii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 315. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO, BASILAN.
  53. Cyrtandra membranifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 963; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  54. Cyrtandra microphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 328; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  55. Cyrtandra mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 958; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  56. Cyrtandra mucronatisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 352; --Type: BS 49427 Ramos & Edaño, Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mt Mayo. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Mayo; Mt Galintan). Forested slopes and streams, 1000-1300m.
  57. Cyrtandra multifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  58. Cyrtandra nana Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 79; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  59. Cyrtandra oblongata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 78; EPFP 3 (1923) 462. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Sierra Madre Range from Isabela to Quezon and Laguna. Photos
  60. Cyrtandra oblongifolia (Blume) Benth. & Hook.f. ex C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 206; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462; --Whitia oblongifolia Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. (1823) 17; Bijdr. (1823) 774. --Cyrtandra oblongifolia var. nervosa C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 206. --Cyrtandra angularis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 960; --Type: Elmer 10698 (A, K, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya, Mt Apo, 3500ft, May-1909. Sumatra, Mentawi Isls, Siberut, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan; Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1100m.
  61. Cyrtandra pachyneura Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 175; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462. --Cyrtandra alnifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 329. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  62. Cyrtandra pachyphylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  63. Cyrtandra pallida Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 559; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra laxa Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 967. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO.
  64. Cyrtandra panayensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY.
  65. Cyrtandra pantothrix Kraenzl. in Fedde, Repert. 24 (1928) 221. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Laguna prov., Maheihei = Majayjay).
  66. Cyrtandra parva Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 446; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  67. Cyrtandra parviflora Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra micrantha Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. 37 (1906) 280. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  68. Cyrtandra parvifolia Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463. --Cyrtandra fragilis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 557. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Mossy forest, 1000-1800m.
  69. Cyrtandra peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3741, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  70. Cyrtandra pinatubensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3191. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  71. Cyrtandra plectranthiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 332; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  72. Cyrtandra pulgarensis Elmer ex H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 450; --Type: Elmer 13204 (E, holo), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  73. Cyrtandra quisumbingii Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3193. Endemic to the Philippines.
  74. Cyrtandra ramiflora Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 964; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  75. Cyrtandra roseoalba Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  76. Cyrtandra rufotricha Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 442; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  77. Cyrtandra rupicola Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1784; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  78. Cyrtandra saligna Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 324; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  79. Cyrtandra santosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 453; EPFP 3 (1923) 465. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  80. Cyrtandra sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 969; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PANAY.
  81. Cyrtandra similis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 354; --Type: BS 45572 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, ?lost; A, iso), Luzon: Quirino prov. (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya), Mt Alzapan. Forested stream at low elevation. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan). Known only from the type collection.
  82. Cyrtandra sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  83. Cyrtandra strongiana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325; --Cyrtandra mirabilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 321; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462, nom. illeg., auct. non C.B.Clarke. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  84. Cyrtandra subglabra Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 447; EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  85. Cyrtandra tagaleurium Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 176; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO.
  86. Cyrtandra tayabensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 347; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, ?NEGROS.
  87. Cyrtandra tecomiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  88. Cyrtandra tenuipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 330; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. --Cyrtandra longipedunculata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 77, nom. illeg., auct. non Rech. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  89. Cyrtandra tenuisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 356; --Type: BS 45579 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, ?lost), Luzon: Quirino (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya) prov., Mt Alzapan. Forested slope in mossy forest, 1300m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan). Mossy forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection.
  90. Cyrtandra trivialis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 331; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  91. Cyrtandra umbellata Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330, nom. illeg., auct. non de Vriese; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  92. Cyrtandra umbellifera Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 435; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; --Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 695; --Type: from Taiwan (Lanyu & Lutao). Taiwan, Philippines. BATAN and BABUYAN Islands. Photos
  93. Cyrtandra urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2664; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  94. Cyrtandra vanoverberghii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 174; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  95. Cyrtandra villosissima Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 465. --Slackia philippinensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Photos
  96. Cyrtandra vulcanica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3743, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  97. Cyrtandra zamboangensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 445; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.

Other taxa:

  1. Cyrtandra sp. B, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; --Voucher: Cronk et al. 25389 (E, PNH), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. 500m.
  2. Cyrtandra sp. C, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; --Voucher: Cronk et al. 25520 (E, PNH), Palawan: Thumb Peak. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. 1200m.
  3. Cyrtandra sp. D, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 455; --Voucher: PNH 77433 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Panalingajan River. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. 650-800m.
  4. Cyrtandra sp. E, H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 456; --Voucher: PNH 50 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Mt Mantalingahan. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN.
  5. Cyrtandra nom. nov. ined.; --Cyrtandra copelandii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458, nom. illeg., auct. non Elmer; --Type: Merrill 8224. --Didymocarpus pallida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 167, non Cyrtandra pallida Elmer. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. On damp banks in shaded ravines, 400-800m. Unfortunately, Merrill’s nomen novum is again antedated by Cyrtandra copelandii Elmer, which is Rhynchotechum copelandii (Elmer) Elmer. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. On damp banks in shaded ravines, 400-800m.
  6. Cyrtandra nom. nov. ined., --Cyrtandra inaequifolia Merr. & Quisumb., ined., non Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1782; --Based on PNH 7814 Celestino (L), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, on rocks along stream-summit, 2042m, 10-May-1948.

Dichrotrichum Reinw. = Agalmyla

Dorcoceras Bunge

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 May 2016

Photos
  1. Dorcoceras philippense (C.B.Clarke) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58 (1923) 259, as 'philippinense'; --Boea philippensis C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 146; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448, as ‘philippinensis’; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 418. --Boea pseudoglandulosa Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448, as ‘pseudoglandulosum’, nom. nud., based on Elmer 17398, Luzon. S China, Hainan, Laos, Vietnam, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Batangas, Sorsogon (Irosin, Mt Bulusan), MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Shaded places along small streams and on forested slopes at low and medium elevation. Photos

Epithema Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 August 2015

Photos
  1. Epithema benthamii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456, as ‘benthami’; --Type: Cuming 1265 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Indonesia, Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015).
  2. Epithema ceylanicum Gardner, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist 6 (1846) 492; --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Epithema brunonis var. fasciculatum C.B.Clarke in A.DC. & DC., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; --Epithema taiwanense S.S.Ying var. fasciculatum (C.B.Clarke) Z.Y.Li & M.T.Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 697, as ‘fasciculata’; --Type: Cuming 823 (K, lecto; BM, G-DC, K, L, P, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas, 1841. India, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  3. Epithema dolichopodum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; --Type: from Malaysia. Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  4. Epithema madulidii B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; --Type: PPI 11563 Madulid, Agoo, Reynoso & Fuentes (PNH, holo; E, iso), Coron: Bariol. Endemic to the Philippines. CORON. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Photos
  5. Epithema philippinum (Hilliard & B.L.Burtt) Bransgrove, Garden's Bulletin Singapore 67 (2015) 200; --Epithema strigosum subsp. philippinum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 113; --Type: PNH 10434 Mendoza & Convocar (PNH, holo; A, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Mt Kabatuan, 83m, 18-Mar-1949. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao del Norte. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015).

Gloxinia L'Hér. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 11 April 2015

Photos
  1. Gloxinia perennis (L.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles 1913, iii (1914) 418; --Martynia perennis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 618. Central and South America. Not native to Philippines. Naturalized in Philippines? Photos

Henckelia Spreng. = Codonoboea (for Philippine species)

 Isanthera Nees = Rhynchotechum

Monophyllaea R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 May 2018

Photos
  1. Monophyllaea longipes Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela (Palanan). On cliff in damp shaded ravines at low elevation, on damp limestone ledge along a stream, 40m in Palanan (Co 5178, PUH). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Monophyllaea merrilliana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456. Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Philippines. SAMAR, BOHOL (Pilar, Lundag Cave), MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan, Surigao. On damp cliff along small streams in forested ravines at low and medium elevation, ascending to 800m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Paraboea (C.B.Clarke) Ridl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 May 2018

Photos
  1. Paraboea luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 432; --Type: Merrill 4178 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite prov., Maragongdon (Maragondon), 100-400m, Jul-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cavite. On cliffs in ravines, 100-400m.
  2. Paraboea ridleyi Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 949; --Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 435; --Type: Elmer 11145 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo).
  3. Paraboea swinhoii (Hance) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 439; --Boea swinhoii Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. v, 5 (1866) 231; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; --Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 702, as ‘swinhoii’. S China (Guangxi; Guizhou), Taiwan, N Vietnam, NE Thailand, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Pampanga, Rizal. Boulders and ledges on forested slopes, 300-1400m. Photos

Rhynchoglossum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 April 2016

Photos
  1. Rhynchoglossum klugioides C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 163; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type: Cuming 824 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas. Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Photos
  2. Rhynchoglossum obliquum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 741; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 432; EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type: from Java (lecto). India to South China, throughout Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS, ?MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Photos
  3. Rhynchoglossum spumosum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 564; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Type: Elmer 9929 (BO, lecto; A, E, L, NY, PNH, US, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete (Cuernos Mts.). --Rhynchoglossum merrilliae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; --Type: Merrill 8187 (B, holo, lost; K, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, NEGROS, PANAY. Photos

 Rhynchotechum Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 May 2018

Photos
  1. Rhynchotechum copelandii (Elmer) Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Cyrtandra copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2661. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  2. Rhynchotechum discolor (Maxim.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24 (1962) 37; --Isanthera discolor Maxim., Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 19 (1874) 538; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 706. S Japan, Ryukyus, Taiwan, S China (Fujian, Guangdong), Hainan, Philippines, ?New Guinea, ?Bismarck Archip. LUZON, ALABAT, ?NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO.

Seemannia Regel [Not native]

Edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 11 April 2015

Photos
  1. Seemannia sylvatica (Kunth) Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1 (1887) 708; --Gloxinia sylvatica (Kunth) Wiehler, Selbyana 1 (1) (1975) 33; --Gesneria sylvatica Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2 (1818) 393 [ed. quarto], 316 [ed folio]. Not native to Philippines. Naturalized in Philippines? Photos

Stauranthera Benth.

Photos
  1. Stauranthera coerulea (Blume) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; --Miquelia coerulea Blume, Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Neerl. 1 (1838) 94. --Stauranthera philippinensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 950, as 'philippinense'. Vietnam, Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDANAO. Photos

 Tetradema Schltr.  = Agalmyla


Literature

Atkins, H & QCB Cronk. 2001. The genus Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 58: 443-458.

Bramsgrove, K & DJ Middleton. 2015. A revision of Epithema (Gesneriaceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67: 159–229

Burtt, BL. 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXIV. Tentative keys to the tribes and genera. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 205-220.

Burtt, BL. 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXI. Rhynochotechum and Isanthera. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 35-39.

Burtt, BL 1962. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXIII. Rhynchoglossum and Klugia. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 167-171.

Burtt, BL & PJB Woods. 1975. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XXXIX. Towards a revision of Aeschynanthus. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 471-489.

Burtt, BL 1978. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLV. A preliminary revision of Monophyllaea. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 1-59.

Burtt, BL. 1984b. Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLVII. Revised generic concepts for Boea and its allies. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 401-452.

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Gillet, GW. 1975. Kew Bull. 30: 371-412.

Hilliard, OM & BL Burtt. 1999. Towards a revision of Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae). Blumea 44: 381-389


Hilliard, OM & BL Burtt. 2002. The genus Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae-Cyrtandroideae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 59: 1-210.

Kartonegoro, A. 2013. A revision of Rhynchoglossum (Gesneriaceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia 13: 421-432

Kiew, R. 1990. Reassessment of the generic status of Codonoboea (Gesneriaceae) and its species. Blumea 35: 167-176


Mayer, V, M Moeller, M Perret & A Weber. 2003. Phylogenetic position and generic differentiation of Epithemateae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. American Journal of Botany 90: 321-329.

Mendum, M. 2001. Three new Gesneriaceae species from Palawan, Philippines. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 58: 435-441.

Middleton, DJ, A Weber, TL Yao, S Sontag & M Moeller. 2013. The current status of the species hitherto assigned to Henckelia (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70: 385-404.

Puglisi, C, TL Yao, R Milne, M Möller & DJ Middleton. 2016. Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae), as inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data. Taxon 65: 277-292.

Roalson, RH, JK Boggan & LE Skog. 2005. Reorganization of tribal and generic boundaries in the Gloxinieae (Gesneriaceae: Gesnerioideae) and the description of a new tribe in the Gesnerioideae, Sphaerorrhizeae. Selbyana 25: 225-238.

Acknowledgments

Jonah van Beijnen, Jamie Dichavez, and Ravan Schneider kindly provided photographs for this page.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 25 May 2018