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Gymnosperms

Araucariaceae

Agathis Salisb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Agathis dammara (Lamb.) Rich. & A.Rich., Comm. Bot. Conif. Cycad. (1826) 83; --Pinus dammara Lamb., Pin. ed. I. i. (1803) 61. --Agathis celebica (Koord.) Warb., Monsunia (1900) 185; --de Laub. Kalikasan 7 (1978) 146; --Blumea 24 (1978) 504; --Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 434; --Dammara celebica Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19 (1898) 263. --Agathis alba (Rumph. ex Hassk.) Foxw., PJS 4 (1909) 4427, nom. illeg.; --Merr., Interp. Rumph. Amb. (1917) 76; --EPFP (1922) 5, pro parte; --Dammara alba Rumph. ex Hassk., Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 9 (1842) 179, nom. illeg. Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. PALAWAN, SAMAR, possibly other parts of S Philippines. Forest emergent and locally common, up to 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Agathis philippinensis Warb., Monsunia (1900) 185. --Agathis alba auct. non (Rumph. ex Hassk.) Foxw.; Foxw. PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 442; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 5. --Agathis dammara auct. non (Lamb.) Rich.; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 144; Blumea 24 (1979) 499. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera). BABUYAN ISLS, N LUZON to MINDANAO. Occurs mostly in montane forests to 2200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Non-naturalized cultivated species:

  1. Araucaria bidwillii Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 503. Photos
  2. Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco, Anais Inst. Super. Agron. 19 (1952) 11; --Eutassa heterophylla Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8 (1807) 316. --Araucaria excelsa R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 5 (1813) 412. Photos

Cycadaceae

Cycas L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Cycas aenigma K.D.Hill & A.Lindstr., Telopea 12 (2008) 130; --Type: E.S. Fernando 1617 (LBC, holo), Palawan: Puerto Princesa City, cult., 26-Jun-2001. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Known only in cultivation in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Cycas curranii (J.Schust.) K.D.Hill, Proceed. 3rd Internat.Conf. Cycad. Biol. (1995) 150; --Lindstrom et al., Telopea 12 (2008) 126; --Cycas circinalis L. var. curranii J.Schust. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 99 (1932) 69; --Type: Curran 3842 (PNH, holo, lost; K, neo; P, isoneo), Palawan: Molinao River, on river bank, Mar-1906. --Cycas circinalis auct. non L.; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 151, pro parte; --Amoroso, PJS 115 (1986) 182. --Cycas rumphii auct. non Miq.: --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 52; EPFP 1 (1922) 1, pro parte. --Cycas silvestris auct. non K.D.Hill; --de Laub. & Adema, Blumea 43 (1998) 372. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN (Puerto Princesa; Aborlan; Narra). Apparently confined to lowland ultramafics, occurring in the understorey of mixed closed forest, common on steep slopes, occasionally on alluvial outwash from ultramafic hills. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  3. Cycas edentata de Laub., Blumea 43 (1998) 373; --Lindstrom et al., Telopea 12 (2008); --Type: PNH 38877 Kondo & Edaño (L, holo; A, BM, iso), Sulu Archipelago: Mt Caducan, Jan/Feb-1957. --Cycas circinalis ssp. riumininana var. curranii forma maritima J.Schust. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 99 (1932) 69; --Type: BS 15660 Fenix (K, lecto; L, US, isolecto), Cagayan Island Group, Sulu Sea, Calusa Island, 29-Jul-1912. --Cycas rumphii auct. non Miq.; --Amoroso, PJS 115 (1986) 182. Andaman Isls, Peninsular Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls. LUZON, MINDORO, CULION, PALAWAN, BANCALAN, PANAY, NEGROS, OLANGO, HAMORAON (part of Masbate prov.), BASILAN, MINDANAO. Coastal vegetation and lowland rainforests immediately behind it. Rarely venturing far from the coast. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  4. Cycas lacrimans K.D.Hill & A.Lindstr., Telopea 12 (2008) 136; --Type: BS 48953 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; BM, BO, P, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mati, Mar/Apr-1927. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mati; San Isidro, Mt Galintan; Mt Hamiguitan). Forests over ultramafics on serpentine soil. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  5. Cycas nitida K.D.Hill & A.Lindstr., Telopea 12 (2008) 136; --Type: Female plant cultivated at Sydney Botanical Gardens (NSW 728768, holo), from Rapu-Rapu Island, E of Albay prov., Luzon, 2006. Endemic to the Philippines. DALUPIRI (in the Babuyan Isls Group), LUZON: Quezon, POLILLO, ALABAT, RAPU-RAPU. Littoral forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  6. Cycas riuminiana Porte ex Regel, Gartenfl. 12 (1863) 16; --de Laub., Blumea 43 (1998) 382; --Lindstrom et al., Telopea 12 (2008) 132. --Cycas circinalis L. ssp. riuminiana (Porte) J.Schust. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 99 (1932) 68; --Type: Regel 62.10 (K, lecto; Because of uncertainties on the status of this specimen as an authentic original material, Lindstrom et al. suggest designating this as neotype), cult. in Manila. --Cycas chamberlainii W.H.Brown & Kienholtz, PJS 26 (1925) 47; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 241; --P.M. Zamora & Co, Guide Philipp. Fl. and Fauna 2 (1986) 219; --Amoroso, PJS 115 (1986) 181; --Type: BS 42539 Brown & Kienholz (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, K, L, NY 2 sheets, P, US, iso), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Mt Arayat, 23-May-1923. Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela (Mt Dipalayag), Pampanga (Mt Arayat), Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River), Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, MINDORO. Understorey of lowland rain forests, forested areas on ridges and mountains, in closed mixed evergreen forests usually on steep slopes, also in disturbed areas, often on limestone, 0-1030m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Cycas sancti-lasallei, Agoo & Madulid, Blumea 57 (2012) 131; --Type: Agoo 10-085 (PNH, holo; DLSU, iso), Mindanao, Misamis Oriental, Cagayan de Oro, Cugman River Watershed, disturbed lowland forests, Mar-2010. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Cycas saxatilis K.D.Hill & A.Lindstr., Telopea 12 (2008) 128; --Type: SMHI 2035 Podzorski (L, holo), Palawan: St Paul’s Bay, major outcrop to SE, pendulous on limestone cliff face, 6-Apr-1984. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Known only from St Paul’s mountain massif, in crevices of vertical limestone cliffs with no soil. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Cycas vespertilio K.D.Hill & A.Lindstr., Telopea 12 (2008) 134; --Type: Lindstrom 06/008 (LBC, holo; NSW, BKF, iso), Panay: Iloilo prov., Barotac Viejo, Barangay Lipata, Sitio Nagpana, Mt Opao, 4-Mar-2006. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur (Panagan River), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Yagaw), MARINDUQUE (Torrijos, Bonliw, Talisay), PANAY: Iloilo (Barotac Viejo, Nagpana), NEGROS: Negros Oriental, CEBU, LEYTE: Leyte (Gigantangan), SAMAR. Hill forests, seasonally deciduous forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  10. Cycas wadei Merr., PJS 60 (1936) 234; --P.M. Zamora & Co, Guide Philipp. Fl. and Fauna 2 (1986) 222; --Amoroso, PJS 115 (1986) 183; --de Laub. & Adema, Blumea 43 (1998) 385; --Lindstrom et al., Telopea 12 (2008) 124; --Type: W.H.Brown s.n. (PNH, holo, lost; B, G, GH, K, L 2 sheets, MO 4 sheets, NY 4 sheets, iso), P. Culion Is. --Cycas cairnsiana auct. non F.Muell.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 1. Endemic to the Philippines. CULION. Seasonally dry Imperata grassland periodically subjected to fire. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  11. Cycas zambalensis Madulid & Agoo, Blumea 50 (2005) 519-522; --Lindstrom et al., Telopea 12 (2008) 138; --Type: PNH 173358 Madulid & Agoo (PNH, holo), Luzon: Zambales prov., San Antonio, Kawag, Bucao. Open grasslands on ultrabasic hills. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. Only known from the type locality. Seasonally dry hilly grassland over chromite-rich ultramafics, scattered. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Cultivated:

  1. Cycas revoluta Thunb., Nova Acta Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4 (1783) 40; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 65; EPFP 1 (1922) 1; --De Laub., Blumea 43 (1998) 384. Photos

Gnetaceae

Gnetum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Gnetum arboreum Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 174; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 7; --Markgraf, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 343. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  2. Gnetum gnemon L., Mant. 1 (1867) 125; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 7; --Markgraf, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 340.
    • var. gnemon. Fiji and Solomon Isls to Malesia, from Sumba and Sulawesi through the Philippines to New Guinea, the Malay Peninsula, and possibly elsewhere, often planted and frequently naturalized in secondary forests, even in W Malesia. Photos
  3. Gnetum gnemonoides Brongn. in Duperry, Voy. Bot. (1829) 12; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 7; --Markgraf, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 10 (1930) 480; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 344. New Hanover, Peninsular Malaysia (Taiping), Billiton, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Aru Isls), New Guinea. Absent from the outer arch of islands, viz. Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls. Photos
  4. Gnetum latifolium Blume, Tijd. Nat. Geschied. & Phys. 1 (1834) 160; --Markgraf, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 10 (1930) 458; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 342. --Gnetum indicum (Lour.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 77; EPFP 1 (1922) 7, in part.
    • var. latifolium.
      • forma latifolium. Philippines, New Guinea. Photos
    • var. longipes Markgraf, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 10 (1930) 459; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 342.
      • forma longipes. Indochina, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON.
    • var. laxifrutescens (Elmer) Markgraf, Bot. Jahrb. 60 (1925) 148; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 10 (1930) 463; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 342; --Gnetum laxifrutescens Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1478. Philippines, Moluccas (Kei & Tanimber Is).
    • var. minus (Foxw.) Markgraf, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 10 (1930) 463; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 343; --Gnetum minus Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 176; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 8. Indochina, Borneo (Sabah, Mt Kinabalu), Philippines, SE Sulawesi.

Pinaceae

Pinus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon, Loud. Gard. Mag. 16 (1840) 8; --de Laub., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 452. Photos
  2. Pinus merkusii Jungh. & Vriese, Pl. Nov. Ind. Bat. Orient. 5 (1845) t. 2; --S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 43; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 296; --Merr., For. Bur. Bull. Philip. 1 (1903) 15; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 169; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 6; --de Laub., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 451. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Podocarpaceae

Including Phyllocladaceae

Dacrycarpus (Endl.) de Laub.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Dacrycarpus cumingii (Parl.) de Laub., J. Arnold Arb. 50 (1969) 329; Kalikasan 7 (1978) 128; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 381; --Podocarpus cumingii Parl. in DC., Prodr. 16, 2 (1868) 521. N Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak), Philippines. LUZON, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO.
  2. Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laub., J. Arnold Arb. 50 (1969) 320; Kalikasan 7 (1978) 126; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 376; --Podocarpus imbricatus Blume, En. Pl. Jav. 1 (1827) 89. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Dacrycarpus steupii (Wasscher) de Laub., J. Arnold Arbor. 50 (1969) 328; --Podocarpus steupii Wasscher, Blumea 4 (1941) 405. Borneo, New Guinea, Sulawesi, ?Philippines.

Dacrydium Sol. ex G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Dacrydium beccarii Parl. in DC., Prodr. 16 (1868) 494; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 122; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 364. N Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (mainly W parts), Philippines, Moluccas (Taliabu), New Guinea (incl. Normanby and New Britain, Solomon Isls (Guadalcanal). Solomon Isls (Guadalcanal), New Guinea (including Normanby Is and New Britain), BILIRAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Photos
  2. Dacrydium elatum (Roxb.) Wall. ex Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 144; --Juniperus elata Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 838. China to W Malesia, Philippines. SUBUYAN.
  3. Dacrydium pectinatum de Laub., J. Arnold Arb. 50 (1969) 289; Kalikasan 7 (1978) 121; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 364. Hainan, Billiton, Borneo (including Karimata and Natuna Is), Philippines. LUZON: Sierra Madre, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Dacrydium xanthandrum Pilger, Bot. Jahrb. 69 (1938) 252; --de Laub., J. Arnold Arb. 50 (1969) 304; Kalikasan 7 (1978) 123; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 369. Borneo (Sabah, C Kalimantan, Sarawak), Philippines, CE Sulawesi, New Guinea (including New Britain), Solomon Isls (Bougainville). MINDORO (1 collection).

Falcatifolium de Laub.

Photos
  1. Falcatifolium gruezoi de Laub., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 373; --Type: Gruezo 4052 (L, holo), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon area, Paitan access. --Dacrydium falciforme auct. non (Parl.) Pilg.; --Foxw. ex Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 257; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 153; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 4. Moluccas (Obi), Sulawesi (Manado), Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Nueva Ecija, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao. Exposed sites along ridges or on borders of open areas, 1600-2200m. Photos

Nageia Gaertn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Nageia wallichiana (C.Presl) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 800; --de Laub., Blumea 32 (1987) 210; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 391; --Decussocarpus wallichianus (C.Presl) de Laub., J. Arnold Arb. 50 (1969) 349; Kalikasan 7 (1978) 131; --Podocarpus wallichianus C.Presl, Bot. Bemerk. (1844) 110. --Podocarpus blumei Endl., Syn. (1847) 208; --Foxw. PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 158; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 2. India (S extremity of the Deccan Peninsula, Assam), Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Yunnan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Banka Is, W Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores), Borneo (incl. Karimata Is), Philippines, N & C Sulawesi, Moluccas (Obi, Ternate, Morotai, Seram), New Guinea (incl. Meos Num, Biak, Japen, and Normanby Is). LUZON, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Phyllocladus Rich. ex Mirb.

Photos
  1. Phyllocladus hypophyllus Hook.f., Icon. Pl. (1852) t. 889; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 165; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 4; --Laubenf., Kalikasan Philipp. J. Biol. 7 (1978) 120; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 359. Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Ifugao (Mt Polis), Benguet, Isabela, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Lanao, Bukidnon (Mt Kitanglad), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo). In the mossy forest on the higher mountains, 1200-2400m. Photos

Podocarpus L’Hér. ex Pers.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Podocarpus costalis C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1849) 236; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 2; --de Laub., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 414; --Type: Haenke s.n. (PR, holo), Luzon, 1792. From northernmost Philippines to Ryukyu Isls. BATANES, BABUYAN ISLS, N LUZON. Coastal bluffs near sea-level to at least 300m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).  Photos
  2. Podocarpus glaucus Foxw., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 258; PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 159; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 3; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 138; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 411; --Type: Merrill 5672 (NY, syn), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. Solomon Isls, New Guinea (incl. Admiralty Isls), Moluccas (W Seram), Philippines. MINDORO. Photos
  3. Podocarpus hookeri de Laub., Novon 24 (2015) 140; --Type: from India. India to Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO (Mt Halcon). Conservation status: Least Concern (De Laubenfels 2015).
  4. Podocarpus lophatus de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 137; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 411; --Type: Curran & Merritt 9511 (US, holo; BO, K, NY, P, iso), Luzon: Mt. Tapulao, 1907. --Podocarpus brevifolius Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 160. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales (Mt Tapulao). Mossy forest, 1800m. Known only from the type locality. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Podocarpus macrocarpus de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 140; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 418; --Type: FB 10894 Curran (NY, holo; L, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Scattered and sometimes common in cloud forests, c. 2000-2100m. Note by L.L.Co: One collection reported at 700m is doubtful. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  6. Podocarpus neglectus Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 213; --Type: from Indonesia. Thailand and Hainan to Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, PALAWAN.
  7. Podocarpus neriifolius D.Don in Lamb., Pinus ed. 1, 2 (1824) 21; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 24; EPFP 1 (1922) 3, pro parte; --Foxw., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 258; --de Laub., Blumea 30 (1985) 266; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 400; --Type: from Nepal. Nepal to Vietnam, Sumatra to Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, PALAWAN, POLILLO.
  8. Podocarpus palawanensis de Laub. & Silba, Phytologia 64 (1988) 291; --Type: SMHI 1502 Ridsdale (L, holo), Palawan: Pagdanan Range, Ibangley Brookside Hill. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Synonym of Podocarpus rumphii Blume? Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  9. Podocarpus pilgeri Foxw., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 259; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 135; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 410; --Type: Merrill 5754 (NY, iso), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. --Podocarpus costalis auct. non C.Presl; --Foxw. PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 161. S China, Philippines, C Sulawesi, New Guinea. NEGROS: Negros Occidental, MINDANAO.
  10. Podocarpus polystachyus R.Br. ex Endl., Syn. Conif. (1847) 215; --Pilger, Pflanzenreich IV, 5, Heft 18 (1903) 79; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 394; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 161; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 137; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 417. --Podocarpus neriifolius auct. non D.Don; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 3. Southernmost tip of Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Riouw-Lingga & Banka Isls, Borneo (W Kalimantan, Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah), Philippines, Moluccas (Obi, Waigeo), W New Guinea (Vogelkop Peninsula). LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Tayabas, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Podocarpus ramosii R.R.Mill, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63 (2006) 81. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Mt Banahaw. --Podocarpus rotundus de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 136, nom. illeg., non Bocharn.; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 411; --Type: BS 19581 Ramos (L, iso), Luzon: Mt Banahaw. E Borneo (Mt Beratus near Balikpapan), Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Banahaw), Quezon (Mt Banahaw de Lucban). Stunted mossy forest up to 2200m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  12. Podocarpus rumphii Blume, Rumphia 3 (1847) 214; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 164; --de Laub., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 141; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 415. --Podocarpus philippinensis Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 163; --Type: BS 5174 Foxworthy (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Limay Peak. Hainan, Peninsular Malaysia, S C Java (Nusa Kambangan), Bawean Is, Borneo (incl. Selangan Is), Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores, Timor), Moluccas (Obi, Weda, Aru Isls), New Guinea (incl. Misool & Numfoor Is). LUZON, ?PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Prumnopitys Phil. = Sundacarpus (Philippine species)

Sundacarpus (J.Buchholz & N.E.Gray) C.N.Page

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

No Photos
  1. Sundacarpus amarus (Blume) C.N.Page, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45 (1989) 378; --Prumnopitys amara (Blume) de Laub., Blumea 24 (1978) 190; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 385; --Podocarpus amara Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. (1827) 88; --Foxw. PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 159; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 2. Sumatra (C-N, Batak region, S Palembang), Borneo (Sabah), Java, Philippines, C & SW Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor, Flores, W Sumbawa, Lombok), Moluccas (Buru, Halmaheira, Morotai), New Guinea (including New Britain and New Ireland), NE coastal Queensland.

Taxaceae

Taxus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2017

Photos
  1. Taxus wallichiana Zucc., Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3 (1843) 803; --Foxw., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 166; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 5. --Taxus obscura Spjut, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1 (2007) 235. --Taxus sumatrana (Miq.) Laubenf., Kalikasan 7 (1978) 151; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 349; --Cephalotaxus sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2 (1858) 1076. E Himalayas, N Myanmar, SE China, Taiwan, S Vietnam, Sumatra, Philippines, C and SW Sulawesi. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Laguna-Quezon (Mt Banahaw), MINDANAO: Davao. Moist subtropical forests and tropical highland ridges and mossy forests in the canopyand locally dominant; 1400-2300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11 as Taxus sumatrana (Miq.) de Laub.). Photos

Acknowledgements

Eugene Lorence R. Logatoc and Leon Alberto Sibal kindly contributed some of the photographs on this webpage.


Literature


Agoo, EMG & DA Madulid. 2012. Cycas sancti-lasallei (Cycadaceae), a new species from the Philippines. Blumea 57: 131-133


Biffin, E, JG Conran & A Lowe. 2010. Podocarp evolution: a molecular phylogenetic perspective. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 95: 1-20


DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

De-Zhu Li. 1997. A reassessment of Pinus subgen. Pinus in China. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 54: 337-349.

Earle, CJ. 1997 onwards. The gymnosperm database

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Last updated 4 November 2017