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Loganiaceae

Couthovia A.Gray = Neuburgia

Cynoctonum J.F.Gmel. = Mitreola

Geniostoma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Photos
  1. Geniostoma rupestre JR & G Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. (1776) 12, t. 12; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 371, Fig. 36i. --Geniostoma batanense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. --Geniostoma brevipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. --Geniostoma cumingianum Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 97; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma fasciculata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 190. --Geniostoma laxum Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2746; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma lancilimbum Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma longipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma mindanaense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2747. --Geniostoma nigrescens (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma pachyphyllum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 448; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma philippinensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 259. --Geniostoma pulgarense Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1808; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma stenophyllum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. Across Malesia (except Peninsular Malaysia) to Australia (E Queensland) and W Pacific (at least as far N as the Marianas and as far E as Samoa). Photos

Mitrasacme Labill.

No Photos
  1. Mitrasacme indica Wight, Icon. 4, 4 (May 1850) 15, t. 1601; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 384, Fig. 44 (Map). --Mitrasacme alsinioides (non R Br., 1810) Merr. EPFP 3 (1923) 311. --Oldenlandia brachyphylla Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 448; --Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 705 (US, poss. isotype; not cited in the original publication). Sri Lanka, India (Deccan Peninsula), Myanmar, N Vietnam, coastal regions of S & E China, Hainan, Taiwan, Korea (Chemulpo), Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Peninsular Thailand (Surat; Puket), Sumatra (W coast), Peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan), Java, Madura, Kangean Isls, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba), Philippines, SW Sulawesi, S New Guinea,  Australia (Northern Territory; Queensland). LUZON.
  2. Mitrasacme pygmaea R Br., Prodr. (1810) 453; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 382, Fig. 42-43. --Mitrasacme nudicaulis Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 849; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. --Mitrasacme alsinioides (non R Br.) Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 116.

Mitreola L.

Photos
  1. Mitreola petiolata (Walt.) Torr. & Gray, Fl. North Am. 2 (1846) 45; --Merr., PJS 11 (1916, publ. 1917) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 311; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, x (19xx) xxx, addend. & corr. --Cynoctonum mitreola (L.) Britt., Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5 (1894) 258; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 375, Fig. 37f-h. SE United States, C & tropical South America, SE Asia from India (Mumbai) to N Vietnam, Peninsular Thailand, N Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Langkawi Isls, Java, Bawean, Kangean Isls, Bali, Timor, Tanimbar Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Buton Is, New Guinea, N Australia (Arnhem Land). Introduced in the Caroline Isls (Yap; Palau). LUZON, MINDORO, BOHOL. Bound to areas subject to a dry season. Fl. at the end of the rainy season. Photos (non-Philippine)

Neuburgia Blume

Photos
  1. Neuburgia celebica (Koord.) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 367, Fig. 34h; --Couthovia celebica Koord., Meded Lands. Plant. 19 (1898) 537; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, S New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Isls, Carolines (Palau). MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Lowlands up to 400m, in both dry and swampy sites, along riverbanks. Fl. mainly Jan-May, fr. Mar, Jul. Photos

Norrisia Gardner

Photos
  1. Norrisia malaccensis Gardn. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 1 (1849) 327; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 341, Fig. 26g, I; --Wong & Sugau, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 2 (1996) 221, Fig. 7. --Norrisia philippinensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1482; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia (S half), Philippines. SIBUYAN, MINDANAO. Photos

Strychnos L.

Photos
  1. Strychnos angustiflora Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1856) 102. --Strychnos nux-vomica auct. non L., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 349, only as to Philippine specimens. China (Guangdong, Hongkong), Hainan, Thailand, S Vietnam, Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Puerto Galera Bay). Along the coast above tide level. Fr. Apr. Once collected in the Philippines.
  2. Strychnos axillaris Colebr., Trans, Linn. Soc. 12 (1819) 356, t. 15; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358, Fig. 30g. --Strychnos cenabrei Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 433; EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos impressinervis AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos wenzelii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 202; EPFP 3 (1923) 313. --Strychnos tesseroidea AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 206; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. India (Assam) through Thailand and S Vietnam, throughout Malesia to Australia (E Queensland). Photos
  3. Strychnos ignatii Berg., Mat. Med. 1 (1778) 146; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 347, Fig. 28a-j. Hainan, Vietnam, Sumatra (Palembang), Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland dipterocarp or mixed forests, sometimes along riverbanks. Fl. Jan-Sept, fr. Jan-Dec. Fruits reportedly eaten by monkeys and civet cats.
  4. Strychnos lanata AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 299, fig. (1917) 165; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. MINDANAO. Rainforest along river, altitude 350-700m. Fl. Sept.
  5. Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332, pro parte majore, excl.  Elmer 15571, which is =S minor; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312, pro parte majore, excl. Elmer 8251 & 15571 [S. lucbanensis Elmer =S. minor]; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. LUZON: Quezon. Known only from the type. Humid forest, altitude 500m. Fl. May.
  6. Strychnos minor Dennst., Schloess. Hort. Malab. (1818) 33; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, x (19xx) xxx, add. & corr. --Strychnos dubia AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 298, fig., (1917) 156; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332, pro parte minore, quoad Elmer 15571; EPFP 3 (1923) 312, pro parte minore, quoad Elmer 8251 & 15571 (S. lucbanensis Elmer). --Strychnos merrillii AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 297, fig., (1917) 161; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos multiflora Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 102; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos colubrina auct. non L., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355, Fig. 31. --Strychnos similis AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 38, ibid. (1917) 153; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Sri Lanka, India, S Vietnam, Sumatra, Simalur Is, Peninsular Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Isls (Flores), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Isls, Australia (NE Queensland). Fl. mainly Jul-Nov, fr. Jan-Dec. Photos
  7. Strychnos oleifolia AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 156; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 353. PALAWAN. Possibly also in Luzon. Lowland forests. Fl. May.
  8. Strychnos ovata AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1909) 360; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 351, Fig. 30a-f. --Strychnos panayensis AW Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 148, fig.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Hainan, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia (Penang Is), Borneo, Philippines, N Sulawesi. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON, MINDORO, CALAMIANES, PLAWAN, TICAO, PANAY. Lowland thickets and forests, along riverbanks, up to c. 250m. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Feb, May. 

Acknowledgements

Ernecliff Jumawid and Benigno Resurreccion kindly provided some of the photos on this webpage.

Literature

Conn, BJ. 1980. A taxonomic revision of Geniostoma subgen. Geniostoma (Loganiaceae). Blumea 26: 245-264

Leenhouts, PW. 1962. Loganiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 293-387; idem 1, 9 (1982) 567-568

Wong, KM and JB Sugau. 1996. Loganiaceae. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 2: 189-224.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 3 October 2015