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Musaceae

Ensete Bruce ex Horan.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 August 2017

Photos
  1. Ensete glaucum (Roxb.) Cheeseman, Kew Bull. 2 (1948) 101; --Musa glauca Roxb., Pl. Coromandel. 3 (1819) t. 300; --Teodoro, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 387; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 221. Photos
  2. Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2 (1948) 101; --Musa ventricosa Welw., Apont. (1859) 587. --Ensete edule Bruce ex Horan., Prodr. Monogr. Scitam. (1862) 40. --Musa ensete Gmel., Syst. Nat. 13(2) (1791) 567. Indigenous in Africa. Not naturalized.

Musa L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2017

Photos
  1. Musa acuminata Colla, Mem. Gen. Musa 25 (1820) 66. --Musa cavendishii I.M.Lamb ex Paxton var. hawaiiensis Teodoro, PJS 10 c (1915) 410.
  2. Musa × alinsanaya R.V.Valmayor in Valmayor et al., Philip. Agric. Scientist 87 (2004) 117; --Type: Lelita Gonzal VH 1280 (Leyte State University, Botanical Herbarium, holo), Leyte: Baybay, Leyte State University, Musa Germplasm Bank, 10-Jul-2003. The name was published illegitimately twice (Valmayor 2001: 330; Valmayor et al. 2002: 240) (McNeill et al. 2006: Art. 37.7), since the holotype was not indicated. Valmayor’s (2001) description is based upon a putative hybrid M. banksii × textilis, characterised by Brewbaker & Gorrez (1956: 263). The plant was taken into the cultivation from Philippines (Valmayor 2001). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Musa balbisiana Colla, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino 25 (1820) 384. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines. Photos
  4. Musa coccinea Andrews, Botanist’s Repository 1 (1797) 343. --Musa uranoscopos Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 645, nom. superfl. Native of SE Asia. Introduced and occasionally planted on account of its very showy red bracts.
  5. Musa × paradisiaca L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1043; --Teodoro, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 412; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 154; EPFP 1 (1922) 221. --Musa nigra Perr., Mém.  Soc. Linn. Paris 3 (1825) 131. Plantain or cooking bananas. A number of forms or varieties occur in the Philippines, which from a species standpoint are hardly discerned from Musa sapientum L., the bananas. Blanco (1837), Teodoro (1915) and Quisumbing (1919) have attempted to document all these entities in the Philippines. These were subsequently summarized by Merrill (1922) and a few others. Photos
  6. Musa × sapientum L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1303; --Teodoro, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 393; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 222; --Musa x paradisiaca L. ssp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1892) 692. --Musa × chapara Perr., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3 (1825) 131, described from material of Philippine origin, type unknown and diagnosis is too poor to allow identification, Musa chapara has been regarded as a synonym of Musa sapientum L. (Schumann 1900; Champion 1967). The familiar table bananas, usually distinguished from the plantains (Musa paradisiaca L.) in the consistency and character of the mature fruits. Musa sapientum has been repeatedly shown to represent Musa cultivars (AB, AAB, ABB group). Therefore all infraspecific taxa described represent various cultivars, unless otherwise shown. According to Simmonds (1960), Linnaeus originally applied the name M. sapientum to the “Silk fig” (AAB group). Photos
  7. Musa textilis Nées, Anal Cienc. Nat. 4 (1801) 123; --Teodoro, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 388; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 227; --Type not found and requires neotypification. --Musa mindanaensis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1859) 588; --Musa sylvestris mindanensis Rumph., Herb. Amboin. (1747) 139. Endemic to the Philippines. Extensively cultivated in the wetter parts of the Philippines. Abaca or Manila hemp. The species is variable, and sundry forms have distinctive local names. Photos
  8. Musa troglodytarum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1478. --Musa uranoscopos Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 645, nom. superfl. Cultivated. Not naturalized.

Acknowledgments

Racquel Tan Chua-Barcelo and Gina S. Mapua kindly contributed some of the photos on this webpage.

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1968. Flora of Java 3: 35-38.

Häkkinen, M & H Väre. 2008. Typification and checklist of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia, ser. 3, 30(1): 63-112. 

Quisumbing EA. 1919. Studies of Philippine bananas. Philippine Agricultural Review 12: 9-90.

Teodoro, NG. 1915. A preliminary study of Philippine bananas. Philippine Journal of Science 10, section c (Botany): 379-419.

Väre, H & M Häkkinen. 2011. Typification and check-list of Ensete Horan. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia 33: 191-200.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 November 2017