banner small

Myristicaceae

Endocomia W.J.de Wilde

Photos
  1. Endocomia macrocoma (Miq.) W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 30 (1984) 182, 184, Fig. 2i; 3d; 41 (1996) 375; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 32, Fig. 3i, 4d. Photos

Gymnacranthera (A.DC.) Warb.

Photos
  1. Gymnacranthera farquhariana (Hook.f. & Thomson) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 365, t. 20; --RTA Schouten, Blumea 31 (1986) 476, Fig. 7; --W.J.de Wilde, Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 44. Photos

Horsfieldia Willd.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 February 2016

Photos
  1. Horsfieldia ardisiifolia (A.DC.) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 274; --W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 28 (1975) 3; ibid., 38, 1 (1985) 72, Fig. 9; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 90, Fig. 10. --Horsfieldia warburgiana Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1061; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 183; --Type: Elmer 12297. --Horsfieldia gigantifolia Elmer, LPB 9 (1925) 3120, 3129, nom. nud. LUZON, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland forest in moist valleys, 0-400m alt. Fl. & fr. throughout the year.
  2. Horsfieldia costulata (Miq.) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 350; --W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 39 (1986) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 105. --Horsfieldia megacarpa Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 286; EPFP 2 (1923) 182; --Type: BS 16527 Ramos. --Horsfieldia confertiflora Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 285; EPFP 2 (1923) 182; --Type: FB 3183 Ahern’s Collector. Sulawesi and the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, LEYTE, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Misamis. Mixed rain forest, primary dipterocarp forest; recorded from alluvial soil and volcanic soil, with Eucalyptus deglupta dominance; 250-1200 m altitude. Photos
  3. Horsfieldia irya (Gaertn.) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 317 (incl. var. or forma ceylanica, javanica, malayana, moluccana, siamensis, wallichii), t. 22; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 16 (1958) 382, Fig. 33, pl. 19A; ibid. 28 (1975) 61; --W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 38, 1 (1985) 55, Fig. 6; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 132, Fig. 20. --Horsfieldia acuminata Merr., PJS 17 (‘1920’, 1921) 253; EPFP 2 (1923)181; --Type: FB 27507 de Mesa. Sri Lanka, Andaman & Nicobar Isls, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo, C(?), S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Caroline Isls.
  4. Horsfieldia obscura W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 39 (1) (1986) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 153; --Type from Borneo (E Kalimantan). Borneo (E Kalimantan; possibly Sarawak), Philippines. PALAWAN.
  5. Horsfieldia obscurinervia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 265; EPFP 2 (1923) 182; --W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 38, 1 (1985) 71; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 154; --Type: FB 26503 de Mesa & Magistrado. --Horsfieldia ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (‘1920’, 1921) 254; EPFP 2 (1923) 182; --Type: BS 35047 Ramos. LUZON. Low hills, altitude c. 20m. Fl. Jul; fr. Nov, Dec.
  6. Horsfieldia polyspherula (Hook.f.) J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 16 (1958) 422, Fig. 47, pl. XII-B; 28 (1975) 101, p.p. for the type variety only; --W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 39 (1986) 17; Blumea 41(1996) 381; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 169.
  7. Horsfieldia romblonensis W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 47 (2002) 355; --Type: PP1 (Stone, Reynoso & Fernando) 6782 (L, holo; PNH, iso), Romblon. ROMBLON. Lowland forest on red-brown soil over ultra-basic.
  8. Horsfieldia samarensis W.J.de Wilde, Gard. Bull. Sing. 38, 1 (1985) 76; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 182; --Type: PNH 147374 Gutierrez et al. (L, holo), Samar: Eastern Samar prov., Mt Apoy, 600-800ft, May-1969. SAMAR: Eastern Samar (Mt Apoy). Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection.

Knema Lour.

Photos
  1. Knema alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) 288; EPFP 2 (1923) 183; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 437; Fl.Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 243; --Type: FB 22395 Alvarez (L, iso), FB 22397 (US, isosyntype), Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov., Mt Macasandal. 10-Feb-1911. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (Mt Macasandal). Lower and montane forests, possibly on ultramafics, up to 850m. Fl. Feb., Fr. May. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from two collections.
  2. Knema cinerea (Poir.) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 611, t. 25; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 18 (1961) 169, Fig. 3A-G (p.p., for var. cinerea only); --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 457; ibid. 32 (1987) 129; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 249; --Type from Pulau Buton, SE off Sulawesi. Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Tanimbar), Sulawesi, Moluccas (Sula Isls, Banda), and the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, FB 23328. Note by L.L.Co: Known in the Philippines only from this single collection.
  3. Knema glomerata (Blanco) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. no. 76 (1917) 81; EPFP 2 (1923) 183; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 18 (1961) 219, Fig. 11, map 9 (p.p., excl. syn. Knema stenocarpa Warb.; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 437; ibid. 32 (1987) 125; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 249; --Sterculia glomerata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 764; --Neotype: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 504. --Knema acuminata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 256; EPFP 2 (1923) 183; --Type: FB 11266 Klemme. --Knema glauca Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 183, pro parte, non (Blume) Warb. --Knema vidalii Warb. Seram, Borneo (Sarawak), Philippines. BATAN, BABUYAN ISLS (CALAYAN, CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Apayao, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Albay, Sorsogon, POLlLLO, ALABAT, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MARINDUQUE, SIBUYAN, TICAO, PANAY: Capiz, Aklan, Iloilo, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, CEBU, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR (Catarman, Mt Cansayao), TAWI-TAWI., BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Cotabato (Carmen), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo; Sta Cruz), Davao Oriental (Mati), Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Common in primary and degraded lowland and medium altitude forests, 0-600m. Fl. throughout the year; fr. June-Dec. Photos
  4. Knema korthalsii Warb. Mon. Myrist. (1897) 557., --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 18 (1961) 232, Fig. 13; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 428; ibid. 43 (1998) 242; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 274. –Type from Borneo (Kalimantan). Knema insularis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 394; --Type: BS 44288 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso). Tawi-tawi: damp forest at low altitude, 24-Jul-1924. --Knema cenabrei Merr. & Quisumb., PJS 37 (1928) 144, pl. 3; --Type: FB 29973 Cenabre (NY, iso), Dumaran Is, along Linuatan Creek, damp forest at low alt., 28-Jul-1925. --Knema mindanaensis Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 184, pro parte, excl. type, auct. non (Warb.) Merr. Borneo, Philippines. DUMARAN, PALAWAN (Taytay: Ibangley; Lake Manguao; San Vicente: Pagdanan Range; Puerto Princesa: Cabayugan), BALABAC, TAWI-TAWI, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests. Fl. May-June; fr. May-Oct.
  5. Knema kunstleri (King) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 568, t. 25.
  6. Knema latericia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1815; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 183; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 16 (1958) 278, Fig. 3, pl. 2A; ibid. 18 (1961) 238, Fig. 15B, C, G, excl. var. lunduensis J.Sinclair; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 395; ibid. 43 (1998) 245; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 284; --Type: Elmer 12757, Palawan.
  7. Knema ridsdaleana W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 41 (1996) 392; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 335; --Type: Ridsdale ISU 451 (PNH, holo; L, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., Palanan, Digallorin (=Digollorin), Divinisa Camp site, 16 50’N, 122 26’E. Forest on ultrabasic, streamside forest, altitude 50m, 9-Apr-1992. LUZON: Isabela (Palanan). Streamside forest over ultramafics, c. 50m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection.
  8. Knema stellata Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 182; EPFP 2 (1923) 184; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 471; ibid. 27 (1981) 234; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 343; --Type: BS 24276 Ramos, Samar.
  9. Knema stenocarpa Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 577, pro parte, only the fruiting collection, not the male specimens; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 184; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 436; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 345; --Syntypes: Warburg 13303, 13303a, Mindanao. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Davao. Primary and degraded forests, altitude 300-500m. Fl. & fr. throughout the year.
  10. Knema tomentella (Miq.) Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 588, t. 25; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 18 (1961) 277, Fig. 24, map 18, pro parte, excl. syn. K. laurina var. minahassae, K. stellata, K. alvarezii; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 25 (1979) 438; ibid. 41 (1996) 394; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 351; --Type from Moluccas (Ambon). E-C Philippines, Sulawesi (N, SW, & E Peninsula), Moluccas (Morotai; Halmahera; Bacan; Obi; Buru; Seram, Ambon), W New Guinea (Bird’s Head peninsula). SAMAR.

Myristica Gronov.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 February 2016

Photos
  1. Myristica agusanensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2775; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 178; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 218, Fig. 17, pro parte; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 146; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 405; --Type: Elmer 13284 (L, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. --Myristica laxiflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 254; EPFP 2 (1923) 179; --Type: BS 15498 Reillo (L, NY, US, iso), Basilan. Aug-1912. --Myristica sorsogonensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 178, in obs. sub Myristica agusanensis Elmer, nom. nud. ; --Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3809, not validly published, no Latin descr.; --Voucher: Elmer 16010 (L, NY), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, May-1916. --Myristica laevis ssp. badia W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 172; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 509; --Type: Rojo 159(L, holo), Mindanao: Surigao del Sur prov., Lanuza. Hillside forest, altitude 400m, Oct/Nov-1972.
  2. Myristica basilanica W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 148; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 411; --Type: FB 18929 Miranda (L, US, iso), Basilan, Aug/Sep-1912. BASILAN. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Flowers and mature fruits in Aug.-Sept.
  3. Myristica cagayanensis Merr., PJS 17 (‘Sept. 1920’, 1921) 255; EPFP 2 (1923) 178; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 18 (1961) 226; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 154; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 426; --Myristica ceylanica A.DC. var. cagayanensis (Merr.) J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 442, 444; --Type: Bernardo 24277 (PNH, lost). LUZON, Cagayan prov. S tip of Taiwan mainland, Lanyu, Lutao and the Philippines. BATAN and LUZON: Cagayan. Forest of mountain slopes in coastal areas. Fl. & fr. throughout the year.
  4. Myristica cinnamomoea King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. Calc. 3 (1891) 292, pl. 116; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 156; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 431; --Type from Peninsular Malaysia. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, rare in the Philippines. MINDANAO (according to W.J.de Wilde (2000) no material seen by him).
  5. Myristica colindridsdalei W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 156; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 434; --Type: Ridsdale at al. ISU 499 (L, holo), Luzon: Isabela prov., Palanan, Dimapnat, 17º 09’N, 122º 24’E. Forest on ultrabasic, high canopy forest on low coastal hills, altitude 50m, 15-Apr-1992. LUZON: Isabela (Palanan). Forest on ultramafics, low stature forest with many large-girth trees, streamside forests, or high cnopy forest on low coastal hills; locally common on coastal flat, riverine areas; c. 50m alt. Fl & fr. Apr.
  6. Myristica cumingii Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 442, t. 13; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 178; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 154; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 446; --Type: Cuming 1570 (G-DC, hololecto; G-Boissier, B, FI, K, L, LE, M, P, W, isolecto). --Myristica mindorensis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 281; EPFP 2 (1923) 179; --Type: Merrill 3698. --Myristica nitida Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 282; EPFP 2 (1923) 179 =Myristica alvarezii Merr., nom. ined; --Type: FB 22199 Alvarez. --Myristica ceylanica A.DC. var. ceylanica auct. non A.DC., pro parte; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 437, Fig. 77, for the Philippine material. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, TICAO, NEGROS, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Surigao. Lowland forests, ascending to 850m. Common. Fl. mainly May to Aug., fr. throughout the year. Photos
  7. Myristica fatua Houtt., Nat. Hist. Pl. 2 (3) (1774) 337; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 268, pro parte; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 35 (1990) 242, Fig. 1:3; ibid. 40 (1995) 279; ibid. 42 (1997) 166; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 460, Fig. 61d, 64c, d; --Lectotype: Clusius, Tab. 14. --Myristica plumeriifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1063; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 180; --Type: Elmer 11063, Mindanao. Photos
  8. Myristica frugifera W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 166; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 472; --Type: Ridsdale 1219 (L, iso), Mindoro. LUZON, MINDORO, LEYTE. Understorey tree of primary and disturbed lowland forest, 0-500m. fr. Feb., June.
  9. Myristica guateriifolia A.DC., Ann. Sc. Nat. 4, 4 (1855) 20, t. 4 (‘guateriaefolia’); --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 16 (1958) 350, Fig. 25; ibid. 23 (1968) 213; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 168; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 483; --Type: Cuming 1582, Luzon: Batangas. Burma, possibly Thailand, S Vietnam (Pulau Condor), Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Nunukan, Philippines, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali). BABUYAN ISLS and N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO.
  10. Myristica iners Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 575; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 168; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 493. Cambodia, Thailand; Malesia: Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo and possibly Philippines. Philippine record, fide W.J.de Wilde (2000), is based on Wenzel 3537 (K, immature fr.) which agrees with specimens from NE Borneo. Its locality however is remarkable, far from main distributional area of the species.
  11. Myristica laevis W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 170; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 508; --Type: PNH 118091 Gutierrez (L, holo), Samar: Mt Sohoton, Pesikohon site, no altitude cited, Apr-1970.
  12. Myristica longipetiolata W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 173; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 515; --Type: PNH 21548 Sulit (L, holo), Biliran: Mt Suiro, N slope, altitude 830m. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, BILIRAN (Mt Suiro). Sloping forests, c. 800m. Fr. Apr-May, Jul-Aug, Dec.
  13. Myristica mindanaensis Warb., Mon. Myrist. (1897) 497, t. 13; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 35 (1990) 249, Fig. 1:9; 42 (1997) 178; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 529, FIG. 64 l; --Type: Warburg 13300 (L, iso), Mindanao. Moluccas (Morotai) and S Philippines. MINDANAO:
  14. Myristica nivea Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 179; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 178; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 532; --Type: FB 3454 Hutchinson (US, iso), Basilan: 14-Dec-1905. Moluccas (Talaud), S Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests. Fl. Dec, fr. Oct-Nov, Mar. Photos
  15. Myristica philippensis Lam., Hist. Acad. Roy. Sc. Paris (for 1788) (1761) 161; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 179; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 138, Fig. 3, 4; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 179; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 541; --Type: Sonnerat s.n., Philippines, not further localized. Throughout the Philippines (except Palawan). Primary lowland forests up to c. 400m. Fl. & fr. possibly throughout the year.
  16. Myristica pilosigemma W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 179; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 543; --Type: PNH 118078 Gutierrez (L, holo), Samar: Western Samar prov., Mt Sohoton. Along trail, altitude 1800ft., Apr-1970. SAMAR: Western Samar (Mt Sohoton), MINDANAO. Along trail, c. 600m. Fl. Apr, fr. Jun-Jul.
  17. Myristica rubrinervis W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 180; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 14 (2000) 554; --Type: Ridsdale SMHI 258 (L, holo), Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Beaufort, W spur, altitude 815m, 29-Mar-1984.
  18. Myristica simiarum A.DC., Ann. Sc. Nat. 4, 4 (1855) 29; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 180; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 35 (1990) 254; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 568, Fig. 86a-e; --Myristica elliptica Wall. ex  Hook.f. & Thomson var. simiarum (A.DC.) J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 16 (1958) 356; ibid. 23 (1968) 62 (key), 190 Fig. 12; --Type: Callery 34, Luzon: “Manilla”. Photos
  19. Myristica umbellata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1816; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 180; --J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 174, Fig. 10; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 188; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 600, Fig. 60c; --Syntypes: Elmer 12820 (male, L, MO, NY, SING, US, ), Palawan: Palaawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (=Thumb Peak), forested ridge, 1000ft, Mar-1911; Elmer 13166 (fr., L, NY, US), Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, on trail to Napsan, altitude 750ft, May-1911. PALAWAN: Mt Pulgar (=Thumb Peak) and vicinity. Low canopy lowland and montane forest (with Agathis celebica), also on limestone and ultramafic alluvial deposits, 50-800m. Fl. Mar, fr. Apr, May.
  20. Myristica wenzelii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 180; ; --W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42 (1997) 188; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 14 (2000) 615; --Myristica fatua Houtt. var. wenzelii (Merr.) J.Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Sing. 23 (1968) 309, Fig. 40; --Type: Wenzel 1152 (MO, iso), Leyte: Masaganap near Jaro, in forests, altitude 700m, Sep-1914. LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Low elevation forests. Fl. Oct, fr. Oct-Mar.

Literature

Sinclair, J. 1958. Gardens Bulletin Singapore 16: 205-470, pl. 1-14.

Sinclair, J. 1961. Gardens Bulletin Singapore 18: 102-

Sinclair, J. 1958. The genus Gymnacranthera (Myristicaceae) in Malaysia. Garden’s Bulletin Singapore 17 (1958) 96-120.

Schouten, RTA. 1986. Revision of the genus Gymnacranthera (Myristicaceae). Blumea 31: 451-486


Wilde, WJJO de. 1979. New account of the genus Knema (Myristicaceae). Blumea 25: 321-478


Wilde, WJJO de. 1981. Supplementary data on Malesian Knema (Myristicaceae) including three new taxa. Blumea 27: 223-234


Wilde, WJJO de. 1984. Endocomia, a new genus of Myristicaceae. Blumea 30: 173-196

Wilde, WJJO de. 1985. A new account of the genus Horsfieldia (Myristicaceae), part 1. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 37: 115-179; part. 2. ibid. 38 (1985) 55-144; part 3. ibid. 38 (1985) 185-226; part. 4. ibid. 39 (1985) 1-65.

Wilde, WJJO de. 1987. Further supplementary data on Malesian Knema (Myristicaceae). Blumea 32: 115-141


Wilde, WJJO de. 1996. Additional notes on species of the Asian genera Endocomia, Horsfieldia, and Knema (Myristicaceae). Blumea 41: 375-396

Wilde, WJJO de. 1997. Notes on Southeast Asian and Malesian Myristica and description of new taxa (Myristicaceae). With keys arranged per geographical area (New Guinea excepted). Blumea 42: 111-190

Wilde, WJJO de. 1998. More notes on Knema and Myristica (Myristicaceae). Blumea 43: 241-254


Wilde, WJJO de. 2000. Myristicaceae. Flora Malesiana ser. 1, 14: 1-632

Wilde, WJJO de. 2002. Additions to Asian Myristicaceae: Endocomia, Gymnacranthera, Horsfieldia, Knema, and Myristica. Blumea 47: 347-362

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 24 April 2017