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Orchidaceae

Genera A to C

Including Apostasiaceae

Abdominea J.J.Sm. = Robiquetia

Acampe Lindl.

No Photos
  1. Acampe rigida (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) PF Hunt, Kew Bull. 24 (1970) 98; --Aerides rigidum Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. in A Rees, Cycl. 39 (1818) 12.

Acanthephippium Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2016

Photos
  1. Acanthephippium sp. aff. javanicum Blume, Bijdr.(1825) 354; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 148. PALAWAN. A. javanicum Blume in Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo.
  2. Acanthephippium mantinianum L. Linden & Cogn., J. des Orch. 7 (1896) 138; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 330; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 20. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Laguna, Cavite, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Quezon and Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, NEGROS. Wet places and shaded spots, 500-1500m. Photos
  3. Acanthephippium pictum Fukuyama, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 49 (1935) 666. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR.
  4. Acanthephippium sylhetense Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1831) 177. Occurrence in the Philippines doubtful.

Acanthophippium = Acanthephippium (orthographic variant)

Acoridium Nees & Meyen = Dendrochilum

Acriopsis Reinw. ex Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Acriopsis floribunda Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 306; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 398; --Acriopsis liliifolia var. floribunda (Ames) Minderhoud & de Vogel, Orchid Monogr. 1 (1986) 13, Fig. 1d-e; --Type: BS 35112 Ramos & Pascasio (AMES, holo; AMES, K, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE. Photos
  2. Acriopsis indica Wight, Icon. 51 (1852) 20, t. 1748, Fig. 1; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 398. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Nueva Ecija, Quezon. Epiphyte up to 1000m.
  3. Acriopsis liliifolia (J Koenig) Seidenf., Opera Bot. 124 (1995) 58; --Epidendrum liliifolium J Koenig in AJ Retzius, Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 61. Photos

Adenoncos Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2016

Photos
  1. Adenoncos virens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 381. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines. MINDANAO. Photos

Adenostylis Blume = Zeuxine, Rhomboda

Aerides Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2016

Photos
  1. Aerides augustiana Rolfe, Lindenia 5 (1889) 39, t. 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 420. “Discovered in the Philippines by Auguste Linden; no specimen seen” –Ames in Merr. (1925) 420. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Aerides burbidgei Rchb.f. ex Burb., Gardens of the Sun (1880) 343. Philippines.
  3. Aerides inflexa Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 24 (1862) 324. --Aerides bernhardianum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 24 (1885) 1650. Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Photos
  4. Aerides jarckianum Schltr., Orchis 9 (1915) 53, t. 5, Fig. 15-21; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 420. --Aerides jarckianum var. smithii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1933) 457, nom. inval. Aerides jarckianum forma album Valmayor & D Tiu in HL Valmayor, Orchid. Philip. 1 (1984) 86. LUZON, based on Jarck sn. No specimen seen by Ames. Reported to have been collected near the “Lagune von Manila”. 
  5. Aerides lawrenceae Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 20 (1883) 307, 368, 460; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 420; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 21. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Epiphyte up to 500m. Photos
  6. Aerides leeana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 15 (1881) 656; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 22. Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, Cavite, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, SAMAR. Epiphytic at c. 800m. Photos
  7. Aerides magnifica Cootes & W.Suarez, Orchideen Journal 21 (2014) 126; --Type: J. Cootes s.n. (NSW821691), Cult. Australia, 26-May-2014, from Babuyan Isls., Calayan. Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CALAYAN). Epiphyte. Photos
  8. Aerides migueldavidii Cootes, Cabactulan & Naive, OrchideenJournal 23 (2016) 159; --Type: M.D. De Leon 023/2016 (CMU00010812, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, ex cult., 25-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Epiphyte, 20-320m. Photos
  9. Aerides odorata Lour., Fl. Cochin. 2 (1790) 525; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 420; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 23. Photos
  10. Aerides quinquevulnera Lindl., Sert. Orch. 6 (1838) t. 30; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 421; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 23. Papua New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines. Throughout Philippines: LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Zambales, MINDORO, NEGROS. A common species in and about Rizal at relatively low elevation. Epiphyte 300-2000m. Photos
  11. Aerides roebelenii Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 21 (1884) 510. Endemic to the Philippines.
  12. Aerides savageana Sander ex Veitch, Man. Orchid. Pl. 7 (1891) 78. Endemic to the Philippines.
  13. Aerides shibatiana Boxall ex Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 13A (1880) 239. Endemic to the Philippines. Included by Ames in the list of excluded names, marked as a nomen nudum, possibly “an error for A thibautianum Rchb.f. “. =A quinquevulnera.

Aeridostachya (Hook.f.) Brieger

[Also considered a synonym of Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2016

Photos
  1. Aeridostachya propinqua (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes in Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 20; --Pinalia propinqua (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria propinqua Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 105; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte at c. 600m. Photos
  2. Aeridostachya robusta (Blume) Brieger, Schlechter Orchideen 1 (11-12) (1981) 714; --Pinalia robusta (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria robusta (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 69; --Dendrolirium robustum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 347. --Eria whitfordii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 215, 236; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 376. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Fiji, Samao, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Viscaya, Nueva Ecija, MINANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte at c. 1000m. Photos

Aglossorrhyncha Schltr.

No Photos
  1. Aglossorrhyncha sp., Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 207. BOHOL. Insufficiently known, possibly endemic. Not included in Cootes’ 2006 & 2008 orchid checklists.

Agrostophyllum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2016

Photos
  1. Agrostophyllum agusanense Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 331; --Type: C.M. Weber 161 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Agusan Prov., Agusan River, near mouth of the Tipgon, 12m, 11-Jul-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan.
  2. Agrostophyllum edanoanum Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 333; --Type: G. Edano 2318 (BS 78648) (AMES, holo), Luzon: Cagayan Prov., Mt. Cagua Volcano, 1150m, 27-Oct-1929. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan.
  3. Agrostophyllum elmeri Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 48; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319; --Type: Elmer 18047. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna.
  4. Agrostophyllum elongatum (Ridl.) Schuit., Blumea 35 (1990) 165; --Appendiculopsis elongata (Ridl.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 120; --Appendicula elongata Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3 (1893) 375. --Type from Peninsular Malaysia. --Agrostophyllum hasseltii (Blume) J.J.Sm. Icon. Bogor. 2 (1903) 55, t. 110A, nom. illeg., non Rchb.f.; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Caroline Isls (Palau), Vanuatu. LUZON: Cagayan, Kalinga-Apayao, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Epiphyte up to 1000m.
  5. Agrostophyllum emwoodiae Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 334; --Type: C.M. Wenzel 0596 (AMES, holo), Leyte: Jaro, Masaganap, 600m, 13-Oct-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, NEGROS.
  6. Agrostophyllum globiceps Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45(3, Beibl. 104) (1911) 23; --Type from Indonesia. --Agrostophyllum mearnsii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 420; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320; --Type: FB 4607 Mearns & Hutchinson (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Prov., Mt Bliss, 1735m, May-1906. Borneo, Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles), MINDANAO: Davao, Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), 1060-1560m. Photos
  7. Agrostophyllum glumaceum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 824; --Type from Malaysia. --Agrostophyllum wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 88; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320; --Type: C.A. Wenzel 212 (AMES, lecto; AMES, isolecto), Leyte: Jaro, Buahaan, 19-Sep-1913. Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. 60-800m.
  8. Agrostophyllum inocephalum (Schauer) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 148; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 25; --Diploconchium inocephalum Schauer, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19 (Suppl. 1) (1843) 428. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, MINDANAO: Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur. Epiphyte c. 500m. Photos
  9. Agrostophyllum leytense Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 298; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE (Jaro), Forest, 600-700m.
  10. Agrostophyllum loheri Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 336; --Type: A. Loher 2131B (K, holo; K, icono), Luzon: central Luzon, June. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  11. Agrostophyllum longivaginatum Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 420; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319; --Type: Weber 345. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Kalinga-Apayao, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, Albay, MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphyte 30-600m. Photos
  12. Agrostophyllum luzonense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 197. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS. Epiphyte 600-1500m. Photos
  13. Agrostophyllum malindangense Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 50; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320; --Type: FB 4610 Mearns & Hutchinson. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo).
  14. Agrostophyllum merrillii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 323; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320; --Type: Merrill 5844, Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), forest, 1000m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO.
  15. Agrostophyllum mindanense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 88; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320; --Agrostophyllum pelorioides Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 421, non Schltr; --Type: Copeland 1119 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: District of Davao, April 1904. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Mountains, c. 860m.
  16. Agrostophyllum philippinense Ames, PJS 4 c (1909, publ. 1910) Bot. 669; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320. Endemic to Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Bataan, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Camarines Sur, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Epiphyte 60-700m.
  17. Agrostophyllum saccatilabium Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 487, pl. 1, 5, 16, 17; --Type: BS 82229 Quisumbing (AMES, holo), Luzon : Benguet prov., Baguio, from cultivated plant at Mansion House, origin said to be from mountains in the vicinity of Baguio, 6 May 1931. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphyte 300-1000m.
  18. Agrostophyllum stipulatum (Griff.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1912, publ. 1913) 279; --Appendiculopsis stipulata (Griff.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 120; --Appendicula stipulata Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3 (1851) 358.
  19. Agrostophyllum urdanetae Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 337; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 13852 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Agusan Prov., Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan.
  20. Agrostophyllum vulcanicum Ormerod, Taiwania 59 (2014) 338; --Type: M. Ramos & G.E. Edano BS 75715 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Albay Prov., Mayon Volcano, 915m, Sep-1928. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet.

Amesiella Schltr. ex Garay

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Amesiella minor Senghas, Orchideenfreund 6 (1999) 121. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora. Epiphyte c. 1200m. Photos
  2. Amesiella monticola Cootes & DP Banks, Orchids Australia 10(5) (1998) 26; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 25. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, possibly Benguet. Fringes of montane forest, 1800-2200m. Photos
  3. Amesiella philippinensis (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23, 4 (1972) 160; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 25; --Angraecum philippinense Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 336; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Albay, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), Epiphytic, 400-1400m. Photos

Angraecum auct. Philip. = Amesiella

Ania Lindl.
[Also considered a synonym of Tainia Blume]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Ania elmeri (Ames) AD Hawkes ex Senghas, in Schltr., Orchideen 1(1984) 863; --Ascotainia elmeri (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 99; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 336. --Tainia elmeri Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1570. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte. Terrestrial in forests, sea-level to 1300m. Photos

Anoectochilus Blume

Photos
  1. Anoectochilus sp., Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 36; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 274. LEYTE. Based on Wenzel 286. Photos

Anota Schltr. = Rhynchostylis

Aphyllorchis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2013

Photos
  1. Aphyllorchis halconensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 7; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 264. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), NEGROS: Negros Occidental. Terrestrial 300-1000m. Photos
  2. Aphyllorchis montana Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 57. --Aphyllorchis benguetensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 49; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 264; --Type: not from the Philippines. India, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, New Guinea, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan. Terrestrial 800-1500m. Photos
  3. Aphyllorchis pallida Blume, Bijdr. (1825) t. 16, Fig. 77 (without description); --Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1840) 536 (mention only); --Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 30; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 264; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 102. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo and the Philippines: MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon & vicinity). Terrestrial in humid forest, 330-930m.

Aporodes (Schltr.) W.Suarez & Cootes
[Also considered a synonym of Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Aporodes fragrans W.Suarez & Cootes, Aust. Orch. Rev. 73( 5) (Oct/Nov 2008) 33; --Eria aporoides Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 60; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 115; --Dendrobium aporoides (Lindl.) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918); 113; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 345. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Zambales, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Zambales, Camarines, Albay, MINDORO, POLILLO, LEYTE, CAMIGUIN, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Lithophytic or epiphytic, common, from sea-level to 1000m. Photos

Aporum Blume = Dendrobium sect. Aporum

Apostasia Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Apostasia nuda R.Br. in Wall. Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 76, t. 85. Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO. Terrestrial up to 800m.
  2. Apostasia wallichii R.Br. in Wall. Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 75, t. 84; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 252; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 65. India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea, N Australia. LUZON: Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Terrestrial up to 1000m. Photos

Appendicula Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2016

Photos
  1. Appendicula alba Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 299; --Podochilus album (Blume) Schltr., Mém. Herb. Boissier 21 (1900) 36. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sarawak, Lombok, Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales. Usually terrestrial 300-1800m. Photos
  2. Appendicula anceps Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 299; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 323. Photos
  3. Appendicula buxifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 300; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 324; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 27; --Type from Java. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Sorsogon, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao del Sur, Cotabato, Davao. Epiphytic, apparently in the mountain regions, c. 600m.
  4. Appendicula clemensiae Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 415; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 324; --Podochilus clemensiae (Ames) Ames, PJS 4 c (1909, publ. 1910) Bot. 667. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur. Usually in the montane zones, but from 60-1700m. Photos
  5. Appendicula cornuta Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 302; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 324; --Type: BS 16573 Ramos India, China, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte. Photos
  6. Appendicula crotalina (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1912) 336; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325; --Podochilus crotalinum Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 667; --Type: MS Clemens sn. (AMES, US), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Cotabato, Davao. Up to 860m.
  7. Appendicula cuneata Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 44, Fig. 9, habit and flower; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Bukidnon, Davao.
  8. Appendicula elmeri (Ames) Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 416; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325; --Podochilus elmeri Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1565; --Type: Elmer 10718 (AMES, holo; iso: AMES, L, NY, US), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Along streams, 400-1300m. Photos
  9. Appendicula fenixii (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1912) 336; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325; --Podochilus fenixii Ames, PJS 6 C (1911) Bot. 48; --Type: BS 3794 Fenix. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Camarines Sur, MINDORO, BATANES, CATANDUANES, BATAN: Mt Iraya. Epiphyte or lithophyte, mossy forest, 200-600m. Photos
  10. Appendicula irigensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 5; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325; --Type: BS 41941C Ramos. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Mt Irig =Mt Irid), epiphyte in dense forest, 1000m. Photos
  11. Appendicula laxifolia J.J.Sm., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. lxv. (1933) 480. Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS. Epiphyte at c. 700m.
  12. Appendicula leytensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 47, Fig. 9, flower; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 325. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic in forests, 500m. Photos
  13. Appendicula lucbanensis (Ames) Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 415; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326; --Podochilus lucbanense Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1566. LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Mountain Province, Rizal, Quezon, PANAY: Capiz, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Apparently restricted to mountain regions.
  14. Appendicula luzonensis (Ames) Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 415; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326; --Podochilus luzonense Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1567, --Type: Elmer 7930. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Quezon, Rizal, TAWI-TAWI. Epiphyte at c. 800 m.
  15. Appendicula malindangensis (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1912) 337; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326; --Podochilus malindangense Ames, PJS 6 C (1911, publ. 1912) Bot. 19; --Type: FB 4733 Mearns & Hutchinson. Endemic to Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Bukidnon. Mountainous regions up to 1600m. Photos
  16. Appendicula maquilingensis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 417; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, PANAY: Antique, Capiz, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, LEYTE, CAMIGUIN, JOLO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Epilithic or epiphytic in forests, 40-2000m. Photos
  17. Appendicula merrillii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 415, 418; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326; --Type: Merrill 8135 Chilopogon merrillii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 91. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Cotabato. Epiphytic, 700-1160m. Photos
  18. Appendicula micrantha Lindl., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 15 (1845) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 326; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 27; --Podochilus micranthum (Lindl.) Schltr., Mém. Herb. Boissier 21 (1900) 39. Appendicula wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 C (1913) Bot. 419; --Type: Wenzel 10 (AMES, 2 sheets, GH, NY, iso), Leyte: epiphyte, 60m, 29 Sept 1912. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga, Bataan, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna, Albay, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, PANAY: Antique, Capiz, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, MINDANAO: Surigao, Zamboanga, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan. Epiphytic, occasionally terrestrial, to 700m. Potentially a synonym of Appendicula reflexa var. reflexa. Photos
  19. Appendicula negrosiana Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 416; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 327; --Podochilus negrosianum Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1568; --Type: Elmer 9636 Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns),
  20. Appendicula pendula Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 298. --Appendicula philippinensis (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. Orch. Amb. (1905) 91, in textu; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 327; --Type: not from the Philippines. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Bukidnon. Variable and fairly common species, 115-1600m. Photos
  21. Appendicula perplexa (Ames) Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 416; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 327; --Podochilus perplexum Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1569; --Type: Elmer 7407 Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Banahaw), Forest shade, 800m.
  22. Appendicula polyantha Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 6; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 327; --Type: BS 42058 Lopez (AMES, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Angilog, 2200m (note: this is most likely in feet), Feb-1923. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Mt Angilog. Photos
  23. Appendicula reflexa Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 301 ; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 175. --Type from Java. Photos
  24. Appendicula tagalensium Kraenzl., Ann. k.k. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 65; --Type: Loher sn. Locality merely cited as ‘Philippines’. No specimen have been seen by Ames. Endemic to the Philippines.
  25. Appendicula tembuyukenensis J.J.Wood, Malesian Orchid J. 2 (2008) 25 (-26; fig. 3). Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt. Hamiguitan). Photos
  26. Appendicula torta Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 303. Photos
  27. Appendicula undulata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 301.
  28. Appendicula weberi Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 418; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 328; --Type: CM Weber 88. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga-Apoyao, MINDANAO: Davao, Cotabato, Agusan del Norte. Shady damp forests, 400-700m. Photos
  29. Appendicula xytriophora Rchb.f., in Seem. Fl. Vit. (1868) 299; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 328. --Podochilus xytriophorum (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Mém. Herb. Boissier 21 (1900) 47. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, PANAY: Capiz, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato, Davao. Forests, 60-1330m. Common and widely distributed. Photos

Arachnis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Arachnis flos-aeris (L.) Rchb.f., Bot. Centralbl. 28 (1886) 343; --Epidendrum flos-aeris L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 952. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, BILIRAN, LEYTE, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphyte at low elevations. Photos

Arundina Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2016

Photos
  1. Arundina graminifolia (D.Don) Hochr., Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6 (1910) 270; --Bletia graminifolia D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 29.

Ascidieria Seidenf.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Ascidieria cymbidifolia (Ridl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria cymbidifolia Ridl., J. Bot. 36 (1898) 212. --Cymboglossum cymbiforme (J.J.Sm.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 446; --Eria cymbiformis J.J.Sm., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 1 (1904) 152; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 367. Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDORO, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Epiphytic, 500-1015m. Photos
  2. Ascidieria palawanensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 69; --Eria palawanensis Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1578; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373; --Type: Elmer 13209. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Thumb Peak [=Mt Pulgar].
  3. Ascidieria zamboangensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 69; --Eria zamboangensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 160; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 376; --Type: Merrill 8143. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Bukidnon. Epiphytic in mossy forest, 1300-1830m.

Ascocentrum Schltr. ex J.J.Sm. = Vanda

Ascochilus Ridl. = Grosourdya

Ascoglossum Schltr. = Renanthera

Ascotainia Ridl. = Ania

Bogoria J.J.Sm.

No Photos
  1. Bogoria merrillii (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 16; --Sarcochilus merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 213; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407; --Type: Merrill 5432. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Baganga), Epiphytic, near sea level.

Brachypeza Schltr. ex Garay

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 April 2014

Photos
  1. Brachypeza cladostachya (Hook.f.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 62; --Pteroceras cladostachyum (Hook.f.) HAe Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 387; --Sarcochilus cladostachys Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 35. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines.
  2. Brachypeza pallida (Blume) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 62; --Pteroceras pallidum (Blume) Holttum, Kew Bull. 14 (1960) 270; --Sarcochilus pallidus (Blume) Rchb.f in Walp., Ann. 6 (1863) 500; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407; --Thrixspermum pallidum (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1867) 122; --Dendrocolla pallida Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 290.
  3. Brachypeza unguiculata (Lindl.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 64; --Pteroceras unguiculatum (Lindl.) HAe Pedersen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 388; --Sarcochilus unguiculatus Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26(Misc.) (1840) 67. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls., Moluccas, and Philippines.
  4. Brachypeza zamboangensis (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 164; --Sarcochilus zamboangensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 39; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 408; --Type: Merrill 11640 MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Flecha Point), Epiphyte in forest, c. 10m.

Bromheadia Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Bromheadia alticola Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28 (1891) 338. Bromheadia philippinensis Ames & Quisumb., PJS 59 (1936) 6, pl. 1:1-2; 4; 9:2. 
  2. Bromheadia devogelii Kruizinga, Orchid Monogr. 8 (1997) 102, Fig. 41. Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO. Epiphyte at c. 350m. Photos
  3. Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Indië 3 (1859) 709; --Grammatophyllum finlaysonianum Lindl. in N Wallich, Numer. List (1832) 7561. 

Bulbophyllum Thouars

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 January 2017

Photos

  1. Bulbophyllum abbreviatum (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33 (1924) 198; --Cirrhopetalum abbreviatum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 2 (1881) 70.
  2. Bulbophyllum absconditum J.J.Sm., Orch. Java (1905) 449; --Pelma absconditum (J.J.Sm.) Finet, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1 (1909) 113.
  3. Bulbophyllum acutum JJ.Sm, Orchid. Java (1905) 466. Java, Sumatra, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte 1000-1400m.
  4. Bulbophyllum aeolium Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 429; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 378; --Type: BS 15391 Ramos (AMES, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, Aug 1912. Malaysia, Philippines.
  5. Bulbophyllum aestivale Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 164; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 378; --Type: CA Wenzel 0395 (AMES, holo; iso: GH, US), Leyte: Leyte prov., epiphyte in forest, 600m, 25 May 1914. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, LEYTE. Epiphytic in forest, 500-1000m. Photos
  6. Bulbophyllum alboroseum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 164; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 379; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 105 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Lusong, epiphytic on dead branches, 2000m, 7-Oct-1928. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  7. Bulbophyllum alsiosum Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1583; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 379; --Type: Elmer 9817 (AMES, holo; iso: AMES, L, NY, US), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, Apr 1908. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), LEYTE. Epiphytic in forest, 600-1300m. Photos
  8. Bulbophyllum amplebracteatum Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 24 (1862) 307. Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines.
  9. Bulbophyllum anascaputum Cootes, Cabactulan Pimentel & M.D. De Leon, OrchideenJournal 5 (2017) 3; --Type: M.D. De Leon 001/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 3-Dec-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  10. Bulbophyllum antenniferum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in Walp. Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 250; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 379; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 31; --Hyalosema antenniferum (Lindl.) Rysy, J. Orchideenfreund 9 (2002) 324; --Cirrhopetalum antenniferum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) t. 49. Thailand, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Epiphytic, usually on tree trunks, sometimes on rocks, low elevations to 500m. Photos
  11. Bulbophyllum apertum Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 6 (1906) 462. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Epiphyte c. 500m.
  12. Bulbophyllum apheles J.J.Verm., Orchids of Borneo 2 (1991) 245. Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis. Photos
  13. Bulbophyllum apodum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 766. 
  14. Bulbophyllum aquinoi (Cootes, M.D.De Leon & Naive) ined.; --Epicranthes aquinoi Cootes, M.D.De Leon & Naive, OrchideeenJournal 4 (2016) 3 ("Epicrianthes aquinoi"); --Type: M.D. De Leon MDL 001/2016 (CMU00010802, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon (cult. in Misamis Oriental), 21-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon.
  15. Bulbophyllum apoense Schuit. & de Vogel, Blumea 48 (2003) 506; --Bulbophyllum graciliscapum Ames & Rolfe, Orch. 5 (1915) 175; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: Copeland 1127 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, 22-Apr-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo), Epiphytic on mossy branch, 2000m. Photos
  16. Bulbophyllum arrectum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 384; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 379; --Type: Loher sn (AMES, type fragment and photo of drawing. Possibly from Luzon: Rizal prov., Oct 1916. Known only from fragmentary type material, according to Ames (1924), very close to B stellatum Ames. Endemic to the Philippines.
  17. Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 261; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 379; --Cirrhopetalum auratum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26 (Misc.)(No. 107) (1840) 50.
  18. Bulbophyllum basisetum J.J.Sm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26 (1929) 347. Endemic to Philippines. Epiphyte at mid-elevation. Photos
  19. Bulbophyllum bolsteri Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 126; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380; --Type: Bolster 349 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., May-Jun 1906. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte. Epiphytic at low to mid-elevation.
  20. Bulbophyllum bontocense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 126, 135; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1382 (AMES, holo; AMES, L, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, epiphytic, 1650m, 17-Aug-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Zambales. Epiphytic, 1450-1700m.
  21. Bulbophyllum boosii J.J.Verm. & Kindler, Malesian Orchid Journal 15 (2015) 49; --Type: cult. Kindler s.n. (L, holo), Philippines, locality unknown. Endemic to Philippines. SAMAR. Photos
  22. Bulbophyllum braccatum Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 117; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380. --Bulbophyllum hortensoides Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 300; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Ifuago, Rizal, LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic in forests, 400-600m. Potentially a synonym of Bulbophyllum odoratum (Blume) Lindl.
  23. Bulbophyllum breimerianum J.J.Verm. & A.Vogel, Blumea 52 (2007) 1. Borneo, Philippines.
  24. Bulbophyllum brevibrachiatum (Schltr.) J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 8 (1912) 23 (1912); --Cirrhopetalum brevibrachiatum Schltr., Fedde, Repert. 10 (1911) 186. --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 52. --Cirrhopetalum dolichoblepharon Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 185; --Bulbophyllum dolichoblepharon (Schltr.) J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. 2, 8 (1912) 23. Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, PANAY, MINDANAO: Surigao. Cootes (2001) reported that specimens he collected from LUZON (Nueva Vizcaya and Nueva Ecija) are very close to this species. These plants occur as epiphyte on tree trunks, 500-1400m. Photos
  25. Bulbophyllum brienianum (Rolfe) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc., Spec. No. (1921) 184; --Cirrhopetalum brienianum Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1893 (74-75) (1893) 62. Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines?
  26. Bulbophyllum canlaonense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 126, 136; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, LEYTE, SAMAR, NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon), MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, 1300-2300m.
  27. Bulbophyllum carunculatum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Lindleyana 10 (1995) 174; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 32. Described from a plant originating in the Philippines.
  28. Bulbophyllum catenulatum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17 (1921) 382; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 33; --Type: Loher s.n. (AMES, type fragment and drawing), Luzon, presumably the Sierra Madre Mtns E of Manila). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, MINDORO. Epiphytic on branches and tree trunks, sometimes on rocks, up to 1800m. Photos
  29. Bulbophyllum cephalophorum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Lindleyana 11 (1996) 227; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 33. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1200m.
  30. Bulbophyllum cheiri Lindl., Edwards’ Bot. Reg. 30 (1844) t. 44; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 209; --Sarcopodium cheiri (Lindl.) Lindl. & Paxton in Paxton’s Fl. Gard. 1 (1850) 155. Photos
  31. Bulbophyllum chrysendetum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 169; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE (Dagami & Jaro), Forest epiphyte, 60-600m. Photos
  32. Bulbophyllum clandestinum Lindl. in Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) t. 77. --Epidendrum sessile J Koenig in AJ Retzius, Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 60. --Bulbophyllum profusum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 128, 137; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 46. Bangladesh to W Pacific, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, SIBUYAN, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Sur, BASILAN. Epiphytic, often in shaded sites, up to 500m.
  33. Bulbophyllum cleistogamum Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 31 (1896) 277; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 34. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Timor, Riau Archipelago, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, possibly elsewhere in the E parts. Epilithic or epiphytic in shade, c. 500m. Photos
  34. Bulbophyllum clemensiae Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381; --Type: MS Clemens 440. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO.
  35. Bulbophyllum colubrimodum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 82, Fig. 12; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381; --Type: CA Wenzel 698. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forest epiphyte, 600m.
  36. Bulbophyllum cootesii MA Clem., Austral. Orchid Rev. 64 (1999) 6; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 35. Endemic to Philippines. DINAGAT. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Photos
  37. Bulbophyllum cornutum (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 247; --Ephippium cornutum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 308. --Bulbophyllum wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 432; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphyte or lithophyte at low elevation. Photos
  38. Bulbophyllum cryptophoranthus Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 4 (1999) 475, nom. illeg. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Epiphyte at mid-elevation. Photos
  39. Bulbophyllum cubicum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 83; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381; --Type: BS 38633 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mahilucot River, forest epiphyte, 1400m, Jun-Jul 1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mahilucot River), Forest epiphyte, 1400m.
  40. Bulbophyllum cumingii (Lindl.) Rchb.f., in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 261; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381; --Cirrhopetalum cumingii Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (1838) t. 49; Paxton’s Bot. Mag. 8 (1841) 165; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 54. --Bulbophyllum stramineum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 190; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. --Cirrhopetalum flabellum-veneris (J Koenig) Seidenf. & Ormerod in G Seidenfaden, Descr.  Epidendrorum JG Koenig 1791 (1995) 39; --Epidendrum flabellum-veneris Koenig in Retz. Obs. vi (1791) 57. Andaman Isls, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN: Lake Manguao, PANAY: Capiz, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic. Low elevation up to c. 500m. Photos
  41. Bulbophyllum cuneatum Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 381. – Type: Merrill 3730 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, c. 1000m, 1-Jan-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles),
  42. Bulbophyllum cupreum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 24 (1838) Misc. t. 95; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 35. Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon. Bole epiphyte, c. 500m. Photos
  43. Bulbophyllum curranii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127, 130; Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 170; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: FB 4953 Curran (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., summit of Mt Tonglon [=Mt Sto Tomas], ‘epiphytic vine’, 8-Aug-1906. --Bulbophyllum calophyllum LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 98; --Type: Loher 14649 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1909. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Rizal, MINDORO. Epiphytic, 800-2200m. Photos
  44. Bulbophyllum davidii (Cootes & Boos) ined.; --Epicranthes davidii Cootes & Boos, OrchideenJournal (2015) 3 ("Epicrianthes davidii"); --Type: De Leon cult. CMUH00009780 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, 23-Feb-15, c. 700m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Note by Pelser (7-Oct-15): Morphologically similar to Bulbophyllum sagemuelleri R.Bustamante & Kindler. Photos
  45. Bulbophyllum dasypetalum Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: Merrill 3720 (AMES, holo; iso: US), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, 1 Jan 1904. --Bulbophyllum vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 133; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1367 (AMES, holo; iso: NY), Luzon: Mountain Province, Aug 1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Bataan (Mt Mariveles),
  46. Bulbophyllum dearei (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Flora 71 (1888) 156; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 36; --Sarcopodium dearei Hort. ex Gard. Chron. 2, 20 (1883) 108, Fig. 17. --Bulbophyllum goebelianum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 385; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: Loher s.n., probably from Luzon. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Quezon, LEYTE, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao del Sur. Epiphytic and sometimes epilithic, 700-1200m. Photos
  47. Bulbophyllum debrincatiae J.J.Verm., Gard. Bull. Sing. 54 (2002) 114. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon. Epiphyte 800-1200m. Photos
  48. Bulbophyllum dissolutum Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 429; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: BS 15069 Ramos (AMES, holo), Luzon: Laguna prov., San Antonio, 13 Jun-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna.
  49. Bulbophyllum doryphoroide Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 172; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: BS 19873 McGregor (AMES, holo), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, Feb 1913. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis), Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte at high elevation.
  50. Bulbophyllum ebracteolatum Kraenzl., in Ann. k. k. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 58; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: Loher sn (not seen), probably from Luzon. Known only from the original description. Endemic to the Philippines.
  51. Bulbophyllum echinochilum Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1921) 385; --Type: Loher sn (AMES, holotype fragment, also drawing of type), Luzon? Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte or lithophyte 900-1000m. Photos
  52. Bulbophyllum ecornutoides Cootes & W.Suarez, Aust. Orch. Review 71 (2006) 6, 35-36. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte up to 500m. Photos
  53. Bulbophyllum ecornutum J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. II, xiii (1914) 32. Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines. Photos
  54. Bulbophyllum elassoglossum Siegerist, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 60 (1991) 865; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 37. Possibly endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaija. Described from plants grown in the United States. Epiphyte c. 1400m. Photos
  55. Bulbophyllum elmeri Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: Elmer 6618 (AMES, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, 8-Mar-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio),
  56. Bulbophyllum elongatum (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bogor. (1844) 39; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Ephippium elongatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 308. Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak, Sabak, Brunei, Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Bukidnon. Forest epiphyte, occasionally terrestrial, 100-2000m.
  57. Bulbophyllum erosimarginatum, Cootes, W.Suarez & R.Boos, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 46 (-47; photos). Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphytic at c. 600m. Photos
  58. Bulbophyllum erosipetalum Schweinf., Philip. Orchid Rev. 4(3) (1951) 15; --Type: PNH 15085 KB Day (AMES, holo), Described from cultivated plant originally collected from Mindanao: Cotabato prov., Dec 1951; --Osyricera erosipetala (Schweinf.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14 (1994) 643. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato.
  59. Bulbophyllum erratum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 85; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383; --Type: BS 38685 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo; iso: NY, US), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mahilucot River, along stream in forest, c. 1400m, 14-Jul-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon.
  60. Bulbophyllum escritorii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 174; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383; --Type: BS 20734 Escritor (AMES, holo), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mar/Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Quezon. Epiphytic, up to 2000m in Benguet. Photos
  61. Bulbophyllum exile Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 208; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383; --Syntypes: Copeland 1123 (AMES); RS Williams 2563 (NY), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, collected on 22-Apr-1904 and 1-Apr-1905, respectively. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo), epiphyte in the summit area, c. 2900m. Photos
  62. Bulbophyllum exquisitum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 84; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383; --Bulbophyllum macgregorii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) 137, nom. illeg. –Syntypes: BS 8322 RC McGregor. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Epiphytic in mossy forest, 2100-2400m.
  63. Bulbophyllum facetum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Lindleyana 11 (1996) 227; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 38. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic on tree trunks in fairly shady sites, c. 1200m.
  64. Bulbophyllum fascinator (Rolfe) Rolfe, Bot. Mag. 134 (1908) t. 8199; --Cirrhopetalum fascinator Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1908) 69. India, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis. Epiphyte, 800-1000m. Photos
  65. Bulbophyllum fenixii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 430; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383; --Type: BS 4138 E Fenix. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, MINDORO, BABUYAN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES. Epiphyte c. 800m.
  66. Bulbophyllum aff. fenixii Ames, --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 38. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1200m.
  67. Bulbophyllum flavescens (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 54; --Diphyes flavescens Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 313. --Bulbophyllum adenopetalum Lindl., Bot. Reg. 28 (1842) Misc. 85; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 378. --Bulbophyllum ramosii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 25. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Catanduanes, Ifuago, Mountain Province, Bataan, Benguet, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Zambales, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Misamis, Zamboanga del Norte (Dapitan), Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon. Epiphytic at 500-2700m.
  68. Bulbophyllum geminatum Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 5 (1929) 12; --Cirrhopetalum geminatum (Carr) Rysy, Die Orchidee 63 (2012) 13-19. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Rizal, most likely in other Philippine islands. Epiphytic, to 800m in brightly lit sites. This species is considered by some to be a synonym of Bulbophyllum biflorum Teijsm. & Binn., but see Rysy (2012). Photos
  69. Bulbophyllum gerlandianum Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 7 (1886) 437. --Bulbophyllum emiliorum Ames & Quisumb., PJS 64 (1931) 377; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 37; --Type: Emilio Quisumbing 5154 (AMES, posible holo), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Butuan, epiphytic on tree trunk in mangrove, 22-Aug-1919. Philippines and Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Epiphytic on tree trunks, 100-400m.
  70. Bulbophyllum giganteum (Quisumb. & Schweinf.) W.Suarez, Malesian Orchid Journal (2011), name not in IPNI on 28-Oct-12; --Bulbophyllum levanae var. giganteum Quisumb. & Schweinf., Philip. Orchid Rev. 5 (1953) 2. Endemic to Philippines. NEGROS. Epiphytic up to 500 m. Photos
  71. Bulbophyllum gilvum J.J.Verm. & AL Lamb, Blumea 38 (1994) 338. 
  72. Bulbophyllum gimagaanense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 383. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, PANAY: Capiz, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, BASILAN. Epiphytic, 100-700m.
  73. Bulbophyllum glandulosum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 87, Fig. 12; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: BS 28787 Ramos & Edaño. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Epiphyte, 1000m.
  74. Bulbophyllum glebodactylum (W.Suarez & Cootes) Sieder & Kiehn, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 112 (2011) 316; --Epicranthes glebodactyla W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 118. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, 500-1000m. Photos
  75. Bulbophyllum glebulosum J.J.Verm. & Cootes, Malesian Orchid Journal 1 (2008) 147–151. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Photos
  76. Bulbophyllum gnomoniferum Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 209; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: Copeland 1023. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), Epiphyte, 1500m. Photos
  77. Bulbophyllum gusdorfii J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, II, 25 (1917) 79; --Cirrhopetalum gusdorfii (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14(6) (1994) 621. Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines.
  78. Bulbophyllum halconense Ames, PJS 2 c (1908) Bot. 127; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 39. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), Epiphytic on tree trunks and branches, 1500-2500m. Photos
  79. Bulbophyllum hampeliae Cootes, Boos & Naive, OrchideenJournal 23 (2016) 3; --Type: G. Hampel cult. GH 001/2016 CMU00010808 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, 25-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Photos
  80. Bulbophyllum hampelii (Boos) ined.; --Cirrhopetalum hampelii Boos, OrchideenJournal 22 (2015) 7; --Type: G. Hampel cult. CMUH00009779 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte, 28-Feb-15, c. 700m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Photos
  81. Bulbophyllum inacootesiae Cootes M.D.De Leon & Naive, OrchideenJournal 23 (2016) 160; --Type: M.D. De Leon 025/2016 (CMU00010822, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, ex cult., 31-Jul-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, 1300m. Photos
  82. Bulbophyllum invisum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 148; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 58. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulogloco). Epiphytic in mossy forest, 2200m. Photos
  83. Bulbophyllum kittredgei (Garay, Hamer & Siegerist) J.J.Verm., Nordic J. Bot. 16 (1996) 381; --Synarmosepalum kittredgei Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14 (1994) 639. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PALAWAN.
  84. Bulbophyllum lancifolium Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1583; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), Epiphyte at c. 2600m on Mt Apo. Photos
  85. Bulbophyllum lancilabium Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 176; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: BS 20439 Ramos. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Epiphyte, 1000m. Photos
  86. Bulbophyllum lancipetalum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 23, 127; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380; --Type: FB 4608 Mearns & Hutchinson. Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang, 2400m, 4-Jun-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), 2000-2400m.
  87. Bulbophyllum lasianthum Lindl., Gard. Chron. (1855) 53. Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines. Photos
  88. Bulbophyllum lasioglossum Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 100; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 39. --?Bulbophyllum breviscapum (Rolfe) Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 1: 78 (1907), Endemic unless identical with Bulbophyllum breviscapum (Rolfe) Ridl. of Peninsular Malaysia. LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1000m.
  89. Bulbophyllum lasiopetalum Kränzl., in Ann. k. k. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 57; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: Loher sn. LUZON? Endemic to the Philippines.
  90. Bulbophyllum laxiflorum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 57; --Diphyes laxiflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 316; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 40. --Bulbophyllum luzonense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127, 141; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385. --Bulbophyllum syllectum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 383; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, 120-1000m. Photos
  91. Bulbophyllum leibergii Ames & Rolfe, Orch. 5 (1915) 177; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: Leiberg 6034. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles), 900m.
  92. Bulbophyllum lemniscatoides Rolfe, Gard. Chron., 1 (1890) 672. Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, C Philippines. NEGROS. Epiphyte, 600-800m. Photos
  93. Bulbophyllum lepantense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127, 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 40. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet. Epiphytic on mossy trunks and branches, 2200-2450m. Photos
  94. Bulbophyllum lepidum (Blume) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java: 471 (1905); --Cirrhopetalum lepidum (Blume) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 185. Indo-China to Hainan and W and C Malesia, Philippines.
  95. Bulbophyllum leptocaulon Kränzl., in Ann. k. k. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 59; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Type: Loher s.n., probably Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. Known only from the original description and fragment of the type. Photos
  96. Bulbophyllum levanae Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 178; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, NEGROS. Epiphytic, occasionally lithophytic, 1000m. Photos
  97. Bulbophyllum leytense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 178; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Epiphyte, 200-500m.
  98. Bulbophyllum lipense Ames, Sched. Orchid. 3 (1923) 22; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Type: BS 38582 Ramos & Edaño. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte in damp forest, 1300m. Photos
  99. Bulbophyllum lobbii Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 33 (1847) t. 29; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 41. India to Indo-China to Borneo, Philippines. Photos
  100. Bulbophyllum loherianum (Kraenzl.) Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Cirrhopetalum loherianum Kraenzl., Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 30 (1916) 61; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  (2001) 54. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos
  101. Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars, Hist. Orchid. (1822) t. 98. --Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (G.Forst.) Reinw. ex Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. (1832) 71; --Epidendrum umbellatum G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 60. --Cirrhopetalum trisetum (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14 (1994) 622; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 55; --Bulbophyllum trisetum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 128, 142; --Ames in Merr., EPFP  1 (1925) 389. Africa, Madagascar, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tahiti, Guam, Philippines. Troughout the Philippines. Epiphyte, up to 1200m. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, up to 1200m. Photos
  102. Bulbophyllum longipetiolatum Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1584; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Type: Elmer 10883. Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), Epiphytic in humid forest, c. 1300m.
  103. Bulbophyllum macranthum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 30 (1844) t. 13.; Carparomorchis macrantha (Lindlley) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Orchadian 13 (2002) 499. Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, PALAWAN. Epiphyte, up to 1000m. Photos
  104. Bulbophyllum maculatum Boxall ex Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13A: 235. Endemic to the Philippines.
  105. Bulbophyllum magnum J.J.Verm., Cootes & W.Suarez, Malesian Orchid J. 11 (2013) 93; --Type: W. Suarez s.n. (NSW, holo). Endemic to Philippines. LUZON. Epiphytic, 600-1200m. Photos
  106. Bulbophyllum makoyanum (Rchb.f.) Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay Penins. 1 (1907) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385; --Cirrhopetalum makoyanum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 11(1) (1879) 234; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001)  55. Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Cavite, Ifugao, Quezon, Zambales, Rizal, POLILLO, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, NEGROS, PANAY, MINDANAO: Augusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur. Epiphyte, up to 300m. Photos
  107. Bulbophyllum maquilingense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 208 ; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 41. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, SIBUYAN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic up to 1000m. Photos
  108. Bulbophyllum marivelense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127, 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Zamboanga. Epiphytic to 1100m.
  109. Bulbophyllum marknaivei Cootes, Boos & M.D.De Leon, OrchideenJournal (2016) 4; --Type: G. Hampel cult. GH 004/2016 CMU00010806 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Misamis Oriental, 26-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental. Photos
  110. Bulbophyllum masaganapense Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 302; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Sorsogon, LEYTE. Epiphytic between 200 and 1300m.
  111. Bulbophyllum maxillare (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 248; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 42; --Phyllorkis maxillaris (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 677; --Cirrhopetalum maxillare Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) t. 49. --Bulbophyllum blumei (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 459; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cavite, MINDORO, BOHOL, LEYTE. Epiphytic, usually on tree trunks, up to 300m. Photos
  112. Bulbophyllum mearnsii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 430; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386; --Orch. Philip. (2001) 42; --Bulbophyllum carinatum Ames, PJS, C 7: 140 (1912), nom. illeg. Endemic to Phillipines. LUZON: Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur. Epiphytic, c. 900m. Photos
  113. Bulbophyllum melanochilum (Kraenzl.) Cootes & W.Suarez, Aust. Orch. Rev. (2009) xxx; --Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Kränzl., in Ann. k.k. Nat. Hofmus. Wien 30 (1916) 60, non Hayata; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Hand-written comments (by Schweinfurth?) regarding the name Bulbophyllum melanochilum Kraenzl. on the holotype sheet at A: “No record of this name was found. May it not be B. melanoglossum Kränzl.?” C.S., Feb. 1936”.
  114. Bulbophyllum membranaceum Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 5 (1854) 488. Indonesia, Malaysia, W. Pacific, Thailand, Philippines. Photos
  115. Bulbophyllum membranifolium Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 756. Photos
  116. Bulbophyllum merrittii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 334; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Endemic to the Philippines.
  117. Bulbophyllum mindorense Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 334; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Endemic to the Philippines.
  118. Bulbophyllum migueldavidii Cootes, Cabactulan & Pimentel, OrchideenJournal 5 (2017) 4; --Type: M.D. De Leon 002/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 17-Oct-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  119. Bulbophyllum mona-lisae Sieder & Kiehn, CITES Orchid Checkl. 5 (2009) 404. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Mostly epiphytic over 1000 m.
  120. Bulbophyllum monstrabile Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 182; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Endemic to the Philippines.
  121. Bulbophyllum mucronatum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 50; --Diphyes mucronata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 317. Thailand, Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines.
  122. Bulbophyllum mutabile (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 48; --Diphyes mutabilis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 312. Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Epiphyte 400-2000m.
  123. Bulbophyllum nasseri Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 4 (1999) 303. Borneo?, Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphyte at low elevation.
  124. Bulbophyllum negrosianum Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1586; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386; --Orch. Philip. (2001) 43. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), Epiphytic, c. 1400m. Photos
  125. Bulbophyllum nemorale LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 100.
  126. Bulbophyllum nom. nov. ined.; --Cirrhopetalum multiflorum W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 54. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Photos
  127. Bulbophyllum nymphopolitanum Kraenzl., Ann. K.K. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 30 (1916) 60; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 43. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Albay, MINDORO. Epiphytic or occasionally lithophytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  128. Bulbophyllum ocellatum Cootes & M.A.Clem., Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 48. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Epiphyte 500-800m. Photos
  129. Bulbophyllum odoratum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 54; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 44; --Diphyes odorata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 312. --Bulbophyllum deceptum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 171; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: CA Wenzel 148 (AMES, holo), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, epiphyte in forest, 21-Jun-1913. --Bulbophyllum mindanaense Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1585; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas. LUZON: Aurora, Ifugao, Rizal, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 1300m. Photos
  130. Peninsular Malaysia, throughout Indonesia, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Ifuago, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Surigao. Epiphyte up to 1000m.
  131. Bulbophyllum orectopetalum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Orchidee 43(3) (1992)41. Photos
  132. Bulbophyllum ornithorhynchum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Orchidee (Hamburg) 43 (1992) 266; --Cirrhopetalum ornithorhynchus J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. (1903) t. 121. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE. Epiphyte at low elevation. Photos
  133. Bulbophyllum othonis (Kuntze) J.J.Sm., Bull. Gard. Bot. Buitenz., ii, 8 (1912) 26; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387. --Cirrhopetalum nutans Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 25 (Misc.) (1839) 71; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 55; --Bulbophyllum nutans (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 260, non Thouars. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, POLILLO, LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Photos
  134. Bulbophyllum pampangense Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 92; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387; --Type: Merrill 11214 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Dec-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga.
  135. Bulbophyllum papillipetalum Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 149; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387. – Type: Ramos & Edaño 79 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Boadan, epiphytic on mossy forest slope, 6800ft, 27-Sep-1921. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. 
  136. Bulbophyllum papulosum Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 4 (1999) 304; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 44. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Epiphytic to 500m. Photos
  137. Bulbophyllum pardalotum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Lindleyana 10 (1995) 179; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  2001) 45. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, c. 1200m in well-lit sites. Photos
  138. Bulbophyllum pauciflorum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 127, 132; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1381 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Mountain Province, 1650m, 17-Aug-1911. LUZON : Mountain Province. Epiphytic, 1650m. Photos
  139. Bulbophyllum penduliscapum J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. 2 (1903) 101. --Bulbophyllum jarense Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 301; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 384; --Type: CA Wenzel 761 (NY, iso), Leyte: Jaro, 27-Nov-1917. LEYTE. Forest epiphyte, 500m.
  140. Bulbophyllum peramoenum Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 430; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925)  387; --Type: Merrill 8271 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 28-Nov-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Zamboanga. Photos
  141. Bulbophyllum piestoglossum J.J.Verm., Blumea 38 (1993) 152; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 46; --Type: PNH 5362 MD Sulit (L, holo; AMES, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, epiphytic, 800m, 23-Apr-1947. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon. Epiphytic usually on tree trunks, 600-1300m.
  142. Bulbophyllum pleurocrepis J.J.Verm., Cootes & M.Perry, Die Orchidee 3 (2017) 17; --Type: Perry 591 (L, holo), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Photos
  143. Bulbophyllum pleurothalloides Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 335; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387. – Type: Merrill 6128 (AMES, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, on mossy trunks,  4500ft, 14-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO : Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), Epiphytic in mossy forest, c. 1500m.
  144. Bulbophyllum plumatum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 184; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387; --Rhytionanthos plumatum (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14 (1994) 639; --Cirrhopetalum plumatum (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 82; --Type: BS 21479 Escritor (AMES, holo). Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, up to 500 m.
  145. Bulbophyllum pseudoconiferum W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 74 (-75; figs.). Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte at c. 1400m.
  146. Bulbophyllum puguahaanense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 185; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387; --Cirrhopetalum puguahaanense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14(6) (1994) 619. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphyte, up to 500m. Photos
  147. Bulbophyllum putidum (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2, 8 (1912) 27; --Cirrhopetalum putidum Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 24 (1862) 311; --Mastigion putidum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14 (1994) 637. Borneo, Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines?
  148. Bulbophyllum ravanii Cootes, OrchideenJournal 18 (2011) 83 (-84; figs.). Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphyte 880-930m. Photos
  149. Bulbophyllum recurvilabre Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 4 (1999) 304. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE. Epiphyte up to 500m.
  150. Bulbophyllum restrepia (Ridl.) Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 1 (1907) 78; --Cirrhopetalum restrepia Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3 (1893) 365. Philippines. SAMAR. Photos
  151. Bulbophyllum rhizomatosum Ames & Schweinf. in Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 194. --Bulbophyllum filicoides Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 84, Fig. 11; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: Elmer 14200. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Epiphyte at c. 1500m. Photos
  152. Bulbophyllum romyi B.Thoms, Orchids (West Palm Beach) 84 (2015) 631; --Type: B. Thoms 110460 (SEL, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon Prov., near Malaybalay, 200-400m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon.
  153. Bulbophyllum rubrolingue Cootes & Boos, OrchideenJournal 22 (2015) 165; --Type: Cootes Cult. NSW 907363 (NSW, holo), Leyte, Lake Danao, 1-Feb-2015. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  154. Bulbophyllum rubusioides Naive, M.D.De Leon & Cootes, Die Orchidee 3 (2017) 11; --Type: M.D. De Leon 005/2016 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan, 21-May-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon.
  155. Bulbophyllum rugosum Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1897) 266. --Bulbophyllum dagamense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 170; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 382; --Type: CA Wenzel 57 (AMES, holo), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, 31-Dec-1912. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LEYTE.
  156. Bulbophyllum rysyanum Roeth, Orchidee (Hamburg) 58(4) (2007) 512 (-514; figs.). Endemic to Philippines. Epiphyte at medium elevation. Photos
  157. Bulbophyllum sagemuelleri R.Bustamante & Kindler, Die Orchidee 66 (2015) 370; --Epicrianthes sagemuelleri (R.Bustamante & Kindler) Cootes & R.Boos, Orchids Australia (2015) 29; --Type: Sagemueller s.n. cult. CMUH00009785 (CMUH, holo), Negros: Barangay Patag, Mt. Mandalagan. Endemic to Philippines. NEGROS. Photos
  158. Bulbophyllum sanguineomaculatum Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 265 (1896). --Bulbophyllum maculosum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 180; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 385. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE: Leyte (Dagami), Epiphyte in forest at 60-1300m.
  159. Bulbophyllum santosii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 186; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 46. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Sur (Mt Iriga), MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic to 800m. Photos
  160. Bulbophyllum sapphirinum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 187; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to the Philippines.
  161. Bulbophyllum saurocephalum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. n.s. (1886) 262; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925)  388; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 47. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, LEYTE. Epiphytic at c. 1000m. Photos
  162. Bulbophyllum savaiense Schltr., Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 106.
  163. Bulbophyllum schefferi (Kuntze) Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2) (1915) 417; --Phyllorchis schefferi Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 676. --Bulbophyllum marcidum Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 90, Fig. 12; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 386. Indonesia, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic up to 1600m. Photos
  164. Bulbophyllum sempiternum Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 304; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bikidnon. Epiphyte 500-800m. Photos
  165. Bulbophyllum sensile Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 188; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to the Philippines.
  166. Bulbophyllum serratotruncatum Seidenf., Dansk Bot. Ark. 29 (1974) 50. --Cirrhopetalum ochraceum Ridl., J. Bot. 36 (1898) 212. Andaman Isls., Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines?
  167. Bulbophyllum sibuyanense Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1587; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388; --Cirrhopetalum sibuyanense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14(6) (1994) 620. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Epiphyte, c. 400m. Photos
  168. Bulbophyllum simulacrum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 189; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to the Philippines.
  169. Bulbophyllum socordine J.J.Verm. & Cootes, Malesian Orchid J. 1 (2008) 147–151. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte at c. 1200m. Photos
  170. Bulbophyllum stellatum Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 128, 141; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte at c. 1200m. Photos
  171. Bulbophyllum subaequale Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 93; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 388. Endemic to the Philippines.
  172. Bulbophyllum superfluum Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26 (1929) 172. Endemic to the Philippines.
  173. Bulbophyllum surigaense Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 449; --Cirrhopetalum surigaense (Ames & Quisumb.) W.Suarez, Phil. Orch. Rev. 15(2) (2007) 18; --Type: BS 84715 Quisumbing (AMES, holo), From cultivated material in Manila, provenance: Mindanao: Surigao prov., 1931. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte.
  174. Bulbophyllum tenuifolium (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. (1830) 50; --Diphyes tenuifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 310, t. 316. --Bulbophyllum chryseum (Kraenzl.) Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 54 (excl. spec.); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 380; --Cirrhopetalum chryseum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 97. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls., Philippines. Mtns of C Luzon. LUZON: Aurora, Rizal, LEYTE. Epiphyte up to 500m. Photos
  175. Bulbophyllum toppingii Ames, PJS 7 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 432; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. Endemic to the Philippines.
  176. Bulbophyllum tortuosum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. (1830) 50. India, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO. Epiphyte at c. 900m.
  177. Bulbophyllum translucidum Kindler, R.Bustamante & Ferreras, Die Orchidee 2 (2016) 4; --Type: Ferreras UF1071 (PNH, holo; PUH, CAHUP, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Sur, Mun. Prosperidad, Lower Ognop Area, 8-Apr-2015. Endemic to Philippines. DINAGAT, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur, SAMAR.
  178. Bulbophyllum trigonosepalum Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 384; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Albay, LEYTE. Epiphyte or lithophyte at c. 1000m. Photos
  179. Bulbophyllum tsekourioides M.D.De Leon, Naive & Cootes, Die Orchidee 3 (2017) 12; --Type: M.D. De Leon 012/2016 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon.
  180. Bulbophyllum unguiculatum Rchb.f., Linnaea 22 (1849) 836, 864. --Bulbophyllum reilloi Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 431; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 387. Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines. Photos
  181. Bulbophyllum uniflorum (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor (1844) 39; --Ephippium uniflorum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 309. LUZON: Rizal, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic in forests, 600-1300m. Photos
  182. Bulbophyllum vagans Ames & Rolfe, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 335; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, CAMIGUIN, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Agusan, Lanao. Epiphyte 800-1400m.
  183. Bulbophyllum vaginatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1861) 261; --Cirrhopetalum vaginatum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 59. Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Moluccas, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphyte up to 300m.
  184. Bulbophyllum vermiculare Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 188. 
  185. Bulbophyllum vespertilio Ferreras & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 17 (2010) 150. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Epiphyte at c. 150m.
  186. Bulbophyllum weberi Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 128, 142; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. --Cirrhopetalum weberi (Ames) Senghas, Schlechter Orchideen 1(13) (1983) 775; Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 56. --Cirrhopetalum baucoense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 14(6) (1994) 621; --Bulbophyllum baucoense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 166. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan. Epiphytic on tree trunks, to c. 1500m. Photos
  187. Bulbophyllum williamsii Hawkes, Lloydia 14 (1956) 93; --Bulbophyllum caudatum LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 99, nom. illeg. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphyte at c. 1000m. Photos
  188. Bulbophyllum woelfliae Garay, Senghas & K Lemcke, J. Orchideenfreund 3 (1996) 37. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Abra. Epiphyte 1400-2000m.
  189. Bulbophyllum zambalense Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 134; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 389. Endemic to the Philippines.
  190. Bulbophyllum zamboangense Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 433; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 390; --Cirrhopetalum zamboangense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist, Nordic J. Bot. 4(6) (1994) 621. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga.

Cadetia Gaudich. = Dendrobium sect. Cadetia

Calanthe R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2016

Photos

  1. Calanthe alba W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 116 (-118; figs.), Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Terrestrial, c. 1300m. Photos
  2. Calanthe conspicua Lindl., Fol. Orch. Calanthe (1854, publ. 1855) 4; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 333. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Rizal, Sorsogon, Quezon, BOHOL, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, 300-1000m. Photos
  3. Calanthe davaensis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 422; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 333. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Cotabato. Terrestrial, c. 2000m. Photos
  4. Calanthe furcata Bateman ex Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 24 (1838) 28; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. --Calanthe triplicata non (Willemet) Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 326. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Bontoc, Camarines, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, CAMIGUIN, MINDORO, POLILLO, SIBUTU, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Misamis, Zambianga, TAWI-TAWI. Terrestrial, up to 2500m. Photos
  5. Calanthe jusnerii Boxall ex Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13A (1880) 247. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Calanthe lacerata Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 11; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Sur, Mountain Prov., Quezon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Terrestrial, 1000-2500m. Photos
  7. Calanthe mcgregorii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 325; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal, POLILLO, MINDORO, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao. c. 300m. Photos
  8. Calanthe masuca (D.Don) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 249; --Bletia masuca D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal (1825) 30. Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines. PALAWAN. Photos by Jose Edgar and Jonah van Beijnen possible represent this species. Photos
  9. Calanthe mindorensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 325; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334; --Type: Merrill 5525, Philippines. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO. Terrestrial, c. 700m.
  10. Calanthe nivalis Boxall ex Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13 (1880) 247. Endemic to the Philippines.
  11. Calanthe rosea (Lindl.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18 (1880) 309. Myanmar to Thailand, Philippines? LUZON?
  12. Calanthe rubens Ridl., Gard. Chron., III (1890) 576; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 49. --Calanthe elmeri Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 155; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 333; Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Benguet, PANAY, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, up to 1800m. Photos
  13. Calanthe × sibuyanense Cootes & G.Tiong, OrchideenJ. 20 (2013) 171. C. mindorensis × C. triplicata (=C. furcata?). Endemic to Philippines.
  14. Calanthe vestita Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 250. --Calanthe hennisii Loher, Gard. Chron. iii, 46 (1909) 34; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334; --Cootes, Orch.  Philip. (2001) 48. Assam to New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, MINDANAO: North Cotabato, South Cotabato. Epiphyte on base of trees, 500-1000m.

Calcearia Blume = Corybas 

Carparomorchis = Bulbophyllum

 Camarotis Lindl. = Micropera

Cephalantheropsis Guillaumin

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Cephalantheropsis halconensis (Ames) SS Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 3 (1988) 622; --Phaius halconensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 323; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 331. --Cephalantheropsis calanthoides (Ames) TS Liu & HJ Su, Fl. Taiwan 5 (1978) 918; --Phaius calanthoides Ames, Orchidaceae 2: 153 (1908). Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON. Photos
  2. Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod, Orchid Digest 62 (1998) 156; --Calanthe longipes Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 195. --Phaius mindorensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 324; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 332. India, Japan, Ryuku Isls., S. China, throughout SE Asia, Taiwan, Philippines. MINDORO. Terrestrial, 600-940m.
  3. Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod, Orchid Digest 62 (1998) 157; --Bletia obcordata Lindl.,  Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1831) 123. --Phaius ramosii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 96; --Calanthe ramosii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 12. Widespread in Malesian region, Philippines. Photos

Ceraia Lour. = Dendrobium sect. Aporum

Ceratobium (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones = Dendrobium

Ceratocentron Senghas

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Ceratocentron fesselii Senghas, Orchidee (Hamburg) 40 (1989) 90; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 49. --Tuberolabium calcaratum T Hashim., Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 10 (1991) 33. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1000m. Photos

Ceratostylis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Ceratostylis caespitosa LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 96. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, MINDORO. Epiphyte, c. 500m.
  2. Ceratostylis dataensis Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 151; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 317. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Ceratostylis elmeri Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 49; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 317. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Ceratostylis heterophylla W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 52. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte, 1200-1500m. Photos
  5. Ceratostylis incognita JT Atwood & J Beckner, Selbyana 19 (1999) 265; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 50. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphytic, usually in very brightly lit spots, 750-1500m. Photos
  6. Ceratostylis latipetala Ames, PJS 4 c (1909, publ. 1910) Bot. 671; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 317. Endemic to Philippines. PANAY, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis, Zambianga. Epiphyte, c. 1400m. Synonym of Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f.? Photos
  7. Ceratostylis loheri LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 97. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Epiphyte, c. 800m.
  8. Ceratostylis mindanaensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 51; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 317. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Ceratostylis philippinensis Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 79; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1  (1924) 317. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE. Epiphyte 60-800m. Photos
  10. Ceratostylis ramosa Rolfe ex Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 323; Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 149; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 318. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Mountain Province, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphyte, 500-1600m. Photos
  11. Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 53; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 318; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 51. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte. Epiphytic, to 500m. Photos
  12. Ceratostylis rubra Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 670; –Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 318. Philippines. Synonym of Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f.?
  13. Ceratostylis senilis Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 54; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 318; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 51. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Epiphytic in brightly-lit sites at c. 1000m. Photos
  14. Ceratostylis subulata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 306; –Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 318; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  (2001) 52. India, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Vanuatu. LUZON: Ifugao, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, PANAY, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Epiphytic, up to 2100m. Photos
  15. Ceratostylis wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 421; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 319. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, BASILAN. Epiphyte, 60-800m.

Cestichis Thouars = Liparis, Stichorkis

Chamaeanthus Schltr.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

No Photos
  1. Chamaeanthus brachystachys Schltr. ex J.J.Sm., Orch Java (1905) 552.
  2. Chamaeanthus wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 200; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 404. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, POLILLO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Cotabato. Epiphyte, low elevation.

Cheirostylis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe, Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 9 (1895) 158. --Cheirostylis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 59; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275. --Cheirostylis taiwanensis Yamam., J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 5 (1933) 54. China, Vietnam, Hongkong, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Benguet, Tayabas, Quezon, PANAY: Iloilo, NEGROS: Negros Oriental. In mountainous regions at 300 to 900 m. Photos
  2. Cheirostylis merrillii (Ames & Quisumb.) Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 63 (1998) 10; --Adenostylis merrillii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 44 (1931) 370.
  3. Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 314; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Banahaw), Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, in forest at 2500-2700m), Terrestrial, 1500-2400m.

Chelonistele Pfitzer

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2016

Photos
  1. Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer in Engl., Pflanzenreich, IV, 50 II B 7 (1907) 137; --Chelonanthera  sulphurea Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 384; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 52.

 Chilopogon Schltr. = Appendicula

Chromatotriccum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones = Dendrobium sect. Calyptrochilus

Chrysoglossum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 337. India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Taiwan, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa, Philippines. MINDORO, CEBU. Terrestrial c. 900m.  Photos

Cirrhopetalum Lindl. = Bulbophyllum

Cleisostoma Blume

Edited by Ron Boos & Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2016

Photos
  1. Cleisostoma aikoae Cootes, OrchideenJournal 22 (2015) 131; --Type: Schneider s.n. NSW907364 (NSW, holo), Mindoro: Mount Thimble, c. 600m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO.
  2. Cleisostoma duplicilobum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 171; --Garayanthus  duplicilobus (J.J.Sm.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 136 ; --Sarcanthus duplicilobus J.J.Sm., Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 13 (1907) 64. India, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphyte 500-2000m.
  3. Cleisostoma sagittatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 363. --Sarcanthus malleifer J.J.Sm. Nat. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 72 (1912) 90 (reprint 19); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437. Sumatra, Java, Philippines. PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphyte, up to 1000m.
  4. Cleisostoma striolatum (Rchb.f.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 175; --Sarcanthus  striolatus Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 18 (1882) 168; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Cleisostoma subulatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 363; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 55; --Sarcanthus  subulatus (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 41.  --Cleisostoma dealbatum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (Misc.) (1843) 5; --Sarcanthus dealbatus (Lindl.) Rchb.f.,  in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1864) 892; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436. --Cleisostoma iloconense Calaramo, Cootes & Palting, Die Orchidee 2 (2016) 2; --Type: HNUL009002 (holo), Luzon: Kalinga Apayao, Solsona. India, Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Kalinga Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic in partially shaded to fully exposed sites, up to 300m. Photos
  6. Cleisostoma uraiense (Hayata) Garay & Sweet, Orchids S. Ryukyu Is. (1974) 156. --Sarcanthus micranthus Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 250; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437. Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls., Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Zamboanga, BASILAN. Epiphyte, up to 900m. Photos
  7. Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 175. --Cleisostoma weberi (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 175; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 57; --Sarcanthus weberi Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 252; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437; --Type: Weber 252 (AMES), Mindanao: Davao, epiphytic on mangrove trees in tidal swamp, 7-Sep-1911. India, China, Hongkong, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Photos

Coelandria Fitzg. = Dendrobium sect. Calyptrochilus

Coelogyne Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 October 2012, following Cootes 2011

 Photos

  1. Coelogyne alvinlokii O’Byrne & Verm., Orchid Review 114(126) (2006) 168-170; --Type: SBGO 5504 (SING, holo), Mindanao: No locality cited. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO. Epiphyte at medium elevation. Photos
  2. Coelogyne asperata Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. London 4 (1849) 221, t. 7; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 280; --Quisumb., Philip. Orchid Rev. (1951) 9; --S.E.C. Sierra et al., Blumea 45 (2000) 289, f. 5, pl. 1a, map 1; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 58. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Java, Sulawesi, Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea), Solomon Isls., Santa Cruz Isls. LUZON, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, BASILAN. Epiphytic on trunks and big branches of trees, lithophytic or terrestrial. Lowland and montane forests, in partial shade to quite exposed, often along creeks, near sea level to 500m. Photos
  3. Coelogyne bilamellata Lindl., Fol. Orch. Coelog. (1854) 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 59. Borneo and Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Cotabato, Bukidnon, Agusan, Surigao. Epiphytic or lithophytic in forest, up to 1000m in Mindanao. Photos
  4. Coelogyne X bufordiense.  [name not in IPNI]. A primary hybrid between Coelogyne asperata and Coelogyne pandurata originally made in 1911. Photos
  5. Coelogyne candoonensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 18, Fig. 4; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Candoon), Misamis. Epiphyte in forest, over 1500m. Photos
  6. Coelogyne chloroptera Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., (1883)(1) 466; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 59. Endemic of Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Kalinga, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Quezon, MINDORO, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns, but according to Cootes may a misidentified C confusa Ames), Epiphytic or epilithic, 1000-1530m. Fairly common in Luzon. Photos
  7. Coelogyne confusa Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 49; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281; --Type: BS 14430 Ramos, Camiguin. Endemic to Philippines. CAMIGUIN. Epiphytic or epilithic at low elevation. Photos
  8. Coelogyne elmeri Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1556; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Lipa), Davao (Mt Apo, Todaya), Up to 1300m.
  9. Coelogyne integerrima Ames, PJS 4 c (1909, publ. 1910) Bot. 665; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 281. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Quezon. Epiphyte, 1750-2450m. Photos
  10. Coelogyne loheri Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1908) 414; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Epiphyte or lithophyte, 1700m. Photos
  11. Coelogyne longirachis Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 88; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mahilucot River), Epiphyte along streams in forest, 1300m. Photos
  12. Coelogyne marmorata Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 116; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 60. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Sablan), Pangasinan, Quezon, CAMIGUIN. Epiphytic, occasionally epilithic, elevation over 1000m. Photos
  13. Coelogyne mayeriana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 8 (1877) 134. Philippines.
  14. Coelogyne merrillii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 40; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 60, --Type: Merrill 6620, Luzon: Benguet prov., Pauai, on boulders in the upper pine region, c. 1800m, May 1909. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Rizal, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, PALAWAN. Usually epilithic, (300-)1800-2300m. Common in Benguet. Photos
  15. Coelogyne palawanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 51; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt Capoas), 1000m. Known only from the type collection. Photos
  16. Coelogyne pandurata Lindl., Gard. Chron. 1 (1853) 791; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 283; --SEC Sierra et al., Blumea 45 (2000) 304, Fig. 9, pl. 1 c, 1 d, map 3. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan), and possibly Philippines (Valmayor, 1984), based on specimens from LUZON: Mountain Province, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Surigao. Epiphytic on trunks or big branches of trees, lithophytes or terrestrials. Lowland forest and hill forest, in partial shade to quite exposed. Among rocks, on granite or ultramafic substrate, sea level to 1000m. Photos
  17. Coelogyne prasina Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 326. Malaysia, Philippines: MINDANAO. Photos
  18. Coelogyne quinquelamellata Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 280; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 61. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Epiphyte in lowland forest, up to 150m. Photos
  19. Coelogyne remediosae Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 484. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Epiphyte at mid to high elevation. Photos.
  20. Coelogyne rochussenii de Vriese, Ill. Orch. Ind. Neerl. (1854) t. 2, t. 11, Fig. 6; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 61. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi and Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. To 500m. Rather rare in the Philippines. Photos
  21. Coelogyne rubrolanata Elis.George & J.-C.George, Orchid Rev. 116(1280) (2008) 82 (81-83; figs.), Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis. Epiphyte 800-1000m. Photos
  22. Coelogyne salvaneraniana W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76(4) (2011) 55. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphyte, 700m. Photos
  23. Coelogyne sparsa Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 19 (1883) t. 306; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 283. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Mountain Province, Rizal, PALAWAN, PANAY: Antique, NEGROS: Negros Oriental. Common epiphyte at 900-1050m. Photos
  24. Coelogyne sulcata Elis.George & J.-C.George, Orchideen J 15(4) (2008) 172-175; figs. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, 600-900m. Photos
  25. Coelogyne swaniana Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1894) 183; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 283. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, PALAWAN. Epiphyte, 1600m. Photos
  26. Coelogyne usitana Roeth & O Gruss, Orchidee (Hamburg) 52 (2001) 211. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, sometimes lithophyte, 800m. Photos 
  27. Coelogyne vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 53; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 283. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Bauco, Vanoverbergh 2865), Epiphyte, 1700m.
  28. Coelogyne zahlbrucknerae Kranzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17 (1921) 389. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Quezon, CAMIGUIN. Epiphyte, sometimes lithophyte, over 1000m. Photos

Doubtful species:

  1. Coelogyne minutissima Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17 (1921) 390; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 282. “Philippines, probably LUZON, Loher s.n., No specimen seen”. –Ames, loc. cit. Possibly a Dendrochilum.

Collabium Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 February 2017

Photos
  1. Collabium formosanum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30, 1 (1911) 319. Taiwan, Philippines?
  2. Collabium simplex Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1881) t. 462. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. PANAY: Iloilo. Photos
  3. Collabium vesicatum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 98. Fiji, New Guinea, Solomon Isls., Vanuatu. Photo-documented in the Philippines by Pelser & Barcelona in NEGROS. Photos

Conostalix (Kraenzl.) Brieger = Dendrobium sect. Conostalix

Cordiglottis J.J.Sm. = Thrixspermum

Cordula Raf. = Paphiopedilum

Corybas Salisb.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Raab Bustamante, 22 March 2015

Photos
  1. Corybas laceratus LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 54; --Calcearia lacerata (LO Williams) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Orchadian 13(10) (2002) 445; --Type: Loher 14673 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Rizal prov., Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal.
  2. Corybas merrillii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 42; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 261; --Corysanthes merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 65; --Calcearia merrillii (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Orchadian 13(10) (2002) 445. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Mt Mariveles), Laguna (Mt Makiling), Terrestrial on mossy cliffs.
  3. Corybas ramosianus J Dransf., Kew Bull. 41 (1986) 611; --Gastrosiphon ramosianus (J Dransf.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13(10) (2002) 448. Endemic to the Philippines.

Corymborchis Thouars ex Blume = Corymborkis

Corymborkis Thouars

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Corymborkis veratrifolia (Reinw.) Blume, Coll. Orchid. (1859) 125; --Hysteria veratrifolia Reinw., Syll. Pl.  Nov. 2 (1825) 5. --Corymborkis confusa (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 48; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 280; --Corymbis  confusa (Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 395; --Chloidia confusa Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 67. India, Sri Lanka, China, Andaman Isls., Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, N. Australia, Samoa, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Apayao, Kalinga, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, BANCALAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Zamboanga, Agusan, JOLO, PALAWAN. Terrestrial in forest, 0-830m. Photos

Crepidium Blume

Edited by Ron Boos & Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2016

Photos
  1. Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 123; --Malaxis  acuminata D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 29. Crepidium bilobum (Lindl.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 124, with incorrect basionym ref.; --Malaxis acuminata var. biloba (Lindl.) Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 302; --Malaxis biloba (Lindl.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 122; --Microstylis biloba Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 20.
  2. Crepidium alagense (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 34; --Malaxis alagensis (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908), 122; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 302; --Fingardia alagensis (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 134; --Microstylis alagensis Ames, PJS 2  c (1907) Bot. 318. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO. Terrestrial, 100-400m. Photos
  3. Crepidium arietinum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 124; --Malaxis arietina Ames,  PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 411; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 302. --Pseudoliparis arietina (Ames) Marg. & Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 42. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Crepidium atrosanguineum (Ames) Marg. & Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 43; --Malaxis  atrosanguinea Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 30, Fig. 7; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 302. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Crepidium balabacense (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 124; --Pseudoliparis  balabacensis (Ames) Marg. & Szlach., Ann. Bot. Fenn. 37 (2000) 281; --Malaxis balabacensis Ames, PJS 6  c (1911) Bot. 42; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 302. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Crepidium bancanoides (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 124; --Malaxis  bancanoides Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 129; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. --Crepidium macgregorii (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 38; --Malaxis macgregorii Ames, PJS 6 c  (1911) Bot. 45; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. --Crepidium mindanaense (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 38; --Malaxis mindanaensis Ames, in  Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1560; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Ryukya Isls., Taiwan, Thailand, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao. Photos
  7. Crepidium bataanense (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 35; --Malaxis bataanensis Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 43; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Crepidium binabayense (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 124; --Malaxis binabayensis (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 124; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303; --Microstylis binabayensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 318. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY. Terrestrial, 300-700m. Photos
  9. Crepidium bracteosum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 125; --Malaxis bracteosa Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 111; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Crepidium copelandii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 125; --Malaxis copelandii Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 124; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  11. Crepidium cuneipetalum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 125; --Malaxis cuneipetala Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 288; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. --Crepidium ravanii Margonska, Phytotaxa 172 (2014) 51; --Type: Schneider s.n. (UGDA-HBM, holo and iso), Samar: Samar National Park, Nov-2013. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR.
  12. Crepidium davaensis (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Supp. 3 (1995) 126; --Malaxis davaensis  Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 69; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. Endemic to the Philippines.
  13. Crepidium dentatum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 126 ; --Malaxis dentata (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 125; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303; --Microstylis dentata Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 319. Endemic to the Philippines.
  14. Crepidium elmeri (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 126; --Malaxis elmeri Ames,  Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 126; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 304. Endemic to the Philippines.
  15. Crepidium hutchinsonianum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 127; --Malaxis  hutchinsoniana (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 128; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 304; --Microstylis hutchinsoniana Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 319. Endemic to the Philippines. Perhaps a synonym of Crepidium binabayense. Photos
  16. Crepidium lilacinum (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 37; --Malaxis lilacina Ames,  Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 35; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Endemic to Philippines. LEYTE, PANAY.
  17. Crepidium merrillii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 129; --Malaxis merrillii (Ames)  Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 128; --Microstylis merrillii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 319. Endemic to the Philippines.
  18. Crepidium mindorense (Rendle) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 38; --Malaxis mindorensis (Rendle) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 131; --Microstylis mindorensis Rendle, J. Bot. 34 (1896)  357. Endemic to the Philippines.
  19. Crepidium negrosianum (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 38; --Malaxis negrosiana Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1561; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  20. Crepidium propinquum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 130; --Malaxis propinqua Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 289; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Endemic to Philippines.
  21. Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 131;--Malaxis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 673 --Microstylis purpurea Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 20. --Crepidium rizalense (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 40; --Malaxis rizalensis Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) 46.
  22. Crepidium quadridentatum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 131; --Malaxis quadridentata (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 130; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305; --Microstylis quadridentata Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) 320. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO. Terrestrial, c. 800m. Photos
  23. Crepidium quadrilobum (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 131; --Malaxis quadriloba Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDORO, PANAY. Terrestrial, 800-1000m.
  24. Crepidium ramosii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 131; --Pseudoliparis ramosii  (Ames) Marg. & Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2001) 42; --Malaxis ramosii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 45; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 305. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, c. 700m. Photos
  25. Crepidium rheedei Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8 (1825) 387. Photos
  26. Crepidium taylorii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 132 ; --Malaxis taylori Ames,  Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 290; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 306. Endemic to the Philippines.
  27. Crepidium tjiwideiense (J.J.Sm.) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46(1) (2001) 43; --Microstylis tjiwideiensis J.J.Sm. Java, Philippines. MINDORO. Terrestrial, c. 660m. Photos
  28. Crepidium uncatum (Ames) MA Clem. & DL Jones, Lasianthera 1 (1996) 41; --Malaxis uncata Ames,  PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 46; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 306. Endemic to the Philippines.
  29. Crepidium wenzelii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 133; --Malaxis wenzelii Ames,  PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 412; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 306. Endemic to the Philippines.
  30. Crepidium williamsii (Ames) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3 (1995) 133; --Malaxis williamsii  Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 131; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 306. Endemic to the Philippines.

Species of uncertain taxonomic position but which may belong to this genus

  1. Crepidium bulusanensis (Ames) ined.; --Malaxis bulusanensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 33; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 303. 

Cryptostylis R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2016

Photos
  1. Cryptostylis acutata J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 3, 3 (1921) 243. Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Philippines.
  2. Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bogor. (1844) 48; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 261;  --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 103, Fig. 15; --Zosterostylis arachnites Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 419. India, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, and Borneo (Sarawak), LUZON: Apayao, Laguna, Rizal, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, BILIRAN, LEYTE, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Davao. A common, variable, and widely distributed species in the Philippines. Terrestrial, in forest at 30-1000m. According to Holttum (1954), peninsular Malayan plants may represent a distinct species. Photos
  3. Cryptostylis carinata J.J.Sm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11 (1912) 134. New Guinea, Philippines. MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Photos
  4. Cryptostylis taiwaniana Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 23 (1933) 208; --Cryptostylis arachnites var. taiwaniana (Masam.) SS Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 3 (1988) 622. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, LEYTE, MINDORO, SUBUYAN. Terrestrial, c. 600m. Photos

Cylindrolobus Blume

[Also considered a synonym of Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 September 2016

Photos
  1. Cylindrolobus alboluteus (Rolfe) J.J.Wood, Malesian Orchid J. 5 (2010) 87; --Eria albolutea Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1917) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 364. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphyte, c. 500m. Photos
  2. Cylindrolobus aliciae (Quisumb.) W.Suarez, OrchideenJournal 17 (2010) 13; --Eria aliciae Quisumb., PJS 66 (1938) 149. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, NEGROS: Negros Occidental. Terrestrial in shaded sites, 300-2750m in shaded location. (recheck as no parts of these provinces attain that elevation, except the Nueva Vizcaya side of Mt Pulag summit area), Philippines.
  3. Cylindrolobus brachystachyus (Rchb.f.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 445; --Eria  brachystachya Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 223; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 115; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 365. --Eria wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 c (1914) Bot. 428. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Kalinga, Tarlac, Rizal, Camarines, Sorsogon, Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Agusan. Epiphytic at sea-level to 1000m. Fairly common.
  4. Cylindrolobus cootesii (DP Banks) W.Suarez, OrchideenJournal 17 (2010) 13 (-14); --Eria cootesii DP Banks, OrchideenJournal 15 (2008) 78. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphyte, c. 500m. Photos
  5. Cylindrolobus datuguinai Naive, M.D.De Leon, Buenavista, OrchideenJournal 4-5 (2016) 3; --Type: M.D. De Leon 022/2016 (CMU10813, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan Mountain Range, 5-Jun-2016, 1778m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  6. Cylindrolobus elisheae J.J.Wood, Malesian Orchid J. 5 (2010) 87; --Eria elisheae O’Byrne, Mal. Orch. Rev. 34 (2000) 51-53. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO. Epiphyte, 350-600m. Photos
  7. Cylindrolobus fastigatifolius (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJournal 17 (2010) 13 (-14); --Eria fastigatifolia Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 191; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 367. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifuago, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO; Lanao, Surigao. Epiphyte, 300-1300m. Photos
  8. Cylindrolobus longissimus (Ames & Quisumb.) J.J.Wood, Malesian Orchid J. 5 (2010) 87; --Eria longissima Ames & Quisumb., PJS 44 (1931) 374. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal. Epiphyte, c. 1000m. Photos
  9. Cylindrolobus perspicabilis (Ames) W.Suarez, OrchideenJournal 17 (2010) 13 (-14); --Eria perspicabilis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 156; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373.

Cymbidium Sw.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2016

Photos
  1. Cymbidium aliciae Quisumb., PJS 72 (1940) 486; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 62. Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDORO, NEGROS: Negros Occidental. Terrestrial in shaded sites, 300-2750m. Photos
  2. Cymbidium aloifolium (L.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6 (1799) 73; --Epidendrum aloifolium L.,  Sp. Pl. (1753) 953. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls., S. China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao, SULU. Usually epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  3. Cymbidium atropurpureum (Lindl.) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 11 (1903) 190; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925)  403; --Cymbidium pendulum var. atropurpureum Lindl., Gard. Chron. (1854) 287; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  (2001) 62. Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Quezon, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur (Malita), Surigao del Norte (Lake Mainit), Surigao del Sur. Usually in high elevation areas to 2200m, commonly a high-crown epiphyte, sometimes lithophytic, usually in full sun. Photos
  4. Cymbidium bicolor Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 164. Philippine occurrence doubtful.
  5. Cymbidium chloranthum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (Misc.) (1843) 68; --Type: Loddiges cult. (K, holo). --Cymbidium chloranthum ssp. palawanense Lubag-Arquiza, Orch. Rev. 114 (2006) 264-265, 1271; --Type: Lubag-Arquiza PALM 2001.021 (UPLB, holo). Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao, PALAWAN. Epiphytic, 500-1200m. Photos
  6. Cymbidium cyperifolium Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 163.
  7. Cymbidium dayanum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1869) 710; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 63. --Cymbidium dayanum var. austrojaponicum Tuyama, Iconogr. Pl. Asiae Orient. 4 (1941) 363. India, China, Taiwan, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya. Commonly terrestrial but also found in hollow logs on trees, between 300-1800m. Photos
  8. Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw., Nov. Act. Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6 (1799) 77; --Epidendrum ensifolium L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 954. --Cymbidium gonzalesii Quisumb., PJS 72 (1940) 485, pl. 2, Fig. 1&2; pl. 6.
  9. Cymbidium finlaysonianum Lindl. in Wall. Cat. (1832) No. 7358, nomen, Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1833) 164; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 403; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 63. Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, Bulacan, Laguna, Rizal, Quezon, Albay, POLILLO, MINDORO, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, DINAGAT, TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Surigao. Sea-level to 300m, usually epiphytic, sometimes lithophytic, usually in very well-lit sites. Photos
  10. Cymbidium lancifolium Hook.f., Exot. Fl. 1 (1823) t 51. N. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Hongkong, China, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls., Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, W. Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Terrestrial, 300-2300m. Photos
  11. Cymbidium pubescens Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26 (Misc.) (1840) 75; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 64; --Cymbidium bicolor subsp. pubescens (Lindl.) Du Puy & P.J.Cribb, Genus Cymbidium (1988) 73. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur. Usually an epiphyte at low elevation to 300m. Photos

Cypripedium auct. mal. =Paphiopedilum

Cyrtosia Blume

Photos
  1. Cyrtosia javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 396. Galeola javanica (Blume) Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 3 (1883) 590.  Taiwan, Philippines, Java. LUZON: Cagayan. Photos

Cystopus Blume =Pristiglottis

Cystorchis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Cystorchis aphylla Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 32 (1896) 400; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Borneo, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pampanga, Bataan, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Terrestrial in forest at mid-elevation. Photos
  2. Cystorchis javanica (Blume) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 73 (Orch. Arch. Ind. (1859) 87, t. 24, Fig. 1, 1-16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 274; --Hetaeria javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 410. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, S Philippines, New Guinea (Irian Jaya), MINDANAO: Davao (Tagum-Compostela trail, in dense forest at 45m),
  3. Cystorchis luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 33; --Merr., EPFP 1 (192) 274; --Cootes, Orch. Philip.  (2001) 64. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY: Aklan. Terrestrial in forest, in shaded and damp sites, 800-1600m. Photos

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Acknowledgements

Jonah van Beijnen, Raab Bustamante, Derek Cabactulan, Michael Agbayani Calaramo, Jim Cootes, Miguel David De Leon, John Clifton Martyr, Ricardo L. Reyes, Ravan Schneider, Melanie Schori and Wally Suarez kindly provided a number of photographs found on this webpage. Jim Cootes, Ron Boos and Wally Suarez provided taxonomic insights. We are indebted to Andre Schuiteman for taxonomic advice.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 5 April 2017