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Orchidaceae

Genera N to Z

Including Apostasiaceae

Nephelaphyllum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Nephelaphyllum mindorense Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 316; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 280; --Tainia mindorensis (Ames) Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., II, 4 (1932) 706. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MINDORO, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial on dry slopes and in humid forest, altitude 200-1700m. Photos
  2. Nephelaphyllum pulchrum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 373. India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines.

Nervilia Comm. ex Gaudich.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Nervilia concolor (Blume) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 404; --Cordyla concolor Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 416. --Nervilia aragoana Gaudich., in Freycinet. Voy. Uranie et Physic. Bot. (1829) 422, t. 35; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 265. India, Burma, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, and New Guinea, and said to extend to Samoa. LUZON: Zambales, Rizal, Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao. Terrestrial, in forest. Photos
  2. Nervilia crociformis (Zoll. & Moritzi) Seidenf., Dansk Bot. Ark. 32 (1978) 151; --Bolborchis crociformis Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. (1846) 89. --Nervilia crispata (Blume) Schltr., in K Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. (1905) 82, in nota, in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Guin.) (1911) 38; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 266; --Pogonia crispata Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 32. Java, New Guinea. Philippines. PALAWAN: Taytay. in forests in dry slopes.
  3. Nervilia dilatata (Blume) Schltr., in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 402; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 266; --Pogonia dilatata Blume, Coll. Orchid. (1858) t. 10. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, BANCALAN. Grassy hillsides, c. 1600m altitude.
  4. Nervilia plicata (Andrews) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 403; --Arethusa plicata Andrews, Bot. Repos. 5 (1803) 321. --Nervilia discolor (Blume) Schltr., in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 45 (1911) 403; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 267; --Cordyla discolor Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 416. India, Bangladesh, Sikkim, China, Hongkong, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Indonesia, Taiwan, N Australia, Samoa, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Laguna, Batangas, Pangasinan, PANAY: Antique, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Grassy hillsides, 350-1240m. Photos
  5. Nervilia pudica (Ames) W.Suarez, Orchideen Journal 2 (2015) 65; --Pogonia pudica Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 44; --Type: Copeland 427 (AMES, holo). Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO?, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR.

Neuwiedia Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Neuwiedia veratrifolia Blume in Hoov. & de Vriese, Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. 1 (1834) 142; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 252; --Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 1 (1954) 64. Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, throughout Indonesia (Sumatra, Sulawesi), Borneo, New Guinea, Solomon Isls., Vanuatu, Philippines. MINDORO, LEYTE. Terrestrial, c. 750m. Photos

Oberonia Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Oberonia aporophylla Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 223; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 307. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Oberonia basilanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 72; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 307. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Oberonia benguetensis Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 307. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Oberonia cylindrica Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26 (1840) Misc. 20; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Mountain Province, Quezon, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato. Epiphytic. Photos
  5. Oberonia elmeri Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1564; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  6. Oberonia hispidula Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Benguet, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphytic, 800-1300m. Photos
  7. Oberonia leytensis Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 291, t. 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308. Endemic to the Philippines LEYTE. Epiphytic, low elevation.
  8. Oberonia lipensis Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 114; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Oberonia luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 74; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Oberonia lycopodioides (Koenig) Ormerod, Opera Bot. 124 (1995) 21; --Epidendrum lycopodioides Koenig in Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 55. --Oberonia anceps Lindl., Sert. Orch. (1838) sub t. 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 307. --Oberonia ancipita Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13A (1880) 230. Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Ambon, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, BOHOL, NEGROS, SAMAR, CULION, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphytic, 150-600m. 
  11. Oberonia mcgregorii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 321; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  12. Oberonia merrillii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 9; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Albay, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Zamboanga. Epiphtytic, up to 500m. Photos
  13. Oberonia mindorensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 322; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  14. Oberonia minima Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 75; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  15. Oberonia minutissima Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 115; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  16. Oberonia monstruosa (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 17; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309; --Malaxis monstruosa Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 895.
  17. Oberonia mucronata (D.Don) Ormerod & Seidenf. in G.Seidenf., Contr. Orchid Fl. Thailand 13 (1997) 20; --Stelis mucronata D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 32. --Oberonia denticulata var. iridifolia (Roxb.) S Misra, J. Orchid Soc. India 3 (1989) 69; --Oberonia iridifolia (Roxb.) Lindl. in Wall. Cat. (1828) no. 1948, pro parte, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 15; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 308; --Cymbidium iridifolium Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 458.
  18. Oberonia obesa Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 76; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  19. Oberonia reilloi Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 40; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  20. Oberonia rufilabris Lindl., Sertum Orchidearum (1838) t. 8A. Nepal, India, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, LEYTE. Epiphytic, up to 1300m. Photos
  21. Oberonia setigera Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 10; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Bataan, Nueva Vizcaya, LEYTE, MINDORO. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos
  22. Oberonia surigaensis Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 292; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 309. Endemic to the Philippines.
  23. Oberonia thisbe Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 223; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 310. Endemic to the Philippines.
  24. Oberonia toppingii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913, publ. 1914) Bot. 413; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 310. Philippines.
  25. Oberonia wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 77; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 310. India to Indo-China, Java, Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO.

Octarrhena Thw.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Octarrhena amesiana Schltr., Fedde Repert. 9 Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. (1911) 439; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 392. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, high elevation. Photos
  2. Octarrhena elmeri (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 192; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 392; --Phreatia elmeri Ames, LPB 5 (1912) 1581. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Octarrhena ensifolia (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 217; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 392; --Phreatia ensifolia Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 202. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Octarrhena gemmifera Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 193; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 393. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Octarrhena parvula Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1861) 305. Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic, 900-1800m. Photos

Oeceoclades Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Raab Bustamante, 21 March 2014

Photos
  1. Oeceoclades pulchra (Thouars) PJ Cribb & M.A.Clem., Austral. Orchid Res. 1 (1989) 99; --Limodorum pulchrum Thouars, Hist. Orchid. (1822) t. 43; --Eulophia pulchra (Thouars) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 182 (1833); --Eulophidium pulchrum (Thouars) Summerh., Bull. Jard. Bot. État 27 (1957) 400. --Eulophia macrostachya Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1833) 133, in Bot. Reg. 23 (1837) t. 1972; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 339; --Type: not from the Philippines. Throughout much of SE Asia. LUZON: Benguet, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, CAMIGUIN, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga. Terrestrial, up to 500m. Photos 

Omoea Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Omoea philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 232; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Bataan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, 800-2000m. Photos

Orchipedum Breda, Kuhl & Hasselt

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Orchipedum wenzelii (Ames) J.J.Sm., Blumea 1 (1934) 214; --Philippinaea wenzelii (Ames) Ames & Schltr. in Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 278, t. 100; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275; --Adenostylis wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 41. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Isabela (Palanan), Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Surigao. Terrestrial, 600-2000m. Photos

Osyricera Blume =Bulbophyllum

Oxystophyllum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2012, following Cootes 2011

Photos
  1. Oxystophyllum carnosum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 7 (1825) 336. Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphytic, low elevation.
  2. Oxystophyllum cultratum (Schltr.) MA Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 277; --Aporum cultratum (Schltr.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 94 (1983) 439; --Dendrobium cultratum Schltr., Fedde Repert. 10 (1911) 71; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 347; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 74. Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sulawesi, Papua New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Ifugao, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Pangasinan, POLILLO, CULION, PANAY, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, SAMAR, SIBUTU, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  3. Oxystophyllum elmeri (Ames) MA Clem., Telopea 10(1) (2003) 277; --Dendrobium elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1573; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 348. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic, up to 900m. Photos

Pachystoma Blume

Photos
  1. Pachystoma pubescens Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 376, t. 3, Fig. 29; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. Photos

Paphiopedilum Pfitzer

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Paphiopedilum acmodontum Schoser ex MW Wood, Orchid Rev. 84 (1976) 350. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Terrestrial, to c. 1000m. Photos
  2. Paphiopedilum adductum Asher, Orchid Digest 47 (1983) 224. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Paphiopedilum argus (Rchb.f) Stein, Orchideenb. (1892) 453; --Cordula argus (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 20 (1912) 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 253; --Cypripedium argus Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1873) 608. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Quezon, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, BOHOL. Grassy slopes, altitude 600-2200m. Photos
  4. Paphiopedilum barbatum Pfitzer, Pringsh. Jahrb. 19 (1888) 159; --Cordula barbata (Lindl.) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 20 (1912) 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 253 Peninsular Malaysia and Western Thailand. PALAWAN: Mt Victoria, forest on ultramafics, 930-1000m altitude. Not in Cootes’ (2006 & 2008) checklists.
  5. Paphiopedilum ciliolare (Rchb.f) Stein, Orchideenb. (1892) 462, Fig. 145; --Paphiopedilum superbiens subsp. ciliolare (Rchb.f) MW Wood, Bot. Mag. 183 (1981) 52; --Cordula ciliolaris (Rchb.f.) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 20 (1912) 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 254; --Cypripedium ciliolare Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1882) (2) 488. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, DINAGAT. Terrestrial, usually at the bases of shrubs, 310-1830m. Photos
  6. Paphiopedilum X expansum JT Atwood. Orchid Rev. 97(1148): 183 (1989). Natural hybrid = P. hennisianum × P. philippinense. Philippines.
  7. Paphiopedilum fowliei Birk, Orchid Digest 45 (1981) 63; --Paphiopedilum hennisianum var. fowliei (Birk) PJ Cribb, Genus Paphiopedilum (1987) 190. Paphiopedilum fowliei forma christianae Braem, Orchidées Cult. Protect. 36 (1998) 36. --Paphiopedilum fowliei forma sangianum (Braem) O Gruss & Roeth, Caesiana 12 (1999) 60; --Paphiopedilum fowliei var. sangianum Braem, Schlechteriana 4 (1993) 52. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Terrestrial at medium elevation of c. 700m. Photos
  8. Paphiopedilum haynaldianum (Rchb.f) Stein, Orchideenb. (1892) 470; --Cordula haynaldiana (Rchb.f) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 20 (1912) 2; -- Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 254; --Cypripedium haynaldianum Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1874) 222. --Paphiopedilum haynaldianum forma album Asher ex O Gruss & Roeth, Orchidee (Hamburg) 51 (2000) 749. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Rizal, NEGROS: Negros Occidental, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Usually lithophytic and frequently epiphytic, near sea level to 1500m. Photos
  9. Paphiopedilum hennisianum (MW Wood) Fowlie, Orchid Digest 41 (1977) 60; --Paphiopedilum barbatum var. hennisianum MW Wood, Orchid Rev. 84 (1976) 352. Paphiopedilum hennisianum forma christiansenii (Gruss & Röth) Gruss & Röth, Caesiana 12 (1999) 59; --Paphiopedilum hennisianum var. christiansenii O Gruss & Roeth, Orchidee (Hamburg) 47 (1996) 236. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Terrestrial, altitude c. 500m.  Endemic to the Philippines Photos
  10. Paphiopedilum lowii (Lindl.) Stein, Orchideenbuch (1892) 476. W & C Malesia, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  11. Paphiopedilum X mindanaense Golamco (P. anitum x P. superbiens). Endemic to the Philippines
  12. Paphiopedilum philippinense (Rchb.f) Stein, Orchideenb. (1892) 480; --Cordula philippinensis (Rchb.f) Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 20 (1912) 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 254; --Cypripedium philippinense Rchb.f., Bonplandia 10 (1862) 335. Paphiopedilum philippinense forma album Valmayor & D.Tiu in HL Valmayor, Orchid. Philip. 1 (1984) 262, nom. inval. Photos
  13. Paphiopedilum randsii Fowlie Orchid Digest 33 (1969) 321. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic, low altitudes to c. 500m.
  14. Paphiopedilum superbiens (Rchb.f.) Stein, Orchid.-Buch. (1892) 487. Sumatra, Philippines?
  15. Paphiopedilum urbanianum Fowlie, Orchid Digest 45 (1981) 131. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  16. Paphiopedilum usitatum O Gruss & J Roeth, Orchidee (Hamburg) 50 (1999) 4.

Parapteroceras Aver. = Tuberolabium

Pedilonum (Blume) Blume = Dendrobium sect. Calyptrochilus; Dendrobium sect. Pedilonum p.p.

Pennilabium J.J.Sm.

Photos
  1. Pennilabium confusum (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 189; --Saccolabium confusum Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 438; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Pennilabium luzonense (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 189; --Saccolabium luzonense Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 435; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. Endemic to the Philippines.

Peristylus Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2016

Photos
  1. Peristylus constrictus (Lindl.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 300. India to Indo-China, Philippines?
  2. Peristylus goodyeroides (D.Don) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 299; --Habenaria goodyeroides D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 25; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 257. India (Assam), Andaman Isls, Burma, Yunnan, Taiwan, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: La Union, Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, PANAY: Antique, MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon. A fairly common species in the Philippines, especially on LUZON, up to 1300m in Mountain Province. Photos
  3. Peristylus gracilis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 404; --Type from Java. --Habenaria zephyrica Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259; --Type: M.S. Clemens s.n. (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Lake Lanao, Nov-1906. Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Terrestrial. Photos
  4. Peristylus grandis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 405; --Type from Java. --Peristylus copelandii (Ames) Carr., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 8 (1935) 168; --Habenaria copelandii Ames, Orch. 2 (1908) 29; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256; --Type: E.B. Copeland 1403 (AMES, holo), Luzon: Bataan Prov., Lamao River, 490m, 8-Aug-1905. Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, PANAY, CULION, CORON. 15-1250m. Note by P.B. Pelser (7-Sep-16): Some consider Philippine plants distinct from Peristylus grandis and recognize it as Peristylus copelandii. Photos
  5. Peristylus hylophiloides Ormerod, Malesian Orchid J. 11 (2013) 74; --Type: C.M. Weber 200 (AMES, holo; AMES, GH, iso), Mindanao, Cottabato (Datto) District, Mandaghan, 18-Aug-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  6. Peristylus intrudens (Ames) Ormerod, Taiwania 56 (2011) 46; --Habenaria intrudens Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 1, Fig. 1; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258. Hong Kong, Nepal, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bulacan, Rizal. Elevation 90-100m.
  7. Peristylus lacertifer (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 9 (1927) 23; --Coeloglossum lacertiferum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 302. 
  8. Peristylus monticola (Ridl.) Seidenf., Dansk Bot. Ark. 31, 3 (1977) 35, Fig. 13; --Habenaria monticola Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 413. --Habenaria bisaeta Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 30; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 256. --Habenaria biloba (Rolfe) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21 (1925) 121; --Peristylus bilobus Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1899) 132. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Terrestrial in mountain regions at about 1300-2300m.
  9. Peristylus ponerostachys (Rchb.f.) Ormerod, Malesian Orchid J. 11 (2013) 74; --Habenaria ponerostachys Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 213; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259; --Type: H. Cuming 2095 (W, holo; AMES (photo), BM, K, iso), Philippines. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, NEGROS, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Terrestrial in forest, 230-1600m.
  10. Peristylus reticulatus (Ames) Ormerod, Malesian Orchid J. 11 (2013) 78; --Habenaria reticulata Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 154; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulogloko). Open pine slopes, 2000m.

Phaius Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Phaius amboinensis Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 180; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 178; --Type from Ambon. Philippines, Ambon, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Palau, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa, Cook Isls, Tahiti. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns, Lake Balinsasayao), JOLO (Mt Dajo). Altitude 610-975m.
  2. Phaius antoninae P.Balzer, OrchideenJournal 2(2) (2011) 62. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Phaius borneensis J.J.Sm., Icon. Bogor. 2 (1903) 6, t. 3, Fig. C; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 178; --Type from Borneo (Kalimantan). Borneo (Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines. PALAWAN (Penigsan, S Olsen 257, C).
  4. Phaius callosus (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1831) 128. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. MINDANAO. Photos
  5. Phaius flavus (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1831) 128; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 331; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 179 ; --Limodorum flavum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 375. --Type from Java. --Phaius linearifolius Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 10; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 331; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1288 (AMES, holo; iso in AMES 2 sheets; L, NY 2 sheets, US), Luzon: Mountain Province, growing in brooks, 1650m, 28-Jun-1911. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Samoa. Photos
  6. Phaius fragilis L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 102. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  7. Phaius lyonii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 94; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 332. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Phaius mishmensis (Lindl. & Paxton) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 43; --Limatodis mishmensis Lindl. & Paxton, Paxton’s Fl. Gard. 3 (1852) 36.
  9. Phaius philippinensis NE Br., Gard. Chron. iii, 6 (1889) 239; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 3 (1924) 332. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Phaius tankervilleae (Banks ex L’Herit.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 177; --Limodorum tankervilleae Banks ex L’Hér., Sert. Angl. (1789) 28. [Note: there are several spellings of the specific epithet: tankervilleae, tankervilliae, and tancervilliae that I assume all refer to the same species] Photos
  11. Phaius terrestris (L.) Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 59 (1994) 14; --Geodorum terrestre (L.) Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 2 (1997) 47; --Epidendrum terrestre L., Syst. Nat. ed. 2, 10 (1759) 1246. Bangladesh to Peninsula Malaysia, Philippines.

Phajus = Phaius

Phalaenopsis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Phalaenopsis amabilis (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 294, Fig. 44; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 410; --HR Sweet, Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 38 (1969) 683; --Epidendrum amabile L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 953; --Type from Java. Australia (Queensland), New Guinea, Seram, Moluccas, Ambon, Buru, Timor, Kei, Sulawesi, Philippines, Borneo, Java, Menatawai Isls (off Sumatra).
  2. Phalaenopsis aphrodite Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten-Blumenzeitung 18 (1862) 35; --Phalaenopsis amabilis var. aphrodite (Rchb.f.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 226; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 411. Taiwan, Philippines. Photos
  3. Phalaenopsis bastianii Gruss & Röllke, Orchidee (Hamburg) 42 (1991) 76. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi (Breda) Blume & Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten-Blumenzeitung 16 (1860) 116; --Polychilos cornu-cervi Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. (1827): t. s.n. Photos
  5. Phalaenopsis deliciosa Rchb.f., Bonplandia 2 (1854) 93 ; --Kingidium deliciosum (Rchb.f.) HR Sweet, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 39 (1970) 1095.
  6. Phalaenopsis equestris (Schauer) Rchb.f., Linnaea 22 (1849) 864; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 413; --Stauroglottis equestris Schauer, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl. 1 (1843) 432 . --Phalaenopsis rosea Lindl., Gard. Chron. (1848) 671; --Phalaenopsis equestris var. rosea Valmayor & D Tiu in Valmayor, Orchid. Philip. 1 (1984) 270 (1984), nom. inval. Phalaenopsis equestris forma aurea Christenson, Phalaenopsis (2001) 245. Phalaenopsis equestris forma cyanochila O Gruss, Orchidee 52 (2001) 749. Phalaenopsis equestris var. alba (Hort.) Sweet, Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 36 (1967) 143. Phalaenopsis equestris var. leucaspis Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 15 (1881) 688; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414. Phalaenopsis equestris var. leucotanthe Rchb.f., l’Orchidoph. 3 (1883) 490; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414. Photos
  7. Phalaenopsis fasciata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 18 (1882) 134; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414; --Polychilos fasciata (Rchb.f.) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 23. Phalaenopsis fasciata var. flava Valmayor & Tiu, in Valmayor, Orchid. Philip. 1 (1984) 270, nom. inval. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Albay, Sorsogon, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Epiphyte, to 300m.
  8. Phalaenopsis fuscata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 2 (1874) 6; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414; --Polychilos fuscata (Rchb.f.) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 28.
  9. Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica (Rchb.f) HR Sweet, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 38 (1969) 36; --Polychilos hieroglyphica (Rchb.f.) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 23; --Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana var. hieroglyphica Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. iii, 2 (1877) 586; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415. Endemic to the Philippines. POLILLO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphyte in deep shade, to 500m. Photos
  10. Phalaenopsis lindenii Loher, J. des Orch. 6 (1895) 103; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija. Epiphyte, 1000-1500m. Photos
  11. Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana Rchb.f., Bot. Zeit. 23 (1865) 146; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414. --Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana var. delicata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (March 1865) 434; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415. --Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana var. ochracea Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1865) 438; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Laguna, Camarines Norte, Sorsogon, POLILLO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur. Epiphyte, to 500m. Photos
  12. Phalaenopsis mariae Burb. ex R Warner & H Williams, Orch. Album 2 (1883) t. 80 et sub t. 87; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415; --HR Sweet, Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 38 (1969) 228, f. 31, 32, 35, 35a; --Type: FW Burbridge s.n. (BM, W). Jolo: Bunt-Doohan, altitude 2000 ft. Polychilos mariae (Burbridge ex R Warner & H Williams) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 25. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, JOLO. Up to 700m altitude in Cotabato. Photos
  13. Phalaenopsis micholitzii Rolfe, Gard. Chron. iii, 8 (1890) 187; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415; --Polychilos micholitzii (Rolfe) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 25. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur. Epiphyte, to 400m.
  14. Phalaenopsis pallens (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1864) 932; --Trichoglottis pallens Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. London 5 (1850) 34. --Phalaenopsis pallens foma alba (Ames & Quisumb.) Christenson, Phalaenopsis (2001) 152; --Phalaenopsis mariae var. alba Ames & Quisumb., PJS 56 (1935) 461. --Phalaenopsis pallens var. trullifera Sweet, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 38 (1969) 227, f. 30; --Type: Whitford 1097 (AMES). Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River. Feb-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan (Mt Mariveles), Bulacan, Rizal, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, to 500m. Photos
  15. Phalaenopsis philippinensis Golamco ex Fowlie & CZ Tang, Orchid Digest 51 (1987) 92. Endemic to the Philippines.
  16. Phalaenopsis pulcherrima (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32 (1933) 366; --Doritis pulcherrima Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 178. India to China and W Malesia, Philippines?
  17. Phalaenopsis pulchra (Rchb.f.) HR Sweet, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 37 (1968) 1102; --Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana var. pulchra Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 4 (1875) 36; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 415;  --Polychilos pulchra (Rchb.f.) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, LEYTE. Epiphyte, to 500m. Photos
  18. Phalaenopsis reichenbachiana Rchb.f. & Sander, Gard. Chron. ii, 18 (1882) 586; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 416; --Polychilos reichenbachiana (Rchb.f. & Sander) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  19. Phalaenopsis sanderiana Rchb.f., Flora 63 (1882) 466; --Phalaenopsis amabilis var. aphrodite subvar. sanderiana (Rchb.f) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 228; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 412. --Phalaenopsis sanderiana var. alba (Veitch) Stein; --Phalaenopsis amabilis var. aphrodite subvar. sanderiana forma alba (Veitch) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 228; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 413. --Phalaenopsis amabilis var. aphrodite subvar. sanderiana forma marmorata (Rchb.f) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 228; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 413; -- Phalaenopsis sanderiana var. marmorata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., ii, 20 (1883) 812. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Davao del Sur. Epiphytic, to 500m. Photos
  20. Phalaenopsis schilleriana Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten-Blumen Zeitung 16 (1860) 115, 116; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 416. --Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. pallida Valmayor & Tiu, Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. purpurea O’ Brien, Gard. Chron., III, 11 (1892) 105; Hort. ex Rolfe, J. des Orch. 2 (1892) 358; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. --Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. splendens R.Warner, Select Orchid. Pl., III, (1878) t. 5; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. --Phalaenopsis schilleriana forma immaculata (Rchb.f.) Christenson, Phalaenopsis (2001) 211; --Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. immaculata Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 3 (1875) 429; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 416. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, MARINDUQUE, BILIRAN. Epiphyte, up to 800m.
  21. Phalaenopsis stuartiana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 16 (1881) 748, 753, Fig. 149; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. --Phalaenopsis stuartiana var. bella Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., III, 3 (1888) 200. --Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. vestalis Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 17 (1882) 330; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. Epiphytic at low elevation to 300m. Photos
  22. Phalaenopsis sumatrana Korth. & Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 16 (1860) 115; --Polychilos sumatrana (Korth. & Rchb.f.) Shim, Malayan Nat. J. 36 (1982) 26. Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Epiphyte, altitude 700m.

Natural hybrids

  1. Phalaenopsis × amphitrite O’Brien, Gard. Chron. (1892) 619. = P. sanderiana × P. stuartiana.
  2. Phalaenopsis × intermedia Lindl., Paxton’s Fl. Gard. 3 (1852) 162. = P. aphrodite × P. equestris.
  3. Phalaenopsis × leucorrhoda Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 3 (March 1875) 301, 366; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 414. = P. aphrodite × P. schilleriana.
  4. Phalaenopsis × rolfeana H.R.Sweet, Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 38: 889 (1969). = P. equestris × P. sanderiana.
  5. Phalaenopsis × veitchiana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1872) 935; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. = P. equestris × P. schilleriana. --Phalaenopsis X gertrudeae Quisumb., PJS 76 (1941) 81. --Phalaenopsis × virataii Quisumb., Philip. Orchid Rev. 6 (1956) 4.
  6. Phalaenopsis schilleriana × P. stuartiana Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 8 (1900) 94, 113, Fig. 18; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 417. According to Ames, l.c. “Said to be a natural hybrid of Philippine origin”.

Philippinaea Ames & Schltr. =Orchipedum

Pholidota Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Pholidota articulata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 38. China to tropical Asia, Philippines. Photos
  2. Pholidota carnea (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 37; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 300; --Crinonia carnea Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 339.
  3. Pholidota imbricata Lindl. in Hook., Exot. Fl. 2 (1825) t. 138; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 300. Photos
  4. Pholidota ventricosa (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 43; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 301; --Chelonanthera ventricosa Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 384. Photos

Phragmorchis L.O.Williams

No Photos
  1. Phragmorchis teretifolia L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 53. Endemic to the Philippines.

Phreatia Lindl.

Photos
  1. Phreatia amesii Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich iv. 50 (50) (1911) 16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 395; --Octarrhena amesii (Kraenzl.) PF Hunt, Kew Bull. 24 (1970) 95. Photos
  2. Phreatia aristulifera Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 199; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 395. 
  3. Phreatia caulescens Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 200;  --Octarrhena caulescens (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 192; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 392.
  4. Phreatia densiflora (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 64; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 395. --Dendrolirium densiflorum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 343. 
  5. Phreatia infundibuliformis Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 20; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Phreatia listrophora Ridl. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 307. Peninsular Thailand to Malesia, Philippines. Photos
  7. Phreatia luzoniensis Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 96; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  8. Phreatia mearnsii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 21; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Phreatia negrosiana Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1582; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Phreatia plantaginifolia (Koenig) Ormerod, Opera Bot. 124 (1995) 22; --Epidendrum plantaginifolium Koenig in Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 60; --Cymbidium plantaginifolium (J Koenig) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 101. --Phreatia secunda (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 64; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396; --Eria secunda  (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 54; --Dendrolirium secundum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 350. Photos
  11. Phreatia prorepens Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 54, in textu; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Synonym of Phreatia tahitensis Lindl.?
  12. Phreatia ramosii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 21; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 396. Endemic to the Philippines.
  13. Phreatia sulcata (Blume) J.J.Sm. Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 505; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 397; --Eria sulcata (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 69; --Dendrolirium sulcatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 347. --Phreatia bracteata Ames, PJS 4 c (1910) 674, nom. illeg. Photos
  14. Phreatia vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 22; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 397. Endemic to the Philippines.
  15. Phreatia wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 196; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 397. Endemic to the Philippines.
  16. Phreatia xantholeuca Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 397. Endemic to the Philippines.

Pilophyllum Schltr.

Photos
  1. Pilophyllum villosum (Blume) Schltr., Orchideen (1914) 131; --Chrysoglossum villosum Blume, Bijdr.  (1825) 338, Fig. 7; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 280.  Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines: MINDORO: Binabay River, Merrill 5838. Terrestrial, 300-800m. Photos

Pinalia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

[Philippine species of Pinalia are also sometimes placed in Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 November 2016

Photos
  1. Pinalia barbifrons (Kraenzl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 69; --Eria barbifrons Kraenzl. in Engl. Pflanzenreich iv. 50(50) (1911) 52; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 364. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Pinalia bractescens (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria bractescens Lindl., Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) Misc. 18; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 365; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 116. --Eria bractescens Lindl. var. latipetala Leav, Philipp. J. Sci., C 4(3): 232. 1909 [Aug 1909]. India, Nepal, Sikkim, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Epiphyte, low altitudes up to 500m. 
  3. Pinalia carnicolor (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria carnicolor Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 152; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Pinalia compacta (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria compacta Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 329; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Pinalia copelandii (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria copelandii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 203, 226, Fig. 3; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Synonym of Pinalia formosana (Rolfe) Ormerod?
  6. Pinalia curranii (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria curranii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 210, 233, Fig. 13; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Pinalia cylindrostachya (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria cylindrostachya Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 190; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  8. Pinalia dagamensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria dagamensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 147; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 367. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Pinalia densa (Ridl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria densa Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 31 (1896) 281. Indo-China to W Malesia, Philippines?
  10. Pinalia floribunda (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Urostachya floribunda (Lindl.) Brieger, Schlechter Orchideen 1(11-12): 716 (1981), with incorrect basionym ref.; --Eria floribunda Lindl. in Wall. Cat. (1832) No. 7408, nomen, Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (1843) Misc. 43; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 367; -- Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 116. Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Bukidnon, Agusan. Epiphyte, lowlands to 1300m.
  11. Pinalia formosana (Rolfe) Ormerod, Malesian Orchid J. 7 (2011) 85; --Eria formosana Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1896) 194. --Pinalia tomentosiflora (Hayata) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria tomentosiflora Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 2 (1912) 137. --Type from Taiwan. Taiwan, Philippines.
  12. Pinalia graciliscapa (Rolfe) J.J.Wood, Malesian Orchid J. 4 (2009) 28; --Eria graciliscapa Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 93; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 366. Endemic to the Philippines.
  13. Pinalia hirsutipetala (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Trichotosia hirsutipetala (Ames) Schuit. & de Vogel, Blumea 48 (2003) 513; --Eria hirsutipetala Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 102; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 369. --Type: BS 39124 Ramos & Edaño (AMES, holo; K, US, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  14. Pinalia hutchinsoniana (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria hutchinsoniana Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 330; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 369. Endemic to the Philippines.
  15. Pinalia jarensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria jarensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 150; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 369. Endemic to the Philippines.
  16. Pinalia leavittii (Kraenzl) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria leavittii Kraenzl. in Engl. Pflanzenreich iv. 50(50) (1911) 52; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 370. Endemic to the Philippines.
  17. Pinalia loheriana (Kraenzl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 69; --Eria loheriana Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 387; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371; --Plocoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) Goebel, Entfaltungsbew., ed. 2: 388 (1924). Endemic to the Philippines.
  18. Pinalia longicruris (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria longicruris Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 205, 228, Fig. 6; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  19. Pinalia longilabris (Lindl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria longilabris Lindl., Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) Misc. 38; 30 (1844) sub t. 29, Fig. 3; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  20. Pinalia lyonii (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria lyonii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 212, 234, Fig. 17; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  21. Pinalia macera (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria macera Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 103; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 371. Endemic to the Philippines.
  22. Pinalia maquilingensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria maquilingensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 152; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines.
  23. Pinalia mearnsii (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 69; --Aeridostachya mearnsii (Leavitt) Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94 (1983) 436; --Eria mearnsii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 216, 236; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines.
  24. Pinalia merrittii (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria merrittii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 331; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines.
  25. Pinalia microchila (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria microchila Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 104; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines.
  26. Pinalia nielsenii Cootes, Cabactulan & M.D.De Leon, OrchideenJournal 23 (2016) 167; --Type: M.D. De Leon s.n. (CMU00010828, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 25-Aug-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphyte, 1000m. Photos
  27. Pinalia ovata (Lindl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria ovata Lindl., Bot. Reg. 30 (1844) sub t. 29; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373. --Eria bontocensis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 427; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 365. --Eria elmeri Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 93. --Eria racemosa Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 206, 229; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. --Eria retroflexa Lindl., J. Linn. Soc. 3 (1859) 60; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 374. --Eria ovata var. retroflexa (Lindl.) Garay & HR Sweet, Orchids S Ryukyu Isls (1974) 113; --Eria retroflexa Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 60. --Eria merrillii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 331; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Photos
  28. Pinalia philippinensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 94; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  29. Pinalia polyura (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria polyura Lindl., Bot. Reg. 27 (1841) Misc. 55; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 373. Endemic to the Philippines.
  30. Pinalia profusa (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria profusa Lindl., Bot. Reg. 28 (1842) Misc. 3; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. Endemic to the Philippines.
  31. Pinalia puguahaanensis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria puguahaanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 157; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. Endemic to the Philippines.
  32. Pinalia ramosa (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria ramosa Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374; --Eria vagans Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 106, non Schltr. Endemic to the Philippines.
  33. Pinalia rhodoptera (Rchb.f.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria rhodoptera Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 18 (1882) 586; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. Endemic to the Philippines.
  34. Pinalia ringens (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria ringens Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222. Myanmar, Philippines?
  35. Pinalia senilis (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria senilis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 159; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  36. Pinalia taylorii (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria taylorii Ames, Sched. Orchid. 5 (1923) 31; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Endemic to the Philippines.
  37. Pinalia tridens (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria tridens Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1580; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  38. Pinalia ventricosa (Leavitt) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 71; --Eria ventricosa Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 211, 234, Fig. 16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Endemic to the Philippines.
  39. Pinalia woodiana (Ames) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (2009) 70; --Eria woodiana Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 332; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 376. Endemic to the Philippines.
  40. Pinalia xanthocheila (Ridl.) W.Suarez & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 16 (200970; --Eria xanthocheila Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 1 (1907) 102. Indo-China to W Malesia. Photos

Platanthera Rich.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Platanthera angustata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1835) 290; --Habenaria angustata (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 664; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 255; --Mecosa angustata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 403. Photos
  2. Platanthera elmeri (Ames) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 108; --Habenaria elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1550; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 257; --Type: Elmer 11845a (AMES, holo; NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya, Nov-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Only known from the type. Perhaps a marginal form of Platanthera angustata (Efimov 2016).
  3. Platanthera halconensis (Ames) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9 (1911) 212; --Habenaria halconensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 312; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 258; --Type: Merrill 5835 (AMES, holo), Mindoro: Mt Halcon, 20-Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Only known from the type. Perhaps a marginal form of Platanthera angustata (Efimov 2016).
  4. Platanthera kinabaluensis Kraenzl. in Gibbs, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. xlii. (1914) 160; --Type from Borneo. Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO (Mt Halcon vicinity). 1500-4000m.
  5. Platanthera longibracteata Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4 (1914) 122, non Lindl.; --Type from Taiwan. --Habenaria mearnsii Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 3; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 259; --Platanthera mearnsii (Ames) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 107; --Type: Mearns 4313 (AMES, lecto), Luzon: Benguet Prov., Jul-1907. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Pauai and Mt Pulag), c. 2300m. Photos
  6. Platanthera stapfii Rolfe in Gibbs, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. xlii. (1914) 160; --Type from Borneo. Borneo, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. 1500-3400m.

Plocoglottis Blume

Photos
  1. Plocoglottis bicallosa Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1915) 1571; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Plocoglottis bicomata L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 47. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Plocoglottis copelandii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 326; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Plocoglottis lucbanensis Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1572; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Plocoglottis mindorensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 327; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. --Plocoglottis macgregorii Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 121; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. --Plocoglottis wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 101; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 338. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  6. Plocoglottis plicata (Roxb.) Ormerod, Orchids (2001) 293; --Limodorum plicatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: (1832) 465. --Plocoglottis acuminata Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 46. --Plocoglottis latifolia Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 47 (1849). --Dendrobium javanicum Korth. ex Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1850) 46. Photos

Poaephyllum Ridl.

No Photos
  1. Poaephyllum grandiflorum Quisumb., PJS 66 (1938) 150. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Poaephyllum pauciflorum Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 1 (1907) 109; --Agrostophyllum pauciflorum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5 (1890) 824.

Podochilus Blume

Photos
  1. Podochilus bicaudatus Schltr., Fedde Repert. 3 (1906) 19; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 320. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Podochilus cumingii Schltr., Fedde Repert. 3 (1906) 19; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Podochilus hystricinus Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 42, Fig. 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Podochilus intricatus Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 415; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Podochilus longilabris Ames in Elmer LPB 5 (1912) 1565; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. --Podochilus serpyllifolius (Blume) Lindl., J. Linn. Soc. 3 (1859) 37; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 322. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Podochilus lucescens Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 295. --Podochilus robinsonii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 49. Photos
  7. Podochilus plumosus Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 668; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  8. Podochilus ramosii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 415; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Podochilus sciuroides Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 41; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 321. 
  10. Podochilus strictus Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 669; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 322. --Status? Not in Cootes’ (2006) checklist. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Polystachya Hook.

Photos
  1. Polystachya concreta (Jacq.) Garay & HR Sweet, Orquideologia 9 (1974) 206; --Epidendrum concretum Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 30. --Polystachya luteola (Sw.) Hook., Exot. Fl. 2 (1824) t. 103, nom. illeg.; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 329; -- Cranichis luteola Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. 3 (1806) 1433. Photos

Pomatocalpa Breda

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Pomatocalpa andamanum (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 103; --Cleisostoma andamanum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 71.
  2. Pomatocalpa bicolor (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Nat. Tijdrschr. Ned. Ind. 72 (1912) 103 (reprint 33); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 438; --Cleisostoma bicolor Lindl., Paxton’s Fl. Gard. 2 (1851) 99. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Pomatocalpa diffusum Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 4 (1830) t. --Pomatocalpa latifolia (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. Nat. Tijdrschr. Ned. Ind. 72 (1912) 105 (reprint 35); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 438; --Cleisostoma latifolium Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 26 (Misc.) (1840) 60. --Sarcanthus cumingii (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 85; --Cleisostoma cumingii Rchb.f., Allg. Gartenzeitung 24 (1856) 218. --Pomatocalpa hortense (Ridl.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 104; --Saccolabium hortense Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 39 (1870) 83.
  4. Pomatocalpa fuscum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Nat. Tijschr. Ned. Ind. 72 (1912) 104; --Cleisostoma fuscum Lindl., J. Hort. Soc. 80 (1850).  Photos
  5. Pomatocalpa kunstleri (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 104; --Cleisostoma kunstleri Hook.f., Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 24 (1894) t. 2335. --Pomatocalpa merrillii Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1913) 988; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 438. Photos
  6. Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 105 (1912); --Cleisostoma maculosum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 227. India to W and C Malesia, Philippines?
  7. Pomatocalpa spicatum Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. (1827) t. 15. --Pomatocalpa vitellinum (Rchb.f.) Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 439; --Cleisostoma vitellinum Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1877) 76. --Pomatocalpa setulense (Ridl.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Sing. 11 (1947) 287; --Saccolabium setulense Ridl., J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 59 (1911) 198. Photos

Porrorhachis Garay

Photos
  1. Porrorhachis galbina (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23 (1972) 191. Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDANAO. Photos

Porphyrodesme Schltr. = Renanthera

Preptanthe Rchb.f.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Raab Bustamante, 11 June 2015

Photos
  1. Preptanthe vestita (Wall. ex Lindl.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 146; --Calanthe vestita Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 250. Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Ceram, Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao. Terrestrial, mid-elevation. Photos

Pristiglottis Cretz. & J.J.Sm.

No Photos
  1. Pristiglottis mindanaensis (Ames) Cretz. & J.J.Sm., Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, ser. 2, Bot. 1(14) (1934) 5; --Cystopus mindanaensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 34; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 274. CAMIGUIN: Mt Mahinog, on tree top. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Pristiglottis philippinensis (Ames) Cretz. & J.J.Sm., Acta Fauna Fl. Universali, ser. 2, Bot. 1(14) (1934)  5; --Cystopus philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 35; in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 274. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta), Sorsogon (Lake Pulog), the latter in moss at 500m. Endemic to the Philippines.

Pseudacoridium Ames =Dendrochilum

Pseudovanilla Garay

No Photos
  1. Pseudovanilla philippinensis (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 30 (1986) 235; --Galeola philippinensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1924) 5; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 263. Endemic to the Philippines.

Pteroceras Hasselt ex Hassk.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 April 2014

Photos
  1. Pteroceras leopardinum (Parish & Rchb.f) Seidenf. & Smitin., Orchids Thailand (Prelim. List) (1963) 535; --Thrixspermum leopardinum Parish & Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30 (1874) 145. --Sarcochilus benguetensis Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 493. Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Philippines. Photos
  2. Pteroceras longicalcareum (Ames & Rolfe) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 193; --Sarcochilus longicalcareus Ames & Rolfe, Orch. 5 (1915) 212; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Pteroceras philippinense (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23, 4 (1972) 194; --Sarcochilus philippinensis (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 215, non Vidal; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 408; --Thrixspermum philippinense Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 437. --Pteroceras pustulatum Senghas, Orchidee 40 (1989) 5. --Type: Heidelberg cult. 0-19768 (HEID, ill. Senghas). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Pteroceras teres (Blume) Holttum, Kew Bull. 14 (1960) 271; --Aerides teres (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 240; --Thrixspermum teres (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1868) 121; --Sarcochilus teres (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 499; --Dendrocolla teres Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 289. --Pteroceras suaveolens (Roxb.) Holttum, Kew Bull. 14 (1960) 271; --Sarcochilus suaveolens (Roxb.) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 33; --Aerides suaveolens Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 473. --Sarcochilus palawanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 214; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 407. Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls., Moluccas, and Philippines. Photos

Renanthera Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Renanthera breviflora (Rchb.f.) R Rice & JJ Wood, Orchid Rev. 111 (1254) (2003) 349; --Renanthera matutina (Blume) Lindl. var. breviflora Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. n.s., 12 (2) (1879) 70.
  2. Renanthera caloptera (Rchb.f.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 68; --Ascoglossum calopterum (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 975; --Cootes, Orch. Philip. (2001) 30; --Saccolabium calopterum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 18 (1882) 520; New Guinea, Moluccas, Philippines. DINAGAT. Epiphyte up to 300m. Photos
  3. Renanthera elongata Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 218; --Porphyrodesme elongata (Blume) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23 (1972) 191; --Aerides elongatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 367.
  4. Renanthera matutina (Poir.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 218; --Epidendrum matutinum Poir. in Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1 (1810) 384. --Renanthera angustifolia Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 49. Photos
  5. Renanthera monachica Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 224; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 428. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Renanthera philippinensis (Ames & Quisumb.) L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 31; --Renanthera storiei var. philippinensis Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 110. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  7. Renanthera porphyrodesme (Schltr.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 68; --Saccolabium porphyrodesme Schltr., Nachtr. Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee [Schumann & Lauterbach] (1905) 229; --Porphyrodesme papuana Schltr. -- Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 983 (1913). --Porphyrodesme sarcanthoides (J.J.Sm.) WU Mahyar, Reinwardtia 10(4) (1988) 418; --Renanthera sarcanthoides J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 2, 25 (1917) 94. Sumatra to New Guinea, Philippines. Photos
  8. Renanthera storiei Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 14 (1880) 296; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 428. --Renanthera storiei var. citrina Valmayor & Tiu. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Rhomboda Lindl.

Photos
  1. Rhomboda blackii (Ames) Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 63, 4 (1998) 11; --Hetaeria blackii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 43; -- in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 278. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao.
  2. Rhomboda cristata (Blume) Ormerod, Orchadian 11 (1995) 333; --Hetaeria cristata Blume, Coll. Orchid. (1859) 103. Photos
  3. Rhomboda lanceolata (Lindl.) Ormerod, Orchadian 11 (1995) 329; --Dossinia lanceolata Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1 (1857) 186. --Rhomboda luzonensis (Ames) Ormerod, Orchadian 11 (1995) 332; --Zeuxine luzonensis (Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 394; --Adenostylis luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 57; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 276. --Adenostylis vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 408; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 277. LUZON (Cordillera Mtns); MINDORO. Terrestrial in montane forests, 930-2540m. Photos

Rhynchostylis Blume

Photos
  1. Rhynchostylis gigantea (Lindl.) Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 356; --Gastrochilus giganteus (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 661; --Anota gigantea (Lindl.) Fukuy., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 34 (1944) 111; --Saccolabium giganteum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 221. Photos
  2. Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 286, Fig. 49; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 423; --Gastrochilus retusus (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 66; --Saccolabium retusum (L.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutta (1845) 630; --Limodorum retusum (L.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6 (1799) 80; --Aerides retusum (L.) Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 2 (1799) 233; --Epidendrum retusum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 953. --Gastrochilus praemorsus (Willd.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 661; --Saccolabium praemorsum (Willd.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1830) 22; --Rhynchostylis praemorsa (Willd.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 286; --Aerides praemorsum Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 130. --Orchis lanigera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 641. Photos
  3. Rhynchostylis rieferi W.E.Higgins, Selbyana 31 (2013) 40; --Type: R. Riefer s.n (SEL, holo). Endemic to the Philippines.

Rhytionanthos Garay, Hamer & Siegerist = Bulbophyllum

Robiquetia Gaudich.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 December 2016

Photos
  1. Robiquetia aberrans (Schltr.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 68; --Saccolabium aberrans Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 202. --Malleola baliensis J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 2 (1920) 118. Java, Bali, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  2. Robiquetia amesiana Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 69; --Malleola constricta Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 234; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, POLILLO, BOHOL, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato. Epiphytic, up to 700m.
  3. Robiquetia bifidus (Lindl.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 69; --Megalotus bifidus (Lindl.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 185; --Sarcanthus bifidus (Lindl.) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 245; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436; --Saccolabium bifidum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.) (1838) 3. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato. Epiphytic, up to 1200m. Photos
  4. Robiquetia cerina (Rchb.f) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 196; --Saccolabium cerinum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1888) (2) 206. --Robiquetia merrillii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 123; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 435; --Malleola merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 236. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Robiquetia compressa (Lindl.) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1913) 983; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434; --Gastrochilus compressus (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 661; --Saccolabium compressum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 29 (Misc.) (1843) 9. -- Robiquetia ramosii Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 123; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 435. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  6. Robiquetia discolor (Rchb.f) Seidenf. & Garay, Bot. Tidsskr. 67 (1972) 119; --Saccolabium discolor Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. (1878) 42. --Schoenorchis mindanaensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 240; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. PANAY: Antique. Epiphytic, altitude 15m in Mindanao. [as Schoenorchis mindanaensis]. Photos
  7. Robiquetia dutertei Cootes, Naive & M.D.De Leon, Die Orchidee 2 (2016) 4; --Type: MDL 003/2016 (CMUH 00010823, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Kalatungan Mountain
    Range, 1400m., 22-May-2016. Endemic Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  8. Robiquetia eburnea (W.Suarez & Cootes) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 69; --Malleola eburnea W.Suarez & Cootes, Austral. Orch. Rev. 72 (2007) 18. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Laguna. Epiphytic, 200-500m. Photos
  9. Robiquetia enigma Ferreras & W.Suarez, Aust. Orch. Rev. 74(6) (2009) 38. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  10. Robiquetia flammea (R.Boos, Cootes & W.Suarez) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 69; --Malleola flammea R.Boos, Cootes & W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76 (2011) 51. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m. Photos
  11. Robiquetia lyonii (Ames) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 70. --Malleola lyonii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 235; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434. Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE. Epiphytic, c. 300m. Photos
  12. Robiquetia minimiflora (Hook.f.) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 70; --Abdominea minimiflora (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz., 2, 25 (1917) 98; --Schoenorchis minimiflora (Hook.f.) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 241; --Gastrochilus minimiflorus (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 661; --Saccolabium minimiflorum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 59. --Schoenorchis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 241; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436. Thailand, Peninsula Malaysia, Java, Bali, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, BOHOL, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Agusan, Bukidnon. Epiphytic 500-1000m. Photos
  13. Robiquetia pantherina (Kränzl.) Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 95; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 435; --Saccolabium pantherinum Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17 (1921) 391. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  14. Robiquetia reflexa (R.Boos & Cootes) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 70; --Malleola reflexa R.Boos & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 1-1 (2013) 6; --Type: Boos Mar-2011 (PUH, holo), Negros, Northern Negros Occidental. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS.
  15. Robiquetia schizogenia (Ferreras, Cootes & R.Boos) ined.; --Malleola schizogenia Ferreras, Cootes & R.Boos, OrchideenJournal 23 (2016) 76; --Type: Ferreras UF 748 (PNH, holo; PUH, iso), Mindanao: South Cotabato Prov., Tukay Mal, 1273 m.a.s.l., 20-Oct-2009. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: South Cotabato.
  16. Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 114; --Cleisostoma spathulatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 364. --Pomatocalpa densiflorum (Lindl.) T Tang & FT Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1 (1951) 99; --Rhynchostylis densiflora (Lindl.) L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1937) 58; --Gastrochilus densiflorus (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 661; --Aerides densiflorum (Lindl.) Wall. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 72; --Sarcanthus densiflorus (Lindl.) Parish & Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30 (1874) 136; --Saccolabium densiflorum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 220. Photos
  17. Robiquetia sulitiana (Ormerod) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 70; --Samarorchis sulitiana Ormerod, Taiwania 53(2) (2008) 157-164. Endemic to the Philippines.
  18. Robiquetia vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 238; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 435. Endemic to the Philippines.

Saccolabiopsis J.J.Sm.

Photos
  1. Saccolabiopsis tenella (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 198; --Saccolabium tenellum Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 308, t. 99; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR, LEYTE. Photos
  2. Saccolabiopsis viridiflora Averyanov, Rheedea 15(2) (2005) 97. Philippines. SAMAR.

 Saccolabium Blume =Hymenorchis, Pennilabium, Tuberolabium

Sadokum D.Tiu and Cootes

[Also considered a synonym of Grammatophyllum Blume]

Photos
  1. Sadokum stapeliiflorum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Tiu & Cootes, Austral. Orch. Rev. 72 (2007) 6; --Grammatophyllum stapeliiflorum (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java (1905) 487; --Cymbidium stapeliiflorum Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 24 (1862) 319. Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines. Photos

Samarorchis Ormerod = Robiquetia

Santotomasia Ormerod

No Photos
  1. Santotomasia wardiana Ormerod, Taiwania 53(2) (2008) 160. Endemic to the Philippines.

Sarcanthus Lindl. = Cleisostoma, Eria, Megalotus, Sarcophyton

Sarcophyton Garay

Photos
  1. Sarcophyton crassifolium (Lindl.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 202; --Sarcanthus crassifolius (Lindl. & Paxton) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 85; --Cleisostoma crassifolium Lindl. & Paxton, Paxton’s Fl. Gard. 3 (1852) t. 99. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Sarcophyton pachyphyllum (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 202; --Sarcanthus pachyphyllus Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 248; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

 Sarcochilus auctt. non R.Br. = Thrixspermum, Grosourdya, Pteroceras, Bogoria 17 spp. Australia (16 endemic) to New Caledonia.

Sayeria Kraenzl. = Dendrobium sect. Latouria

Schoenorchis Reinw. ex Blume

Photos
  1. Schoenorchis micrantha Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 362; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 435; --Ascocentrum micranthum (Reinw. ex Blume) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Sing. 11 (1947) 275. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, PALAWAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan. Epiphytic, 0-1300m.
  2. Schoenorchis paniculata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 362. W Malesia to Lesser Sunda Isls., Philippines. Photos
  3. Schoenorchis vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 242; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 436; --Schoenorchis paniculata var. vanoverberghii (Ames) SS Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 1(2) (1977) 499. LUZON: Mountain Province, Cagayan, Pampanga, Bataan. Epiphytic at 1700m in Mountain Province.

Schuitemania Ormerod

Photos
  1. Schuitemania merrillii (Ames) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17 (4) (2002) 229; --Erythrodes merrilii (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 3 (1908) 79, t. 54; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273; --Herpysma merrillii Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 313. --Kuhlhasseltia halconensis JJ Wood, Kew Bull. 41 (1986) 814. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon). Damp ravine, altitude 730m. Photos

Spathoglottis Blume

Photos
  1. Spathoglottis chrysantha Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 161; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 336. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Spathoglottis elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1572; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 336. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  3. Spathoglottis kimballiana Hook.f., Bot. Mag. 121 (1895) t. 7443; [Hort. Sander ex Gartenflora 41 (1892) 184, nomen]; --Rolfe in Sander Reichenbachia ii, 2 (1894) 95, t. 88; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 336. Photos
  4. Spathoglottis palawanensis Lubag-Arquiza, Orchid Digest 70(3) (2006) 170-171. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Spathoglottis philippinensis Lubag-Arquiza, Orchid Digest 70(3) (2006) 171. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  6. Spathoglottis plicata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 401, Fig. 76; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 336. Photos
  7. Spathoglottis tomentosa Lindl., Bot. Reg. 31 (1843) sub t. 19; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 337. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos 
  8. Spathoglottis vanoverberghii Ames, Orchidaceae 6 (1920) 299; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 337. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Natural hybrid

  1. Spathoglottis × parsonsii Ames & Quisumb., Philip. Orchid Rev. 1 (1948) 4. = S. plicata × S. vanoverbergii.

Spiranthes Rich.

Photos
  1. Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 53; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 268; --Neottia sinensis Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1807) 511. --Spiranthes sinensis var. australis (R Br.) H Hara & S Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36 (1985) 93. --Spiranthes aristotelia (Raeusch.) Merr. PJS 15 (1919) 230. India, Sumatra, Borneo, Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, MINDANAO: Agusan. Terrestrial, 360-500m. Photos

Staurochilus Ridl. ex Pfitzer = Trichoglottis

Stereochilus Lindl.

Photos
  1. Stereochilus ringens (Rchb.f) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 205; --Sarcanthus ringens (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. Nat. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 72 (1912) 93 (reprint 22); --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 437; --Cleisostoma ringens (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., III, (1888) (2) 724; --Eria ringens Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1885) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Photos

Stereosandra Blume

Photos
  1. Stereosandra javanica Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 176; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 267. Indo-China to SW Pacific, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan. Photos

Stichorkis Thou.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Ron Boos, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Stichorkis amesiana (Schltr.) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 245; --Liparis amesiana Schltr., Fedde Reppert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1911) 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 310. Endemic to the Philippines LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Epiphytic, 500-1500m. Possibly synonymous with Stichorkis propinqua (Ames) ined. (Ron Boos, pers. comm. 3-Nov-16).
  2. Stichorkis asinacephala (W.Suarez & Cootes) W.Suarez & Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246; --Liparis asinacephala W.Suarez & Cootes, Austral. Orch. Rev. 73(4) (2008) 25. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, 500-1000m.
  3. Stichorkis benguetensis (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246; --Liparis benguetensis (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Reppert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1911) 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 311; --Cestichis benguetensis Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 9. Endemic to the Philippines.
  4. Stichorkis compressa (Blume) J.J.Wood, Orchids Mount Kinabalu 2 (2011) 531; --Liparis compressa (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1830) 32; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 312; --Malaxis compressa Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 390; --Stichorkis compressa (Blume) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246, comb. superfl.; --Type: not from the Philippines. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan. Epiphytic or lithophytic, 800-2300m. Photos
  5. Stichorkis cumingii (Ridl.) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246; --Liparis cumingii Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 22 (1886) 292; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 312. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Stichorkis elmeri (Ames) ined.; --Liparis elmeri (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Reppert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1911) 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Cestichis elmeri Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 10. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  7. Stichorkis fragilis (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246; --Liparis fragilis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Cestichis fragilis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 412. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Stichorkis gibbosa (Finet) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis gibbosa Finet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55 (1908) 342. Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea, Pacific Islands, Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic or lithophytic, 500-1500m. Photos
  9. Stichorkis leytensis (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis leytensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 80; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  10. Stichorkis linearifolia (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis linearifolia (Ames) Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 313; --Cestichis linearifolia Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1563. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  11. Stichorkis magnicallosa (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis magnicallosa Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 108; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 314. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Ifuago, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Misamis, Zamboanga. Epiphytic, 300-2900m.
  12. Stichorkis merrillii (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis merrillii (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Reppert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1911) 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 314; --Cestichis merrillii Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 11. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  13. Stichorkis nutans (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 247; --Liparis nutans Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 81; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315; --Cestichis nutans Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 597. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Lanao, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  14. Stichorkis philippinensis (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 248; --Liparis philippinensis (Ames) Schltr., Fedde Reppert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch- Neu-Guin.) (1911) 210; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 315; --Cestichis philippinensis Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 7. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato. Epiphytic, 300-2900m. Photos
  15. Stichorkis prava (Ames) Cootes, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 248; --Liparis prava Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 109; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE.
  16. Stichorkis propinqua (Ames) ined.; --Liparis propinqua Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 110; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 316; --Type: C.M. Weber 011, 14-Oct-1916. --Stichorkis disticha Cootes non. Thouars, Philippine Native Orchid Species (2011) 246. --Liparis disticha non Lindl., Bot. Reg. 11 (1825): t. 882. Endemic to the Philippines. Philippine specimens referred to Liparis disticha belong to this taxon. Liparis disticha (Thouars) Lindl. is a species from the W Indian Ocean.

Stigmatodactylus Maxim. ex Makino

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 March 2016

No photos
  1. Stigmatodactylus aquamarinus A.S.Rob. & E.Gironella, Phytotaxa 252 (2016) 103; --Type: Robinson AR003 (PPC, holo; transfer to PNH requested), Palawan: Mount Victoria Massif, 1460 m, in mossy pads on matted tree roots and steep rock walls, 25-Jul-2007. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Ultramafic rock, 1430-1680 m. Conservation status: CR B2ac(iv); D  (Robinson et al. 2016).
  2. Stigmatodactylus dalagangpalawanicum A.S.Rob., Phytotaxa 252 (2016) 100; --Type: Robinson AR002 (PPC, holo; transfer to PNH requested), Palawan: Mount Victoria Massif, 1600 m, emergent from moss and leaf litter in thin humus layer overlying rocky ultramafic soil, 25-Jul-2007. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Ultramafic rock, 1400-1700 m. Conservation status: CR B2ac(iv); D  (Robinson et al. 2016).

Styloglossum Breda

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Raab Bustamante, 11 June 2015

Photos
  1. Styloglossum angustifolium (Blume) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 147; --Calanthe angustifolia (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1833) 251; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 333; --Amblyglottis angustifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 369. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDORO. Terrestrial, over 2000m. Photos
  2. Styloglossum halconensis (Ames) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 148; --Calanthe halconensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 324; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO. 700-1300m.
  3. Styloglossum lyroglossum (Rchb.f.) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 149; --Calanthe lyroglossa Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 53; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Taiwan, Ryuku Isls., Japan, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Laguna, Zambales, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, 50-1100m. Photos
  4. Styloglossum maquilingensis T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 149; --Calanthe maquilingensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 97; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 334. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, LEYTE, NEGROS. Terrestrial, 600-1000m. Photos
  5. Styloglossum pulchrum (Blume) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 150; --Calanthe pulchra (Blume) Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. (1833) 250; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 335; --Amblyglottis pulchra Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 371. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, NEGROS. Terrestrial, 100-800m. Photos
  6. Styloglossum speciosum (Blume) T.Yukawa & P.J.Cribb, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 40 (2014) 150; --Calanthe speciosa (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl. (1833) 250. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS. Terrestrial, 100-1500m. Photos

Taenia = Tainia

Taeniophyllum Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Taeniophyllum biocellatum J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg II, 9 (1913) 120. Java, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Epiphytic at mid-elevation. Photos
  2. Taeniophyllum bracteatum LO Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 168; --Microtatorchis aristata Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 187; --Type: not from the Philippines.
  3. Taeniophyllum compactum Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 247; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442; --Microtatorchis compacta (Ames) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 209. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, NEGROS. Epiphyte up to 1700m in Mountain Province.
  4. Taeniophyllum copelandii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 436; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Endemic to the Philippines.
  5. Taeniophyllum elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1588;--Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphytic up to 1000m.
  6. Taeniophyllum hasseltii Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (186) 68. Java to Christmas Isl. and Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDORO, PANAY. Reported for the Philippines by Raab Bustamante (18-Jun-15, pers. comm.). Photos
  7. Taeniophyllum hirtum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 356. Borneo, Java, Philippines. MINDANAO.
  8. Taeniophyllum leytense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1920) 310; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Endemic to the Philippines.
  9. Taeniophyllum merrillii Ames, PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 56; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442. Endemic to the Philippines.
  10. Taeniophyllum obtusum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8 (1825) 357. Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO. Epiphytic at low elevation.
  11. Taeniophyllum philippinense Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 53; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 443. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, MINDORO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, PALAWAN. Epiphytic up to 150 m.
  12. Taeniophyllum pusillum (Willd.) Seidenf. & Ormerod in G. Seidenfaden, Descr. Epidendrorum J.G. König 1791 (1995) 23. China to W Malesia, Philippines?
  13. Taeniophyllum saccatum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 169. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Epiphytic up to 700 m. Photos

Tainia Blume

[Excluding species sometimes placed in Ania Lindl.]

Photos
  1. Tainia maingayi Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1890) 822. Thailand to W Malesia, Philippines. Photos
  2. Tainia trinervis (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 5 (1857) 54. Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea to Australia, Philippines. MINDORO.

Thecostele Rchb.f.

Photos
  1. Thecostele alata (Roxb.) Parish & Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1874) 135, 144, t. 29; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 399; --Cymbidium alatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 459. --Thecostele elmeri (Ames) Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 434; --Pholidota elmeri Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1557. Photos

Thelasis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2016

Photos
  1. Thelasis capitata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 393.
  2. Thelasis carinata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 393. Photos
  3. Thelasis micrantha (Brongn.) J.J.Sm. Fl. Buitenz. 6 (Orch. Jav.) (1905) 495; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 394; --Oxyanthera micrantha Brongn., in Duperrey, Voy. Monde (1834) 197. Photos
  4. Thelasis obtusa Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 394.
  5. Thelasis pygmaea (Griff.) Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3 (1859) 63; --Euproboscis pygmaea Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5 (1845) 372. --Thelasis triptera Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 219; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 394. Photos
  6. Thelasis succosa Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7 (1932) 35. Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos

Thelymitra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Photos
  1. Thelymitra javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 419; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 260. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. On open slopes at 1350-2300m altitude.

Thrixspermum Lour.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 January 2017

Photos
  1. Thrixspermum acuminatissimum (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1867) 121; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 404; --Sarcochilus acuminatissimus (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 498; --Aerides acuminatissimum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 240; --Dendrocolla acuminatissima Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 286. Photos
  2. Thrixspermum agusanense Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 201; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Thrixspermum amesianum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1867) 121; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405; --Dendrocolla amplexicaulis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 286; --Aerides amplexicaule (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833 239; --Orsidice amplexicaulis (Blume) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 2 (1854) 93; --Sarcochilus amplexicaulis (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 499.
  5. Thrixspermum angustatum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 90. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  6. Thrixspermum bromeliforme W.Suarez, Aust. Orch. Rev. 74(3) (2009) 33. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  7. Thrixspermum canaliculatum J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. II, 13 (1914) 42. Borneo (Kalimantan, Sabah), Philippines. PALAWAN. Photos
  8. Thrixspermum celebicum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 205. Indonesia, Philippines. AURORA. Photos
  9. Thrixspermum centipeda Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 520; --Sarcochilus centipeda (Lour.) Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13A (1880) 238. --Epidendrum thrixspermum Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 3 (1797) 265. --Aerides flos-aeris Sw. in Schrader J. Bot. 2 (1799) 233. --Thrixspermum arachnites (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1868) 121; --Sarcochilus arachnites (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 498; --Aerides arachnites (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 238; --Dendrocolla arachnites Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 287.
  10. Thrixspermum cootesii W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 74(3) (2009) 34. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  11. Thrixspermum elmeri L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 81. Endemic to the Philippines.
  12. Thrixspermum elongatum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 203; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  13. Thrixspermum eximium L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 84. Photos
  14. Thrixspermum fantasticum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 82. --Thrixspermum neglectum Fukuyama, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 32 (1942) 269.
  15. Thrixspermum fernandeziae Cootes, Cabactulan & M.D. De Leon, OrchideenJournal 5 (2017) 12; --Type: M.D. De Leon 007/2017 (CMUH, holo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 3-Dec-2016. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Photos
  16. Thrixspermum filiforme (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 682; --Cordiglottis filiformis (Hook.f.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ., 23(4) (1972) 176; --Sarcochilus filiformis Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 (1890) 39. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines. SIBUYAN. Epiphyte, c. 300m.
  17. Thrixspermum hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30 (1874) 145; --Grosourdya hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1868) 123; --Sarcochilus hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 500; --Aerides hystrix (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 242; --Dendrocolla hystrix Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 291. --Thrixspermum elegans (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 682; --Grosourdya elegans Rchb.f., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22 (1864) 297. Photos
  18. Thrixspermum integrum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  19. Thrixspermum ligulatum L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 93. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  20. Thrixspermum linearifolium Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 205; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  21. Thrixspermum merguense (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 682; --Dendrocolla merguensis ( Hook.f.) Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 380; --Sarcochilus merguensis Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 40. --Thrixspermum bicristatum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 202; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. --Thrixspermum comans J.J.Sm. Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 13 (1907) 61. Java and the Philippines.
  22. Thrixspermum pensile Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45, Beibl. 104 (1911) 59. Taiwan, Thailand to W Malesia, Philippines. Photos
  23. Thrixspermum quinquelobum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 206; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  24. Thrixspermum ravanii Cootes & G.Tiong, OrchideenJ. (2012) 1, nom. inval. (Not effectively publised. See Melbourn Code Art. 30.2, ex. 5). Photos
  25. Thrixspermum robinsonii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 207; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  26. Thrixspermum rostratum Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 208; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 406. Endemic to the Philippines.
  27. Thrixspermum subulatum (Blume) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1867) 122; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 406; --Sarcochilus subulatus (Blume) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 500; --Aerides subulatum (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 241; --Dendrocolla subulata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 291. Photos
  28. Thrixspermum vanoverberghii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 438; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 405. Endemic to the Philippines.
  29. Thrixspermum weberi Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 134; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 406. Endemic to the Philippines.
  30. Thrixspermum wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 209; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 406. Endemic to the Philippines.

Trachoma Garay

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 April 2014

Photos

  1. Trachoma brevirhachis (L.O.Williams) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 208; --Tuberolabium brevirhachis (L.O.Williams) JJ Wood, Nordic J. Bot. 10 (1990) 481; --Saccolabium brevirhachis L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6: 109 (1938). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Trachoma guamense (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23 (1972) 208; --Tuberolabium guamense (Ames) JJ Wood, Nord. J. Bot. 10(5) (1990) 482; --Saccolabium guamense Ames, PJS 9c (1914) 15. Marianas, Cook Isls., Philippines?
  3. Trachoma minuta (W.Suarez) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 76; --Tuberolabium minutum W.Suarez, Austral. Orchid Rev. 76 (2011) 53; --Type: W. Suarez s.n. (NSW 773439, holo), Luzon, Nueva Vizcaya. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya.
  4. Trachoma phillipsii (Choltco) Kocyan & Schuit., Phytotaxa 161 (2014) 76; --Tuberolabium phillipsii Choltco, Orchids (West Palm Beach) 76(3) (2007) 220. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Trachoma rhopalorrhachis Garay, Botanical Museum Leaflets of Harvard University 23 (1972) 208; --Tuberolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb.f) JJ Wood, Nordic J. Bot. 10 (1990) 482; --Saccolabium rhopalorrhachis (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java (1905) 644; --Thrixspermum rhopalorrhachis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Xenia Orchid. 2 (1868) 121; --Sarcochilus rhopalorrhachis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. in Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6 (1863) 500; --Dendrocolla rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f., Bonplandia 5 (1857) 40.
  6. Trachoma sarcochiloides (Schltr.) W.Suarez & Cootes, Philiip. Orch. Rev. 15(2) (2007) 20; --Tuberolabium sarcochiloides (Schltr.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23 (1972) 210; --Saccolabium sarcochiloides Schltr., Orchis 5 (1911) 61, t. 8; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) xxx. --Saccolabium loheri Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 228; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Quezon. Photos

Trichoglottis Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Raab Bustamante, 28 May 2015

Photos
  1. Trichoglottis agusanensis Ames & Quisumb., PJS 59 (1936) 10; --Staurochilus agusanensis (Ames & Quisumb.) Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 49 (1998) 47. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphyte. Photos
  2. Trichoglottis amesiana L.O.Williams, PJS 65 (1938) 393. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cavite, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Epiphytic, c. 1200m.
  3. Trichoglottis apoensis T Hashim., Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 10 (1991) 27. --Trichoglottis apoensis T.Hashim. subsp. alba Agoo -- Philipp. Scientist 43: 35 (-36, 39; plate 1). 2007 [2006 issued late Jul 2007]. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Trichoglottis atropurpurea Rchb.f., Linnaea 41 (1876) 30; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 439. Endemic to the Philippines --Trichoglottis brachiata Ames, Orchidaceae 7 (1922) 136; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, CATANDUANES, PALAWAN, LEYTE, BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao. Photos
  5. Trichoglottis bataanensis Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 105; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 439. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, POLILLO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao. Epiphytic at low elevation. By some considered a synonym of Trichoglottis subviolacea (Llanos) Merr. Photos
  6. Trichoglottis brachystachya (Kraenzl.) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 209; --Cleisostoma brachystachyum Kraenzl., Ann. K.K. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 30 (1916) 62. Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Trichoglottis calochila L.O.Williams, PJS 65 (1938) 395. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDORO, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic or lithophytic, up to 700 m. Photos
  8. Trichoglottis chrysochila (Kraenzl.) Ormerod & Cootes, Harvard Papers in Botany 17 (2012) 179; --Cleisostoma chrysochilum Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 545; --Type: A. Loher s.n. (holo: destroyed; A. Loher 14652, AMES, neo). --Trichoglottis intermedia L.O.Williams, PJS 65 (1938) 392; --Staurochilus intermedius (L.O.Williams) Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 49 (1998) 47. --Trichoglottis intermedia L.O.Williams var. marginata Agoo, Philipp. Scientist 43: 36 (-37, 40; plate 2). 2007 [2006 issued late Jul-2007]. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal, LEYTE. Photos
  9. Trichoglottis fasciata Rchb.f., Flora 55 (1872) 137; --Staurochilus fasciatus (Rchb.f.) Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 351; --Stauropsis fasciata (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Jackson, Index Kew. 2 (1895) 982.
  10. Trichoglottis geminata (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm., Orch. Ambon (1905) 106; --Sarcanthus geminatus Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 29 (1867) 243; --Type from Indonesia. --Trichoglottis oblongifolia Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1899) 130. --Stauropsis wenzelii (Ames) Ames & Quisumb., PJS 52 (1934) 467; --Trichoglottis wenzelii Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 440; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440. --Trichoglottis solerederi Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 8 (1910) 98; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440; --Type: Loher s.n. cult. (B?, holo, lost). Luzon. Borneo, Sulawesi, Sumatra?, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, POLILLO, LEYTE, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Davao, Surigao, Zamboanga, BASILAN, TAWI-TAWI. Epiphytic or lithophytic, up to 300m. Photos
  11. Trichoglottis guibertii (Linden & Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. (1872) 699; --Trichoglottis guibertii (Linden & Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 108; --Staurochilus guibertii (Linden & Rchb.f) Christenson, Proc. World Orchid Conf. 14 (1994) 215; --Vanda guibertii (Linden & Rchb.f.) Linden ex Rchb.f., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 20 (1862) 375; --Cleisostoma guibertii Linden & Rchb.f., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 20 (1862) 375. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao. Epiphytic and lithophytic up to 500 m. Photos
  12. Trichoglottis ionosma (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. ex Hayata, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29 (1915) 195; --Staurochilus ionosmus (Lindl.) Schltr., Orchideen (1914) 578; Fedde Repert. Beihefte 4 (Orch. Sino-Jap. Prodr.) (1919) 287; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 441; --Cleisostoma ionosmum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 33 (1847) t. 41. --Epidendrum lineare Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 644 (1837), nom. illeg. Ryukyu Isls., Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphytic, 300-1300m.
  13. Trichoglottis latisepala Ames, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 675; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440. --Trichoglottis latisepala var. tricarinata T Hashim., Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 10 (1991) 30. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, BANCALAN, LUMBUCAN, PALAWAN, LEYTE, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao, Zamboanga, TAWI-TAWI. Epiphytic, up to 1000m. Photos
  14. Trichoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) L.O.Williams, PJS 65 (1938) 388; --Staurochilus loherianus (Kraenzl.) Christenson, Orchid Atlas 8 (1992) 251; --Acampe loheriana Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 429. --Vandopsis davisii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 49 (1932) 497. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal. Epiphytic, up to 900m. Photos
  15. Trichoglottis luchuensis (Rolfe) Garay & HR Sweet, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 209; --Trichoglottis ionosma var. luchuensis (Rolfe) SS Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 1(2) (1977) 507; --Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuyama, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 32 (1942) 270; --Pomatocalpa luchuense (Rolfe) T Tang & FT Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1 (1951) 99; --Vandopsis luchuensis (Rolfe) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 196; --Stauropsis luchuensis Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1907) 131. Ryukyu Isls., Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan. Photos
  16. Trichoglottis luzonensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 255; --Staurochilus luzonensis(Ames) Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 442; --Trichoglottis ionosma var. luzonensis (Ames) SS Ying, Col. Ill. Indig. Orch. Taiwan 1(2) (1977) 507. --Vandopsis kupperiana Kraenzl., Fedde Repert. 17 (1921) 390. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Camarines Sur, MINDANAO: Agusan. Epiphyte, up to c. 400m in Agusan. Photos
  17. Trichoglottis mimica L.O.Williams, PJS 65 (1938) 389; --Staurochilus mimicus (L.O.Williams) Arquiza & Christenson, Orchid Digest (Jan-Mar. 2007) 23-25. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Misamis. Epiphytic, low to medium elevation. Photos
  18. Trichoglottis mindanaensis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 439; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Isabela, Sorsogon, MINDORO, LEYTE, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Surigao, Zamboanga. Epiphytic at low elevation. Photos
  19. Trichoglottis philippinensis Lindl., Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 15 (1845) 386; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440; --Staurochilus philippinensis (Lindl.) Backer, Bekn. Fl. Java 12 (3), Fam. 244 (1952) 424; --Arachnis philippinensis (Lindl.) Ames, Orchidee (Hamburg) 7 (1938) 90; --Stauropsis philippinensis (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 16 (1860) 117. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Camarines, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal, CATANDUANES, PALAWAN, CEBU, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao, Misamis, Surigao, Zamboanga, TAWI-TAWI. Epiphytic, up to 300m. Photos
  20. Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 440; --Pomatocalpa roseum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm., Natuurw. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 72 (1912) 106; --Cleisostoma roseum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 24 (Misc.) (1838) 80. --Trichoglottis flexuosa Rolfe ex Ames, Orchidaceae 1 (1905) 107. --Trichoglottis rosea var. breviracema (Hayata) TS Liu & HJ Su, in Fl. Taiwan 5 (1978) 1120; --Trichoglottis breviracema (Hayata) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 286; --Pomatocalpa breviracemum (Hayata) Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4 (1915) Add. & Corr.; --Cleisostoma breviracemum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1) (1911) 338. --Trichoglottis oblongisepala (Hayata) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4 (1919) 286; --Pomatocalpa oblongisepalum (Hayata) Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 4 (1915) Add. & Corr.; --Cleisostoma oblongisepalum Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 2 (1912) 134. Taiwan, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Zambales, MINDORO, LEYTE, PANAY, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Surigao. Epiphytic, up to 1200m. Photos
  21. Trichoglottis subviolacea (Llanos) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 116; --Cleisostoma subviolaceum (Llanos) Rchb.f., Bonplandia 10 (1862) 335; --Synptera subviolacea Llanos, Fragm. Pl. Philip. (1851) 98. Endemic to the Philippines.
  22. Trichoglottis tamesisii Quisumb. & Schweinf., Philip. Orch. Rev. 6, No. 1 (1955) 3; --Staurochilus tamesisii (Quisumb. & Schweinf.) Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee 49 (1998) 47; --. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao. Epiphytic at medium elevation.

Trichotosia Blume

[Also considered a synonym of Eria Lindl.]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Trichotosia binabayensis (Ames) Kraenzl. in Engl. Pflanzenreich, IV, 50(50) (1911) 141; --Eria binabayensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 329; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 365. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Trichotosia fusca (Blume) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich, IV, 50(50) (1911) 145; --Pinalia fusca (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria fusca Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 183; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 368. --Pinalia ciliata (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Trichotosia ciliata (Miq.) Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned.- Indië 5 (1853) 492; --Eria ciliata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1859) 659. --Trichotosia hirta (Blume) Kraenzl. In Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 50(50) (1911) 145, nom. inval.; --Pinalia hirta (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria hirta Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 184.
  3. Trichotosia halconensis (Ames) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 50(50) (1911) 149; --Eria halconensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 330; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 368. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY.
  4. Trichotosia lagunensis (Ames) Schuit. & de Vogel, Blumea 48 (2003) 513; --Eria lagunensis Ames,  Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 150; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 370; --Type: Serrato sn. (AMES, holo; iso: AMES (3 sheets), BM, GH, L, NY, PNH, US). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  5. Trichotosia leytensis (Ames) Schuit. & de Vogel, Blumea 48 (2003) 513; --Eria leytensis Ames, PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 427; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 370. --Type: Wenzel 17 (AMES, holo; iso: BM, BO, NY). Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Trichotosia mcgregorii (Ames) Schuit. & de Vogel, Blumea 48 (2003) 513; --Eria mcgregorii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 153; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. --Type: BS 19876 McGregor (AMES, holo; BO, iso). Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Trichotosia odorifera (Leavitt) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 50(50) (1911) 153; --Eria odorifera Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 223, 242, Fig. 24; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 372. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  8. Trichotosia ramosii (Leavitt) Kraenzl. in Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 50(50) (1911) 156; --Eria ramosii Leavitt, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 224, 243, Fig. 25; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 374. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  9. Trichotosia vulpina (Rchb.f) Kraenzl., in Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 50(50) (1911) 141; --Pinalia vulpina (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 679; --Eria vulpina Rchb.f., Bonplandia 3 (1855) 222; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 375. Photos

Tropidia Lindl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2016

Photos
  1. Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume, Coll. Orchid. (1859) 122; --Decaisnea angulosa Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List: 7388 (1832), nom. inval.; --Cnemidia angulosa Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 19 (1833) t. 1618. --Tropidia calcarata Ames, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 7; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 279. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna.
  2. Tropidia mindorensis Ames, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 315; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 279. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Binabay River). Terrestrial in humid forest at 300m.
  3. Tropidia nipponica Masam., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43 (1929) 249. China to Taiwan, Philippines?
  4. Tropidia pedunculata Blume, Coll. Orchid. (1859) 122. --Tropidia mindanaensis Ames, in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1553; Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 279. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo, Todaya). P. Ormerod pers. comm. (18-Jun-2016): Tropidia mindanaensis Ames is a synonym of Tropidia pedunculata Blume.
  5. Tropidia robinsonii Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 16; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 279. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Tayabas).
  6. Tropidia schlechteriana J.J.Sm., Bull. Dept. Agric. Indes Neerl. xv (1908) 1. Moluccas, Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS. Photos
  7. Tropidia septemnervis (Schauer) Rchb.f., Linnaea 25 (1852) 230; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 279. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Laguna, MINDORO, LEYTE. Terrestrial in forest at 500m in LEYTE. Photos
  8. Tropidia somae Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 6 (1916) 85. Nansei-shoto to Taiwan, Philippines?
  9. Tropidia triloba J.J.Sm., Bull. Dépt. Agric. Indes Néerl. 19 (1908) 38. New Guinea, Philippines.

Tuberolabium Yamam.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Tuberolabium escritorii (Ames) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ. 23 (1972) 210; --Saccolabium escritorii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 227; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 432; --Parapteroceras escritorii (Ames) JJ Wood, Nordic J. Bot. 10 (1990) 485. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Tuberolabium kotoense Yamam., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38 (1924) 209; --Saccolabium kotoense (Yamam.) Yamam., Icon. Pl. Formos., Suppl. 2 (1926) 6. Taiwan, Philippines?
  3. Tuberolabium quisumbingii (L.O.Williams) Christenson, Lindleyana 7(2) (1992) 92; --Saccolabium quisumbingii L.O.Williams, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 6 (1938) 110. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4.  Tuberolabium woodii Choltco, Orchids 75 (2006) 923. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Vanda R.Br.

(Includes species also placed in the segregate genera Ascocentrum and Euanthe)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 December 2016

Photos
  1. Vanda aurantiaca (Schltr.) L.M.Gardiner, Phytotaxa 61 (2012) 49; --Ascocentrum aurantiacum (J.J.Sm.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 975; --Saccolabium aurantiacum J.J.Sm., Bull. Dep. Agric. Indes Néerl. 43 (1910) 71. Photos
  2. Vanda barnesii W.E. Higgins & M. Motes, Orchid Digest 76(4) (2012) 240-242. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Vanda cootesii Motes, Lankesteriana 16 (2016) 341; --Type: M. Motes 13 (FTG, holo), Mindanao: Cotabato, cultivated. --Vanda helvola auct. non Blume. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Conservation status: DD (Motes 2016).
  4. Vanda furva (L.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 215; --Epidendrum furvum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1348. Moluccas, Bismarck Isls., New Guinea, Philippines.
  5. Vanda javierae Tiu ex Fessel & Lückel, Orchidee (Hamburg) 41 (1990) 146. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan. Epiphyte, usually close to water, c. 1200m.
  6. Vanda lamellata Lindl., Bot. Reg. 24 (1838) Misc. 66; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 429. --Vanda clitellaria Rchb.f., Flora 55 (1872) 277; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 429. --Vanda vidalii Boxall ex Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 13 (1880) 240. Photos
  7. Vanda luzonica Loher ex Rolfe, Orch. Rev. 23 (1915) 137, 371, Fig. 12; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 430. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Bulacan, Rizal. Epiphyte, c. 500m. According to Cootes (2001), once common on Mt Pinatubo, but population here probably much decimated by the latter’s eruption in 1991. Photos
  8. Vanda mariae Motes, Lankesteriana 16 (2016) 337; --Type: M. Motes 2 (FTG, holo), cultivated. --Vanda limbata auct. non Blume. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: DD (Motes 2016). Photos
  9. Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb., PJS 47 (1932) 211. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  10. Vanda mindanaoensis Motes, Orchid Digest Apr., May, June (2015) 100; --Type: Motes 2, cult. (FTG, holo). --Vanda lindenii non Rchb.f. --Vanda saxatilis non J.J.Sm. --Vanda scandens non Holttum. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Epiphyte, up to 500m. According to Cootes (as V. lindenii; 2001), exact Philippine localities not noted. Photos
  11. Vanda miniata (Lindl.) L.M.Gardiner, Phytotaxa 61 (2012) 50; --Ascocentrum miniatum (Lindl.) Schltr., Fedde Repert. Beihefte 1 (Orch. Deutsch-Neu-Guin.) (1913) 975; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 434; --Saccolabium miniatum Lindl., Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 33 (1847) t. 26. India, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao. Epiphytic, 180-750m.
  12. Vanda roeblingiana Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1894) 365; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 430. Photos
  13. Vanda sanderiana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. ii, 17 (1882) 588; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 430; --Euanthe sanderiana (Reichb.f) Schltr., Orchideen (1914) 568, Fig. 194. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Zamboanga. Epiphytic, up to 500m. Photos
  14. Vanda tricolor Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 33 (1847) t. 59 (1847).
  15. Vanda ustii Golamco, Claustro & de Mesa, Waling-Waling Rev. 8(1) (2000) 10 (9-14; fig.). Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Not in Cootes’ (2006 & 2008) Checklists.

  1. Vanda lamellata var. cobbiana (Rchb.f.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 241; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 430. 

Vandopsis Pfitzer

Photos
  1. Vandopsis lissochiloides (Gaudich.) Pfitzer in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2, Abt. 6 (1889) 210, Fig. 229; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1925) 427; --Stauropsis lissochiloides (Gaudich.) Pfitzer, Grundz. Morph. Orchid. (1881) 14; --Vanda lissochiloides (Gaudich.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1833) 216; --Fieldia lissochiloides Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1820) 424. Photos

Vanilla Sw.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2016

Photos
  1. Vanilla aphylla Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 8 (1825) 422; --Type from Indonesia. --Vanilla calopogon Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1 (1878) 40; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 263; --Type: Cuming s.n. (K, holo), Luzon. Indonesia, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal.
  2. Vanilla decesareae Ormerod & Cootes, OrchideenJournal 1-2 (2013) 4; --Type: Ramos & Edaño BS 85045 (AMES, holo), Mindanao: Cotabato prov., Mt. Matutum, Apr-1932. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.
  3. Vanilla ovalis Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 593; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 263. --Vanilla majaijensis Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 592. --Epidendrum vanilla auct. non L., Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 643. --Vanilla philippinensis Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32 (1896) 459; --Type: Cuming 2132 (K, holo; BM, iso; AMES, photo). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte (Dapitan), Lanao, Agusan del Norte (Butuan).
  4. Vanilla platyphylla Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10 (1911) 7; --Type from Indonesia. Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO.
  5. Vanilla raabii Ormerod & Cootes, Orchideen Journal 1-2 (2013) 14; --Type: Gutierrez 61-110 (PNH 78082) (A, holo), Luzon: Isabela prov., San Mariano, Sierra Madre Mts, Disulap, 26-Apr-1961. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Cagayan, Laguna, Aurora, SIBUYAN, PANAY, MINDANAO: Misamis. Photos 

Vexillabium Maekawa = Kuhlhasseltii

Vrydagzynea Blume

Photos
  1. Vrydagzynea albida (Blume) Blume, Fl. Jav. Orch. (1858) 62 (Orch. Arch. Ind. 75), t. 19, Fig. 2; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 278; --Hetaeria albida Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 410. --Vrydagzynea viridiflora Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1890) 96. Peninsular Malaysia and Java. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS: Negros Oriental, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao, JOLO. A rather common and widely distributed species in the Philippines. Terrestrial in dense forest at 137-1000m elevation. Photos
  2. Vrydagzynea vrydagzynoides (Ames) Ormerod, Lindleyana 17 (2002) 4, 228-232; --Erythrodes vrydagzynoides Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 29; --in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 273. LEYTE (Dagami). In forest, 60m. Endemic to the Philippines.
  3. Vrydagzynea weberi Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 42; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 278. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, LEYTE. Terrestrial, up to 600m altitude in LEYTE.

Zeuxine Lindl.

Photos
  1. Zeuxine elmeri (Ames) Ames, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 100; --Adenostylis elmeri Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1552; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Zeuxine flava Trimen, Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon (1885) 90. Himalaya to Taiwan, Philippines. Photos
  3. Zeuxine lancifolia (Ames) Ormerod, Austral. Orchid Rev. 63, 4 (1998) 11; --Hetaeria lancifolia Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 44 (as lancifolium) ; -- in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 278. LUZON: Apayao (Abulug-Narig trail). Terrestrial in shady forest at 22m. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  4. Zeuxine leytensis (Ames) Ames, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 100; --Adenostylis leytensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 39; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 276. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, LEYTE. Terrestrial.
  5. Zeuxine marivelensis (Ames) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 394; --Adenostylis marivelensis Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 58; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 276. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, NEGROS: Negros Occidental. Photos
  6. Zeuxine mindanaensis (Ames) Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 179; --Hetaeria mindanaensis Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 45; --Type: Weber 317 (AMES, holo; iso: AMES). Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Sangaan-Cabadbaran Trail, 11-Dec-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Forest shade, c. 22m.
  7. Zeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) Trimen, Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon (1885) 90; --Heterozeuxine nervosa (Wall. ex Lindl.) T Hashim., Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 5 (1986) 21; --Haplochilus nervosus (Wall. ex Lindl.) D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 5 (1852) 172; --Hetaeria nervosa Lindl. in Wall., Numer. List (1832) 7381, nom. nud.; --Monochilus nervosus Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1840) 487. -- Zeuxine zamboangensis (Ames) Ames, Schedul. Orchid., Corrig. (1938) xxxvii; --Adenostylis zamboangensis Ames, Schedul. Orchid. 6 (1923) 10. Himalayas, Peninsular Malaysia(?), Philippines, New Guinea, New Britain. Photos
  8. Zeuxine parvifolia (Ridl.) Ridl. ex K Schum. & Fedde, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 31 (1904) 786; --Seidenf., Dansk. Bot. Ark. 32 (1978) 82; --Hetaeria parvifolia Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 39 (1870) 87. --Zeuxine benguetensis (Ames) Ames, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 100; --Adenostylis benguetensis Ames in Elmer, LPB 5 (1912) 1551; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 275. --Zeuxine leucochila Schltr., Fedde Repert. 3 (1906) 46. Thailand, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan, PALAWAN. Terrestrial, on woody hillocks up to 1300m. Photos
  9. Zeuxine philippinensis (Ames) Ames, Schedul. Orchid., Corrig. (1938) 37; --Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 178; --Adenostylis philippinensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 9; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 276; --Type: CA Wenzel 224 (AMES, holo). Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, Puguajaan, altitude 60m, 31 Jul 1913. --Hetaeria leytensis Ames, Sched. Orchid. 6 (1923) 14; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 278; --Type: BS 42081-B (PNH, holo, lost; iso in AMES). Leyte: Leyte prov., Mt Abucayan, altitude 270m, 20 Jan 1923. LEYTE. Terrestrial in forest, altitude 60-300m.
  10. Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45 (1911) 394; --Adenostylis strateumatica (L.) Ames, Orchidaceae 2 (1908) 59; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 276; --Spiranthes strateumatica (L.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 10 (1824) t. 823; --Neottia strateumatica (L.) R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 319; --Orchis strateumatica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 943. --Adenostylis sulcata (Roxb.) Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 6 (Suppl.) (1917) 75; --Zeuxine sulcata (Roxb.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (1840) 485; --Pterygodium sulcata Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 452. Afghanistan, India (Assam), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, China, Japan, Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi(?), Lesser Sunda Isls. (?), Ambon, New Guinea and Philippines: MINDANAO (Misamis, Agusan). Terrestrial in forest, apparently at low altitude. Photos
  11. Zeuxine weberi (Ames) Ames, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 5 (1938) 101; --Rhomboda weberi (Ames) Ormerod, Orchadian 11 (1995) 332; --Adenostylis weberi Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 40; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 277. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Binatun). In bamboo forest, altitude 580m.
  12. Zeuxine wenzelii (Ames) Ormerod, Taiwania 49(3) (2004) 180, Fig. 1; --Hetaeria wenzelii Ames, Orchidaceae 5 (1915) 46; --Ames in Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 279. --Type: CA Wenzel 227 (AMES, holo). Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, terrestrial in forest, 60m, 10-Jul-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE: Dagami. Known only from the type collection.

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Acknowledgements

Danilo Balete, Jonah van Beijnen, Ron Boos, Raab Bustamante, Derek Cabactulan, Jim Cootes, Alvin Goloran, John Clifton Martyr, Liezel Molina-Magtoto, Mark Angelo Pagdato, Lester Price, Ricardo L. Reyes, Greg Rule, Ravan Schneider, Melanie Schori, Ernest Kurt Tan, Danilo Tandang, and Leonardo Cristobal Udasco kindly provided a number of photographs found on this webpage. We are indebted to Peter O'Byrne and Andre Schuiteman for taxonomic advice and identifications.

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Last updated 23 April 2017