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Plantaginaceae

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 December 2013

Adenosma R.Br.

No Photos
  1. Adenosma bilabiatum (Roxb.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Erinus bilabiatus Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 47, nomen nudum; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 92. India to Malaya. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  2. Adenosma javanicum (Blume) Koord., Exkursfl. Java 3 (1912) 175; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Herpestis javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 748. Burma and Indochina through Malesia to the Moluccas. LUZON: Pangasinan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte. Lowland and medium elevation forests along small streams.

Bacopa Aubl.

Photos
  1. Bacopa floribunda (R Br.) Wettst. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 43 b (1891) 76; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 435. Tropical Africa, India, Java, and tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Zambales, Rizal. A characteristic rice paddy weed.
  2. Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 43 b (1891) 77; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 435 (‘monnieria’); --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 585. Pantropical. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Rizal, Laguna, CEBU. Lowland open wet places, chiefly within the influence of salt or brackish water. Photos

Bythophyton Hook.f.

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  1. Bythophyton indicum (Hook.f. & Thomson) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1884) 286; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 436. India (Khasya Mtns), N Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province (Mt Data). In shallow water, and along the marshy margin of a small pond, c. 2200m.

Curanga Juss. = Picria

Dopatrium Buch.-Ham.

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  1. Dopatrium junceum (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 31; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 426; EPFP 3 (1923) 435; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 589, pl. 268. India to S China through Malesia to tropical Australia. Naturalized in North America. LUZON: Rizal, PANAY. Lowland old rice paddies. Very local in the Philippines.

Ellisiophyllum Maxim.

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  1. Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall.) Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 20 (1906) 91, t. 5; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 591, pl. 269, photo 310. Nepal, India, China, Taiwan, Japan, N Philippines, Papua New Guinea. LUZON: Benguet. Mossy forests on the highest mountains, 2000-2400m.

Hemiphragma Wall.

Photos
  1. Hemiphragma heterophyllum Wall., Tent. Fl. Nepal. (1824) 16, t. 8; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 441; -- Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 597, pl. 272, photo 315. Nertera dentata Elmer, LPB 1 (1906) 15; --Type: Elmer 6239 (BISH, L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, forming dense mats in clay-like soil at c. 2000m, May-1904. E Himalayas, Burma, W and C China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. High montane regions, 2000-2600m, in open grasslands, marshy borders of sluggish streams, etc. Photos

Limnophila R.Br.

Photos
  1. Limnophila aromatica (Lam.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 466; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 432; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 599, pl. 273. India to Taiwan, across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Camarines, POLILLO, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Davao. Lowlands to medium elevation, ascending to 1600m, in marshes and open wet places.
  2. Limnophila chinensis (Osbeck) Merr., Am. J. Bot. 3 (1916) 581; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 433. India to S China to Borneo. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Davao. Low and medium elevation open swampy places.
  3. Limnophila fragrans (Forst. f.) Seemann, Fl. Vit. (1865) 180; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 433. Malesia to tropical Australia and Polynesia. POLILLO. Lowland rice paddies.
  4. Limnophila heterophylla (Roxb.) Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 25. Photos
  5. Limnophila indica (L.) Druce, Bot. Exch. Club (Feb. 1914) 420; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 433. India to Japan, across Malesia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Laguna, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao. Lowlands and medium elevation, ascending to 1500m, in shallow sluggish streams.
  6. Limnophila manilensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 246; Fl. Manila (1912) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Type: Merrill 7432 (US, iso), Luzon: Manila and vicinity, Jan/Feb-1911. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal. Lowlands, in wet fallow rice paddies.
  7. Limnophila obovata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 439; EPFP 3 (1923) 433; --Type: Merrill 7227 (L, US, iso), Palawan, Sep-1910. Borneo, SW Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland, along small streams, often in shallow water, in shaded places.
  8. Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 466; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 434; -- Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 601, photo 316. India, Indochina, Ryukyus, Taiwan, Malesia, Polynesia. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Bulacan, Camarines, Sorsogon, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowlands, open wet places.
  9. Limnophila stolonifera (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 434; --Type: Not extant. Possible neotype: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 201. LUZON: Rizal. Lowland fallow rice paddies.

Microcarpaea R.Br.

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  1. Microcarpaea minima (Koenig) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 100; EPFP 3 (1923) 436; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 612, pl. 275. Tropical and subtropical Asia to tropical Australia. LUZON: Mountain Province. Rice paddies, c. 1200m.

Picria Lour.

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  1. Picria fel-terrae Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 2: 393. 1790; --Curanga fel-terrae (Lour.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 467; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 439. India to Indochina through Malaya to the Moluccas. LUZON: Kalinga, Cagayan, Laguna. Forested slopes at low elevation, ascending to 400m; rare and local.

Plantago L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Plantago lanceolata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 113; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 491. Native of Europe; naturalized in Philippines. Photos
  2. Plantago major L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 112; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 491. Native of Europe and Asia; naturalized in Philippines. Photos

Scoparia L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Scoparia dulcis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 116; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 420; EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 621, pl. 281. Native of tropical America, now pantropic in distribution. Throughout the Philippines. Low and medium elevation, a very common weed in the settled areas. Photos

Veronica L.

Photos
  1. Veronica javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 746; --Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 345; --Steen., Mountain Fl. Java (1972) Pl. 51-4; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 632, pl. 288. Tropical Africa, India, SE China, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyus, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Cordillera Highlands (Mt Data and Pauai). Near trails, 2000m.
  2. Veronica monantha Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 441; --Type: Merrill 6593 (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulag, May-1909. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulag). Mossy forest, c. 2600m.

Non-naturalized

  1. Digitalis purpurea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 622; --Liu, HY in TC Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 589. Native of Europe. In the Philippines commonly cultivated as an ornamental at high elevation, e.g. Cordillera Highlands of N Luzon. Photos
  2. Russelia equisetiformis Schlecht. & Cham., Linnaea 6 (1831) 377; Russelia juncea Zucc., Flora 15 (1832) Beibl. 99; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 421; EPFP 3 (1923) 431. Native of Mexico. Cultivated for ornamental purposes, occasionally spontaneous on damp stone walls in towns. Photos

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java 2: 445-446.

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java 2: 498-515.

Liu, HY.1998. Scrophulariaceae. In TC Huang (ed). Flora of Taiwan 2nd edition: 582-646.

Yamazaki, T. 1985. Flora of Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam 21: 1-217.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 4 June 2016