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Polygonaceae

Antigonon Endl. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechyís Voy. (1841) 308; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 294; --Corculum leptopus (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz, US Dept. Agr. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 282 (1913) 86; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125. Native to Mexico. Photos

Corculum = Antigonon

Fallopia Adans. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 April 2016

Photos
  1. Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Ń.LŲve, Taxon 19 (1970 300; --Polygonum convolvulus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 364; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122. Widespread weed intemperate countries, introduced to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, 1400m. Photos

Homalocladium (F.Muell.) L.H.Bailey = Muehlenbeckia

Muehlenbeckia Meisn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2017

Photos
  1. Muehlenbeckia platyclada (F.Muell.) Meisn., Bot. Zeit. 22 (1865) 313; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Homalocladium platycladum (F.Muell.) L.H.Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2 (1929) 58; --Polygonum platycladum F.Muell., Trans. & Proc. Philos. Inst. Victoria 2 (1858) 73. Photos

Persicaria Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2017

Photos
  1. Persicaria barbata (L.) Hara, Fl. E. Himalaya (1966) 70; --Polygonum barbatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 362; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. Africa, Afghanistan, India, Himalayas, China, S Japan, Taiwan, throughout Malesia to New Guinea. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Open, inundated sites from sea-level to 1400m.
  2. Persicaria chinensis (L.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 269; --Polygonum chinense L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 363; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. India, China, Japan, Taiwan, across Malesia to New Guinea and Bougainville, Philippines. BATAN to MINDANAO. In thickets and forest margins, 300-2400m. Photos
  3. Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson, Telopea 3 (1988) 178; --Polygonum decipiens R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51. --Polygonum minus Huds., Fl. Angl. (1762) 148; --Merr., EPFP2 (1923) 123. --Polygonum minus Huds. ssp. decipiens (R.Br.) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 8 (1927) xxx. Europe, temperate and tropical Asia southward to Australia; introduced in N America. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. In open wet sites, 1200-1500m.
  4. Persicaria dichotoma (Blume) Masam. in Sci. Rep. Kanazawa Univ. 2 (1954) 82; --Polygonum dichotomum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1826) 529. --Polygonum pedunculare Wall. ex Meisn. in DC., Prodr. 14 (1857) 133; --Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1718, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123. India to China, southward to Australia, Philippines. LUZON (Benguet, Laguna), MINDORO, MINDANAO. Open wet lands, swamps, etc. at low and medium elevation. In Benguet ascending to 1400m.
  5. Persicaria glabra (Willd.) M.Gůmez, An. Inst. Segunda Ensenanza Habana 2 (1896) 278; --Polygonum glabrum Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799) 447; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 301. Tropical and subtropical parts of Asia, Africa and the Americas, Philippines. LUZON (Benguet). Near rice paddies and other open inundated sites, 1200-1800m.
  6. Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (1800) 518; --Polygonum hydropiper L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 302. Temperate and subtropical regions of the N hemisphere, Australia, Philippines. LUZON (Ifugao, Benguet). Open inundated sites such as old rice paddies, along streams, etc. 1200-2000m. Photos
  7. Persicaria lanigera (R.Br.) SojŠk, Preslia 46 (1974) 153; --Polygonum lanigerum R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 419; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123. Africa to India, China, Taiwan, southwards to Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ifugao, Cagayan. Open wet sites, near streams, etc. at low to medium elevation.
  8. Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (180) 519; --Polygonum lapathifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 360; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 304. Temperate N hemisphere. Russia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan, India, Philippines, Java, New Guinea. Photos
  9. Persicaria maculosa Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2 (1821) 269. --Polygonum persicaria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361. Native to Europe, widely naturalized elsewhere. Invasive species (CABI). Photos
  10. Persicaria nepalensis (Meisn.) Miyabe, J. Fac. Agric., Sapporo 26 (1934) 514; --Polygonum nepalense Meisn., Monog. (1826) 84; --Wall., Cat. No. 1701; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306. Africa, C Asia, China, Korea, Japan, India, Nepal, Philippines, New Guinea. Photos
  11. Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach., Hist. Nat. Veg. 10 (1841) 537; --Polygonum orientale L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 343; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306. Europe, India, China, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Australia. LUZON (Pampanga, Rizal), MINDANAO (Lanao, Bukidnon). Open wet sites at low and medium elevation.
  12. Persicaria pulchra (Blume) SojŠk, Preslia 46 (1974) 154; --Polygonum pulchrum Blume, Bijdr. 11 (1826) 530; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 309; --Persicaria attenuata (R.Br.) SojŠk ssp. pulchra (Blume) K.L.Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 629. --Polygonum tomentosum auct. non Schrank; --Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799) 447; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 187; EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Pancho, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 104. Africa to S China, throughout SE Asia. Throughout the Philippines. In wet inundated sites such as ponds, irrigation ditches, shallow water swamps, lake margins, etc. at low elevation. Sometimes gregarious.
  13. Persicaria runcinata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49(2) (1913) 277; --Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 73; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 310. India, S China, Taiwan, southwards to the Philippines, Indonesia to New Guinea.
  14. Persicaria virginiana (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2(1) (1790) 180; --Polygonum virginianum L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 360. Photos

Polygonum L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 April 2016

Photos
  1. Polygonum caespitosum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 532.
  2. Polygonum perfoliatum L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1005; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 307. India, China, Japan, Taiwan, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON (Cordillera Highlands), MINDANAO (Bukidnon). Sprawling over thickets in ravines, 1300-1600m.
  3. Polygonum plebeium R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. Tropical and subtropical parts of Asia, Africa and Australia. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela. Open sites along streams at low elevation, ascending to 1400m in Benguet.
  4. Polygonum posumbu Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1823) 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. India to Japan, southward to Java, Philippines. LUZON (Mountain Province, Benguet), MINDANAO (Davao). Open wet sites, along trails, etc. 1400-1800m.
  5. Polygonum praetermissum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1886) 47; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 309. N India, China, Korea, Japan, Ryukyus, Taiwan, Philippines, Australia, Tasmania. LUZON (Benguet). Open swamps, along small streams, etc., 1400-2000m.
  6. Polygonum punctatum Buch.-Ham. in D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1823) 72; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. S Asia to Japan, southward to Java and New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Damp places, on hills, etc.,1300-1800m. [Nom. illeg.: later homonym of Polygonum punctatum Elliot. Is this Persicaria nepalensis (Meisn.) Miyabe?]
  7. Polygonum roettleri Roth, Nov. Sp. Pl. (1821) 205; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. India to China, Taiwan, and Malaya. LUZON: Cagayan. Swampy sites at low elevation.
  8. Polygonum strigosum R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420.

Rumex L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Rumex acetosella L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 538; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Native of Eurasia, now widely distributed in the temperate parts of the N hemisphere. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1600-2400m. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos
  2. Rumex crispus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 335; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Native of Eurasia, now widely distributed in the temperate parts of the N hemisphere. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1400-2400m. Photos

Triplaris Loefl. ex L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2015

Photos

  1. Triplaris cumingiana Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Petersb. ser. 6, Sc. Nat. 4 (1845) 148. Native to neotropics. Planted for lumber. Photos

Non-naturalized cultivated plants:

  1. Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 1759 1007; --Polygonum uviferum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 365. Photos

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1963. Polygonaceae. Flora of Java 1: 219-226.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Danser, BH. 1927. Die Polygonaceen Niederlšndisch-Ostindiens. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique du Buitenzorg ser. 3, 8: 117-261.

Kim, S-T & MJ Donoghue. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of Persicaria (Persicarieae, Polygonaceae). Syst. Bot. 33: 77-86.

Liu, HY. 1996. Polygonaceae. In Huang, TC (ed.) Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed., 2 (1996) 294-315. (Genus Polygonum by CF Kuo, HY Liu and YP Yang).

Sanchez, A, TM Schuster, JM Burke & KA Kron. 2011. Taxonomy of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): A new tribal classification. Taxon 60: 151-160. 

Steward, AN. 1930. The Polygonaceae of eastern Asia. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium 5: 1-129.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 15 November 2017