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Rhamnaceae

Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser 6 May 2012

Photos
  1. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reiss. ex Endl., Gen. Pl. (1840) 1098; --Schirarend, in Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 308, Fig. 1. Photos
  2. Alphitonia philippinensis Braid, Kew Bull. (1925) 183; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 244.
  3. Alphitonia zizyphoides Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 525, non Sprengel.

    Note: Leonardo L. Co considered A. philippinensis and A. zizyphoides synonyms of Alphitonia excelsa and listed the following distrubution data for this more broadly circumscribed taxon: NE Australia, Moluccas, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, Kalimantan) and the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao. Low and medium elevation forests.

Berchemia DC.

No Photos
  1. Berchemia philippinensis Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 91; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Isabela, MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Thickets on exposed slopes, 1200-1600m.

Colubrina Rich. ex Brongn.

Photos
  1. Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. I, 10 (1827) 369; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 309; EPFP 2 (1923) 525; --Schirarend, in Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 311. India, China, throughout Malesia. Widespread throughout the Philippines. Along seashores and borders of tidal streams. Photos

Gouania L.

Photos
  1. Gouania javanica Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1856) 649; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 525. India to the Mascarene Isls, Indochina, Malaya. N LUZON to MINDANAO. In thickets at low and medium elevations. Accdording to Merrill, loc. cit., this is probably better placed as a pubescent variety of G. tiliaefolia and also to be compared with G. denticulata Sm.
  2. Gouania tiliaefolia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 5; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 526. --Gouania microcarpa Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 211; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 309. India to the Mascarenes, Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia and the Philippines. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets.

Maesopsis Engl.

[Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2013

Photos
  1. Maesopsis eminii Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C (1895) and in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. iii. 5 (1895) 399. Of African origin. Introduced for reforestation. MINDANAO. Photos

Rhamnus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 November 2016

Photos
  1. Rhamnus javanica Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1 (1856) 647; --Soejarto et al. 1995. Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. Indonesia, Philippines. PALAWAN: Victoria Mtns & Mt Mantalingahan. Based on PNH 3830 Sulit and 1211 Edaño, respectively.
  2. Rhamnus mollis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 405; EPFP 2 (1923) 525. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Mossy forest, c. 1800m.
  3. Rhamnus philippinensis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 342; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Tayabas, Rizal, MINDORO. Thickets, alt. 600-1800m. Photos
  4. Rhamnus pulogensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 359; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 525. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet (Mt Pulog), Rizal. Mossy forest, c. 2400m on Mt Pulog.

Sageretia Brongn.

No Photos
  1. Sageretia hamosa Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. 10 (1826) 360; --Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 35; EPFP 4 (1925) 253. Sri Lanka, India, Taiwan, Philippines, Java. LUZON: Quezon (Umiray, based on Loher 14009).
  2. Sageretia theezans (L.) Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. I, 10 (1827) 360; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524. India, China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Benguet, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal. Thickets, 900-1500m.

Smythea Seem.

No Photos
  1. Smythea pacifica Seem., Bonplandia 9 (1861) 255; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Borneo, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor Laut), Moluccas (Aru), Solomon Isls, Fiji. STA CRUZ (off Zamboanga in Mindanao, based on Merrill 11626). Thickets on coastal coral limestone.

Ventilago Gaertn.

No Photos
  1. Ventilago brunnea Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Aurora. Lowland forests.
  2. Ventilago dichotoma (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 27 (1905) 32; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, PALAWAN. Low and medium elevation forests and thickets.
  3. Ventilago lanceolata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 330; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. BILIRAN. Low elevation thickets.
  4. Ventilago lucens Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860-61) 330; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Sumatra. LUZON: Aurora prov., based on Merrill 1105, in thickets or forests at low elevation. Accdg. to Merrill, loc. cit., identification to Miquel’s species not certainly correct.
  5. Ventilago luzoniensis Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Tarlac, Rizal. Probably in thickets at low elevation.
  6. Ventilago multinervia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 369; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Apayao, LEYTE. Lowland thickets.
  7. Ventilago oblongifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 1144; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Peninsular Malaysia, Java and the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Bulacan, Laguna, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Lowland thickets and forests.
  8. Ventilago palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1829; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521; --Type: Elmer 13224 (A, F, GH, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Primary forest along stream, c. 150m. PALAWAN: Mt Bloomfield; Mt Pulgar; Irawan River Valley. Lowland forests.

Ziziphus Mill.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2015

Photos
  1. Ziziphus angustifolius (Miq.) Hatus. & Steen., Nova Guinea, Bot. 3 (1960) 13. --Ziziphus inermis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 37; EPFP 2 (1923) 522. --Ziziphus grewioides (Warb.) Perry, Blumea 7 (1954) 595. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Sulawesi, Maluku (Seram), New Guinea (SE), Solomons and Philippines: LUZON (Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines provinces, Albay, Sorsogon), MINDORO, PALAWAN, MASBATE, BILIRAN, SAMAR, LEYTE, MINDANAO (Surigao, Agusan del Norte, Davao, Lanao, Zamboanga). Forests at low elevation. Photos
  2. Ziziphus crebrivenosa C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 201; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 522; --Schirarend, in Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 318. Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. SAMAR, MINDANAO (Agusan, Bukidnon, Zamboanga, Davao). Primary forests along streams at low and medium elevation.
  3. Ziziphus cumingiana Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 206; EPFP 2 (1923) 522; --Schirarend, in Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 317. Photos
  4. Ziziphus hutchinsonii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 288; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 522. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao. Low elevation forests.
  5. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 319. --Ziziphus jujuba Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 318; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308; EPFP 2 (1923) 523, non Z. jujuba Mill. Introduced from tropical Asia. Widely distributed in the Philippines as a cultivated or semi-cultivated tree, scarcely naturalized, here universally known as manzanitas. Photos
  6. Ziziphus otanesii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 40; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Type: BS 17964 Otañes. LUZON: Pangasinan. Lowland thickets or forests.
  7. Ziziphus palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1828; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Type: Elmer 12891 (A, F, GH, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, Lowland primary forests, c. 225m. PALAWAN. Closely allied to the Malayan Z. calophylla Wall. Photos
  8. Ziziphus suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 408; --Schirarend, in Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 318; --Type: BS 44295 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Tawi-tawi, damp forests along small streams at low elevations. Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas and the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Lowland forests.
  9. Ziziphus talanai (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 244; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 523. --Ziziphus zonulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 120; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Common in lowland forests. Photos
  10. Ziziphus trinervia (Cav.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1813) 192; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308; EPFP 2 (1923) 523. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon. Common in low elevation forests and thickets.

Zizyphus =Ziziphus


Literature

Islam, MB & MP Simmons. 2006. A thorny dilemma: testing alternative intrageneric classifications within Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae). Systematic Botany 31: 826-842.

Latiff, A. 1989. Rhamnaceae. Tree Flora of Malaya 4: 197-301.

Schirarend, C 1995. Rhamnaceae. In Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 1: 305- 319.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 6 March 2017