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Rhamnaceae

Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser 6 May 2012

Photos
  1. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Endl., Gen. Pl. (1840) 1098; --Schirarend in Soepadmo & K.M.Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 308; --Colubrina excelsa Fenzl, Enum. Pl. Hügel (1837) 20. --Alphitonia zizyphoides auct. non (Sol. ex Spreng.) A.Gray; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 525. --Alphitonia philippinensis Braid, Kew Bull. (1925) 183; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 244. NE Australia, Moluccas, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak, Brunei, Kalimantan), Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao. Low and medium elevation forests. Photos

Berchemia DC.

No Photos
  1. Berchemia philippinensis S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 91; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Isabela, MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Thickets on exposed slopes, 1200-1600m.

Colubrina Rich. ex Brongn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 September 2017

Photos
  1. Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. I, 10 (1827) 369; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 309; EPFP 2 (1923) 525; --Schirarend in Soepadmo & K.M.Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 311; --Ceanothus asiaticus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 196. India, China, throughout Malesia. Widespread throughout the Philippines. Along seashores and borders of tidal streams. Photos

Gouania L.

Photos
  1. Gouania javanica Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1856) 649; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 525. India to the Mascarene Isls, Indochina, Malaysia. N LUZON to MINDANAO. In thickets at low and medium elevation. Accdording to Merrill (1923), this is probably better placed as a pubescent variety of Gouania tiliaefolia and also to be compared with Gouania denticulata Sm.
  2. Gouania tiliaefolia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 5; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 526. --Gouania microcarpa Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 211; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 309. India to the Mascarenes, Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets.

Maesopsis Engl. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2013

Photos
  1. Maesopsis eminii Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C (1895) 255; --Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 3, 5 (1895) 399. Of African origin. Introduced for reforestation. MINDANAO. Photos

Rhamnus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 November 2016

Photos
  1. Rhamnus javanica Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1 (1856) 647; --Soejarto et al. 1995. Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. Indonesia, Philippines. PALAWAN: Victoria Mtns (PNH 3830 Sulit) & Mt Mantalingahan (Edaño 1211).
  2. Rhamnus mollis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 405; EPFP 2 (1923) 525. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Mossy forest, c. 1800m.
  3. Rhamnus philippinensis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 342; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Tayabas, Rizal, MINDORO. Thickets, 600-1800m. Photos
  4. Rhamnus pulogensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 359; EPFP 2 (1923) 525. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet (Mt Pulog), Rizal. Mossy forest, c. 2400m on Mt Pulog.

Sageretia Brongn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 September 2017

Photos
  1. Sageretia hamosa Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. 10 (1826) 360; --Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 35; EPFP 4 (1925) 253. Sri Lanka, India, Taiwan, Philippines, Java. LUZON: Quezon (Umiray, Loher 14009). Photos
  2. Sageretia theezans (L.) Brongn., Ann. Sci. Nat. I, 10 (1827) 360; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 524; --Rhamnus theezans L., Mant. Pl. Altera (1771) 207. India, China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Benguet, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal. Thickets, 900-1500m.

Smythea Seem.

No Photos
  1. Smythea pacifica Seem., Bonplandia 9 (1861) 255; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Borneo, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor Laut), Moluccas (Aru), Solomon Isls, Fiji. STA CRUZ (off Zamboanga in Mindanao, Merrill 11626). Thickets on coastal coral limestone.

Ventilago Gaertn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 September 2017

No Photos
  1. Ventilago brunnea Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Aurora. Lowland forests.
  2. Ventilago dichotoma (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 27 (1905) 32; EPFP 2 (1923) 521; --Enrila dichotoma Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 709. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, PALAWAN. Low and medium elevation forests and thickets.
  3. Ventilago lanceolata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 330; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. BILIRAN. Low elevation thickets.
  4. Ventilago lucens Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1861) 330; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Sumatra. LUZON: Aurora prov. (Merrill 1105), in thickets or forests at low elevation. According to Merrill (1923), identification to Miquel’s species not certainly correct.
  5. Ventilago luzoniensis S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Tarlac, Rizal. Probably in thickets at low elevation.
  6. Ventilago multinervia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 369; EPFP 2 (1923) 521. LUZON: Apayao, LEYTE. Lowland thickets.
  7. Ventilago oblongifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 1144; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521. Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Bulacan, Laguna, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Lowland thickets and forests.
  8. Ventilago palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1829; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 521; --Type: Elmer 13224 (A, F, GH, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Primary forest along stream, c. 150m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Mt Bloomfield; Mt Pulgar; Irawan River Valley. Lowland forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).

Ziziphus Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 September 2017

Photos
  1. Ziziphus angustifolia (Miq.) Hatus. ex Steenis, Nova Guinea, Bot. 3 (1960) 13; --Solenostigma angustifolium Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 412. --Ziziphus inermis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 37; EPFP 2 (1923) 522. --Ziziphus grewioides (Warb.) Perry, Blumea 7 (1954) 595; --Celtis grewioides Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13 (1891) 287. India, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan), Sulawesi, Maluku (Seram), New Guinea (SE), Solomons, Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines provinces, Albay, Sorsogon), MINDORO, PALAWAN, MASBATE, BILIRAN, SAMAR, LEYTE, MINDANAO (Surigao, Agusan del Norte, Davao, Lanao, Zamboanga). Forests at low elevation. Photos
  2. Ziziphus crebrivenosa C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 201; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 522; --Schirarend in Soepadmo & K.M.Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 318. Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. SAMAR, MINDANAO (Agusan, Bukidnon, Zamboanga, Davao). Primary forests along streams at low and medium elevation.
  3. Ziziphus cumingiana Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 206; EPFP 2 (1923) 522; --Schirarend in Soepadmo & K.M.Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 317. Photos
  4. Ziziphus hutchinsonii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 288; EPFP 2 (1923) 522. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao. Low elevation forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  5. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 319. --Ziziphus jujuba Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 318; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308; EPFP 2 (1923) 523, nom. illeg., auct. non Mill. Introduced from tropical Asia. Widely distributed in the Philippines as a cultivated or semi-cultivated tree, scarcely naturalized, here universally known as manzanitas. Photos
  6. Ziziphus otanesii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 40; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Type: BS 17964 Otañes. LUZON: Pangasinan. Lowland thickets or forests.
  7. Ziziphus palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1828; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Type: Elmer 12891 (A, F, GH, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, Lowland primary forests, c. 225m. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Closely allied to the Malayan Ziziphus calophylla Wall. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  8. Ziziphus suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 408; --Schirarend in Soepadmo & K.M.Wong, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 1 (1995) 318; --Type: BS 44295 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Tawi-tawi, damp forests along small streams at low elevations. Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Lowland forests.
  9. Ziziphus talanai (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 244; EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Rhamnus talanai Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 170. --Ziziphus zonulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 120; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308. Endemic to the Philippines. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Common in lowland forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  10. Ziziphus trinervia (Cav.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1813) 192; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 308; EPFP 2 (1923) 523; --Rhamnus trinervis Cav., Icon. 6 (1800) 3. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon. Common in low elevation forests and thickets.

Zizyphus = Ziziphus


Literature

Cahen, D & TMA Utteridge. 2017. Three new species of Ventilago (Rhamnaceae) from South-East Asia. Phytotaxa 307: 171-182

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Islam, MB & MP Simmons. 2006. A thorny dilemma: testing alternative intrageneric classifications within Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae). Systematic Botany 31: 826-842.

Latiff, A. 1989. Rhamnaceae. Tree Flora of Malaya 4: 197-301.

Schirarend, C. 1995. Rhamnaceae. In Soepadmo & KM Wong, Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 1: 305-319.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 17 November 2017