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Rhizophoraceae

Bruguiera Lam.

Photos
  1. Bruguiera cylindrica (L.) Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1828) 93; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 348;   EPFP 3 (1923) 147; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 467. SE Asia, throughout Malesia to N Queensland. Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Photos
  2. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny in Lam., Encycl. Method. Bot. 4 (1798) 696; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 146, pro syn. B. conjugata; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 461. --Bruguiera conjugata [non Rhizophora conjugata (L.) Merr.] auctt. Tropical S & E Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles, Christmas Is, Sri Lanka, SE Asia, Ryukyu Isls, throughout Malesia, to Australia, Micronesia (Palau, Yap, Marshall Isls, etc.), and Polynesia (Samoa, Fiji). Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Common. Photos
  3. Bruguiera parviflora (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. ex Griff., Trans. Med. Phys. Soc. Calc. 8 (1836) 10; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 464, Fig. 6a, 20. 21. SE Asia, throughout Malesia to Melanesia (Vanuatu. Solomon Isls) and Australia (N Quuensland and Northern Territory), introduced in Hawaii. Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Photos
  4. Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 4 (1816) 262; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 147; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 463, Fig. 6b, 17m, 18, 23. --Bruguiera eriopetala Wight & Arn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 1 (1838) 368; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 347. Sri Lanka, SE Asia, throughout Malesia to New Britain and E New Guinea, introduced in Hawaii. Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Photos

Carallia Roxb.

Photos
  1. Carallia borneensis Oliver in Hook., Icon. Pl. (1896) t. 2459; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 484; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 484. --Carallia mindanaensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 146; --Sagittipetalum mindanaense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 247. --Sagittipetalum palawanense Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1830. Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, New Guinea (Irian Jaya). PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Low altitude primary forests.
  2. Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 249; EPFP 3 (1923) 146; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 485, Fig. 31-32. Madagascar to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam, S China (Guangdong), Hainan, Hongkong, throughout Malesia to New Britain, Solomon Isls, and N Australia. N LUZON to PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Chiefly in secondary forests at low and medium altitudes, often common. Photos

Ceriops Arn.

Photos
  1. Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 144; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 469, Fig. 24a-e, 25. E Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, India, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam, Taiwan, throughout Malesia to Micronesia (Carolines: Palau; Yap), Australia (Northern Territory; Queensland), Melanesia (?New Ireland, Solomon Isls, New Caledonia). Throughout the Philippines. Common.
  2. Ceriops zippeliana Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1849) 143. --Ceriops decandra auct. non (Griff.) Ding Hou (1958) 471, pro part. Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines: LUZON to MINDANAO. Edges of mangrove swamps, but relatively rare, and much less common than C. tagal. Photos

Gynotroches Blume

Photos
  1. Gynotroches axillaris Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 127, t. 31; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 144; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 488, Fig. 33. --Gynotroches parvifolia Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 46; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 144. --Gynotroches puberula Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 144. --Gynotroches lanceolata Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 21; EPFP 3 (1923) 144. S Myanmar (Upper Tenasserim) and S Thailand, throughout Malesia (except C to E Java and the Lesser Sunda Isls), Melanesia (Solomon Isls; New Britain), and Micronesia (Carolines: Tjaparna, Ponape). LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO, DINAGAT, BUCAS GRANDE. Lowland primary forests to mossy forests on exposed ridges. Photos

Kandelia Wight & Arn.

Photos
  1. Kandelia candel (L.) Druce, Bot. Exch. Club (1914) 420; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 472, Fig. 26; --Primavera, et al. (2004). Handb. Mangroves Philip.-Panay 50. Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, S China (Guangdong; Hongkong), Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, S Japan (Kyushu), NE Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, W N Borneo.  LUZON: Aurora (Baler and Casiguran Bay, Cozo). Muddy substrate along tidal creeks and rivers, associated with Nypa fruticans and Sonneratia alba. Photos

Pellacalyx Korth.

Photos
  1. Pellacalyx axillaris Korth.,Tijdrschr. Nat. Gesch. 3 (1836) 20, t.2; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 148; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 493, Fig. 35f. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low altitude forests.
  2. Pellacalyx lobbii (JD Hook.) Schimp.in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 7 (1893) 54; --Soejarto et al. 1995. Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 491, Fig. 34. Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN: Pagdanan Range, based on Soejarto & Fernando 7464 (A, F, PNH).
  3. Pellacalyx pustulatus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 47; EPFP 3 (1923) 148; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 492. Philippines, N Sulawesi. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao. Primary forests from lowlands up to 900m. Photos

Rhizophora L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 August 2014

Photos
  1. Rhizophora apiculata Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1828) 91; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 452, Fig. 1, 7, 11, 12. --Rhizophora candelaria DC, Prodr. 3 (1828) 32; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 145. --Rhizophora conjugata DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 33; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 145, pro syn. R candelaria. Tropical SE Asia (also Sri Lanka), throughout Malesia to Micronesia (Marianas, Ponape, Guam, Yap), New Britain, Solomon Isls, Vanuatu. Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Common. Photos
  2. Rhizophora mucronata Poir. in Lam., Tabl. Encycl. Meth. Bot. (text) 2 (1794) 517; Tabl. 1 (1797) t. 396, Fig. 2; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 145; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 453; Addenda, Corrigenda & Emendanda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 966. E Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius, SE Asia, Ryukyu Isls, throughout Malesia to N Australia, Melanesia (Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia), Micronesia (Guam, Palau, Ponape, Ogiwal), Tonga. Introduced in Hawaii. Mangrove swamps throughout the Philippines. Photos
  3. Rhizophora stylosa Griff., Not. Pl. As. 4 (1854) 665; --Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 456. --Rhizophora mucronata var. stylosa Schimp., --Salvoza, Nat. Appl. Sc. Bull. Un. Philipp. 5 (1936) 218, t. 5. Taiwan, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, to Melanesia (Solomon Isls, Fiji), New Britain, N Australia, Micronesia (Guam & Marshall Isls). Exclusively along sandy shores and coral terraces, facing the open sea. Photos
Hybrids:
  1. Rhizophora lamarckii Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Lyon 10 (1860) 201. Hybrid between Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora stylosa. BOHOL, CEBU, GUIMARAS,  NEGROS, PANAY. Photos

Literature

Ding Hou. 1958. Rhizophoraceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 429-493

McLarnon E & The Malpighiales Team at Kew (Gill Challen, Sue Zmarzty). Interactive key to the genera of Euphorbiaceae s.l., Salicaceae and Achariaceae

Sheue, CR, HY Liu, CC Tsai, SMA Rashid, JWH Yong, YP Yang. 2009. On the morphology and molecular basis of segregation of Ceriops zippeliana and C. decandra (Rhizophoraceae) from Asia. Blumea 54: 220-227.

Sheue, CR, HY Liu, YP Yang. 2010. Comparison of Ceriops pseudodecanda sp. nov. (Rhizophoraceae) , a new mangrove species in Australasia, with related species. Botanical Studies 51: 237-248.

Sheue, C-R, SMA Rashid, JWH Yong, YP Yang. 2010. Ceriops zippeliana Blume (Rhizophoraceae), a new record of a mangrove species in Singapore. Taiwaniana 55: 72-77.

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Last updated February 21, 2015