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Sapotaceae

Including Sarcospermaceae

Chrysophyllum L.

[Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

Photos
  1. Chrysophyllum cainito L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 192; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288; --Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 26. Native of the West Indies and Central America. Cultivated pantropically for its edible fruit. Photos
  2. Chrysophyllum oliviforme L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 11 (1759) 937; --Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 27. Introduced from the neotropics. Occasionally cultivated at low elevation in the Philippines. Photos

Diploknema Pierre

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

No Photos
  1. Diploknema ramiflora (Merr.) HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 184, Fig. 52; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 9 (1958) 78, Fig. 3; --Madhuca ramiflora (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278; 4 (1925) 245; --Illipe ramiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 42; --Type: FB 189 Barnes. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Laguna, Quezon. Low elevation primary forests.

Donella Pierre ex Baill.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

No Photos
  1. Donella lanceolata (Blume) Aubrév., Fl. Camb., Laos & Vietn. 3 (1963) 64; --Chrysophyllum lanceolatum (Blume) A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 162, nom. illeg.; --Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 28; --Nycterisition lanceolatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 676 (1826); --Type from Java. --Chrysophyllum roxburghii G Don, Gen. Gard. Syst. Dict. 4 (1838) 33; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 187, except syn. C. curtisii King & Gamble. Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS. Low elevation primary forests.

Ganua Pierre ex Dubard = Madhuca

Madhuca Buch.-Ham. ex J.F.Gmel.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

Photos
  1. Madhuca betis (Blanco) MacBride, Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. N.S. 53 (1918) 18; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 161, pro parte; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 39. --Madhuca philippinensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 278; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 166; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 447, Fig. 19. Borneo, Sulawesi, Muna and the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Cavite, Camarines, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Primary Lowland rainforests.
  2. Madhuca burckiana (Koord.) HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 172; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 453, t. 21; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 68. --Madhuca fusicarpa (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; 4 (1925) 245. Sulawesi, Muna, Sumbawa, Borneo, Philippines, Ambon, and New Guinea. LUZON: Cagayan, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao. Primary lowland forests, ascending to 1000m. Photos
  3. Madhuca coriacea (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 180, 264; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 462; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 107. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR, LEYTE. Lowland primary rainforests.
  4. Madhuca lanceolata (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 182; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 462; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 110; --Type: Ahern 493 (NY, US), Dinagat, 1902. Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT. Probably in lowland forest.
  5. Madhuca mindanaensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 175, 264, t. 48; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 455; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 19. Borneo (Sabah & Kalimantan) and MINDANAO: Misamis. Lowland primary forests.
  6. Madhuca mirandae (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 174; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 460; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 90. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Mt Kaladis). Forested ridge, c.100m.
  7. Madhuca monticola (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; 4 (1925) 245; --Bassia monticola Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 56; --Ganua monticola (Merr.) HJ Lam, Blumea 7 (1953) 379, Fig. 6; --HJ Lam, Blumea 8 (1957) 511. --Ganua boerlageana sensu HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 427 non (Burck) Pierre ex Dubard. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Forested peaks and ridges, up to 550m.
  8. Madhuca multiflora (Merr.) MacBride, Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. N.S. 53 (1918) 18; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 449; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 65. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal (Antipolo & Boso-boso), POLILLO (Anibawan), PANAY: Capiz (Mt Timbaban), MINDANAO: Lanao. Lowland primary rainforests. 
  9. Madhuca oblongifolia (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 166; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 447;--Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 105. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta & Llavac), Camarines Norte (Paracale). Lowland primary forests.
  10. Madhuca obovatifolia (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 180; --Bassia obovatifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 57; --Ganua obovatifolia (Merr.) Assem, Blumea 7 (1953) 390, Fig. 11. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Guinayangan), Camarines Norte (near Daet). Low elevation primary forests.
  11. Madhuca palembanica (Miq.) ined.; --Ganua palembanica (Miq.) Assem & Kosterm., Blumea 7 (1954) 482; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan. PALAWAN: Mt Beaufort, Soejarto et al. 7100, F, PNH.
  12. Madhuca platyphylla (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 167; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 449; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 65. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur (Margosatubig), alt. 70m.

Manilkara Adans. emend. Gilly

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 May 2014

Photos
  1. Manilkara fasciculata (Warb.) HJ Lam & Maas Geest., Blumea 4 (1941) 335, Fig. 8; --Mimusops fasciculata Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13 (1891) 401. --Manilkara calophylloides H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Ser. III, 7 (1925) 240; --Mimusops callophylloides Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 337, nom. illeg.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288; --Manilkara merrilliana HJ Lam, Blumea 4 (1941) 334, Fig. 7, nom. illeg.; --Type: FB 22834 Ponce (L, lecto; BM, K, NY, P, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Surigao prov., Cadyangao, rather dense forest at about sea level, 20-Aug-1914. Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon (E coast), SAMAR, MINDANAO: Surigao. Low elevation forests, coastal forest on limestone. VU A2cd (Armstrong 2013).
  2. Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 23 (1915) 9, Fig. 1 & 2; --Royen, Blumea 7 (1953) 405; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 239; --Mimusops kauki L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 349; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288. Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Fiji, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, SULU. Lowland or coastal forest, occasionally montane forest, area of origin unknown. LC (Armstrong 2013).
  3. Manilkara zapota (L.) Royen, Blumea 7 (1953) 410; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 218; --Achras zapota L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1190; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 363; EPFP 3 (1923) 283. Introduced from the Neotropics, now pantropical in cultivation for its edible fruits. Grown in the lowlands. Photos

Mimusops L.

Photos
  1. Mimusops elengi L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 349; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 368; EPFP 3 (1923) 288; --Royen, Blumea 6 (1952 594. --Mimusops parvifolia R Br., Prodr. (1810) 531; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288. Indomalesia. Cultivated for fragrant flowers.

Palaquium Blanco

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

Photos
  1. Palaquium abundantiflorum HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 61, Fig. 11; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 457. --Palaquium barnesii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278, non Merr., 1903. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Lamao River). Fl. Jan.
  2. Palaquium barnesii Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1903) 13; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 7 (1925) 67; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 401; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 484. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MASBATE. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Jan.
  3. Palaquium bataanense Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 44; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 37; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 527, Fig. 14. Endemic to the Philippines. BATANES (no definite locality, based on BS 3668 Fenix (NY), LUZON: Bataan, SIBUYAN, PALAWAN, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Lanao (Butig). Dry hill forests at low elevation. Recorded at 700-850m in Lanao. Fl.-Jan, Mar, Oct; Fr.-Mar., May, Jun. Photos
  4. Palaquium calophyllum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Pierre, in Burcke, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 5 (1886) 28; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 52, incl. var. typica & var. philippinense HJ Lam; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 398; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 558, Fig. 20. Peninsular Malaysia, Moluccas (Ternate), New Guinea, Philippines: MINDANAO (Surigao, 20m).
  5. Palaquium cuprifolium Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2817; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 77; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 479. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Humus-covered clay of forested ridges at 300m. Fr. Jul.
  6. Palaquium dubardii Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 868; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 38; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 583. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, PALAWAN (Mt Pulgar), SIBUYAN (Pauala River; Mt Giting-giting), PANAY, SAMAL. Primary forests, 200-600m, on red soil with gravelly subsoil on wooded banks.
  7. Palaquium elliptilimbum Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 46; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 490. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban), POLILLO (Anibawan).
  8. Palaquium elongatum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 257; EPFP 3 (1923) 279;--HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 61; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 551. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Quezon (E coast). In primary forests at low elevation.
  9. Palaquium formosanum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 (1911-12) 184; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 280; 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 472. --Palaquium polyandrum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 (1911-12) 185, non C.B.Rob. (1908). --Palaquium paucivenosum HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 101, Fig. 29; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; --Type: BS 4101 Fenix, Camiguin (SING). Taiwan, Lanyu, Lutao, and the Philippines. BATAN (Mt Iraya), CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON (based on Haenke 434 (NY), no definite locality.
  10. Palaquium foxworthyi Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 98; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 530. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon. Primary forests, ascending to 300m.
  11. Palaquium gigantifolium Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1903) 14; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 75; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 477. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang; Lucban; Pagbilao), Laguna, CATANDUANES, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Pinamalayan; Baco River; Alag River), MINDANAO. Recorded at 1000m in Laguna. Fl. Apr, Fr. May.
  12. Palaquium glabrifolium Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 46; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 398; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 583. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Capiz (Mt Macosolon, 228m). Fl. Apr.-May.
  13. Palaquium glabrum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 61; -- HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 102; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 531. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan), Rizal. Primary forests at low elevation.
  14. Palaquium globosum HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 76; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 478. --Palaquium retusum (non Becc.) Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 256; EPFP 3 (1923) 283; 4 (1925) 245. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan (Labrador). In forests and forested ravines, 300-1200m. Fl. in Mar., Nov., Dec.; Fr. in Nov.
  15. Palaquium heterosepalum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 61; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 38; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395. --Palaquium cuneifolium Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 35, 254; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 391; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 585. --LUZON: Ilocos Norte; Ilocos Sur; Zambales (Botolan); Bulacan; Rizal (Montalban & adjacent mtns); Batangas (Tanauan), MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Paluan), PANAY: Iloilo (Mt Pulacan, Miag-ao), GUIMARAS, CEBU. In primary and secondary forests, or in swamp, 200-1200m. Fl. Dec.-Jan; Fr. Dec.-Mar. Possibly in Borneo (Sarawak), fide Royen.
  16. Palaquium lanceolatum Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 403; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 103; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 541, Fig. 17. --Madhuca pacifica Baehni, Boissiera 11 (1965) 36; --Type: BS 75240 Ramos & Edańo (SING, holo for fruit), Catanduanes, Jul/Sep-1928. --Palaquium pacificum Elmer, ined. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan (Lamao River & Mt Mariveles), Rizal (San Mateo & Baras), Quezon (Mauban), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES. Lowland rainforests.
  17. Palaquium loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 47; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 525; --Type: Loher 13396 (K, lecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal.
  18. Palaquium luzoniense (Fern.-Villar) Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 176; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 526. --Palaquium ahernianum Merr., Philipp. For. Bur. Bull. 1 (1903) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 278. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Zambales, Bataan, Aurora, Rizal, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Bongabong River), MASBATE, SIBUYAN, PANAY: Iloilo (Mt Balutinao; Miag-ao), GUIMARAS (Sulangun Hill), MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Sta. Maria), Lanao, Agusan, Surigao. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Aug-Jan.
  19. Palaquium merrillii Dubard, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 15 (1909) 381; -- HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 96; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 534, Fig. 15. --Palaquium lanceolatum (non Blanco) Merr. Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), Quezon (Calauag), Camarines (Dalupaon & Pasacao), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), POLILLO (Karlagan), MINDORO, GUIMARAS, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Butuan).
  20. Palaquium mindanaense Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1904) 15; EPFP 3 (1923) 281; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 105; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 524; --Type: Ahern 837 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; US, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Lowland primary rainforests.
  21. Palaquium montanum Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3102; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 281; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 59; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 463. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Mt Makiling), MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). In forest, c. 1100m. Fl. Jun-Jul. Photos
  22. Palaquium obovatum (Griff.) Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 12 (1890) 511; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245.
  23. Palaquium obtusifolium Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 5 (1886) 33; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 100; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 515. --Palaquium negrosense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 63; EPFP 3 (1923) 281; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 99; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411. Sumatra, Java (cultivated), Bali, Sumbawa, Selayar, Philippines, Buton, Sulawesi, Sula Isls, Talaud, Ternate, Buru, Seram, Morotai, Tanimbar Isls, New Guinea. NEGROS: Negros Occidental (San Carlos, type locality of P. negrosense); MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland primary forests.
  24. Palaquium philippense (Perr.) C.Robinson, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 304; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 59, 255; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 466, fig. 3. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Bataan, Tarlac, Bulacan, Rizal, Batangas, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Albay, Sorsogon, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Mt Calavite), PANAY: Capiz, NEGROS, LEYTE (Ormoc, Lake Danao), MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Common in lowland and medium elevation primary forests. Fl. Aug-Sep. Photos
  25. Palaquium pinnatinervium Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2819; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 282; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 55; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 399; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 487. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Primary forests up to 900m. Fr. Sept.
  26. Palaquium polyandrum C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 212; –Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 282; 4 (1925) 245; -- HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 76; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 485. --Palaquium lepidotum C.B.Rob., ined. --Palaquium wenzelii Merr., ined. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, LEYTE (Dagami, Tacloban), SAMAR (Mt Malignon), MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Malangas; Sax River & San Ramon), Misamis, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta).
  27. Palaquium pseudorostratum HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 393, Fig. 3; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 586. Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan) and the Philippines (no exact locality, based on Lay sn (BM), fr.
  28. Palaquium ridleyi King & Gamble, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 74 (1906) 196. Vietnam to New Guinea, Philippines?
  29. Palaquium sorsogonense Elmer ex HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 65, Fig. 13; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 401; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283; 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 468. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Abulug), Quezon (Lucban), Camarines Sur (Mt Bagacay), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan, type locality), BILIRAN (Mt Suiro), LEYTE (Mt Abucayan), SAMAR (Catubig River; Mt Cansayao), Lowland primary forests, swampy habitats, riverine forests, etc. Fl. Dec.
  30. Palaquium tenuipetiolatum Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 283; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 95; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 410; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 529. --Palaquium vulcanicum Elmer, msc. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDORO. Common in primary forests and dry hill forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  31. Palaquium xanthochymum (de Vriese) Pierre ex Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 5 (1885) 30; --Isonandra xanthochyma de Vriese, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 21(1860) 311. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines?

Doubtful species

  1. Palaquium vidalii Pierre ex Dubard, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 15 (1909) 381; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 106; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; --Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 598. Known only from original description. Type specimen, Vidal 9 (in P?) not traced by Royen. Exact Philippine locality not known. Endemic to the Philippines.

Payena A.DC.

No Photos
  1. Payena leerii (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 40, 2 (1871) 69; --HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 137; 261; --Brugg, Blumea 9 (1958) 121; --Madhuca leerii (Teijsm. & Binn.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Riau, Banka, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low elevation primary forests.

Planchonella Pierre

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

Photos
  1. Planchonella chartacea (F.Muell. ex Benth.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 7 (1925) 217 (1925). --Planchonella linggensis (Burck) Pierre, Not. Bot. Sapot. (1890) 35; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 384. --Planchonella oxyedra Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 50, ---Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 246. --Sideroxylon pittosporifolium Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 873; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286. Malesia to SW Pacific, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, MINDANAO: Surigao. Low and medium elevation forests.
  2. Planchonella duclitan (Blanco) Bakh.f., Blumea 12 (1963) 62 (1963); --Pouteria duclitan (Blanco) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 283; --Sideroxylon duclitan Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; 4 (1925) 245. --Planchonella nitida (Blume) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 62; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 362. --Sideroxylon balitbitan Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 130, 92, 169. --Sideroxylon ramiflorum Merr., Gov. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 43. Bangladesh, Burma, Andaman Isls, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Batangas, Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation forests.
  3. Planchonella macrantha (Merr.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; --Pouteria macrantha (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 328; --Herrman-Erlee & van Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 485; --Lucuma macrantha (Merr.) HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 225; --Sideroxylon macranthum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1905) 56; EPFP 3 (1923) 286; 4 (1925) 246; --Bureavella macrantha (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia 3 (1963) 331; --Type: T.E. Borden 21736 (= Forestry Bureau 2741) (holo PNH, destroyed; isotypes BO, K, SING, US), Luzon, Province Bataan, Lamoa River, Mt. Mariveles, March 1905. --Lucuma dolichosperma HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 223, Fig. 60. --Sideroxylon stenophyllum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 258; EPFP 3 (1923) 287. Philippines to Moluccas. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, TICAO, BALABAC. Low elevation primary forests, to c. 600 in Mindoro.
  4. Planchonella mindanaensis HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 207, Fig. 57; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 414; --Pouteria mindanaensis (HJ Lam) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 326; --Sideroxylon mindanaense Merr. ex HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 207, Fig. 57; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 246. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Lake Lanao). Low elevation forests.
  5. Planchonella obovata (R Br.) Pierre, Not. Bot. Sapot. (1890) 36; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 368; --Pouteria obovata (R Br.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 324. --Sideroxylon acuminatum Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1487; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284. --Sideroxylon ahernianum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 55; EPFP 3 (1923) 284. --Sideroxylon attenuatum DC, Prodr. 8 (1844) 178. --Sideroxylon ferrugineum Hook. & Arn., Bot. Capt. Beechey’s Voyage 6 (1841) 266, t. 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; 4 (1925) 245. --Sideroxylon merrillii (Dubard) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286. --Sideroxylon philippense (Dubard) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287. --Sideroxylon apoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2821; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284. India, Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Nicobar Isls, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Hainan, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Australia, Palau, Caroline Isls, Marianas Isls, Bonin. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Beach forests and thickets, lowland to montane forests, ascending to 1350m. Photos
  6. Planchonella ridsdalei (Vink) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; --Pouteria ridsdalei Vink, Blumea 47 (2002) 136; --Type: C.E. Ridsdale 1695 (holo L; K, iso), Mindoro, Mt. Halcon area near Paitan, Dulangan Range, 8 May 1986. Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Planchonella velutina (Elmer) HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 215; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 411. --Pouteria velutina (Elmer) Baehni, Mem. Sapot., Candollea 9 (1942) 380. --Sideroxylon velutinum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1834; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; 4 (1925) 246. --Sideroxylon bulusanense Elmer ex HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 215, in syn. Endemic to the Philippines.
  8. Planchonella villamilii (Merr.) Swenson, (Vink) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; --Pouteria villamilii (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 328; --Herrman-Erlee & van Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 483; --Bureavella villamilii (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia, n.s., 3 (1963) 331; --Sideroxylon villamilii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 59; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; 4 (1925) 246; --Type: A. Villamil, Forest Bureau 19762 (holo PNH, not found; iso US), Luzon, Laguna, June 1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan, Laguna, SIARGAO. medium elevation primary forests.

Pleioluma (Baill.) Baehni

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

Photos
  1. Pleioluma firma (Miq.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 763 (2013).; --Planchonella firma (Miq.) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 59; --Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 316; --Pouteria firma (Miq.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 284. --Planchonella fragrans (Elmer) HJ Lam, Proc. 6th Pacific Sc. Congr. Berkeley (1939) 680; --Sideroxylon fragrans Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 871; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285. --Sideroxylon gitingense Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 873; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285. --Sideroxylon angustifolium Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.)_35 (1906) 56; EPFP 3 (1923) 284. Nicobar Isls., Thailand to Solomon Isls., Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, SIBUYAN, NEGROS, LEYTE. Primary forests, including over ultramafics, 200-500m; 1000-1150m. Photos
  2. Pleioluma foxworthyi (Elmer) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 764; --Planchonella foxworthyi (Elmer) HJ Lam, Proc. 6th Pacific Sci. Congr. Berkeley (1939) 678; --Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 319; --Sideroxylon foxworthyi Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1836; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; --Type: Elmer 12824 (holo: PNH, destroyed; P00648085; isolectotypes E, FI, G, L, NSW, P, US, Z), Palawan, Puerto Princesa, Mt. Pulgar, March 1911. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Bulidnon. Primary forests, 300-800m.

Pouteria Aubl. [Cultivated]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2014

Photos
  1. Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni, Candollea 9 (1942) 398.
  2. Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) H.E.Moore & Stearn, Taxon 16 (1967) 383; --Calocarpum sapota (Jacq.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284; --Sideroxylon sapota Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 1. Introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish colonial times from Mexico. Occasionally planted in Luzon.

Sarcosperma Hook.f.

No photos
  1. Sarcosperma paniculatum (King) Stapf & King, Icon. Pl. 7 (1901) t. 2690; --HJ Lam, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1948) 32, Fig. 1. --Apoia macrocarpa (Elmer) Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 605; --EPFP 3 (1923) 270; --Discocalyx macrocarpa Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2781. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, S Sulawesi, Ternate, Flores, E New Guinea. MINDANAO.

Sersalisia R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2013

No Photos
  1. Sersalisia luzoniensis (Merr.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 766; --Pouteria luzoniensis (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 365; --Herrman-Erlee & van Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 461; --Lucuma luzoniensis (Merr.) HJ Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 227; --Fontbrunea luzoniensis (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia 3 (1962) 333; --Sideroxylon luzoniense Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 222; EPFP 3 (1923) 286; 4 (1925) 246; --Type: Foxworthy 127 (lecto K; isolecto US), Luzon, Rizal,  January 1906. Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea.

Xantolis Raf.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016

No Photos
  1. Xantolis parvifolia (A.DC.) Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 221; --Sideroxylon parvifolium (A.DC.) Fern.-Villar, Novis. App., --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, Batangas. Low elevation forests.

Literature

Armstrong, KE. 2013. A revision of the Asian-Pacific species of Manilkara (Sapotaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70: 7-56.

Assem, J. van den. 1953. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. IV. Ganua. Blumea 7: 364-400

Assem, J. van den & A.J.G.H. Kostermans. 1954. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. IVa. Ganua Pierre ex Dubard (Additional notes). Blumea 7: 481-483

Bruggen, AC van. 1958. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. XV. Payena A de Candolle. Blumea 9: 89-138

Herrmann-Erlee, MPM & P. van Royen, 1957. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. IX. Pouteria Aublet, Blumea 8: 452-509

Lam, HJ. 1925. The Sapotaceae, Sarcospermaceae and Boerlagellaceae of the Dutch East Indies and surrounding countries. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique du Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 7: 1- 289.

Lam, HJ. 1948. Sarcospermaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 32-34, Fig. 1.

Lam, HJ. 1927. Further studies on Malayan Sapotaceae I. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique du Buitenzorg sér. 3, 8: xxx--xxx.

Lam, HJ. 1957. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. IVb. Ganua Pierre ex Dubard (2nd Supplement). Blumea 8: 510-513


Mackinder, B, DJ Harris & L Gautier. 2016. A reinstatement, recircumscription and revision of the genus Donella (Sapotaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 73: 297-339.

Royen, P van. 1953. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. V. Manilkara. Blumea 7: 401-412

Royen, P van. 1957. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. VI. Xantolis Rafinisque, Blumea 8: 207-234

Royen, P. van. 1957. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. VII. Planchonella Pierre, Blumea 8: 235-445


Royen, P. van. 1958. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. XIV. Diploknema Pierre, Blumea 9: 75-88

Royen, P. van. 1960. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. XX. Madhuca Gmelin. Blumea 10: 1-117

Royen, P. van. 1960. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. XXIII. Palaquium Blanco. Blumea 10: 432-606

Swenson, U, S Nylinder & J Munzinger. 2013. Towards a natural classification of Sapotaceae subfamily Chrysophylloideae in Oceania and Southeast Asia based on nuclear sequence data. Taxon 62: 746-770.

Vink, W. 1958. Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. XIII. Chrysophyllum L., Blumea 9: 21-74


Vink, W. 2002. Some Malesian species of Pouteria (Sapotaceae). Blumea 47: 95-147

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Last updated 1 May 2017