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Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus Desf.

Photos
  1. Ailanthus integrifolia Lam., Dict. 3, 2 (1792) 417; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 218, Fig. 7f-g, 17a, 18a, 19 (map).
  2. Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon vi, suppl. (1931) 41; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 219, Fig. 17b-c, 18c, 20 (map). --Ailanthus philippinensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. --Hebonga mollis Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 367; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. --Hebonga obliqua Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 366; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. India (Concan; Malabar; Canara), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, throughout Malesia (except Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, the Lesser Sunda Isls, and New Guinea) to Queensland and N of New South Wales.

Brucea J.F.Mill.

Photos
  1. Brucea javanica (L.) Merr., J. Arnold Arb. 9 (1928) 3; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 211, Fig. 12 a-d, 13 (map). --Brucea amarissima (Lour.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 18; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. Sri Lanka, India (Deccan), Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, S China, Hainan, Taiwan, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, N Australia (Northern Territory & N Queensland). Introduced in Fiji and Micronesia (Ponape). Lowland open sites and light secondary forests and thickets, also on limestone. Photos
  2. Brucea mollis Wall., Cat. (1848) No. 8483; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 212, Fig. 12 e-f, 14 (map). --Brucea macrobotrys Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 19; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. --Brucea stenophylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 274; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. E Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, Philippines.  Open forests, often in damp places, altitude 0-1800m, Fl. Jan-Aug. Photos

Eurycoma Jack

Photos
  1. Eurycoma longifolia Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 (1822) 45. Photos

 Hebonga Radlk. = Ailanthus

Picrasma Blume

Photos
  1. Picrasma javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 247; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 214, Fig. 15, 16 (map). Sikkim, Assam, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls. Photos

Quassia L.

Photos
  1. Quassia amara L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 272; EPFP 2 (1923) 346; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199. Native of Brazil. Cultivated in Malesia, occasionally naturalized. Photos
  2. Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199, Fig. 3, 4 (Map); --Samadera indica Gaertn., Fruct. 2 (1791) 352, t. 156, Fig. 3; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 345. Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India (S Concan, Malabar), Andaman Isls, Myanmar (Martaban; Tenasserim), S Vietnam, throughout Malesia (except Sumatra, Java, and the Lesser Sunda Isls) to the Bismarcks and Solomon Isls. Cultivated in Java and elsewhere. Photos

Samadera Gaertn. = Quassia


Literature

Fernando, ES, PA Gadek & CJ Quinn. 1995. Simaroubaceae, an artificial construct: evidence from rbcL sequence variation. American Journal of Botany 82: 92-103.

Nooteboom, HP. 1962. Simaroubaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 193-226; 968-972. Also includes Surianaceae in the treatment.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 6 March 2017