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Stemonuraceae

Codiocarpus Howard

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018

Photos
  1. Codiocarpus merrittii (Merr.) Howard, Brittonia 5 (1943) 56; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 43; --Stemonurus merrittii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 489. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY: Antique. Lowland primary forests, under partial shade up to 200m, on clayey soil or fertile humus. Photos

Gomphandra Wall.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018

Photos
  1. Gomphandra bracteata Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 713. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Gomphandra coi Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 720. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Over limestone; lowland dipterocarp forest; streamside forest on ultramafic soil; 3050 m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Gomphandra conklinii Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 192. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Secondary forest, clay loam, 1525-1705m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Gomphandra cumingiana (Miers) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 46; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 27; --Stemonurus cumingianus Miers, Contrib. Bot. 1 (1852) 92. --Gomphandra agusanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; --Stemonurus agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2689. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, ALABAT, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao del Norte. Primary mixed dipterocarp forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  5. Gomphandra dinagatensis Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 724. Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  6. Gomphandra fernandoi Schori & Utteridge, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 715. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, DINAGAT, MINDANAO. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Gomphandra flavicarpa (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30; --Stemonurus flavicarpus Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2691. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao. Primary forests, (700-)1200-2200m. Photos
  8. Gomphandra fuliginea (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 24; --Urandra fuliginea Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 491. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Thickets, 1400-1700m. Presumed extinct.
  9. Gomphandra halconensis Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 191. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Oriental Mindoro. Primary forest and cloud forest, Mt. Halcon, on gravel/sand, 1200-1300m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  10. Gomphandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7  (1971) 31. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan). Low elevation primary forest, 200m. Known only from the type. Presumed extinct.
  11. Gomphandra luzoniensis Merr. Taiwan, Lanyu Isl, Philippines. Photos
  12. Gomphandra mappioides Valeton, Crit. Overz. Olacin. (1886) 227; --Gomphandra apoensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 29; --Stemonurus apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2690. Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, NEGROS, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Primary forests along streams, c. 900m. Found on limestone. Photos
  13. Gomphandra oblongifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 491; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 31. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines and Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao. Low elevation primary forests.
  14. Gomphandra oligantha Sleumer, Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl. 15 (1940) 238; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30. --Gomphandra pauciflora (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 491, nom. illeg., auct. non Craib; --Urandra pauciflora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 243. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Low elevation primary forests. Common in Mt. Guiting-Guiting NP. Fruit yellow. Photos
  15. Gomphandra psilandra Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 721. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Low elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  16. Gomphandra ultramafiterrestris Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 725. Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Hamiguitan). Part of Gomphandra luzoniensis complex, leaves small and thick, male stamens 9 mm long, fruit slightly orange-beige. Fl. & fr. May. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Medusanthera Seemann

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017

Photos
  1. Medusanthera laxiflora (Miers) Howard, J. Arn. Arb. 21 (1940) 470; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 46; --Gomphandra laxiflora (Miers) Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Stemonurus laxiflorus Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2 10 (1852) 111. --Gomphandra glabra Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490. Philippines, C & SE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Obi; Kai Isls), New Guinea, Melanesia (Solomon Isls), Micronesia (Palau). LUZON: Albay, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland rainforest understorey, 0-300m. Photos

Stemonurus Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018

Photos
  1. Stemonurus gitingensis (Elmer) Sleumer, Blumea 17 (1969) 261; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 61; --Urandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1476. --Stemonurus secundiflorus auct. non Blume; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting), PANAY. Primary forests, 225-600m. Fr. Mar-Apr. Photos
  2. Stemonurus umbellatus Becc., Malesia 1 (1877) 115; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 62. --Stemonurus hallieri (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; --Urandra hallieri Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 194. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah; Sarawak), S Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Surigao. Low elevation primary forests in Mindanao.

Urandra Thwaites = Stemonurus, Gomphandra


Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Schori, M. 2010. A systematic revision of Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae). Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio University, Athens OH, USA

Schori, M & TMA Utteridge. 2010. Three new species and a new name in Southeast Asian Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae / Icacinaceae s.l.). Blumea 55: 189-195

Schori, M & TMA Utteridge. 2012. Six new species and a new subspecies of Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae) from the Philippines. Kew Bull. 67: 713-729.

Sleumer, H. 1971. Icacinaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 1-87

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 3 June 2018