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Stemonuraceae

Edited by Melanie Schori, 23 January 2013

Codiocarpus Howard

Photos
  1. Codiocarpus merrittii (Merr.) Howard, Brittonia 5 (1943) 56, f. 2, 3 e-f (wood anat.); --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 43, Fig. 14, 15 (map); --Stemonurus merrittii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 489; --Type: MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY: Antique. Lowland primary forests, under partial shade up to 200m, on clayey soil or fertile humus. Photos

Gomphandra Wall.

Photos
  1. Gomphandra bracteata Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 713. PALAWAN.
  2. Gomphandra coi Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 720. LUZON. Over limestone; lowland dipterocarp forest; streamside forest on ultramafic soil; 30–50 m. Photos
  3. Gomphandra conklinii Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 192. LUZON: Ifugao. Secondary forest, clay loam, 1525-1705m.
  4. Gomphandra cumingiana (Miers) Fern.-Villar, Novis. App. (1880) 46; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 27; --Stemonurus cumingianus Miers, Contrib. Bot. 1 (1851-62)  92. --Gomphandra agusanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; --Stemonurus agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2689; --Type: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, ALABAT, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta), Surigao del Norte. Primary mixed dipterocarp forests at low and medium altitudes. Photos
  5. Gomphandra dinagatensis Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 724. DINAGAT.
  6. Gomphandra fernandoi Schori & Utteridge, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 715. BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, DINAGAT, MINDANAO. Photos
  7. Gomphandra flavicarpa (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30; --Stemonurus flavicarpus Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2691. MINDANAO: Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao. Primary forests, (700-) 1200-2200m. Photos
  8. Gomphandra fuliginea (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 24; --Urandra fuliginea Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 491. LUZON: Benguet. Thickets, altitude 1400-1700m. Presumed extinct.
  9. Gomphandra halconensis Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 191. MINDORO: Oriental Mindoro. Primary forest and cloud forest, Mt. Halcon, on gravel/sand, 1200-1300m.
  10. Gomphandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7  (1971) 31. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan). Low altitude primary forest, altitude 200m. Known only from the type. Presumed extinct.
  11. Gomphandra luzoniensis Merr. Photos
  12. Gomphandra mappioides Valeton, Crit. Overz. Olacin. (1886) 227; --Gomphandra apoensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 29; --Type: LUZON: Sorsogon, NEGROS, BOHOL, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Davao. Primary forests along streams, altitude c. 900m. Found on limestone. Photos
  13. Gomphandra oblongifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 491; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 31. LUZON: Camarines and Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Dinagat Island, Davao. Low altitude primary forests.
  14. Gomphandra oligantha Sleum., Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl. 15 (1940) 238; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30. --Gomphandra pauciflora (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 491, non Craib, 1914; --Urandra pauciflora Merr., PJS   3 c (1908) Bot. 243. MINDORO, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Low altitude primary forests.  Common in Mt. Guiting-Guiting NP. Fruit yellow. Photos
  15. Gomphandra psilandra Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 721. LUZON: Quezon. Low altitude primary forests. Photos
  16. Gomphandra ultramafiterrestris Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 725. DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Hamiguitan). Part of G. luzoniensis complex, leaves small and thick, male stamens 9 mm long.  Flowers and fruit in May, fruit slightly orange-beige. Photos

Medusanthera Seemann

Photos
  1. Medusanthera laxiflora (Miers) Howard, J. Arn. Arb. 21 (1940) 470; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 46, Fig. 19, 20 (map); --Gomphandra laxiflora (Miers) Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; --Stemonurus laxiflorus Miers, Contrib. Bot. 1 (1851-61) 98, t. 16. --Gomphandra glabra Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490. Philippines, C & SE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera; Obi; Kai Isls), New Guinea, Melanesia (Solomon Isls), Micronesia (Palau). LUZON: Albay, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland rainforest understorey, 0-300m. Photos

Stemonurus Blume

Photos
  1. Stemonurus gitingensis (Elmer) Sleum., Blumea 17 (1969) 261; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 61; --Urandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1476. --Stemonurus secundiflorus Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489, non Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 649. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting), PANAY. Primary forests, 225-600m. Fr. Mar-Apr. Photos
  2. Stemonurus umbellatus Becc., Malesia 1 (1877) 115, t. 5, Fig. 5 & 6; --Sleum., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7   (1971) 62, Fig. 30. --Stemonurus hallieri (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; --Urandra hallieri Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 194. Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sabah; Sarawak), S Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Surigao. Low altitude primary forests in Mindanao.

Urandra Thwaites = Stemonurus, Gomphandra


Literature

Schori, M. 2010. A systematic revision of Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae). Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio University, Athens OH, USA

Schori, M & TMA Utteridge. 2010. Three new species and a new name in Southeast Asian Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae / Icacinaceae s.l.). Blumea 55: 189-195

Schori, M & TMA Utteridge. 2012. Six new species and a new subspecies of Gomphandra (Stemonuraceae) from the Philippines. Kew Bull. 67: 713-729.

Sleumer, H. 1971. Icacinaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 1-87

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Last updated June 3, 2014