banner small

Sterculiaceae

Alternative classification: Malvaceae s.l. - subfam. Sterculioideae

Firmiana Marsili

Photos
  1. Firmiana philippinensis Kosterm., Reinwardtia 4 (1957) 298, fig. 7; --Type: BS 29858 Fenix (BO). --Firmiana simplex (non  WF Wight) Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 56. LUZON: Pangasinan (Mt San Isidro).

Heritiera Aiton (corr. Kostermans, 1960)

Photos
  1. Heritiera javanica (Blume) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 4 (1959) 521, fig. 21, 22; --Tarrietia javanica Blume, Bijdr. 5e (1825) 227; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 57; --Type from Java. Indochina, Sulawesi, Philippines: MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Lanao, Cotabato, Davao, BASILAN. Common in primary forests at low and medium altitudes.
  2. Heritiera littoralis Dryand. in Aiton, Hort. Kew 3 (1789) 546; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 58. Tropical Africa to India through Malesia eastward to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines. Common constituent of coastal forests and mangroves. Photos
  3. Heritiera sylvatica Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 66; --Kosterm., Reinwardtia 4 (1959) 509, fig. 16, 30a; --Tarrietia sylvatica (Vidal) Merr., Philipp. Bur. For. Bull. (1903) 38; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 57. Philippines, Sulawesi.  LUZON (Cagayan to Albay), MINDORO, MASBATE, PANAY, SAMAR. In dry primary forests at low and medium elevation.

Hildegardia Schott & Endl.

No Photos
  1. Hildegardia merrittii (Merr.) Kosterm.; --Firmiana merrittii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 314; EPFP 3 (1923) 56. MINDORO. Forests at low elevation.

Pterocymbium R.Br.

Photos
  1. Pterocymbium tinctorium (Blanco) Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab., Manila, Publ. No 27 (1905) 24; EPFP 3 (1923) 57; --Kosterm., Reinwardtia 1 (1950) 43. --Pterocymbium macrocrater Warb., in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 117; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 57. Myanmar, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo (Sabah), Sulawesi, Philippines: BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON (widespread from at least Cagayan to Camarines Sur), PALAWAN, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. In secondary or thin primary forests at low and medium altitudes. Photos

 Pterygota Schott & Endl.

  1. Pterygota horsfieldii (R Br.) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 2 (1953) 365. --Sterculia blancoi Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 308; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 52. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Rizal, MINDORO, TICAO, MASBATE. Forests at low elevation. (as S. blancoi)

Sterculia L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 May 2015

Photos
  1. Sterculia ceramica R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 233; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 53; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 48. --Sterculia glabrifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 283; EPFP 3 (1923) 54. --Sterculia luzonica Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 115; --Merr., Fl, Manila (1912) 327. Lanyu, Philippines, Borneo (Sabah), Sulawesi, Moluccas. BATAN ISLS, LUZON (Widespread, esp. along W part), MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PALAWAN, GUIMARAS, MINDANAO (widespread), SULU. Coastal thickets and forests on sandy clay or coralline limestone, usually immediately back of the beach, 0-100m. Photos
  2. Sterculia comosa Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1831) 2, t. 127; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 56. --Sterculia philippinensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. 17 (1904) 29; -- EPFP 3 (1923) 55. --Sterculia ramosii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 195; EPFP 3 (1923) 56. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Laguna, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PALAWAN, GUIMARAS, SAMAR,  Forests up to 700m.
  3. Sterculia cordata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 83; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 63.
  4. Sterculia cuspidata R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 233; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 126. --Sterculia graciliflora Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 114; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 54; --Type: Merrill 1177 (US), Mindoro: Baco. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan), Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, BILIRAN, BUCAS GRANDE, MINDANAO. Thickets and forests at low elevation.
  5. Sterculia foetida L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1008; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 53; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 44. Tropical E Africa to India through Malesia to NE Australia. N LUZON (Cagayan) to PALAWAN and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. Deciduous tree in semi-open forests, especially in very seasonal areas, particularly common along the sea coast on coralline limestone and sandstone. Ascending to 1000m. Photos
  6. Sterculia macrophylla Vent., Jard. Malmaison 2 (1804) sub t. 91 in note; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 68. --Sterculia crassiramea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 28; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 53. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Benguet, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO. Deciduous tree in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  7. Sterculia mindorensis Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 105; --Type: PNH 18812 Conklin (L, holotype), Mindoro: Mindoro Mindoro Oriental (Mansalay, Mt Yagaw, known only from the type collection). Dry forest, 400m. Flowering in September.
  8. Sterculia oblongata R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 232; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 150; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 55. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Sumbawa, Flores). BATAN, BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon), MINDORO, BUSUANGA, CULION, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao. Secondary and primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  9. Sterculia rubiginosa Vent., Jard. Malmaison 2 (1804) sub t. 91 in nota; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 79. --Sterculia brevipetiolata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 40; EPFP 3 (1923) 53. --Sterculia cuneata R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 232;  --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 53. --Sterculia ferruginea R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 232; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 54. --Sterculia humilis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 681; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 54. --Sterculia obovata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. 29 (1905) 28; EPFP 3 (1923) 55. --Sterculia stipularis R Br., in Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1844) 232; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 56. Photos
  10. Sterculia stipulata Korth., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1848) 306; --Tantra, Lemb. Pen. Hut. Comm. (1976) 102, t. 88. Photos

Verify status

  1. Sterculia spatulata Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 116; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 56; --Type: Warburg 14914, Jolo. DUMARAN, JOLO. Forested dry slopes at low altitudes.

Tarrietia Blume = Heritiera


Acknowledgements

Michael Calaramo kindly contributed some of the photos of this webpage.


Literature

Kochummen, KM. 1972. Sterculiaceae. Tree Flora of Malaya 2: 353-382.

Kostermans, AJGH. 1950. Notes on Pterocymbium R Br. (Sterculiaceae). Reinwardtia 1: 41-49.

Kostermans, AJGH. 1957. The genus Firmiana Marsili (Sterculiaceae). Reinwardtia 4: 281-310.

Tantra, IGM. 1976. A revision of the genus Sterculia L. in Malesia. Pengumuman No. 102. Lembaga Penelitian Hutan, 1-192, Bogor.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 30 June 2017