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Symplocaceae

Cordyloblaste Hensch. ex Moritzi = Symplocos

Cordyloblaste Hensch. ex Moritzi

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018

Photos
  1. Cordyloblaste pendula (Wight) Alston in Trimen, Hand-Book Fl. Ceylon vi. Suppl. (1931) 188; --Symplocos pendula Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4(1) (1848) 11; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 214. --Symplocos pendula var. hirtistylis (C.B.Clarke) Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 42; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 215; --Symplocos henschelii var. hirtistylis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 3(9) (1882) 588. --Symplocos confusa Brand in Engl., Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 88; --Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 3; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 297. --Symplocos foxworthyi Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 3; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 299. China, Taiwan, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India, Vietnam, Philippines. Primary and secondary montane and high montane mossy forests, often common on ridges. Photos

Symplocos Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018

Photos
  1. Symplocos adenophylla Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1837) 3; --Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 7; --Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 298; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 121; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 239. --Symplocos adenophylla Wall. var. merrittii Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 7; EPFP 3 (1923) 297. --Symplocos palawanensis Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 10; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 301. --Symplocos brandii Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1477. China, Hainan, Indochina, Thailand, throughout Malesia except Java (but found in Bawean Isl), Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea. Photos
  2. Symplocos celastrifolia Griff. ex C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. Ind. 3 (1882) 575; --Merr., Univ. of Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 248; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 138; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 245. --Symplocos hutchinsonii Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 109; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 299. --Symplocos peninsularis Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 110. Peninsular Thailand and throughout Malesia except Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, N Sulawesi, Moluccas.
  3. Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.Moore, J. Bot. 5 (1914) 148; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 141; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 245; --Dicalyx cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1 (1790) 663. Photos
  4. Symplocos fasciculata Zoll., Syst. Verz. 2 (1854) 136; --Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 248; --Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya (1940) 622; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 205; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 191; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 259. --Symplocos phanerophlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 301. Extreme S Peninsular Thailand, throughout Malesia except the Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea.
  5. Symplocos filipes Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 193; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 260. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon).
  6. Symplocos glabriramifera Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 193; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 260. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya. Montane forests, 1900m. Fl. Feb, May.
  7. Symplocos lancifolia Sieb. & Zucc., Fam. Nat. 2 (1846) 133; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 214; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 263. --Symplocos montana S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 179, nom. illeg., auct. non Brongn. & Gris. --Symplocos betula Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 8; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 297; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 133. --Symplocos depauperata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 45; --Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 10. --Symplocos depauperata Brand var. angustissima Brand, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 36. --Symplocos depauperata Brand var. sordida Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 10. --Symplocos merrilliana Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 110; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 299. --Symplocos inconspicua Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 110; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 299. --Symplocos luzonensis Rolfe, J. Bot. 24 (1886) 348; --Brand, Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 61; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 9; PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 35; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 300. --Symplocos zamboangensis Brand, Fedde Repert. 14 (1916) 325; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 303. N India, Indochina, China, Hong Kong, Hainan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. In a variety of habitats, also in dense mossy forests at higher elevation, 400-2500m. Fl. Dec-Apr; fr. May-Dec. Photos
  8. Symplocos lucida (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc., Fl. Jap. 1 (1835) 55; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 217; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 264; --Laurus lucida Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 174. --Symplocos theaefolia D.Don, Fl. Nepal. (1825) 145; --Brand, Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 66, as ‘theifolia’; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 205. --Symplocos laeviramulosa Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2323; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 300. --Symplocos loheri Brand, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 32; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 300. N India, N Myanmar, N Thailand, Indochina, China, Hong Kong, Hainan, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, throughout Malesia except Borneo, the Moluccas, New Guinea.
  9. Symplocos obovatifolia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 290; EPFP 3 (1923) 300; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 242; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 266. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (Mt Umingan). Hill rainforest. Fr. Aug-Sep.
  10. Symplocos odoratissima (Blume) Choisy ex Zoll., Syst. Verz. 2 (1854) 136; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 245; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 266; --Dicalyx odoratissimus Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 1116. --Symplocos acuminatissima Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 296. --Symplocos apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2319; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 297. --Symplocos bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3792, nom. inval., no Latin descr. --Symplocos dagamiensis Brand, Fedde Repert. 14 (1916) 324; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 298. --Symplocos floridissima Brand in Engl., Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 35; --Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 5; PJS 7 (1912) Bot. 32; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 298. --Symplocos floridissima Brand var. serrata Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 108. --Symplocos megabotrys Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 300, as ‘megalobotrys’. --Symplocos patens C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1830) 61; --Brand, Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 34; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 301. --Symplocos patens C.Presl forma ciliata (C.Presl) Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot 4; --Symplocos ciliata C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1831) 61; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 127. --Symplocos patens C.Presl forma elmeri (Brand) Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 4; --Symplocos elmeri Brand in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 36. --Symplocos spicata auct. non Roxb.; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 127; --S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) t. 64. --Symplocos villarii S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 178. --Symplocos pseudospicata S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 179. --Symplocos pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1841; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 302. --Symplocos salix Brand, Fedde Repert. 14 (1916) 325; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 302. --Symplocos villarii S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 178; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 302. --Symplocos verdifolia Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3793, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Photos
  11. Symplocos ophirensis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. Ind. 3 (1882) 579; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 267.
  12. Symplocos polyandra (Blanco) Brand in Engl., Pflanzenreich Heft. 6 (1901) 436, quoad syn. Blanco, excl. descr. et strip.; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 301; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 264; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 269; --Guettarda polyandra Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 500; Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1879) 126. --Baranda angatensis Llanos, Mem. Acad. Cienc. Madrid 3, 2 (1857) 502. --Symplocos oblongifolia Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 214; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 124; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 178; --Brand, Pflanzenreich 6 (1901) 55; --Carlea oblongifolia C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 216. Borneo and adjacent islands (Natuna, Banka, Billiton, Karimata, St Barbe), Philippines, SW Sulawesi. Lowland to montane primary or secondary forests, up to 1100m. Photos
  13. Symplocos trisepala Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 291; EPFP 3 (1923) 302; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 289; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 272. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (Mt Umingan). Montane forest, at least 400m. Fl. Aug-Sep. Known only from the type.
  14. Symplocos verticillifolia Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 290; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 272. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Mt Cansayao. Lowland dipterocarp forest, 200m. Fr. Apr.
  15. Symplocos vidalii Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1912) 290; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 302; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 290; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 272. --Symplocos cagayanensis Brand, PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 35; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 297. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Rizal. Lowland and medium elevation primary rainforests. Fl. Feb; fr. Apr.
  16. Symplocos whitfordii Brand, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 4; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 302; --Noot., Leiden Bot. Ser. 1 (1975) 292; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 273. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulag), NEGROS. Montane rainforest, also in mossy forest, 1600-2450m. Fl. Jan-Apr; fr. Feb, May.

Dubious species:

  1. Symplocos imperialis Brand, PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 109; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 299; --Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 274; --Type: BS 4133 Fenix (US, iso), Camiguin de Babuyanes, Jun/Jul-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN. Possibly Symplocos adenophylla?

Literature

Fritsch, PW, LM Kelly, Y Wang, F Almeda, R Kriebel. 2008. Revised infrafamilial classification of Symplocaceae based on phylogenetic data from DNA sequences and morphology. Taxon 57: 823-852.

Nooteboom, HP. 1977. Symplocaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 205-274.


Nooteboom, HP. 2005. Symplocaceae of the Old World: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval. Version: 24 april 2006. http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 3 June 2018