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Verbenaceae

Citharexylum L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2012

Photos
  1. Citharexylum spinosum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 625. Native of America. Grown in the Philippines for ornamental purposes. Photos

Congea Roxb. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Congea velutina Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4 (1850) t. 1479-3.  India, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia to Java. An introduced ornamental in the Philippines. Photos

Duranta L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Duranta erecta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 637. --Duranta repens L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 637; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 399; EPFP 3 (1923) 381. Native of tropical America. Widely grown in the Philippines for ornamental purposes. Apparently not spontaneous. Photos

Lantana L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2017

Photos
  1. Lantana camara L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 627; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 380; --YP Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 420. Probably native to the West Indies, now widely distributed in the world’s tropics and subtropics. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos

Lippia L. = Phyla

Petrea L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Petrea volubilis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 626; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 400; EPFP 3 (1923) 381. Native of tropical America. Cultivated in the Philippines for ornamental purposes but nowhere spontaneous. Photos

Phyla L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

Photos
  1. Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, Pittonia 4 (1899) 46; --YP Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 421, Photo 252; --Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 2 (1803) 15; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 381; --Verbena nodiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 20. Widely distributed in the warmer regions of the World.

Stachytarpheta Vahl [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 August 2014

Photos
  1. Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1 (1804) 208; --Verbena cayennensis Rich., Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1 (1792) 105. Native to the Americas, introduced in the Philippines. Photos
  2. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, Enum. 1 (1804) 206; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 399; EPFP 3 (1923) 381; --YP Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 424; --Verbena jamaicensis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 19. --Stachytarpheta indica non (L.) Vahl. Probably a native of tropical America. Widely distributed in the warmer regions of the world. Photos

Verbena L. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

Photos
  1. Verbena officinalis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 627; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 380; --YP Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 425. Widely distributed in the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. Introduced to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya. Weedy in open waste places in and about towns to an elevation of c. 800m.

Literature

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Chandler, GT, JO Westaway & BJ Conn. 2014. Taxonomic uncertainty of Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) in the Asia-Pacific and implications for invasive weed recognition and management. Telopea 16: 83-88, 93

De Kok, RPJ & DJ Mabberley. 1999. The genus Faradaya Muell. F. (Labiatae). Blumea 44: 321-342.

Kochummen, KM. 1978. Verbenaceae. Tree Flora of Malaya 3: 297-313.

Kostermans, AJGH. 1951. Reinwardtia 1: 75-106.

Lam, HJ & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1921. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique du Buitenzorg ser. 3, 3: 1-116.

O'Leary, N & ME Múlgura. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the genus Phyla (Verbenaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 98: 578-596


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Last updated 6 July 2017