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Viscaceae

Bifaria Tieghem = Korthalsella

Ginalloa Korthals

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 March 2018

Photos
  1. Ginalloa angustifolia (Merr.) Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 132; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 413; --Ginalloa cumingiana (C.Presl) Fern.-Vill. var. angustifolia Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 153; --Type: BS 1139 Banks, Negros. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photo-documented by Pelser & Barcelona). Photos
  2. Ginalloa arnottiana Korth., Verh. Bat. Genootsch. 17 (1839) 260; --Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 130; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 414; --Type: from Kalimantan, Borneo. --Ginalloa cumingiana (C.Presl) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 185. --Ginalloa lanceolata C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 200. Lombok, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Solomon Isls. Primary and secondary humid forests and disturbed sites, 0-2100m. Recorded hosts: Citrus, Mallotus, Mitrephora, Parinari, Schima, Shorea & Syzygium. Photos
  3. Ginalloa siamica Craib, Kew Bull. (1911) 455; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 16 (1938) 47; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 417; --Type: from Thailand. --Ginalloa ovata Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 133; --Type: FB 30844 Oro, Luzon. Thailand, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. 400-1080m. Only recorded host: Shorea (Pentacme).

Korthalsella Tieghem

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Korthalsella japonica (Thunb.) Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. (1897) 138; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 421; --Viscum japonicum Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2 (1794) 329; --Type: from Japan. --Korthalsella opuntia (Thunb.) Merr., Bot. Mag. Tokyo 30 (1916) 68, comb. illeg.; --Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 134; --Bifaria opuntia (Thunb.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 113; --Viscum opuntia Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 64, nom. superfl. Japan southwards to Australia, westwards to India and Indian Ocean islands, and possibly eastwards to Pacific islands; recorded sporadically, possibly more widespread and continuous but overlooked due to the small size of the plants;  Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines. Mossy forests and ericoid brushwood, 1400-2700m. Recorded hosts: Diplycosia, Eurya, Rhododendron, Symplocos, Ternstroemia, Vaccinium. Photos
  2. Korthalsella c.f. papuana Danser, Blumea 3 (1938) 53. LUZON. The photos by L.L.Co suggest Korthalsella papuana, however, this species typically has obovate internodes that are tapering at the base. This mistletoe has broad internode bases, so it may be a new species. Photos

Notothixos Oliver

Photos
  1. Notothixos floccosus (Thwaites) Oliv. ex Hook.f, Fl. Brit. India 5 (1885) 227; --Barlow, Brunonia 6 (1983) 19; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 428; --Viscum floccosum Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 418; --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Notothixos curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 152; --Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 136; --Type: FB 12402 Merritt & Curran, Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Limay. Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea. 0-1600m. Recorded hosts: Elaeocarpus, Gironniera.
  2. Notothixos leiophyllus K.Schum. in K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Deutsch. Sudsee (1905) 260; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 11 (1931) 456; PJS 58 (1935) 138; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 428; --Type: from New Britain. --Notothixos philippense Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 471; --Type: Elmer 10114, Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos de Negros Mtns. Philippines southwards to Flores and eastwards to New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sta Cruz, NE Queensland. Primary and secondary summit forests and cultivated lands, from 0-1200m. Recorded hosts: Aegle, Citrus, Decaisnina, Dendrophthoe, Elaeocarpus, Gironniera, Haplolobus, Macaranga, Pangium, Pometia, Prunus. Photos
  3. Notothixos sulphureus Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 152; --Danser, PJS 58 (1935) 137; --Barlow, Brunonia 6 (1983) 22; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 431; --Type: FB 9132 Whitford & Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga. Borneo, S Philippines, Sulawesi. 0-1220m. No hosts recorded.

Viscum L.

Photos
  1. Viscum articulatum Burm., Fl. Ind. (1768) 311; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 113; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 11 (1931) 460; PJS 58 (1935) 141; Blumea 4 (1941) 280; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 433; --Type: from Java. --Viscum angulatum Heyne ex DC., Prodr. 4 (1830) 283; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 113. E India eastwards to Vietnam, across Malesia and southwards to E Australia. Open or closed forests, 0-1500m. Usually parasitic on Loranthaceae and other Viscaceae. Photos
  2. Viscum loranthi Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3089; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 113; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 11 (1931) 464; PJS 58 (1935) 142; Blumea 4 (1941) 295; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 437; --Type: Elmer 17777, Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling. Himalayas eastwards to S China. Sumatra, Philippines. Uplands, usually 900-1800m, rarely to 2650m. Recorded hosts are three closely related genera of Loranthaceae (Dendrophthoe, Scurrula, Taxillus).
  3. Viscum ovalifolium DC., Prodr. 4 (1830) 278; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 16 (1938) 460; --Barlow, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 13 (1997) 439; --Type: from Penang, Malaysia. --Viscum orientale auct. non Willd.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 113; --Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 11 (1931) 466; PJS 58 (1935) 139. Myanmar eastwards to Hong Kong; across Malesia; southwards to N Queensland. Mostly in the lowlands from 0-500m; less frequently to 1400m, in mangroves and open and closed forests; recorded commonly on Ficus, but also on many other hosts. Photos

Literature

Barlow, BA. 1997. Viscaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 13: 403-442

Danser, BH. 1935. Revision of the Philippine Loranthaceae. Philippine Journal of Science 58: 128-151.

Acknowledgements

Melanie Schori kindly provided some of the photographs on this webpage.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 31 March 2018