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Vitaceae

Including Leeaceae 

Justification exists for maintaining Leeaceae as a separate family

Ampelocissus Planch.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Ampelocissus botryostachys Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 413; --Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 126; EPFP 3 (1923) 2; --Type: Cuming 820, Luzon: Quezon prov., vicinity of Mt Banahaw. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Laguna (Liliw; Paete; San Antonio), PANAY. Low elevation damp primary forests. Photos
  2. Ampelocissus dolichobotrys Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 164. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  3. Ampelocissus madulidii Latiff, Blumea 33 (1988) 505; --Type: PNH 118367 Madulid et al. (L, holo; PNH, iso), Samar: Eastern Samar prov., Balangiga, Bo. Sta. Rita. May-1971. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR: Eastern Samar. 300m. Photos
  4. Ampelocissus martini Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 373; --Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 126; EPFP 3 (1923) 2. Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas (Balayan), BANTON, SEMIRARA, CULION, CORON, PALAWAN, APULIT (in Taytay Bay), CUYO, GUIMARAS. Low elevation thickets.
  5. Ampelocissus multifoliola Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 127; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 2; --Type: BS 16539 Ramos, Luzon: Laguna prov., Dahican, in damp forest, 14-Sep-1912. LUZON: Laguna, CATANDUANES. Low elevation damp primary forests. Photos
  6. Ampelocissus ochracea (Teijsm. & Binn.) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 125; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 2; --Cissus ochracea Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 27 (1864) 35. Photos
  7. Ampelocissus pauciflora Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 126; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 3. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union (San Fernando), Zambales (Baquilin River), Bataan (Lamao River), GOLO, CORON, PALAWAN (Taytay), CALUSA, CUYO, PANAY. Dry thickets along the seashore.
  8. Ampelocissus sinuosa (Merr.) J.Wen, & Boggan, PJS 142 (2013) 230; --Pterisanthes sinuosa Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: Clemens 647. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao. Thickets or forests, c. 750m. Photos
  9. Ampelocissus trichoclada Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 165. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO.

Ampelopsis Michx.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Momiy., Bull. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo 2 (1971) 7; --Vitis glandulosa Wall., Fl. Ind., ed. 1820 2 (1824) 479. S China, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. BATAN to MINDANAO and PALAWAN. In thickets chiefly at medium elevation, ascending to 2000m in the Cordillera Highlands.
  2. Ampelopsis humulifolia Bunge, Enum. Pl. Chin. Bor. (1833) 12; --Ampelopsis heterophylla var. humulifolia (Bunge) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 5. China, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Lepanto, Nueva Vizcaya (Bagabag). Medium elevation thickets. Note by Pelser (28-Aug-14): not listed for the Philippines by Wen et al. 2013.

Causonis Raf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Causonis corniculata (Benth.) J.Wen & L.M.Lu, PJS 142 (2013) 234; --Cayratia corniculata (Benth.) Gagnep. Not. Syst. 1 (1911) 347; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 45; --Columella corniculata (Benth.) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 133; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 8; --Vitis corniculata Benth., Fl. Hongkong. (1861) 54. S China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Primary forests along streams, etc., 100-800m.
  2. Causonis japonica (Thunb.) Raf., Med. Fl. 2 (1830) 122; --Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep., Not. Syst. 1 (1911) 349; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 89; --Vitis japonica Thunb., Syst. Veg. (ed. 14) (1784) 244, non Vitis japonica Willd. --Cayratia tenuifolia (Heyne) Gagnep., Not. Syst. 1 (1911) 348; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella tenuifolia (Heyne) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 134; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 9; --Vitis tenuifolia (Heyne) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 129; --Cissus tenuifolia Heyne in Wall. Cat. (1831) no. 6022. India to Australia, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Isabela, BASILAN, MINDANAO, COMIRAN. Lowland thickets and forests.
  3. Causonis pterita (Merr.) J.Wen & L.M.Lu, PJS 142 (2013) 235; --Cayratia pterita (Merr.) Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella pterita Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 135; EPFP 3 (1923) 9; --Type: Merrill 5388. Borneo, Philippines. PANAY, SULU ARCHIPELAGO (UBIAN). Thickets along and near the seashore.
  4. Causonis trifolia (L.) Raf., Med. Fl. 2 (1830) 122; --Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin., Biblioth. Bot. 89 (1927) 370; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 47; --Columella trifolia (L.) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 134; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 9; --Cissus trifolia (L.) K.Schum., Fl. Kaiser Wilhelmsl. (1889) 71; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 311; --Vitis trifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 293. --Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin. var. cinerea (Lam.) Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 47; --Columella trifolia (L.) Merr. var. cinerea (Lam.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 10; --Cissus cinerea Lam., Tab. Encycl. 1 (1791) 332. India to S China, across Malesia to the Moluccas, Caroline Isls. Throughout the Philippines. Lowland thickets. Photos

Cayratia Juss.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 August 2014

Photos
  1. Cayratia apoensis (Elmer) Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 45; --Columella apoensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 8; --Cissus apoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2880; --Type: Elmer 11696. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Forests, c. 1200m.
  2. Cayratia coi J.Wen & Boggan, PJS 142 (2013) 233; --Type: Madulid 6784 (US, holo; F, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur Prov., Mt. Isarog, 29-Apr-1987. --Columella irosinensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1944) 136: 3799, nom. inval.; --Cayratia irosinensis (Elmer) Galet, Recherch. Meth. Identif. & Classif. Vitac. 2 (1967) 372, nom. illeg. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Sorsogon.
  3. Cayratia geniculata (Blume) Gagnep., Not. Syst. 1 (1911) 345; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella geniculata (Blume) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 132; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 8; --Vitis geniculata (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1863) 81; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 49; --Cissus geniculata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 184; --Type: from Java. --Cissus rubescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 71. --Cayratia geniculata var. sarcocarpa (Merr.) Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella geniculata var. sarcocarpa Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 133; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 8. India, Sikkim, Bhutan, Hainan, Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas (Ambon). LUZON: Bataan, Ifugao, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, BUSUANGA, BANCALAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Forests, up to 800m.
  4. Cayratia mollissima (Wall.) Gagnep., Not. Syst. 1 (1911) 345; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella mollissima (Wall.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 8; --Vitis mollissima Wall., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2 (1832) 482. Indo-China and Malesia. LUZON: Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Laguna, Quezon, PANAY, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and forests.
  5. Cayratia pedata (Lour.) Juss., Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 4 (1823) 136; --Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella pedata Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 85; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 9. India to Indo-China and Java. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Medium elevation forested ravines.

Cissus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Cissus adnata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 405; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 6. India to Indo-China southward to Australia. N LUZON to MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation thickets. Note by L.L.Co: Frequently misidentified as Cissus repens Lam., but can be readily distinguished from it by the rust-colored pubescence on young shoots and by its bristle-serrate leaves.
  2. Cissus aristata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 183; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 311. --Cissus simplex Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 72; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 7. India, across Malesia from Peninsular Malaysia to Australia. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, Laguna, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN, CUYO, PANAY, MINDANAO. Thickets and forest edges at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1400m.
  3. Cissus assamica (M.A.Lawson) Craib, Kew Bull. (1911) 31; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 6; --Vitis assamica M.A.Lawson, Fl. Brit. India 1(3) (1875) 648. India to Indo-China, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna to Sorsogon, PANAY. Thickets at low and medium elevation.
  4. Cissus hastata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 517; --Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 502; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 6. India, Indo-China, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, New Guinea, Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Thickets, c. 1200m.
  5. Cissus javana DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 628. --Cissus discolor Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 181; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 6. India, S China southward through Peninsular Malaysia to the Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON to PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis. Forests, 700-1500m.
  6. Cissus luzoniensis (Merr.) C.L.Li, Chinese J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 2 (1996) 49; --Cissus repens Lam. var. luzoniensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 131; EPFP 3 (1923) 7. China, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Pangasinan, Rizal, PALAWAN, PANAY, MINDANAO: Lanao. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests.
  7. Cissus nodosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Nederl. Ind. (1825) 182; --Vitis nodosa (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1863) 87. Borneo, India, Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN.
  8. Cissus oblongifolia Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 129; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 6. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Bataan, Laguna, CATANDUANES, PALAWAN, PANAY. Primary forests, 100-900m.
  9. Cissus quadrangularis L., Mant. 1 (1767) 39; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 311; EPFP 3 (1923) 7. Tropical Africa to India, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal, Batangas, NEGROS, SIQUIJOR, CEBU. Dry thickets in and about towns at low elevation. Commonly cultivated (Wen et al. 2013). Photos
  10. Cissus repens Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 31; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 311; EPFP 3 (1923) 7. India to S China, southward to Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Sorsogon, PALAWAN, BALABAC, TICAO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Low elevation thickets.

Columella Lour. = Cayratia

Leea L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

Photos
  1. Leea aculeata Blume ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1 (1824) 670; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 10; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 84; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 773; --Type: from Java. Sumatra, W Java, Borneo (SE Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi (N & SE Peninsulas), Moluccas (Talaud, Seram, Ambon), New Guinea (Irian Jaya). A rather interesting distribution pattern with the species exceedingly common in the Philippines but apparently very rare over the SW part of its range to Sumatra. Mainly secondary vegetation, particularly riverine areas from near sea-level to 1300m. Photos
  2. Leea acuminatissima Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 281; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 10; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 80; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 764. LUZON: Aurora-Sierra Madre Mtns. Primary lowland and foothill forest to 1250m. Known only from two collections. According to Ridsdale, further collections and field observations needed. It may only be a precociously flowering, 1-foliolate form of a pinnately leaved species. Photos
  3. Leea aequata L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2 (1767) 627; Mant. 1 (1767) 124; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 10; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 90; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 765. India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java (also Madura I), Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Timor, Wetar), Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak, Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi (NE & SW), Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kai). CORON, PANAY, NEGROS, BOHOL, MINDANAO. In secondary vegetation, usually at low elevation.
  4. Leea angulata Korth. ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1863) 97; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 11; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 84; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 772; --Type: from Java. Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java (incl. Bawean and Christmas I), Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores), Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi (SE & SW Peninsula), Moluccas (Sula Isls). PANAY, NEGROS, JOLO, BASILAN, MINDANAO. In Malesia recorded from secondary vegetation, particularly sandy heaths and riverine forest, up to 1500m.
  5. Leea congesta Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 318; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 11; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 80; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 765. --Leea capitata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 281; EPFP 3 (1923) 11. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Apayao, Benguet, Sierra Madre Range from Cagayan to Quezon, Camarines, POLILLO, SAMAR. Primary lowland rainforests to 500m. Photos
  6. Leea cumingii C.B.Clarke, J. Bot. 19 (1881) 166; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 11. --Leea papillosa Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 13. Photos
  7. Leea humilis Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bog. Alt. (1844) 168. Photos
  8. Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 245; EPFP 3 (1923) 11; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 95; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 779; --Staphylea indica Burm.f., Fl. Indica 75 (1768) pl. 24, f. 2. --Leea ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 282; EPFP 3 (1923) 14. Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Nicobar Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Hunan), throughout Malesia, N Australia, Solomon Isls, Sta Cruz I, New Hebrides (Espiritu Santo), Fiji (Vanua Levu, Ovalau, Viti Levu, Kandavu, Moala), ?Tonga. Photos
  9. Leea magnifolia Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 37; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 12; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 79; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 762. --Leea banahaensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 316; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 11. LUZON: Aurora, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Quezon, ALABAT, CATANDUANES, Mindoro: Mindoro Mindoro Oriental. Primary lowland and foothill forest, to 1500m, particularly along streamsides. Photos
  10. Leea manillensis Walp., Nov. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 19 Suppl. 1 (1843) 314; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 312; EPFP 3 (1923) 12. --Leea euphlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 11. --Leea javanica auct. non (Blume) Miq.; --Merr., Philip. Bur. Forestry Bull. (1903) 36. --Leea parva Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 317; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 13. --Leea parvifoliola Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 145; EPFP 3 (1923) 13. --Leea negrosensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 494; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 13. --Leea guineensis auct. non G.Don; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 92; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 777. Taiwan, Palau, Philippines. Common and widespread throughout the archipelago. Secondary regrowth vegetation, but also found in primary forest. Photos
  11. Leea philippinensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) suppl.: 89; EPFP 3 (1923) 13; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 80; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 765. --Leea philippinensis var. pauciflora (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 13. --Leea nitida Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 406; EPFP 3 (1923) 13. Lanyu, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Aurora, Zambales, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna (Mt Makiling), Mindoro: Mindoro Mindoro Oriental, Mindoro Occidental, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Davao, Surigao. Primary rainforests to 750m. Photos
  12. Leea quadrifida Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 196; EPFP 3 (1923) 14; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 80; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 762. --Leea agusanensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2881; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 10. --Leea platyphylla Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 280; EPFP 3 (1923) 14. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Laguna, BILIRAN, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan, Surigao. Primary rainforest to 1000m, often on ridges. Photos
  13. Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1 (1824) 670; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 91; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 776; --Type: from Java. India (Assam, Khasya, Bengal), Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, S Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia (incl. Penang), Singapore, Java (incl. Madura I), Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor), Borneo (SE Kalimantan, Sabah), Sulawesi, Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kai), New Guinea (Papua), N Australia, Philippines. PALAWAN. Dry monsoon forest, savannah and secondary vegetation, up to 500m.
  14. Leea unifoliata Merr., PJS 11 c (1919) 193; EPFP 3 (1923) 14; --Ridsd., Blumea (1974) 80; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 764. --Leea longipetiolata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 282; EPFP 3 (1923) 12. LUZON: Camarines, SAMAR. Lowland primary forest, particularly along streamside. Known from two collections. According to Ridsdale, further collections and field observations needed. It may only be a precociously flowering, 1-foliolate form of a pinnately leaved species, particularly Leea quadrifida.

Pterisanthes Blume = Ampelocissus

Tetrastigma Planch.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2015

Photos
  1. Tetrastigma brunneum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 84; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: Vanoverbergh 795 (L, P, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Malamey, in forests, c. 1550m, Aug-1910. Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, New Britain. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet (Pauai; Mt Sto Tomas), Bataan (Mt Mariveles), Quezon (Mt Binuang; Mt Banahaw de Lucban), Rizal (Mt Lumutan), Laguna (San Antonio), MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Forests, 800-2300m.
  2. Tetrastigma clementis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 137; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: M.S.Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Nov-1906. PANAY, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Thickets along streams, 350-800m.
  3. Tetrastigma coriaceum (DC.) Gagnep., Not. Syst. (Paris) 1 (1910) 320; --Cissus coriacea DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 632; --Type: from Timor? --Tetrastigma tuberculatum (Blume) Latiff, Folia Malaysiana 2 (2001) 186, nom. illeg. --Tetrastigma lanceolarium auct. non (Roxb.) Planch, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1887) 433, nom. illeg.; --Tetrastigma leucostaphylum auct. non (Dennst.) Alston, Taxon 26 (1977) 539. Note by Pelser (28-Aug-14): Tetrastigma lanceolarium (Roxb.) Planch. and Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alson are names that have been misappied to Tetrastigma coriaceum (Veldkamp 2008, 2009). The former is a superfluous name for the latter, which is a species from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal (Veldkamp 2008).
  4. Tetrastigma corniculatum Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 26; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: Wenzel 1240, Leyte: Tigbao, near Tacloban, May-1915. MINDORO, LEYTE. Forests at low and medium elevation.
  5. Tetrastigma dichotomum (Blume) Planch., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1887) 441; --Cissus dichotoma Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Nederl. Ind. (1825) 186; --Type: from Indonesia. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO.
  6. Tetrastigma diepenhorstii (Miq.) Latiff, Folia Malaysiana 2 (2001) 185; --Vitis diepenhorstii Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 1 (1860) 515; --Type: from Indonesia. Borneo, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Note by Pelser (28-Aug-14): This species is listed for the Philippines by Wen et al. (2013), in which Wen 8261 (US) is cited as a representative specimen. Sequences of this specimen suggest that it might be Tetrastigma loheri. Presence in the Philippines therefore needs to be confirmed.
  7. Tetrastigma ellipticum Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 138; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: Reillo Bur. Sci. 16173 (P, US, iso), Basilan, Aug/Sep-1912. BASILAN. In forests. Photos
  8. Tetrastigma everetii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 139; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: Everett FB 11217 (US, iso), Negros: Barlin, 21-Apr-1908. NEGROS. In forests, c. 90m.
  9. Tetrastigma glabratum (Blume) Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 430; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Cissus glabrata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 4 (1925) 189; --Type: from Indonesia. Borneo, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Forests at low elevation. Photos
  10. Tetrastigma harmandii Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 425; --Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 136; Fl. Manila (1912) 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 3; --Type: from Indo-China. LUZON: Benguet, Bataan, Quezon, Laguna. Forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  11. Tetrastigma littorale Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 141; EPFP 3 (1923) 4; --Type: Merrill 7215 (US, iso), Palawan: Ulugan Bay, 19-Sep-1910. PALAWAN. Forest along the seashore.
  12. Tetrastigma loheri Gagnep., Not. Syst. 1 (1910) 265; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 4; --Type: Loher 371 (P, syn; US, isosyn), Davao; Whitford 19 (NY, syn), Luzon: Bataan Prov., Mt. Mariviles, Lamao River. --Tetrastigma philippinense Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 86; --Type: RS Williams 1025 (NY 2 sheets, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Antamok, c. 1000m, 22-Oct-1904. Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte to Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests, ascending to 1400m. Often common. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province (Bauco), Benguet (Mt Pulag; Sablan), Bataan (Mt Mariveles, Lamao River; Dinalupihan), Pampanga (Arayat), Rizal (Montalban; Caytimon), Laguna (Cavinti), Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Baco River), PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao. Photos
  13. Tetrastigma magnum Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 142; EPFP 3 (1923) 4; --Type: Ramos BS 13610 (L, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Aug-1911. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO. In forests. Photos
  14. Tetrastigma mindanaense Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 279; EPFP 3 (1923) 4; --Type: Ramos & Pascasio BS 34463 (L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao, Apr-1919. MINDANAO: Surigao. Low elevation forests.
  15. Tetrastigma pachyphyllum (Hemsl.) Chun, Sunyatsenia 4 (1940) 235; --Vitis pachyphylla Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23(153) (1886) 135. --Tetrastigma strumarum (Planch.) Gagnep., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1 (1910) 267; --Tetrastigma crassipes var. strumarum Planch., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1887) 427. Annam, Cambodia, China, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON. Note by Pelser (1-Sep-15): Tetrastigma pachyphyllum has only been reported for the Philippines by Wen et al. (2013). This might have been based on the misapplication of the name T. strumarum for Philippine plants belonging to T. harmandii (Merrill 1916, 1923). Therefore, it is uncertain if Tetrastigma pachyphyllum occurs in the Philippines.
  16. Tetrastigma papillosum (Blume) Planch. in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1887) 429; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 4; --Latiff, Gard. Bull. Sing. 36 (1983) 226; --Cissus papillosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 4 (1825) 183; --Type: from Indonesia. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, NEGROS, BILIRAN, MINDANAO. Forests, 500-1200m. Photos
  17. Tetrastigma robinsonii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 142; EPFP 3 (1923) 5; --McGregor BS 10400 (US, iso), Polillo: 18-Oct-1909. --Tetrastigma merrittii Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 5. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, POLILLO, CATANDUANES. Low and medium elevation forests.
  18. Tetrastigma scariosum (Blume) Planch. in A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1887) 441; --Cissus scariosa Blume, Batav. Cour. 23-Mar-1825 (1825) 12; --Type: from Java. --Tetrastigma pisicarpum (Miq.) Planch., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1887) 441; --Vitis pisicarpa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1863) 79; --Type: from New Guinea. Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Photos
  19. Tetrastigma sepulchrei Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 88; EPFP 3 (1923) 5; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1215, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco, in forests, c. 1650m, 18-May-1911. --Tetrastigma benguetense Merr. nomen nudum?. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan. Thickets and forests, 1200-1700m.
  20. Tetrastigma silvestrei Elmer ex J.Wen & Boggan, PJS 142 (2013) 237; -- Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3802; --Type: Elmer 14663 (US, holo), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, 750ft, Oct-1915. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan).
  21. Tetrastigma simplicifolia (Merr.) J.Wen & Boggan, PJS 142 (2013) 237; --Cayratia simplicifolia (Merr.) Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 46; --Columella simplicifolia Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 135; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 9; --Type: Ramos BS 15308 (US, iso), Leyte: Mountains back of Dagami, 5-Aug-1912. LEYTE. Forested slopes.
  22. Tetrastigma stenophyllum Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 143; EPFP 3 (1923) 5; --Type: Fenix BS 12964 (L, iso), Luzon: La Union, Bauang, Dec-1910. LUZON: La Union. Low elevation streamside thickets.
  23. Tetrastigma trifoliolatum Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 370; EPFP 3 (1923) 5; --Type: Wenzel 544 (US, iso), Leyte: Dagami, 6-Feb-1914. Borneo, Philippines. SAMAR, LEYTE. Forests up to 500m.

Vitis L.

Photos
  1. Vitis flexuosa Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. 2 (1793) 103; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 1. India to Japan southward to Java. LUZON: Benguet. Thickets about cliffs and boulders, 1000-1400m.
  2. Vitis vinifera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 202. Not native. Cultivated. Photos

Acknowledgements

Ravan Schneider kindly contributed some of the photos on this webpage.

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965. Flora of Java 2: 86-93.

Latiff, A. 1983. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae. VII. The genus Tetrastigma in the Malay Peninsula Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 36: 213-228.

Latiff, A. 1988. Studies in Malesian Vitaceae VIII. A new species of Ampelocissus from the Philippines. Blumea 33: 505-508

Merrill, ED. 1916. New or interesting Philippine Vitaceae. The Philippine Journal of Science. C. Botany 11: 125-145.

Merrill, ED. 1923. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants 3. Bureau of printing, Manila.

Molina, JE, J Wen & L Struwe. 2013. Systematics and biogeography of the non-viny grape relative Leeaceae (Vitaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 354-376.

Pelser, PB, DL Nickrent & JF Barcelona. 2016. Untangling a vine and its parasite: host specificity of Philippine Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae). Taxon 65: 739-758.

Ridsdale, CE. 1974. A revision of the family Leeaceae. Blumea 22: 57-100

Ridsdale, CE. 1976. Leeaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 755-782

Suessenguth, K. 1953. Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ed. 2, 20d: 174-398.

Veldkamp, JF. 2008. The correct name for the Tetrastigma (Vitaceae) host of Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae) in Malesia and a (not so) new species. Reinwardtia 12: 261-265.

Veldkamp, JF. 2009. Notes on the names of the Tetrastigma (Vitaceae) hosts of Rafflesia (Rafflesiaceae). Reinwardtia 13: 75-78.

Wen, J, L Lu & JK Boggan. 2013. Diversity and evolution of Vitaceae in the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 142: 223-244.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 17 February 2017