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Actinidiaceae

Saurauia Willd.

Last edited by Jayson Mansibang & Pieter B. Pelser, 19 October 2020

Photos
 
  1. Saurauia alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: FB 25202 Alvarez (US, iso), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lanao-Cotabato trail, in dipterocarp forest, c. 1000m, 21-Mar-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Primary forest, c. 1000m.
  2. Saurauia ampla Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 521; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Phil. Pl. 1694 Ramos (L, NY, US, iso), Samar: Cauayan Valley, along small streams in forests, c. 100m, Apr-1914. --Saurauia succulenta Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2617; --Type: Elmer 13408 (BISH, MO, NY, U, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Lowland forests in damp ravines.
  3. Saurauia avellana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 498; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Elmer 10055 (L, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, thicketed ridges at 3000ft, May-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forested slopes, 700-900m. Photos
  4. Saurauia bakeri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 521; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: C.F. Baker 3259 (syn), Luzon: Quezon prov., near Malinao, on forested slopes, May-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, CATANDUANES. Lowland primary forests.
  5. Saurauia bicolor Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 32; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: BS 28735 Ramos & Edaño (A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Binuang, on forested ridges, 12-May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Forested ridges, 300m or more.
  6. Saurauia bontocensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 453; EPFP 3 (1923) 62; --Type: Vanoverbergh 2555, Luzon: Mountain Province, Bauco, in forests, c. 1700m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Kalinga, Ifugao. Thickets and forests, 1200-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  7. Saurauia cinnamomea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 42; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Whitford 779. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon. Lowland primary forests.
  8. Saurauia clementis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 208; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Clemens 57, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Jan-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, LEYTE, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan, Surigao del Norte. Lowland damp forests, ascending to 900m. Photos
  9. Saurauia confusa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 522; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Merrill Phil. Pl. 1134, leg. Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Dahican River, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), CATANDUANES, ?CEBU (photos), MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland primary forests. Photos
  10. Saurauia copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2613; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Elmer 10555 (BISH, L, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, May-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Primary forests, c. 1000m. Photos.
  11. Saurauia cordata Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 48; --Type: Ramos & Edano BS 75267 (A, NY), Catanduanes: Mt. Abucay, c. 1300m, 9-Sep-1928. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Only known from the type.
  12. Saurauia denticulata C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 205; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: R.S. Williams 2167 (NY, holo; NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 240m, 14-Feb-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Primary forests, 200-800m.
  13. Saurauia elegans (Choisy) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 19; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Scapha elegans Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 15 (1855) 119. --Saurauia santosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 31937 J.K. Santos (A, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Pauai, on slopes, c. 2200m, 16-May-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan (Mt Cetaceo), Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Aurora, Bataan, Camarines, Albay, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, 700m). In forested ravines and exposed forested ridges, 700 to 2300 m. Photos.
  14. Saurauia elmeri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 523; EPFP 3 (1923) 63; --Type: Elmer 9225 (A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, Mt Banahaw, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Banahaw). Medium elevation primary forests.
  15. Saurauia erythrotricha Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2614; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Elmer 13821 (BISH, MO, NA, NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Mossy forest, c. 1600m.
  16. Saurauia fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 524; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Merrill 9508 (US, iso), Palawan: Mt Capoas, forested ridges and talus slopes, c. 800m, 21-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt Capoas; Mt Beaufort). Forested ridges, c. 800m. Photos
  17. Saurauia gigantifolia Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 49; --Type: BS 83716 Ramos & Convocar (A, iso), Mindanao: Agusan prov., Diwata Mtns, forested slopes, c. 1000m, 10-Apr-1931. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan (Diwata mtns). Forests, c. 1000m.
  18. Saurauia glabrifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 33; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Wenzel 1866, Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Placer, in forest, c. 150m, 4-Jul-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Lowland primary forests.
  19. Saurauia gracilipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 524; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Clemens 849, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur, Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Apr-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong), Surigao del Norte. Lowland primary forests.
  20. Saurauia involucrata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 41; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Copeland 1237 (US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Apr-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Forests, c. 800m.
  21. Saurauia klemmei Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 525; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: FB 6640 Klemme (US, iso), Luzon: Isabela prov., near Ilagan, in open level forests, Mar-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela. Lowland forests. Photos.
  22. Saurauia knemifolia Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 50; --Type: BS 77764 Edaño (A, holo), Palawan: Mt Manalsal, forested slopes, c. 1200m, 13-May-1929. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Note by L.L.Co: Apparently known only from the type.
  23. Saurauia lanaensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Clemens 868, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley, forested slopes of Sacred Mountain, c. 800m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Forested slopes, 700-900m.
  24. Saurauia latibractea Choisy in Zoll., Syst. Verzeich. (1854) 148; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 64; --Type: Cuming 944 (L, syn) & Cuming 1302 (L, syn), Luzon: Albay prov. --Saurauia cumingiana de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient. (1856) 38. --Saurauia exasperata de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient. (1856) 56; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 19; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 96; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip (1886) 56; --Type: Cuming 455 (L, iso). --Saurauia ramosii Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 51; --Type: BS 75497 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo), Catanduanes: Catanduanes prov., Mt Abucay, in damp forests, c. 1500m, 9-Sep-1928. --Saurauia irosinensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3727; --Type: Elmer 14581 (L, NY, U, syn), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Oct-1915; Elmer 15219 (NY, U, syn), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Nov-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon, 100-700m), CATANDUANES, CEBU. In primary forests at low elevation, often common. Photos.
  25. Saurauia laxa Merr., ined.; --Voucher: BS 22645 Ramos & Deroy (NY), Luzon: Batangas prov., Apr/May-1915.
  26. Saurauia leytensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 526; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 15240 Ramos (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, Aug-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, BUCAS GRANDE. Primary forests, c. 500m.
  27. Saurauia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 36; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --Type: Loher 12300, Luzon: Rizal prov., Mt Sumag, May-19xx. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal (Montalban; Mt Sumag). 
  28. Saurauia longipedicellata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 407; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 36897 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, in forests along streams at low elevation, Nov-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Lowland forests along streams.
  29. Saurauia longistyla Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 209; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Merrill 835 (GH, iso), Palawan: San Antonio Bay, in forests at c. 500m, 18-Feb-1903. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary forests, 450-500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  30. Saurauia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 209; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: FB 2902 (US, syn) & 3101 Ahern’s Collector (syn), Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso, Mar & Apr-1905, respectively. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, Rizal (Bosoboso; Mt Irig), Laguna, Quezon. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  31. Saurauia macgregorii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 11407 R.C. McGregor (K), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, Campote, Mar-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. In forests at medium elevation. 
  32. Saurauia merrillii Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 321; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Elmer 7530 (NY, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Palo, in woods at 200m, Jan-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests.
  33. Saurauia mindorensis Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: FB 6849 (US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental Prov, S of Lake Naujan, in forests, c. 100m. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Lowland primary forests.
  34. Saurauia negrosensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 499; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: Elmer 10139. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, NEGROS. Primary forests, c. 450m. Photos
  35. Saurauia oblancilimba Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 332; --Type: BS 44738 Ramos & Edaño (A), Luzon: Zambales, Mt Tapulao (High Peak). Along forested stream, 900m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection.
  36. Saurauia oligantha Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 18; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 23426 Ramos (NY, US), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bagacaua, in the mossy forest, 20-Aug-1915. --Saurauia bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3726, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Type: Elmer 14369 (NY, U, syn); Elmer 16407 (NY, U, syn); Elmer 16580 (NA, NY, U, syn), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Oct-1915, Jun & Jul-1916, respectively. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Primary forests, c. 450m. 
  37. Saurauia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 30323 Ramos (US, iso), Catanduanes: Catanduanes prov., mtns back of Calolbong, 10-Dec-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Lowland primary forests. Photos
  38. Saurauia palawanensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 527; EPFP 3 (1923) 65; --Type: BS 681 Foxworthy (US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Mt Victoria, moist slopes along streams, c. 1100m, 23-Mar-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Forests along streams, 1100m.
  39. Saurauia panayensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 528; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Merrill 6701 (US, iso), Panay: Capiz prov., Dumarao, shaded ravines along small streams, c. 100m. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Capiz. Forests along streams, 100-800m. Photos
  40. Saurauia panduriformis Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 580; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Elmer 9209 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, in woods bordering meadows at 750m, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga, Benguet, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon. Primary forests, 650-1400m. Note by L.L.Co: Very similar to Saurauia polysperma (Blanco) Merr.
  41. Saurauia papillulosa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 529; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: BS 19640 R.C. McGregor (US, iso), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis, 1900-2000m, Feb-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Ifugao. Montane thickets or forests, 1500-1900m.
  42. Saurauia philippinensis Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 282; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Merrill 5633 (L, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, in forests, 700m, Nov-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis Occidental. Primary forests, 540-1400m. Photos
  43. Saurauia polysperma (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 263; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Gordonia polysperma Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 549; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 384; Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1879) 342. --Saurauia subglabra Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 43; PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 95; --Type: FB 2767 Meyer (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, forests in river canyon at 800m, Feb-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet, La Union, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Bataan. In primary forests, 750-1400m. Photos
  44. Saurauia samarensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 530; EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: BS 17484 Ramos (US, iso), Samar: Yabong & Cauayan Valley, damp forests along small streams, Mar-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Lowland damp primary forests. 
  45. Saurauia sampad Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2616; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 66; --Type: Elmer 13825 (BISH, L, NY 2 sheets, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Damp ravines, c. 1600m.
  46. Saurauia sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1492; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 12535 (BISH, NY, US, iso), Sibuyan: Magallanes (= Magdiwang), Mt Giting-giting, in red moist soil of shrubby creek banks at 500ft, May-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Along streams, c. 150m. Photos
  47. Saurauia sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 17; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: BS 23681 Ramos (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, in mossy forest, 5-Sep-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan). Mossy forests, at or above 900m.
  48. Saurauia sparsiflora Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 322; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 8364 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Sto Tomas, woods at 6500ft, Mar-1907 Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Benguet (Mt Sto Tomas), Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Quezon. Mossy forests, 1700-2200m. Photos
  49. Saurauia tayabensis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 333; --Type: BS 45701 Ramos & Edaño (A), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Alzapan, 2000m, 7-Jun-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Alzapan; Casiguran). Streamside lowland forest to montane (mossy) forest, 2000m.
  50. Saurauia trichophora Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 335; --Type: BS 45711 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Alzapan, along streams in damp forests, 1000m, 24-May-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora-Quirino provincial border (Mt Alzapan). Along streams in damp forests and on forested slopes in the mossy forest, 1000-1300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type locality. Photos.
  51. Saurauia trunciflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 285; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: FB 3918 Hutchinson (US, iso), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., near Camp Keithley, 9-Mar-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Forested slopes and thickets, 700-1100m.
  52. Saurauia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2619; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Elmer 13638. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, ?Bukidnon (photos). Wet ravines, c. 1050m. Photos
  53. Saurauia vanoverberghii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 91; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1014 (L, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Malamey, in forests, c. 1550m, 3-Dec-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Forests, c. 1550m.
  54. Saurauia wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 376; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Wenzel 324 (A, GH, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami, in forests c. 60m, Jul-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests.
  55. Saurauia whitfordii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 42; EPFP 3 (1923) 67; --Type: Whitford 1006 (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Banahaw, Oct-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, POLILLO. Primary forests up to c. 800m.
  56. Saurauia zamboangensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 471; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 36607 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tabuan. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga.

Acknowledgements

Ariel Larona provided photos for this webpage. Jayson Mansibang provided taxonomic support and identifications.

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Steenis, CGGJ van. 1948. Actinidiaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series 1, 4: 37-39

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 9 November 2020