banner small


Including Aloaceae, Hemerocallidaceae, Xanthorrhoeaceae

Aloe L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 July 2017

  1. Aloe vera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 320. --Aloe barbadensis Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) No. 2. Native to Africa. Cultivated. Naturalized?  Photos

Dianella Lam.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2017

  1. Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC., Red. Lil. 1 (1802) t. 1; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 203; --Jessop, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 207; --Dracaena ensifolia L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 63. --Dianella revoluta auct. non R.Br.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 203. --Dianella caerulea auct. non Sims; --Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) 266; EPFP 1 (1922) 202. --Dianella nemorosa Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 276, nom. inval.; Tabl. Encycl. 2 (1792) 388, nom. illeg; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 59. Africa, Madagascar, Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, SW China (Yunnan), Hainan, Taiwan, Japan, throughout Malesia to Australia (Northern Territory; Queensland; New South Wales), Tasmania, New Zealand and many Pacific Isls. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, JOLO, MINDANAO, BUCAS GRANDE. Open grasslands to forests, from the lowlands c. 2200m. Fl. Jan-Dec. Photos
  2. Dianella javanica (Blume) Kunth, Enum. 5 (1850) 52; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 203; --Jessop, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 209; --Rhuacophila javanica Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1827) 14. Throughout Malesia, also in New Caledonia and Ile de Pins, and Fiji Isls (Viti Levu). BATANES, LUZON: Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet, Zambales, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Davao. Open slopes, thickets, ravines, forest edges, exposed narrow ridge crests, edges of fumaroles and volcanic craters, streambanks, etc, locally common, c. 1000-2400m. Fl. Jan-Dec. Photos

Xanthorrhoea Sm. [Not native]

  1. Xanthorrhoea sp. Native to Australia. Cultivated. Naturalized?


Chase, MW, JL Reveal & MF Fay. 2009. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 132136.

Jessop, JP. 1979. Liliaceae. Flora Malesiana, Series 1 9: 189-235

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines.

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 26 July 2020