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Byttneriaceae

Alternative classification: Malvaceae s.l. - subfam. Byttnerioideae

Abroma Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos
  1. Abroma augusta (L.) L.f., Suppl. (1781) 341, as 'Ambroma'; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48; --Theobroma augustum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12 2 (1767) 233. India to S China and Malaysia. BATANES and N LUZON to MINDANAO. Thickets, waste places, and open secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos

Buettneria Loeffling = Byttneria

Byttneria Loefl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2017

No Photos
  1. Byttneria crenulata Wall. ex Mast., Fl. Britt. India 1 (1874) 376. --Byttneria echinata Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1149, nom. nud.; --Gagnep. in Lecomte, Fl. Gén. Indo-Chine 1 (1911) 520; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48. Nepal, Myanmar, Indochina, Philippines. MINDORO (BS 21268 Escritor). Thickets and second growth forests at low elevation.

Commersonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos
  1. Commersonia bartramia (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 48; --Muntingia bartramia L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 124. Indochina, across Malesia to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Common in thickets and second-growth forests at low and medium elevation. Photos

Guazuma Plum. ex Adans. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 52; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 427. Native of tropical America. Introduced recently in the Philippines. Occasionally cultivated. Photos

Kleinhovia L.

Photos
  1. Kleinhovia hospita L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1365; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 52. Photos

Leptonychia Turcz.

Last edited by John Paul Collantes & Pieter B. Pelser, 21 June 2020

Photos
  1. Leptonychia banahaensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 48; --Veldkamp & Filipphi, Blumea 32 (1987) 448; --Grewia banahaensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 319. Endemic to the Philippines.

    Possibly present:

  2. Leptonychia caudata (Wall. ex G.Don) Burret, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9 (1926) 729; --Grewia caudata Wall. & G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1 (1831) 547. Andaman Isls, Borneo, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, ?Philippines. Note by P.B. Pelser (21-June-20): Reynoso & Majaducon PPI 21875 and Gaerlan & Romero PPI 23303 (L) from Quezon Prov possibly represents this species.

Melochia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2021

Photos
  1. Melochia corchorifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330. --Melochia concatenata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 46. Pantropic. Possibly not native to the Philippines. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation in the settled areas, occurring as a ruderal along waysides, waste places, open grasslands, rice paddies, etc. Note by P.B. Pelser (31-May-21): According to Merrill (1912), this species is "undoubtedly introduced". Photos
  2. Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1913) 317; --Visenia umbellata Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2(8) (1777) 309. Mauritius to India, Indochina (S Vietnam), Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. A common and characteristic shrub or treelet in old clearings, secondary forests, etc. at low and medium elevation. Photos

Theobroma L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos
  1. Theobroma cacao L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 782; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 49. Widely cultivated at low and medium elevations but nowhere spontaneous. Introduced in the Philippines from Mexico. Cacao. Photos

Waltheria L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 May 2021

Photos
  1. Waltheria indica L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 673. --Waltheria americana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 673; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330; EPFP 3 (1923) 47. Native to Americas. Throughout the Philippines. Not native to the Philippines. Naturalized in dry open places in the settled areas at low and medium elevation. Photos

Acknowledgements

John Paul Collantes brought possible reports of Leptonychia caudata to our attention.

Literature

Cristóbal, CL. 1976. Estudio taxonomico del genero Byttneria Loefling (Sterculiaceae). Bonplandia 4: 1-428.

Veldkamp, JF & RCH Flipphi. 1987. A revision of Leptonychia (Sterculiaceae) in Southeast Asia. Blumea 32: 443-457


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 31 May 2021