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Cactaceae

Acanthocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 October 2020

Photos 

  1. Acanthocereus tetragonus (L.) Hummelinck, Succulenta (Netherlands) 20 (1938) 165; --Cactus tetragonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 466. --Acanthocereus pentagonus (L.) Britton & Rose, Contr. US Nat. Herb. 12 (1909) 432; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; --Cactus pentagonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 467. Native of tropical America. LUZON: Laguna. Occasional in hedges where planted. Photos

Cereus Mill. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos

  1. Cereus hexagonus (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) No. 1; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; --Cactus hexagonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 466. --Cereus lepidotus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. 2 (1850) 207; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 339. Native of tropical America. LUZON: Rizal. Occasionally planted for ornamental purposes, and in a few localities in regions subject to a long dry season, persistent in thickets, etc. 

Epiphyllum Haw. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 January 2021

Photos
  1. Epiphyllum oxypetalum (DC.) Haw., Phil. Mag. (1829) 109; --Cactus oxypetalus Moc. & Sessť ex DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 470. Native to C America. TAWI-TAWI. Possibly naturalized in forest in Tawi-Tawi (Kady Tahil, pers. comm., 22-Aug-2020). Photos

Hylocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos
  1. Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose in Britton, Fl. Bermuda (1918) 256; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; --Cereus undatus Haw., Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 9 (1830) 110. --Cereus triangularis Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 99; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 339. Native of tropical America. Occasionally planted for ornamental purposes. Not spontaneous. Photos

Nopalea Salm-Dyck = Opuntia

Opuntia Mill. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 February 2020

Photos

  1. Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768) n.6; --Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. 2 (1850) 64; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 129; --Cactus cochenillifer L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 468. Native of tropical America. LUZON: Rizal. Planted here and there for ornamental purposes, in some regions subject to a long dry season. Naturalized. The cochineal cactus - dried bodies of mealy bugs yields carmine, a scarlet dye. Photos
  2. Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ. (1819) 81; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 130; --Cactus monacanthos Willd., Enum. Pl. Suppl. 33 (1814). Native of tropical America, now more or less distributed in the Old World tropics. SIBUTU. Sandy soil near the beach. Invasive species (CABI 2017).
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Pereskia aculeata Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768). Native to S America. MINDORO. Cultivated. At risk of becoming invasive (CABI 2020). Photos

Literature

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1963. Flora of Java 1: 315-318.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Majure LC, R Puente, MP Griffith, WS Judd, PS Soltis & DE Soltis. 2012. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. American Journal of Botany 99: 847-864


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 January 2021