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Arivela Raf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 February 2018

  1. Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. (1838) 110; --Cleome viscosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 672; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103; --Polanisia viscosa (L.) DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 242; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. --Polanisia icosandra (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 22; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome icosandra L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 672. --Cleome acutifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2574; --Type: Elmer 12697 (US, lecto; B, BISH, BM, CAS, F, MO, NY, Z, isolecto), Palawan: Brooks Point (Addison Peak), Feb-1911. Native in the Old World, from tropical Africa and S Arabia to tropical Australia. Common throughout Malesia. Adventive in the Neotropics. A very common weed along roadsides, wastelands, rice fields, etc. at low and medium elevation. Photos

Cleome L. = Sieruela (Philippines)

Cleoserrata Iltis [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2018

  1. Cleoserrata serrata (Jacq.) Iltis, Novon 17 (2007) 448; --Cleome serrata Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 26. Native to Central America, South America, Caribbean. Introduced in the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos by Mark Gregory Rule). Photos
  2. Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis, Novon 17 (2007) 448; --Cleome speciosa Raf., Fl. Ludovic. (1817) 86; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101. --Gynandropsis speciosa DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome speciosa Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 5 (1821) 84, nom. illeg., auct. non Raf. Native of the Neotropics, now pantropic. Cultivated as an ornamental in SE Asia. LUZON: La Union, Manila, Cavite, LEYTE. Occasionally escaping.

Gynandropsis DC.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genève 17 (1914) 382; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome gynandra L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 671; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101. --Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. Sri Lanka and India, throughout SE and E Asia to as far north as Beijing. Throughout Malesia and the Philippines. Widely introduced in the Neotropics. A common roadside and rice field weed, from the lowlands up to c. 500m.

Sieruela Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2019

  1. Sieruela rutidosperma (DC.) Roalson & J.C.Hall, Syst. Bot. 42 (2017) 938; --Cleome rutidosperma DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 241; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103. Native in W tropical Africa. First recorded in Malesia around 1920 (in Manila around 1948). Now a very common lowland weed along roadsides, waste places, etc. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos

Tarenaya Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

  1. Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. (1838) 111; --Cleome spinosa Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. (1760) 26; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 102. Native of the Neotropics, occasionally cultivated in the tropical and temperate zones. In the Philippines thoroughly naturalized and very abundant along streams in Benguet. Photos


Mark Gregory Q. Rule kindly provided photographs for this webpage.


Barrett, RL, EH Roalson, K Ottewell, M Byrne, SP Govindwar, SR Yadav, AS Tamboli, & AR Gholave. 2017 Resolving generic boundaries in Indian–Australasian Cleomaceae: Circumscription of Areocleome, Arivela, and Corynandra as distinct genera. Systematic Botany 42: 694-708.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 61-105. [Contains Cleome]

Patchell, MJ, EH Roalson & JC Hall. 2014. Resolved phylogeny of Cleomaceae based on all three genomes. Taxon 62: 315-328

Su, J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang & Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 19 January 2020