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Costaceae

Cheilocostus C.D.Specht = Hellenia Retz. [Philippine species]

Costus L. = Hellenia Retz. [Philippine species]

Hellenia Retz.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 December 2019

Photos
  1. Hellenia globosa (Blume) S.R.Dutta, Pleione 4 (2010) 152; --Cheilocostus globosus (Blume) C.Specht, Taxon 55 (2006) 160, nom. superfl.; --Costus globosus Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 62. A species complex that also includes: Costus clemensiae Ridl., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 193; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 246; --Maas, Blumea 25 (1979) 546. --?Amomum warburgii (K.Schum.) K.Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 20 (1904) 257; --Ridl., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 171; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 241; --Costus warburgii K.Schum. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 27 (1899) 346; --Type: Warburg s.n., Mindanao: probably Davao. Thailand to W Malesia, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao. Forested slopes, c. 700m.
  2. Hellenia speciosa (J.Koenig) Govaerts, Phytotaxa 151 (2013) 64; --Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.Specht, Taxon 55 (2006) 159, nom. superfl.; --Costus speciosus (J.Koenig) Sm., Trans. Linn. Soc. 1 (1791) 249; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 160; EPFP 1 (1924) 246; --Steiner, PJS 88 (1959) 35; --Maas, Blumea 25 (1979) 546; --Banksia speciosa Koenig in Retz., Observ. Bot. 3 3 (1784)75; --Type: from Indonesia. --Costus hirsutus Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1827) 61; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 246. --Costus glabra (K.Schum.) Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 246; --Costus speciosus (J.Koenig) Sm. var glabra K.Schum., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 27 (1899) 343. --Costus sericeus Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1827) 62; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 246. Cultivated as an ornamental. Merrill (1924) believes that the common wild Philippine form is specifically distinct. India to S China, Taiwan, across Malesia to New Guinea LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, La Union, Mountain Province, Benguet, Batangas, Bataan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MASBATE, PANAY, NEGROS, CEBU, LEYTE, SAMAR, JOLO, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation primary forests, old clearings, etc. Common. Photos

Literature

Govaerts, R. 2013. Hellenia Retz., the correct name for Cheilocostus C.D.Specht (Costaceae). Phytotaxa 151: 63-64

Maas, PJM. 1979. Notes on Asiatic and Australian Costoideae (Zingiberaceae). Blumea 25: 543-549


Specht, CD & DW Stevenson. 2006. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae (Zingiberales). Taxon 55: 153-163

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 26 July 2020