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Lamiaceae

= Labiatae

 Achyrospermum Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 September 2019

Photos
  1. Achyrospermum densiflorum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 840; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 412; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 23; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 328; --Type: from Java. --Achyrospermum philippinense Benth., Prodr. 12 (1848) 458; --Type: Cuming 1884 (K), Philippines. China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sumatra, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO.  Photos

Acrocephalus Benth. = Platostoma

Ajuga L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 September 2019

Photos
  1. Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 108; --Type: from Nepal. --Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Benth, in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 1 (1830) 59, nom. superfl.; --Wall., Cat. 1829, no. 2032, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 408; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 31; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 31; --Type: from Nepal. Afghanistan, China, India, Indochina, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON, MINDANAO. Photos
  2. Ajuga taiwanensis Nakai ex Murata, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 23 (1968) 23. Nansei-shoto, Taiwan, Philippines. Note by P.B. Pelser (14-Sep-19): not recorded for the Philippines by Bramley (2019). Photos

Anisomeles R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 September 2019

No Photos
  1. Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 512, incl. forma albiflora (Hassk.) Kuntze, forma rubicunda Kuntze; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 411; EPFP 3 (1923) 412; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 34; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 329; --Nepeta indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 571; --Type: from India. -- Phlomis alba Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 474, nom. illeg., non Forssk.; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 612 (K, neo; US, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo. Bismarck Arch, Fiji, India, Japan, Malesia (throughout) Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal.

Basilicum Moench

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 September 2019

Photos
  1. Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench, Suppl. Meth. Pl. (1802) 143; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 39; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 366; --Moschosma polystachyum (L.) Benth. in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 2 (1830-31) 13; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 421; --Ocimum polystachyon L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 567; --Type: India. --Moschosma tenuiflorum auct. non L.) Heynh.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 421. Africa, Himalaya, India, Indian Ocean, Indochina to Australia, Malesia (throughout), Myanmar, Philippines. Photos

Calamintha Mill. = Satureja

Callicarpa L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 September 2019

Photos
  1. Callicarpa albidotomentella Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 382; --Type: BS 26976 Ramos (K, lecto; A, isolecto), Luzon: Abra Prov, Mt. Posuey, along small streams in forests, c. 120m, 5-Feb-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra. Lowland forests along streams. Only known from type (Bramley 2013). Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  2. Callicarpa angusta Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 643; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 382; --Type: Cuming 1425 (K, lecto; BM, NY, P, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov, 1841. --Callicarpa erioclona Schauer in DC. forma rivularis (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 19; --Callicarpa rivularis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Type: BS 660 Foxworthy (US, lecto), Palawan: Palawan Prov, Mt Victoria, on rocky riverbanks, c. 1150m, 23-Mar-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Zambales (Subic), Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Rizal (Bosoboso), MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental (Tubili), PALAWAN. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013).
  3. Callicarpa apoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 861; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 382; --Type: Elmer 11491 (GH, lecto; BM, BO, GH, NY, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. MINDANAO: Davao. Forests, c. 1750m. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Endangered B1 (a,biii), B2 (a,biii) (Bramley 2013). Photos
  4. Callicarpa arborea Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., I (1820) 405; Hort. Bengal. 10 (1814), nom. nud.; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 1 (1832) 390. --Callicarpa arborea Roxb. var. psilocalyx (H.J.Lam) Moldenke, Phytologia 4 (1952) 125. --Callicarpa tomentosa var. magna (Schauer) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 3 (1921) 22; --Callicarpa magna Schauer, Prodr. 11 (1847) 641; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: Cuming 1266 (K, lecto; BM, E, K, MICH, MO, isolecto), Luzon: Albay (Cagayan). Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, SAMAR, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Chiefly in lowland and medium elevation secondary forests. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013).
  5. Callicarpa basilanensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 263; EPFP 3 (1923) 382; --Type: FB 6124 Hutchinson (NY, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Jul-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis Occidental. Chiefly in lowland secondary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable B2 (a,biii) (Bramley 2013).
  6. Callicarpa bicolor Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 7 (1806) 77; --Type: from New Britain. --Callicarpa bicolor Juss. var. bermejosi Moldenke, Phytologia 14 (1967) 398; --Type: BS 1534 J. Bermejos (US, holo; NY, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental Prov, Bulalacao. --Callicarpa bicolor Juss. var. subintegrifolia Moldenke, Phytologia 15 (1967) 399; --Type: PNH 39880 J. Ramos (US, holo), Luzon: Laguna Prov, Pangil, 27-May-1959. --Callicarpa cana auct. non L.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 401; EPFP 3 (1923) 382. --Callicarpa candicans auct. non (Burm.f.) Hochr. New Guinea, Palau Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDORO, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, ROMBLON, PALAWAN, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Misamis Oriental, Davao, Lanao del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Open areas, thickets or disturbed. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013). Photos
  7. Callicarpa caudata Maxim., Bull. Acad. St. Petersb. 31 (1887) 76; --Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 299; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 381; EPFP 3 (1923) 383; --Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 862; --Type: Cuming 1095 (LE, holo; K, NY, iso), Luzon: Albay Prov --Callicarpa stenophylla Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 380; EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Type: BS 5739 Ramos (K, lecto), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Sablan River near Baguio, Dec-1908. --Callicarpa merrillii Moldenke, Bull Torrey Bot. Club (1932) 55; --Callicarpa lancifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 70, nom. illeg.; --Type: BS 11078 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost), Cebu, Mar-1912; R.S. Williams 2307 (NY, lecto; A, K, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, 25-Feb-1905. Australia, New Guinea, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur (Mt Malaya), Mountain Province, Laguna, Benguet (Mt Pulag; Sablan River), Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Masbate, Rizal, Albay, Zambales, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), BOHOL, NEGROS, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon, Davao, Surigao, Zamboanga. Forest, disturbed area, grasslands, up to 2000m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013).
  8. Callicarpa denticulata Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 383; --Type: BS 3622 E. Fenix (K, lecto), Batan: Basco, 30-May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN (Basco), CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES. Low elevation thickets, open slopes. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  9. Callicarpa dolichophylla Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 339; EPFP 3 (1923) 384; --Type: Cuming 1330 (K, lecto; A, K, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Cagayan, 1841. --Callicarpa longissima (Hemsl.) Merr., PJS 12 (1917) 108; --Callicarpa longifolia var. longissima Hemsl., PJS (1890) Bot. 253; --Type: from China. China, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya (Mt Umugum), Bulacan, Rizal (Bosoboso). Lowland or medium elevation thickets and secondary forests. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013).
  10. Callicarpa erioclona Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 643; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 158; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 134; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 208; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 121; EPFP 3 (1923) 384; --Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 866; --Type: Cuming 911 (G, lecto; BM, E, G, NY, P, TCD, isolecto), Luzon: Albay Prov --Callicarpa subcandida Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3798; --Type: Elmer 15124 (NY, lecto; BM, isolecto), Luzon: Irosin, Mt Bulusan. Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan to Sorsogon), MINDORO, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, CEBU, LEYTE, BOHOL, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Agusan Norte, Cotabato, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga, Davao, PALAWAN. Lowland primary and secondary forests, often rather common. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013).
  11. Callicarpa fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 313; EPFP 3 (1923) 384; --Type: BS 35123 Ramos & Pascasio (A, lecto; K, P, isolecto), Bucas Grande: Jun-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE. Low elevation open forests. Only known from type (Bramley 2013). Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  12. Callicarpa flavida Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 863; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 384; --Geunsia flavida (Elmer) H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 38; --Type: Elmer 11851 (K, lecto; BM, E, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya, Mt Apo. --Callicarpa epiphytica Elmer, LPB 10 (1915) 2871; --Geunsia epiphytica (Elmer) H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 38; --Type: Elmer 13822 (K, lecto; C, E, NY, CAS, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. --Geunsia epiphytica Elmer var. apiculata H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 39; --Type: Elmer 13861 (K, lecto; BM, E, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan, Cabadbaran, Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Agusan del Norte, DINAGAT. Lowland forests on Dinagat, in Mindanao on mountains 1200-1500m. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Bramley 2013).
  13. Callicarpa longifolia Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 563; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 385; --Type: from Malaysia. --Callicarpa attenuatifolia Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2870; --Type: Elmer 13536 (BISH, GH, K, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte Prov, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, in rich humid soil of an open grassy place on Mt Giwantawan at 3000ft elevation, Aug-1912. --Callicarpa nigrescens Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 425; --Type: BS 44297 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; NY, US, isolecto), Tawi-tawi, in secondary forests at low elevations, Jul/Aug-1924. Australia, India, Indochina, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Apayao, Quezon, POLILLO, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, MINDANAO: Agusan, Lanao, Zamboanga, Davao, Surigao, TAWI-TAWI. Low elevation secondary forest, 0-1200m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013). Photos
  14. Callicarpa longipetiolata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 47; EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) L. var. longipetiolata (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg sér. III, 3 (1921) 22; --Type: Elmer 6266 (K, lecto; NY, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Mt. Sto Tomas, May-1904. --Callicarpa longipetiolata Merr. var glabrescens Moldenke, Phytologia 4 (1952) 43; --Type: Vanoverbergh 1376 (U, holo; NY, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, 20-Jun-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet. Thickets bordering pine forests, 1600-2000m. Conservation status: Endangered B2ab(iii) (Bramley 2013). Photos
  15. Callicarpa magnifolia Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 437; EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: BS 37563 Ramos & Edaño (US, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Kalinga Prov, Lubuagan, Mt Masingit, Feb-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Kalinga. Forests, c. 1200m. Only known from type (Bramley 2013). Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  16. Callicarpa micrantha S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 187; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: Vidal 1641 (K, lecto; MA, isolecto), Abra. --Callicarpa elegans Hayek in Just’s Bot. Jahresber. 33 (1906) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 384; --Type: Cuming 1460 (W, holo; K, NY, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur Prov --Callicarpa phanerophlebia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 301; EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Type: BS 26233 Ramos & Edaño (NY, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Ecija Prov, Mt Umingan (Mingan), in open places along streams, c. 50m, 8-Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. BATAAN, LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Batangas, Bulacan, Cagayan, Cavite, Rizal, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Tayabas, Pangasinan, Camarines Sur, ROMBLON, SIBUYAN, LEYTE, PANAY, SIBUYAN, BOHOL, MINDORO: Mindoro Occidental, MINDANAO: Davao. Lowland open places along streams, 200-1200m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013). Photos
  17. Callicarpa pachyclada Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 195; --Type: BS 45640 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, B, BM, BO, NY, UC, US, isolecto), Luzon: Quirino Prov, Mt Alzapan, on forested slopes, c. 1600m, 24-May-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. ?SAMAR, LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan), Nueva Vizcaya, Isabela. Montane forests, c. 1600m. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  18. Callicarpa paloensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 336; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Callicarpa pentandra var. paloensis (Elmer) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 14; --Geunsia paloensis (Elmer) H.J.Lam ex. Moldenke, Phytologia 50 (1950) 361; --Type: Elmer 7370 (K, lecto; BO, GH, NY, isolecto), Leyte: Palo, Jan-1906. --Callicarpa sorsogonensis Elmer ex Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 22; --Type: Elmer 16939 (NA, K, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon Prov, Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Sorsogon, LEYTE. Forests, c. 300m. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Bramley 2013). Photos
  19. Callicarpa pedunculata R.Br., Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae (1810) 513; --Type: from Australia. --Callicarpa formosana Rolfe, J. Bot. 20 (1882) 358; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 385; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 406; --Type: from Taiwan. --Callicarpa blancoi Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 315; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 401. --Callicarpa ovata C.B.Rob., PJS c 3(1908) 215; --Type: R.S. Williams 2577 (NY, lecto; NY, US, isolecto), Mindanao, Davao, Darong, 9-Apr-1905. --Callicarpa obtusifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 451; EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Type: BS 32921 Ramos (K, lecto; A, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte Prov, Burgos, Jul-1918. Australia, China, Laos, Taiwan, Thailand, Moluccas, New Guinea, Ryukyu Isls, Vietnam, Philippines. Throughout the archipelago. Secondary and primary forest, grasslands. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013). Photos
  20. Callicarpa pentandra Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 1 (1832) 395; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Geunsia pentandra (Roxb.) Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 309; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 305; --Type: from Moluccas. --Guensia farinosa Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. (1823) 12; --Callicarpa pentandra Roxb. forma farinosa (Blume) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 13; --Type: from Indonesia. --Callicarpa cumingiana Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 644; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 158; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 383; --Geunsia cumingiana (Schauer) Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 315; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 133; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 207; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 343; --Callicarpa pentandra Roxb. var. cumingiana (Schauer) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 16; --Type: Cuming 1707 (K, lecto; P, isolecto), Philippines. --Callicarpa affinis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 864; --Type: --Elmer 11102 (K, lecto; GH, L, NY, US; isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, shrubberies near the sea coast, Jun-1909. --Geunsia hookeri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 342; --Type: Cuming 1773 (K, lecto; GH, K, L, isolecto), Cebu. --Callicarpa weberi Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Type: Weber 68 (A, lecto), Bancalan Island (between Palawan and Balabac), 6m, 26-Sep-1916. --Callicarpa longivillosa Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 313; EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: BS 34538 Ramos & Pascasio (K, lecto; BM, BO, L, isolecto), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte Prov, Apr-1919. --Geunsia cumingiana (Schauer) Rolfe var. pentamera H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 36; --Type: Com. d.l. Fl. for. no 844 (syn), Philippines, Daraga, and from New Guinea. --Callicarpa longivillosa Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 313; EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: BS 34538 Ramos & Pascasio (L, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte Prov, Apr-1919. Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, ?Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. NEGROS, BILIRAN, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, JOLO, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur (Tetuan), Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Davao (Mt Apo), SIARGAO, BUCAS GRANDE, LUZON: Albay, Rizal, Sorsogon, POLILLO, PANAY, LEYTE: Leyte (Palo), SAMAR, PALAWAN. Lowland and medium elevation secondary forests, ascending to 1700m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bramley 2013). Photos
  21. Callicarpa platyphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 57; EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Type: FB 26967 Velasco (A, US, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Cagayan Prov, Jul-Aug 1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, POLILLO. Lowland forests. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Bramley 2013).
  22. Callicarpa plumosa Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 196; --Type: BS 46928 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, B, BM, BO, NY, UC, US, isolecto), Luzon: Isabela Prov, San Mariano, along forested streams, c. 400m, 15-Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (San Mariano). Forested streams, c. 400m. Only known from type collection (Bramley 2013). Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013).
  23. Callicarpa ramiflora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 262; EPFP 3 (1923) 387; --Type: M.S. Clemens 1167 (US, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur Prov, Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Sep-1907. --Callicarpa cauliflora Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 338; EPFP 3 (1923) 383; --Type: FB 9321 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur Prov, Port Banga, canyons in forest, c. 20m, 13-Jan-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, ?NEGROS (photos), SAMAR. Low and medium elevation forests, to 700m. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Bramley 2013). Photos
  24. Callicarpa subalbida Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 337; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Callicarpa erioclona Schauer var. subalbida (Elmer) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3(1921) 19; --Type: Elmer 9184 (K, lecto; A, NY, US, Z, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon Prov, Lucban, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, POLILLO, MINDORO. Low and medium elevation forests along streams. Conservation status: Vulnerable B1a,biii; B2,a,biii (Bramley 2013).
  25. Callicarpa subglandulosa Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 513; --Type: Elmer 9739 (K, lecto; BO, GH, US, Z, isolecto), Negros, Cuernos Mts, Dumaguete, Apr-1908. --Callicarpa megalantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 71; EPFP 3 (1923) 386; --Type: BS 49387 McGregor (US, iso, lost), Luzon: Ifugao Prov, Mt. Polis, Feb-1913; M. Ramos & G. Edaño Bur. Sci. 37718 (K, neo; A, isoneo), Luzon, Ifugao, Mt Polis, Feb-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, NEGROS. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Bramley 2013). Photos
  26. Callicarpa subintegra Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 299; EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Type: BS 26619 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; A, BO, NY, US, isolecto), Luzon: Aurora Prov, Mt. Dingalan, on dry slopes, c. 200m, 25-Aug-1916. --Callicarpa ramosii (Moldenke) Govaerts, World Checkl. Seed Pl. 3 (1999) 12; --Geunsia ramosii Moldenke, Phytologia 5 (1954) 10; --Type: BS 33838 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo), Luzon: Camarines Sur Prov, Mt Bagacay, Nov/Dec-1918. --Callicarpa subintegra Merr. var. parva Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Type: BS 26465 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; A, NY, US, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Ecija Prov, Mt Umingan, on forested slopes, c. 350m, 13-Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Camarines Sur, Irid, Nueva Ecija. Forests, 300-600m. Conservation status: Vulnerable B1a,biii; B2a,biii (Bramley 2013).
  27. Callicarpa surigaensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 262; EPFP 3 (1923) 388; --Callicarpa pentandra Roxb. var. cumingiana (Schauer) Bakh. forma surigaensis (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 16; --Type: Ahern 318 (BO, lecto; BO, US, isolecto), May-1901. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Surigao del Norte, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests, also along streams. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bramley 2013). Photos

Cantinoa Harley & J.F.B.Pastore [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 September 2019

Photos
  1. Cantinoa americana (Aubl.) Harley & J.F.B.Pastore, Phytotaxa 58 (2012) 9; --Nepeta americana Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 2 (1775) 623; --Type: from Mexico. --Hyptis spicigera Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 185; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 409; EPFP 3 (1923) 417; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 95; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 371. --Pycnanthemum elongatum Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 333; Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 108 (K, neo; L, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo. Native of the Neotropics. LUZON: Rizal. Naturalized in the Philippiens.

Clerodendron = Clerodendrum

Clerodendrum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 September 2019

Photos
  1. Clerodendrum apayaoense Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 343; --Type: Vanoverbergh 17592 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, iso), Luzon: Apayao Prov, Allokapan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao (Allokapan). In forest, 50-200m.
  2. Clerodendrum brachyanthum Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 668; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 400; --Type: Cuming 816 (B, KIEL syn, lost; OXF, lecto; BM, DBN, K, L, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Abra, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan. Chiefly in lowland to medium elevation secondary forests. Often common. Photos
  3. Clerodendrum calamitosum L., Mant. 1 (1767) 90; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 403; EPFP 3 (1923) 400; --Type: from Java. Borneo, Indochina, Java, Sumatra, naturalized elsewhere. LUZON: La Union, Pangasinan, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Tayabas, Bataan, Rizal, Camarines, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Not native to the Philippines. Chiefly in cultivation for ornamental purposes, occasional in waste places about towns. Photos
  4. Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabb., Pl. Book (1989) repr. ed. 707; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 416; --Cryptanthus chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa (1757) 215; --Type: from China. --Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 667; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 401; --Type: Cuming 1096 (B, KIEL, syn, lost; GH, neo; K, OXF, isoneo), Philippines. --Clerodendrum fragrans (Vent.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hort. Kew, ed. 2, 4 (1812) 63, nom. illeg., auct. non Willd.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 401. Borneo, China, Java, Moluccas, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. Native distribution unknown, widely cultivated and naturalized in Malesia.
  5. Clerodendrum infortunatum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 637; --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Clerodendrum cordatum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 103; --Type: from Nepal. --?Clerodendrum vanoverberghii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 98; EPFP 3 (1923) 405; --Type: BS 838 Vanoverbergh (PNH, holo, lost; A, G, L, LD, U, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Nov/Dec-1910. --Clerodendrum philippinense Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3223; --Type: Elmer 22379 (PNH, holo, lost; A, B, BM, C, GH, HUH, K, L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Pampanga Prov, Mt Pinatubo, Camp Stotsenburg. May-1927. China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Pampanga (Mt Pinatubo).
  6. Clerodendrum intermedium Cham., Linnaea 7 (1832) 105; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 402; --Type: Chamisso s.n. (LE, holo), Luzon. --Volkameria casopanguil Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 356; --Type: Quisumbing 651 (=Merrill Species Blancoanae 43) (US, neo; L, isoneo), Luzon: Laguna Prov, Los Baños. --Clerodendrum puberulum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 72; EPFP 3 (1923) 404; --Type: E.B. Copeland 414 (K, NY, PNH lost, US, isosyn), Mindanao: Davao, Mar-1904; De Vore & Hoover 177 (PNH, lost, syn), Philippines. Borneo, India, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Lowland and medium elevation thickets, secondary forests, and open damp places. Often common. Photos
  7. Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. (1826) 822; --Volkameria japonica Thunb. in J.A.Murray, Syst. Nat. ed. 14 (1784) 578; --Type: from Japan. Bangladesh, Borneo, China, Himalayas, India, Japan, Nepal, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tibet, Philippines. Photos
  8. Clerodendrum klemmei Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 514; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 402; --Type: Elmer 8679 (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio, Mar-1907. --Clerodendrum luzoniense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 436; EPFP 3 (1923) 403; --Type: BS 33784 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte Prov, Paracale, Nov/Dec-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, Ilocos Norte, Abra, Mountain Province, Benguet, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Laguna.
  9. Clerodendrum lanuginosum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 810; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 402; --Type: from Moluccas. --Clerodendrum cumingianum Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 666; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 401; --Type: Cuming 1760 (B, KIEL, syn, lost; OXF, lecto; BM, K, TCD, isolecto), Cebu. --Clerodendrum wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 405; --Type: Wenzel 627 (PNH, holo, lost; A, US, iso), Leyte, Jaro,  Mar-1914. --Clerodendrum macrocalyx H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 293; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 403; --Type: Elmer 11338 (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, L, NY, U  US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt. Apo, Aug-1909. --Clerodendrum lanuginosum var. adpressipilum Moldenke, Phytologia 4 (1952) 49; --Type: Elmer 13559 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, NY, US, W, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta. Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. BASILAN, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan del Norte, Davao (Mt Apo), Surigao del Norte, NEGROS, PANAY. Lowland thickets and secondary forests. Photos
  10. Clerodendrum macrostegium Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 666; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 403; --Type: Cuming 1541 (B, KIEL, syn, lost; K, lecto, BM, K, L, NY, OXF, isolecto), Luzon: Batangas. --Volkameria grandiflora Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 512; --Unknown (PNH, holo, lost), Philippines. Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Quezon, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, PANAY. Lowland secondary forests and thickets. Photos
  11. Clerodendrum minahassae Teijsm. & Binn., Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 25 (1863) 409; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 403; --Type: from Sulawesi. --Clerodendrum mabesae Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 302; EPFP 3 (1923) 403; --Type: FB 26796 Mabesa (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna Prov, forests back of Paete, on moist shaded slopes, c. 370m, 27-Mar-1917. --Clerodendrum minahassae var. grandicalyx Moldenke, Phytologia 23 (1972) 315; --Type: Wenzel 261 (US, holo), Leyte. --Clerodendrum fortunatum auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 508; --Clerodendrum blancoi Náves ex Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. (1880) 161; --Type: Unknown (PNH, holo, lost), Philippines. ?Java, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. Widespread throughout the archipelago, in most islands and provinces. LUZON: Laguna. Photos
  12. Clerodendrum mindorense Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 404; --Clerodendrum simile Merr., Govt. Lab Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 64, nom. illeg., auct. non H.Pearson; --Type: Merrill 1192 (PNH, holo, lost; L, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental Prov, Baco, Jan-1903. --?Clerodendrum elliptifolium Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 341; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 401; --Type: BS 14463 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost), Camiguin: Panatayum, in thickets, 20-Mar-1912. --Clerodendrum pubifolium Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 197; --Type: BS 49416 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, ?lost; BM, NY, UC, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental Prov, Mt Mayo, along streams in secondary forests, c. 700m, 21-Apr-1927. Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Isabela (Palanan), Sorsogon, MINDORO, SEMIRARA, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Mayo), Misamis. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  13. Clerodendrum multibracteatum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 98; EPFP 3 (1923) 404; --Type: BS 777 Vanoverbergh (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, L, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Jul/Aug-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon). Mossy forests, 15500-2000m.
  14. Clerodendrum myrmecophilum Ridl., J. Bot. 33 (1895) 42; --Type: from Singapore. --Clerodendrum flavum Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 424; --Type: BS 43899 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; UC, iso), Jolo: Mt Daho (Bud Dajo), in forests along small streams near the summit, c. 700m, Sep-1924. Borneo, ?Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, JOLO (Mt Dajo).
  15. Clerodendrum paniculatum L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 90. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Native to Philippines? Photos
  16. Clerodendrum preslii Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 515; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 404; --Type: Elmer 10223 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BISH, BM, K, L, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental Prov, Cuernos Mtns, Mar-1908. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Mossy forests, c. 1400m.
  17. Clerodendrum quadriloculare (Blanco) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 63; EPFP 3 (1923) 404; --Ligustrum quadriloculare Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 10; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 434 (US, neo; K, L, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo, Jan-1914. --Clerodendrum navesianum S.Vidal, Cat. Prov. Manila (1880) 398; --Vidal y Soler 490 (PNH, holo, lost; K, MA, iso), Luzon: Manila, San Mateo. New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, MINDORO, TICAO, PANAY, NEGROS, SIARGAO, BUCAS GRANDE. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  18. Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb., Nov. Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3 (1780) 201; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 405; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 419; --Type: from Japan. --Clerodendrum trichotomum var. esculentum Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 1 (1917) 29; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 47. --Clerodendrum trichotomum auct. non Thunb. ex J.A.Murray; --Merr. EPFP 3 (1923) 405. China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Cagayan & Isabela E coasts. Photos
  19. Clerodendrum villosum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 811; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 405; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 304; --Type: from Java. --Clerodendrum curranii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1846; --Type: Elmer 12860 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, GH, L, NY, U, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan Prov, Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), in good well-drained soil at 500ft, among light woods of the cogon formation, Mar-1911. Borneo, China, Java, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. CULION, PALAWAN, BALABAC, BANCALAN. Lowland thickets and old clearings. Photos
  20. Clerodendrum williamsii Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 684; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 406; --Type: Elmer 11149 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, GH, K, L, NY, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt. Apo, Jun-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, JOLO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Davao (Mt Apo). Medium elevation forests. Photos

Cultivated:

  1. Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. (1891) 586; --Siphonanthus indicus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 109. India and China to W Malesia.
  2. Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf., Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2, 15 (1862) 233; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 402; EPFP 3 (1923) 405. Native of tropical Africa. Widely cultivated in the Philippines for ornamental purposes but apparently not escaping. Photos

Clinopodium L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 September 2019

Photos
  1. Clinopodium umbrosum (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea 21 (1849) 673; --Satureja umbrosa (M.Bieb.) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 14 (1985) 306; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 361; --Calamintha umbrosa (M.Bieb.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Exc. 1 (1830) 329; --Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 123; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 410; --Melissa umbrosa M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2 (1808) 63; --Type: from Turkey. --Clinopodium javanicum (Blume) I.M.Turner, Phytotaxa 174 (2014) 242; --Ziziphora javanica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 822; --Type: from Java. --Stachys rubisepala Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 338; --Type: Elmer 8408 (PNH, holo, lost; GH, K, L, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio. Continental S Asia, Afghanistan, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Sumatra, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Photos

Coleus Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 October 2019   

Photos

  1. Coleus amboinicus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 372; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 344; Fl. Manila (1912) 410; EPFP 3 (1923) 418; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 50; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 387; --Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng., Syst. 2 (1825) 690; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 290. --Coleus suganda Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 483; Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1837) 337; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 259--Type: Merrill: Species Blancoanae No. 129 (K, neo), Luzon: Cavite Proc, Maragondong, Jul-1914. Possibly native in India. Not native to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Coleus apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2694; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 418; --Plectranthus apoensis (Elmer) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 147; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 387; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 291; --Type: Elmer 11601 (PNH, holo, ?lost; G, GH, K, L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao Prov, Mt Apo, Todaya, Sep-1909. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Open ridge thickets on fertile soil, in association with grasses, 1000m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11, as Plectranthus apoensis).
  3. Coleus galeatus (Vahl) Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec. (1832) 56; --Plectranthus galeatus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1 (1790) 43; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 292; --Type: from Java. --Coleus sparsiflorus Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2699; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 420; --Plectranthus sparsiflorus (Elmer) H.Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 391; --Type: Elmer 11646 (PNH, holo, lost; BM, G, K, L, MO, Z, iso), Mindanao: Mt Apo, Sep-1912. --Coleus scutellarioides auct. non (L.) Benth.; --Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2697. Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sumatra,  Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis, Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Damp mossy forests, 1000-1900m. Fl. Mar-Sep. Photos
  4. Coleus rotundifolius (Poir.) A.Chev. & Perrot, Vég. Utiles Afrique Trop. Franç. 1 (1905) 119; --Plectranthus rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng., Syst. 2 (1825) 690; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 388; --Germanea rotundifolia Poir., Encycl. 2 (1788) 763; --Type: from Mauritius. Native to Tropical Asia. Cultivated in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, throughout continental Asia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Moluccas. Only cultivated (Bramley 2019).
  5. Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1830) 16; --Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br., Prod. (1810) 506; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 389; --Ocimum scutellarioides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 833. --Coleus atropurpureus Benth. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 2 (1830-31) 16; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 418; --Type: from Singapore. --Calchas acuminatus (Benth.) P.V.Heath, Calyx 5 (1996) 160; --Coleus acuminatus Benth., Linnaea 6 (1831) 81; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 418; --Type: Cuming 1683 (K, neo; BM, K, P, TCD, isoneo), Samar, 1841. --Coleus multiflorus Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. (1832) 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Type: Perrottet s.n. (P, holo), Manila. --Coleus blumei Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. (1832) 56; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 410; EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Type: from Indonesia (lecto). --Coleus pumilus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 482; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 410;  EPFP 3 (1923) 420; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 190 (K, neo), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Pasig, Barrio of Pineda, Oct-1914. --Coleus grandifolius Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 482, nom. illeg., auct. non Benth.; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 786 (US, neo), Luzon: Manila. --Plectranthus monadelphus Llanos ex Fern.Vill. & Náves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 4 (1880) 104, nom. illeg., auct. non Roxb. --Coleus igolotorum Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genéve 2 (1898) 236; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Type: Callery 48 (G-DEL, holo; P, iso), Luzon: dans le pays de Igolotes. --Coleus gaudichaudii Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève (1898) 237; --Type: Gaudichaud s.n. (G-DEL, holo), Luzon: Manila, Dec-1836. --Coleus macranthus Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 234; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Plectranthus merrillii H.Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 391; --Type: Merrill 4502 (NY, US, isosyn); Merrill 4505 (US, isosyn); Merrill 4483 (US, isosyn), all from Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data. --Coleus macranthus Merr. var. crispipilus Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 234; --Coleus crispipilus (Merr.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Type: Merrill 4780 (PNH, holo, lost; BM, K, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Suyoc to Panai, Nov-1905, 2200m. --Coleus pubescens Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 432;  EPFP 3 (1923) 420; --Type: E. Zenix BS 3892 (PNH, holo, lost; M, iso), Babuyan: 17-Jun-1907. --Coleus zschokkei Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 382., EPFP 3 (1923) 320; --Type: Merrill 6529 (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, P, iso), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Mt Pulag, May-1909. --Coleus integrifolius Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2696; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 419; --Type: Elmer 13627 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, K, L, NY, P, iso), Mindanao: Agusan Prov, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta. --Coleus atropurpureus var. densiflorus Benth., Labiat. Gen. Spec. (1832) 54; --Type: Chamisso s.n. (K, syn), Manila, 1830. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia. Australia, China, India, Indochina, Myanmar, Polynesia, Solomon Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Photos

Cymaria Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 September 2019

No Photos
  1. Cymaria dichotoma Benth., Bot. Reg. Sub t. 1292 (1830); in Wall. Cat. 1829, no. 2080, nom. nud.; in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 1 (1830) 64; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 315; --Type: from Myanmar. --Cymaria acuminata Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 3 (1834) 399 (Herb. Timor. Descr. 1835, 71); --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 408; --Type: Cuming 446 (K, iso), Luzon. China, Indochina, Malesia (almost throughout), Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, JOLO, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Bukidnon, Davao. Low and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests.

Gmelina L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 September 2019

Photos
  1. Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm., in Rees, Cyclop. 16 (1810); Hort. Bengal. (1814) 46; Fl. Ind. ed. 3 (1832) 84. China, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Elsewhere extensively planted throughout tropical SE Asia including the Philippines. Naturalized in the Philippines. Photos
  2. Gmelina elliptica Sm. in Rees, Cyclop. 16 (1810) No. 2; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 399; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 306. Andaman Isls, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Palau Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. BASILAN, BOHOL, CEBU, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Quezon, MASBATE, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, TAWI-TAWI. Lowland thickets and secondary forests, common. Photos
  3. Gmelina palawensis H.J.Lam, Verbenac. Mal. Arch. (1919) 224. Photos
  4. Gmelina philippensis Cham., Linnaea 7 (1832) 109; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 406; EPFP 3 (1923) 399; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 306, as ‘philippinensis’; --Type: Roman-Zoffiana s.n. (LE, holo), Manila. --Gmelina asiatica Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 492, nom. illeg., auct. non L. --Gmelina inermis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 493. --Gmelina philippensis forma transitoria Moldenke, Phytologia 18 (1969) 210; --Type: PNH 11741 M.D. Sulit (US, holo; L, iso), Guimaras, Feb/Mar-1950. Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Benguet, Cagayan, Zambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, PANAY, GUIMARAS. Lowland and medium elevation thickets and secondary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Gomphostemma Wall. ex Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Gomphostemma javanicum (Blume) Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. (1835) 650; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 86; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 322; --Prasium javanicum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 840; --Type: from Java. --Gomphostemma philippinarum Benth. in DC., Prod. 12 (1848) 551; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 409; --Type: Cuming 840 (BM, E, DC, P, iso), Philippines. --Gomphostemma cinerea Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3086 (PNH, holo; BM, K, L, NY, P, U, US, iso), Luzon: Laguna Prov, Los Baños. Andaman Isls, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos

Holmskioldia Retz. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 September 2012

Photos
  1. Holmskioldia sanguinea Retz., Observ. Bot. (Retzius) 6 (1791) 31. Widely cultivated, not native to the Philippines. Naturalized? Photos

Hyptis Jacq. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Hyptis brevipes Poit., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 7 (1806) 465; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) suppl. 122; Fl. Manila (1912) 409; EPFP 3 (1923) 416; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 90; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 369; --Type: from Colombia. --Thymus biserratus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 478; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 478 (K, neo), Luzon: Batangas Prov, Aug-1914. --Pycnanthemum subulatum Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 333; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 478 (K, neo), Luzon: Batangas Prov, Aug-1914 (Note by P.B. Pelser: same neotype as Thymus biserratus in Suddee et al. 2004). --Hyptis brevipes Poit. var. serrata Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 2 (1898) 227; --Type: Cuming 1113 (G-DC, syn; K, TCD, isosyn), Luzon; Gaudichaud 175 (G-DEL, syn), Luzon: Manilla. Native of Mexico. Not native to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Hyptis capitata Jacq., Collect. 1 (1786) 102; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 409; EPFP 3 (1923) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 369. --Hyptis lanceolata auct. non Poir.; --Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Geneve 2 (1898) 225; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 416, quoad Cuming 591. --Pycnanthemum decurrens Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 333; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 472 (K, neo), Luzon: Rizal, Antipolo, Oct-1914. --Thymus virginicus auct. non L., --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 478. Native of the neotropics. Photos

Isodon (Schrad. ex Benth.) Spach

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Isodon coetsa (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2 (1929) 131; --Plectranthus coetsa Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 117; --Type: from Nepal. --Plectranthus javanicus (Blume) Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. (1832) 45; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 142; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 386; --Elsholtzia javanica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 825; --Type: from Java (lecto). --Plectranthus diffusus Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 235; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 382;  EPFP 3 (1923) 418; --Type: Merrill 4554 (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, iso), Luzon: Mountain Prov, Mt Data. --Moschosma philippinense Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3809, nom. nud. Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Prov.

Leonurus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Leonurus japonicus Houtt., Nat. Hist. II. Ix (1778) 366; --Christm. Pflanzensyst. 7 (1781) 501; Merr., Journ. Arn. Arb. 19 (1938) 363. --Leonurus sibiricus auct. non  L.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 412; EPFP 3 (1923) 412; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 98; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 336. Australia, Borneo, Java, China, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. BATAN, LUZON, MINDANAO.

Leucas R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link, En. Hort. Berol. 2 (1822) 113; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 410; --Keng, Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 8 (1978) 337; --Phlomis aspera Willd., Enum. Pl. (1809) 621. India, Indian Ocean, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, MINDANAO.
  2. Leucas chinensis (Retz.) Sm. in A.Rees, Cycl. 20 (1812) n. 8; --Phlomis chinensis Retz., Observ. Bot. 2 (1781) 19. India, Japan to Hainan, Philippines.
  3. Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) J. Sm., in Rees, Cycl. (1812) 20; --Keng, Fl.Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 567; --Phlomis decemdentata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3 (1800) 124. --Leucas flaccida R.Br., Prod. (1810) 505; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 340; --Type: from Australia. --Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth., in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 1 (1830) 62; --Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 5 c (1910) 381; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 411. --Leucas javanica Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. (1834) 611; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 412; EPFP 3 (1923) 410; --Type: from Java. Australia, China, Indochina, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. Photos
  4. Leucas lanata Benth. in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 61; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 230. China, Indochina, Pakistan, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte.
  5. Leucas lavandulifolia Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 20 (1812) n. 2; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 411; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 338; --Type: from India. --Leucas linifolia (Roth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. ed. 15, 2 (1825) 743; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8  (1978) 338; --Type: from India. --Phlomis zeylanica auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 475, as ' ceilanica'; Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 331; Fl. Filip., ed. 3 (1878) 248. Africa, China, India, Malesia (almost throughout), Philippines.
  6. Leucas leucocephala Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2 (1859) 981; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 233. Throughout S and SE Asia, throughout most of Malesia, ?Philippines.
  7. Leucas zeylanica (L.) R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 3 (1811) 409; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 411; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 101; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 337; --Phlomis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 586. Photos

Mentha L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

Photos
  1. Mentha canadensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 577; --Type: from Canada. --Mentha arvensis var. javanica (Blume) Hook.f., Fl. Br. Ind. 4 (1885) 648; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 411; EPFP 3 (1923) 413; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 111; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 343; --Mentha javanica Blume Bijdr. (1826) 826; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 413; --Type: from Java. --Mentha cordifolia auct. non Opiz ex Fresen; --Cantoria, PJS 97 (1968) 281; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8  (1978) 344. N America and Asia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, SAMAR. Photos

Mesona Blume = Platostoma

Mesosphaerum P.Browne [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2019

Photos
  1. Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 525; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 241; --Nepeta pectinata L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10 (1759) 1096; --Type: from Jamaica (lecto). Native of the Neotropics. Naturalized in the Philippines.
  2. Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 525; --Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 7 (1806) 472; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 409; EPFP 3 (1923) 417; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 98; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 372; --Ballota suaveolens L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 1100; --Type: from Jamaica (lecto). --Marrubium indicum auct. non Burm.f.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 477; Fl. Filip., ed 2 (1845) 352; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 250. Native of the Neotropics. Naturalized in the Philippines. Photos

  Moschosma Rchb. = Basilicum

Mosla Buch.-Ham. ex (Benth.) Maxim.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

No Photos
  1. Mosla dianthera (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 10 (1866) 457; --Lycopus diantherus Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 144. --Mosla formosana Maxim., Bull. Ac. Sc. St. Petersb. 20 (1875) 459; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 414; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 122; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 348. India, Japan, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON.

Nosema Prain = Platostoma

Ocimum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

Photos
  1. Ocimum africanum Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 370. --Ocimum americanum auct. non L.; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 125; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 376. Old World tropics and subtropics. Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. Hybrid between Ocimum americanum L. and Ocimum basilicum L.
  2. Ocimum basilicum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 833; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 433; Fl. Manila (1912) 407; EPFP 3 (1923) 421; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 127; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 377. --Ocimum citrodorum Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 591; Fl. Filip., ed. 3 (1878) 256; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 251. --Ocimum americanum auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 480; Fl. Filip., ed 2 (1845) 335; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 254. Throughout East and Southeast Asia, Philippines. Photos
  3. Ocimum tenuiflorum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 597; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 378. --Ocimum sanctum L., Mant. 1 (1767) 85; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 408; EPFP 3 (1923) 422; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 130. --Ocimum flexuosum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 481; Fl. Filip., ed 2 (1845) 335; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 255. --Ocimum album auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 479. --Ocimum virgatum auct. non Thunb.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed 2 (1845) 334; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 253. Throughout East and Southeast Asia, Australia, Philippines. Photos

Orthosiphon Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

Photos
  1. Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1858) 943; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 422; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 132; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 380; --Ocimum aristatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 833; --Type: from Java (lecto). --Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. var. angustifolia Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12 (1848) 53; --Type: Cuming 734 (K, syn). Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines. Photos

Paraphlomis Prain

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

Photos
  1. Paraphlomis javanica (Blume) Prain, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 9(1) (1901) 60; --Backer & Bakh. f., Fl. Jav. 2 (1965) 619; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 136; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 350; --Leonurus javanicus Blume, Catalogus (1823) 83; --Type: from Java. --Gomphostemma rugosum (Benth.) Prain., Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 3(2) (1891) 262; J. As. Soc. Beng. 74, 2 (1907) 721; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 412; -- Phlomis rugosa Benth. in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 63. --Gomphostemma luzonense Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 339; --Type: Elmer 7433 (K, L, Z, iso), Luzon: Tayabas, Lucban. Borneo, China, Himalayas, Indochina, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON. Photos

Petraeovitex Oliver

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 September 2019

No Photos
  1. Petraeovitex trifoliata Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 425; EPFP 3 (1923) 406; --Type: BS 708  Foxworthy (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Palawan, Mar/Apr-1906. --Petraeovitex ternata Hallier f., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 37 (1918) 85; --Type: Hallier 4722 (L, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga Prov, San Ramon. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests, ascending to 900m.

Platostoma P.Beauv.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 August 2019

Photos
  1. Platostoma clausum (Merr.) A.J.Paton, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 285; --Nosema clausa (Merr.) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 123; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 375; --Mesona clausa Merr., PJS 7 (1912) 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 420; --Type: Merrill 460 (PNH, holo, lost; GH, K, NY, iso), Culion. Endemic to the Philippines. CULION. Open damp places at low elevation. Fl. Oct, Dec.
  2. Platostoma hispidum (L.) A.J.Paton, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 273; --Gomphrena hispida L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 326. --Acrocephalus indicus (Burm.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 511; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 101; EPFP 3 (1923) 421; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 26; --Prunella indica Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 130; --Type: from India. --Acrocephalus indicus forma spicatus (C.B.Rob.) H.Keng; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 365; --Acrocephalus spicatus C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 356; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 421; --Type: Williams 2954 (A, K, NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Santa Cruz. China, India, Indochina, Malesia, Thailand, Philippines. Photos
  3. Platostoma palustre (Blume) A.J.Paton, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 281; --Mesona palustris Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 839; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 114; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 373; --Type: from Java. --Mesona philippinensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 101; EPFP 3 (1923) 420; --Type: Merrill 4500 (BM, K, iso), Luzon: Mt Data, Nov-1905. India, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON.

Plectranthus L’Her. = Coleus [Philippine species]

Pogostemon Desf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 October 2019

Photos
  1. Pogostemon auricularius (L.) Hassk., Tijd. Nat. Gesch. Phys. 10 (1843) 127, as ‘Pogonostemon’; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 180; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 356; --Dysophylla auricularia (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 826; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 415; --Mentha auricularia L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 81. India to China and Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, MINDANAO, PALAWAN.
  2. Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. in DC., Prod. 12 (1848) 146; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 411; EPFP 3 (1923) 414; --Mentha cablin Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 473; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 112 (US, neo; BM, K, L, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal, Antipolo. --Pogostemon nepetoides Stapf, Kew Bull. (1908) 116; --Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 415; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 305; --Type: Micholitz s.n. (K, holo), Philippines. --Pogostemon nepetoides var. glandulosus Merr., PJS c 7 (1912) 347; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 305; --Type: BS 13406 Ramos (L, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Bosoboso, San Isidro. --Mentha auricularia Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 329, nom. illeg., auct. non L.; Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 329; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 245. Widespread in tropics, incl. Fiji, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Mauritius, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Philipines. LEYTE, LUZON.
  3. Pogostemon heyneanus Benth. in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 2 (1830) 16; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 414; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 152; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 353; --Type: from India. Sri Lanka and continental SE Asia. Borneo, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Philippines. Possibly not native in Malesia. Also cultivated. PALAWAN, PANAY, MINDANAO.
  4. Pogostemon menthoides Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 825; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 156; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 355; --Type: from Java (lecto). Borneo, India, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON.
  5. Pogostemon philippinensis S.Moore, J. Bot. 43 (1905) 146; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 381; EPFP 3 (1923) 415; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 156; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 156; --Type: Vidal 3421 (K, lecto; A, isolecto), Panay: Iloilo. --Pogostemon membranaceus Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 414; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 308; --Type: BS 16419 Ramos (BM, holo; K, L, iso), Luzon: Laguna Prov, Capuan. --Pogostemon elatispicatus Bhatti & Ingr., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 27 (1997) 102; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 308; --Type: Edaño 18046 (BM, holo; L, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte Prov., Mt. Darna, Feb/Mar-1953. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Laguna, MINDORO, PANAY. Damp ravines, alluvial forests, thickets, also in the mossy forest, ascending to c. 2400m. Fl. Aug-Mar. Photos
  6. Pogostemon reticulatus Merr., PJS 8 c (1912) Bot. 348; EPFP 3 (1923) 415; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 155; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 355; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 310; --Type: FB 3395 Ahern's collector (BM, K, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Montalban. Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Low and medium elevation thickets and forests.
  7. Pogostemon velatus Benth. in DC. Prodr. 12 (1848) 155; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 415; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 159; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 355; --Type: Cuming 1097 (BM, K, L, iso), Luzon: Albay. --Pogostemon williamsii Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3197; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 311; --Type: Elmer 22225 (BM, BO, GH, K, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Zambales/Pampanga (Mt. Pinatubo). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay. Photos
  8. Pogostemon verticillatus (Benth.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2 (1859) 965; --Mentha verticillata (Benth.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey. 3 (1832) 5, nom. illeg., auct. non L.; --Dysophylla verticillata Benth. in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1 (1830) 30; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 416; --Type: Wallich 1543 (K, syn); Wallich 1544 (BM, K-W, syn). --?Pogostemon quadrifolius (Benth.) F.Muell., Fragm. 5 (1866) 200; --Dysophylla quadrifolia Benth. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 1 (1830) 30; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 415. --?Pogostemon stellatus var. roxburghianus (H.Keng) H.Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 352; --Dysophylla stellata var. roxburghiana H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 72. From India through SE Asia and China to Japan, most of Malesia. Australia, China, India, Japan, Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Davao, PANAY.
Imperfectly known:
  1. Pogostemon stellatus (Lour.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 529, as ‘stellatum’; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 352; --Mentha stellata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 361; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 314.

Premna L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 October 2019

Photos
  1. Premna herbacea Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 3 (1832) 485; Hort. Beng. (1814) 46, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 390. --Pygmaeopremna humilis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 225; --Type: BS 7841 Ramos (K, US, syn), Luzon: Cagayan Prov, 2-Apr-1909; BS 8124 Ramos (BM, K, NY, US, syn), Luzon: Isabela Prov, Ilagan, 29-Apr-1909. Australia, China, India, Myanmar, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Low and medium elevation open grasslands. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013).
  2. Premna oblongata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. ii. (1859) 893; --Type: from Java (neo). --Premna membranacea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 65; EPFP 3 (1923) 391; --Type: FB 1165 Ahern’s collector (NY, US, syn), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Bosoboso, Jun-1904; FB 3102 Ahern’s collector (K, NY, syn), same locality, Jun-1905. Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao. Low and medium elevation forests. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013).
  3. Premna odorata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 488; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 405; EPFP 3 (1923) 392; --Type: Tadena PNH 9602 (BRI, neo; BM, isoneo), Luzon: Laguna, Mt Makiling, 28-Feb-1949. --Premna vestita Schauer, Prodr. 11 (1847) 631; --Type: Cuming 599 (B, holo; BM, K, iso), Philippines. --Premna subscandens Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 230; Fl. Manila (1912) 405; EPFP 3 (1923) 393; --Type: FB 449 Ahern’s collector (BM, K, NY, US, syn), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo, Apr-1904; FB 443 Ahern’s collector (BM, K, NY, US, syn), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo, Apr-1904; FB 1095 W.W. Clarke (K, NY, US, syn), Ticao, May-1904; Merrill 1874 (K, NY, US, syn), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Bosoboso, Apr-1903. --Premna depauperata Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 231; EPFP 3 (1923) 390; --Type: Merrill 603 (PNH, holo; K, L, NY, US, iso), Culion: 30-Dec-1902. --Premna curranii H.J.Lam, Verbenaceae Malayan Archipel. (1919) 116; --Type: Curran 19022 (L, holo), Luzon: Manila, May-1909. --Premna oblongata Miq. var. puberula H.J.Lam, Verbenaceae Malayan Archipel. (1919) 127; --Type: Elmer 9388 (L, holo; K, iso), Luzon: Lucban, Tayabas, May-1907. --Premna depauperata Merr. var. serrulata Moldenke, Phytologia 5 (1954) 14; --Type: BS 41360 Lopez (PNH, holo, lost; BO, NY, iso), Culion: Oct-1922. --Premna subscandens Merr. var. minutiflora Moldenke, Phytologia 5 (1954) 20; --Type: FB 443 Ahern’s collector (NY, holo; BM, BO, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Antipolo, Apr-1904. India and Sri Lanka to S China and Australia. Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Philippines. Throughout the archipelago in most  islands and provinces. Common in lowland thickets and secondary forests. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013). Photos
  4. Premna pubescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 816; --Type: from Java. --Premna subscandens Merr. var. glabrescens Moldenke, Phytologia 8 (1962) 163; --Type: UC 310092 Ramos & Edaño s.n. (UC, holo), Luzon: Isabela Prov, San Mariano, Feb/Mar-1926. Australia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (San Mariano). Conservation status: Vulnerable B2, biii+iv (De Kok 2013).
  5. Premna regularis H.J.Lam, Verbenaceae Malayan Archipel. (1919) 131; --Type: from New Guinea (lecto). --Premna serratifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 342, nom. illeg., auct. non L. --Premna subrotundifolia Elmer ex H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 36; --Type: Elmer 16711 (BO, holo; BM, K, L, NY, U, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon Prov, Irosin, Mt Bulusan, Jul-1916. --Premna membranacea var. cordata Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 391; --Type: BS 34861 Ramos & Pascasio (PNH, holo, lost; K, US, iso), Siargao, Jun-1919. New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, LEYTE, SIARGAO, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Lowland forests, epiphytic climber or small tree. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013).
  6. Premna serratifolia L., Mant. 2 (1771) 253; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 423; --Type: from India. --Premna obtusifolia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 512; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 392; --Type: from Australia. --Premna integrifolia auct. non L.; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 121; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 431; Fl. Manila (1912) 405. --Premna nauseosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 489; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 405; EPFP 3 (1923) 391; --Premna integrifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed 2 (1845) 342, nom. superfl. --Premna congesta Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 232; EPFP 3 (1923) 390; --Type: FB 3281 Ahern’s collector (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Bosoboso, 6-Aug-1905. --Premna subglabra Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 234; EPFP 3 (1923) 393; --Type: Merrill 2243 (NY, K, isosyn), Mindoro: Polo, May-1903; Merrill 2165 (PNH, US, isosyn), Mindoro: Pinamalayan, May-1903; Whitford 670 (syn), Luzon: Tayabas, Atimonan, 19-Aug-1904; Whitford 671 (K, isosyn), Luzon: Tayabas, Atimonan, 19-Aug-1904. --Premna benguetensis C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 215; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 390; --Type: R.S. Williams 1086 (K, NY, PNH lost, US, syn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio, 10-Jun-1904; Williams 1207 (K, NY, PNH lost, syn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio, 21-Jun-1904. --Premna membranifolia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 391; --Type: Wenzel 114 (PNH, holo; BM, GH, US, iso), Leyte, Jaro, 8-Jun-1913. --Premna leytensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 302; EPFP 3 (1923) 391; --Type: Wenzel 1364 (PNH, holo; A, BM, GH, iso), Leyte: Leyte Prov Tigbao, near Tacloban, 14-Jun-1914. --Premna integrifolia subsp. dentatolabium H.J.Lam, Verbenaceae Malayan Archipel. (1919) 144-146; --Type: Elmer 11115 (K, lecto; BM, L, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya (Mt Apo), Jul-1909. --Premna atra Merr., Phytologia 2 (1941) 5; --Type: BS 41873 Ramos (A, holo; BM, K, L, P, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal Prov, Mt Irig (Irid), Feb-1923. --Premna dallachyana Benth., Fl. Austral. 5 (1870) 59; --Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7 (1984) 24. Widespread along coasts of tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia, Australia, and Pacific. Throughout the Philippines. Coastal thickets, scarcely occurring inland. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013). Photos
  7. Premna tomentosa Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 3 (1800) 314; --Type: from India. --Premna adenosticta Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 630; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 389; --Type: Cuming 1230 (B, holo; K, L, P, iso), Luzon; Albay Prov. --Premna cumingiana Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 634; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 390; --Type: Cuming 778 (K, L, MO, P, isosyn), Luzon: Tayabas, 1841; Cuming 1280 (A, BM, K, L, MO, P, isosyn), Luzon: Cagayan Prov (Note by Pelser 12-Apr-14: Albay, 1841 according to De Kok 2013). --Premna stellata Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 203; EPFP 3 (1923) 393; --Type: BS 24262 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, US, iso), Samar: Catubig River, 7-Feb-1916. --Premna cumingiana Schauer forma glabrescens Moldenke, Phytologia 5 (1954) 14; --Type: Miranda s.n. (BO 22106, holo), Basilan, Sep-1912. --Premna cumingiana Schauer forma dentata Moldenke, Phytologia 5 (1954) 14; --Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 681 (BO, holo; K, L, NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Bulacan Prov, Angat, Dec-1914. --Premna cumingiana Schauer forma cordata Moldenke, Phytologia 8 (1962) 162; --Type: BS 15630 M.S. Clemens (PNH, holo, lost; NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Jun-1924. India, Sri Lanka to China, Australia, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sumatra, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. Lowland and medium elevation secondary forests, ascending to 1000m. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013). Photos
  8. Premna trichostoma Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. ii. (1859) 892; --Type: from Java. --Premna oblongifolia Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 48; EPFP 3 (1923) 392; --Type: Elmer 5990 (BO, K, NY, P, US, isosyn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio, Mar-1904; Whitford 816 (syn), Luzon: Quezon prov, Infanta, Sep-1904. --Premna areolata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 73; EPFP 3 (1923) 389; --Type: BS 16179 Reillo (PNH, holo, lost; BM, K, L, US, iso), Basilan, 6-Sep-1912. --Premna williamsii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 74; EPFP 3 (1923) 393; --Type: R.S. Williams 2330 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga Prov, Sax  River, Feb-1905. Myanmar to Vietnam, south to New Guinea. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Quezon (Infanta), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga. In thickets on rocky slopes and in ravines among boulders, Low and medium elevation forests. Conservation status: Least Concern (De Kok 2013).

Salvia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Salvia coccinea Juss. ex Murr. in Comm. Goett. 1 (1778) 86; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1978) 359. Native of tropical America, cultivated in the tropics and occasionally escaping from cultivation. Naturalized in the Philippines. LUZON.
  2. Salvia misella Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2 (1818) 290. Native of tropical America. Naturalized in Malesia. LUZON: Quezon (Mt. Banahaw). Photos
  3. Salvia plebeia R.Br., Prod. (1810) 501; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 413; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 162; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 358; --Type: from Australia. --Salvia violacea auct. non Ruiz & Pav.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 14; --Fl. Filip., ed. 3 (1877) 27; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 343. Iran to Russia to Australia. Australia, Japan, Korea, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan.
  4. Salvia rosmarinus Schleid., Handb. Med.-Pharm. Bot. 1 (1852) 265. --Rosmarinus officinalis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 23; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 407; EPFP 3 (1923) 409; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 393. Native of the Mediterranean region. Cultivated in gardens for medicinal purposes. Rosemary. Cultivated only? Photos
  5. Salvia scapiformis Hance, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 368; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 413, as ‘scaphiformis’; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 161; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 357; --Type: from Taiwan. China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Philippines. LUZON. On cliffs, mossy banks, boulders and in ravines along small streams, 400-1500m. Fl. Mar-Sep.
  6. Salvia splendens Sellow ex Schult. in Roem. & Schult., Mant. Pl. Altera (1822) 185. Native of Brazil. Only cultivated in the Philippines?

Scutellaria L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Scutellaria indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 600. --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 409; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 167; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 325; --Type: from India (lecto). --Scutellaria copelandii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 349; --Type: Weber 1512, Mindanao: Cotabato. China, Hong Kong, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, MINDORO. Photos
  2. Scutellaria javanica Jungh., Java 1 (1853) 661; --Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 168; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 325; --Type: from Java. Photos

Cultivated:

  1. Scutellaria cordifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Benth. ex Hook., Bot. Mag. 73 (1847) t. 4290; --Perilomia cordifolia Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 6 (1831) 374. --Scutellaria splendens Link, Klotsch & Otto, Icon. Pl. Rar. Hort. Berol. 1 (1841) 31; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 326. Not naturalized?

Symphorema Roxb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Symphorema luzonicum (Blanco) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 162; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 3; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 122; Fl. Manila (1912) 400; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 406; --Litsea luzonica Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 284; Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 2 (1878) 162; --Type: Non extant; Llanos 69 (A, neo), Philippines. --Symphorema luzoniense (Turcz.) S.Vidal, Sin. Gen. Pl. Leños. Filip. (1883) t.75; --Sczegleewia luzoniensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36, 2 (1863) 213; ; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 365; --Type: Cuming 648 (E, iso), Luzon. --Symphorema glabrum Hassk., Flora 48 (1865) 402; --Type: Cuming s.n. (L, holo; BM, iso), Philippines. Tanimbar Isls, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Lowland secondary and primary forests. Photos

Tectona L.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Tectona grandis L.f., Suppl. (1781) 151; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 389. India to Indochina. Not native to the Philippines. Teak. Photos
  2. Tectona philippinensis Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2 (1876) 1152; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 389; --Jatus philippinensis (Benth, & Hook.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 508; --Type: Cuming 1432 (K, L, M, MO, S, iso), Philippines. --Diospyros tectona Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1845) 609, nom. nud.; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 367. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, ILIN (off SW coast of Mindoro Occidental Prov). Lowland secondary forests and thickets. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Teijsmanniodendron Koorders

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Teijsmanniodendron ahernianum (Merr.) Bakh., J. Arnold Arb. 16 (1935) 74; --Vitex aherniana Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1904) 18; EPFP 3 (1923) 394; --Type: Merrill 1007 (PNH, holo, lost; GH, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora Prov, Baler, Aug/Oct-1903. --Vitex curranii H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 207; --Type: FB 17463 Curran (PNH, holo, lost; L, iso), Negros: Oct-1909. --Vitex bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3798; --Type: Elmer 17004 (PNH, holo, lost; BM, L, NY 2 sheets, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon Prov, Mt Bulusan, Irosin, Aug-1916. Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Zambales, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, LUBANG, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Davao, Agusan, Surigao). Lowland and medium elevation forests. Photos
  2. Teijsmanniodendron bogoriense Koord., Ann. Jard. Buitenz. 19 (1904) 20; --Type: from Indonesia. --Teijsmanniodendron longifolium (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 398; --Vitex longifolia Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 227; --Type: FB 7574 Hutchinson (PNH, holo; K, US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao Prov, May/Jun-1907. --Vitex merrillii H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 212; --Type: BS 15906 Fenix (PNH, holo, lost; BM, K, L, NSW, iso), Mindanao: Butuan. Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Low and medium elevation forests. Photos
  3. Teijsmanniodendron holophyllum (Baker) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 97; --Vitex holophylla Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1896) 25; --Type: from Borneo. Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, New Guinea, Vietnam, Philippines. TAWI-TAWI.
  4. Teijsmanniodendron hollrungii (Warb.) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 103; --Vitex hollrungii Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 18 (1893) 208; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 380; --Type: from New Guinea. Borneo, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines.
  5. Teijsmanniodendron pteropodum (Miq.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 29; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 398; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Mal. 3 (1978) 309; --Vitex pteropoda Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 567; --Type: from Sumatra. --Teijsmanniodendron pteropodum (Miq.) Bakh. forma cristatum Moldenke, Phytologia 44(7) (1979) 473; --Type: from Borneo. --Vitex philippinensis Merr., Forest. Bur. Philip. Bull. 1 (1903) 52; --Type: Ahern 387 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, US 2 sheets, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur Prov, Malangas, Oct/Nov-1919. India, Nicobar Isls, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos), Zamboanga, Davao. Photos
  6. Teijsmanniodendron unifoliolatum (Merr.) Moldenke, Phytologia 4 (1952) 58; --Vitex unifoliolata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 438; EPFP 3 (1923) 398; --Type: BS 37048 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo; K, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur Prov, Malangas, Oct/Nov-1919. Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Forests along streams at low elevation.

Teucrium L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 October 2019

Photos
  1. Teucrium viscidum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 827; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 409; --Keng, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1978) 318; --Type: from Java. --Teucrium philippinense Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) 100; --Type: FB Curran 4935 (syn), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio; Vanoverbergh 1374 (syn), Luzon: Bontoc, Bauko. China, Hong Kong, India, Indochina, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province.

Thymus L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2017

Photos
  1. Thymus vulgaris L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 591. Native of S Europe. Stated to be cultivated in the Philippines and in Java.

Vitex L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2019

Photos
  1. Vitex bicolor Willd., Enum. Pl. 2 (1809) 660; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 400; --Vitex negundo L. var. bicolor (Willd.) H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay. Archipel. (1919) 191; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 395. --Vitex negundo L. var. philippinensis Moldenke, Phytologia 38 (1978) 308; --Type: Elmer 8125 (PNH, holo, lost; K, NY, holo), Luzon: Laguna Prov, Los Baños, Apr-1906. Australia, China, Malesia (throughout), Pacific, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Philippines.
  2. Vitex glabrata R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 512; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 394; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 310; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 22; --Type: from Australia. --Vitex pentaphylla Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 320; --Type: FB 9490 Whitford & Hutchinson (K, PNH lost, US, syn), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Norte Prov, Siocon River, Mar-1908; FB 11245 Hutchinson (PNH, US, syn), same locality, Mar-1908; R.S. Williams 2949 (PNH lost, NY, US, syn), Mindanao: Davao del Sur Prov, Sta Cruz, 16-Jun-1905. --Vitex nitida Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 343; --Type: FB 19546 Klemme (PNH, holo, lost; K, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental Prov, Tangob, growing near the mountains, 7-May-1911. Australia, India, Cambodia, Malesia (throughout), Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, CULION, PALAWAN, BALABAC, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, Cotabato, Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Lowland forests, seasonally flooded swamps, along rivers and streams, on sandy-clay, up to medium elevation. Fl. Aug-May, fr. Aug-Mar.
  3. Vitex negundo L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 638; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 404; EPFP 3 (1923) 394; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 311; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 426, Pl. 180; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 25; --Type: from India. --Vitex elmeri Moldenke, Phytologia 38 (1978) 307; --Type: Elmer 5611 (NY, holo), Luzon: La Union Prov, Bauang, Feb-1904. --Vitex negundo L. var. incisa (Lam.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1885) 584; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 395; --Vitex incisa Lam., Encycl. 2 (1788) 612; --Type: from China. China, India, Java, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. Low to medium elevation, along roadsides, dry river flood plains, waste places, thickets and secondary forests. Fl. & fr. throughout the year.  Photos
  4. Vitex parviflora Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 7 (1806) 76; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 404; EPFP 3 (1923) 395; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 26; --Type: in P-Herb. Jussieu (photo cited by de Kok), Philippines. --Vitex geniculata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 514; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 333. --Vitex latifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 514; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 333. --Vitex altissima Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 516, nom. illeg., auct. non L.f.; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 333. --Vitex glandulosa H.J.Lam, Verb. Malay Archipel. (1919) 199; --Type: Mangubat 1361 (BO, holo, photo K; L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite Prov, Mendez Nuñez, Aug-1906. --Vitex parviflora Juss. forma sterilis H.J.Lam ex Moldenke, Phytologia 6 (1957) 42-43); --Type: BS 1218 R.C. McGregor (BO, holo; NY, iso), Bohol: May-1906. --Vitex parviflora Juss. var. puberulenta Moldenke, Phytologia 3 (1951) 489; --Type: BS 1361 Mangubat (BO, holo; K, photo; L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite Prov, Mendez Nuñez, Aug-1906. Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Common in both secondary and primary forests, on clay loam or volcanic soils, over limestone or ultamafics at low elevation. Fl. Apr-Dec; fr. all year round. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Vitex pinnata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 638; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 311; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 28; --Type: from Sri Lanka. --Vitex pubescens L. ex Vahl, Symb. 3 (1794) 85; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 396; --Type: from Java. India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDORO, CULION, PALAWAN, TAWI-TAWI. Primary and secondary forests, pyrogenous parang vegetation. Lowlands generally. Fruits eaten by birds. Seeds do not germinate in shade. Fl. Nov-May (Aug); fr. Nov-Aug.  Photos
  6. Vitex quinata (Lour.) F.N.Williams, Bull. Herb. Boiss. ii, 5 (1905) 431; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 396; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 426; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 30; --Cornutia quinata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 387; --Type: from China. India to S China and Taiwan, Japan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Cotabato, Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Low elevation primary to secondary forests, sometimes on limestone. Fl. May-Dec; fr. Jul-Apr. Photos
  7. Vitex rotundifolia L.f., Pl. Syst. Veg. (1781) 294; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 428; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 413; --Type: from Japan. --Vitex trifolia var. ovata (Thunb.) Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 17 (1903) 92, nom. superfl.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 397; --Vitex ovata Thunb. in J.A.Murray, Syst. Nat. ed. 14 (1784) 578; --Type: from China. --Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia Cham., Linnaea 7 (1832) 107; --Type: Chamisso s.n. (LE, holo, photo in K), Luzon: Cavite Prov, Dec-1817 to Jan-1818. --Vitex repens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 513; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 332. --Vitex trifolia ssp. littoralis Steenis, Blumea 8 (1957) 516; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 32; --Type: from Lesser Sunda Isls. Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, China, Thailand, Malesia (throughout), Australia, Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines. On littoral sandy beach, common. Photos
  8. Vitex trifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 638; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 404; EPFP 3 (1923) 397; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 311; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 428; --de Kok, Kew Bull. 63 (2008) 32; --Type: from India. Widespread in Australia, Pacific, and SE Asia, Philippines. Photos
  9. Vitex turczaninowii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 77; EPFP 3 (1923) 397; --Bramley et al. Taxon 58 (2009) 508; --Viticipremna philippinensis (Turcz.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 47; --Premna philippinensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(2) (1863) 215; --Type: Cuming 1294 (MEL, lecto; BM, K, NY, PNH, isolecto), Philippines: 1841. --Vitex cumingiana Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 31 (1858) 416; --Type: Cuming 1173 (MO), Luzon. --Vitex luzonica H.J.Lam in H.J.Lam & Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 3 (1921) 61; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 394; --Type: Ahern 706Q (BO, holo; NY, iso), Luzon. Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, TICAO, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao. Lowland forests. Photos

Doubtful name:

  1. Vitex leucoxylon Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 516; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 332; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 420. Perhaps based on material of Vitex negundo and Vitex parviflora.

Viticipremna H.J.Lam. = Vitex

Volkameria  L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2019

Photos
  1. Volkameria inermis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 637; --Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. 1 (1788) 271; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 401; --Kochummen, Tree Fl. Malaya 3 (1978) 304; --Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 417; --Type: from India. --Clerodendron commersonii Spreng., Syst. 2 (1825) 758; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 403. --Clerodendron capsulare Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 509; --Bramley, Fl. Males. ser 1, 23 (2019) 422; --Type: Anonymus s.n. (PNH, holo, lost); Ramos s.n. (Merrill Species Blancoanae 813; US, neo), Luzon: Batangas, Santiago trail. Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, across Malesia to Australia and Polynesia, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. Along seashore and tidal streams. Photos

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Acknowledgements

Herbert Banados Jr., Benigno Resurreccion, Ravan Schneider, Danilo Tandang, and Adriane Tobias kindly contributed some of the photographs on this webpage. Gemma Bramley identified many of the Callicarpa photos. James Wearn provided identifications for Clerodendrum photos.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 3 November 2019