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Melastomataceae

including Memecylaceae

Anerincleistus Korth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018

Photos
  1. Anerincleistus philippinensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 337; EPFP 3 (1923) 190; --Type: Merrill 9412 (L, lecto; NY, SING, isolecto), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, May-1913; --Type: Merrill 7241 (= Phil. Pl. 408) (L, US, syn), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, in thin forests at 2-5m, on hillsides near the sea, 18-Sep-1910; Merrill 9552 (syn), Palawan: Mt Capoas, 21-Apr-1913. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary forests, sea-level to 800m.

Astrocalyx Merr.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 September 2017

Photos
  1. Astrocalyx calycina (S.Vidal) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 203; EPFP 3 (1923) 211; --Astronia calycina S.Vidal, Revis. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 136; --Pharmacum calycinum (S.Vidal) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 954; --Type: Vidal 780 ('781') (A, K, L, MA, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Bulusan. --Astrocalyx pleiosandra Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 203; --Type: Aguilar FB14349bis (K, US, iso), Luzon: Camarines, near Daet, forest near the Maniba River. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Norte (Maniba River near Daet), Albay, Rizal, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, LEYTE (Dagami) SAMAR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Norte, ?Misamis Occidental. Primary forests, often in damp areas, 550-1700m. Genus is a Philippine endemic. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Astronia Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018

Photos
  1. Astronia acuminatissima Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 206; --Type: Philip. Pl. 357 (Ramos), (PNH, holo, lost; US), Luzon: Rizal prov., San Isidro, Jun-1910. --Astronia parvifolia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 351; EPFP 3 (1923) 209. --Astronia sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 26; EPFP 3 (1923) 210. Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Astronia alata Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 105; --Type: BS 40598 Ramos & Edano (A, holo; L, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon, Mar-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Mossy montane forest, 1800m.
  3. Astronia apoensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1206; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 207; --Type: Elmer 11427 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, E, L, US, Z, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, 1675m, Aug-1909. --Astronia mearnsii Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 208. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Mountain forest, often along streams, 1800-2065m.
  4. Astronia benguetensis Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 106; --Type: Celestino 4381 (L, holo; A, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulog, Bokod, 2000m. --Astronia mearnsii Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 340; --Type: FB 4699 Mearns & Hutchinson (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang, 1800m, May-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Forest near creek, c. 2000m.
  5. Astronia candolleana Cogn. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 7 (1891) 1099; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 207; --Type: Cuming 850 (E, G, L, LE, MO), Luzon: Albay prov, 1837. --Astronia platyphylla Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 355; EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: BS 16545 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; BO, L, US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., San Antonio, 2-Oct-1912. --Astronia tetragona Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 210; --Type: FB 25204 Alvarez (PNH, holo, lost), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Lanao-Cotabato Trail, in dipterocarp forest, c. 1000m, 21-Mar-1916. --Astronia zambalensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3202; --Type: Elmer 22065 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, MO, SING, Z, iso), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Zambales Mtns, Mt Pinatubo, 1220m, May-1927. --Astronia bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3653, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Type: Elmer 17036 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, Z, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Bulusan, 610m, Nov-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Benguet, Sierra Madre Range from Cagayan to Quezon, Zambales Range, Bataan, Laguna, Albay, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY, MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forest, damp areas; lowland to 1350m. Photos
  6. Astronia cumingiana S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 174; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 207; --Type: Cuming 999 (PNH, holo, lost; E, L, MO), Luzon: Albay (Prov. Pangasana). --Astronia foxworthyi Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3091; --Type: Elmer 17964 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Maquiling, middle elevation, Jun/Jul-1917. Endemic to the Philippines.
  7. Astronia dioica Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 343; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: BS 15293 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost), Leyte: Mt Ibuni, near Dagami, Aug-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, SAMAR, LEYTE. Primary forest, up to 500m.
  8. Astronia ferruginea Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1205; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: Elmer 11426 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, E, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, 1675m, Aug-1909. --Astronia ferruginea var. ampla Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: BS 18900 Miranda (PNH, hololecto, lost; L, isolecto), Basilan: Comalarang River, Sep-1912. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON, BASILAN, MINDANAO. Primary forest; 500-2000m. Photos
  9. Astronia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1202; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: Elmer 12518 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, E, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (Magdiwang), 1450m, May-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Ridge in primary forest, c. 1450-1600m.
  10. Astronia glauca Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: Elmer 6294 (PNH, holo, lost; SING, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, May-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON (Cordillera Highlands). Primary forest and thickets; 700-1600m.
  11. Astronia katangladensis Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 109; --Type: PNH 9936 Sulit (A, holo; L, PNH, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mt Kitanglad, 1800m, 27-Feb-1949. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO (known only from the type collection). Mossy forest, c.1800m.
  12. Astronia lagunensis Merr., PJS 1 suppl. (1906) 213; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: Merrill 5144 (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling, 1100m, 17-Mar-1906. --Astronia loheri Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: Loher 6294 (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Rizal prov., Angilog, Mar-1906. --Astronia consanguinea Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 338; EPFP 3 (1923) 207; --Type: BS 29215 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Infanta-Siniloan Trail, forest along small stream, 12-Jun-1917. --Astronia verruculosa Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 210; --Type: Philip. Pl. 1569 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, MO, NY, SING, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Mt Isarog, mossy forest near summit, c. 1900m, 23-Nov-1913. --Astronia pacifica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3654, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Voucher: Elmer 16526 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, US, Z, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, 915m, Jul-1916. Endemic to the Philippines.
  13. Astronia megalantha Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 208; --Type: BS 15258 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., near summit of Mt Buraui, near Dagami, 13-Aug-1912. --Astronia negrosensis Merr., PJS 8 (1913) Bot. 348; EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: FB 4298 Everett (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Negros: Iruiogaan River, 150m, Jun-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos
  14. Astronia meyeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1905) 51; EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: FB 2840 Meyer (PNH, holo, lost; BO, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, 22-Nov-1904. --Astronia badia Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 26; EPFP 3 (1923) 207. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR, PANAY. Primary and mossy forests, 300-1150m.
  15. Astronia pulchra S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 136; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: Vidal 345 (PNH, holo, lost; A, L, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Mt Iriga. --Astronia pulchra var. obovata Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 350; EPFP 3 (1923) 210; --Type: BS 5013 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Mt Tapulao, Nov-1907. --Astronia cuernosensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1204; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: Elmer 10234 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, E, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, 1220m, Jun-1908. --Astronia bicolana Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3651. Endemic to the Philippines. BATANES, LUZON, MINDORO, BILIRAN, LEYTE, NEGROS, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Montane forests, often mossy, 550-2400m. Photos 
  16. Astronia quadrangulata Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 111; --Type: Jacobs 7353 (SING, holo; A, L, MO, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Mt Pulog, mossy forest bordering open grassland, on sandy loamy soil, 2500-2700m, 6-Feb-1968. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Mt Pulog). Primary forest, mossy areas, 2250-2700m. Known only from the type collection. Photos 
  17. Astronia rolfei S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 174; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 210; --Type: Cuming 1723 (PNH, holo, lost; K, L, iso), Samar: 1837. --Astronia rolfei var. furfuracea Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 210; --Type: FB 17180 Curran (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov, Misiones River. --Astronia lucbanensis Ekmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1201; --Type: Elmer 7807 (PNH, hololecto, lost; A, BO, E, L, MO, US, Z, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, Mt Banahaw, 610m, May-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES, SAMAR, LEYTE, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Mountain forest, c. 700m.
  18. Astronia scabrida Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 113; --Type: BS 38555 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo; L, US, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon prov., Mt Lipa, Jun/Jul-1920. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. 
  19. Astronia viridifolia Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1203; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 211; --Type: Elmer 12281 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, E, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (Magdiwang), 305m, Apr-1910. --Astronia purpuriflora Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3656, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Voucher: Elmer 16350 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, 305m, Jun-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, SAMAR, BILIRAN, LEYTE, PANAY. Primary, often dipterocarp, forests, 100-800m.
  20. Astronia williamsii Merr. ex C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) 214; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 211; --Type: Williams 722 (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Mar-1904. --Astronia piperi Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 354; EPFP 3 (1923) 209; --Type: Wenzel 222 (PNH, holo, lost; A, MO, US, Z, iso), Leyte: Dagami, 21-Jun-1913. --Astronia merrillii Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3091; --Type: Elmer 18430 (PNH, holo, lost; A, BO, L, MO, US, Z, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., summit Mt Makiling, Jul-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. Photos

Beccarianthus Cogn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018

Photos
  1. Beccarianthus ickisii Merr. PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 358; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 211; --Type: Merrill 7342 (PNH, holo, lost; BO, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Butuan, 50m, 2-Oct-1910. --Beccarianthus ickisii var. setosus Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 278; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: Wenzel 1015 (PNH, holo, lost; A, MO, iso), Leyte: Leyte prov., Buenavista near Jaro, 500m, 13-Jul-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, CATANDUANES, PANAY, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), LEYTE (Buenavista near Jaro), SAMAR, SIARGAO, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Umuwayan River near Waloe). Moist primary forests, 50-500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Beccarianthus octodontus (Merr.) Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 155; --Everettia octodonta Merr., PJS 13 (1918) Bot. 315; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: BS 30556 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Catanduanes: Sto Domingo River, low elevation, 3-Dec-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Lowland forest.
  3. Beccarianthus puberulus (Merr.) Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 155; --Beccarianthus ickisii var. puberulus Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 343; EPFP 3 (1923) 211; --Type: BS 29230 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Infanta-Siniloan Trail, 12-Jun-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Infanta-Siniloan trail). Damp primary forest on ridge at low elevation. Photos
  4. Beccarianthus pulcherrimus (Merr.) Maxw., Blumea 35 (1990) 155; --Everettia pulcherrima Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 357; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: FB 4690 Mearns & Hutchinson (PNH, holo, lost; US, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang, 1400m, May-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, SAMAR, LEYTE (Dagami), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Silay; Kanlaon Volcano), Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Davao (Mt Apo). Primary forests, 300-1400m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

 Carionia Naudin = Medinilla

 Cephalomedinilla Merr. = Medinilla

Clidemia D.Don [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 June 2013

Photos
  1. Clidemia hirta D.Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. iv. (1823) 309. Not native to the Philippines. Photos

Creochiton Blume

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

Photos
  1. Creochiton bracteata (Quisumb. & Merr.) Veldk., Blumea 24 (1978) 438; --Eisocreochiton bracteata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 177; --Type: BS 45610 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; BM, BO, K, NY, SING, US, iso), Luzon: Quirino prov., Mt Alzapan, c. 1700m, climbing on trees on forested slopes, 24-May-1925. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino. Montane forests. Only known from type.
  2. Creochiton diptera Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1192; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 190; --Type: Elmer 9813 (PNH, holo, lost?; E, MO, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete (Cuernos Mts). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Hilong-hilong). Low and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1200m. Local name: Buyon-Buyon.
  3. Creochiton rosea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 32; EPFP 3 (1923) 191; --Type: Copeland 1297 (PNH, holo, lost?; K, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Apr-1904. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photos by Pelser & Barcelona), Zamboanga, Davao (Mt Apo). Primary forests, 800-1200m. Local name: Isag. Photos

Diplectria (Blume) Rchb. = Dissochaeta

Dissochaeta Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2018

Photos
  1. Dissochaeta acmura Stapf & M.L.Green, Kew Bull. (1913) 42; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 191; --Type: Cuming 2838 (K, lecto), Luzon: Albay. Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, CEBU, DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan), Zambales, BASILAN, BUCAS GRANDE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Sur, SAMAR. Lowland damp primary forests. Photos
  2. Dissochaeta axillaris Cogn., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48 (1912) 108; --Type: from Borneo. Borneo, Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO (St. Cruz Isl), JOLO.
  3. Dissochaeta biligulata Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot. (1844) 240; --Type: from Sumatra. Cambodia, Nicobar Isls, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  4. Dissochaeta bracteata (Jack) Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 495; --Melastoma bracteatum Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14 (1823) 9, as 'bracteata'; --Type: from Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Peninsular Malaysia, Moluccas, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. PANAY.
  5. Dissochaeta celebica Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 36; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 191; --Type: from Sulawesi. --Dissochaeta subviridis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1193; --Type: Elmer 10577 (GH, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, CAS, E, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, U, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Scandent and overtopping small trees and thickets in moist woods at 3500ft, south of Calelan Mtns, May-1909. Sulawesi, Philipines. Photos
  6. Dissochaeta cumingii Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iii, 15 (1851) 75, as ‘cummingii’; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 191; --Type: Cuming 1344 (P, lecto; BM, K, L, isolecto), Luzon: Albay. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay. According to Kartonegoro et al. (2018) known only from the type collection.
  7. Dissochaeta divaricata (Willd.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 2 (1832) 783; --Melastoma divaricatum Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2 (1799) 596; --Type: from India. --Diplectria furfurascens (Elmer) Nayar, Blumea 24 (1978) 413; --Dissochaeta furfurascens Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2754; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 191; --Type: Elmer 13352 (BO, lecto; BISH, BM, E, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, NA, NY, P, PNH, U, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). --Anplectrum suluense Merr., PJS c 30 (1926) 417; --Type: BS 44461 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; L, NY, isolecto), Jolo, Sep-1924. Laos, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. JOLO, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, (Mt McKinley), PALAWAN. Thickets and forests, 600-900m. Photos
  8. Dissochaeta stipularis (Blume) Backer ex Clausing in S.S.Renner et al., Fl. Thailand 7 (2001) 431; --Melastoma stipulare Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind 17 (1826) 1073; --Type: from Java. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN.

 Eisocreochiton Quisumb. & Merr. = Creochiton

 Everettia Merr. = Beccarianthus

Heterotis Benth. [Not native]

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 October 2013

Photos
  1. Heterotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Jacq.-Fél., Adansonia sér. 2, 20 (1981) 417; --Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 28 (1871) 58; --Osbeckia rotundifolia Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 25. (1813) n. 204. Native of Africa. Naturalized in Philippines. Photos

Lijndenia Zoll. & Moritzi

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2018

Photos
  1. Lijndenia laurina Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Zoll. 9. --Memecylon oligoneurum Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1851) 353; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 215. Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, SAMAR. Lowland and medium elevation forests. Photos

Medinilla Gaudich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018

Photos
  1. Medinilla amplifolia Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 192; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 136. Endemic to the Philippines. N LUZON. Damp ravines or wet slopes of mossy forests at 800-1500m. Photos
  2. Medinilla annulata C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 215; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 215; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 183. --Medinilla brevipedunculata Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1216; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 194. --Medinilla longipes Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 278; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 198. Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, LEYTE. Primary forests, 0-500(-900)m. Photos
  3. Medinilla antonii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2756; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 192; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 155. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Primary forests, c. 1000m.
  4. Medinilla apayaoensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 343; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 192; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 141; --Type: BS 28142 Fenix (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BM, CAL, K, L, NY, P, isolecto), Luzon: Apayao prov., Ngagan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  5. Medinilla apoensis C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 207; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 140. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis, Davao (Mt Apo). Mossy forests, 1500-1800(-2300)m. Photos
  6. Medinilla astronioides Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. 28 (1871) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 150. --Medinilla acuminata Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 238; EPFP 3 (1923) 192. --Medinilla negrito Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3203. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, MINDANAO. Open areas or exposed forest slopes at 500-1500m. Photos
  7. Medinilla aurantiflora Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1208; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 153. --Medinilla confertiflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 296; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 195. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN, PANAY: Aklan (Libacao), NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Kanlaon), Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns). Primary forests along rivers and streams, 900-1000m. Photos
  8. Medinilla banahaensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1225; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 134. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon (Mt Banahaw), MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Mossy forests, 1200-2000m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  9. Medinilla benguetensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1207; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 167; --Type: Elmer 8435 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, BM, CAL, CAS, F, FI, G, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Camarines Sur (Mt Isarog). In Benguet reported on limestone.
  10. Medinilla binaria Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1211; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 135. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), CEBU. Mossy forests, c. 1800m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  11. Medinilla bolsteri Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 214; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Type: Ahern's collector FB 3262 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Considered as a synonym of Medinilla astronioides by Regalado (1995), but possibly distinct (P. Quakenbush, 18-Sep-16). Photos
  12. Medinilla brevipes Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 241; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 147; --Type: BS 13179 Foxworthy & Ramos (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Quezon prov., Quinatacutan River; BS 28833 Ramos & Edaño (US, neo), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Binuang. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY. Primary lowland forests, 0-500m. Photos
  13. Medinilla calcicola Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 244; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 175; --Type: Weber 1574 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; CAS, GH, isolecto), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Abulug River. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Known only from the type collection. Lowland forests on limestone. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  14. Medinilla calelanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1209; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 129; --Type: Elmer 11406 (holo PNH, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, CAS, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (Mt Candoon and Mt Lipa), Davao (Mt Apo; Mt Calelan). Mossy forests along streams, 1800-2300m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  15. Medinilla capitata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 295; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 174; --Type: BS 35179 Ramos & Pascasio (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, L, UC, isolecto), Dinagat. Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT. Lowland dipterocarp forest under shade, 0-100m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  16. Medinilla cephalophora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 250; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 151. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, PANAY, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests, (200-)600-800m. Photos
  17. Medinilla clementis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 208; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 145. --Medinilla polisensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 349; EPFP 3 (1923) 203. --Medinilla cordatifolia Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1226. LUZON: Kalinga, Ifugao (Mt Polis), Mountain Province, Benguet, Isabela, Rizal, Sorsogon, Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley), Bukidnon, Mt. Apo. Exposed ridges or slopes, along streams in mossy forests or on summits at 1000-2000(-2300)m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  18. Medinilla compressicaulis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 238; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 137. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra (trail to Balbalasang), Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet. Mossy forests, 1000-2200m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  19. Medinilla congesta Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 251; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 185. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya (Mt Palali), Rizal, Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), NEGROS. Mossy forests, 800-1700m. Photos
  20. Medinilla cordata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 186. --Medinilla macgregorii Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 346; EPFP 3 (1923) 199. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY: Antique (Mt Madia-as). Mossy forests, often common on summits of higher mountains in N Luzon at 2000-2500m. Photos
  21. Medinilla coriacea Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 35; EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 166; --Type: Whitford 228 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; L, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles. --Medinilla rotundifolia Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2757; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Type: Elmer 13738 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, CAS, GH, L, MICH, MO, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta. --Medinilla wenzelii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 281; EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Type: Wenzel 941 (holo, PNH, lost; MO, lecto; A, BM, F, GH, NY, isolecto), Leyte: Buenavista, Jaro. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino, Bataan (Mt Mariveles), Rizal; LEYTE (Buenavista, Jaro), MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Humid primary forests, 500-750(-1000)m. 
  22. Medinilla coronata Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 149; --Carionia elegans Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot iii 15 (1851) 312; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 191. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Mt Cetaceo), Ifugao (Mt Polis), Benguet, Pampanga. Thickets & forests, 1000-1700m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  23. Medinilla crassata Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1208; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 163; --Type: Elmer 9311 (PNH, holo, lost; L, lecto; NY, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Banahaw, Lucban. --Medinilla gracilipes Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 236; EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Type: Loher 6275 (PNH, holo, lost; M, lecto), Luzon: Rizal prov., Angilog. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon. Mossy forests, 800-1200m. Photos
  24. Medinilla crassifolia (Reinw. ex Blume) Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 511; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 164; --Type: from Java. Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines. PANAY (known only by one specimen, BS 31215 Ramos & Edaño).
  25. Medinilla cuernosensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1221; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 176; --Type: Elmer 10227 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, CAS, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns. --Medinilla oligantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 280; EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Type: Wenzel 1145 (PNH, holo, lost; A, lecto), Leyte: Leyte prov., Jaro, Masaganap. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland dipterocarp forest under shade at 200m and in dense forests along streams at 1000-1500m. Photos
  26. Medinilla cumingii Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot. III, 15 (1851) 292; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 127; --Type: Cuming 836 (holo P; BM, K, L, iso). --Medinilla peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3667, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Vouchers: Elmer 14963 (A, G, GH, L, MICH, MO, NY, PNH, S, U, UC, US); Elmer 16403 (A, G, GH, L, NY, PNH, S, U, UC, US). --Medinilla vanoverberghii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 94; EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Type: Vanoverbergh 448 (holo PNH, lost; G, lecto; F, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cordillera Highlands, Nueva Ecija, Quezon (Mt Banahaw), Albay, Sorsogon. In mossy forest, 700-1000m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  27. Medinilla curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 302; EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 160; --Type: FB 12289 Curran (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Caramoan. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON: Quezon, Camarines Sur (Caramoan). Lowland forests.
  28. Medinilla dallciana Fernando & Balete, PJS 142 (2013) 89; --Type: Balete, Sarmiento, & Buenviaje 06-09 (CAHUP, holo; K, PNH, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur, Lagonoy, Saddle Peak, 950m, 29-Feb-2008. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  29. Medinilla disparifolia C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 351; EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 181. --Medinilla loheri Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 248; EPFP 3 (1923) 198. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon. Along streams and riverbanks in forests, 300-800m. Photos
  30. Medinilla dolichophylla Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 214; EPFP 3 (1923) 196; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 143. --Medinilla subdolichophylla Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1220; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 204. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cordillera and Sierra Madre Mtn Ranges, Kalinga, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Benguet (Baguio), Isabela. Over limestone outcrops in pine forests or in mossy forests between 1000-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  31. Medinilla elegans Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1213; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 162; --Type: Elmer 11311 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo). Primary forests, 1200-1300m.
  32. Medinilla erythrotricha Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1222; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 178; --Type: Elmer 10537 (PNH, holo, lost; US lecto; A, BISH, DS, GH, L, MO 2 sheets, NA, NY, U, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. --Medinilla attenuata Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1223; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Type: Elmer 11740 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; BISH, GH, L, MO, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Damp forests, 1400-1800m. Photos
  33. Medinilla fenicis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 344; EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 186. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Benguet. Damp rocky slopes above 1000m. Photos
  34. Medinilla ferruginea Merr., PJS 17 (1920) Bot. 297; EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 180; --Type: BS 35217 Ramos & Pascasio (US, lecto), Dinagat, forest at low elevation, May-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, SAMAR, DINAGAT, BUCAS GRANDE. Sea-level to 300m. Photos
  35. Medinilla furfuracea Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 245; EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 162; --Type: BS 15224 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US lecto), Leyte: Leyte prov., Dagami. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Lowland primary forests, 0-200m.
  36. Medinilla halconensis Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 287; EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 175; --Type: Merrill 5642 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; GH, K, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon. --Medinilla longidens Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 345; EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Type: BS 28422 Fenix (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; K, NY, P, isolecto), Luzon: Apayao prov., Mt Sulu. --Medinilla microphylla Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 288; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Type: Merrill 5599 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; G, K, NY, P, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Halcon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, PANAY. In forests, 800-1100m. Photos
  37. Medinilla inaequifolia C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) 216; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 180. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, POLILLO. Damp primary forests, 150-800m. Photos
  38. Medinilla lagunae S.Vidal, Cat. Pl. Prov. Manila (1880) 31, nom. nud.; Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 27; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 173; --Type: Cuming 1333 (K, holo; L, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES. Forests along streams, 700-1500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  39. Medinilla leytensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 279; EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 174; --Type: Wenzel 1140 (PNH, holo, lost; A, lecto; NY; isolecto), Leyte: Leyte prov., Jaro, Masaganap. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Primary forests, 100-500(-650)m. Photos
  40. Medinilla magnifica Lindl. in Paxton, Fl. Gard. 1 (1850) 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 133. Moluccas, Philippines. BATAN (Mt Iraya), BABUYAN ISLS (CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Rizal, Laguna (Mt Makiling), Quezon, MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental (Mt Halcon), PANAY, NEGROS: Negros Oriental (Cuernos Mtns), MINDANAO. Lowland to montane cloud forests, 300-1400m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  41. Medinilla malindangensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 250; EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 156. --Medinilla permicrophylla Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1230; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 202. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (Mt Cetaceo; Co 5696), MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang), Davao (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Primary forests, 1300-2000m. Photos
  42. Medinilla mearnsii Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 230; EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 159; --Type: FB 4656 Mearns & Hutchinson (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental (Mt Malindang). Primary forests, 900-1000m. Photos
  43. Medinilla megacalyx Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 36; EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 159. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal. Mossy forests at mid-elevations. Photos
  44. Medinilla membranacea Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 346; EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 156; --Type: BS 28361 Fenix (PNH, holo, lost; A, BM, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Apayao prov., Mt Sulu. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao (Mt Sulu). Damp forests on rocky slopes, c. 800m. Only known from the type collection.
  45. Medinilla merrittii Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 166. --Medinilla megacarpa Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 237; EPFP 3 (1923) 199. --Medinilla piperoides Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3668, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, CATANDUANES, MINDORO (Mt Halcon), LEYTE, MINDANAO. Forests, 900-1600m. Photos
  46. Medinilla microcephala Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 181; --Cephalomedinilla anisophylla Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 205; EPFP 3 (1923) 206, auct. non Merr. & L.M.Perry. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, CATANDUANES, SAMAR. Primary forests, 500-1000m. Photos
  47. Medinilla mindorensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 302; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 145. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO. Forested ridges and slopes of mossy forests or on summits at 600-1500m. Photos
  48. Medinilla miniata Merr., PJS 9 c (1908) Bot. 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 130; --Type: Wenzel 653 (holo PNH, lost; MO, lecto; A, CAS, GH, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, CATANDUANES, LEYTE. Primary forest along streams, 350-500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  49. Medinilla multialata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 178; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 160; --Type: BS 49447 (PNH, holo, lost; US lecto; NY, UC, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Davao (Mt Apo), Davao Oriental (Mt Mayo). Damp forested slopes, c. 1000m. Photos
  50. Medinilla multiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 35; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 139. --Medinilla camiguinensis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 233; EPFP 3 (1923) 194. --Medinilla canlaonensis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 239; EPFP 3 (1923) 194. --Medinilla myriantha Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 215; EPFP 3 (1923) 200. --Medinilla negrosensis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 240; EPFP 3 (1923) 201. --Medinilla vulcanica Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 205. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, CAMIGUIN. Damp slopes, in mossy forests, or on summits of volcanic mountains at 800-1000m. Photos
  51. Medinilla multinervia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 247; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 163; --Type: BS 15386 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; BM, G, K, isolecto), Leyte: Dagami, Mt Ibuni. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Known only from the type collection. Damp forests along stream at mid-elevations.
  52. Medinilla myrtiformis (Naudin) Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. 28 (1871) 86; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 167; --Anplectrum myrtiforme Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. 3, 15 (1850) 305; --Type: Cuming 753 (P, holo; L, NY, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov. --Medinilla bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3661, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Voucher: Elmer 17386 (A, GH, MICH, MO, NY, US). --Medinilla cardiophylla Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 206; EPFP 3 (1923) 194; --Type: Clemens s.n. (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley. --Medinilla monantha Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 152; EPFP 3 (1923) 200; --Type: Clemens 1136 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley. Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON, CATANDUANES, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, SULU, MINDANAO. Common in mossy forests at mid-elevation and on summits of most or all higher mountains between 600-1800m. Photos
  53. Medinilla oblanceolata Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 431; EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 183; --Type: BS 30703 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, K, isolecto), Panay: Capiz prov., Mt Madiaas. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Capiz. Known only from the type collection. Primary forests, low to medium elevation.
  54. Medinilla obovata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 108; EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 155; --Type: FB 17353 Curran (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Negros: Negros Occidental, Mt Marapara. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, NEGROS: Negros Occidental (Mt Marapara). Primary forests, 100-500(-750)m. Photos
  55. Medinilla ovalis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 303; EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 147. --Medinilla epiphytica Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 242; EPFP 3 (1923) 197. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR. Primary forests at 400-600(-1000)m.
  56. Medinilla pachygona C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 208; EPFP 3 (1923) 201; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 165. Endemic to the Philippines. N LUZON. Reportedly on limestone in forests at 1000-1700m.
  57. Medinilla palawanensis Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 170; --Type: Ridsdale SMHI 233 (L, holo; A, iso), Palawan: Mt Beaufort. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN: Mt Bloomfield; Victoria Mtns at Narra and Panacan; Mt Mantalingahan. Epiphytic on forests over ultramafics, 150-1000m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  58. Medinilla panayensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 347; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 143; --Type: BS 18253 Robinson (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Panay: Iloilo prov., Ulian River. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY: Capiz, Iloilo. Lowland primary forests, c. 250m. Photos
  59. Medinilla parvibractea Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 348; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 134. Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Forest ridges and mountain peaks, c. 1000m. Photos
  60. Medinilla peltata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 348; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 164; --Type: BS 18953 McGregor (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Biliran: Mt Suiro. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, BILIRAN, SAMAR. Humid forests along streams, 200-750m. Photos
  61. Medinilla pendula Merr., Publ. Govt. Lab. Philipp. 29 (1905) 34; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 126; --Type: Elmer 6037 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, PNH, isolecto). --Medinilla elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 36; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Type: Elmer 5848 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, isolecto). --Medinilla gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1218; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Type: Elmer 12417 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, CAS, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto). --Medinilla merrillii Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1219; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 199; --Type: Elmer 11249 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, GH, L, MO, NY, U, isolecto). --Medinilla subsessilis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 94; EPFP 3 (1923) 204; --Type: Vanoverbergh 792 (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; G, P, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Mountain Province, Benguet, Isabela, Pampanga (Mt Pinatubo), MINDORO, SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting), CEBU, MINDANAO: Lanao, Davao (Mt Apo). In mossy forests; along creeks and streams, damp ravines and overhanging damp banks, also epiphytic, (450-)1000-2000m. Common in the Cordillera Highlands of N LUZON. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  62. Medinilla pinnatinervia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 235; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 152; --Type: BS 7483 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Pamplona. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan (known from 4 collections). 
  63. Medinilla polillensis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 217; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 152. --Medinilla bakeri Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3660, nom. inval., no Latin descr. --Medinilla nodiflora C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 217; EPFP 3 (1923) 201. --Medinilla sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 25; EPFP 3 (1923) 204. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, BOHOL, CEBU (photos by Pelser & Barcelona). Damp and shaded forests at 300-500m. Photos
  64. Medinilla purpurea Elmer ex Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 151. Endemic to the Philippines. S LUZON, CATANDUANES. Damp forest streams, 400-700m.
  65. Medinilla pycnantha Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 179; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 173; --Type: BS 45580 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BM, K, NY, P, UC, isolecto), Luzon: Quirino prov., Mt Alzapan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino (Mt Alzapan; Nagtipunan). Mossy forests, c.1600m.
  66. Medinilla quadrifolia Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 509; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 157. --Medinilla affinis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 281; EPFP 3 (1923) 192. --Medinilla bagobo Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1212; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 193. --Medinilla duodecandra Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 229; EPFP 3 (1923) 197. --Medinilla mirandae Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 231; EPFP 3 (1923) 200. --Medinilla mindanaensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 34; EPFP 3 (1923) 200. --Medinilla pachyphylla Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3665, nom. inval., no Latin descr.. --Medinilla subumbellata Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 232; EPFP 3 (1923) 204. --Medinilla trianae Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 205. --Medinilla verticillata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 34; EPFP 3 (1923) 205. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Primary forests, 300-500m. Photos
  67. Medinilla radiciflora Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 180; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 126; --Type: BS 49544 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, UC, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao Oriental prov., Mt Mayo. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon and Davao Oriental. Damp forested streams, c. 750m.
  68. Medinilla ramiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 35; EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 169; --Type: Whitford 148 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River. --Medinilla weberi Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 235; EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Type: Weber 1009 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, CAS, GH, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Hilong-hilong. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Exposed ridges of mossy forests, 1000-2500m. Photos
  69. Medinilla robinsonii Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1228; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 165. --Medinilla rolfei Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 230; EPFP 3 (1923) 203. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS. Mossy forests, 1300-2000m.
  70. Medinilla sessilifolia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 234; EPFP 3 (1923) 203; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 170; --Type: BS 16145 Reillo (PNH, holo, lost; BM, lecto), Basilan: Cumalarang. --Medinilla myrmecorhiza Regalado, Blumea 35 (1990) 44; --Type: from Brunei. Borneo, Philippines. BASILAN, known only from a single collection. Lowland dipterocarp forest, 150-400m.
  71. Medinilla setigera (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1855) 550; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 179; --Type: from Sumatra. --Medinilla cogniauxii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 249; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Type: Cuming 1487 (K, holo; L, iso), Luzon: Batangas prov. --Medinilla cogniauxii Merr. var. angustifolia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 250; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Type: FB 4567 Mearns & Hutchinson (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental prov., Mt Malindang. --Medinilla curtiflora Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3662, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Vouchers: Elmer 14368 (A, GH, L, MO, NY, S, U, UC, US); Elmer 15179 (A, GH, L, MO, NY, S, U, UC, US); Elmer 15643 (A, GH, L, MO, NA, NY, S, U, UC, US), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan. --Medinilla involucrata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 51; EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Type: McGregor 328 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; NY, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Baco River. Sumatra, Borneo, widespread throughout the Philippines. Forests, 150-1000m. Photos
  72. Medinilla sieboldtiana Planch., Fl. des Serres Ser. I, v. (1849) t. 482. Only in cultivation? Photos
  73. Medinilla stenobotrys Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) 350; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 130; --Type: BS 28355 Fenix (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Apayao prov., Mt Sulu. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Kalinga, Isabela (Palanan), Quezon. Forests along streams, (40-)600-800m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  74. Medinilla sulcata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 181; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 160; --Type: BS 46549 Ramos & Edano (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, K, NY, UC, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Peñablanca. Known only from the type collection. Forested stream at low elevation.
  75. Medinilla surigaoensis Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 153; --Medinilla wenzelii Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 182, auct. non Merr.; --Type: Wenzel 3021 (UC, holo; A, CAS, MO, NY, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., Placer. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, POLILLO, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Lowland forests, 0-150m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  76. Medinilla tayabensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) 351; EPFP 3 (1923) 204; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 141; --Type: BS 28605 Ramos & Edaño (US, lecto), Luzon: Quezon prov., Mt Binuang, May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Quezon (Mt Binuang). Mossy forests, c. 700m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  77. Medinilla tenuipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) 353; EPFP 3 (1923) 204; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 185. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Mossy forests, c. 800m.
  78. Medinilla ternifolia Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. 28 (1871) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 204; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 176; --Type: Jager s.n. (B, holo, lost), Luzon; Merrill Philipp. Pl. 418 (US, neo), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Primary forests at medium elevation. Photos
  79. Medinilla teysmannii Miq., Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 217; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 204; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 135. --Medinilla albiflora Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 192. Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Riverine forests and along slopes and ridges in mossy forests, 700-1200(-1800)m. Photos
  80. Medinilla theresae Fernando, PhytoKeys 113 (2018) 146; --Type: E.S. Fernando 3831 (PNH, holo; LBC, PUH, iso), Dinagat: Loreto, Mt Redondo, 840m, dwarf forest on ultramafic soil, 29-Sep-2015. Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (Mt Hamiguitan). Conservation status: Endangered B1+2ab(ii,iii,v) (Fernando et al. 2018). Photos
  81. Medinilla umbellata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 299; EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 161; --Type: BS 34744 Ramos & Pascasio (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; K, isolecto), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte prov., lowland streamside forest, Jun-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Low elevation forests along stream. Known from two collections.
  82. Medinilla umbrina Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1215; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 161; --Type: Elmer 11496 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A, BISH, CAS, GH, L, MO, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao (Mt Apo). Forested ravines, 1800-2000m. Known from two collections.
  83. Medinilla venosa (Blume) Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 518; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 171; --Melastoma venosum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 1075; --Type: from the Moluccas (Ternate). --Medinilla luzonensis Hook.f. ex Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. 28 (1871) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Type: Lobb s.n. (K, holo), Luzon. --Medinilla philippensis (Cham. & Schltdl.) Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 248; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Axanthes philippensis Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 4 (1829) 193; --Type: Chamisso s.n. (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Cavite prov.; BS 1341 Mangubat (US, neo), Luzon: Cavite prov. --Medinilla williamsii C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 208; EPFP 3 (1923) 206; --Type: Williams 2412 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; GH, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. Note by L.L.Co: The US sheet (US 707951, barcode 00120639) is actually the one labeled as lectotype by Regalado. Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON, ALABAT, CATANDUANES, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Naturalized to a limited extent in Maui, Hawaii. Forest slopes and ridges, 350-1000m. Photos
  84. Medinilla whitfordii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 205; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 149. --Medinilla pulogensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 368; EPFP 3 (1923) 203. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao (Mt Polis), Benguet (Mt Pulog), Cagayan (Mt Cetaceo), Quezon (Mt Banahaw), Albay (Mt Mayon), NEGROS (Mt Kanlaon). Mossy forests in high mountains. Photos

Insufficiently known:

  1. Medinilla bicolor Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 152; EPFP 3 (1923) 193; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 187; --Type: Clemens 514 (syn); Clemens 885 (syn), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Not traced by Regalado.
  2. Medinilla copelandii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 52; EPFP 3 (1923) 195; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 187; --Type: Copeland, s.n., Mindanao: Zamboanga, San Ramon, not traced by Regalado. --Medinilla pumilis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1217; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 203, as ‘pumila’; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 187; --Type: Elmer 10533 (PNH, holo, lost; BISH, BM, F, L, MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo (Todaya). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Photos
  3. Medinilla lateralis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 232; EPFP 3 (1923) 198; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 187; --Type: Merrill 8292. Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River Mountains. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Not traced by Regalado.
  4. Medinilla parva Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 243; EPFP 3 (1923) 202; --Regalado, Blumea 40 (1995) 187; --Type: Robinson 9398 (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Quezon prov., Infanta, Mt Binuang. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon.

Philippine distribution not accounted for in Regalado’s revision:

  1. Medinilla hasseltii Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 513; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 197; --Type: from Java. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Philippines. PANAY: Capiz (Jamindan), BASILAN. Forests along streams at medium elevation. 

Melastoma L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2018

Photos

  1. Melastoma bensonii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 367; EPFP 3 (1923) 185; --Type: FB 18103 Curran (K, P). Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, Benguet (Mt Pulag; Pauai; Mt Sto Tomas; Baguio). Montane forests, 2000-2400m.
  2. Melastoma crinitum Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 13 (1850) 280; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 187; --Type: Cuming 853 (BM, K, P), Luzon: Albay prov. --Melastoma penicillatum Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 13 (1850) 280; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 187; --Type: Cuming 1747 (BM, K, P), Leyte. --Melastoma setosum Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2758. China, Peninsular Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ifugao, Cagayan, Isabela, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, ALABAT, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  3. Melastoma cyanoides Sm., Cycl. 23 (1819) n. 56-57; --Karst.Mey., Blumea 46 (2001) 359. --Otanthera manillana Triana, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 28 (1871) 56; --EPFP 3 (1923) 185. --Otanthera crinita Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 13 (1849) 354; --EPFP 3 (1923) 185; --Type: Cuming 928 (BM, K), Luzon: Albay prov. --Otanthera strigosa Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 433; EPFP 3 (1923) 185; --Type: BS 33079 Ramos (L, P), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Bangui to Claveria, Aug-1918. --Melastoma moluccanum Blume, Bijdr. 17 (1826) 1078. --Otanthera parviflora Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 355; --EPFP 3 (1923) 185; --Type: Merrill 8082 (K), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, Mtns back of San Ramon. Moluccas, Thailand, Myanmar, Australia, Sumatra, New Guinea, Vietnam, Sulawesi, Andaman Isls, Nicobar Isls, New Guinea, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Damp shaded ravines and on ridges, 800-1100m.
  4. Melastoma imbricatum Wall. ex C.B.Clarke, Fl. Br. India 2 (1879) 524. India, Peninsular Malaysia.
  5. Melastoma malabathricum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 390; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 186. --Melastoma polyanthum Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 481; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 188. --Melastoma pinatubense Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3204; --Type: Elmer 22233 (BM, C, K, L, P, SING), Luzon: Pampanga prov., Mt Pinatubo. --Melastoma parvifolium Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 32; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 187. --Melastoma membranaceum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 423; --EPFP 3 (1923) 187; --Type: BS 3798 Fenix (K), Batanes. --Melastoma holmani Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3089; --EPFP 3 (1923) 186; --Type: Elmer 18479, Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling. --Melastoma homostegium Naudin, Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 13 (1850) 256; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 186; --Type: Cuming 927 (BM, K, P), Luzon: Rizal prov., Manila. --Melastoma candidum auct. non D.Don; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 186. --Melastoma lanaense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 153; EPFP 3 (1923) 186; --Type: Clemens 836, Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley. Photos
  6. Melastoma pellegrinianum (H.Boissieu) Karst.Mey., Blumea 46 (2001) 374; --Dissotis pellegriniana H.Boissieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59 (1912) 330; --Type: from Vietnam. Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  7. Melastoma sanguineum Sims, Bot. Mag. 48 (1821) t. 2241. China, Malaya. Photos
  8. Melastoma toppingii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 32; --EPFP 3 (1923) 188; --Karst.Mey., Blumea 46 (2001) 387; --Type: Le Roy Topping 17, Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.

Species dubiae:

  1. Melastoma culionense Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 353; EPFP 3 (1923) 186; --Type: BS 21647 Escritor, Culion: Halsey Harbor. Near Melastoma sanguineum var. laevifolium (Merr.) Karst.Mey.? (Meyer 2001). Endemic to the Philippines.
  2. Melastoma luzoniensis (Quisumb. & Merr.) ined.; --Otanthera luzoniensis (Quisumb. & Merr.) C.Hansen, Ginkgoana 4 (1977) 122; --Osbeckia luzoniensis Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 184; --Type: BS 45719 Ramos (K), Luzon: Aurora prov., Mt Alzapan. Endemic to the Philippines. “The only collection of this species is without stamens, therefore it cannot be decided if this plant belongs to Osbeckia or Otanthera (= Melastoma). With its stellate hypanthium emergences and the strigose leaves it is similar to Melastoma beccarianum Cogn., but the sparse branch indumenta and the type locality suggest a new species” (Meyer 2001).
  3. Melastoma macgregorii (Merr.) ined.; --Otanthera macgregorii Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 356; EPFP 3 (1923) 185; --Type: BS 14408 McGregor (PNH?), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya prov., Imugan. “Merrill allied this species to Otanthera celebica Blume (= Melastoma moluccanum Blume) which is most likely the correct name for this species” (Meyer 2001).
  4. Melastoma subalbidum Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 354; EPFP 3 (1923) 188; --Type: BS 19835 McGregor (K, P, PNH), Luzon: Ifugao prov., Mt Polis. Endemic to the Philippines. Possibly near Melastoma moluccanum Blume with its short appressed hypanthium scales and the loose inflorescence (Meyer 2001).

Nomina nuda:

  1. Melastoma tetragonum Merr., label on collection BS 38915 Ramos (K, L, P, PNH). --Melastoma mindanaense Merr., label on collection BS 38481 Ramos (K, L, P). --Melastoma palawanense Merr., label on collection Merrill 7214 (K). --Otanthera ramosii Merr., label on collection BS 42299 Ramos (C).

Memecylon L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2018

Photos
  1. Memecylon affine Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 52; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: Merrill 3190 (NY, syn), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, Oct-1903. Taiwan, Philippines. Photos
  2. Memecylon apoense Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1199; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: Elmer 11697 (NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao del Sur prov., Mt Apo, Todaya, deep woods at 4000ft, Sep-1909. --Memecylon urdanetense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2764; --Type: Elmer 14113 (MO, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, densely wooded steep incline at 3500ft, between the peaks of Duros and Cawilanan, in very damp humus and well-drained soil, Oct-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur (Mt Apo), Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Primary forests, 1000-1200m.
  3. Memecylon azurinii Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 183; --Type: FB 29372 Azurin (UC, holo), Luzon: Isabela prov., Bagao, forests, c. 100m, Mar-1923. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Bagao; Mt Moises). In forests, also along forested streams, 100-900m.
  4. Memecylon basilanense Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 217; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: FB 16146 Reillo (NY, US, iso), Basilan, Aug/Sep-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Primary lowland and medium elevation forests.
  5. Memecylon brachybotrys Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 216; EPFP 3 (1923) 212; --Type: FB 3070 Ahern’s Collector (US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., May/Jun-1905. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO. Low and medium elevation primary forests. Photos
  6. Memecylon caeruleum Jack, Mal. Misc. 1 (1820) 26; --J.F.Maxwell in Ng, Tree Fl. Mal. 4 (1989) 188. Indochina, S & SE Thailand and throughout Malesia. Near seashores.
  7. Memecylon calderense A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 574; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 213; --Type: US Exploring Exped. s.n. (US), Mindanao: Zamboanga, near Caldera, 1838-1842. Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, BASILAN. Lowland forests.
  8. Memecylon cordifolium Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 221; EPFP 3 (1923) 213. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan. Forested ridges at low elevation.
  9. Memecylon cumingii Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. iii, 18 (1852) 273, as ‘cummingii’; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 213. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, CATANDUANES. In primary lowland and medium elevation forests. 
  10. Memecylon densiflorum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 248; EPFP 3 (1923) 213. --Memecylon palawanense Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1197; --Type: Elmer 13235 (NY, US, iso), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), among rocks in wooded river banks at 1000ft, May-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Quezon, Rizal, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO. In primary lowland and medium elevation forests.
  11. Memecylon elliptifolium Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 314; EPFP 3 (1923) 213; --Type: FB 27060 P Magistrado (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte prov., Paracale, May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte (Paracale). Primary lowland forests.
  12. Memecylon elongatum Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 219; EPFP 3 (1923) 214. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests.
  13. Memecylon gitingense Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1195; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 214; --Type: Elmer 12189 (MO, US, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Apr-1910. --Memecylon agusanense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2760; --Type: Elmer 14181 (NY, syn), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, along Catangan Creek, dense woods along a deep cliff, 3500ft; --Elmer 13562 (MO, NA, NY, US, syn), same general locality, Duros Peak, dense woods along a steep slope, 3500ft, Aug-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Sorsogon. MINDORO, SIBUYAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte (Mt Urdaneta). Lowland and medium elevation forests, ascending to c.1100m.
  14. Memecylon gracilipes C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 353; EPFP 3 (1923) 214. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Lowland and medium elevation forests.
  15. Memecylon lanceolatum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 301; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 214. --Memecylon cumingianum C.Presl, Epim. (1851) 209; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 114; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 137; --Type: Cuming 917 (NY, iso), Luzon prov., Albay. --Memecylon pyrifolium C.Presl, Epim. (1851) 210; --S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 114; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 138; --Type: Cuming 1816, Bohol. Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, in most or all provinces, POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Common in thickets and second-growth lowland and medium elevation forests.
  16. Memecylon littorale Merr., PJS 35 (1928) 6. --Memecylon revolutum Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 216, auct. non Thwaites. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan. In thickets along the seashore.
  17. Memecylon loheri Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 220; EPFP 3 (1923) 214. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Rizal. In primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1000m.
  18. Memecylon myrtilli Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1851) 357; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 214. Andaman Isls, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Java. SIBUYAN, BANCALAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Thickets or lowland forests.
  19. Memecylon obscurinerve Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 357; EPFP 3 (1923) 215; --Type: BS 26401 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov., Mt Umingan (Mingan), forested slopes, c. 400m, 20-Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija. Forested slopes, c. 400m.
  20. Memecylon obtusifolium Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 215. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan. Dry forested ridges, 200m.
  21. Memecylon odoratum Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1196; --Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 213; EPFP 3 (1923) 215; --Type: Elmer 13140 (MO, NY, US), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, between forks of Iwahig River, along a woodland stream, 500ft, May-1911. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Thickets and forests along streams, c. 150m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  22. Memecylon oligophlebium Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 357; EPFP 3 (1923) 215; --Type: FB 26476 Malonga, Mindanao: Surigao del Sur prov., Carrascal, dry slopes, 50m, 13-Dec-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur (Carrascal). Dry slopes at low elevation.
  23. Memecylon ovatum Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 23 (1816) No. 3; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 215; --Memecylon edule Roxb. var. ovatum (Sm.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1879) 564. --Memecylon parviflorum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 300; --Type: not extant; ‘illustrative specimen’: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae No. 581 (US), Palawan: Palawan prov., Taytay, thickets and forests along seashore, 28-May-1913. --Memecylon umbellatum auct. non Burm.f.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 352. India to Malaya, Philippines. BATANES to N LUZON, PALAWAN and MINDANAO. Common in thickets at low elevation, especially along or near the seashore, but also extending inland. Photos
  24. Memecylon pachyphyllum Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 358; EPFP 3 (1923) 216; --Type: BS 26475 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija prov., Mt Umingan (Mingan), 250-350m, Aug-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (Mt Mingan), Quezon (Mt Binuang). Forests, 250-850m.
  25. Memecylon pallidum Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 223; EPFP 3 (1923) 216. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Lowland forests.
  26. Memecylon paniculatum Jack, Malay Miscel. 27 (1822) 62; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 216. --Memecylon phanerophlebium Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 219; EPFP 3 (1923) 216. Sumatra, Java, Philippines. LUZON (Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Batangas, Camarines), POLILLO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, NEGROS, LEYTE, SIARGAO, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao. Primary lowland and medium elevation forests. Common. Photos
  27. Memecylon pteropus Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 224; EPFP 3 (1923) 216. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Lowland forests.
  28. Memecylon ramosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 432; EPFP 3 (1923) 216. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Previously known only from the type collection from Ilocos Norte, recently recorded from Isabela (N Sierra Madre Natural Park, Palanan Forest Dynamics Plot). Primary lowland forests. Photos
  29. Memecylon sessilifolium Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 209; EPFP 3 (1923) 217; --Type: FB 18734 Darling (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Camarines, SAMAR. Lowland forests.
  30. Memecylon sorsogonense Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1200; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 217. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Sorsogon. Lowland forests.
  31. Memecylon stenophyllum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 432; EPFP 3 (1923) 217. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan. Dry forested slopes at low elevation.
  32. Memecylon subcaudatum Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 222; EPFP 3 (1923) 217. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE MINDANAO. Lowland and medium elevation forests.
  33. Memecylon subfurfuraceum Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 213; EPFP 3 (1923) 217; --Type: Merrill 3788 (US, iso), Luzon: Bataan prov., Lamao River, 1-Jan-1904. Endemic to the Philippines.
  34. Memecylon symplociforme Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 359; EPFP 3 (1923) 217; --Type: BS 26598 Ramos & Edaño (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora prov., E coast, vicinity of Mt Dingalan, on slopes, c. 195m, 27-Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Sorsogon. Forested slopes.
  35. Memecylon tayabense Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 359; EPFP 3 (1923) 217; --Type: FB 24932 Bawan (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Atimonan, forested ridges, c. 200m, 12-Dec-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Atimonan). Forested ridges, c. 200m.
  36. Memecylon tenuipes Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 211; EPFP 3 (1923) 217; --Type: BS 13835 Ramos, Luzon: Cagayan prov., Abulug River, in forests along the river, Jan-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Cagayan. Along streams in lowland forests.
  37. Memecylon terminaliflorum Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1198; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 217. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, NEGROS. Primary forests, c. 225m. Mark Hughes, pers. com. (March 2013): most likely a synonym of Memecylon paniculatum.
  38. Memecylon venosum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 154; EPFP 3 (1923) 218. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan. Primary forests, ascending to 900m.

Ochthocharis Blume

No Photos
  1. Ochthocharis javanica Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 523; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 189.

Osbeckia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 August 2017

Photos
  1. Osbeckia chinensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 490; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 189. --Osbeckia perrottetii DC. ex Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 3, 14 (1850) 71. --Osbeckia multiflora auct. non Sm.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 293. India to Japan to New Guinea. BUSUANGA, CULION, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Cagayan to Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PANAY. Photos

 Otanthera Blume = Melastoma

Pachycentria Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 August 2017

Photos
  1. Pachycentria constricta Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 520; --Clausing, Blumea 45 (2000) 351. --Pachycentria formicaria Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 215; --EPFP 3 (1923) 206; --Type: Clemens 433 (PNH, holo, lost; A, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur prov., Camp Keithley. S Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, and another area in NE MINDANAO, possibly Agusan, (fide Clausing’s distribution map). In Mindanao reportedly an epiphyte, 700m. Photos
  2. Pachycentria pulverulenta (Jack) Clausing, Blumea 45 (2000) 362; --Melastoma pulverulentum Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14(1) (1823) 19. --Pogonanthera reflexa Reinw. ex Blume, Flora 14 (1831) 521; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 192; --Type: from Java. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, SAMAR, LEYTE, NEGROS, PANAY, DINAGAT, MINDANAO, BASILAN, JOLO. Various types of primary and secondary forests, mangroves, to 600m, usually epiphytic. Photos

 Pogonanthera Blume = Pachycentria

Sarcopyramis Wall.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2018

Photos
  1. Sarcopyramis napalensis Wall., Tent. Fl. Nep. 32 (1824), t. 23; --Hansen, Bot. Tiddskr. 73 (1979) 180; --Type: from Nepal. --Sarcopyramis delicata C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 72; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 189; --Type: Williams 1276 (GH, K, NY, US, syn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Mt Santo Tomas, 1-Jul-1904; Williams 1305 (NY, syn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Mt Santo Tomas, 12-Oct-1904; Elmer 8806 (K, NY, syn), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Mt Santo Tomas, Mar-1907. China, Tibet, Bhutan, India, Sikkim, Nepal, Assam, Sumatra, Thailand, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, MINDORO. Photos

Sonerila Roxb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 August 2017

Photos
  1. Sonerila tenera Royle, Illustr. Himal. Pl. (1839) 215; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 190. India to Indochina and S China, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal.
  2. Sonerila woodii Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 190. --Sonerila lilacina Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2765. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, MINDORO. Photos

Literature                             

Bakhuizen van den Brink, RC. 1945. A contribution to the knowledge of the Melastomataceae occurring in the Malay Archipelago especially in the Netherlands East
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Bremer, 1982. A checklist of the Memecylon species (Melastomataceae) in Borneo, Java, Malaya and Sumatra. Garden's Bulletin Singapore 35: 45-49

Clausing, G. 2000. Revision of Pachycentria (Melastomataceae). Blumea 45: 341-375


DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Fernando, ES & DS Balete. 2013. Medinilla dallciana (Melastomataceae: Dissochaeteae), a new species from Luzon Island, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 142: 89-93.

Fernando, ES, JP Quakenbush, EP Lillo & PS Ong. 2018. Medinilla theresae (Melastomataceae), a new species from ultramafic soils in the Philippines. PhytoKeys 113: 145-155

Hansen, C. 1978 [1979] A revision of the genus Sarcopyramis Wall. (Melastomataceae). Bot. Tidsskr. 73: 177-183.

Hansen, C & GE Wickens. 1981. A revision of Ochthocharis (Melastomataceae), including Phaeoneuron of Africa. Kew Bulletin 36: 13-29.

Kartonegoro, A & JF Veldkamp. 2013. Revision of Creochiton (Melastomataceae). Blumea 58: 217-227

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Mancera, J, DS Penneys & FP Coritico. 2017. Revisiting Astrocalyx Merr. (Astronieae: Melastomataceae): New morphological observations on the Philippine endemic, enigmatic, endangered and monotypic genus. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 62: 49-65

Maxwell, JF. 1980. Revision of Memecylon L. (Melastomataceae) from the Malay Peninsula. Gardens Bulletin Singapore 33: 31-150

Maxwell, JF. 1982. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Oxyspora DC., Anerincleistus Korth., Poikilogyne Baker f., and Allomorphia BL. (Melastomataceae, tribe Oxysporeae).
Garden's Bulletin Singapore 35: 208-226

Maxwell, JF & JF Veldkamp. 1990. Notes on the Astronieae (Melastomataceae). 1. AstrocalyxAstronia. Blumea 35: 75-114


Maxwell, JF & JF Veldkamp. 1990. Notes on the Astronieae (Melastomataceae). 2. Astronidium, Beccarianthus. Blumea 35: 115-164


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Penneys, DS. 2013. Preliminary phylogeny of the Astronieae (Melastomataceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data, with comments on the Philippine endemic genus Astrocalyx. Philippine Journal of Science 142: 159-168.

Regalado, JC. 1990. Revision of Medinilla (Melastomataceae) of Borneo. Blumea 35: 5-70

Regalado, JC. 1995. Revision of Philippine Medinilla (Melastomataceae). Blumea 40: 113-193

Veldkamp, JF. 1978. Notes on Creochiton, Dissochaeta, and Macrolenes (Melastomataceae). Blumea 24: 437-446

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Veldkamp, JF, NAP Franken, MC Roos & MP Nayar. 1978. A revision of Diplectria (Melastomataceae). Blumea 24: 405-430


Veldkamp, JF & MP Nayar. 1978. The synonymy of the species of Anplectrum (Melastomataceae). Blumea 24: 431-435



Acknowledgements                             

Derek Cabactulan, Michael Agbayani Calaramo, Ravan Schneider, and Danilo Tandang kindly provided some photographs for this webpage. Mark Hughes provided taxonomic information about Memecylon.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 11 December 2018