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Pentaphragma Wall. ex G.Don

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 December 2019

  1. Pentaphragma grandiflorum Kurz, Flora 55 (1872) 136; --Airy Shaw, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1954) 519. --Pentaphragma paucinerve Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 211; --Type: BS 45634 Ramos & Edaño (NY, iso), Luzon: Quirino prov., Mt Alzapan, forested slopes, 1700m, 22-May-1925. New Guinea, Moluccas (Bacan, Seram, Buru), Philippines. LUZON: Quirino, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, Sorsogon, POLILLO, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO, JOLO. Chiefly at low and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1700m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Pentaphragma mindanaense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 472; EPFP 3 (1923) 587; --Airy Shaw, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1954) 522; --Type: BS 36834 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Malangas, Oct-1919. Endemic to Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur (Malangas; Mt Tubuan). Known from two collections. Along small streams in forests at low elevation. Fl. & fr. Oct-Nov.
  3. Pentaphragma philippinensis Merr., PJS 2c (1907) 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 587; --Type: Merrill 6136 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Alag River, Nov-1906. Endemic to Philippines. MINDORO: Mindoro Oriental. Note by P.B. Pelser: considered distinct from Pentaphragma grandiflorum by J.V. LaFrankie (21-May-2016). Photos
  4. Pentaphragma platyphyllum Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 322; EPFP 3 (1923) 587; --Airy Shaw, Fl. Males. ser. 1, (1954) 520; --Type: BS 35258 Ramos & Pascasio (US, iso), Dinagat: Forests along small streams at low elevation, 12-May-1919. Endemic to Philippines. DINAGAT. Primary lowland rainforest along small streams. Fl. May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Pentaphragma pulgarense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2572; EPFP 3(1923) 588. --Pentaphragma aurantiacum auct. non Stapf; --Airy Shaw, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1954) 521. Endemic to Philippines. PALAWAN: Mt Pulgar. Medium elevation primary forests. Photos


Romel Arbolonio kindly provided some of the photos on this webpage.


Airy Shaw, HK. 1954. Pentaphragmataceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 517-528

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines.

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 1 August 2020